INFORMATION LITERACY : MEDIA LITERACY : BIASED NEWS : PREJUDICE : RACISM : WAR ON WOMEN : PREJUDICE : MISINFORMATION : BLATANT FALSEHOODS : DISTORTIONS : FEAR MONGERING : TELEVISION NEWS: Fox News: A Media Literacy Expedition Adventure and Learning Tool

David P. Dillard
 






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INFORMATION LITERACY : 

MEDIA LITERACY : 

BIASED NEWS : 

PREJUDICE : 

RACISM : 

WAR ON WOMEN : 

PREJUDICE : 

MISINFORMATION : 

BLATANT FALSEHOODS : 

DISTORTIONS : 

FEAR MONGERING : 

TELEVISION NEWS: 

Fox News: A Media Literacy Expedition Adventure and Learning Tool


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Fox News: A Media Literacy Expedition Adventure and Learning Tool

 

Contents

1 Accusations of bias
1.1 Political figures
1.2 Media figures
1.3 Media watchdogs
2 Ownership and management
3 Reports, polls, surveys and studies
3.1 Polls and surveys
3.2 Studies and reports
3.2.1 Content analysis studies
3.2.2 Studies of reporting bias
3.2.3 Tests of knowledge of Fox viewers
4 Internal memos and e-mail
4.1 Daily memos
4.2 Bill Sammon e-mail
5 Wikipedia edits
6 Photo manipulation
7 9/12 newspaper ad controversy
8 Obama administration conflict with Fox News
9 Video footage manipulation
10 ISIL video
11 Criticisms of pundits
11.1 Notable pundits
11.2 Discredited military and counterterrorism editor
12 Other criticisms
12.1 Criticism of media coverage
12.2 Criticism of individuals
13 Fox News responses to criticism
14 See also
15 References
16 External links

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fox_News_Channel_controversies

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Statements made on FOX

True17 (10%) (17)
Mostly True20 (12%) (20)
Half True31 (19%) (31)
Mostly False34 (21%) (34)
False48 (29%) (48)
Pants on Fire15 (9%)

http://www.politifact.com/punditfact/tv/fox/

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The Most Biased Name in News
Fox News Channel's extraordinary right-wing tilt
By Seth Ackerman

http://fair.org/extra/the-most-biased-name-in-news/

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Fact Tank - Our Lives in Numbers
January 14, 2014
5 facts about Fox News
By Jesse Holcomb
Pew Research Center

Fox News was very tough on the last Democratic candidate for president. (But MSNBC was even tougher on the Republican).

The Fox News audience skews more ideological than that of its two main competitors.

Fox News is expensive.

Fox still leads in audience, but that audience is smaller than it used to be.

Fox outspends its rivals.

http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2014/01/14/five-facts-about-fox-news/

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Fourteen Propaganda Techniques Fox "News" Uses to Brainwash Americans
Saturday, 02 July 2011 04:17
By Dr Cynthia Boaz,
Truthout
News Analysis

Panic Mongering.
Character Assassination/Ad Hominem.
Projection/Flipping
Rewriting History.
Scapegoating/Othering
Conflating Violence With Power and Opposition to Violence With Weakness.
Bullying.
Confusion.
Populism.
Invoking the Christian God.
Disparaging Education.
Guilt by Association.

" In considering these tactics and their possible effects on American public discourse, it is important to note that historically, those who've genuinely accessed truth have never berated those who did not. You don't get honored by history when you beat up your opponent: look at Martin Luther King Jr., Robert Kennedy, Abraham Lincoln. These men did not find the need to engage in othering, ad homeinum attacks, guilt by association or bullying. This is because when a person has accessed a truth, they are not threatened by the opposing views of others. This reality reveals the righteous indignation of people like Glenn Beck, Bill O'Reilly and Sean Hannity as a symptom of untruth. These individuals are hostile and angry precisely because they don't feel confident in their own veracity. And in general, the more someone is losing their temper in a debate and the more intolerant they are of listening to others, the more you can be certain they do not know what they're talking about.

