Date   
Re: Podhajce synagogues

Cynthia Singer
 

Yes, I agree. Thank you.
Cindy Singer


On Dec 26, 2013, at 12:39 PM, <mervinr@...> wrote:

 

Elissa—thanks so much for sharing there photographs.    Jean Rosenbaum
 
From: ejswoo@...
Sent: Wednesday, December 25, 2013 12:33 PM
Subject: Re: [podhajce] Podhajce synagogues
 
 

If anyone is looking for photographs of the Shul's exterior, I live near the Lower East Side Shul (and also remember some of its interior details from before it became an apartment building). So here are a few I've taken over the last decade.

 

https://picasaweb.google.com/109009527338097520639/PodhajcerShulInTheLowerEastSideLowerEastSideBetween1stAveAndAveAHoustonSt#

 

-Elissa Sampson

Fw: [jri-pl] Attention Brzezany, Kozowa, and Podhajce Researchers

mervinr@...
 

Wanted to be sure that Podhajce researchers saw this announcement.

Jean Rosenbaum

-----Original Message-----
From: Mark Halpern
Sent: Sunday, December 29, 2013 9:24 AM
To: JRI-Poland
Subject: [jri-pl] Attention Brzezany, Kozowa, and Podhajce Researchers

Dear Fellow Researchers:

Earlier this year, JRI-Poland restarted our indexing of Jewish vital records
at the AGAD Archive. In anticipation of great demand for the new records
from Brzezany, Kozowa, and Podhajce, we had ordered the indexing of the
following records:
Brzezany - 1905-12 births; 1905-09 deaths
Kozowa - 1903-11 births; 1891-1907 deaths
Podhajce - 1906-08 births; 1906,10 marriages; 1906-10 deaths

This indexing is now complete. However, these indices will not be placed
online for public use until we have raised the funds that have already has
been spent. We need your help. The total cost is $620 for Brzezany, $500 for
Kozowa, and $270 for Podhajce. A donation of any size would be welcomed and
appreciated. However, a contribution to any one of these towns of $75 or
more will qualify the donor to receive the Excel file for that town with all
the current indices. This Excel file will be available to qualified
contributors before the indices are placed online.

The AGAD Archive has told JRI-Poland that images of these records (those
transferred to AGAD between 2007 and 2013) will be placed online in the
first half of 2014. Links to these online images can only be placed online
if we reach the funding goals of $620 for Brzezany, $500 for Kozowa, and
$270 for Podhajce. The JRI-Poland website http://jri-poland.org/support.htm
provides instructions on how to contribute. Be sure to identify your
contribution for "AGAD-Town Name."

Join me in making this project a success and placing the indices online.

A very Happy New Year to all.

Mark Halpern
AGAD Archive Coordinator



Visit the JRI-Poland web site at http://www.jri-poland.org
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Jewish Records Indexing - Poland, Inc.is an independent non-profit
U.S. tax-exempt organization. The JRI-Poland mailing list and database
are hosted by JewishGen. JRI-Poland data is searchable on the JRI-Poland
database and is also displayed on the All-Poland database as a service
to researchers.

JRI-Poland indexing initiatives are funded by your contributions. To
support JRI-Poland and its many individual projects - such as indexing
of records from your ancestral town - please send your checks - marked
with the town name or project for which the money is being donated - to:
Jewish Records Indexing - Poland, c/o Sheila Salo, Treasurer,5607 Greenleaf
Rd., Cheverly, MD20785 or pay by credit card at:
<http://www.jri-poland.org/support.htm>

---
You are currently subscribed to jri-pl as: [mervinr@...]
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Fw: [jri-pl] Attention Brzezany, Kozowa, and Podhajce Researchers

mervinr@...
 

If you are considering a contribution toward the Podhajce indexing project of 1906-08 births, 1906 & 1910 marriages, and 1906-10 deaths  the letter below tells how to do it.
Jean Rosenbaum
________________________________________________________________________________
Sent: Tuesday, December 31, 2013 12:13 PM
 
The easiest way to contribute is using a VISA or MasterCard online at http://jri-poland.org/support.htm. We thank you in advance for your support.
 
