Date   
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY : PHYSICAL EXERCISE : PHYSICAL FITNESS : LIFESYTLES : LEISURE : ACTIVE TRAVEL : SPORTS PARTICIPATION : HOUSEWORK : MENTAL HEALTH : MENTAL ILLNESS : STATISTICS : DATA : DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS : RESEARCH : BIBLIOGRAPHIES : QUATITATIVE : QUALITATIVE: Data and Research Regarding Relationships between Physical Exercise and Matters Like Lifestyle Leisure Travel and Mental Health and Mental Illness

David P. Dillard
 

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..



PHYSICAL ACTIVITY :

PHYSICAL EXERCISE :

PHYSICAL FITNESS :

LIFESYTLES :
LEISURE :

ACTIVE TRAVEL :

SPORTS PARTICIPATION :

HOUSEWORK :

MENTAL HEALTH :


MENTAL ILLNESS :

STATISTICS :

DATA :

DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

RESEARCH :

BIBLIOGRAPHIES :

QUATITATIVE :

QUALITATIVE:

Data and Research Regarding Relationships between
Physical Exercise and Matters Like Lifestyle Leisure
Travel and Mental Health and Mental Illness


..

..


WEBBIB1516

http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy

..

..



Google Scholar

http://tinyurl.com/ok5hayk

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Sample Citations

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Physical activity and mental health
in the United States and Canada:
Evidence from four population surveys
Author:
Stephens, Thomas
Journal:
Preventive Medicine
ISSN:
0091-7435
Date:
01/1988
Volume:
17
Issue:
1
Page:
35 - 47
DOI:
10.1016/0091-7435(88)90070-9

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Association between physical activity
and mental disorders among adults in the United States
Author:
Goodwin, Renee D View Author Profile
Journal:
Preventive Medicine
ISSN:
0091-7435
Date:
06/2003
Volume:
36
Issue:
6
Page:
698 - 703
DOI:
10.1016/S0091-7435(03)00042-2

..

Leisure-Time Physical Activity Among US Adults
Results From the Third National Health and Nutrition
Examination Survey
Author:
Crespo, Carlos J. View Author Profile
Journal:
Archives of internal medicine (1960)
ISSN:
0003-9926
Date:
01/1996
Volume:
156
Issue:
1
Page:
93
DOI:
10.1001/archinte.1996.00440010113015

..

All-Cause Mortality Associated With Physical Activity
During Leisure Time, Work, Sports, and Cycling to Work
Author:
Andersen, Lars Bo View Author Profile
Journal:
Archives of internal medicine (1960)
ISSN:
0003-9926
Date:
06/2000
Volume:
160
Issue:
11
Page:
1621
DOI:
10.1001/archinte.160.11.1621

..

Physical fitness training and mental health.
Author:
Folkins, Carlyle H.
Journal:
The American psychologist
ISSN:
0003-066X
Date:
1981
Volume:
36
Issue:
4
Page:
373 - 389
DOI:
10.1037/0003-066X.36.4.373

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A descriptive epidemiology of leisure-time physical activity.
Author:
Stephens, T T View Author Profile
Journal:
Public health reports (1974)
ISSN:
0033-3549
Volume:
100
Issue:
2
Page:
147
PMID:
3920713

..


Physical activity and stroke.
A meta-analysis of observational data.
Author:
Wendel-Vos, G C W GC
Journal:
International journal of epidemiology
ISSN:
0300-5771
Date:
08/2004
Volume:
33
Issue:
4
Page:
787 - 798
PMID:
15166195
DOI:
10.1093/ije/dyh168


..


Moderate leisure-time physical activity:
who is meeting the public health recommendations?
A national cross-sectional study.
Author:
Jones, D A View Author Profile
Journal:
Archives of family medicine
ISSN:
1063-3987
Volume:
7
Issue:
3
Page:
285
PMID:
9596466

..

Occupation, Hours Worked, and Leisure-Time Physical Activity
Author:
Burton, Nicola W. View Author Profile
Journal:
Preventive Medicine
ISSN:
0091-7435
Date:
12/2000
Volume:
31
Issue:
6
Page:
673 - 681
DOI:
10.1006/pmed.2000.0763

..

Relationship of Leisure-Time Physical Activity
and Mortality The Finnish Twin Cohort
Author:
Kujala, Urho M.
Journal:
JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association
ISSN:
0098-7484
Date:
02/1998
Volume:
279
Issue:
6
Page:
440
DOI:
10.1001/jama.279.6.440

..

Sports participation and emotional wellbeing in adolescents
Author:
Steptoe, A.S View Author Profile
Journal:
Lancet
Date:
06/1996
Volume:
347
Issue:
9018
Page:
1789 - 1792
DOI:
10.1016/S0140-6736(96)91616-5

..

The relation of physical activity and exercise to mental health.
Author:
Taylor, C B
Journal:
Public health reports (1974)
ISSN:
0033-3549
Volume:
100
Issue:
2
Page:
195
PMID:
3920718

..

Leisure-time physical activity in university students from 23 countries:
associations with health beliefs, risk awareness,
and national economic development
Author:
Haase, Anne View Author Profile
Journal:
Preventive medicine
ISSN:
0091-7435
Date:
07/2004
Volume:
39
Issue:
1
Page:
182 - 190
DOI:
10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.01.028

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..

Google Books

http://tinyurl.com/pc3n6yr

..

..

Google Domain Limited Web Search (GOV)

http://tinyurl.com/pndayj6

..

..

Google Domain Limited Web Search (STATISTICS)

http://tinyurl.com/ntbuge6

..

..

Google Domain Limited Web Search (RESEARCH)

http://tinyurl.com/oa5gz6z

..

..

Google Domain Limited Web Search (PUBMED)

http://tinyurl.com/no5v5zn

..

..

Google Domain Limited Web Search (JSTOR)

http://tinyurl.com/nvrp9we

..

..

Google Domain Limited Web Search (SCIENCEDIRECT)

http://tinyurl.com/noftdvq

..

..

Temple Summon Search

http://tinyurl.com/p9qyqdt

437,417 results


Source Type


Album 1
Archival Material 65
Audio Recording 59
Book / eBook 225,561
Book Chapter 7,807
Book Review 1,985
Catalog 1
Conference Proceeding 2,049
Data Set 346
Dissertation 32,949
Electronic Resource 7
Government Document 4,155
Journal / eJournal 46
Journal Article 127,161
Magazine 6
Magazine Article 2,946
Market Research 114
Newsletter 5,596
Newspaper 124
Newspaper Article 20,490
Pamphlet 46
Paper 75
Patent 9
Presentation 1
Publication 135
Reference 2,449
Report 854
Research Guide 52
Special Collection 9
Standard 24
Student Thesis 21
Technical Report 50
Trade Publication Article 5,868
Transcript 339
Video Recording 1
Web Resource 395


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TRIP

http://tinyurl.com/plg2j59



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These Research Guides May Provide Types on Systematic Review Development
and on Statistical Sources

..

..


META ANALYSIS AND SYSTEMATIC REVIEW:

Russell Conwell Guide Series:

How to Create a Meta Analysis and a Systematic Review

http://guides.temple.edu/Meta-Analysis

..

..

Statistical Sources

Page ONE

http://tinyurl.com/pfbmr2e

Page TWO

http://tinyurl.com/lo68djy
Page THREE

http://tinyurl.com/mgek3k3

This is a work in progress, expect dead links at the bottom of Page 3

..

..

The Entire Research Process

http://tinyurl.com/p3xul7b


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WEBBIB1516

http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy


..

..



Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html






..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

INDUSTRY INDUSTRIES INDUSTRIAL: MANUFACTURING : LIBRARIES : LIBRARIANS : DIGITAL HUMANITIES : DIGITAL INITIATIVES : DIGITAL SCHOLARSHIP : INNOVATION CENTERS : MEDICAL: SURGERY: Libraries Are the Future of Manufacturing in the United States

David P. Dillard
 

..


..



Date: Thu, 30 Jul 2015 07:57:52 -0400 (EDT)
From: David P. Dillard <jwne@...>
To: Educator-Gold <Educator-Gold@groups.io>, net-gold@...,
K-12ADMINLIFE <K12ADMIN@...>,
K12AdminLIFE <K12AdminLIFE@...>,
Nabble Groups Net-Gold <ml-node+s3172864n3172864h56@...>,
Net-Gold on IO Groups list <Net-Gold@groups.io>,
Sean Grigsby <myarchives1@...>,
Net-Gold <NetGold_general@...>,
Temple Gold Discussion Group <TEMPLE-GOLD@...>,
Temple University Net-Gold Archive <net-gold@...>,
"Net-Gold @ Wiggio.com" <netgold@...>,
HEALTH-RECREATION-SPORTS-TOURISM@...
Subject: INDUSTRY INDUSTRIES INDUSTRIAL: MANUFACTURING : LIBRARIES : LIBRARIANS
: DIGITAL HUMANITIES : DIGITAL INITIATIVES : DIGITAL SCHOLARSHIP :
INNOVATION CENTERS: Libraries Are the Future of Manufacturing in the United
States




..

..



INDUSTRY INDUSTRIES INDUSTRIAL: MANUFACTURING :

LIBRARIES :

LIBRARIANS :

DIGITAL HUMANITIES :

DIGITAL INITIATIVES :

DIGITAL SCHOLARSHIP :

INNOVATION CENTERS :

MEDICAL: SURGERY:

Libraries Are the Future of Manufacturing in the United States

..

..


Libraries Are the Future of Manufacturing in the United States

Public libraries are becoming a one-stop shop for manufacturing in the digital age. Because libraries are investing in machines like 3-D printers, someday soon everyone with access to a public library could become an inventor or create something.

JUSTIN LYNCH

JULY 27, 2015

http://www.psmag.com/nature-and-technology/ libraries-are-the-future-of-manufacturing-in-the-united-states

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A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/npzc6gt

..

..


In the Chicago area, theres a nearly exact replica of a 10-year-old boys head. Its not an exact replica because, last year, he had a cranial defect. Doctors needed to perform craniofacial surgery on his skull to protect his brain.

..

Operating on the brain or skull leaves little room for error. If something goes wrong I can destroy that person's character ... forever, said noted neurosurgeon Henry Marsh in the 2009 documentary The English Surgeon.

..

It helps to make a model. A team of doctors at the Loyola University Medical Center wanted to do just that to assist the doctors performing the operation, but ordering a replica of the boys skull would have taken two to three weeks and cost about $4,000. Instead, they went to the Chicago Public Library as part of a trial study and printed out a replica of the boys skull using a 3-D printer. The model of the skull was sanitized, and took just 12 hours to make. It cost $20 and the surgery was successful.

..

Public libraries are becoming a one-stop shop for manufacturing in the digital age.

..

The surgery is an example of how people are using public libraries in new and important ways. Public libraries are becoming a one-stop shop for manufacturing in the digital age. Because libraries are investing in machines like 3-D printers, someday soon everyone with access to a public library could become an inventor or create something.

..

Did a car part break? Use a 3-D scanner to digitize the part and create an exact replica of it. Need to make a cheap prototype of your invention? You can work with a library specialist to design it. Want to make your own custom jewelry? Use a 3-D printer and sell it on Etsy.

..

It is about making knowledge available and initiating the public to make knowledge themselves, says Jeroen de Boer, co-author of the upcoming book Makerspaces in Libraries. Makerspaces are the places where knowledge exchange happens in new ways. Libraries are increasingly inviting places for these areas, which are essentially DIY spaces where people can go to access resources and exchange ideas in order to create and invent things.


..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..


Related Resources

The English Surgeon Article

http://www.theenglishsurgeon.com/?view=film

..

..


J Craniofac Surg. 2015 Jul;26(5):1584-6. doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000001768.
Customized "In-Office" Three-Dimensional Printing for Virtual Surgical Planning in Craniofacial Surgery.
Mendez BM1, Chiodo MV, Patel PA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Virtual surgical planning using three-dimensional (3D) printing technology has improved surgical efficiency and precision. A limitation to this technology is that production of 3D surgical models requires a third-party source, leading to increased costs (up to $4000) and prolonged assembly times (averaging 2-3 weeks). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility, cost, and production time of customized skull models created by an "in-office" 3D printer for craniofacial reconstruction.

METHODS:

Two patients underwent craniofacial reconstruction with the assistance of "in-office" 3D printing technology. Three-dimensional skull models were created from a bioplastic filament with a 3D printer using computed tomography (CT) image data. The cost and production time for each model were measured.

RESULTS:

For both patients, a customized 3D surgical model was used preoperatively to plan split calvarial bone grafting and intraoperatively to more efficiently and precisely perform the craniofacial reconstruction. The average cost for surgical model production with the "in-office" 3D printer was $25 (cost of bioplastic materials used to create surgical model) and the average production time was 14?hours.

CONCLUSIONS:

Virtual surgical planning using "in office" 3D printing is feasible and allows for a more cost-effective and less time consuming method for creating surgical models and guides. By bringing 3D printing to the office setting, we hope to improve intraoperative efficiency, surgical precision, and overall cost for various types of craniofacial and reconstructive surgery.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26106998

..

..


Cranioplasty

http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/ test_procedures/neurological/cranioplasty_22,Cranioplasty/


OR


http://tinyurl.com/orxex7p

..

..


Why No Ones Laughing at Princess Twilight Sparkle
Or, how to keep 3D printing revolutionary

New America

https://context.newamerica.org/why-no-one-s-laughing-
at-princess-twilight-sparkle-994833f32af0


OR


http://tinyurl.com/ob2z9hg

..

..


Makerspaces in Libraries
Volume 4 of Library Technology Essentials
Authors Theresa Willingham, Jeroen de Boer
Contributor Ellyssa Kroski
Publisher Rowman & Littlefield, 2015
ISBN 1442253010, 9781442253018
Length 158 pages



1 An Introduction to Makerspaces

2 Getting Started with Makerspaces

3 Tools and Applications

4 Library Examples and Case Studies

5 Step by Step Library Projects

6 Tips and Tricks

7 Future Trends

Recommended Reading

Index

About the Authors

http://tinyurl.com/qjg9xz9

http://tinyurl.com/p462pel

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..


Makerspaces in Libraries Survey Results 2013

http://tinyurl.com/phdlg9s

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..


Related Research Guides



DATABASE SEARCHING:

Russell Conwell Center Research Guides.

Search Technique Resources and Finding Tools

http://guides.temple.edu/databases

..

..


Digital Rights Management :

Russell Conwell Information Literacy Guide Series :

Digital Rights Management (DRM) and Digital Scholarship

http://guides.temple.edu/digital-rights

..

..

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY:

Russell Conwell Guide Series:

Intellectual Property, Copyright Law, Plagiarism, Trademarks and Patents

http://guides.temple.edu/IP

..

..


Digital Scholarship, Digital Humanities, Digital Initiatives
and Innovation Centers Sources

http://guides.temple.edu/digital-humanities

..

..

RESEARCH PAPERS:

Russell Conwell Center Research Guides:

How to Write a Research Paper

http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers

..

..


How to Write a Research Paper: The Major Skill Sets

http://tinyurl.com/p3xul7b

..

..


Net-Gold Content Regarding Digital Scholarship

http://tinyurl.com/p6wadrg


..

..

WEBBIB1516

http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy

..

..



Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html






..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

Libraries Are the Future of Manufacturing in the United States

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


INDUSTRY INDUSTRIES INDUSTRIAL: MANUFACTURING :

LIBRARIES :

LIBRARIANS :

DIGITAL HUMANITIES :

DIGITAL INITIATIVES :

DIGITAL SCHOLARSHIP :

INNOVATION CENTERS:

Libraries Are the Future of Manufacturing in the United States

http://tinyurl.com/nfgre5t


"Public libraries are becoming a one-stop shop for manufacturing in the digital age."


"DIY spaces where people can go to access resources and exchange ideas in order to create and invent things."


..

Related Links Found at the URL provided above


A link to the full text of this article

Customized "In-Office" Three-Dimensional Printing for Virtual Surgical Planning in Craniofacial Surgery

The 3D Printing Revolution

Makerspaces in Libraries

Related Research Guides

Including

Digital Rights Management (DRM) and Digital Scholarship

Intellectual Property, Copyright Law, Plagiarism, Trademarks and Patents

Digital Scholarship, Digital Humanities, Digital Initiatives
and Innovation Centers Sources

How to Write a Research Paper: The Major Skill Sets

http://tinyurl.com/p3xul7b

This link also illustrates linking to specific content sections in a Libguide to provide outside the guide linking to specific parts of a guide web page inside the guide.



=============================================


This link shows in the top green section how to produce a limited site map
to LibGuides sections such that one can easily Summon this information if your library uses both Libguides and Summon and you enjoy the fine art of copy and paste.


https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/



============================================


Finally, a field like tourism does no real manufacturing, outside of the manufacturing of interest in visiting places one has never seen before, so
digital initiatives are completely irrelevant to them.

I am not at all sure about that one.

Google

http://tinyurl.com/pu38ldt

..

..

Google Scholar

http://tinyurl.com/p3tvwgp

..

..

Google Books

http://tinyurl.com/npnv5sq

..

..


Google Videos

http://tinyurl.com/qjmvq32

..

..

Google Domain Limited Web Search (BLOGS)

http://tinyurl.com/nc3tab9

..

..

Google Domain Limited Web Search (GOV)

http://tinyurl.com/p8pjrm3

..

..

Google Domain Limited Web Search (STATISTICS)

http://tinyurl.com/nwxlpcg

..

..

Google Domain Limited Web Search (JSTOR)

http://tinyurl.com/nd9gj3e

..

..

Google Domain Limited Web Search (SCIENCEDIRECT)

http://tinyurl.com/nd9gj3e

..

..

..


So feel welcome to visit our new Digital Scholarhip Center at Temple University Libraries either in person or virtually

http://tinyurl.com/q3kwmxq

..

..