One final observation. Fox audiences, birthers and Tea Partiers often defend their arguments by pointing to the fact that a lot of people share the same perceptions. This is a reasonable point to the extent that Murdoch's News Corporation reaches a far larger audience than any other single media outlet. But, the fact that a lot of people believe something is not necessarily a sign that it's true; it's just a sign that it's been effectively marketed."

http://tinyurl.com/l7n4alq

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 ‘Pants On Fire’: Analysis Shows 60% Of Fox News ‘Facts’ Are Really Lies
Fox News leads the major TV networks in broadcasting lies, but that doesn’t mean CNN or MSNBC are far behind.
By Mint Press News Desk
May 12, 2015

http://tinyurl.com/of22l86

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The Science of Fox News: Why Its Viewers Are the Most Misinformed
Authoritarian people have a stronger emotional need for an outlet like Fox, where they can find affirmation and escape factual challenges to their beliefs.
By Chris Mooney / AlterNet
October 20, 2014
AlterNet

http://tinyurl.com/qy9cke8

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Content Sample

Remember When Fox News Used To Pretend It Wasn't A Political Operation?
Love Fox News, Hate Immigration Reform
Confirmation Bias and the Ethical Demands of Argumentation
Valerie Jarrett: 'Of Course' Fox News Is Biased (VIDEO)
Fox News Graphic Shows Men Shooting At Obama, McCain
Thompson Charges Fox News Is Biased Against His Campaign

http://tinyurl.com/jxedv42

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"The language Fox News uses when discussing Blacks killed by police is beyond despicable!"

https://www.facebook.com/FoxNewsLiesOfTheDay/

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The Quarterly Journal of Economics
The Fox News Effect: Media Bias and Voting* Stefano Della Vigna and Ethan Kaplan
FROM The Quarterly Journal of Economics
(2007) 122 (3): 1187-1234. doi: 10.1162/qjec.122.3.1187

http://qje.oxfordjournals.org/content/122/3/1187.short

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New Study Finds That Fox News Is Brainwashing Viewers And Hurting The Republican Party
By Jason Easley
on Tue, May 19th, 2015 at 9:48 am

http://tinyurl.com/lpouzae

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NEWS :
MEDIA :
TELEVISION: NEWS :
OBJECTIVITY :
NEWS: BIASED AND SLANTED REPORTING :
INFORMATION LITERACY :
NEWS LITERACY:
Are Fox News Viewers Less Informed? One University Study Says Yes
Published: Tuesday, November 22, 2011, 11:00 AM
Updated: Tuesday, November 22, 2011, 12:49 PM
By Lou Gulino,
Syracuse.com

          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/37180

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"fox news" AND (objectivity OR bias OR accuracy OR false OR unbiased OR opinion OR propaganda)

http://tinyurl.com/7gumwgh

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MEDIA BIAS AND SLANTED COVERAGE :
JOURNALISM :
NEWS: BROADCASTS :
BUSINESS: COMPANIES: NAMED COMPANIES: FOX NEWS:
Obama Slams Fox News In Bill O'Reilly Interview
(VIDEO)
The Huffington Post
by Ashley Alman
Posted: 02/02/2014 5:11 pm EST
Updated: 02/03/2014 11:59 am EST

http://tinyurl.com/k6uo3fa

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less...

https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/Net-Gold/conversations/topics/36159

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Megyn Kelly Starts Ball Rolling On Smearing Freddie Gray
By Expat Girl
Saturday May 02, 2015 · 12:49 PM EST
Daily KOS

http://tinyurl.com/lbvfmbv

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http://tinyurl.com/k282afl

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less...

http://tinyurl.com/mnj9sjm

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http://tinyurl.com/q4s6jz9

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http://tinyurl.com/ne7pwzn

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Fox News and Police Brutality Reporting FROM Temple Summon Search
SOURCE TYPE

Audio Recording 3
Book / eBook 1,316
Book Chapter 2
Book Review 2
Dissertation 12
Journal Article 22
Magazine Article 20
Newsletter 1
Newspaper Article 133
Reference 4
Report 1
Trade Publication Article 3
Transcript 33
Web Resource 2

http://tinyurl.com/lcd5djr

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DellaVigna, Stefano, and Ethan Kaplan. The Fox News effect: Media bias and voting. No. w12169. National Bureau of Economic Research, 2006.

http://tinyurl.com/hoyhwwo

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Hopkins, Daniel J., and Jonathan McDonald Ladd. "The consequences of broader media choice: evidence from the expansion of Fox News." Available at SSRN 2070596 (2013).

