Re: German Catenary and Signalling in Basle
Am 20.07.2019 um 23:07 schrieb Clive Dean:
Could I ask why the infrastructure until the Rhine Bridge is owned byThe Badische Staaatsbahn at that time was building a line up the right side of the Rhine (sides on rivers are always looking in the direction the water flows). In Basel it reached Swiss territory as the border exceptionally doesn't follow the river. In 1852 a - still valid - treaty between the Swiss Confederation and the state of Baden fixed the important questions. They built their own station on the right side of the Rhein, in Kleinbasel as it is called, opened 1855. Construction was immediately continued in the direction of Singen/Konstanz and the line also crosses the canton of Schaffhausen, another Swiss area on the right side of the Rhine. This was opened in 1863. Already in 1859 a bridge was built between Waldshut and Koblenz, which was the first connection between the German and the Swiss network.
Only in 1873, 18 years later, a connection was built between Basel Badischer Bahnhof and Basel Centralbahnhof (the station of SCB).
The Badische Staatsbahn was integrated into the Deutsche Reichsbahn and became Deutsche Bundesbahn after WW II. When DB became a separate company, Germany didn't transfer the infrastructure in Switzerland, but contracted DB Netz AG to operate it. Thus the very special status of this infrastructure. Today the swiss confederation subsidizes operation and maintenance of this German infrastructure. On the other hand, Swiss track access charges are valid, not the German system. And all this based on a treaty of 1852!
(only available in German, French and Italian)
To add another little oddity: The Badische Staatsbahn had started to build its network with a gauge of 1600 mm (5'3") and had reached Weil am Rhein, when it was decided to standardize the gauge, which was effectuated in 1854/55, just before crossing the border into Switzerland. So we never had 1600 mm in Switzerland...