Hi folks. Just thought I'd share our end of year update with y'all.

Andrew Olshin

 Living Unit                Village Site Plan         Mngr House   Desks by Dan   Mini-kitchen

            December   2022     UPDATE
Dear Friends of Cascadia Clusters:

Hi.  5+ years of hands-on research developing villages for houseless Portlanders, while training the end-users in the construction trades has prepared us to broaden and deepen our mission.

Our New Mission
Cascadia Clusters is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit developing and implementing opportunities for houseless individuals and individuals in recovery to gain valuable construction skills so they can build infrastructure that addresses service gaps in their own communities.
We now have the flexability to hire and train individuals in recovery (many of whom have been homeless) to help build, develop, manage and live in alternative shelter villages of movable structures.  

Our New Project
We are partnering with the Arabic Life Church (16001 NE Glisan) to develop the 12&12 Village on Glisan.  It will be the first sober living village in Portland complete with 7 double-occupancy lofted, insulated, heated, ventilated, well lit, stick-built Tiny Homes On Pierstones (THOPs). 
Our 30 ft. Double WashPod is getting a mini-kitchen and a “makeover”.  It will serve the community with showers and laundry.  So will the mobile office we turned into a home for the village manager.
An enclosed “outdoor” kitchen, community space, and bathroom with flush-toilets will be built.
Similar to an Oxford House, 12&12 Village on Glisan will be democratically run and communally sustained.  Residents will be required to contribute their time for communal chores and an approximately $300 monthly fee. Our vision is to stand up multiple sites across the metro area with small cluster villages.

If you are interested in helping out in any way, please contact us (https://www.cascadiaclusters.org/contact) or contribute (https://www.cascadiaclusters.org/support)   Thanks for taking the time to read this.

Andy Olshin
Founder, Executive Director
(503) 407-8494

On Dec 11, 2022, at 6:46 AM, Liz Smith <lizspdx@...> wrote:

In today's Oregonian, "Can tiny homes initiative make a dent in Chicago’s homelessness crisis?"

On Sun, Nov 20, 2022 at 11:26 AM Mark Lakeman via groups.io <trout=communitecture.net@groups.io> wrote:
Hi Victory,

Thanks for that update on advisory council 
history. Can you please say a bit more? The 
last I knew of the advisory council, it was 
comprised of Israel Bayer, Marc Jolin, and 
me. The only time we had engaged the village 
around some actions was during a precarious 
time when the three of us "ran interference" 
to prevent the city council from shutting down 
the village over rumours of deal breaking 
problems at the village. We met with the 
village to walk through the issues and some 
steps were taken to address the issues.

It sounds as if a new advisory council may 
have been created since then, and then other 
problems may have arisen then? Please help 
me catch up. Thanks always.
Mark Lakeman

Mark Lakeman, Principal & Design Lead                                  Mark Lakeman, Co-Founder
1421 SE Division St | Portland, OR 97202 | t: 503.230.1293               c: 503.381.5885 |  www.cityrepair.org
c: 503.381.5885 | trout@... 


                                                                       City Repair

On Thu, Nov 17, 2022 at 1:16 PM Victory LaFara <vlafara@...> wrote:
Just a quick correction to this article, we have not had an advisory council for many years. The Advisory Council was dissolved years ago after members of that council tried to coerce the village into changing its rules in a way that violated the Villagers' values. Our position on the rule in question has since come to prevail as evidence based best practices. We do not endorse the idea of an advisory council and see that as a failed structure. We've been doing excellent with our own internally elected council and board officers.

On Thu, Nov 17, 2022 at 11:09 AM Tim McCormick <tmccormick@...> wrote:
To: Alternative Shelter Network, PDX Shelter Forum
Bcc: Mark Lakeman, Communitecture; Todd Ferry, PSU.

just out from Next City
Article is copied below. 

This is timely, eg for the Portland City Council hearing 2pm
today on Fall budget revisions/requests ('BMP') including particularly that for "Designated Camping Sites". (agenda item 979, see materials & video link at 
https://www.portland.gov/council/agenda/2022/11/16). I am scheduled to testify, 2nd of 54 people signed up. 

Points to consider:  
1) how might, or why wouldn't, new Portland "camping sites" initiative use models already in use  successfully, cost-effectively, & self-governingly at eg Dignity Village and Right 2 Dream Too?  