http://tinyurl.com/hlj2vn2

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Groeling, Tim. "Who's the fairest of them all? An empirical test for partisan bias on ABC, CBS, NBC, and Fox News."
Presidential Studies Quarterly
38, no. 4 (2008): 631-657.

http://tinyurl.com/jg8wqvf

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Morris, Jonathan S. "Slanted objectivity? Perceived media bias, cable news exposure, and political attitudes." Social Science Quarterly 88, no. 3 (2007): 707-728.

http://tinyurl.com/juptd4r

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Ackerman, Seth. "The most biased name in news: Fox News Channel’s extraordinary right-wing tilt’." A special FAIR report. Available on-line: http://www. fair. org/extra/0108/Fox-main. html (2001).

http://tinyurl.com/zb63wuf

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Weatherly, Jeffrey N., Thomas V. Petros, Kimberly M. Christopherson, and Erin N. Haugen. "Perceptions of political bias in the headlines of two major news organizations." The Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics 12, no. 2 (2007): 91-104.

http://tinyurl.com/hhnpv2x

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Franken, Al. Lies: and the lying liars who tell them: a fair and balanced look at the Right. Penguin, 2004.

http://tinyurl.com/jazzs8e

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Connolly, William E. "The evangelical-capitalist resonance machine." Political Theory 33, no. 6 (2005): 869-886.

http://tinyurl.com/gtdxuwr

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Brock, David. The Republican noise machine: Right-wing media and how it corrupts democracy. Three Rivers Press (CA), 2005.

http://tinyurl.com/jbbg4mx

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Farhi, Paul. "Everybody Wins: Fox News Channel and CNN are often depicted as desperate rivals locked in a death match. In fact, the cable networks aren't even playing the same game. There's no reason they both can't flourish." American Journalism Review 25, no. 3 (2003): 32-38.

http://tinyurl.com/hyj7zj2

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Morris, Jonathan S. "The Fox news factor." The Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics 10, no. 3 (2005): 56-79.

http://tinyurl.com/zozjq9y

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Jones, Jeffrey P. "Fox News and the performance of ideology." Cinema Journal 51, no. 4 (2012): 178-185.

http://tinyurl.com/hty4t2y

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Alterman, Eric. What liberal media?:
The truth about bias and the news. Basic Books, 2008.

http://tinyurl.com/hxeyt8e

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Williamson, Vanessa, Theda Skocpol, and John Coggin. "The Tea Party and the remaking of Republican conservatism." Perspectives on Politics 9, no. 01 (2011): 25-43.

http://tinyurl.com/h6vlqew

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Journals: Right (Conservative)
Magazines: Right (Conservative)
Newspapers: Right (Conservative)

http://libguides.libraries.wsu.edu/c.php?g=294288&p=1960044

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http://libguides.mtaloy.edu/journalism/biasinjournalism

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Conason, Joe. Big lies: The right-wing propaganda machine and how it distorts the truth. Macmillan, 2004.

http://tinyurl.com/z6cpxtp

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Chiang, Chun-Fang, and Brian Knight. "Media bias and influence: Evidence from newspaper endorsements." The Review of Economic Studies (2011): rdq037.

http://tinyurl.com/jcdh7xf

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Calabrese, Andrew. "Casus Belli US Media and the Justification of the Iraq War." Television & New Media 6, no. 2 (2005): 153-175.

http://tinyurl.com/h967d9m

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McKnight, David. Rupert Murdoch: an investigation of political power. Allen & Unwin, 2012.

http://tinyurl.com/htsf38f

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An, Jisun, Meeyoung Cha, Krishna P. Gummadi, Jon Crowcroft, and Daniele Quercia. "Visualizing media bias through Twitter." In Proc. ICWSM SocMedNews Workshop. 2012.

http://tinyurl.com/gv2hmxr

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Brock, David, and Ari Rabin-Havt. The fox effect: How Roger Ailes turned a network into a propaganda machine. Anchor, 2012.

http://tinyurl.com/hfqexvc

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Peng, Z. "Ideology and source credibility: Partisan perception bias in believability of CNN, Fox News and PBS." In AEJMC Summer 2005 conference. 2005.