In the meantime, it is Summer here, so have a nice TRIP

http://tinyurl.com/p2elm58

..

..

WEBBIB1516

http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy

..

..




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html

[webdev] Web Design Update: July 30, 2015

David P. Dillard
 

..




Date: Thu, 30 Jul 2015 06:19:25 -0500
From: Laura Carlson <lcarlson@d.umn.edu>
To: webdev <webdev@....umn.edu>
Subject: [webdev] Web Design Update: July 30, 2015




+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE.



- Volume 14, Issue 05, July 30, 2015.




An email newsletter to distribute news and information about web
design and development.




++ISSUE 05 CONTENTS.




SECTION ONE: New references.


What's new at the Web Design Reference site?



http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/



New links in these categories:





01: ACCESSIBILITY.

02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.

03: EVALUATION & TESTING.

04: EVENTS.

05: JAVASCRIPT.

06: MISCELLANEOUS.
'
07: USABILITY.





SECTION TWO:



08: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?




[Contents ends.]





++ SECTION ONE: New references.




+01: ACCESSIBILITY.




Why is so Much of the Internet Still Inaccessible to Disabled People?

By S.E. Smith.

"Twenty-five years ago, George H.W. Bush signed the Americans with
Disabilities Act (ADA) into law. It was a landmark piece of civil
rights legislation for the disabled community, mandating equal
treatment and providing for a wide range of protections. But it
contained one big loophole: the internet..."

http://www.theweek.com/articles/567908/ why-much-internet-still-inaccessible-disabled-people



3.3.3 Error Suggestion

By Rakesh Paladugula.

"If an input error is automatically detected and suggestions for
correction are known, then the suggestions are provided to the user,
unless it would jeopardize the security or purpose of the content..."

http://www.maxability.co.in/2015/07/3-3-3-error-suggestion/



Best Practices for Accessible Diagram Design (Draft)

By Detlev Fischer.

"Below you find the draft of an unpublished chapter of a forthcoming
book (Diagrammatics, ed. by Clive Richards). More precisely, you find
the draft of the meat of the chapter: A set of requirements followed
by design checklists for three user groups: Low-vision users, blind
users and users with cognitive and learning disabilities..."

http://www.incobs.de/articles/items/diagram-a11y.html



Media Player Accessibility Comparison Chart

By Ohio State University Web Accessibility Center.

"This matrix is developed and maintained by the Commitee on
Institutional Cooperation Information Technology Accessibility Group
(CIC ITAG) Media Player Accessibility sub-group. Much of its
accessibilty criteria is borrowed from W3C Media Accessibility User
Requirements. Links to projects, references, and comments are in
"notes" associated with matrix cells."

https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/ 1QJVcXx5hTWYBcJbHJD3DrL3hSFVbfy1VQFyADMtrDFY/edit#gid=0



Teaching Accessibility

By teachingaccessibility.com.

"All technology companies that have worked on accessibility have faced
a similar challenge of preparing designers, engineers and researchers
to think and build inclusively. Similarly, academic programs in
design, engineering and HCI are seeking ways to better prepare
students to address the needs of diverse populations. Given this
shared challenge, industry, academia and advocacy have now come
together to create models for teaching and training students of
technology to create accessible experiences. If you're interested in
working with us, please contact teachingaccessibility@... and
@teachaccess."

http://teachingaccessibility.com/



This Small Change Could Make a Big Difference for Accessible Technology

By Hayley Tsukayama.

"Tech firms such as Yahoo, Facebook, Dropbox and LinkedIn announced
Thursday that they will develop standard language that lets applicants
know that having accessibility knowledge is 'preferred' to land a job.
The move is part of a larger program called 'Teaching Accessibility':
a joint effort between disability advocates, schools and the tech
industry to make all technology accessible from the start."

https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-switch/wp/2015/07/23/ this-small-change-could-make-a-big-difference-for-accessible-technology/



Silicon Valley Vows To Improve Tech For People With Disabilities

By Lorenzo Ligato.

"At 19 percent of the U.S. population, people with disabilities
represent the largest minority group in the country, but basic
technologies are often inaccessible to them. Despite an increasing
number of tools, a lack of industry-wide expertise in accessibility
development still stands as a barrier to creating technology everyone
can truly use..."

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/silicon-valley-
accessibility-people-with-disabilities_55b23b15e4b0224d8831d789



Accessibility for WordPress (Video)

By Joe Dolson.

"If you build a website with WordPress, build it with accessibility in
mind. Making your content, themes, navigation, and other site features
accessible helps everyone-including visitors who want to find your
site through search engine results...

http://www.lynda.com/sdk/ course-tutorials/Accessibility-WordPress/374185-2.html




+02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.



CSS is Alive and Well

By Louis Lazaris.

"Due to the ever-growing popularity of React, Facebook's user
interface library, there has been some discussion on the topic of CSS
and whether or not it has a future in its current form - that is, in
the form of declarations in a separate stylesheet that provide
presentation information for a given page or section of markup..."

http://www.sitepoint.com/css-is-alive-and-well/



Modern CSS Layout, Power and Responsibility

By Rachel Andrew.

"With this power comes great responsibility. For just as it will be
possible for a developer to start out with a beautifully semantic,
well structured document and use Grid and Flexbox to meet the design
requirements, it will be possible for them to stop caring about the
document structure at all. Worse, I believe there will be a strong
temptation, especially with Grid, to flatten out document structure in
order that all elements become a child of the element with the Grid
declared. Making layout simple, but at what cost?.."

https://www.rachelandrew.co.uk/archives/ 2015/07/28/modern-css-layout-power-and-responsibility/



Vendor Prefixes And Market Reality

By Karl Dubost.

"...The mess we are all involved is due to WebKit prefixes and the
leader position they have on the mobile market can really help. This
mess killed Opera Presto on mobile, which had to switch to Blink.
Let's all create a better story for the Web and understand fully the
consequences of our decisions. It's not only about technology, but
also economic dynamics and market realities..."

http://www.otsukare.info/2015/07/29/vendor-prefixes-market



A Look at Length Units in CSS

By Gajendar Singh.

"...Measuring things is as important an aspect of web design, as any
other. The fact that we have at least 10 different measurement units
in CSS speaks for itself..."

http://www.sitepoint.com/look-at-length-units-in-css/




+03: EVALUATION & TESTING.




A/B Testing Mobile Apps - Q&A with Apptimize

By Nancy Hua.

"Today's post is a Q&A session with Nancy Hua, CEO of Apptimize..."

http://www.usertesting.com/blog/2015/07/22/ab-testing-mobile-apps/



5 Essential Statistical Tests and Calculators

By Jeff Sauro.

"...With the five tests I cover here, you can test most of your
hypotheses in the customer experience..."

https://measuringu.com/blog/five-essential-tests.php




+04: EVENTS.




Mobility and Modern Web Conference
September 16-18 2015.
Los Angeles, California U.S.A.
http://mmwcon.org/



Thunder Plains Developer Conference
November 3, 2015.
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, U.S.A.
http://thunderplainsconf.com/



Frontiers of Interaction 2015: FrontiersX
November 12-13, 2015.
Milan, Italy
http://2015.frontiersofinteraction.com/



NationJS
November 12-13, 2015.
Silver Spring, Maryland, U.S.A.
http://nationjs.com/



Full Stack Toronto Conference
November 14-15, 2015.
Toronto, Canada
http://fsto.co/




+05: JAVASCRIPT.




5 Rules For Using ARIA Roles, States, And Properties

By Steven Bradley.

"How do you know when to use ARIA and when it isn't necessary..."

http://www.vanseodesign.com/web-design/five-rules-aria-html/



ARIA-Orientation (Property)

By Rakesh Paladugula.

"Aria-orientation property is used to indicate if an element is
oriented horizontally or vertically on a web page. aria-orientation is
used on components such as separators, scrollbars and spin buttons..."

http://www.maxability.co.in/2015/07/aria-orientation-property/



New Regular Expression Features in ECMAScript 6

By Axel Rauschmayer.

"This blog post explains new regular expression features in ECMAScript 6..."

http://www.2ality.com/2015/07/regexp-es6.html




+06: MISCELLANEOUS.




The Future of Accessible Software - Sharron Rush Interview

By Divya Mulanjur.

"Partners on Employment and Accessible Technology (PEAT) recently
interviewed Knowbility's Executive Director, Sharron Rush, on her
thoughts regarding the future of accessible technology..."

http://blog.knowbility.org/content/ the-future-of-accessible-software-sharron-rush-interview/



Moving the Web Platform Forward

By Philippe le Hegaret.

"The Web Platform keeps moving forward every day.."

http://www.w3.org/blog/2015/07/moving-the-web-platform-forward/



Stop Pushing the Web Forward

By Peter-Paul Koch.

"Fair warning. You're going to hate this one. I want to stop pushing
the web forward for a while. I want a moratorium on new browser
features for about a year or so."

http://www.quirksmode.org/blog/archives/2015/07/stop_pushing_th.html



Publishing Versus Performance: Our Struggle for the Soul of the Web

By Jeffery Zeldman.

"My soul is in twain. Two principles on which clued-in web folk
heartily agree are coming more and more often into conflict..."

http://www.zeldman.com/2015/07/29/ publishing-versus-performance-our-struggle-for-the-soul-of-the-web/




+07: USABILITY.




My Definitive Guide to Why CAPTCHA Sucks

By Paul Boag.

"CAPTCHA is one of the most damaging and unnecessary user interface
elements. Those that use CAPTCHA cannot claim to be user centric in
their approach..."

https://boagworld.com/usability/my-definitive-guide-to-why-captcha-sucks/


Mobile Faceted Search with a Tray: New and Improved Design Pattern

By Kathryn Whitenton.

"Displaying faceted-search controls on mobile devices in a 'tray'
overlay is a new effective solution to the challenge of showing both
results and filters on small screens."

http://www.nngroup.com/articles/mobile-faceted-search/



Indicators, Validations, and Notifications: Pick the Correct

Communication Option

By Kim Flaherty.

"Status feedback is crucial to the success of any system. Knowing when
to use 3 common communication methods is key to supporting users."

http://www.nngroup.com/articles/indicators-validations-notifications/



6 Tips Every UX Researcher Should Memorize

By Hannah Alvarez.

"When you're conducting UX research, your goal is to get consistent
and reliable feedback on how users naturally interact with a product.
You're looking to find pain points in the user experience, identifying
any areas where users become confused. But if your test plan is
faulty, then you won't be able to tell what was actually confusing the
participants: the product or the test itself..."

http://www.usertesting.com/blog/2015/07/23/6-ux-research-tips/



How to Use the Psychology of Choice to Increase Online Sales

By Spencer Lanoue.

"...if you give people too many options they're far less likely to
click, subscribe, or buy your product..."

http://www.usertesting.com/blog/2015/07/28/ how-to-use-the-psychology-of-choice-to-increase-online-sales/





[Section one ends.]





++ SECTION TWO:




+08: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?




Accessibility Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/accessibility.html



Association Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/associations.html



Book Listings.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/books.html



Cascading Style Sheets Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/css.html



Color Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/color.html


Drupal Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/drupal.html



Evaluation & Testing Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/testing.html



Event Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/events.html



HTML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/html.html



Information Architecture Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/architecture.html



JavaScript Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/javascript.html



Miscellaneous Web Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/misc.html



Navigation Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/navigation.html



PHP Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/php.html



Sites & Blogs Listing.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/sites.html



Standards, Guidelines & Pattern Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/standards.html



Tool Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/tools.html



Typography Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/type.html



Usability Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/usability.html



XML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/xml.html




[Section two ends.]




++END NOTES.




+ SUBSCRIPTION INFO.




WEB DESIGN UPDATE is available by subscription. For information on how
to subscribe and unsubscribe please visit:


http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/webdev_listserv.html


The Web Design Reference Site also has a RSS 2.0 feed for site updates.




+ TEXT EMAIL NEWSLETTER (TEN).



As a navigation aid for screen readers we do our best to conform to
the accessible Text Email Newsletter (TEN) guidelines. Please let me
know if there is anything else we can do to make navigation easier.
For TEN guideline information please visit:


http://www.headstar.com/ten




+ SIGN OFF.



Until next time,




Laura L. Carlson

Information Technology Systems and Services

University of Minnesota Duluth

Duluth, MN U.S.A. 55812-3009

mailto:lcarlson@d.umn.edu





[Issue ends.]




..


..

JOURNALS: ACADEMIC RESEARCH JOURNALS : JOURNALS: PEER REVIEWED AND REFEREED : PERIODICALS: DIRECTORIES : PERIODICALS OPEN ACCESS : PUBLISHERS PUBLISHING AND PUBLICATIONS : BUSINESS: COMPANIES: NAMED COMPANIES: ELSEVIER : Open Access Journals FROM Elsevier

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


JOURNALS: ACADEMIC RESEARCH JOURNALS :

JOURNALS: PEER REVIEWED AND REFEREED :

PERIODICALS: DIRECTORIES :

PERIODICALS OPEN ACCESS :

PUBLISHERS PUBLISHING AND PUBLICATIONS :

BUSINESS: COMPANIES: NAMED COMPANIES: ELSEVIER :

Open Access Journals FROM Elsevier

..

..


Open Access Journals FROM Elsevier

http://www.elsevier.com/about/open-science/open-access/open-access-journals

..

..



Open access journals

All articles published in Elsevier open access journals are peer reviewed and upon acceptance will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.

..

Published articles:

Are fully peer reviewed

Are immediately free to access and download from ScienceDirect

Permitted re-use defined by the author's choice of Creative Commons
user licenses

Published with CrossMark to maintain the publication record

..

Open access publication fee

A fee is payable by the author, or their institution or funder to cover the publication costs. Fees range from $500 to $5,000 US Dollars. Visit your journal's homepages for specific pricing information.
Funding body agreements

..

To ensure authors can comply with open access policies, Elsevier has established agreements with a number of funding bodies. List of agreements

..

..

AZ Directory of open access journals

..

Content Sample of Titles Listed

..

Achievements in the Life Sciences

Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B

Addictive Behaviors Reports

African Journal of Emergency Medicine

African Journal of Urology

Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia

Ain Shams Engineering Journal

AKCE International Journal of Graphs and Combinatorics

Alexandria Engineering Journal

Alexandria Journal of Medicine

Alzheimer's and Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment and Disease Monitoring

Alzheimer's and Dementia: Translational Research and Clinical Interventions

Ampersand

Analytical Chemistry Research

Annals of Agricultural Sciences

Annals of Medicine and Surgery

Applied and Translational Genomics

Applied Computing and Informatics

Aquaculture Reports

Aquatic Procedia

Aquatic Procedia

Arab Economic and Business Journal

Arabian Journal of Chemistry

Arab Journal of Mathematical Sciences

Arab Journal of Urology

Archivos de Cardiolog de Mico

Arthroplasty Today

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences

Atenci Primaria

[Above is a list of all titles beginning with the letter A,
below are some more titles selectively included from the complete list]

Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports

Biotechnology Reports

Burnout Research

Case Reports in Women's Health

Case Studies in Construction Materials

Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis

Case Studies in Fire Safety

Case Studies in Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation

Cell Reports

Climate Risk Management

Clinical Ovarian and Other Gynecologic Cancer

Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology

Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications

Current Plant Biology

Current Therapeutic Research

Data in Brief

Defence Technology

Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

Diagnostics in Neuropsychiatry

EBioMedicine

Electronic Journal of Biotechnology

Energy Reports

Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal

Epidemics

Epilepsy and Behavior Case Reports

Food Science and Human Wellness

Frontiers of Architectural Research

Future Dental Journal

Future Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences

Fuzzy Information and Engineering

Genes and Diseases

Genomics Data

Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics

Geoscience Frontiers

Global Ecology and Conservation

Gynecologic Oncology Reports

HBRC Journal

HeartRhythm Case Reports

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Human Pathology: Case Reports

Informatics in Medicine Unlocked

Information Processing in Agriculture

Intellectual Economics

Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery

International Comparative Jurisprudence

International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance

International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife

International Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences

International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine

International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science

International Journal of Infectious Diseases

International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine

International Journal of Surgery Case Reports

International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine

Journal of Advanced Research

Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity

Journal of Bone Oncology

Journal of Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery

Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology

Journal of Marine and Island Cultures

Journal of Materials Research and Technology

Journal of Nutrition and Intermediary Metabolism

Journal of Palaeogeography

Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports

Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences

Journal of Sport and Health Science

Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine

Journal of Urban Management

Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases

Leukemia Research Reports

Materials Today

Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports

Molecular Metabolism

Neurobiology of Stress

New Negatives in Plant Science

NFS Journal
The NFS Journal publishes high-quality original research articles and methods papers presenting cutting-edge scientific advances as well as review articles on current topics in all areas of nutrition and food science .

NRIAG Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics

Nuclear Materials and Energy

NursingPlus Open

NursingPlus Open

One Health

Operations Research Perspectives

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Cases

Osteoporosis and Sarcopenia

Pacific Science Review

Papillomavirus Research

Parasite Epidemiology and Control

Pediatric Dentistry Case Reports

Perspectives in Medicine

Perspectives in Science

Photoacoustics

Physics in Medicine

Plant Gene

Practical Laboratory Medicine

Preventive Medicine Reports

Procedia Economics and Finance

Procedia Environmental Sciences

Procedia Food Science

Procedia in Vaccinology

Procedia Manufacturing

Procedia Materials Science

Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences

Procedia Technology

Radiology Case Reports

Radiology of Infectious Diseases

Reproductive Biomedicine and Society Online

Respiratory Medicine Case Reports

Results in Immunology

Results in Pharma Sciences

Review of Development Finance

Schizophrenia Research: Cognition

SSM - Population Health

Stem Cell Reports

Stem Cell Research

Sustainable Materials and Technologies

The Lancet Global Health

Toxicology Reports

Translational Medicine in Diabetes, Lipids and Cardiovascular Prevention

Video Journal and Encyclopedia of GI Endoscopy

Water Resources and Industry

Water Science

Weather and Climate Extremes



..

