Digest for dialogue@scienceforpeace.org - 7 updates in 6 topics

abraham Weizfeld PhD


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William Browett <bbrowett@...>: Mar 20 10:29AM -0400

I expect most are aware of the release today of the SYNTHESIS REPORT OF THE IPCC SIXTH ASSESSMENT REPORT (AR6): Summary for Policymakers
Here are some links, including a link to a Toronto Star article. I’ve also posted these links to the Science for Peace Facebook Group.
At the very least, clearly Canada has to step up ... stop the fossil fuel industry subsidies; dramatically reduce fossil fuel extraction and use; and take these released resources into the major tasks of expanding the transition from fossil fuels to electrification of our economy.
Secretary-General's video message for press conference to launch the Synthesis Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
AR6 Synthesis Report Climate Change 2023
From the Toronto Star article: "In the time it will take a current fifth-grader to graduate high school, the world needs to realize massive, rapid and sustained cuts to greenhouse gas emissions in order to yank the planet back from the brink of disastrous climate change consequences, according to a major United Nations report.”
In Peace, Skén:nen, Bill Browett
bbrowett@... <mailto:bbrowett@...>
226-663-0683 [Mobile: (519) 670-7190]
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“Peace cannot be kept by force; it can only be achieved by understanding.” ― Albert Einstein <http://www.goodreads.com/author/show/9810.Albert_Einstein> while struggling with … E. O. Wilson ”We exist in a bizarre combination of Stone Age emotions, medieval beliefs, and god-like technology."

Phyllis Creighton <phyllis.creighton@...>: Mar 19 09:40PM -0400

Remember 9/11 and the Iraq war?
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Phyllis Creighton <phyllis.creighton@...>: Mar 19 08:36PM -0400

The article on Montengro activists describes some interesting NVA.
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Phyllis Creighton <phyllis.creighton@...>: Mar 19 06:28PM -0400

With thanks to Ken Hiebert.

Phyllis Creighton <phyllis.creighton@...>: Mar 19 06:15PM -0400

With thanks to Adele Buckley
*Biden and Trudeau need to talk about the Arctic*
Associated Press/John McConnico
In 2016, then-President Barak Obama and Canadian Prime Minister Justin
Trudeau <https://thehill.com/people/justin-trudeau/>of Canada jointly
charted a new course for collaborative leadership in the Arctic. With the
motivation provided by our shared borders, close economic ties and the
common challenges faced by the Indigenous peoples in both countries whose
culture and way of life has flourished in this remote part of the world for
thousands of years, Canada and the United States have played a pivotal role
in promoting solutions to shared challenges in the Arctic. Now is the time
for the two nations to reaffirm their commitment to work together to meet
the growing climate-linked challenges in their far North, from intensifying
wildfires and thawing permafrost, to plant and animal impacts imperiling
Indigenous subsistence and cultures, to a changing Arctic Ocean and all
that this entails for the region and the globe.
Fortunately, when President Biden visits Trudeau for two days next week
there should be time for them to discuss not only the currently compelling
geopolitical challenges around relations with Russia and China but also
what more the United States and Canada can do together to address the
slower growing but increasingly critical problems being imposed by climate
change on the North American Arctic. A good initial focus for this
discussion would be the Central Artic Ocean (CAO), given its high relevance
to the interests of both countries and the immense role it plays in impacts
of climate change both regionally and globally.
The Central Arctic Ocean (CAO) is more than 1 million square miles of
international waters surrounding the North Pole. Its border is formed by
the 200 nautical-mile line drawn from the shores of the five Arctic coastal
states: Canada, the Kingdom of Denmark (on behalf of Greenland), Norway,
Russia and the United States. For nearly all of the tenure of human beings
on this planet, the CAO has been covered with a multi-meter layer of
floating sea ice. That has made it the least-studied ocean area on Earth
but also one of the most consequential in its influence on the global
climate. That influence comes in large part from the sea ice’s high
reflectivity, which sends most incoming sunlight back to space, cooling the
region and the planet below what temperature would be if the area covered
by ice were open water or land instead (which is far less reflective than
The enhancement, by the ice, of the temperature difference between the CAO
and the equator also plays a major role in atmospheric circulation and
ocean currents in the Northern Hemisphere, further influencing climate in
the regions where most of the world’s people live.
The human-caused changes in global climate have hit the Arctic particularly
hard, warming it three to four times faster than the global average. Summer
sea ice melting has accelerated, refreezing takes place later each year,
and sea ice thickness is greatly diminished. This warming has accelerated a
cascade of changes and stressors for ocean life in the Arctic, including
crashes in fish, marine mammal and seabird populations in some northern
seas, as well as in-migration of new species into the Arctic. Indigenous
and other coastal communities that have relied on the productivity of the
Arctic Ocean are faced with accelerating challenges to food security,
increased dangers while pursuing cultural practice, and catastrophic
coastal erosion exacerbated by the retreat of the sea ice. As the existing
fabric of life in the Arctic frays, there is still inadequate scientific
understanding of how the ecosystem will evolve in an increasingly warm and
ice-free sea.
Despite this lack of scientific understanding of all that is happening and
likely to happen in the future in the CAO, there is much interest by global
actors in how the most visible changes can be exploited economically. China
is extolling a shipping route
the CAO as part of its Belt and Road Initiative, a sprawling plan to rework
global trading patterns. The five nations bordering the CAO are laying
claim to the seabed all the way to the North Pole in the hopes of finding
mineral wealth in the CAO sea bed in the future. But the risks to the CAO
from these schemes have neither been studied adequately nor accounted for
in national planning: air pollution (including black carbon emissions that
amplify melting of sea ice), noise and water pollution from ships and ice
breakers, as well as the risk of catastrophic fuel and oil spills in case
of accidents. The effects on whales, seals, fish, seabirds, plankton and
other components of the Arctic food web are unknown and, at present,
unknowable. But even relatively small-scale industrial operations much
closer to shore in the Arctic have resulted in habitat loss, avoidance
behavior by species and changes to migration patterns.
In response to one piece of these challenges, the United States and Canada
led a successful effort to craft an international agreement to prevent the
start of commercial fishing in the CAO while scientific studies are
undertaken to learn about life in this ocean. It was a unique, but simple
solution: Do the science first, then think about fishing later when the
information exists to do it right. The resulting International Arctic
Fisheries Agreement, negotiated during the Obama administration and signed
by the Trump administration, gave the world hope that some of the mistakes
made in other ocean areas might be avoided in the Arctic. Biden
<https://thehill.com/people/biden/>should take the opportunity of his visit
to Canada to keep this hope alive by working with Trudeau to describe a
new, more comprehensive management vision for the Central Arctic Ocean.
As we noted above, the challenges in the CAO are only a part of the array
of Arctic issues that could be addressed more successfully by continued
joint effort between our two countries. But we are hopeful that next week’s
Ottawa meeting will at least use a focus on the CAO to make a start on what
will become a North American Arctic Agenda for the 21st century.
*Fran Ulmer is senior fellow in the Arctic Initiative at the Harvard
Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs,
former chair of the U.S. Arctic Research Commission, as well as former
lieutenant governor of Alaska.*
*John Holdren is research professor at the Kennedy School, co-chair of the
Arctic Initiativ, and President Obama’s science adviser from 2009 until