JRI-Poland deals with vital records and our database includes index entries for records from mainly the AGAD Archive in Warsaw. There are two other sources for vital records. The Ukraine State Archive in Lviv holds some Jewish vital records. These have been microfilmed by the LDS Church and can be viewed at local Family History Centers. See https://familysearch.org/locations/centerlocator. Gesher Galicia has indexed some of these microfilms and has other types of data online at http://search.geshergalicia.org/ including some 1820~70 record indices. The Warsaw civil records office has the new records, those 100 years old or less. These are protected by privacy laws and are not available for research or indexing.
 
There are also other types of records and these can be identified by searching http://www.rtrfoundation.org/search.php by town name.
 
A contribution of $75 or more will qualify the donor to receive the Excel file with all the current indices. The Excel file of the index entries can help in two ways. First, you will have access to these entries before they are placed online. We do not place these files online until the cost of indexing is fully recovered through researcher donations. Second, the Excel file allows the researcher to sort and filter the data in ways that cannot be done wit the online database.
 
Happy New Year.
Mark
 
 





                 Visit the JRI-Poland web site at http://www.jri-poland.org
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Jewish Records Indexing - Poland, Inc.is an independent non-profit
U.S. tax-exempt organization. The JRI-Poland mailing list and database
are hosted by JewishGen. JRI-Poland data is searchable on the JRI-Poland
database and is also displayed on the All-Poland database as a service
to

.


Re: Fw: [jri-pl] Attention Brzezany, Kozowa, and Podhajce Researchers

JK
 

Interesting Polish account of Podhajce in the interwar years...detailed info on the Jewish population:

http://translate.google.at/translate?hl=de&sl=pl&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fpl.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FPodhajce



On Wednesday, January 1, 2014 1:48 AM, "mervinr@..." wrote:


If you are considering a contribution toward the Podhajce indexing project of 1906-08 births, 1906 & 1910 marriages, and 1906-10 deaths  the letter below tells how to do it.
Jean Rosenbaum
________________________________________________________________________________
Sent: Tuesday, December 31, 2013 12:13 PM
 
The easiest way to contribute is using a VISA or MasterCard online at http://jri-poland.org/support.htm. We thank you in advance for your support.
 
JRI-Poland deals with vital records and our database includes index entries for records from mainly the AGAD Archive in Warsaw. There are two other sources for vital records. The Ukraine State Archive in Lviv holds some Jewish vital records. These have been microfilmed by the LDS Church and can be viewed at local Family History Centers. See https://familysearch.org/locations/centerlocator. Gesher Galicia has indexed some of these microfilms and has other types of data online at http://search.geshergalicia.org/ including some 1820~70 record indices. The Warsaw civil records office has the new records, those 100 years old or less. These are protected by privacy laws and are not available for research or indexing.
 
There are also other types of records and these can be identified by searching http://www.rtrfoundation.org/search.php by town name.
 
A contribution of $75 or more will qualify the donor to receive the Excel file with all the current indices. The Excel file of the index entries can help in two ways. First, you will have access to these entries before they are placed online. We do not place these files online until the cost of indexing is fully recovered through researcher donations. Second, the Excel file allows the researcher to sort and filter the data in ways that cannot be done wit the online database.
 
Happy New Year.
Mark
 
 





                 Visit the JRI-Poland web site at http://www.jri-poland.org
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Jewish Records Indexing - Poland, Inc.is an independent non-profit
U.S. tax-exempt organization. The JRI-Poland mailing list and database
are hosted by JewishGen. JRI-Poland data is searchable on the JRI-Poland
database and is also displayed on the All-Poland database as a service
to

.






Re: The Lost Synagogues of Manhattan

Carol Cohen
 

thank you.  Carol Cohen

On Nov 16, 2013, at 6:37 PM, mervinr@... wrote:


Announcement has been made of the publication of the book “The Lost Synagogues of Manhattan” by Ellen Levitt.
 
Included is Congregation Masas Benjamin Anshe Podhajce/Congregation Rudeph Shalom Independent/ Podhajce.
 
To order, phone 1-800-286-8296.
 
The cost is $26.00  I have no connection with this and am sending it strictly for your information.
 