2) Could and should 'campuses' on the proposed scale (up to 250 people) be made up of multiple smaller, say 25-50 person,  autonomous villages, with self-governance? 

3) How about facilitating siting/building of movable housing at these locations? Eg with Cascadia Clusters (cascadiaclusters.org)'s model of hiring & training people currently/formerly unhoused to build. 

In Portland’s Self-Governed Dignity Village, The Unhoused Make Their Own Rules

Leaders of the 20-year-old self-run community, sanctioned by the city of Portland, say it’s reached stability. The city’s aggressive new camping ban could throw that into disarray.


A Dignity Village home in 2005. (Photo by Cheryl / CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

Lisa Larson, 57, was left homeless after leaving an abusive relationship in Portland, Oregon, over a decade ago. She and her current partner, whom she met during this time, spent a year sleeping in abandoned houses, parks and public places, and were twice arrested for criminal trespassing. On the streets, they heard about a different kind of space for unsheltered people like themselves: a community by and for the unhoused with its own plot of land, sanctioned by the city but not run by it, a 40-minute bus ride from Portland’s downtown. They put their names on a waitlist and moved there in 2010. They’ve been at Dignity Village ever since. 

Larson now serves as the village’s outreach coordinator and was elected to serve as the council’s vice chairwoman. The village, which was birthed over 20 years ago in response to the demands of unhoused activists, is the first sanctioned, self-run village for unhoused residents in the country. It remains one of very few communities of its kind in North America.

Residents in Dignity Village pay $75 a month to live there and put in 10 hours a week of work on village business, which includes cleaning, maintenance and paperwork. Residents of the village, which holds about 65 people and grows to about 80 people in the winter, abide by a small set of rules ratified by members. Violating those rules can lead to a temporary or, in worst case scenarios, lifelong ban. Residents can stay for as long as they like; the average stay is currently about a year and a half. 

On Nov. 3, Portland’s city council approved an aggressive citywide camping ban as well as a plan to herd many of the city’s unsheltered residents into six sanctioned camps of 250 people each. By forcing people off of the streets, the plan could mean the village, which currently has a modest waitlist of three people, could be overwhelmed with requests. It could also lead many of the city’s unsheltered population to be jailed, forced into congregate shelter or driven away from the city.

It’s precisely the type of future Dignity Village was founded to avoid.

“I know a lot of people who don’t want to go to what they’re starting to already call internment camps,” Larson says. “To house that many people in a few small areas, it’s going to be insanity.”

A hostility toward encampments has ramped up since the beginning of the pandemic, as housing insecurity and social dislocation have led to an uptick in people sleeping outdoors. It’s a familiar scenario for Dignity Village, whose founding hearkens to an era 20 years ago when unhoused activists, sick of being scapegoated and harassed, made a largely successful stand for their own autonomy.

A Dignity Village home in 2005. (Photo by Cheryl / CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

After a previous citywide camping ban was ruled unconstitutional in September of 2000, a group of unhoused people founded the “Out of the Doorways” movement, militantly opposing sweeps and asking the city to permit a self-governed tent city for unhoused people. The movement was supported by Street Roots, a Portland newspaper written by housed and unhoused journalists and sold by people experiencing homelessness.

An editor at Street Roots enlisted Mark Lakeman, an architect with an interest in community-run spaces and founder of the nonprofit The City Repair Project. Lakeman convinced the group that the term “village” would more clearly reflect the type of space they envisioned – and would be more well-received by the public. 

In December of 2000, the residents of what was then called “Camp Dignity” placed themselves under the Fremont Bridge. For the next 10 months, the group was dispersed by police but continued regrouping, often intentionally doing so in crowded public spaces and near affluent development where standoffs could get the most attention, Lakeman says. Less than a year later, the city council permitted the group a fenced-in asphalt patch of land in its leaf-composting operation, a solution that was only approved for 60 days while the city council negotiated with residents on something more long-term, according to a New York Times report. The site was continually reauthorized, eventually becoming permanent, its tarpaulin tents upgraded to tiny homes. 

The early village was a combination of DIY architecture, built by residents and Americorps volunteers and designed by Lakeman to be ecologically sound. The city added sewage lines, power and provided sanitation. The space was initially rented from the city, though land is now inhabited at no cost. The $75 that residents pay each month goes to maintenance and operations. 