..




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html






..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS : MEDICINE : HEALTH : UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: THE CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION : SOCIAL MEDIA : SOCIAL NETWORKING: CDC's Guide to Writing for Social Media

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

MEDICINE :

HEALTH :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:
THE CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION :

SOCIAL MEDIA :

SOCIAL NETWORKING:

CDC's Guide to Writing for Social Media

..

..


CDC's Guide to Writing for Social Media

http://www.cdc.gov/socialmedia/Tools/guidelines/ pdf/GuidetoWritingforSocialMedia.pdf

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/8x6kew6

..

..


Table of Contents

..

Acknowledgements

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction

What Is Social Media?

What Is This Guide For? How Should It Be Used?

Social Media and Communication Strategy

Chapter 2: Before You Start

Target Audiences, Health Literacy and Plain Language, and Social Marketing

Chapter 3: Principles of Effective Social Media Writing

Creating Content

Examples of Relevant, Useful, and Interesting Messages

Chapter 4: How to Write for Facebook

Profiles and Pages

Best Practices for Writing CDC Facebook Posts

Sample CDC Facebook Posts

Chapter 5: How to Write for Twitter

Twitter Syntax

Anatomy of a Tweet

Best Practices for Writing CDC Tweets

Sample CDC Tweets

Chapter 6: How to Write Text Messages

Best Practices for Writing CDC Text Messages

Sample CDC Text Messages

Chapter 7: How to Use Your Web Content as Source Material for Social Media

Content

Make Social Media Writing Easier by Repurposing Web Content

Plan to Rewrite Your Web Content for Use in Social Media

Chapter 8: Hands-On Practice in Revising Social Media Content

Improve These Draft Facebook Posts

Improve These Draft Tweets

Improve These Draft Text Messages

Improved Facebook Posts

Improved Tweets

Improved Text Messages

Chapter 9: Checklist for Writing for Social Media

Chapter 10: Glossary

Facebook Terms

Twitter Terms

Texting Terms

Chapter 11: Social Media Writing Resources

CDC's Social Media and Writing Resources

Federal Agencies' Social Media and Writing Resources

State Government Social Media and Writing Resources

Other Social Media and Writing Resources

Appendix A: Audience Segmentation

Audience Information, by Age

Audience Information, by Role


..

..


Content Sample

..


Chapter 1: Introduction

..

What Is Social Media?

..

Beginning in the early part of the 21st century, Web applications began to change the way we communicate. A single personwho before had been limited to a point-to-point communication method such as face-to-face conversation or a telephone callcan now reach an audience of hundreds or thousands of people with a single click. One-to-many communication channels, such as television or radio advertising, had previously been expensive and their reach limited to a general audience. We have since seen a dramatic increase in the use of online and other electronic tools (e.g., Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, blogs, and texting) for sharing and creating content, which in this document are collectively called social media. Companies and government agencies are discovering how to harness the power of social media to expand the reach of their marketing and communication messages.
For those of us in health communication, social media tools such as Facebook, Twitter, and text messaging allow us to expand our reach, foster engagement, and increase access to credible, science-based health messages. Social media can help organizations achieve the after goals:


Disseminate health and safety information in a timelier manner.

Increase the potential impact of important messages.

Leverage networks of people to make information sharing easier.

Create different messages to reach diverse audiences.

Personalize health messages and target them to a particular audience.

Engage with the public.

Empower people to make safer and healthier decisions.

..

When integrated into health communication campaigns and activities, social media can encourage participation, conversation, and communityall of which can help spread key messages, influence decision making, and promote behavior change. Social media also helps to reach people when, where, and how its convenient for them, which improves the availability of content and might influence satisfaction and trust in the health messages delivered.

..

Social media is also a key tool in building awareness and credibility. According to the Pew Internet & American Life Project report in 2011, Social Networking Sites and Our Lives, nearly half of adults (47%) used at least one social networking site in 2010. That number is growing quickly, nearly doubling from 2008 (26%). Social networks are places where people gather information from experts and peers to help them make health decisions.

..

April, 2012 CDCs Guide to Writing for Social Media Page 3

..

What Is This Guide For? How Should It Be Used?

..

As a health communicator, you craft health and safety messages that can have a profound impact on the public. Using social media, these messages can reach more audiences and have an even greater impact on the public. This Guide aims to assist you in translating your messages so they resonate and are relevant to social media audiences, and encourage action, engagement, and interaction. It is largely tactical, giving you specific ways to write for social media channels.

..

Although a wide variety of social media tools exist, this Guide will focus on three specific channels: Facebook, Twitter, and text messages (short message service, or SMS). For information on other channels, social networking sites, and microblogs, visit CDCs Social Media Tools, Guidelines and Best Practices at



http://www.cdc.gov/SocialMedia/Tools/guidelines/.



Social Media and Communication Strategy

..

Keep in mind that social media is one tool in a larger communication strategy. Always consider your overarching communication goals when developing social media activities.

..

As with all media outreach, the keys to an effective social media presence are to

Identify your target audience.

Determine your objective.

Select the appropriate channel for your message.

Decide upfront how much time and effort you can invest.

..

You can learn more about social media strategy in The Health Communicators


Social Media Toolkit at

http://www.cdc.gov/healthcommunication/ ToolsTemplates/SocialMediaToolkit_BM.pdf


OR


http://tinyurl.com/2clpcbm


..

..


Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
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Research Guides
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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
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INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
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HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
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..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
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..

..

SPORTS MEDICINE : MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: OBESITY : MEDICAL: DISEASES: DIABETES : MEDICAL: TREATMENTS: Exercise-Mimicking Molecule May Offer New Treatments for Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes

David P. Dillard
 

..

..



SPORTS MEDICINE :

MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: OBESITY :

MEDICAL: TREATMENTS :

MEDICAL: DISEASES: DIABETES :

Exercise-Mimicking Molecule
May Offer New Treatments for Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes

..

..


Exercise-Mimicking Molecule
May Offer New Treatments for Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes

Published: Tuesday 28 July 2015 at 8am PST

Honor Whiteman

Medical News Today (MNT)

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/297363.php

..

..


Researchers from the UK have developed a molecule that mimics exercise - a creation they say could lead to treatments for obesity and type 2 diabetes.

..

The new molecule - called "compound 14" - was developed by Ali Tavassoli, professor of chemical biology at the UK's University of Southampton, and his research team.

..

Compound 14 works by blocking the function of a cellular enzyme called ATIC, which plays an important role in metabolism.

..

Blocking ATIC function leads to accumulation of a molecule called ZMP in cells, which activates cells' central energy sensor - called AMPK - causing them to think they are low in energy. As such, the cells attempt to boost energy levels by increasing metabolism and uptake of glucose.

..

For their study, Tavassoli and colleagues tested compound 14 on two groups of mice. One group was fed a normal diet while the other was fed a high-fat diet, making them obese and glucose intolerant - a sign of prediabetes.

..

Their findings were recently published in the journal Chemistry & Biology.

..

The team found that mice treated with compound 14 who were fed a normal diet retained a normal weight and blood glucose levels.

..

However, mice fed a high-fat diet who were treated with a single dose of the compound demonstrated a reduction in blood glucose levels, bringing them to near-normal.

..

In addition, when the mice fed a high-fat diet were given a single dose of compound 14 daily for 7 days, their glucose tolerance improved and they shed approximately 5% of their body weight.

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..



Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
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PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
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Blog
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Twitter: davidpdillard

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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
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INDOOR GARDENING
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HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html



..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
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Temple University Listserv Alert :
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..

..

SPORTS MEDICINE : MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: OBESITY : MEDICAL: DISEASES: DIABETES : MEDICAL: TREATMENTS: Exercise Mimic Molecule May Help Treat Diabetes and Obesity

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


SPORTS MEDICINE :

MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: OBESITY :

MEDICAL: DISEASES: DIABETES :

MEDICAL: TREATMENTS:

Exercise Mimic Molecule May Help Treat Diabetes and Obesity

..

..


Exercise Mimic Molecule May Help Treat Diabetes and Obesity

Date:

July 27, 2015

Source:

University of Southampton

Summary:

Scientists have developed a molecule that acts as an exercise mimic, which could potentially help treat type 2 diabetes and obesity. The new molecule, called 'compound 14', inhibits the function of a cellular enzyme called ATIC, which is involved in metabolism, leading to the build-up of a molecule called ZMP in cells. This increase in ZMP makes cells think that they have run out of energy by activating the cell's central energy sensor, known as AMPK, thereby causing cells to try and increase their energy levels by increasing glucose uptake and metabolis

Science Daily

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/07/150727092803.htm

..

..


Scientists from the University of Southampton have developed a molecule that acts as an exercise mimic, which could potentially help treat type 2 diabetes and obesity.

..

The new molecule, called 'compound 14', inhibits the function of a cellular enzyme called ATIC, which is involved in metabolism, leading to the build-up of a molecule called ZMP in cells. This increase in ZMP makes cells think that they have run out of energy by activating the cell's central energy sensor, known as AMPK, thereby causing cells to try and increase their energy levels by increasing glucose uptake and metabolism.

..

Publishing in the journal Chemistry and Biology, the researchers found that activating AMPK with compound 14 led to a reduction in fasting blood glucose levels, improved glucose tolerance and, at the same time, promoted weight loss in obese mice.

..

Dr Ali Tavassoli, Professor of Chemical Biology at the University of Southampton whose research team discovered and developed compound 14, says: "There is a lot of evidence from previous studies that if you could selectively activate AMPK with a small molecule, it could have potential benefits in the treatment of several diseases, including type 2 diabetes, by acting as an exercise mimetic and increasing the uptake and usage of glucose and oxygen by cells. Our molecule, which activates AMPK by altering cellular metabolism, therefore holds much promise as a potential therapeutic agent."

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..


Journal Reference:


Daniel J. Asby, Francesco Cuda, Maxime Beyaert, Franchesca D. Houghton, Felino R. Cagampang, Ali Tavassoli. AMPK Activation via Modulation of De Novo Purine Biosynthesis with an Inhibitor of ATIC Homodimerization. Chemistry & Biology, 2015; 22 (7): 838 DOI: 10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.06.008

..

Cite This Page:

University of Southampton. "Exercise mimic molecule may help treat diabetes and obesity." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 27 July 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/07/150727092803.htm>.


..

..



Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
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Blog
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Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
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http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
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HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html



..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
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..

..

SPORTS MEDICINE : MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: OBESITY : MEDICAL: DISEASES: DIABETES : MEDICAL: TREATMENTS: FDA Approves ReShape Dual Balloon Device to Treat Obesity

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


[SportMed] SPORTS MEDICINE : MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: OBESITY :

MEDICAL: DISEASES: DIABETES :

MEDICAL: TREATMENTS:

FDA Approves ReShape Dual Balloon Device to Treat Obesity

..

..


FDA Approves ReShape Dual Balloon Device to Treat Obesity

Robert Lowes

Disclosures

July 28, 2015

Medscape

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/848767

..

..


The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today approved a new nonsurgical weapon in the fight against obesity a pair of connected saline-filled balloons that are temporarily implanted in the stomach to trigger a feeling of fullness and jump-start weight loss.

..

The device, called the ReShape Dual Balloon (ReShape Medical), is inserted endoscopically through the mouth and then filled with saline solution. The outpatient procedure takes less than 30 minutes while the patient is mildly sedated.

..

The FDA said that the satiety-inducing ReShape Dual Balloon does not alter the stomach's natural anatomy. The intragastric device, which should be removed after 6 months, is meant to accompany a medically supervised diet and exercise program. It is indicated specifically for obese adults with a body mass index of 30 to 40 kg/m2 with one or more obesity-related conditions such as diabetes who have failed to lose weight through diet and exercise alone.

..

snip

..

Physicians in other countries such as Canada, Italy, France, and Brazil have used intragastric, saline-filled balloons for years to treat obesity. The ReShape Dual Balloon has been available in the European Union since December 2011, according to the manufacturer.

..

..



Obesity and Weight Management

FDA approves ReShape intragastric balloon device for weight loss

By: ELIZABETH MECHCATIE,

Clinical Endocrinology News Digital Network

July 31, 2015

http://www.clinicalendocrinologynews.com/specialty-focus/obesity/
single-article-page/fda-approves-reshape-intragastric-balloon-
device-for-weight-loss/e332ab491653df0405a30e2c3a51d5a0.html

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/oa28js6

..

..


The first intragastric balloonbased device designed to help obese people lose weight has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration, providing a treatment option that is less invasive than bariatric surgery and gastric banding.

..

snip

..

The device was evaluated in a pivotal study at eight U.S. sites of over 300 mostly female obese patients whose mean age was about 44 years; their mean weight was about 209-213 pounds, and their mean BMI was about 35 kg/m2; 187 received the device and 139 had the endoscopy only. All participants were on a medically managed diet and exercise program. At 6 months, those in the device group had lost a mean of about 24% of their weight, vs. a mean of about 11% among controls, a statistically significant difference (P = .0041). Those who had lost weight at 6 months maintained 60% of this weight loss through 48 weeks of follow-up, according to the FDA.

..

After placement of the device, common adverse events were vomiting, nausea, and abdominal pain, but most symptoms resolved within 30 days, according to the FDA. The development of gastric ulcerations is described as the most worrisome device-related risk, but there were no unanticipated adverse device effects, no deaths, no intestinal obstructions, and no gastric perforations in the study.

..

snip

..


Information posted by the FDA, including labeling for professionals, is available at

http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/ cfdocs/cfTopic/pma/pma.cfm?num=P140012


OR


http://tinyurl.com/otskepl

..

..


Press Release from the Manufacturer

ReShape is Now FDA Approved in the United States

July 28, 2015

http://pro.reshapeready.com/now-fda-approved-in-the-united-states/


..

..

The complete articles may be read at the URLs provided for each.

..

..





Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
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PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
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Blog
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Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
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INDOOR GARDENING
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https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html





..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
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The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
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..

..

SPORTS MEDICINE : MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: OBESITY : MEDICAL: DISEASES: DIABETES : MEDICAL: TREATMENTS: Friday Feedback: Expanding Options to Treat Obesity

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


SPORTS MEDICINE :

MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: OBESITY :

MEDICAL: DISEASES: DIABETES :

MEDICAL: TREATMENTS:

Friday Feedback: Expanding Options to Treat Obesity

..

..


Friday Feedback: Expanding Options to Treat Obesity

Experts weigh in on pros and cons of new treatments

Endocrinology

07.31.2015

by Molly Walker

Medpage Today

http://www.medpagetoday.com/Endocrinology/Obesity/52879

..

..


The FDA has approved ReShape, a dual balloon system for temporary treatment of obesity, which means there are now three devices -- the dual balloons, the gastric band, and the vagal nerve stimulator -- as well as bypass surgery and several drugs, available to treat obesity.

..

We contacted a variety of clinicians via e-mail to ask:

..

What effect, if any, will this plethora of treatment options have on the willingness of medical professionals to tackle obesity?

..

Will these expanded options prove to be a public health benefit or will the result be unnecessary care and yet another spike in healthcare costs?

..

snip

..

Lori Rosenthal, MS: "To lose weight for life it takes a commitment to healthy dietary and lifestyle changes. There is no magic quick fix. Weight loss drugs and the balloon are temporary aids to help promote weight loss. For some people that are having difficulty with mobility, these can give the weight loss boost needed to begin exercising. They can also be good to consider for those that are not comfortable or ready for weight loss surgery. Even bariatric surgery is a tool. If we don't learn how to use the tool properly it will not be effective. These can be effective when used along with healthy dietary and lifestyle modifications. It's very important to follow up with the doctor when using these aids to prevent health complications and nutrient deficiencies."

..

snip

..


Leavey: "Unfortunately, obese individuals have a tendency to try this or that technique, device or program looking for an instant fix. If those choices involve healthcare costs, as opposed to out of pocket discretionary spending, they may, in fact, result in an increase in healthcare dollars spent, rather than of pounds lost. Physicians stand in a pivotal position with the ability to direct efforts to the most cost effective and weight loss effective programs, saving money and lives.

..

snip

..

Gosmanov: "Obesity is a chronic medical problem. Any provider who initiates pharmacological therapy to treat obesity should be aware that therapy is long term. There are many options available ranging from over-the-counter to prescription medications to help lose weight. However, the number of options may not translate into success. Diet and physical activity are the foundations of any weight-loss program, whether with or without a weight-loss 'pill.' A lifestyle change is the most difficult task to accomplish in real life. Therefore, I believe more does not mean better, because we are still behind in educating our patients how to help lose weight using non-pharmacological approaches."


..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
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http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
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PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
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Blog
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Articles by David Dillard
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Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html





..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
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Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS : UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT : PROPOSALS : WRITING AND WRITERS: PROPOSAL WRITING: A Guide for Proposal Writing. FROM National Science Foundation. Directorate for Education and Human Resources Division of Undergraduate Education

David P. Dillard
 

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WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT :

PROPOSALS :

WRITING AND WRITERS: PROPOSAL WRITING:

A Guide for Proposal Writing.

FROM National Science Foundation.

Directorate for Education and Human Resources

Division of Undergraduate Education

..

..


A Guide for Proposal Writing.

FROM National Science Foundation.