Jean Rosenbaum
 
P.S.  There is also information about this Congregation on the Podhajce website at


Re: The Lost Synagogues of Manhattan

elissa sampson
 

The Shul is also well documented in a new book by Gerard Wolfe: The Synagogues of New York's Lower East Side, a Retrospective and Contemporary view. The second edition (Fordham Press) was published in 2013. Pages 132-137 with photos. The book party was at the Tenement Museum.

Full disclosure: I helped on the research as did many others on the Lower East Side:)


On Tuesday, February 4, 2014 1:32 PM, Carol Gene Cohen wrote:
 
thank you.  Carol Cohen
On Nov 16, 2013, at 6:37 PM, mervinr@... wrote:


Announcement has been made of the publication of the book “The Lost Synagogues of Manhattan” by Ellen Levitt.
 
Included is Congregation Masas Benjamin Anshe Podhajce/Congregation Rudeph Shalom Independent/ Podhajce.
 
To order, phone 1-800-286-8296.
 
The cost is $26.00  I have no connection with this and am sending it strictly for your information.
 
Jean Rosenbaum
 
P.S.  There is also information about this Congregation on the Podhajce website at




Podhajce Videos

jerome schatten
 

Podhajcers...

Two Podhajce videos you might be interested in:

1. The great synagogue at Podhajce:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=F7HQ8JfKlTM
and
2. The Podhajce cemetery:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=QbqCYhLq0OU

*Note... these may not play on some mobile devices.

Best,
Jerome and Jean (Your list owners)

Funding needed for Podhajce records

mervinr@...
 

I wrote to Mark Halpern (the head of the Jewish Records Indexing project) about the status of Podhajce records.  His reply is shown below.  For more information or to make a contribution, please contact Mark at mark@...
 
Jean Rosenbaum
 

Sent: Wednesday, April 30, 2014 2:58 PM
Subject: Re: Podhajce records
 
Hi Jean:
 
We indexed the 1906-10 death records as a teaser to catalyze contributions. Also available are 1906-08B and 1906,10M as well as Index pages for 1902-04,06-10B, 1903-10M, 1905-08D. Some of the index pages are duplicates of the records. We need to raise $100 to index the B and M records and maybe another $100 to do the needed Index pages of missing BM and D.
 
Can you raise this amount?
 
Best regards,
Mark
 

Re: Funding needed for Podhajce records

ldyslpr46
 

How do we find out who is buried in the cemetery?


On Saturday, May 3, 2014, <mervinr@...> wrote:
 

I wrote to Mark Halpern (the head of the Jewish Records Indexing project) about the status of Podhajce records.  His reply is shown below.  For more information or to make a contribution, please contact Mark at mark@...
 
Jean Rosenbaum
 
Sent: Wednesday, April 30, 2014 2:58 PM
Subject: Re: Podhajce records
 
Hi Jean:
 
We indexed the 1906-10 death records as a teaser to catalyze contributions. Also available are 1906-08B and 1906,10M as well as Index pages for 1902-04,06-10B, 1903-10M, 1905-08D. Some of the index pages are duplicates of the records. We need to raise $100 to index the B and M records and maybe another $100 to do the needed Index pages of missing BM and D.
 
Can you raise this amount?
 
Best regards,
Mark
 



--
Even if you're on the right track, you'll get run over if you just sit there.- Will Rogers


Re: Funding needed for Podhajce records

Don
 

Where do we send contributions?


On May 4, 2014, at 9:41 AM, deb gaudet <ldyslpr46@...> wrote:

 

How do we find out who is buried in the cemetery?

On Saturday, May 3, 2014, <mervinr@...> wrote:

 

I wrote to Mark Halpern (the head of the Jewish Records Indexing project) about the status of Podhajce records.  His reply is shown below.  For more information or to make a contribution, please contact Mark at mark@...
 
Jean Rosenbaum
 
Sent: Wednesday, April 30, 2014 2:58 PM
Subject: Re: Podhajce records
 
Hi Jean:
 
We indexed the 1906-10 death records as a teaser to catalyze contributions. Also available are 1906-08B and 1906,10M as well as Index pages for 1902-04,06-10B, 1903-10M, 1905-08D. Some of the index pages are duplicates of the records. We need to raise $100 to index the B and M records and maybe another $100 to do the needed Index pages of missing BM and D.
 