Todd Ferry, a researcher with Portland State University’s Homelessness Research and Action Collaborative, has studied Dignityand other villages it inspired (such as Opportunity Village in Eugene, Oregon). He says the city realized that by giving the community autonomy and providing support when needed it would save itself money and bureaucratic burden. 

“It needs to have some support and needs to be able to stay but, no, the city largely stays out,” he says.

The community strives to be economically self-sufficient. Dignity has set up several recycling-based businesses with the city’s help, including an agreement wherein residents chop and sell excess wood provided by loggers. While the village has an advisory council, of which Lakeman is a member, he says they rarely meet. Residents have been reluctant to accept any direct funding from the city and have rejected any attempt at sharing leadership from either elected officials or outside nonprofits. The village incorporated as a 501(c)3 to sign legal agreements with the city.

The city does pay for a single employee: a program specialist who helps with bookkeeping and administrative needs. This role is the only one occupied by someone who does not live in Dignity Village; all of the community’s other needs are handled by residents as part of their 10 hours of work. Lakeman says this role was accepted reluctantly by members after the village ran into financial problems.

More recently, Larson says, the village recently applied for and has received several grants. She’s optimistic about their finances. “We’re actually sitting financially pretty solid right now,” she says. “Many years ago when I was treasurer, I was basically having to rob from Peter to pay Paul on every monthly bill.”

The village occasionally ejects residents who break community rules, but Larson says they try to give people the benefit of the doubt. These rules remain more or less unchanged two decades after the community’s founding: no fighting, no disruptive behavior. There was previously a stringent ban on alcohol and illicit drugs, but this prohibition has since been relaxed to accommodate the reality of people struggling with addiction, a change that required buy-in from the city. Now people are permitted to use drugs and alcohol in their own pods, so long as they don’t bring it out in the open. 

“If you did not have a drug or alcohol problem before you hit the streets, by the time you find a place like Dignity Village, you probably do have a problem with it,” Larson says. She says residents help each other out with peer support and peer counseling for addiction.

The village has had its share of critics over the years, particularly in its early years. Some still criticize the site for not focusing on rapid rehousing or transitioning to permanent housing, although that is not the village’s stated goal. Residents can stay as long as they like: Larson and her partner have been there for 12 years, and another resident has been there for 17, she says. Mobile service providers from the nonprofit JOIN provide housing assistance for those who want it. 

A crucial aspect of the village model is that residents have agency, Ferry says. The spaces are voluntary; residents can leave and there are few barriers to entry. It is hard to imagine any of these approaches being replicated in the planned 6 mega encampments the city is looking to build. 

“These solutions have been tried, they don’t work,” Ferry says of the new camping ban. He says he studied the role that size plays in a successful village of unhoused people. According to his research, the ideal number of people to maintain community cohesion is 25.

“I do think that a village model with a reasonable number of people would be much more desirable than massive camps that are often compared by the houseless community to internment camps,” he says.

Lakeman says he’s met with Mayor Wheeler many times and walked him through the village model but found him evasive. “It’s been so frustrating,” he says. “Before you even create these hugely expensive and politically volatile villages, why not just help people where they are?”

Larson is disturbed by the city’s plan. She believes it will put more strain on Dignity Village and exacerbate problems for the rest of Portland’s unhoused community. She is even sympathetic to some of the complaints that have led to this moment: She sees RV campers proliferating and waste being left behind, but says there are better ways to handle it than to herd people into encampments.

She has friends still out on the streets, one of whom told her he’s prepared to go to jail rather than the city-run camp. “Everyone deserves a safe place to put their head at night, and a safe place to be. And those encampments are not going to be that safe, not with the amount of people that they have in them,” Larson says.

She sees no way for the city’s camps to offer residents any real control. “You know, you let the people make their own rules,” she says. “You let the people decide what direction their community is going to go in.”

Tim McCormick
Housing Alternatives Network
+1 503.334.1894. 

Victory LaFara, MSW (they/them/theirs) Why do pronouns matter?
Village Program Specialist
c: 971.413.2807

Click here or click here to support JOIN's critical work or Dignity Village with a one-time or recurring gift!