Date   

Re: CLAIMS ON ADYAR ESTATE

M K Ramadoss
 

Typo - The newspaper is Dinamalar - a Tamil Language daily published in Chennai with a circulation of 1  million. It was established in 1951.
Sorry for the error. 


On Wed, May 25, 2022 at 2:52 PM M K Ramadoss via groups.io <mkr777=gmail.com@groups.io> wrote:

CLAIMS ON ADYAR ESTATE

81 Acres of Adyar Estate was supposed to have been purchased by TS from Prince of Arcot during Annie Besant’s Presidency. According to a news item in local daily – Dina Thanthi, the heirs of the Prince are claiming TS never paid the Nawab. Link to the news item is at the bottom and is in Tamil language. Such claims are easily dismissed if there is documented evidence. Looks like there is some serious issue with the title to the property. Look for drawnout expensive litigation!

https://www.dinamalar.com/news_detail.asp?id=3036486



CLAIMS ON ADYAR ESTATE

M K Ramadoss
 

CLAIMS ON ADYAR ESTATE

81 Acres of Adyar Estate was supposed to have been purchased by TS from Prince of Arcot during Annie Besant’s Presidency. According to a news item in local daily – Dina Thanthi, the heirs of the Prince are claiming TS never paid the Nawab. Link to the news item is at the bottom and is in Tamil language. Such claims are easily dismissed if there is documented evidence. Looks like there is some serious issue with the title to the property. Look for drawnout expensive litigation!

https://www.dinamalar.com/news_detail.asp?id=3036486



Modi visits the final resting place of Lord Buddha on Wesak Day

M K Ramadoss CPA
 

On Wesak day, Modi, Prime Minister of India visits and pays homage to Lord Buddha at his final resting place. For Buddhists, Wesak Day - day of birth, enlightenment and death is the most important day and is celebrated in many Asian countries. Theosophy is the philosophy of Lord Buddha and theosophical Mahatmas consider Lord Buddha as their spiritual Guru. Enjoy the video.


RACISM AND THEOSOPHY IN USA

M K Ramadoss
 


Recent shooting in Buffalo, New York brings into focus white racism in USA. There are a lot of closet racists. Theosophical Founders were aware of it. Great future of USA and World is tied to Universal Brotherhood. That’s why Theosophy Movement was launched in USA


American Theosophists have not recognized the great opportunity offered to them. Theosophy has not spread to blacks and minorities even after 147 years. Visit theosophical gatherings and offices. You will rarely see any blacks. One may conclude White American Theosophists continue to be closet racists. It is time American Theosophists to wake up and take theosophy to the blacks and minorities

Future is with minorities



Re: Wesak Day 2022

M K Ramadoss
 

Thanks for the feedback.
Some Branches of TS  in India celebrated it today 17th
In countries like Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia, it is a holiday and it is celebrated as a day of joy.
Even with economic problems in Sri Lanka, it was celebrated and everyone was happy. Here is a link to Youtube video - https://youtu.be/VvbwkkWWBDI

M K Ramadoss

On Tue, May 17, 2022 at 2:06 PM Pavel Axentiev <eternaldelight100@...> wrote:

Amen 🙏

 

Sent from Mail for Windows

 

From: M K Ramadoss
Sent: Monday, May 16, 2022 7:33 PM
To: theosophy@groups.io
Subject: [theosophy - theos-talk] Wesak Day 2022

 

WESAK DAY - MAY 16

It is the holiest day for Budhhist. Wesak is important because it marks three key events in Lord Gautama Buddha's life - his birthday, the enlightenment and his achievement of Nirvana.

His message to the world is Universal Brotherhood and Non violence.

Theosophical leaders consider Lord Buddha as their spiritual guide and leader and it is his message that Theosophy is trying to spread.

We all show our gratitude to the spiritual path he showed. What one man can achieve everyone of us can achieve. Let us meditate for a moment for Universal Welfare and Peace.