Directorate for Education and Human Resources

Division of Undergraduate Education

http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2004/nsf04016/nsf04016.pdf

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Table of Contents
Introduction
Program Information
Review Process
Criteria for Evaluation
I. Intellectual Merit
II. Broader Impacts
ADVICE TO PROPOSAL WRITERS
Step 1 - Before You Write
Getting Started
Gathering Background Information
Looking at the Program Solicitation or Announcement
Thinking About the Target Audience
Building Coalitions
Other Considerations
Step 2 - Writing the Proposal
Writing the Proposal Narrative
Including Budget Information
Writing the Credentials of the PI and Other Staff
Including Evaluation and Dissemination Information
Letters of Endorsement
Project Summary and Project Data Form
Step 3 - Before Sending Your Proposal to NSF
Learning More About the Review Process
Getting Advice
Before Finishing the Proposal
Little Things That Can Make a Difference
Step 4 - Awards and Declinations
If The Grant is Awarded
If Your Proposal is Not Funded
A Final Note

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Sample Content

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A GUIDE FOR PROPOSAL WRITING

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INTRODUCTION

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The staff of the Division of Undergraduate Education (DUE) at the National Science Foundation (NSF) often provide informal guidance to proposers. Staff members give workshops on proposal writing, answer questions by phone and e-mail, and talk to potential awardees at professional meetings and at NSF. The following is the essence of the advice often given to inquirers. These suggestions for improving proposals were collected from a variety of sources, including NSF Program Directors, panel reviewers, and successful grantees. Ultimately, most proposals are peer reviewed in panels consisting of colleagues in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics disciplines or related fields, and the success in obtaining funding depends in great measure on reviewers' judgments and their written reviews.

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While this Guide may provide valuable information for proposal writing in general, it was specifically prepared for programs in DUE. Because programs, priorities, technologies, funding levels, and many other details change, advice in this Guide will also change with time. Following the advice given here certainly does not guarantee funding although we hope it will help applicants write better and more competitive proposals. Another factor that must be considered is that NSF receives many more proposals that are worthy of funding than there are funds to support. National priorities and the desire for a balanced portfolio of projects influence what is ultimately funded.

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We hope that you find this Guide informative. NSF, together with creative partners, makes an important difference in undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education.

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"What makes a good proposal?" A good proposal stems from a good concept. The best proposals are those to which the reviewers respond, "Of course, I wish I had thought of that!"

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The most important thing is a project that will benefit undergraduate education and directly improve student opportunities to learn. That said, however, the proposal must be written in sufficient detail to allow reviewers to understand:


o what the project hopes to accomplish;


o if the project personnel have the necessary expertise to accomplish the goals and objectives;


o the potential of the project to improve undergraduate education;


o the national impact and cost effectiveness of the project; and


o evaluation and dissemination plans.

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Carefully read the Program Solicitation or Announcement (both defined below). The Program Solicitation or Announcement gives the most current information available. For the relevant program it provides,


(a) a rationale,

(b) an overview,

(c) detailed program information,

(d) instructions for preparing and submitting proposals, and

(e) special review criteria, if any.

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This is the best possible guide for preparing a proposal for a DUE program and should be read carefully and followed precisely. There are no hidden agendas. Proposals are funded in a competitive system based on merit.

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Program Announcements

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The term "program announcement" includes formal NSF publications that announce NSF Programs. Program announcements utilize the generic eligibility and proposal preparation guidelines specified in the Grant Proposal Guide and incorporate the National Science Board (NSB) approved merit review criteria (intellectual merit and broader impacts). These funding opportunities do not specify additional award conditions or reporting requirements, and do not require specific cost sharing beyond the required statutory (1%) amount.

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Proposals submitted in response to program announcements are considered "unsolicited." This means that the resulting awards are subject to the statutory cost sharing requirement.

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Program Solicitations

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Program solicitations are used to encourage the submission of proposals in specific program areas of interest to NSF. They generally are more focused than program announcements, normally apply for a limited period of time, and include specific proposal due dates. Competition among proposals is more precisely defined than with program announcements.

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When a program solicitation is used, the proposals received compete directly with each other. Accordingly, programs using solicitations will be responsible for systematic evaluation, including comparative analysis of scientific, educational, and/or technical aspects, cost, and other significant factors within all proposals in accordance with the criteria specified in the program solicitation.

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Proposals submitted in response to program solicitations are considered "solicited". This means that the resulting awards are not subject to the statutory cost sharing requirement. Cost sharing is not required unless explicitly included in the solicitation.


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The complete publication may be read at the URL above.

..

..



Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
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Educator-Gold
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K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html






..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

WRITING AND WRITERS: GRANT WRITING : WRITING AND WRITERS: GUIDES AND HANDBOOKS : GRANTS : UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: CATALOG OF FEDERAL DOMESTIC ASSISTANCE. GRANT WRITING: Grant Writing FROM The Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA)

David P. Dillard
 

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WRITING AND WRITERS: GRANT WRITING :

WRITING AND WRITERS: GUIDES AND HANDBOOKS :

GRANTS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: CATALOG OF FEDERAL DOMESTIC ASSISTANCE.
GRANT WRITING:

Grant Writing FROM The Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA)

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Grant Writing FROM The Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA)

https://www.cfda.gov/?s=generalinfo&mode= list&tab=list&tabmode=list&static=overview

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A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/oqj72d6

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CFDA Overview
Writing Grants
Types of Assistance
Electronic Download
Management Responsibility
Frequently Asked Questions


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Writing Grants

PART ONE: DEVELOPING A GRANT PROPOSAL
PART TWO: WRITING THE GRANT PROPOSAL

PART ONE: DEVELOPING A GRANT PROPOSAL

Preparation


A successful grant proposal is one that is well-prepared, thoughtfully planned, and concisely packaged. The potential applicant should become familiar with all of the pertinent program criteria related to the Catalog program from which assistance is sought. Refer to the information contact person listed in the Catalog program description before developing a proposal to obtain information such as whether funding is available, when applicable deadlines occur, and the process used by the grantor agency for accepting applications. Applicants should remember that the basic requirements, application forms, information and procedures vary with the Federal agency making the grant award.

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Individuals without prior grant proposal writing experience may find it useful to attend a grantsmanship workshop. A workshop can amplify the basic information presented here. Applicants interested in additional readings on grantsmanship and proposal development should consult the references listed at the end of this section and explore other library resources.

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INITIAL PROPOSAL DEVELOPMENT

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Developing Ideas for the Proposal

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When developing an idea for a proposal it is important to determine if the idea has been considered in the applicant's locality or State. A careful check should be made with legislators and area government agencies and related public and private agencies which may currently have grant awards or contracts to do similar work. If a similar program already exists, the applicant may need to reconsider submitting the proposed project, particularly if duplication of effort is perceived. If significant differences or improvements in the proposed project's goals can be clearly established, it may be worthwhile to pursue Federal assistance.

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Community Support

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Community support for most proposals is essential. Once proposal summary is developed, look for individuals or groups representing academic, political, professional, and lay organizations which may be willing to support the proposal in writing. The type and caliber of community support is critical in the initial and subsequent review phases. Numerous letters of support can be persuasive to a grantor agency. Do not overlook support from local government agencies and public officials. Letters of endorsement detailing exact areas of project sanction and commitment are often requested as part of a proposal to a Federal agency. Several months may be required to develop letters of endorsement since something of value (e.g., buildings, staff, services) is sometimes negotiated between the parties involved.

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Many agencies require, in writing, affiliation agreements (a mutual agreement to share services between agencies) and building space commitments prior to either grant approval or award. A useful method of generating community support may be to hold meetings with the top decision makers in the community who would be concerned with the subject matter of the proposal. The forum for discussion may include a query into the merits of the proposal, development of a contract of support for the proposal, to generate data in support of the proposal, or development of a strategy to create proposal support from a large number of community groups.

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Identification of a Funding Resource

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A review of the Objectives and Uses and Use Restrictions sections of the Catalog program description can point out which programs might provide funding for an idea. Do not overlook the related programs as potential resources. Both the applicant and the grantor agency should have the same interests, intentions, and needs if a proposal is to be considered an acceptable candidate for funding.

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Once a potential grantor agency is identified, call the contact telephone number identified in Information Contacts and ask for a grant application kit. Later, get to know some of the grantor agency personnel. Ask for suggestions, criticisms, and advice about the proposed project. In many cases, the more agency personnel know about the proposal, the better the chance of support and of an eventual favorable decision. Sometimes it is useful to send the proposal summary to a specific agency official in a separate cover letter, and ask for review and comment at the earliest possible convenience. Always check with the Federal agency to determine its preference if this approach is under consideration. If the review is unfavorable and differences cannot be resolved, ask the examining agency (official) to suggest another department or agency which may be interested in the proposal. A personal visit to the agency's regional office or headquarters is also important. A visit not only establishes face-to-face contact, but also may bring out some essential details about the proposal or help secure literature and references from the agency's library.

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Federal agencies are required to report funding information as funds are approved, increased or decreased among projects within a given State depending on the type of required reporting. Also, consider reviewing the Federal Budget for the current and budget fiscal years to determine proposed dollar amounts for particular budget functions.

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The applicant should carefully study the eligibility requirements for each Federal program under consideration (see the Applicant Eligibility section of the Catalog program description). The applicant may learn that he or she is required to provide services otherwise unintended such as a service to particular client groups, or involvement of specific institutions. It may necessitate the modification of the original concept in order for the project to be eligible for funding. Questions about eligibility should be discussed with the appropriate program officer.

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Deadlines for submitting applications are often not negotiable. They are usually associated with strict timetables for agency review. Some programs have more than one application deadline during the fiscal year. Applicants should plan proposal development around the established deadlines.

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Getting Organized to Write the Proposal

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Throughout the proposal writing stage keep a notebook handy to write down ideas. Periodically, try to connect ideas by reviewing the notebook. Never throw away written ideas during the grant writing stage. Maintain a file labeled "Ideas" or by some other convenient title and review the ideas from time to time. The file should be easily accessible. The gathering of documents such as articles of incorporation, tax exemption certificates, and bylaws should be completed, if possible, before the writing begins.

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REVIEW

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Criticism

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At some point, perhaps after the first or second draft is completed, seek out a neutral third party to review the proposal working draft for continuity, clarity and reasoning. Ask for constructive criticism at this point, rather than wait for the Federal grantor agency to volunteer this information during the review cycle. For example, has the writer made unsupported assumptions or used jargon or excessive language in the proposal?

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Signature

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Most proposals are made to institutions rather than individuals. Often signatures of chief administrative officials are required. Check to make sure they are included in the proposal where appropriate.

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Neatness

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Proposals should be typed, collated, copied, and packaged correctly and neatly (according to agency instructions, if any). Each package should be inspected to ensure uniformity from cover to cover. Binding may require either clamps or hard covers. Check with the Federal agency to determine its preference. A neat, organized, and attractive proposal package can leave a positive impression with the reader about the proposal contents.

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Mailing

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A cover letter should always accompany a proposal. Standard U.S. Postal Service requirements apply unless otherwise indicated by the Federal agency. Make sure there is enough time for the proposals to reach their destinations. Otherwise, special arrangements may be necessary. Always coordinate such arrangements with the Federal grantor agency project office (the agency which will ultimately have the responsibility for the project), the grant office (the agency which will coordinate the grant review), and the contract office (the agency responsible for disbursement and grant award notices), if necessary.

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PART TWO: WRITING THE GRANT PROPOSAL

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The Basic Components of a Proposal

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There are eight basic components to creating a solid proposal package:


(1) the proposal summary;

(2) introduction of organization;

(3) the problem statement (or needs assessment);

(4) project objectives;

(5) project methods or design;

(6) project evaluation;

(7) future funding; and

(8) the project budget. The following will provide an overview of these components.

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The Proposal Summary: Outline of Project Goals

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The proposal summary outlines the proposed project and should appear at the beginning of the proposal. It could be in the form of a cover letter or a separate page, but should definitely be brief -- no longer than two or three paragraphs. The summary would be most useful if it were prepared after the proposal has been developed in order to encompass all the key summary points necessary to communicate the objectives of the project. It is this document that becomes the cornerstone of your proposal, and the initial impression it gives will be critical to the success of your venture. In many cases, the summary will be the first part of the proposal package seen by agency officials and very possibly could be the only part of the package that is carefully reviewed before the decision is made to consider the project any further.

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The applicant must select a fundable project which can be supported in view of the local need. Alternatives, in the absence of Federal support, should be pointed out. The influence of the project both during and after the project period should be explained. The consequences of the project as a result of funding should be highlighted.

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Introduction: Presenting a Credible Applicant or Organization

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The applicant should gather data about its organization from all available sources. Most proposals require a description of an applicant's organization to describe its past and present operations. Some features to consider are:


A brief biography of board members and key staff members.

The organization's goals, philosophy, track record with other grantors, and any success stories.

The data should be relevant to the goals of the Federal grantor agency and should establish the applicant's credibility.

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The Problem Statement: Stating the Purpose at Hand

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The problem statement (or needs assessment) is a key element of a proposal that makes a clear, concise, and well-supported statement of the problem to be addressed. The best way to collect information about the problem is to conduct and document both a formal and informal needs assessment for a program in the FF-4 11-08 target or service area. The information provided should be both factual and directly related to the problem addressed by the proposal. Areas to document are:


The purpose for developing the proposal.

The beneficiaries -- who are they and how will they benefit.

The social and economic costs to be affected.

The nature of the problem (provide as much hard evidence as possible).

How the applicant organization came to realize the problem exists, and what is currently being done about the problem.

The remaining alternatives available when funding has been exhausted. Explain what will happen to the project and the impending implications.

Most importantly, the specific manner through which problems might be solved. Review the resources needed, considering how they will be used and to what end.

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There is a considerable body of literature on the exact assessment techniques to be used. Any local, regional, or State government planning office, or local university offering course work in planning and evaluation techniques should be able to provide excellent background references. Types of data that may be collected include: historical, geographic, quantitative, factual, statistical, and philosophical information, as well as studies completed by colleges, and literature searches from public or university libraries. Local colleges or universities which have a department or section related to the proposal topic may help determine if there is interest in developing a student or faculty project to conduct a needs assessment. It may be helpful to include examples of the findings for highlighting in the proposal.

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Project Objectives: Goals and Desired Outcome

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Program objectives refer to specific activities in a proposal. It is necessary to identify all objectives related to the goals to be reached, and the methods to be employed to achieve the stated objectives. Consider quantities or things measurable and refer to a problem statement and the outcome of proposed activities when developing a well-stated objective. The figures used should be verifiable. Remember, if the proposal is funded, the stated objectives will probably be used to evaluate program progress, so be realistic. There is literature available to help identify and write program objectives.

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Program Methods and Program Design: A Plan of Action

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The program design refers to how the project is expected to work and solve the stated problem. Sketch out the following:

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The activities to occur along with the related resources and staff needed to operate the project(inputs).

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A flow chart of the organizational features of the project. Describe how the parts interrelate, where personnel will be needed, and what they are expected to do. Identify the kinds of facilities, transportation, and support services required (throughputs).

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Explain what will be achieved through 1 and 2 above (outputs); i.e., plan for measurable results. Project staff may be required to produce evidence of program performance through an examination of stated objectives during either a site visit by the Federal grantor agency and or grant reviews which may involve peer review committees.

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It may be useful to devise a diagram of the program design. For example, draw a three column block. Each column is headed by one of the parts (inputs, throughputs and outputs), and on the left 11-08 FF-5 (next to the first column) specific program features should be identified (i.e., implementation, staffing, procurement, and systems development). In the grid, specify something about the program design, for example, assume the first column is labeled inputs and the first row is labeled staff. On the grid one might specify under inputs five nurses to operate a child care unit. The throughput might be to maintain charts, counsel the children, and set up a daily routine; outputs might be to discharge 25 healthy children per week. This type of procedure will help to conceptualize both the scope and detail of the project.

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Wherever possible, justify in the narrative the course of action taken. The most economical method should be used that does not compromise or sacrifice project quality. The financial expenses associated with performance of the project will later become points of negotiation with the Federal program staff. If everything is not carefully justified in writing in the proposal, after negotiation with the Federal grantor agencies, the approved project may resemble less of the original concept. Carefully consider the pressures of the proposed implementation, that is, the time and money needed to acquire each part of the plan. A Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT) chart could be useful and supportive in justifying some proposals.

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The remaining alternatives available when funding has been exhausted. Explain what will happen to the project and the impending implications.

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Highlight the innovative features of the proposal which could be considered distinct from other proposals under consideration.

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Whenever possible, use appendices to provide details, supplementary data, references, and information requiring in-depth analysis. These types of data, although supportive of the proposal, if included in the body of the design, could detract from its readability.

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Appendices provide the proposal reader with immediate access to details if and when clarification of an idea, sequence or conclusion is required. Time tables, work plans, schedules, activities, methodologies, legal papers, personal vitae, letters of support, and endorsements are examples of appendices.

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Evaluation: Product and Process Analysis

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The evaluation component is two-fold: (1) product evaluation; and (2) process evaluation. Product evaluation addresses results that can be attributed to the project, as well as the extent to which the project has satisfied its desired objectives. Process evaluation addresses how the project was conducted, in terms of consistency with the stated plan of action and the effectiveness of the various activities within the plan.

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Most Federal agencies now require some form of program evaluation among grantees. The requirements of the proposed project should be explored carefully. Evaluations may be conducted by an internal staff member, an evaluation firm or both. The applicant should state the amount of time needed to evaluate, how the feedback will be distributed among the proposed staff, and a schedule for review and comment for this type of communication. Evaluation designs may start at the beginning, middle or end of a project, but the applicant should specify a start-up time. It is practical to submit an evaluation design at the start of a project for two reasons:

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Convincing evaluations require the collection of appropriate data before and during program operations; and,

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If the evaluation design cannot be prepared at the outset then a critical review of the program design may be advisable.

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Even if the evaluation design has to be revised as the project progresses, it is much easier and cheaper to modify a good design. If the problem is not well defined and carefully analyzed for cause and effect relationships then a good evaluation design may be difficult to achieve. Sometimes a pilot study is needed to begin the identification of facts and relationships. Often a thorough literature search may be sufficient.

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Evaluation requires both coordination and agreement among program decision makers (if known). Above all, the Federal grantor agency's requirements should be highlighted in the evaluation design. Also, Federal grantor agencies may require specific evaluation techniques such as designated data formats (an existing FF-6 11-08 information collection system) or they may offer financial inducements for voluntary participation in a national evaluation study. The applicant should ask specifically about these points. Also, consult the Criteria For Selecting Proposals section of the Catalog program description to determine the exact evaluation methods to be required for the program if funded.

