ORCID "Connecting Research and Researchers"

David P. Dillard

ORCID "Connecting Research and Researchers"


What is ORCID

ORCID is a nonprofit helping create a world in which all who participate in research, scholarship and innovation are uniquely identified and connected to their contributions and affiliations, across disciplines, borders, and time.

Our vision

ORCID’s vision is a world where all who participate in research, scholarship, and innovation are uniquely identified and connected to their contributions across disciplines, borders, and time.
Our mission

ORCID provides an identifier for individuals to use with their name as they engage in research, scholarship, and innovation activities. We provide open tools that enable transparent and trustworthy connections between researchers, their contributions, and affiliations. We provide this service to help people find information and to simplify reporting and analysis.
Our values

ORCID is a not-for-profit organization, sustained by fees from our member organizations. Our work is open, transparent, and non-proprietary. We are guided by the principles of privacy and researcher control, and the vision of identifier-enabled research information infrastructure. We make decisions collaboratively, involving our staff, Board, those who support our mission, and the researchers and community that are the purpose of our work.

We take a global view. We have a diverse team, deployed internationally in our "virtual office." We engage with a wide range of organizations and people to ensure broad viewpoints. We strive to be a trusted component of research infrastructure with the goal of providing clarity in the breadth of research contributions and the people who make them.

The ORCID Community

The ORCID community includes individual researchers, universities, national laboratories, commercial research organizations, research funders, publishers, national science agencies, data repositories, and international professional societies, all of whom have been critically affected by the lack of a central registry for researchers. ORCID coordinates with the community through Working Groups and bi-annual Outreach meetings.


ORCID works with the research community to identify opportunities for integrating ORCID identifiers in key workflows, such as manuscript submissions and grant applications. ORCID encourages third parties to develop applications that interact with and enhance the utility of the ORCID Registry. We provide tools, use cases, documentation, examples, and open-source code to support your integration efforts.

The ORCID Team

ORCID is governed by a Board of Directors with wide stakeholder representation. ORCID is supported by a dedicated and knowledgeable professional staff, led by Executive Director Laure Haak and Technical Director Laura Paglione.


Individuals may use ORCID services freely. ORCID membership is open to any organization interested in integrating ORCID identifiers. All member fees are used to sustain and develop ORCID for the benefit of the research community.


ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) is a nonproprietary alphanumeric code to uniquely identify scientific and other academic authors and contributors.[1][2][3][4][5] This addresses the problem that a particular author's contributions to the scientific literature or publications in the humanities can be hard to recognize as most personal names are not unique, they can change (such as with marriage), have cultural differences in name order, contain inconsistent use of first-name abbreviations and employ different writing systems. It provides a persistent identity for humans, similar to that created for content-related entities on digital networks by digital object identifiers (DOIs).[6]

The ORCID organization offers an open and independent registry intended to be the de facto standard for contributor identification in research and academic publishing. On 16 October 2012, ORCID launched its registry services [7][8] and started issuing user identifiers.[9]


1 Development and launch
2 Uses
3 Members, sponsors and registrants
3.1 National implementations
4 Integrations
5 See also
6 References
7 External links



The aim of ORCID is to aid "the transition from science to e-Science, wherein scholarly publications can be mined to spot links and ideas hidden in the ever-growing volume of scholarly literature".[26] Another suggested use is to provide each researcher with "a constantly updated ‘digital curriculum vitae’ providing a picture of his or her contributions to science going far beyond the simple publication list."[1] The idea is that other organizations will use the open-access ORCID database to build their own services.

It has been noted in an editorial in Nature that ORCID, in addition to tagging the contributions that scientists make to papers, "could also be assigned to data sets they helped to generate, comments on their colleagues’ blog posts or unpublished draft papers, edits of Wikipedia entries and much else besides".[1]

In April 2014, ORCID announced plans to work with the Consortia Advancing Standards in Research Administration Information to record and acknowledge contributions to peer review.[27]

In an open letter dated 1 January 2016 eight publishers, including the Royal Society, the American Geophysical Union, Hindawi, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, PLOS, and Science, committed to requiring all authors in their journals to have an ORCID iD.[28][29]


Nick Jennings' ORCID in his Wikidata entry

In addition to members and sponsors, journals, publishers, and other services have included ORCID in their workflows or databases. For example, the Journal of Neuroscience,[39][40] Springer Publishing,[41] the Hindawi Publishing Corporation,[18] Europe PubMed Central,[42] the Japanese National Institute of Informatics's Researcher Name Resolver,[43] Wikipedia,[44] and Wikidata.[45]

Some online services have created tools for exporting data to, or importing data from, ORCID. These include Scopus,[46] Figshare,[47] Thomson Reuters' ResearcherID system,[48] Researchfish,[49] the British Library (for their EThOS thesis catalogue),[50] ProQuest (for their ProQuest Dissertations and Theses service),[51] and Frontiers Loop.[52]

In October 2015, DataCite, CrossRef and ORCID announced that the former organisations would update ORCID records, "when an ORCID identifier is found in newly registered DOI names".[53][54]

Third-party tools allow the migration of content from other services into ORCID, for example Mendeley2ORCID, for Mendeley.[55]

Some ORCID data may also be retrieved as RDF/XML, RDF Turtle, XML or JSON.[56][57] ORCID uses GitHub as its code repository.[58]


Have you ever tried to search for an author, only to discover that he shares a name with 113 other researchers? Or realized that Google Scholar stopped tracking citations to your work after you took your spouse’s surname a few years back?