http://tinyurl.com/j4bym2o

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Potter, Deborah. "His way: how Roger Ailes' game plan created Fox's cable domination." American Journalism Review 28, no. 6 (2006): 78-79.

http://tinyurl.com/jjhfe4r

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Anderson, Simon P., and John McLaren. "Media mergers and media bias with rational consumers." Journal of the European Economic Association 10, no. 4 (2012): 831-859.

http://tinyurl.com/jxefwbo

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 Hickey, Neil. "Is Fox news fair?." Columbia Journalism Review 36, no. 6 (1998): 30.

http://tinyurl.com/z8av6td

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Jones, Jeffrey P., and Geoffrey Baym. "A dialogue on satire news and the crisis of truth in postmodern political television." Journal of Communication Inquiry 34, no. 3 (2010): 278.

http://tinyurl.com/zmp2lk7

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Hopkins, Daniel J., and Jonathan McDonald Ladd. "The consequences of broader media choice: evidence from the expansion of Fox News." Available at SSRN 2070596 (2013).

http://tinyurl.com/gpj6td7

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Pease, Donald E. "States of fantasy: Barack Obama versus The Tea party movement." boundary 2 37, no. 2 (2010): 89-105.

http://tinyurl.com/hppuv2h

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Carr, David, and Tim Arango. "A Fox chief at the pinnacle of media and politics." New York Times 10 (2010): 302.

http://tinyurl.com/jjnfono

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Ellman, Matthew, and Fabrizio Germano. "What do the papers sell? A model of advertising and media bias." The Economic Journal 119, no. 537 (2009): 680-704.

http://tinyurl.com/hz739ch

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Kohut, Andrew. "Listen up, bias mongers! The audience doesn't agree.(Attitudes)." Columbia Journalism Review 40, no. 6 (2002): 68-69.

http://tinyurl.com/jcncay6

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Groseclose, Tim, and Jeffrey Milyo. "A socialscience perspective on media bias." Critical Review 17, no. 3-4 (2005): 305-314.

http://tinyurl.com/jnhzcbf

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Iskandar, Adel. "’The great American bubble’: Fox News channel, the ‘mirage’of objectivity, and the isolation of American public opinion." Bring ‘em on: Media and politics in the Iraq War (2005): 155-74.

http://tinyurl.com/h8lqhga

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DellaVigna, Stefano, and Ethan Kaplan. "The political impact of media bias." Information and Public Choice (2008): 79.

http://tinyurl.com/jym7fyz

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Xiang, Yi, and Miklos Sarvary. "News consumption and media bias." Marketing Science 26, no. 5 (2007): 611-628.

http://tinyurl.com/zxms7sc

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Weaver, David A., and Joshua M. Scacco. "Revisiting the protest paradigm: The Tea Party as filtered through prime-time cable news." The International Journal of Press/Politics (2012): 1940161212462872.

http://tinyurl.com/jlhh48t

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Feldman, Lauren, Edward W. Maibach, Connie Roser-Renouf, and Anthony Leiserowitz. "Climate on cable: The nature and impact of global warming coverage on Fox News, CNN, and MSNBC." The International Journal of Press/Politics (2011): 1940161211425410.

http://tinyurl.com/j85w3fy

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Hobbs, Mitchell. "Neo-conned: The Murdoch press and the Iraq War." International Journal of Media & Cultural Politics 6, no. 2 (2010): 187-207.

http://tinyurl.com/zd3pvvq

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Clinton, Joshua D., and Ted Enamorado. "The national news media’s effect on Congress: How Fox News affected elites in Congress." The Journal of Politics 76, no. 04 (2014): 928-943.

http://tinyurl.com/hbwfa4q

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McKnight, David. "Rupert Murdoch and the culture war." Australian Book Review 258 (2004): 12.

http://tinyurl.com/jaqotjk

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Martin, Gregory J., and Ali Yurukoglu. Bias in cable news: Real effects and polarization. National Bureau of Economic Research, 2014.

http://tinyurl.com/hgpvgaw

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Peck, Reece. "‘You say rich, I say job creator’: how Fox News framed the Great Recession through the moral discourse of producerism." Media, Culture & Society 36, no. 4 (2014): 526-535.

http://tinyurl.com/hedn7fq

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Definition of Producerism FROM The Wikipedia Article by that Title