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Future Funding: Long-Term Project Planning

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Describe a plan for continuation beyond the grant period, and/or the availability of other resources necessary to implement the grant. Discuss maintenance and future program funding if program is for construction activity. Account for other needed expenditures if program includes purchase of equipment.

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The Proposal Budget: Planning the Budget

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Funding levels in Federal assistance programs change yearly. It is useful to review the appropriations over the past several years to try to project future funding levels (see Financial Information section of the Catalog program description).

..

However, it is safer to never anticipate that the income from the grant will be the sole support for the project. This consideration should be given to the overall budget requirements, and in particular, to budget line items most subject to inflationary pressures. Restraint is important in determining inflationary cost projections (avoid padding budget line items), but attempt to anticipate possible future increases.

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Some vulnerable budget areas are: utilities, rental of buildings and equipment, salary increases, food, telephones, insurance, and transportation. Budget adjustments are sometimes made after the grant award, but this can be a lengthy process. Be certain that implementation, continuation and phase-down costs can be met. Consider costs associated with leases, evaluation systems, hard/soft match requirements, audits, development, implementation and maintenance of information and accounting systems, and other long-term financial commitments.

..

A well-prepared budget justifies all expenses and is consistent with the proposal narrative. Some areas in need of an evaluation for consistency are: (1) the salaries in the proposal in relation to those of the applicant organization should be similar; (2) if new staff persons are being hired, additional space and equipment should be considered, as necessary; (3) if the budget calls for an equipment purchase, it should be the type allowed by the grantor agency; (4) if additional space is rented, the increase in insurance should be supported; (5) if an indirect cost rate applies to the proposal, the division between direct and indirect costs should not be in conflict, and the aggregate budget totals should refer directly to the approved formula; and (6) if matching costs are required, the contributions to the matching fund should be taken out of the budget unless otherwise specified in the application instructions.

..

It is very important to become familiar with Government-wide circular requirements. The Catalog identifies in the program description section (as information is provided from the agencies) the particular circulars applicable to a Federal program, and summarizes coordination of Executive Order 12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Programs" requirements in Appendix I. The applicant should thoroughly review the appropriate circulars since they are essential in determining items such as cost principles and conforming with Government guidelines for Federal domestic assistance.


..

..




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html




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Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
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..

..

WRITING AND WRITERS GUIDES AND HANDBOOKS : GOVERNMENT: PUBLICATIONS : PLAIN LANGUAGE WRITING : UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: Government Writing Manuals Guides and Handbooks

David P. Dillard
 

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..


GOVERNMENT WRITING MANUALS HANDBOOKS AND GUIDES

..

..


..


WRITING AND WRITERS GUIDES AND HANDBOOKS :



GOVERNMENT: PUBLICATIONS :



PLAIN LANGUAGE WRITING :



UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:



Government Writing Manuals Guides and Handbooks



..



..



WEBBIB1516



http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy



..



..





Government Writing Manuals Guides and Handbooks



WRITING AND WRITERS: GUIDES AND HANDBOOKS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:

Federal Plain Language Guidelines, March 2011



http://tinyurl.com/o684wda



Federal Plain Language Guidelines, March 2011

Plain Language.gov

Improving communications from the Federal Government to the public

Table of Contents

Think about your audience
Identify and write for your audience
Address separate audiences separately
Organize
Organize to meet your readers' needs
Address one person, not a group
Use lots of useful headings
Write short sections
Write your document
Words
Verbs
Use active voice
Use the simplest form of a verb
Avoid hidden verbs
Use "must" to indicate requirements
Use contractions when appropriate
Nouns and pronouns
Don't turn verbs into nouns
Use pronouns to speak directly to readers
Minimize abbreviations
Other word issues
Use short, simple words
Omit unnecessary words
Dealing with definitions
Use the same term consistently for a specific thought or
object
Avoid legal, foreign, and technical jargon
Don't use slashes
Sentences
Write short sentences
Keep subject, verb, and object close together
Avoid double negatives and exceptions to exceptions
Place the main idea before exceptions and conditions
Place words carefully
Paragraphs
Have a topic sentence
Use transition words
Write short paragraphs
Cover only one topic in each paragraph
Other aids to clarity
Use examples
Use lists
Use tables to make complex material easier to understand
Consider using illustrations
Use emphasis to highlight important concepts
Minimize cross-references
Design your document for easy reading
Write for the web
How do people use the web?
Write for your users
Identify your users and their top tasks
Write web content
Repurpose print material for the web
Avoid PDF overload
Use plain-language techniques on the web
Avoid meaningless formal language
Write effective links
Test
Paraphrase Testing
Usability Testing
Controlled Comparative Studies
Testing Successes
Paraphrase Testing from the Veterans Benefits Administration
Usability Testing from the National Cancer Institute

One may download the Word or PDF version of the full Guidelines.

(writers OR "writer s" OR writing) AND (manual OR handbook OR guide)
AND SITE: GOV

"employee manual" OR "employee manuals" OR "employee handbooks" OR
"employee handbook" OR "employee guide" OR "employee guides"

http://tinyurl.com/o684wda

..

WRITING AND WRITERS: GUIDES AND HANDBOOKS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT :

WRITING AND WRITERS: PLAGIARISM:

Avoiding Plagiarism, Self-Plagiarism, and Other Questionable Writing Practices:
A Guide to Ethical Writing



http://tinyurl.com/nlr5ymu



TABLE OF CONTENTS

Download PDF of this Module

26 Guidelines at a Glance

Introduction

On ethical writing

Plagiarism

.. Plagiarism of ideas
.. Acknowledging the source of our ideas
.. Plagiarism of text
.. Inappropriate paraphrasing
.. Paraphrasing and plagiarism: What the writing guides say
.. Examples of paraphrasing: Good and bad
.. Paraphrasing highly technical language
.. Plagiarism and common knowledge
.. Plagiarism and authorship disputes

Self plagiarism

.. Redundant and Duplicate (i.e., dual) Publications
.. Academic self plagiarism
.. Salami Slicing (i.e., data fragmentation)
.. Copyright Law
.. Copyright Infringement, Fair Use, and Plagiarism
.. Text recycling
.. Forms of acceptable text recycling
.. Borderline/unacceptable cases of text recycling

The Lesser Crimes of Writing

.. Carelessness in citing sources
.. Relying on an abstract or a preliminary version of a paper while
citing the published version
.. Citing sources that were not read or thoroughly understood
.. Borrowing extensively from a source but only acknowledging a small
portion of what is borrowed
.. Ethically inappropriate writing practices
.. Selective reporting of literature
.. Selective reporting of methodology
.. Selective reporting of results
.. Authorship issues and conflicts of interest
.. Deciding on authorship
.. Establishing authorship
.. Authorship in faculty-student collaborations
.. A brief overview on conflicts of interest

References

http://tinyurl.com/nlr5ymu



..



DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS: Employee Handbooks



http://tinyurl.com/qbv87ht





..







WRITING AND WRITERS: GUIDES AND HANDBOOKS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT :

EMPLOYMENT: HUMAN RESOURCES AND PERSONNEL: EMPLOYEE HANDBOOKS:

Employee Handbooks

United States. Small Business Administration



http://tinyurl.com/qbv87ht



(writers OR "writer s" OR writing) AND (manual OR handbook OR guide) AND SITE: GOV

"employee manual" OR "employee manuals" OR "employee handbooks"
OR "employee handbook" OR "employee guide" OR "employee guides"

https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/2015/07/13/writing-and-writers-
guides-and-handbooks-united-states-government-employment-human-
resources-and-personnel-employee-handbooks-employee-handbooks/

OR

http://tinyurl.com/qbv87ht



..



GRANTS AND GRANT WRITING :

WRITING AND WRITERS SKILLS AND TECHNIQUES :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:

National Institutes of Health.

Grants and Grant Writing. Writing Your Application



http://grants.nih.gov/grants/writing_application.htm



National Institutes of Health.
Grants and Grant Writing.
Writing Your Application

Website Contents
Introduction

Get Prepared

What to Know Before You Start Writing the Research Proposal

Developing Your Research Plan

Additional Elements Required in a Grant Application

Important Writing Tips



http://grants.nih.gov/grants/writing_application.htm



..


LAW : COURTS : WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

UNITED STATES: STATES: OHIO: GOVERNMENT: COURTS: SUPREME COURT: WRITING MANUAL:

Published for the Supreme Court of Ohio A Guide to Citations, Style, and Judicial Opinion Writing

..

https://www.supremecourt.ohio.gov/ROD/manual.pdf



LAW : COURTS :
WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :
UNITED STATES: STATES: OHIO: GOVERNMENT: COURTS: SUPREME COURT:
WRITING MANUAL:
Published for the Supreme Court of Ohio
A Guide to Citations, Style, and Judicial Opinion Writing
MAUREEN OCONNOR
Chief Justice
PAUL E. PFEIFER
TERRENCE ODONNELL
JUDITH ANN LANZINGER
SHARON L. KENNEDY
JUDITH L. FRENCH
WILLIAM M. ONEILL
Justices
STEVEN C. HOLLON
Administrative Director

[Table of Contents found in More Information below]



https://www.supremecourt.ohio.gov/ROD/manual.pdf

TABLE OF CONTENTS
PREFACE
PART I. MANUAL OF CITATIONS
INTRODUCTION TO THE MANUAL OF CITATIONS

SECTION ONE: CASES

1.1. Ohio Court Cases
A. Importance of May 1, 2002
B. Ohio cases decided before May 1, 2002
C. Ohio cases decided on or after May 1, 2002
1.2. Ohio Administrative Decisions
1.3. Abb reviations for Reporters of Ohio Cases

OHIO CITATIONS AT A GLANCE

1.4. Federal Cases
A. United States Supreme Court cases
B. Federal circuit court cases
C. Federal district court cases
1.5. Out -of-State Court Cases
A. Print published
B. Non-print published
C. Public-domain citation formats
D. Abbreviations for out-of-state reporters
E. Abbreviations for Wests regional reporters and others
The Supreme Court of Ohio ii Writing Manual
1.6. Foreign Cases...

SECTION TWO: CONSTITUTIONS

2.1. Ohio Constitution
2.2. United States Constitution

SECTION THREE: STATUTES AND ORDINANCES

3.1. Ohio Statutes...
A. Abbreviations
B. Section numbers, chapters, and titles
C. Legislative
acts
3.2. Ohio Municipal Ordinances
3.3. Federal Statutes
3.4. Out-of-State Statutes.
3.5. Miscellaneous Foreign Statutes

SECTION FOUR: RULES AND REGULATIONS

4.1. Ohio Rules
4.2. Ohio Local Rules of Court...
4.3. Federal Rules
4.4. Ohio Regulations
4.5. Federal Regulations

SECTION FIVE: SECONDARY SOURCES

5.1. Restatements
5.2. Texts, Treatises, and Dictionaries
5.3. Law Reviews.....
The Supreme Court of Ohio iii Writing Manual
A. Elements of citation
B. Title and source
5.4. Annotations
5.5. Encyclopedias
5.6. Ohio Attorney General Opinions
5.7. Nonlegal Magazines and Newspapers
5.8. Internet

SECTION SIX: MISCELLANEOUS CITATION RULES

6.1. Short-Form Citations
A. Generally
B. Information within a short-form citation
C. Short-form citations for cases that have no WebCite
D. Short-form citations for cases with a WebCite
E. Short-form citations for sources other than cases
6.2. Signal Words
A. Definition
B. Style
C. Common signals
D. Use of signal words
6.3. Citations Omitted.....
A. Use..
B. Attribution of a quotation within a quotation
6.4. Explanatory Case History
The Supreme Court of Ohio iv Writing Manual
A. Style
B. History affecting precedential value
6.5. Placement of Citation
6.6. Emphasis Sic, Emphasis Added, Emphasis Deleted...
A. General
B. Emphasis sic
C. Emphasis added
D. Emphasis deleted
6.7. Spacing within Parentheses in Citations
A. Abbreviated words
B. Unabbreviated words
C. Ordinal numbers
D. Names of months
6.8. Months of the Year
6.9. Abbreviations in the Style or Citation of a Case.
6.10. Use of Id., Supra, and Infra
A. Id
B. Supra and infra

PART II. STYLE GUIDE

INTRODUCTION TO THE STYLE GUIDE

SECTION SEVEN:

CAPITALIZATION

7.1. Proper Nouns and Proper Adjectives.
7.2. Titles of Persons.
The Supreme Court of Ohio v Writing Manual
7.3. Public Offices, Agencies, and Entities.....

SECTION EIGHT: DATES IN TEXT

SECTION NINE: USE OF NUMBERS

SECTION TEN: PUNCTUATION

10.1. Lists
10.2. Placement of Quotation Marks Relative to Other Punctuation
10.3. Punctuation and Capitalization of Quotations
10.4. Block Quotations
10.5. Ellipses
10.6. Placement of Footnote Numerals Relative to Punctuation

SECTION ELEVEN: FOOTNOTES

11.1. Use of Footnotes
11.2. Citations in Footnotes

SECTION TWELVE: ITALICS

12.1. Use of Italics
12.2. Reverse Italics

SECTION THIRTEEN: ACRONYMS, ABBREVIATIONS, AND PARENTHETICAL

REFERENCES

13.1. Definition
13.2. Use and Overuse
13.3. Identification
13.4. Plurals
13.5. Parenthetical References
The Supreme Court of Ohio vi Writing Manual

SECTION FOURTEEN: THE CASE CAPTION

14.1. The Formal Case Caption
14.2. The Cite-As Line
14.3. In the Matter of
14.4. Miscellaneous Caption Matters
A. Appellees
B. Cross-appeals
C. Original actions
D. Consolidated cases
E. References to juveniles

SECTION FIFTEEN: HEADINGS

15.1. Use of Headings
15.2. Form of Headings

SECTION SIXTEEN: COMMONLY MISUSED WORDS AND PHRASES

PART III. STRUCTURE OF A JUDICIAL OPINION

INTRODUCTION TO STRUCTURE OF A JUDICIAL OPINION

SECTION SEVENTEEN: AUTHORIAL DISCRETION

SECTION EIGHTEEN: OUTLINE OF A JUDICIAL OPINION

SECTION NINETEEN:

EXAMPLES OF OPINIONS CONSTRUCTED ACCORDING TO THE OUTLINE

19.1. Overview
19.2. Components of an Opinion.
A. Headnotes...
B. Syllabus
The Supreme Court of Ohio vii Writing Manual
SECTION TWENTY: DISPOSITIONS
20.1. Overview
20.2. General Dispositions.
20.3. Splintered Judgments
20.4. Judgments Ordering Parties to Act

SECTION TWENTY-ONE: SEPARATE OPINIONS

21.1. Generally
21.2. Categories
A. Concurring
B. Concurring in judgment only
C. Concurring in part and dissenting in part
D. Dissenting
E. Concurring in syllabus and judgment
F. Other categories

INDEX



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

INVESTMENT SECURITIES DOCUMENTS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION:

U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. A Plain English Handbook:

How to Create Clear SEC Disclosure Document



https://www.sec.gov/pdf/handbook.pdf



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

INVESTMENT SECURITIES DOCUMENTS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION:

U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

A Plain English Handbook:

How to Create Clear SEC Disclosure Documents
..
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
Office of Investor Education and Assistance
A Plain English Handbook:
How to Create Clear SEC Disclosure Documents

"This handbook shows how you can use well-established techniques for
writing in plain English to create clearer and more informative
disclosure documents. We are publishing this handbook only for your
general information. Of course, when drafting a document for filing with
the SEC, you must make sure it meets all legal requirements."

Table of Contents

Preface by Warren E. Buffett 1
Introduction by Arthur Levitt, Chairman 3
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission

Chapter 1
What Is a Plain English Document? 5

Chapter 2
Getting Started 7

Chapter 3
Knowing Your Audience 9

Chapter 4
Knowing the Information You Need to Disclose 11

Chapter 5
Reorganizing the Document 15

Chapter 6
Writing in Plain English 17

Chapter 7
Designing the Document 37

Chapter 8
Time-Saving Tips 55

Chapter 9
Using Readability Formulas and Style Checkers 57

Chapter 10
Evaluating the Document 59

Chapter 11
Reading List 61

Chapter 12
Keeping in Touch with Us 63

Appendix A Plain English at a Glance 65

The SECs Plain English Rulesan Excerpt 66

Appendix B Plain English Examples 69

Before and After Filings with Notes 70
a plain

From the Preface

"There are several possible explanations as to why I and others sometimes
stumble over an accounting note or indenture description. Maybe we simply
dont have the technical knowledge to grasp what the writer wishes to
convey. Or perhaps the writer doesnt understand what he or she is talking
about. In some cases, moreover, I suspect that a less-thanscrupulous
issuer doesnt want us to understand a subject it feels legally obligated
to touch upon.

Perhaps the most common problem, however, is that a well-intentioned and
informed writer simply fails to get the message across to an intelligent,
interested reader. In that case, stilted jargon and complex constructions
are usually the villains.

This handbook tells you how to free yourself of those impediments to
effective communication. Write as this handbook instructs you and you
will be amazed at how much smarter your readers will think you have
become."

"One unoriginal but useful tip: Write with a specific person in mind.
When writing Berkshire Hathaways annual report, I pretend that Im talking
to my sisters. I have no trouble picturing them: Though highly
intelligent, they are not experts in accounting or finance. They will
understand plain English, but jargon may puzzle them. My goal is simply
to give them the information I would wish them to supply me if our
positions were reversed. To succeed, I dont need to be Shakespeare; I
must, though, have a sincere desire to inform.

No siblings to write to? Borrow mine: Just begin with Dear Doris and
Bertie."

by Warren E. Buffett

Introduction

Investors need to read and understand disclosure documents to benefit
fully from the protections offered by our federal securities laws. Because
many investors are neither lawyers, accountants, nor investment bankers,
we need to start writing disclosure documents in a language investors can
understand: plain English.