 


Re: Wesak Day 2022

Pavel Axentiev
 

Amen 🙏

 

Sent from Mail for Windows

 

From: M K Ramadoss
Sent: Monday, May 16, 2022 7:33 PM
To: theosophy@groups.io
Subject: [theosophy - theos-talk] Wesak Day 2022

 

WESAK DAY - MAY 16

It is the holiest day for Budhhist. Wesak is important because it marks three key events in Lord Gautama Buddha's life - his birthday, the enlightenment and his achievement of Nirvana.

His message to the world is Universal Brotherhood and Non violence.

Theosophical leaders consider Lord Buddha as their spiritual guide and leader and it is his message that Theosophy is trying to spread.

We all show our gratitude to the spiritual path he showed. What one man can achieve everyone of us can achieve. Let us meditate for a moment for Universal Welfare and Peace.

 


Re: Wesak Day 2022

Jayananda Hiranandani
 

Dear Readers,

Thanks to Mr. Ramdoss for the message on Wesak Day 2022, in perticular, and, in genral for providing this forum for encouraging inquiry. This is a good thing as, like science, inquiry is the foundation for its great progress.

I wish to supplement on Wesak Day as follows.

The date seems to vary by region. A study of the website, Buddha's Birthday - Wikipedia is interesting. In the box on the right had side, the date of Buddha's birth is shown as May 8 in 2022.I hope that others can provide more information.

Jayananda Hiranandani




On Monday, May 16, 2022, 07:33:09 PM PDT, M K Ramadoss <mkr777@...> wrote:


WESAK DAY - MAY 16
It is the holiest day for Budhhist. Wesak is important because it marks three key events in Lord Gautama Buddha's life - his birthday, the enlightenment and his achievement of Nirvana.
His message to the world is Universal Brotherhood and Non violence.
Theosophical leaders consider Lord Buddha as their spiritual guide and leader and it is his message that Theosophy is trying to spread.
We all show our gratitude to the spiritual path he showed. What one man can achieve everyone of us can achieve. Let us meditate for a moment for Universal Welfare and Peace.


Wesak Day 2022

M K Ramadoss
 

WESAK DAY - MAY 16
It is the holiest day for Budhhist. Wesak is important because it marks three key events in Lord Gautama Buddha's life - his birthday, the enlightenment and his achievement of Nirvana.
His message to the world is Universal Brotherhood and Non violence.
Theosophical leaders consider Lord Buddha as their spiritual guide and leader and it is his message that Theosophy is trying to spread.
We all show our gratitude to the spiritual path he showed. What one man can achieve everyone of us can achieve. Let us meditate for a moment for Universal Welfare and Peace.


Re: The Day of the White Lotus - Movie on Founding of Theosophy - Due to be released in Dec 2022

Pavel Axentiev
 

Wow, this looks really good!

Happy for the project and the team!

Kind regards,

Pavel A.




On Sat, May 7, 2022 at 9:34 PM M K Ramadoss <mkr777@...> wrote:
Founding of theosophy - Movie


Plot of the movie
  • The plot is centered around one of the most controversial lodges of the 19th century - The Theosophical Society of America, that attracted numerous outstanding individuals from around the world.

  • In the fall of 1874 a renowned New York journalist Henry Olcott takes a trip to Vermont to investigate the mysterious apparitions of the ghostly spirits at the Eddy family homestead. On the train he meets a peculiar woman, Madame Blavatsky, who claims to be a messenger of the Great Mahatmas of Tibet. Madame calls them Masters and reveals that the connection with the Masters leads to the attainment of supernatural powers.


The Day of the White Lotus - Movie on Founding of Theosophy - Due to be released in Dec 2022

M K Ramadoss
 

Founding of theosophy - Movie


Plot of the movie
  • The plot is centered around one of the most controversial lodges of the 19th century - The Theosophical Society of America, that attracted numerous outstanding individuals from around the world.

