SOCIAL WORK : ORGANIZATIONS : JOURNAL ARTICLES : DISABILITIES: Social Work Practice with People with Disabilities in the Era of Disability Rights. : : ORGANIZATIONS: People with Disabilities
David P. Dillard
SOCIAL WORK : ORGANIZATIONS : JOURNAL ARTICLES : DISABILITIES: Social Work Practice with People with Disabilities in
the Era of Disability Rights. : : ORGANIZATIONS: People with Disabilities
SOCIAL WORK :
JOURNAL ARTICLES :
Social WorkPractice with People with Disabilities
in the Era of Disability Rights :
ORGANIZATIONS: People with Disabilities
People with Disabilities
International Federation of Social Workers
It is estimated that there are more than 600 million people with disability in the world (WHO). This represents between 18 and 20% of the world's population. When the impact on families and carers is also considered, approximately 25% of the world's population is affected by disability.. There is a strong correlation of impairment and ageing, hence it is estimated that the incidence of disability will rise as the baby-boomer generation age.
In addition, improvements in the quality of life for people with chronic illness and disability as well as advances in medicine are prolonging life in the face of previously life threatening situations and raising the incidence of disability particularly in industrialised countries. For example many babies born prematurely now survive often with significant disability. People are more likely to survive serious accidents and then live with head injury, spinal cord injuries or other impairments.
In the majority of the non-industrialised world, the incidence of disability is particularly high. War, famine, disasters all contribute to injury, impairment and disability. Land mines account for vast numbers of people with disability chiefly in Africa and Asia. The correlation of disability and poverty is well known and indeed constitutes a major focus for many international projects (Braithwaite, Carroll, Mont & Peffley, 2008). Many people with disability in the developing world live on less than US$1 per day.
Sections Found in This Document
The rights of people with disability have been an ongoing issue both in terms of international legislative initiatives as well as through disability rights movements. Most important of international instruments and events are:
the UN Declaration on the Rights of Mentally Retarded Persons (1971),
the Declaration on the Rights of Disabled Persons in 1975,
the International Year for Disabled Persons in 1981,
World Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons (UN, 1982), and
the United Nations Decade of Disabled Persons (1983_1992).
People with intellectual disability
People with emotional impairments
Disability across the life span
Social workers are strategically positioned to develop, implement, and advocate for policies, programmes, services, and research that support and benefit persons with a disability. Acknowledging that people with disability comprise a significant proportion of the world's population, IFSW encourages the consideration of people with disabilities in all of its policies. IFSW also supports the following policy principles that promote the inclusion of all people with disabilities in all societies and communities.
IFSW endorses the CRPD and encourages all countries to sign the convention and the optional protocol
IFSW stresses and affirms the core commitment of the social work profession to human rights for people with disabilities including the elimination of physical, emotional, financial and sexual abuse, exploitation, and neglect,
IFSW supports the full participation of people with disabilities in the design, implementation, and evaluation of disability programmes, policies, and research.
IFSW supports the self determination of people with disabilities in all aspects of their lives
IFSW will work to promote the full inclusion of all people with disabilities, including people with physical, psychological, and cognitive disabilities, in all aspects of society including education, paid employment, community living, political participation, as well as cultural, and social activities.
IFSW will work to ensure that people with disability receive proper health and mental health care, primary and acute care, including effective medications and sexual health care; rehabilitative services and assistive technology; psychotherapy and substance abuse treatment; palliative and hospice care
IFSW supports the introduction, preservation, and strengthening of a range of public, private, and commercial income security schemes that safeguard adequate income to meet needs of people with disabilities especially women.
IFSW recognised the need to promote and expand disability education and training for all social workers and other health, mental health, and service providers.
IFSW strongly supports the full participation of persons with disability in the profession, in social work education, social policy and social agencies.
IFSW affirms that education of social workers should equip them to work alongside people with disability, families and the environment. Social workers should have the skills to recognize that every disabled person has her/ his own individuality and has the freedom to make their own choice. - practice, policy, research, and advocacy.
Braithwaite, J, Carroll, R., Mont, D. & Peffley, K. (2008). Disability & Development in the World Bank: FY2000-2007 SP Discussion Paper 0808. World Bank Publication.
Hoogeveen, J. (2005).Measuring Welfare for Small but Vulnerable Groups: Poverty and Disability in Uganda. Journal of African Economies, Vol. 14, No. 4, pp.603-631.
Yeo, R. and K. Moore. (2003). "Including Disabled People in Poverty Reduction Work: Nothing About Us, Without Us," World Development, Vol. 31, No. 3 pp.571-590, 2003.
Pandey, Manoj K. (2009): Poverty and disability among Indian elderly: evidence from household survey. Unpublished report.
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