Can you raise this amount?
 
Best regards,
Mark
 



--
Even if you're on the right track, you'll get run over if you just sit there.- Will Rogers


Re: Funding needed for Podhajce records

jerome schatten
 

Mark's email address is the last line in Jean's message.
jerome

On 14-05-04 09:06 AM, DONALD RIGER wrote:
Where do we send contributions?

Sent from my iPad

On May 4, 2014, at 9:41 AM, deb gaudet <ldyslpr46@...
<mailto:ldyslpr46@...>> wrote:

How do we find out who is buried in the cemetery?

On Saturday, May 3, 2014, <mervinr@...
<mailto:mervinr@...>> wrote:

I wrote to Mark Halpern (the head of the Jewish Records Indexing
project) about the status of Podhajce records. His reply is
shown below. For more information or to make a contribution,
please contact Mark at mark@...
Jean Rosenbaum
*From:* Mark Halpern
*Sent:* Wednesday, April 30, 2014 2:58 PM
*To:* mervinr@...
*Subject:* Re: Podhajce records
Hi Jean:
We indexed the 1906-10 death records as a teaser to catalyze
contributions. Also available are 1906-08B and 1906,10M as well
as Index pages for 1902-04,06-10B, 1903-10M, 1905-08D. Some of
the index pages are duplicates of the records. We need to raise
$100 to index the B and M records and maybe another $100 to do
the needed Index pages of missing BM and D.
Can you raise this amount?
Best regards,
Mark



--
Even if you're on the right track, you'll get run over if you just
sit there.- Will Rogers

In search of birth certificate for Meir Marbach

Ohad Marbach
 

Dear Podhajce group,

I am trying to find a birth certificate or any other document that would prove my Grandfather, Meir Marbach, God rest his soul, was a polish citizen, or deserves a polish citizenship.
could you help me in my search?

I already found his picture in the Podhajce book (second picture):
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/podhajce/pod097.html
I also sent emails to various libraries, with no result yet.

Sincerely,

--
Ohad Marbach
Music For Film, TV And Commercials
+972 - 507-7999684 (0507-999684)
+972 - 3-6297323 (03-6297323)

Re: In search of birth certificate for Meir Marbach

JK
 

Hi Ohad,
the Polish archive in warsaw or the Ukrainian archive in Lviv...if you tell me the purpose of proving his polish heritage, and where/when he lived, i can better assist you.
Jeff Kellner
Vienna Austria

-----Original Message-----
From: "Ohad Marbach trikolad@... [podhajce]"
Sent: 26/05/2014, 02:14
To: podhajce@...
Subject: [podhajce] In search of birth certificate for Meir Marbach




Dear Podhajce group,




I am trying to find a birth certificate or any other document that would prove my Grandfather, Meir Marbach, God rest his soul, was a polish
citizen, or deserves a polish citizenship.
could you help me in my search?




I already found his picture in the Podhajce book (second picture):
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/podhajce/pod097.html
I also sent emails to various libraries, with no result yet.








Sincerely,




--




Ohad Marbach




trikolad@...




www.ohadmarbach.com
Music For Film, TV And Commercials
+972 - 507-7999684 (0507-999684)
+972 - 3-6297323 (03-6297323)

Re: In search of birth certificate for Meir Marbach

Ohad Marbach
 

Hi Jeff,
Nice to meet you.

He lived in Podhajce since birth 1905 and until 1926 when he moved to Israel.
I need his birth certificate because I want to claim a Polish citizenship for him and then for me.
The siblings of his brother Yehoshua already did it, and have now a polish passport. but they had much more data than I do because he lived longer in Poland.

Thank you for helping,

Ohad Marbach




On Monday, May 26, 2014 8:58 AM, "jeffckellner@... [podhajce]" wrote:


 
Hi Ohad,
the Polish archive in warsaw or the Ukrainian archive in Lviv...if you tell me the purpose of proving his polish heritage, and where/when he lived, i can better assist you.
Jeff Kellner
Vienna Austria

-----Original Message-----
From: "Ohad Marbach trikolad@... [podhajce]"
Sent: 26/05/2014, 02:14
To: podhajce@...
Subject: [podhajce] In search of birth certificate for Meir Marbach

Dear Podhajce group,

I am trying to find a birth certificate or any other document that would prove my Grandfather, Meir Marbach, God rest his soul, was a polish
citizen, or deserves a polish citizenship.
could you help me in my search?

