ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE : RESEARCH : SCIENCE : SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE: Research Shows - Yet Again - That There's No Scientific Debate about Climate Change

David P. Dillard
 

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ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE :

ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CHANGE DENIAL :

RESEARCH :

SCIENCE :

SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE:

Research Shows - Yet Again -
That There's No Scientific Debate about Climate Change

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Research Shows - Yet Again -
That There's No Scientific Debate about Climate Change

By Chelsea Harvey

April 15 at 10:32 AM

Washington Post

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2016/04/15/
research-shows-yet-again-that-theres-no-scientific-debate-
about-climate-change/

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A shorter URL for the above link:

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http://tinyurl.com/jhh7kjq

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Its a well-known and widely cited statistic: 97 percent of scientific experts agree that human-caused climate change is real. The consensus has been supported by numerous studies and yet the idea that the statistic is made up, or wrong, is still a common position among climate doubters and a major tool used to foster public uncertainty about climate change.

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Now, researchers have reinforced this finding of a scientific consensus once again in a new paper, published Wednesday in the journal Environmental Research Letters. The paper finds that an overwhelming majority of climate experts agree on the issue, and that even though the contrarian movement begs to differ there is no substantial scientific debate about it.

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While the consensus has been documented by many studies over the years, the most widely cited is a 2013 paper led by John Cook of the University of Queenslands Global Change Institute. The study examined thousands of peer-reviewed scientific papers and found that, among those papers that took a position on the causes of climate change, 97.1 percent of them supported the idea that global warming is caused by humans.

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Earlier this year, however, University of Sussex professor Richard Tol published a comment criticizing the 2013 study and suggesting that 97 percent may be too high a figure. In his comment, Tol returned to some of the published research on the consensus and re-examined the accompanying data, noting that Cooks paper did not include studies that took no position on climate change, and that surveys including scientists who dont study climate tend to have somewhat lower rates of consensus.

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After examining the comment, however, Cook and a team of other researchers concluded that these arguments were problematic at best. In their new paper, they re-examined the published literature on the climate consensus, finding that the 97 percent calculation remains a robust and well-supported statistic.

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The biggest flaw [in Tols argument] is that he misrepresents many of the other studies on the consensus, said Cook, lead author on the new paper.

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He tries to argue that our paper is an outlier is different to all the other studies in their estimates of the expert consensus, Cook said. But the way he arrives at the expert consensus is by using groups that include non-experts, which is a classic technique to try to obtain lower estimates of the scientific consensus.

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The complete article may be read at the URL above.

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