  • In the fall of 1874 a renowned New York journalist Henry Olcott takes a trip to Vermont to investigate the mysterious apparitions of the ghostly spirits at the Eddy family homestead. On the train he meets a peculiar woman, Madame Blavatsky, who claims to be a messenger of the Great Mahatmas of Tibet. Madame calls them Masters and reveals that the connection with the Masters leads to the attainment of supernatural powers.


HPB TURNING IN HER GRAVE?

M K Ramadoss
 

HPB TURNING IN HER GRAVE?

May 8th – White Lotus Day

Remembering HPB’s Sacrifices

- She sacrificed everything

-What do you find today?

-All volunteers are gone

-Everyone on salary enjoying theosophy money

-In turn they are sellingTheosophy for money

-Look at various programs sold in USA

-Groups in USA are mistaken for white racists

-No effort made to spread Theosophy to blacks and minorities in USA

- Sacrificing committed volunteers badly needed

- Everyone who is exposed to theosophy as presented by HPB needs to think what they can to do to spread theosophy to all

Mission of theosophy cannot be suppressed

Welfare of Humanity is involved


DIVINE WISDOM IN ACTION AT ADYAR???

M K Ramadoss
 

DIVINE WISDOM IN ACTION AT ADYAR

Watch a video clip of Hindu House Warming in USA. It shows how cows play a key role in Hindu Rituals. Many Americans would salivate tasty meat when they see a cow. But Hindu view is entirely different. When I saw the video, was reminded of how Adyar Dairy Cows were secretly shipped off to a farmer and most likely all of them ended up as meat on the table. The action is a public PR disaster for theosophy and its leaders at Adyar. Anyone can see if the episode displayed Divine Wisdom or Human stupidity.

Here is the link to video

https://youtu.be/w74z7f2k3xk


Quarterly collected international Theosophy-News

Steven Otto (Söhne des Feuers)
 

-------- THEOSOPHY WORLD NEWS 1st QUARTER 2022
-------------------------------

Dear friends of Theosophy,

I've just published the 32th issue of "Theosophy World News".


https://theosophy.news/node/464


Thanks for visiting.

Best wishes and kind regards

Steven Otto


REAL OBJECTIVE OF COVID19

M K Ramadoss
 

REAL OBJECTIVE OF COVID19

Theosophy student knows that great world wide events are not accidental. Wisdom of the Inner Powers is behind them. Virus is a tool to make fundamental change in how we live and work. Remote working is reversing the trend of population move to cities and workers are happy and more productive due to flexibility and avoiding daily waste of time to travel to work.
Corporate leaders are blind to the message coming on from the high and are trying to bring back the old model. You cannot fight Nature. You will fail. Theosophy students can see the clear message and going forward will take on jobs that can be done remotely mostly.
It is the duty of theosophists to share the (divine) wisdom with our friends so that we all can benefit with a happier and more productive life

Working with Nature will bring in unforseen help

That’s the Law of the Universe (Karma)

Peace


Re: Virus and Theosophy

M K Ramadoss
 

Here is one more statement regarding population move out of cities in USA -

The data also offered statistical backing to widespread anecdotal evidence suggesting that millions of Americans moved out of the nation’s largest cities, including the District, during the pandemic. Whether for safety from infectious disease or convenience during shutdowns, millions traded cities for suburbs or larger suburbs for smaller ones. Many migrated farther into rural counties or resettled to second homes in vacation areas, such as the Catskill Mountains or the Delmarva Peninsula.

On Thu, Mar 24, 2022 at 8:47 AM M K Ramadoss via groups.io <mkr777=gmail.com@groups.io> wrote:
Pavel -

Just read the following -

Some U.S. cities lost substantial population in 2021, leading to the slowest year of growth in the nation’s history, new Census data shows.


A similar thing is happening in some cities in India.

Future is in remote working with all its efficiencies. If I were looking for a job, I would only take one when can be done remotely.

Theosophy has given us an insight into one of the objectives of the Virus. Let us watch for other fundamental changes that will take place in the world.