The shift to plain English requires a new style of thinking and writing,
whether you work at a company, a law firm, or the U.S. Securities and
Exchange Commission. We must question whether the documents we are

used to writing highlight the important information investors need to make
informed decisions. The legalese and jargon of the past must give way to
everyday words that communicate complex information clearly.

The good news is that more and more companies and lawyers are using plain
English and filing documents with the SEC that others can study, use, and
improve upon. With the SECs plain English rules in place, every prospectus
will have its cover page, summary, and risk factors in plain English.

The benefits of plain English abound. Investors will be more likely to
understand what they are buying and to make informed judgments about
whether they should hold or sell their investments. Brokers and investment
advisers can make better recommendations to their clients if they can read

and understand these documents quickly and easily.

Companies that communicate successfully with their investors form stronger
relationships with them. These companies save the costs of explaining
legalese and dealing with confused and sometimes angry investors. Lawyers
reviewing plain English documents catch and correct mistakes more easily.
Many companies have switched to plain English because its a good business
decision. They see the value of communicating with their investors rather
than sending them impenetrable documents. And as we depend more and

more on the Internet and electronic delivery of documents, plain English
versions will be easier to read electronically than legalese.

The SECs staff has created this handbook to help speed and smooth the
transition to plain English. It includes proven tips from those in the
private sector who have already created plain English disclosure
documents. This handbook reflects their substantial contributions and
those of highly regarded experts in the field who were our consultants on
this project, Dr. William Lutz at Rutgers University and the firm of Siegel

and Gale in New York City.

But I hasten to add that the SEC has not cornered the market on plain
English advice. Our rules and communications need as strong a dose of
plain English as any disclosure document. This handbook gives you some
ideas on what has worked for others, but use whatever works for you.
No matter what route you take to plain English, we want you to produce
documents that fulfill the promise of our securities laws. I urge you in
long and short documents, in prospectuses and shareholder reports to speak
to investors in words they can understand. Tell them plainly what they
need to know to make intelligent investment decisions."

What Is a Plain English Document?

"Well start by dispelling a common misconception about plain English
writing. It does not mean deleting complex information to make the
document easier to understand. For investors to make informed decisions,
disclosure documents must impart complex information. Using plain English
assures the orderly and clear presentation of complex information so that
investors have the best possible chance of understanding it.

Plain English means analyzing and deciding what information investors need
to make informed decisions, before words, sentences, or paragraphs are
considered. A plain English document uses words economically and at a
level the audience can understand. Its sentence structure is tight. Its
tone is welcoming and direct. Its design is visually appealing. A plain
English document is easy to read and looks like its meant to be read."

This handbooks purpose

"This handbook gives you practical tips on how to create plain English
documents. All of these were born of experience. They come from experts
and those who have already written or rewritten their documents in plain
English.

As with all the advice in this handbook, feel free to tailor these tips to
your schedule, your document, and your budget. Not all of the tips will
apply to everyone or to every document. Pick and choose the ones that make
sense for you.

Some of our tips cover very basic mechanical issues, like how to photocopy
your working draft. Weve included them because they were learned the hard
way and have saved people time, money, and aggravation. Youll see them
listed in Chapter 8, titled Time-Saving Tips.

This handbook is by no means the last word on plain English. We expect to
change it and add more tips as we learn more about writing securities
documents in plain English. So please keep notes on your experiences and
copies of your original and rewritten language. We want to hear from you
and include your tips and rewrites in the next edition.

Finally, we encourage you to give this handbook out freely. It is not
copyrighted, so you can photocopy it without fear of penalty."



https://www.sec.gov/pdf/handbook.pdf



..



47576 WRITING AND WRITERS: SKILLS AND TECHNIQUES :

WEBSITE DESIGN AND PROMOTION: TRAINING AND INSTRUCTION :

HEALTH :

MEDICAL : EDUCATION :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:

Health Literacy Online: A Guide to Writing and Designing Easy-to-Use Health Web Sites



http://tinyurl.com/nd9xht6



WRITING AND WRITERS: SKILLS AND TECHNIQUES :

WEBSITE DESIGN AND PROMOTION: TRAINING AND INSTRUCTION :

HEALTH :

MEDICAL :

EDUCATION :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:

Health Literacy Online

Health Literacy Online:
A Guide to Writing and Designing Easy-to-Use Health Web Sites
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.
(2010)

Health literacy online:
A guide to writing and designing easy-to-use health Web sites.
Washington, DC:

Strategies
Actions
Testing Methods
Resources

Contents

About This Guide
Why Design Easy-to-Use Web Sites?
Building On the Principles of Usability
Terminology: Literacy and Health Literacy
A Note on the Research
What We Know About Web Users With Limited Literacy Skills
A Brief Introduction to User-Centered Design
Summary of Iterative Design and Testing Methods
Individual Interviews
Focus Groups Task Analysis
Person as and Scenarios

Card Sorting Prototypes

Usability Testing

Six Strategies for Writing and Designing

Easy-to-Use Health Web Sites

1. Learn About Your Users and Their Goals
The Basics
Actions
1.1. Identify your users. Who are they?
1.2. Understand their motivations. Why are they here?
1.3. Understand their goals. What are they trying to do?
Iterative Design Methods and Tips

2. Write Actionable Content
The Basics
Actions
2.1. Put the most important information first
2.2. Describe the health behavior just the basics
2.3. Stay positive and realistic. Include the benefits of taking action
2.4. Provide specific action steps
2.5. Write in plain language
2.6. Check content for accuracy
Iterative Design Methods and Tips

3. Display Content Clearly on the Page
The Basics
Actions
3.1. Limit paragraph size. Use bullets and short lists
3.2. Use meaningful headings
3.3. Use a familiar font in at least 12-point type
3.4. Use white space and avoid clutter
3.5. Keep content in the center of the screen and above the fold
3.6. Label links clearly
3.7. Use images that facilitate learning
3.8. Use bold colors with contrast. Avoid dark backgrounds
3.9. Make your site accessible to people with disabilities
Iterative Design Methods and Tips

4. Organize Content and Simplify Navigation
The Basics
Actions
4.1. Create a simple and engaging home page
4.2. Use labels that reflect words your users know
4.3. Enable easy access to home and menu pages
4.4. Make sure the Back button works
4.5. Use linear information paths
4.6. Include simple search and browse options
Iterative Design Methods and Tips

5. Engage Users With Interactive Content
The Basics
Actions
5.1. Include printer-friendly tools and resources
5.2. Simplify screen-based controls and enlarge buttons
5.3. Include interactive content that users can tailor but not too much
5.4. Incorporate audio and visual features
5.5. Explore new media such as Twitter or text messaging
Iterative Design Methods and Tips

6. Evaluate and Revise Your Site
The Basics
Actions
6.1. Recruit users with limited literacy
and limited health literacy skills
6.2. Choose experienced moderators
6.3. Test comprehension in multiple ways
6.4. Consider user engagement and self-efficacy
6.5. Create plain language testing documents

Iterative Design Methods and Tips

References

Appendixes

Appendix A: Reviewers

Appendix B: Sample Measures

Appendix C: Sample Testing Documents

Appendix D: Overview of ODPHP Original Research

Appendix E: Resources for Creating Easy-to-Use Web Sites

Appendix F: Annotated Bibliography
"Why Design Easy-to-Use Web Sites?
Although the problem remains largely
invisible, millions of Americans
have a hard time reading. As many
as half of U.S. adults have limited
literacy skills.2 Even more
Americans as many as 9 out of 10
have limited health literacy skills.
This means they have trouble
understanding complex health
information.



2 As more health
information and services
move online, Web developers and
professionals must find new
and better ways to communicate
health information to the public.
The number of older adults using
the Internet continues to grow.

A significant number of older Web
users are searching for health
information. However, age-related
changes in vision, hearing,

and cognition affect older adults use
of the Internet.

Taken individually, each of these factors
presents a challenge for Web
developers and health professionals.

Taken together, they represent an
urgent need for innovative design and
redesign of health content on the Web.
Several factors affect how well users
can find, understand, and use
information on the Web, including:

Access to computers and experience online



Ability to read and understand printed text

Complexity of information on the Web

Usability of the Web in general and Websites specifically.

Clearly written content, uncluttered Websites, and simple navigation

dramatically improve the performance and experience of Web users,

including those with limited literacy skills.

Studies show that simplifying your Web site improves the experience

of all users, not just those with limited literacy skills.

Clean layouts and familiar language are more usable for everyone"
The complete online publication may be read at the URL above.



http://tinyurl.com/nd9xht6

http://www.health.gov/healthliteracyonline/Web_Guide_Health_Lit_Online.pdf

A shorter URL for the above link:

http://tinyurl.com/nd9xht6



..



Writing for GOV.UK: How to Write Well for Your Audience, Including Specialists

https://www.gov.uk/guidance/content-design/writing-for-gov-uk



Content Design: Planning, Writing and Managing Content
From Government Digital Service

Contents:

Writing well for the web
Writing well for specialists
Know your audience
How people read
Titles and summaries
Structuring your content
Writing to GOV.UK style
After publication
Change notes

Excerpt

Writing well for the web

People read differently on the web than they do on paper.

This means that the best approach when writing for the web

is different from writing for print.

Our guidance on writing for GOV.UK is based on research into

how people read online and how people use GOV.UK.

It explains what each rule is based on.

When you write for GOV.UK you should:

use writing for the web best practice follow the

Government Digital Service (GDS) style guide and writing guidance

Meet the user need

Dont publish everything you can online.



Publish only what someone needs to know so they can complete their task.



Nothing more.

People dont usually read text unless they want information.



When you write for the web, start with the same question every time:

what does the user want to know?



Meeting that need means being:

specific

informative

clear and to the point

Finding information on the web

An individuals process of finding and absorbing information

on the web should follow these steps.

I have a question

I can find the page with the answer easily I can see its the

right page from the search results listing

I have understood the information

I have my answer

I trust the information

I know what to do next/my fears are allayed/I dont need anything else

A website only works if people can find what they need quickly,

complete their task and leave without having to think about it too much.


Good content is easy to read

Good online content is easy to read and understand.

It uses:

short sentences

sub-headed sections

simple vocabulary



This helps people find what they need quickly and absorb it effortlessly.

The main purpose of GOV.UK is to provide information - theres no excuse for
putting unnecessarily complicated writing in the way of peoples understanding.


Click this link to continue reading.



https://www.gov.uk/guidance/content-design/writing-for-gov-uk



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

COUNTRIES: GREAT BRITAIN: GOVERNMENT:

Content Design: Planning, Writing and Managing Content



https://www.gov.uk/guidance/content-design



Content Design: Planning, Writing and Managing Content
From Government Digital Service

Contents

Planning and managing digital content to meet

the needs the public has of government.

What is content design? Introduction to content design.

User needs How to write and record a user need for GOV.UK.

Planning content Find out how to decide if something

is suitable for GOV.UK, what the content life cycle is and

why accessibility must be planned for.

Content types When and how to use the GOV.UK formats.

Writing for GOV.UK How to write well for your audience,

including specialists.

Content maintenance How to manage your content.

GOV.UK content retention and withdrawal ('archiving') policy

When content should be withdrawn ('archived') and

when it should be taken down.

Research and evidence Tools and evidence

to back up content design decisions.

Welsh language on GOV.UK The policy governing use

of Welsh language on GOV.UK.

Links Adding links to content, making them accessible

and GOV.UK's external linking policy.

URL standards for GOV.UK How URLs are used on GOV.UK, their
formatting requirements and why short URLs are sometimes

created for promotional purposes.

Data and analytics How to use tools, such as Google Analytics,

to improve your content's search engine optimisation (SEO)

and get data on how users are interacting with your content.

Images How to choose images, and copyright standards for GOV.UK.

Campaigns on GOV.UK: standards and guidelines Options

to support promotions and marketing campaigns,

from short URLs to dedicated landing pages.

Use of government logos on GOV.UK When government logos

can be used on GOV.UK.

Blogging How and when to publish a blog.

Tables When to use tables and how to make them accessible.

Feedback How to send the Government Digital Service
comments and suggestions about this manual.

The complete document may be read at the URL above.



https://www.gov.uk/guidance/content-design



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:

EIA Writing Style Guide



http://www.eia.gov/about/eiawritingstyleguide.pdf



EIA Writing Style Guide

November 2012

U.S. Energy Information Administration

Contents

Introduction

Quick Tips-Style, Writing, and Grammar Tips

1. Editorial Voice and Words and Phrases to Avoid

Chapter 2: Policy-Neutral Writing

Chapter 3: Advice for Good Writing

Chapter 4: Grammar

Chapter 5: Commonly Misused Words

Chapter 6: Capitalization

Chapter 7: Numbers

Chapter 8: Commas

Chapter 9: Hyphens and Dashes

Chapter 10: Colons and Semicolons

Chapter 11: Periods

Chapter 12: Symbols

Chapter 13: Punctuating and Formatting Quoted Text

Chapter 14: Abbreviations and Units

Chapter 15: Itemized Lists and Bullets

Chapter 16: Footnotes, Sources, and Notes

Chapter 17: Hypertext Links

Chapter 18: British versus American English

Excerpt:

Quick Tips-Style, Writing, and Grammar Tips

EIA Style Use the serial comma: red, white, and blue.

Website and homepage and email: one word, no hyphens.

Spell out United States as a noun: U.S. oil is produced in the United
States.

Do not capitalize state, federal, or nation unless it's a proper name
(Federal Register).

U.S. Energy Information Administration and EIA; not U.S.

EIA and not the EIA. Write Washington, DC, not Washington, D.C.

Don't use postal codes except in addresses and footnotes:

Cushing, Oklahoma, not Cushing, OK

(except for Washington, DC where the postal code is part of the city name).

Writing time: Correct-3:00 p.m.; Incorrect-3:00 pm; 3:00pm; 3:00 PM.

Writing dates: Correct-January 2012; Jan 5. Incorrect-Jan 2012;

January, 2012; January '12; January 5th.

Write 1990s, not 1990's. Don't CAPITALIZE or underline for emphasis.

Use bold or italics. American vs. British English: gray



(A) vs. grey



(B); traveled



(A) vs. travelled



(B); forward



(A) vs. forwards (B).

EIA style uses American spelling and usage.

Punctuating bullets: No ending punctuation

(no commas or semicolons)

unless they are all complete sentences

(then end each sentence with a period).

Don't link click here or here. Link to the subject: See the full report;

Writing Be consistent with % (informal and education content)
and percent (formal content) within a document.

Title case capitalization: Natural Gas Consumption Increasing.

Sentence case: Natural gas consumption increasing.

Be consistent for headers and titles within a document.

Spell out (or define or link to a full spelling) acronyms

the first time used and repeatedly in separate sections

of a long document.

Avoid overuse of due to-try because, as a result of, or following.

Use since with time (Since 2005, natural gas use has grown.)

and because when you want to show cause

(Because it was raining, we got wet.).

Be policy neutral. Avoid words like plummeted, skyrocketed,

slashed, spiked, huge.

Use simple words: additionally ? also; utilize ? use; in order to ?

to; numerous ? many.

Don't use impact as a verb:
The weather affected (not impacted) electricity demand.

Don't begin a sentence with a numeral or a year.

Incorrect: 2012 stocks are increasing.

Correct: Stocks in 2012 are increasing.

Also correct: The year 2012 shows increasing stocks.

Grammar Which or that? Which nearly always has a comma before it.

If you can use that, use that. These two words are not interchangeable.

Which is not a more formal word for that.

Make bullets consistent: start with

verb, verb, verb; noun, noun, noun; adjective, adjective, adjective.

A person is a who, and a thing is a that. Correct: He is the person who
said yes.

Incorrect: He is the person that said yes.

Use an en-dash to mean through or to:

the temperature was 70-80 degrees.

Use the word minus in an arithmetic phrase.

Correct: Net imports = imports minus exports. Incorrect:

Net imports = imports-exports.

An em-dash is the length of two hyphens.

It's used to show a break in thought and is almost always used in pairs.

Correct: My sister Amy-who is two years younger than I am-
graduated from college before I did.

Hyphens with adjectives: short-term forecast, end-use technology.

No hyphens with nouns: in the short term, three end uses.

i.e. and e.g. must be followed by a comma.

It is better to spell out i.e. ? in other words and e.g. ?

for example.

"Punctuation goes inside the quote marks."

The complete document may be read at the URL above.



This publication is available on the EIA employee intranet and at:

htp://www.eia.gov/eiawritingstyleguide.pdf

http://www.eia.gov/about/eiawritingstyleguide.pdf

U.S. government publications are not subject to copyright protection, but
you should acknowledge EIA as the source if you use or reproduce this
content.

November 2012



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:

Style Manual: An Official Guide to the Form and Style of Federal Government Printing

http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/GPO-STYLEMANUAL-2008/pdf/GPO-STYLEMANUAL-2008.pdf





Table of Contents

About This Manual

GPO's Online Initiatives

1. Advice to Authors and Editors

2. General Instructions

3. Capitalization Rules

4. Capitalization Examples

5. Spelling

6. Compounding Rules

7. Compounding Examples

8. Punctuation

9. Abbreviations and Letter Symbols

Standard word abbreviations

Standard letter symbols for units of measure

Standard Latin abbreviations

Information technology acronyms and Initialisms

10. Signs and Symbols

11. Italic

12. Numerals

13. Tabular Work

14. Leaderwork

15. Footnotes, Indexes, Contents, and Outlines

16. Datelines, Addresses, and Signatures

17. Useful Tables

U.S. Presidents and Vice Presidents

Most Populous U.S. Cities by State

Principal Foreign Countries

Demonyms: Names of Nationalities

Currency

Metric and U.S. Measures

Common Measures and Th eir Metric Equivalents

Measurement Conversion

18. Geologic Terms and Geographic Divisions

19. Congressional Record

Congressional Record Index

20. Reports and Hearings

Index



http://tinyurl.com/kn2n44x

OR

http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/GPO-STYLEMANUAL-2008/pdf/GPO-STYLEMANUAL-2008.pdf



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS : UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION: NARA Style Guide



http://www.archives.gov/open/plain-writing/style-guide.pdf



National Archives and Records Administration
NARA Style Guide

Preface

Clear writing conveys clear thought. NARA writers

in all offices must strive for clear communication

to explain their increasingly complex work.