Arnd Jurgensen <ajurgensen@...>: Mar 19 04:13PM -0400

Thanks Bill,
A very interesting discussion. I find Ritter, with his US marine corp attitude and demeanour a bit hard to take but he’s certainly been through the ringer of U.S. politics and his observations are always worth listening to, including here. It is amazing how little resistance the Biden admin is getting from “progressives” that one might have expected to be critical of U.S. foreign policy in general and with respect to Ukraine in particular.

William Browett <bbrowett@...>: Mar 19 04:21PM -0400

re: “I find Ritter, with his US marine corp attitude and demeanour a bit hard to take ….”
I get that Scott can be very “in your face … “ Having said this I find his attitude and demeanour refreshingly honest and open, especially his willingness to deal with the consequences of standing up for integrity. Then again, I grew up in the steel town working class of Hamilton, by this standard, Scott would not have stood out. For me transitioning to the “civility” of academia was a huge cultural shock. Such is life.
Regards, Bill Browett
bbrowett@...  <mailto:bbrowett@...>
226-663-0683 [Mobile: (519) 670-7190]
586 PRINCESS AV,  <https://www.google.ca/maps/place/586+Princess+Ave,+London,+ON+N6B+2B9/@42.992818,-81.2347173,17z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m2!3m1!1s0x882ef20a1a6ff8c1:0x8c2374f523894845>
LONDON ON N6B 2B9 <https://www.google.ca/maps/place/586+Princess+Ave,+London,+ON+N6B+2B9/@42.992818,-81.2347173,17z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m2!3m1!1s0x882ef20a1a6ff8c1:0x8c2374f523894845>
Three things in human life are important. The first is to be kind. The second is to be kind. And the third is to be kind. Henry James <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_James>, (1843-1916)
combines well with … Hanlon’s Razor (revised): <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hanlon's_razor> “Never attribute to malice that which is adequately explained by mistakes.” … (honest or otherwise)
… and unfortunately … E. O. Wilson ”We exist in a bizarre combination of Stone Age emotions, medieval beliefs, and god-like technology."