Best Regards

M K Ramadoss

On Thu, Mar 24, 2022 at 5:24 AM Pavel Axentiev <eternaldelight100@...> wrote:
That's quite a positive picture you pointed. I hope that at least some of the positive changes that you outlined come true. 🙏

Kind regards,

Pavel A.




On Tue, Mar 22, 2022 at 6:46 AM M K Ramadoss <mkr777@...> wrote:
VIRUS AND THEOSOPHY -

While Occultist knew about the Inner Government of the World and how there is divine guidance and protection to the Humanity, it is Theosophy which publicized crumbs of information. Theosophists are blessed with this knowledge and if we are observant, it would make us understand changes taking place in Humanity. The top issue today is Covid virus and what is in store in the future since new variants are spreading.
Let us look at the sequence of critical developments of recent past. Invention of computer chip is key to the future. No one realized the role it is going to play in the future. It lead to powerful desktop computers and eventually came wireless phones. The next development is the Internet which sneaked up in the world totally unexpected. Then came Covid19 which shook up the world. Nothing of such magnitude cannot be accidental. It is the tool introduced by the Inner Guardians for a purpose. What is the objective behind it. With our human minds we cannot fathom it. All we can do is to get some possible glimpses. Theosophists are fortunate to be able to explore it.
Virus has resulted in fundamental changes in Humanity. It is slowly reversing the trend of over crowding of cities. In some cities, families have moved back to rural areas and we can expect this to continue because it results in better quality of life. More and more work is being done remotely cutting back on waste of time traveling to work and more flexibility as well as increase efficiency. This trend is going to continue. A time will come when people would only work from home or a hybrid plan. So how can you and me benefit from this knowledge. We can look for and change jobs where we can work remotely. If you are keen, you will find such opportunities. Now that we have a glimpse of the future, we should talk about it with our friends and family and with the public when opportunities arise. So we can work with Nature and make our future as well as others enjoyable and happy.

What do you think?


Re: Virus and Theosophy

M K Ramadoss
 

Pavel -

Just read the following -

Some U.S. cities lost substantial population in 2021, leading to the slowest year of growth in the nation’s history, new Census data shows.


A similar thing is happening in some cities in India.

Future is in remote working with all its efficiencies. If I were looking for a job, I would only take one when can be done remotely.

Theosophy has given us an insight into one of the objectives of the Virus. Let us watch for other fundamental changes that will take place in the world.

Best Regards

M K Ramadoss

On Thu, Mar 24, 2022 at 5:24 AM Pavel Axentiev <eternaldelight100@...> wrote:
That's quite a positive picture you pointed. I hope that at least some of the positive changes that you outlined come true. 🙏

Kind regards,

Pavel A.




On Tue, Mar 22, 2022 at 6:46 AM M K Ramadoss <mkr777@...> wrote:
VIRUS AND THEOSOPHY -

While Occultist knew about the Inner Government of the World and how there is divine guidance and protection to the Humanity, it is Theosophy which publicized crumbs of information. Theosophists are blessed with this knowledge and if we are observant, it would make us understand changes taking place in Humanity. The top issue today is Covid virus and what is in store in the future since new variants are spreading.
Let us look at the sequence of critical developments of recent past. Invention of computer chip is key to the future. No one realized the role it is going to play in the future. It lead to powerful desktop computers and eventually came wireless phones. The next development is the Internet which sneaked up in the world totally unexpected. Then came Covid19 which shook up the world. Nothing of such magnitude cannot be accidental. It is the tool introduced by the Inner Guardians for a purpose. What is the objective behind it. With our human minds we cannot fathom it. All we can do is to get some possible glimpses. Theosophists are fortunate to be able to explore it.
Virus has resulted in fundamental changes in Humanity. It is slowly reversing the trend of over crowding of cities. In some cities, families have moved back to rural areas and we can expect this to continue because it results in better quality of life. More and more work is being done remotely cutting back on waste of time traveling to work and more flexibility as well as increase efficiency. This trend is going to continue. A time will come when people would only work from home or a hybrid plan. So how can you and me benefit from this knowledge. We can look for and change jobs where we can work remotely. If you are keen, you will find such opportunities. Now that we have a glimpse of the future, we should talk about it with our friends and family and with the public when opportunities arise. So we can work with Nature and make our future as well as others enjoyable and happy.