I already found his picture in the Podhajce book (second picture):
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/podhajce/pod097.html
I also sent emails to various libraries, with no result yet.

Sincerely,

--

Ohad Marbach

trikolad@...

www.ohadmarbach.com
Music For Film, TV And Commercials
+972 - 507-7999684 (0507-999684)
+972 - 3-6297323 (03-6297323)



Re: In search of birth certificate for Meir Marbach

Cynthia Singer
 

Hi Ohad,
This birth record index is for Nathan Marbach born in1905 from Podhajce

Podhajce PSA AGAD Births 1866/1894,1900,01,04,05
NOTE! no records survive - only INDEXES - Click here for more info
Tarnopol Wojewodztwo / Ukraine
(records in Fond 300 in AGAD Archive)
Located at 49°16’ 25°08’
Last updated May 2007

Please note that some of the links to the AGAD images are only APPROXIMATE and should be within a few pages of the correct image.
Use the scrolling arrow buttons at the bottom of each page to move forwards and backwards based on the year and akt number you want to view.

Click
to viewSurnameGiven NameYearTypeAktaPageIndex PageSygnaturaView Nearby ImageMARBACHChaim Juda1877B341312984View Nearby ImageMARBACHLea1886B10613986View Nearby ImageMARBACHMaryim1900B4122, 23132165View Nearby ImageMARBACHNathan1905B9348-49132457View Nearby ImageMARBACHRebeka Rachela1905B9448-49132457

Perhaps this will help.
Best,
Cynthia

On May 26, 2014, at 4:35 PM, "Ohad Marbach trikolad@... [podhajce]" <podhajce@...> wrote:

 

Hi Jeff,
Nice to meet you.

He lived in Podhajce since birth 1905 and until 1926 when he moved to Israel.
I need his birth certificate because I want to claim a Polish citizenship for him and then for me.
The siblings of his brother Yehoshua already did it, and have now a polish passport. but they had much more data than I do because he lived longer in Poland.

Thank you for helping,

Ohad Marbach




On Monday, May 26, 2014 8:58 AM, "jeffckellner@... [podhajce]" <podhajce@...> wrote:


 
Hi Ohad,
the Polish archive in warsaw or the Ukrainian archive in Lviv...if you tell me the purpose of proving his polish heritage, and where/when he lived, i can better assist you.
Jeff Kellner
Vienna Austria

-----Original Message-----
From: "Ohad Marbach trikolad@... [podhajce]"
Sent: 26/05/2014, 02:14
To: podhajce@...
Subject: [podhajce] In search of birth certificate for Meir Marbach

Dear Podhajce group,

I am trying to find a birth certificate or any other document that would prove my Grandfather, Meir Marbach, God rest his soul, was a polish
citizen, or deserves a polish citizenship.
could you help me in my search?

I already found his picture in the Podhajce book (second picture):
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/podhajce/pod097.html
I also sent emails to various libraries, with no result yet.

Sincerely,

--

Ohad Marbach

trikolad@...

www.ohadmarbach.com
Music For Film, TV And Commercials
+972 - 507-7999684 (0507-999684)
+972 - 3-6297323 (03-6297323)



One of my grandfathers...

Johnny Dangerously
 

I'm told one of my great-great-grandfathers or ancestor of some strain was mayor of Podhajce at some point in the 19th Century. His name was Samko or Simko Cieglinicki. How can I find more information about him? My dad tells me Simko  negotiated the release of 38 Jews who were held by the Nazis. I'd like to know more about that episode. Thanks.