"Producerism is an ideology which holds that those members of society engaged in the production of tangible wealth are of greater benefit to society than, for example, aristocrats who inherit their wealth and station."

http://tinyurl.com/ztg3b6w

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Niven, David. Tilt?: The search for media bias. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002.

http://tinyurl.com/zpuv7lf

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http://tinyurl.com/hnqvumu

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Rich, Frank. "The billionaires bankrolling the tea party." New York Times 28 (2010).

http://tinyurl.com/hcfpkwq

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Fox News: The Inside Story
October 31, 2003
Salon

http://samizdat.cc/shelf/documents/2003/10.31-foxNews/foxNews.pdf

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Mead, Walter Russell. "The Tea Party and American foreign policy: What populism means for globalism." Foreign Affairs (2011): 28-44.

http://tinyurl.com/hxl65t5

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Rosenthal, Lawrence, and Christine Trost. Steep: the precipitous rise of the Tea Party. Univ of California Press, 2012.

http://tinyurl.com/ztjpyrs

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Turner, Joel. "The messenger overwhelming the message: Ideological cues and perceptions of bias in television news." Political Behavior 29, no. 4 (2007): 441-464.

http://tinyurl.com/jfum6f8

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Manne, Robert. "The power of one: Why Rupert Murdoch can't be stopped." Monthly, The Nov 2013 (2013): 22.

http://tinyurl.com/gwd5485

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Bartlett, Bruce. "How Fox News Changed American Media and Political Dynamics." Available at SSRN 2604679 (2015).

http://tinyurl.com/h98w9dr

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McChesney, Robert W. "Rupert Murdoch: Not silent, but deadly." Monthly Review 66, no. 2 (2014): 58.

http://tinyurl.com/j5h3lhy

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McKnight, David. "Henry Mayer Lecture 2012: The Market Populism of Rupert Murdoch." Media International Australia 144, no. 1 (2012): 5-12.

http://tinyurl.com/j3o3x9p

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Goldberg, Bernard. Bias: A CBS insider exposes how the media distort the news: Regnery Publishing, 2014.

http://tinyurl.com/jbyy2xh

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Anand, B., Di Tella, R. and Galetovic, A., 2007. Information or opinion? Media bias as product differentiation. Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, 16(3), pp.635-682.

http://tinyurl.com/zbea5g9

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Bard, Mitchell T. "The Role of Differing Host Styles in Fox News’ Prime Time Coverage of Health Care Reform in August 2009." Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly (2016): 1077699016628817.

http://tinyurl.com/zll6cv6

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Schroeder, Elizabeth, and Daniel F. Stone. "Fox News and political knowledge." Journal of Public Economics 126 (2015): 52-63.

http://tinyurl.com/h9oztf3

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Smith, Glen R. "Politicians and the news media: How elite attacks influence perceptions of media bias." The International Journal of Press/Politics 15, no. 3 (2010): 319-343.

http://tinyurl.com/jsgub47

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Arsenault, Amelia, and Manuel Castells. "Switching Power: Rupert Murdoch and the Global Business of Media Politics A Sociological Analysis." International Sociology 23, no. 4 (2008): 488-513.

http://tinyurl.com/zngn38o

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Brubaker, Jennifer, and Gary Hanson. "The Effect of Fox News and CNN's Postdebate Commentator Analysis on Viewers' Perceptions of Presidential Candidate Performance." Southern Communication Journal 74, no. 4 (2009): 339-351.

http://tinyurl.com/j9kfwlv

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Swint, Kerwin C. Dark Genius: The Influential Career of Legendary Political Operative and Fox News Founder Roger Ailes. Union Square Press, 2008.

http://tinyurl.com/hlocmjx

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Kelliher, Laurie. "Fox Watch: MoveOn. org members take bias-watching into their living rooms." Columbia Journalism Review 42, no. 6 (2004): 8-9.

http://tinyurl.com/zdntatp

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Martin, Jim. "The Fox Effect: How Roger Ailes Turned a Network into a Propaganda Machine." Journalism History 38, no. 3 (2012): 189.

http://tinyurl.com/gptpm9l

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WEBBIB1516

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Sincerely,

David Dillard

Temple University

(215) 204 - 4584

jwne@...

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