What do you think?


Re: Virus and Theosophy

Pavel Axentiev
 

That's quite a positive picture you pointed. I hope that at least some of the positive changes that you outlined come true. 🙏

Kind regards,

Pavel A.




On Tue, Mar 22, 2022 at 6:46 AM M K Ramadoss <mkr777@...> wrote:
VIRUS AND THEOSOPHY -

While Occultist knew about the Inner Government of the World and how there is divine guidance and protection to the Humanity, it is Theosophy which publicized crumbs of information. Theosophists are blessed with this knowledge and if we are observant, it would make us understand changes taking place in Humanity. The top issue today is Covid virus and what is in store in the future since new variants are spreading.
Let us look at the sequence of critical developments of recent past. Invention of computer chip is key to the future. No one realized the role it is going to play in the future. It lead to powerful desktop computers and eventually came wireless phones. The next development is the Internet which sneaked up in the world totally unexpected. Then came Covid19 which shook up the world. Nothing of such magnitude cannot be accidental. It is the tool introduced by the Inner Guardians for a purpose. What is the objective behind it. With our human minds we cannot fathom it. All we can do is to get some possible glimpses. Theosophists are fortunate to be able to explore it.
Virus has resulted in fundamental changes in Humanity. It is slowly reversing the trend of over crowding of cities. In some cities, families have moved back to rural areas and we can expect this to continue because it results in better quality of life. More and more work is being done remotely cutting back on waste of time traveling to work and more flexibility as well as increase efficiency. This trend is going to continue. A time will come when people would only work from home or a hybrid plan. So how can you and me benefit from this knowledge. We can look for and change jobs where we can work remotely. If you are keen, you will find such opportunities. Now that we have a glimpse of the future, we should talk about it with our friends and family and with the public when opportunities arise. So we can work with Nature and make our future as well as others enjoyable and happy.

What do you think?


Virus and Theosophy

M K Ramadoss
 

VIRUS AND THEOSOPHY -

While Occultist knew about the Inner Government of the World and how there is divine guidance and protection to the Humanity, it is Theosophy which publicized crumbs of information. Theosophists are blessed with this knowledge and if we are observant, it would make us understand changes taking place in Humanity. The top issue today is Covid virus and what is in store in the future since new variants are spreading.
Let us look at the sequence of critical developments of recent past. Invention of computer chip is key to the future. No one realized the role it is going to play in the future. It lead to powerful desktop computers and eventually came wireless phones. The next development is the Internet which sneaked up in the world totally unexpected. Then came Covid19 which shook up the world. Nothing of such magnitude cannot be accidental. It is the tool introduced by the Inner Guardians for a purpose. What is the objective behind it. With our human minds we cannot fathom it. All we can do is to get some possible glimpses. Theosophists are fortunate to be able to explore it.
Virus has resulted in fundamental changes in Humanity. It is slowly reversing the trend of over crowding of cities. In some cities, families have moved back to rural areas and we can expect this to continue because it results in better quality of life. More and more work is being done remotely cutting back on waste of time traveling to work and more flexibility as well as increase efficiency. This trend is going to continue. A time will come when people would only work from home or a hybrid plan. So how can you and me benefit from this knowledge. We can look for and change jobs where we can work remotely. If you are keen, you will find such opportunities. Now that we have a glimpse of the future, we should talk about it with our friends and family and with the public when opportunities arise. So we can work with Nature and make our future as well as others enjoyable and happy.

What do you think?


Something in Chennai at the time of arrival of the TS in India

Jayananda Hiranandani
 


Atheists of Madras

Print edition : November 01, 2013T+ T-

A page from Tattuva Vivesini. Photo: axs dgfd hfghrf

On a small band of freethinkers of the old Madras province who provoked anxiety and dread in missionary and religious circles.