Chris Soboleski
50% Polish; son of 100% Polish father

Looking for Margulies/Margolis/Margolies - Great Grand Parents

Ari Margulies
 

 
Today at 6:25 PM
Hello,

I'm working on my family tree and my great grandparents are from Podhajce. Much of my family perished in the Holocaust.
Hirsch (Tzvi) and Ita Margulies where my great grandparents. I've seen the spelling either Margolies, Margulies or Margolis. Their Son Simcha was my grandfathers (Abraham) brother. Along with Iro, Irene and Yosuf.
Simcha survived and moved to Israel in the 50's, my grandfather Abraham also survived as he left Podhajce early with his wife Ita. Iro, Irene, Yosuf  (his two other brothers and one sister) and their entire families where murdered in the holocaust.
I'm looking for the following:
  1. Dates of birth/Death
  2. Birth Certificates
  3. Graves
  4. Marriage certificates
And anything else which could help me get past this brick wall that I've hit.
Thanks for any support or suggestions possible.

Ari




--
-Ari

Ukrainian American accused of Pidhaitsi war crimes

JK
 

This story reveals the fact that wartime Ukrainian auxiliaries participated in anti-Ukrainian terror as well:


 
 

Re: Ukrainian American accused of Pidhaitsi war crimes

jerome schatten
 

Jeff...

A very interesting post -- even more interesting is that the word 'Jew' or 'Jewish' appeared nowhere in the article that I could find. Even when discussing the Warsaw uprising... only 'civilians' were involved. So... once again, history is sanitized and the Jews have been re-categorised as mmm... 'civilians'.  

Magnificent work by the Daily Mail -- Feh!

Jerome 

Re: Ukrainian American accused of Pidhaitsi war crimes

JK
 

Hello,

Jews aren't mentioned because the Ukrainian auxiliaries clearly murdered Ukrainians (and presumably Poles) in the crime mentioned in the article.

By '43 the town's Jews were all dead, hiding, slave laborers* or had fled. 

The significance of this article is that the Ukrainians have to once again tend with the historical
fact that their right-wing supporters during the war played an important role in supporting the kind of
Nazi terror that resulted in the death of thousands of their own people.

When I visited Pidhaitsi in 2000 and 2001, I was received warmly by the locals. Many attested to the decent prewar relations experienced 
between the towns three minorities. My grandparents recall a similar attitude of acceptance.

A Ukrainian family in Pidhaitsi invited me to their house where they gave me a copy of the Righteous Gentile certificate they received
after appreciative Jewish Pidhaitsers petitioned Vad Yashem to award them the status. The family's elder lost her
mother (a Ms. Sikorski) after it was discovered that the woman had hid the Jewish Kessler boys (a Ukrainian neighbor informed on them).

There was sympathy and regret expressed to me.

It is also important to add that the Ukrainian fascists also murdered and expelled 100,000s of Poles and Czechs from the region, culminating in the crime known as Operation Vistula. That is why, apart from the synagog in Pidhaitsi, a Polish church remains in ruins, a testament to the large Polish community
that once lived in Galicia and Volhynia.

The synagogue of Pidhaitsi was recently cleaned and locked up, an improvement from when I last saw it (in 2000 it was left open, its floor covered in detritus). Someone replaced the roof sometime before 2000, which is promising (the Polish ruin, by comparison, has since lost what was left of its roof, this despite the fact that Poles w/Pidhaitsky roots visit the ruin every year).

I sent money to Meylakh Shekhet in Lviv and he managed to get most of the cemetery enclosed by a fence (to prevent animal grazing). I suspect he or some Chassidic organization re-sanctified the grave of that famous rabbi, figured here in a Ukrainian news piece:


Judging from the interview at the ned with a priest, it appears even the Ukrainian church is beginning to understand the significance of the town's Jewish culture...a promising step, if Ukraine is to join the EU they will have to resolve a couple of bad attitudes.

regards,
Jeff

*Local Pidhajcer, a Dr. Milch wrote about his slave labor experiences in a book.


On Saturday, October 4, 2014 10:37 PM, "romers@... [podhajce]" wrote:




Jeff...

A very interesting post -- even more interesting is that the word 'Jew' or 'Jewish' appeared nowhere in the article that I could find. Even when discussing the Warsaw uprising... only 'civilians' were involved. So... once again, history is sanitized and the Jews have been re-categorised as mmm... 'civilians'.  

Magnificent work by the Daily Mail -- Feh!

Jerome