If so, you’ve probably wished for ORCID.

ORCID IDs are permanent identifiers for researchers. Community uptake has increased tenfold over the past year, and continues to be adopted by new institutions, funders, and journals on a daily basis. ORCID may prove to be one of the most important advances in scholarly communication in the past ten years.

Here are ten things you need to know about ORCID and its importance to you.

Contents of This Blog Post

1. ORCIDs protects your unique scholarly identity
2. Creating an ORCID identifier takes 30 seconds
4. ORCID lasts longer than your email address
5. ORCID supports 37 types of “works,” from articles to dance performances
6. You control who views your ORCID information
7. ORCID is glue for all your research services
8. Journals, funders & institutions are moving to ORCID
9. When everyone has an ORCID identifier, scholarship gets better
10. ORCID is open source, open data, and community-driven

Go to the web address above to read the details for these ten headings



ORCID Identifiers FROM Cornell University Library

"ORCID® iDs are unique researcher identifiers designed to provide a transparent method for linking researchers and contributors to their activities and outputs. arXiv allows you to link your ORCID iD with your arXiv account. This linkage will allow your works on arXiv to be unambiguously connected to your works in other systems. It will help with the ongoing challenge of distinguishing your research activities from those of others with similar names.

We encourage all arXiv authors to link their ORCID iD with arXiv."


ORCID around the world
Spreading the ORCID word: ORCID communications webinar
Ten Things You Need to Know about ORCID Right Now
ORCID Technical Introduction 10-29-15, 9.02 AM
Peer Review Recognition: One Year Later: Peer Review on the ORCID Registry
Peer Review Recognition: One Year Later: EJPress
Peer Review Recognition: One Year Later: American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Peer Review Recognition: One Year Later: Publons



"Accurate attribution has long been a challenge in the scholarly sphere. Whether one is the researcher, funder, publisher or another contributing to this ecosystem, it is critical that work be properly identified and tied to the right individual, institution, publisher or funder. Thomson Reuters has long known this, hence the reason for its ResearcherID solution. And, hence the reason for the company being a founding member of the Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID) initiative.

ResearcherID and ORCID are complementary attribution identifiers. They go hand-in-hand and it is essential that scholarly authors and researchers have both. ORCID is a platform-agnostic identifier, whereas the ResearcherID identifier is specific to Thomson Reuters. With a ResearcherID, users can:

Showcase and network more easily across the Web of Science™
Access citation profile and metrics in the Web of Science
Provide end-user feedback on publications for claiming purposes, which will propagate through other Thomson Reuters offerings

With the latest release of ResearcherID, members can seamlessly exchange data between their ResearcherID and ORCID profiles"



Publishing blog
From January you’ll need an ORCID

7 December 2015 by Phil Hurst

Mandating the use of Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID) by submitting authors.

ORCIDORCID provides a unique identifier for all researchers that can be linked to their different research works and activities across multiple platforms. It also serves to distinguish authors with similar names and simplify searching of publications databases (such as PubMed, Scopus, etc.) to avoid retrieving articles by authors with similar names. Close to 1.8 million researchers have already created their ORCID iD. The service is non-profit and community driven.

From 1 January 2016, we will require the submitting author to provide an ORCID identifier as part of the manuscript submission process.

Benefits of creating an ORCID iD
It’s a time saver
It provides cross-platform compatibility
Your privacy is protected
It helps to build reputations


Author: Torsten Reimer

The ORCID researcher identifier ensures that research outputs can always reliably be traced back to their authors. ORCID also makes it possible to automate the sharing of research information, thereby increasing data quality, reducing duplication of effort for academics and saving institutions money. In 2014, Imperial College London created ORCID identifiers (iDs) for academic and research staff. This article discusses the implementation project in the context of the role of ORCID in the global scholarly communications system. It shows how ORCID can be used to automate reporting, help with research data publication and support open access (OA).
Keywords: ORCID, identifier, Imperial College London, scholarly communications, research information management
How to Cite: Reimer, T., (2015). Your name is not good enough: introducing the ORCID researcher identifier at Imperial College London. Insights. 28(3), pp.76–82. DOI:

Why engage with ORCID?
The Imperial College ORCID project
Two approaches to ORCID
ORCID roll-out
Academic response, success factors and lessons learned
Ongoing ORCID engagement at Imperial College


Guest blog by Alice Meadows, Director of Community Engagement & Support at ORCID

If you’re a researcher or work in a research organization, the chances are that over the past couple of years you’ve started to hear about ORCID. Maybe you’re one of the over 2 million people who have already signed up for an ORCID iD, or you know colleagues who have.