NARENDRA DABHOLKAR, rationalist, teacher and campaigner against superstition, was shot dead on August 20 for his commitment to challenge those who spread superstition and traded in ignorance. Those responsible for his death clearly feared the way he took on those who benefitted from fear and unknowing. Irrationality has behind it powerful vested interests that do not like being challenged or criticised. It was even so in the heyday of rationalism and atheism in old Madras and later on in Tamil Nadu: while Periyar E.V. Ramasamy’s atheism was considered “commonplace” and engraved on the pedestals of all his statues, his rationalist views were continuously challenged, and not always through honourable means. In the 1920s, he was accused of promoting immorality and godlessness; in the 1930s, his self-respect/socialist ideas were seen as encouraging promiscuity; and in the 1940s and after, he was considered the very scourge of Hinduism. In the 1950s and after, popular entertainment, especially cinema, confronted his criticisms with revivified versions of bhakthi devotionalism.

It is remarkable, therefore, that nearly half a century before Periyar came to voice his views, the old Madras province was home to a group of intellectuals who called themselves “freethinkers”, “secularists” and atheists. These men were initially members of the Hindu Freethought Union, which counted amongst its members Pandita Ramabai and later on some of them set up the Madras Secular Society as well as the Hindu Malthusian Society. A Madras Freethought Tract Society was also set up to bring out timely pamphlets and tracts on subjects dear to the secularists.

Thanks to the tireless efforts of Professor V. Arasu, Head of the Department of Tamil, University of Madras, we have today, within reach and access, a vast corpus of their publications. Prof. Arasu supervised an M. Phil thesis on the Madras secularists more than 15 years ago and since then has worked on identifying, acquiring and putting together a selection of writings by them. Culled almost entirely from the Tamil and English journals they edited between 1882 and 1888 ( Tattuva Vivesini and The Thinker), this selection is today available in six large volumes ( Tattuva Vivesini and The Thinker, New Century Book House, Chennai, 2013). Grouped under different thematic categories (religion, caste, the women’s question, poverty, atheism, science, superstition), these essays tell a remarkable story about a forgotten and hitherto unknown phase in the history of ideas in modern Tamil Nadu, and one which would require us to revise existing views on the social and cultural history of the old Madras province.

The essays also tell us about the beginnings of rationalism and atheism in Madras: scattered in these volumes are several references to subscription details, both for the journals and the society, notes on books received and sold from the secularists’ office, readers’ opinions, details of polemical exchanges between secularists and their rivals, and to local, continental and global networks of free thought and atheism… In a sense, what we have here is a new geography of intellectual activity and one that extended across the British empire, and brought together men of vastly different backgrounds and nationalities. Such internationalism prefigured the more familiar socialist and communist internationalism of the early 20th century and in some crucial ways fed into it. Within the Indian subcontinent, the secularists were aware of and were in touch with like-minded souls, in Calcutta, Udaipur, Bellary, Hyderabad, and so on.

Interestingly, the Madras secularists were well-known and kindled anxiety in missionary and conservative religious circles. The missionary journal, The Harvest Field, noted rather worriedly that they were an influence that had to be taken seriously. Saivite intellectuals in the Madras province and in Sri Lanka were wary of their influence and polemicised against them. Count Goblet D’ Alviella, a Belgian liberal thinker who visited India in 1877, remarked on the small group of Madras thinkers who called themselves “secularists” and challenged time-honoured religious truths. Charles Bradlaugh, on whose National Secular Society the Madras branch was modelled, was aware of their presence and was in touch with them. On Bradlaugh’s return to England after his India visit, The New York Times warned that his influence was spreading in India and that Indians might well begin to imagine that Christianity was on the decline in England (June 30, 1880). The news article was titled “Bradlaugh the Atheist: His Address in Trafalgar Square—Atheistic Intrigues in India”.