They write letters, memorandums, finding aids,

web pages, blogs, leaflets, reports, articles, exhibit

scripts, brochures, budget requests, speeches, forms,

and email messages. This style guide establishes

agency standards of punctuation, word usage, and

grammar that will answer writers most common

questions and will, we hope, promote clear and

effective writing throughout NARA.

Style changes over time and even from place to place,

depending on the intended audience.

These differences do not necessarily make one choice
?wrong.? What is ?right? is consistency within your

own work and using the appropriate language and

usage for your audience.

The NARA Style Guide fills two needs.

First, the section ?Writing for Plain Language ?

will help us comply with the Plain Writing Act of 2010.

Second, it addresses many of the questions and issues

unanswered by the Government Printing Office Style

Manual (GPO manual). This guide is based on the GPO

manual but includes modifications that reflect current

usage.

The most notable difference from the GPO manual

concerns the treatment of numbers. This style guide

simplifies the rules. In most cases, writers will spell

out numbers under 10 and use numerals for numbers

10 and over.
(See section 4.10.)

The GPO manual is still NARAs primary reference for style.

For issues not covered in the NARA guide, continue to

consult the GPO manual.

The appendix, ?Quick Reference,? may be particularly

helpful to NARA writers. This list of words and phrases

provides quick answers to common questions about

capitalization, spelling, compound words, and plurals.

The NARA Style Guide took shape from the agencys

specific language needs and will continue to change to

reflect the needs and concerns of NARA writers.

Use the NARA Style Guide for all NARA communications.

If you have questions about spelling, grammar,

or usage that are not addressed by this guide,

contact the Strategy and Communications staff

Helpful References

..


PlainLanguage.gov
http://www.plainlanguage.gov

..


Bremner, John B.
Words on Words.
New York: Columbia University Press, 1980.

..


The Chicago Manual of Style.
16th ed.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010.

..


Cormier, Robin.
Error-Free Writing:
A Lifetime Guide to Flawless Business Writing.
Paramus, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1995.

..


Editors of EEI Press,
E-What?:
A Guide to the Quirks of New Media Style and Usage.
Alexandria, VA: EEI Press, 2000.

..


General Services Administration,
Standard and Optional Forms Procedural Handbook.
Washington, DC: GSA, July 2009.
http://www.gsa.gov/portal/forms/type/SF

..


Gunning, Robert.
The Technique of Clear Writing.
New York: McGraw-Hill, rev. 1983.

..


Lauchman, Richard.
Plain Style:
Techniques for Simple, Concise, Emphatic Business Writing.
New York: AMACOM, 1993.

..


National Archives and Records Administration,
Guide for Preparing NARA Correspondence:
A Supplement to NARA 201 (June 13, 2005).
http://tinyurl.com/p9zmaol

..


National Archives and Records Administration,
Office of the Federal Register,
Plain Language Tools.
http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/write/plain-language/

..


National Archives and Records Administration,
Office of the Federal Register,
Drafting Legal Documents
http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/write/legal-docs/index.html

..


The New York Public Library
Writers Guide to Style and Usage.
New York: HarperCollins, 1994.

..


Redish, Janice (Ginny).
Letting Go of the Words: Writing Web Content that Works.
San Francisco: Morgan Kaufman, 2007.

..


Strunk, William, Jr.
The Elements of Style. With revisions, an introduction,
and a chapter on writing
by E. B. White.
4th ed.
Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1999.
(commonly known as ?Strunk and White?)

..


United States Government Printing Office
Style Manual.
Washington, DC: GPO, 2008.
http://www.gpoaccess.gov/stylemanual/browse.html

..



Contents

1. Writing in Plain Language

1.1 Think about your audience

1.2 Organize your material

1.2.1 Use headings and subheadings

1.2.2 Limit heading levels to three or fewer

1.2.3 Write short sections

1.3 Verbs

1.3.1 Use the active voice (unless passive makes more sense)

1.3.2 Use the simplest form of the verb

1.3.3 Dont hide the verb

1.3.4 Dont use ?shall?

1.3.5 Avoid the false subjects It is and There are

1.3.6 Use contractions when appropriate

1.4 Nouns and pronouns

1.4.1 Use everyday words

1.4.2 Avoid ?noun strings?

1.4.3 Use pronouns

1.5 Omit unnecessary words

1.5.1 Write with a word, not a phrase

1.5.2 Avoid redundancy

1.5.3 Avoid intruding words

1.5.4 Dont ?double? terms

1.5.5 Beware basis, manner, fashion, and way

1.6 Sentences

1.6.1 Write short sentences

1.6.2 Place words carefully

1.6.3 Use idioms

1.6.4 Minimize the use of ?not?

2. Formatting for Readability

2.1 Understand that isolation is emphasis

2.2 Dont hesitate to use headings in any document

2.3 Isolate lead sentences

2.4 Feel free to write one-sentence paragraphs

2.5 Use standard typefaces for the text

2.6 Leave the right margin ragged

2.7 Leave plenty of white space

2.8 Use discretion with graphics

2.9 Use tables to present comparisons

2.10 Use vertical lists

2.11 Use footnotes and endnotes for explanatory or peripheral information iv

2.12 Adjust established formats when necessary

3. Writing and Formatting Email

3.1 Think before sending

3.2 Use the subject field

3.3 Be cautious about using special type styles

3.4 Be judicious when capitalizing words

3.5 Keep paragraphs short

3.6 Maintain a businesslike tone

4. Usage and Style

4.1 Abbreviations and Symbols

4.1.1 Geographic locations

4.1.2 United States / U.S.

4.1.3 Personal titles

4.1.4 Citations

4.1.5 Typographic symbols

4.2 Acronyms

4.3 Addresses

4.4 Capitalization

4.4.1 Geographic terms

4.4.2 Military terms

4.4.3 NARA forms, directives, and notices

4.4.4 Organizations

4.4.5 Personal titles

4.5 Compounds

4.5.1 Prefixes

4.5.2 Compound adjectives

4.5.3 Compound nouns

4.5.4 Suspended compounds

4.5.5 References to ethnicity

4.6 Computer-related terms

4.7 Dates

4.8 Grammar reminders

4.8.1 Subject/verb agreement

4.8.2 Prepositions and pronouns

4.9 Gender-neutral language

4.10 Numbers

4.11 Plurals

4.12 Possessives

4.13 Problem words and phrases

4.14 Punctuation

4.14.1 Apostrophe

4.14.2 Colons and semicolons

4.14.3 Comma

4.14.4 Dash

4.14.5 Ellipses

4.14.6 Parentheses

4.14.7 Quotation marks

4.15 References to NARA

4.16 Titles of works: italics or quotation marks

Appendix: Quick Reference

Content Sample:

1. Writing in Plain Language

Writing in plain language means writing clearly.
It means writing so that readers can find what
they need, understand what they find, and use
what they find to meet their needs. The more
clearly you communicate, the more likely your
readers will grasp what you want them to grasp
and do what you want them to do, from filling
out a form correctly to complying with a regulation.
And the less likely it is that your readers will
call or write you to ask questions or express
frustration.

Ultimately, your job will be easier and more

pleasant if you take the time to communicate clearly.



http://www.archives.gov/open/plain-writing/style-guide.pdf


Preface

..

Clear writing conveys clear thought. NARA writers in all offices must
strive for clear communication to explain their increasingly complex work.
They write letters, memorandums, finding aids, web pages, blogs, leaflets,
reports, articles, exhibit scripts, brochures, budget requests, speeches,
forms, and email messages. This style guide establishes agency standards
of punctuation, word usage, and grammar that will answer writers most c
ommon questions and will, we hope, promote clear and effective writing
throughout NARA.

..

Style changes over time and even from place to place, depending on the intended audience. These differences do not necessarily make one choice ?wrong.? What is ?right? is consistency within your own work and using the appropriate language and usage for your audience.

..

The NARA Style Guide fills two needs. First, the section ?Writing for Plain Language? will help us comply with the Plain Writing Act of 2010. Second, it addresses many of the questions and issues unanswered by the Government Printing Office Style Manual (GPO manual). This guide is based on the GPO manual but includes modifications that reflect current usage.

..

The most notable difference from the GPO manual concerns the treatment of numbers. This style guide simplifies the rules. In most cases, writers will spell out numbers under 10 and use numerals for numbers 10 and over. (See section 4.10.)

..

The GPO manual is still NARAs primary reference for style. For issues not
covered in the NARA guide, continue to consult the GPO manual.

..

The appendix, ?Quick Reference,? may be particularly helpful to NARA writers. This list of words and phrases provides quick answers to common questions a bout capitalization, spelling, compound words, and plurals.

..

The NARA Style Guide took shape from the agencys specific language needs
and will continue to change to reflect the needs and concerns of NARA writers.

Use the NARA Style Guide for all NARA communications.

..

If you have questions about spelling, grammar, or usage that are not addressed
by this guide, contact the Strategy and Communications staff

..


(SC, Mary Ryan: mary.ryan@..., telephone 202-357-5482).

..


Helpful References

..

PlainLanguage.gov

http://www.plainlanguage.gov

..


Bremner, John B.
Words on Words.
New York: Columbia University Press, 1980.

..

The Chicago Manual of Style.
16th ed.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010.

..

Cormier, Robin.
Error-Free Writing:
A Lifetime Guide to Flawless Business Writing.
Paramus, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1995.

..

Editors of EEI Press,
E-What?:
A Guide to the Quirks of New Media Style and Usage.
Alexandria, VA: EEI Press, 2000.

..

General Services Administration,
Standard and Optional Forms Procedural Handbook.
Washington, DC: GSA, July 2009.
http://www.gsa.gov/portal/forms/type/SF

..

Gunning, Robert.
The Technique of Clear Writing.
New York: McGraw-Hill, rev. 1983.

..

Lauchman, Richard.
Plain Style:
Techniques for Simple, Concise, Emphatic Business Writing.
New York: AMACOM, 1993.

..

National Archives and Records Administration,
Guide for Preparing NARA Correspondence:
A Supplement to NARA 201 (June 13, 2005).
http://tinyurl.com/p9zmaol


..

National Archives and Records Administration,
Office of the Federal Register,
Plain Language Tools.
http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/write/plain-language/

..

National Archives and Records Administration,
Office of the Federal Register,
Drafting Legal Documents.
http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/write/legal-docs/index.html

..

The New York Public Library
Writers Guide to Style and Usage.
New York: HarperCollins, 1994.

..

Redish, Janice (Ginny).
Letting Go of the Words: Writing Web Content that Works.
San Francisco: Morgan Kaufman, 2007.

..

Strunk, William, Jr.
The Elements of Style. With revisions, an introduction,
and a chapter on writing
by E. B. White.
4th ed.
Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1999.
(commonly known as ?Strunk and White?)

..

United States Government Printing Office
Style Manual.
Washington, DC: GPO, 2008.
http://www.gpoaccess.gov/stylemanual/browse.html

..


Contents

1. Writing in Plain Language

1.1 Think about your audience

1.2 Organize your material

1.2.1 Use headings and subheadings

1.2.2 Limit heading levels to three or fewer

1.2.3 Write short sections

1.3 Verbs

1.3.1 Use the active voice (unless passive makes more sense)

1.3.2 Use the simplest form of the verb

1.3.3 Dont hide the verb

1.3.4 Dont use ?shall?

1.3.5 Avoid the false subjects It is and There are

1.3.6 Use contractions when appropriate

1.4 Nouns and pronouns

1.4.1 Use everyday words

1.4.2 Avoid ?noun strings?

1.4.3 Use pronouns

1.5 Omit unnecessary words

1.5.1 Write with a word, not a phrase

1.5.2 Avoid redundancy

1.5.3 Avoid intruding words

1.5.4 Dont ?double? terms

1.5.5 Beware basis, manner, fashion, and way

1.6 Sentences

1.6.1 Write short sentences

1.6.2 Place words carefully

1.6.3 Use idioms

1.6.4 Minimize the use of ?not?

2. Formatting for Readability

2.1 Understand that isolation is emphasis

2.2 Dont hesitate to use headings in any document

2.3 Isolate lead sentences

2.4 Feel free to write one-sentence paragraphs

2.5 Use standard typefaces for the text

2.6 Leave the right margin ragged

2.7 Leave plenty of white space

2.8 Use discretion with graphics

2.9 Use tables to present comparisons

2.10 Use vertical lists

2.11 Use footnotes and endnotes for explanatory or peripheral information iv

2.12 Adjust established formats when necessary

3. Writing and Formatting Email

3.1 Think before sending

3.2 Use the subject field

3.3 Be cautious about using special type styles

3.4 Be judicious when capitalizing words

3.5 Keep paragraphs short

3.6 Maintain a businesslike tone

4. Usage and Style

4.1 Abbreviations and Symbols

4.1.1 Geographic locations

4.1.2 United States / U.S.

4.1.3 Personal titles

4.1.4 Citations

4.1.5 Typographic symbols

4.2 Acronyms

4.3 Addresses

4.4 Capitalization

4.4.1 Geographic terms

4.4.2 Military terms

4.4.3 NARA forms, directives, and notices

4.4.4 Organizations

4.4.5 Personal titles

4.5 Compounds

4.5.1 Prefixes

4.5.2 Compound adjectives

4.5.3 Compound nouns

4.5.4 Suspended compounds

4.5.5 References to ethnicity

4.6 Computer-related terms

4.7 Dates

4.8 Grammar reminders

4.8.1 Subject/verb agreement

4.8.2 Prepositions and pronouns

4.9 Gender-neutral language

4.10 Numbers

4.11 Plurals

4.12 Possessives

4.13 Problem words and phrases

4.14 Punctuation

4.14.1 Apostrophe

4.14.2 Colons and semicolons

4.14.3 Comma

4.14.4 Dash

4.14.5 Ellipses

4.14.6 Parentheses

4.14.7 Quotation marks

4.15 References to NARA

4.16 Titles of works: italics or quotation marks


Appendix: Quick Reference

..

1. Writing in Plain Language

..

Writing in plain language means writing clearly.
It means writing so that readers can
find what they need, understand what they find,
and use what they find to meet their needs.
The more clearly you communicate, the more likely
your readers will grasp what you want them to grasp
and do what you want them to do, from filling out a
form correctly to complying with a regulation.
And the less likely it is that your readers will
call or write you to ask questions or express
frustration.



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

MEDICINE :

HEALTH :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICE.
CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION (CDC):

Plain Writing at CDC



Plain language improves communication. Decide who you are

trying to communicate with and decide on your key message.



Be clear.

Dr. Thomas Frieden, CDC Director, 2012

Our Promise to the Public: Writing You Can Understand

CDC is committed to using plain writing in information for the public.

Our information is relevant to many groups, and

plain writing makes the information even more useful.

The Plain Writing Act of 2010 requires all federal agencies

to write plainly when they communicate with the public,

and CDC is taking many steps to use plain writing.



http://www.cdc.gov/other/plainwriting.html



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

MEDICINE :

HEALTH :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:
U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY:

United States Environmental Protection Agency.

EPA Communications Stylebook



http://tinyurl.com/on8yulm



United States Environmental Protection Agency.
EPA Communications Stylebook

Contents Include
Nine steps to publication
Graphics Guide
EPA Communications Stylebook: Graphics Guide
Color Printing vs. Black and White
Writing Guide
Grammar, Punctuation, Spelling, Vocabulary, Syntax and Usage
Introduction - Writing Style in General
and much more



United States Environmental Protection Agency.

EPA Communications Stylebook

http://www2.epa.gov/stylebook

Also This Content Summary

http://tinyurl.com/on8yulm



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT :

HISTORY:

New Deal Programs: Selected Library of Congress Resources.

Federal Writers' Project



New Deal Programs:

Selected Library of Congress Resources.

Federal Writers' Project



http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/newdeal/fwp.html



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

MEDICINE :

HEALTH :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:
THE CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION :

SOCIAL MEDIA :

SOCIAL NETWORKING:

CDC's Guide to Writing for Social Media



http://tinyurl.com/8x6kew6



..



Table of Contents

...

Acknowledgements
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction
What Is Social Media?
What Is This Guide For? How Should It Be Used?
Social Media and Communication Strategy
Chapter 2: Before You Start
Target Audiences, Health Literacy and Plain Language, and Social Marketing
Chapter 3: Principles of Effective Social Media Writing
Creating Content
Examples of Relevant, Useful, and Interesting Messages
Chapter 4: How to Write for Facebook
Profiles and Pages
Best Practices for Writing CDC Facebook Posts
Sample CDC Facebook Posts
Chapter 5: How to Write for Twitter
Twitter Syntax
Anatomy of a Tweet
Best Practices for Writing CDC Tweets
Sample CDC Tweets
Chapter 6: How to Write Text Messages
Best Practices for Writing CDC Text Messages
Sample CDC Text Messages
Chapter 7: How to Use Your Web Content as Source Material for Social Media
Content
Make Social Media Writing Easier by Repurposing Web Content
Plan to Rewrite Your Web Content for Use in Social Media
Chapter 8: Hands-On Practice in Revising Social Media Content
Improve These Draft Facebook Posts
Improve These Draft Tweets
Improve These Draft Text Messages
Improved Facebook Posts
Improved Tweets
Improved Text Messages
Chapter 9: Checklist for Writing for Social Media
Chapter 10: Glossary
Facebook Terms
Twitter Terms
Texting Terms
Chapter 11: Social Media Writing Resources
CDC's Social Media and Writing Resources
Federal Agencies' Social Media and Writing Resources
State Government Social Media and Writing Resources
Other Social Media and Writing Resources
Appendix A: Audience Segmentation
Audience Information, by Age
Audience Information, by Role



http://tinyurl.com/8x6kew6



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT :

LAW: COURTS: JUDGES:

Judicial Writing Manual: A Pocket Guide for Judges



Judicial Writing Manual: A Pocket Guide for Judges
Second Edition
Federal Judicial Center
2013



http://www2.fjc.gov/sites/default/files/ 2014/Judicial-Writing-Manual-2D-FJC-2013.pdf

A shorter URL for the above link:

http://tinyurl.com/peo4c4e



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

AUSTRALIA: GOVERNMENT:

Australian Government Writing Manual



http://www.australia.gov.au/about-government/publications/style-manual



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT :

PROPOSALS : WRITING AND WRITERS: PROPOSAL WRITING:

A Guide for Proposal Writing.