Perhaps you’ve been asked to provide an ORCID iD when applying for a grant, submitting a manuscript, or when using a research information management system. Or you may have responded to our call for feedback in our first community survey last year.

Read more at the Web Address Above


Why Some Publishers are Requiring ORCID iDs for Authors: An Interview with Stuart Taylor, The Royal Society
FROM The Scholarly Kitchen
Posted by Alice Meadows
Jan 7, 2016 58 Comments
Filed Under Academic publishing, ORCID, publishing, Royal Society


"Being able to effectively and consistently link yourself to your research is not only convenient, but also vitally important if you want your work to be discovered.

Since its launch in October 2012, the ORCID registry has issued over 500,000 unique identifiers to help researchers and scholars keep track of their outputs and other “works”.

By the end of 2014, the ORCID team hope to triple this figure to 1.5 million ORCID ID’s and today Symplectic is pleased to announce its own contribution to this most important of causes by becoming one of the first ORCID members to use Authenticated ID’s to transfer data from the ORCID registry to an institutional information management system."

Secure integration
Ensuring high quality data
Looking ahead
Growing the community



Wed, 09/04/2013 - 14:27

It has been almost a year since ORCID – the open, non-profit, community-based effort to provide a registry of unique researcher identifiers and a transparent method of linking research activities and outputs to these identifiers – was launched. More than 253,000 ORCID profiles have been created as of today. Since its launch, the Scopus team has continued to add enhanced integration points while supporting the mission of ORCID.


Haak, Laurel L., Martin Fenner, Laura Paglione, Ed Pentz, and Howard Ratner.
"ORCID: a system to uniquely identify researchers."
Learned Publishing 25, no. 4 (2012): 259-264.


Clement, Gail.
"ORCID-opoly, Where High-touch Meets High-Tech: Learning and Outreach efforts in support of ORCID Integration at Texas A&M."


Fenner, Martin, Consol Garcia Gómez, and Gudmundur Thorisson.
"Collective Action for the Open Researcher and Contributor ID (Orcid)."
Serials 24, no. 3 (2011).


Anstey, A.
"How Can We Be Certain Who Authors Really Are? Why ORCID is Important to the British Journal of Dermatology."
British Journal of Dermatology
171, no. 4 (2014): 679-680.


Wilson, B., and M. Fenner.
"Open researcher & contributor ID (ORCID): solving the name ambiguity problem.
" Educause Rev 47 (2012): 1-4.


Bilder, Geoffrey.
"Disambiguation without de-duplication: Modeling authority and trust in the ORCID system."
Retrieved November 20 (2011): 2013.


De Castro, Pablo, and Simeon Warner.
"ORCID Implementation in Open Access Repositories and Institutional Research Information Management Systems."
2014-12-19]. (2013).


Foley, Michael J., and David L. Kochalko.
"Open Researcher and Contributor Identification"
(ORCID). (2012).


Friedberg, Errol C.
"Good news on the horizon: the Open Researcher and Contributor ID" (ORCID).
DNA repair 9, no. 2 (2010): 102.


Haak, Laurel.
"ORCID: Connecting Researchers and Scholars with Their Works."
Insights 26, no. 3 (2013).


Barry, Michael J., Floyd J. Fowler Jr, Michael P. O'Leary, R. C. Bruskewitz, H. L. Holtgrewe, W. K. Mebust, and A. T. Cockett.
"The American Urological Association symptom index for benign prostatic hyperplasia. The Measurement Committee of the American Urological Association."
The Journal of urology
148, no. 5 (1992): 1549-57.


Moreira, João Mendes, Alcino Cunha, and Nuno Macedo.
"An ORCID based synchronization framework for a national CRIS ecosystem."
F1000Research 4 (2015).


Research evaluation metrics
Volume 4 of Open access for researchers
Author Das, Anup Kumar
Publisher UNESCO Publishing, 2015
ISBN 9231000829, 9789231000829
Length 120 pages


The Metric Tide: Independent Review of the Role of Metrics in Research Assessment and Management
Author James Wilsdon
Edition revised
Publisher SAGE, 2016
ISBN 1473978777, 9781473978775
Length 192 pages


New Content in Digital Repositories: The Changing Research Landscape
Chandos Information Professional Series
Authors Natasha Simons, Joanna Richardson
Publisher Elsevier, 2013
ISBN 1780634099, 9781780634098
Length 252 pages


The Death of Science: A Companion Study to Martín López Corredoira’s The Twilight of the Scientific Age
Author Andrew Holster
Edition illustrated
Publisher Universal-Publishers, 2016
ISBN 1627340769, 9781627340762
Length 310 pages


Bioinformatics Challenges at the Interface of Biology and Computer Science: Mind the Gap
Authors Teresa K. Attwood, Stephen R. Pettifer, David Thorne
Publisher John Wiley & Sons, 2016
ISBN 047003548X, 9780470035481
Length 424 pages


Managing Scientific Information and Research Data
Author Svetla Baykoucheva
Publisher Chandos Publishing, 2015
ISBN 0081002378, 9780081002377
Length 162 pages


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