As Arasu notes, the available literature from the Madras secularists may be from the 1880s, but they had clearly been active for several years before that. For, they had run two journals in the 1870s, Tattuva Visarini and The Philosophical Inquirer, both dating back to 1878-79, and Count D’Alviella had known of them in 1877. A review note on M. Masilamoni’s tract, Varna Beda Surukkam (the first one to be published by the Hindu Freethought Tract Society in 1885) remarked that the author was known for his critical and iconoclastic views since his youth. This was subsequently expanded and reissued as Varna Bedha Vilakkam. It was republished a quarter of a century later by Pandit Iyothee Thass’ Siddhartha Puthaga Saalai.

Leafing through these volumes, it is not difficult to understand why this small but determined band of men provoked anxiety and dread. For, here are articles that invite believers to debate the existence of God; that question the divinity of Vedic texts; that call attention to the illogical and improbable plot lines of the puranas and itihasas. There are also several articles that question birth-based privilege and challenge the right of Brahmins to spiritual or other forms of knowledge. The caste system is viewed as an instance of both barbarity and irrationality. Tamil religious cultures are not spared either, and Saivism and Vaishnavism as they existed in the Tamil context are interrogated with much critical vigour.

Perhaps their greatest ire was reserved for the Theosophists in Madras: chagrined that Henry Olcott, who was once a freethinker, had taken to believing in spirits, phantasms and mahatmas, they were unsparing in their criticisms of theosophy and its adherents. Initially, they were warmly acclaiming of Annie Besant, who along with Bradlaugh had earned the wrath of conservatives in London, but when Annie Besant took to religion and came to endorse new and emergent forms of Hindu spirituality and identified herself with the theosophists, she was not spared either. In turn, the theosophists considered the secularists their scourge and were often uncharitable in their references to them, considering them vulgar ideologues.

The Madras secularists were on the side of social reform—endorsing widows’ right to remarry, opposing child marriage, supporting women’s claims to education, opposing the practice of temple dedication or the devadasi system —and some of them were inclined to believe that women and men had to be judged by a shared and common sexual morality. Their understanding of the women’s question, of their right to equality and justice, was framed by the debates around birth control and overpopulation that were currently under way in England. While arguing for smaller families, and the right of individuals to decide on how many children they would bring forth into the world, the Madras Malthusians examined and criticised existing marriage and child-rearing practices.

The secularists were severely critical of Christian missionary presence and argument and drew on the anti-Christian views voiced by English and American atheists to call attention to what they considered illogical and inconsistent ideas and beliefs on the part of the Christian faithful. They were as harsh on local catechists and preachers as they were on theist thinkers and philosophers.

The tenor and content of articles in Tattuva Vivesini and The Thinker were noticeably different. The English journals reproduced articles published by freethinkers elsewhere and though it did carry pieces on the Indian situation, its core content was framed by free thought debates elsewhere: for example, it devoted a lot of time and space to the question of Bradlaugh in the British Parliament and whether he would be disqualified for refusing to take an oath of faith. On the other hand, it did report on local news to a considerable extent, commenting on foibles of faith and caste. The Tamil articles are fascinatingly wide-ranging, covering almost all the subjects grouped under the categories I have referred to above.

Writers wrote in a range of styles, from the pedantic prose of the Tamil prose commentators of the medieval period to the more demotic modern prose style that would come into its own in the early 20th century, with the expansion of the news daily and the vernacular political press. Articles on science are particularly interesting: there are new words that are coined, old philosophical terms from the Sanskrit and old Tamil texts are granted a new lease of life, and there is definitely a new and open pedagogic tone. The Tamil articles engage with the debates that bothered the Tamil intellectual world, on matters to do with custom and faith, more than the English ones do. On matters of social reform, both English and Tamil writers share common ground, and English writers are not more or less radical than Tamil ones.

Self-respecters

Significantly, several thinkers who subsequently came to be associated with Iyothee Thass’ newspaper Tamizhan (published from the first decade of the 20th century) were regular contributors to Tattuva Vivesini. Professor Lakshmi Narasu (whose writings on Buddhism were dear to Dr B.R. Ambedkar), M. Masilamoni and T.C. Narayanasami Pillay are names that link two different strains of anti-caste thought: the secularist legacy of the freethinkers and the neo-Buddhism outlined by Iyothee Thass. There were continuities with the Self-Respect Movement, too: Athipakkam Venkatachala Naicker, who wrote in Tattuva Vivesini and was the author of a volume titled Hindu Mathaacara Aabaasa Darsini (on the obscenities of the Hindu religion) was a name that self-respecters knew and his work was referred to often enough in Kudiaracu, the weekly edited by Periyar. Besides, the self-respecters continued the practice of extolling and republishing the thought of all those thinkers and non-believers whose views pepper the pages of the free-thought journals: Voltaire, Rousseau, Bradlaugh, Ingersoll… Revolt!, the only English weekly edited by the self-respecters (by S. Guruswami), is very reminiscent of The Thinker, drawing as it does on international debates on faith, atheism and science. But it is also more overtly political and polemical on social and cultural matters.

On the other hand, continuities did not mean that there were no changes. The Madras Secularists represented a very significant intellectual moment in modern Tamil history, and were defined by it. It is remarkable that they were active in precisely those years that saw the founding of the Indian National Congress and during the great famine years, both of which transformed the nature of governance in old Madras. They responded to their times, but not in familiar political ways. They were men of ideas, and it was in this sphere that their influence was startling, and today we are able to see how they stand at the beginning of an important historical shift in the social and cultural history of Madras, and which found its fruition in the Self-Respect Movement. In the decades that followed, those who took their cues from the secularists took that history forward in other ways. Iyothee Thass marked his own trajectory, while drawing on earlier ideas: he mined Tamil literary history and texts for constructing his own vision of history; he was also keenly invested in reimagining Buddhism for his times. All the time, he was also active politically, petitioning the government on matters to do with untouchability and caste disabilities, and producing detailed criticisms of militant nationalism. Periyar not only was a man of ideas, but mobilised men and women in large numbers, around issues of reason, faith, feminism, anti-caste practices and his own version of socialism. He was active in an era that saw the beginnings of mass politics, and infused a radical energy into debates around social and political justice. Historians of free thought in Britain argue that the British socialists and communists transposed debates around atheism and rationalism into another context and that the anti-metaphysics of Bradlaugh found its logical conclusion in the progressive science arguments of Julian Huxley and Bertrand Russell. The fate of free thought in India was somewhat similar but also different: on the one hand it fed into debates on science and socialism and on the other hand it remained central to criticisms of caste, religious superstitions and obscurantist thought and practices. In M. Singaravelu, Periyar and M.N. Roy, we find a coming together of both impulses.

However, we need to rethink this history of ideas and these volumes are invaluable on that account. We cannot thank enough all those who undertake the essentially thankless task of identifying and preserving primary research texts and data, the collators, anthologists and encyclopaedists whose work nurtures and feeds that of historians and theorists. In this sense, we need to acknowledge labour such as this. Arasu and his students, who worked hard to bring out these volumes, have produced work that will benefit all those working on late colonial India as well as those committed to a politics of justice and equality.

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The Message of Nature to the World

M K Ramadoss
 

Occultists works with Nature and it underlies everything they do. Theosophist must divine the message of Nature and benefit by it.

Two major developments world has witnessed are advent of Internet and Covid19. Great intelligence is behind them. Look at what they have done to our daily lives and infer the direction Nature wants the world to take.

Today most work which don’t need in person interaction can be done remotely. Already it is done due to fear of death from Covid.

Businesses should use this truth in their future development plans. Workers will support it as it is very efficient compared to past model of men and women sitting in front of computer screens in large office buildings.

Think about it and speak to your bosses and leaders. Theosophist can see it is where the future is. If world does not listen, expect waves of new virus till world learns the lesson.

Peace

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