FROM National Science Foundation.

Directorate for Education and Human Resources

Division of Undergraduate Education



A Guide for Proposal Writing.

FROM National Science Foundation.

Directorate for Education and Human Resources

Division of Undergraduate Education

Table of Contents

Introduction
Program Information
Review Process
Criteria for Evaluation

I. Intellectual Merit

II. Broader Impacts

ADVICE TO PROPOSAL WRITERS

Step 1 - Before You Write
Getting Started
Gathering Background Information
Looking at the Program Solicitation or Announcement
Thinking About the Target Audience
Building Coalitions
Other Considerations

Step 2 - Writing the Proposal
Writing the Proposal Narrative
Including Budget Information
Writing the Credentials of the PI and Other Staff
Including Evaluation and Dissemination Information
Letters of Endorsement
Project Summary and Project Data Form

Step 3 - Before Sending Your Proposal to NSF
Learning More About the Review Process
Getting Advice
Before Finishing the Proposal
Little Things That Can Make a Difference

Step 4 - Awards and Declinations
If The Grant is Awarded
If Your Proposal is Not Funded
A Final Note



http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2004/nsf04016/nsf04016.pdf



..



Plain Writing FROM The United States Agriculture Department (USDA).



"On July 19, 2012, the Center for Plain Language

issued the first report cardThis is an external link

or third-party site outside of the United States

Department of Agriculture (USDA) website.

of federal agencies' efforts to comply with the

Plain Writing Act. The report card grades agencies

on their efforts to comply with the Plain Writing

Act and each agency's plain writing supporting

activities. USDA received the highest grades

among federal agencies in both categories.

We are honored by this success, but there is more

work to do and we need your help. Please let us

know if you have trouble understanding any of

our documents."

As a measure of our success, the Center for Plain

Language awarded USDA its second "A" for compliance

and a "B" for how well our documents adhered to

plain language principles. We are proud of our

continued success - and will strive to further improve

how well we communicate with you.

Our pledge is in keeping with our long-standing

commitment to provide you with the information

you need from us. President Obama emphasized

the importance of establishing "a system of

transparency, public participation, and collaboration"

in his January 21, 2009, Memorandum on

Transparency and Open Government.

The Plain Language Action and Information Network

(PLAIN) is the official interagency working group

designated to assist in issuing plain writing guidance.

The PLAIN web site includes guidelines on plain

anguage and tools for writing in plain language.

Federal Plain Language Web Site
Federal Plain Language Guidelines
Federal Plain Language Tips and Tools
Plain Writing Act of 2010 (PDF)

In addition to the Federal Plain Language website tools

and resources available, USDA has developed its own

materials to assist employees with Plain Language

training and compliance, and guide you through the

process of integrating plain writing into covered

documents.

Plain Language Writer's Checklist (DOC, 15KB)
Plain Language Reviewer's Checklist (DOC, 13KB)
Plain Language Training Resources (DOC, 23KB)
USDA Plain Writing AgLearn Training (updated course)

Some other good resources developed by other Federal

agencies that discuss how to write using Plain Language in

technical writing can be found using the links listed below.

These include guides on how to write Federal Register

notices, legal documents, short rules, and more.

Federal Register Tools for Plain Language
SEC Plain Writing Handbook (PDF)



http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=PLAIN_WRITING

You can read about the 2013 report card here


This is an external link or third-party site outside

of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)

website.

http://centerforplainlanguage.org/report-cards/2013-report-card/

Memorandum on Transparency and Open Government.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/TransparencyandOpenGovernment

The Plain Writing Act of 2010 (PDF)
http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-111hr946enr/pdf/BILLS-111hr946enr.pdf

USDA Plain Writing Implementation Plan, July 13, 2011 (PDF, 90KB)
http://www.usda.gov/documents/PL-Report-final.pdf

USDA Plain Writing Implementation Plan, July 13, 2011 (PDF, 90KB)
http://www.usda.gov/documents/USDA_Compliance_Report_04-13-2012.pdf

USDA Plain Writing Act Compliance Report, April 12, 2013 (PDF, 1.24MB)
http://www.usda.gov/documents/usda-plain-writing-act-2013-compliance-report.pdf

USDA Plain Writing Act Compliance Report, April 14, 2014 (PDF, 1.53MB)
http://www.usda.gov/documents/usda-plain-writing-act-2014-compliance-report.pdf

and about USDA's work here

http://tinyurl.com/ncl3x24

http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2004/nsf04016/nsf04016.pdf



Federal Plain Language Guidelines



http://www.plainlanguage.gov/



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: GRANT WRITING :

WRITING AND WRITERS: GUIDES AND HANDBOOKS :

GRANTS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:

CATALOG OF FEDERAL DOMESTIC ASSISTANCE. GRANT WRITING:

Grant Writing

FROM The Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA)



http://tinyurl.com/ov64n72



..



Guidelines FROM Usability.GOV



Guideline Chapters

Chapter 1: Design Process and Evaluation
Chapter 2: Optimizing the User Experience
Chapter 3: Accessibility
Chapter 4: Hardware and Software
Chapter 5: The Home Page
Chapter 6: Page Layout
Chapter 7: Navigation
Chapter 8: Scrolling and Paging
Chapter 9: Headings, Titles, and Labels
Chapter 10: Links
Chapter 11: Text Appearance
Chapter 12: Lists
Chapter 13: Screen-Based Controls (Widgets)
Chapter 14: Graphics, Images, and Multimedia
Chapter 15: Writing Web Content
Chapter 16: Content Organization
Chapter 17: Search
Chapter 18: Usability Testing

The Research-Based Web Design and Usability Guidelines
is also available as a PDF (21MB) for downloading convenience.

It includes the:

Background and methodology
Glossary
Appendices
Sources
Author index



http://guidelines.usability.gov/

..



Research-Based Web Design and Usability Guidelines is also available as a PDF (21MB)
http://www.usability.gov/how-to-and-tools/resources/guidelines_book.pdf

United States Government Printing Office Style Manual. Washington, DC: GPO, 2008.



Title Page, Style Board, Extract from Title 44, U.S.C.,
About This Manual, GPO's Online Initiatives
PDF | Text | More

Contents PDF | Text | More

Chapter 1 - Advice to Authors and Editors PDF | Text | More

Chapter 2 - General Instructions PDF | Text | More

Chapter 3 - Capitalization Rules PDF | Text | More

Chapter 4 - Capitalization Examples PDF | Text | More

Chapter 5 - Spelling PDF | Text | More

Chapter 6 - Compounding Rules PDF | Text | More

Chapter 7 - Compounding Examples PDF | Text | More

Chapter 8 - Punctuation PDF | Text | More

Chapter 9 - Abbreviations and Letter Symbols PDF | Text | More

Chapter 10 - Signs and Symbols PDF | Text | More

Chapter 11 - Italic PDF | Text | More

Chapter 12 - Numerals PDF | Text | More

Chapter 13 - Tabular Work PDF | Text | More

Chapter 14 - Leaderwork PDF | Text | More

Chapter 15 - Footnotes, Indexes, Contents, and Outlines PDF | Text | More

Chapter 16 - Datelines, Addresses, and Signatures PDF | Text | More

Chapter 17 - Useful Tables PDF | Text | More

Chapter 18 - Geologic Terms and Geographic Divisions PDF | Text | More

Chapter 19 - Congressional Record, Congressional Record Index PDF | Text | More

Chapter 20 - Reports and Hearings PDF | Text | More

Index



http://tinyurl.com/d35c7qe



..



United States Government Printing Office

Style Manual.

Washington, DC: GPO, 2008

FULL TEXT IN ONE FILE OF THE ENTIRE PUBLLICATION.



http://tinyurl.com/kn2n44x



..



..



WEBBIB1516



http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy



..



..





Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html





..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

WRITING AND WRITERS: PLAIN ENGLISH WRITING : BIBLIOGRAPHIES : BOOKS : DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS: Plain English Writing

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


Plain English Writing Sources Including Books and Database Search Results

..

..


WRITING AND WRITERS: PLAIN ENGLISH WRITING :



BIBLIOGRAPHIES :



BOOKS :



DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS:



Plain English Writing



..



..



WEBBIB1516



http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy



..



..





Plain English Writing

..

..







Federal Plain Language Guidelines



http://www.plainlanguage.gov/index.cfm



Federal Plain Language Guidelines March 2011 - Rev. 1, May 2011
Plain-Language Training
Training Resources
Examples Database (beta)
Plain Language It's the Law
Agency Requirements
Agency PL Webpage
PL in Federal Agencies
Tips and Tools
Starting a Plain-Language Program
Planning a Plain-Language Website

Examples



http://www.plainlanguage.gov/index.cfm

..

American Academy of Nurse Practitioners
http://www.aanp.org/

..


American Academy of Ophthalmology
http://www.aao.org/

..


American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons
http://www.aaos.org/

..


American Academy of Physician Assistants
http://www.aapa.org

..


American Association of Health Insurance Plans
http://www.aahip.org/

..


American Association of Homes and Services for the Aging
http://www.aahsa.org/

..


American Association of Orthodontists
http://www.braces.org

..


American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
http://www.acog.org/

..


American College Health Association
http://www.acha.org/

..


American College of Preventive Medicine
http://www.acpm.org/

..


American Council of the Blind
http://www.acb.org/

..


American Counseling Association
http://www.counseling.org/

..


American Dental Hygienists' Association
http://www.adha.org/

..


American Dietetic Association
http://www.eatright.org/

..


American Geriatrics Society
http://www.americangeriatrics.org/

..


American Health Care Association
http://www.ahca.org/

..


American Lung Association
http://www.lungusa.org/

..


American Medical Association
http://www.ama-assn.org/

..


American Medical Student Association
http://www.amsa.org/

..


American Medical Women's Association
http://www.amwa-doc.org/

..


American Nurses Association
http://www.ana.org/

..


American Occupational Therapy Association
http://www.aota.org

..


American Optometric Association
http://www.aoa.org

..


American Pharmaceutical Association
http://www.aphanet.org

..


American Podiatric Medical Association
http://www.apma.org/

..


American Psychological Association
http://www.apa.org/

..


American Red Cross
http://www.redcross.org/

..


American Society of Clinical Pathologists
http://www.ascp.org/

..


American Urological Association
http://www.auanet.org/

..


American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance
http://www.aahperd.org

..


Anxiety Disorders Association of America
http://www.adaa.org

..


Arthritis Foundation
http://www.arthritis.org/

..


Association of Clinicians for the Underserved
http://www.clinicians.org

..


Association of Maternal and Child Health Programs
http://www.amchp.org

..


Association of Public Health Laboratories
http://www.aphl.org/

..


Association of Schools of Public Health
http://www.asph.org/

..


Association of State and Territorial Health Officials
http://www.astho.org/

..


Council on Education for Public Health
http://www.ceph.org/

..


Epilepsy Foundation of America
http://www.efa.org/



..



Association of Clinicians for the Underserved

http://www.clinicians.org

..


National Rural Health Association
http://www.ruralhealthweb.org/

..



National Association of Community Health Centers
http://www.nachc.com/

..


National Association of County and City Health Officials
http://www.naccho.org/

..


National Association of Health Data Organizations
http://www.nahdo.org/

..


National Family Caregivers Association
http://www.nfcacares.org

..


National Forum for Health Care Quality Measurement and Reporting
http://www.qualityforum.org

..


National Mental Health Association
http://www.nmha.org/

..


National Network for Immunization Information
http://www.immunizationinfo.org

..


National Public Health Leadership Development Network
http://www.heartlandcenters.slu.edu

..


Society for Nutrition Education
http://www.sne.org

..


The Society of Hospital Medicine
http://www.hospitalmedicine.org

..


Society for Public Health Education
http://www.sophe.org/



..



Federal Plain Language Guidelines



http://www.plainlanguage.gov/



..



Plain Writing FROM The United States Agriculture Department (USDA).

"On July 19, 2012, the Center for Plain Language issued the first
report cardThis is an external link or third-party site outside of
the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) website. of
federal agencies' efforts to comply with the Plain Writing Act.
The report card grades agencies on their efforts to comply with
the Plain Writing Act and each agency's plain writing supporting
activities. USDA received the highest grades among federal
agencies in both categories. We are honored by this success, but
there is more work to do and we need your help. Please let us
know if you have trouble understanding any of our documents."

As a measure of our success, the Center for Plain Language
awarded USDA its second "A" for compliance and a "B" for how
well our documents adhered to plain language principles. We are
proud of our continued success - and will strive to further improve
how well we communicate with you.

Our pledge is in keeping with our long-standing commitment to
provide you with the information you need from us. President
Obama emphasized the importance of establishing "a system of
transparency, public participation, and collaboration" in his
January 21, 2009, Memorandum on Transparency and Open
Government.

The Plain Language Action and Information Network (PLAIN) is the
official interagency working group designated to assist in issuing
plain writing guidance. The PLAIN web site includes guidelines on
plain language and tools for writing in plain language.

Federal Plain Language Web Site
Federal Plain Language Guidelines
Federal Plain Language Tips and Tools
Plain Writing Act of 2010 (PDF)

In addition to the Federal Plain Language website tools and resources
available, USDA has developed its own materials to assist employees
with Plain Language training and compliance, and guide you through
the process of integrating plain writing into covered documents.

Plain Language Writer's Checklist (DOC, 15KB)
Plain Language Reviewer's Checklist (DOC, 13KB)
Plain Language Training Resources (DOC, 23KB)
USDA Plain Writing AgLearn Training (updated course)

Some other good resources developed by other Federal agencies that
discuss how to write using Plain Language in technical writing can be
found using the links listed below. These include guides on how to write
Federal Register notices, legal documents, short rules, and more.

Federal Register Tools for Plain Language
SEC Plain Writing Handbook (PDF)



http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=PLAIN_WRITING



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: GUIDES AND HANDBOOKS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:

Federal Plain Language Guidelines, March 2011

Federal Plain Language Guidelines, March 2011

Plain Language.gov

Improving communications from the Federal Government to the public

Table of Contents

Think about your audience
Identify and write for your audience
Address separate audiences separately
Organize
Organize to meet your readers' needs
Address one person, not a group
Use lots of useful headings
Write short sections
Write your document
Words
Verbs
Use active voice
Use the simplest form of a verb
Avoid hidden verbs
Use "must" to indicate requirements
Use contractions when appropriate
Nouns and pronouns
Don't turn verbs into nouns
Use pronouns to speak directly to readers
Minimize abbreviations
Other word issues
Use short, simple words
Omit unnecessary words
Dealing with definitions
Use the same term consistently for a specific thought or
object
Avoid legal, foreign, and technical jargon
Don't use slashes
Sentences
Write short sentences
Keep subject, verb, and object close together
Avoid double negatives and exceptions to exceptions
Place the main idea before exceptions and conditions
Place words carefully
Paragraphs
Have a topic sentence
Use transition words
Write short paragraphs
Cover only one topic in each paragraph
Other aids to clarity
Use examples
Use lists
Use tables to make complex material easier to understand
Consider using illustrations
Use emphasis to highlight important concepts
Minimize cross-references
Design your document for easy reading
Write for the web
How do people use the web?
Write for your users
Identify your users and their top tasks
Write web content
Repurpose print material for the web
Avoid PDF overload
Use plain-language techniques on the web
Avoid meaningless formal language
Write effective links
Test
Paraphrase Testing
Usability Testing
Controlled Comparative Studies
Testing Successes
Paraphrase Testing from the Veterans Benefits Administration
Usability Testing from the National Cancer Institute

One may download the Word or PDF version of the full Guidelines.



(writers OR "writer s" OR writing) AND (manual OR handbook OR guide)
AND SITE: GOV

"employee manual" OR "employee manuals" OR "employee handbooks"
OR "employee handbook" OR "employee guide" OR "employee guides"

http://tinyurl.com/o684wda

OR

https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/2015/07/13/
writing-and-writers-guides-and-handbooks-united-
states-government-federal-plain-language-guidelines-march-2011/



..



SOCIAL ISSUES :

POVERTY :

ECONOMIC DISCRIMINATION:

Explaining White Privilege to a Broke White Person



Explaining White Privilege to a Broke White Person
Posted: 05/08/2014 12:57 pm EDT
Updated: 09/03/2014 11:59 am EDT
Gina Crosley-Corcoran
Huffington Post



http://tinyurl.com/n953e3h



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

INVESTMENT SECURITIES DOCUMENTS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION:

A Plain English Handbook: How to Create Clear SEC Disclosure Documents

WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :
UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION:
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
A Plain English Handbook:
How to Create Clear SEC Disclosure Documents
..
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
Office of Investor Education and Assistance
A Plain English Handbook:
How to Create Clear SEC Disclosure Documents

"This handbook shows how you can use well-established techniques for
writing in plain English to create clearer and more informative
disclosure documents. We are publishing this handbook only for your
general information. Of course, when drafting a document for filing with
the SEC, you must make sure it meets all legal requirements."

Table of Contents

Preface by Warren E. Buffett 1
Introduction by Arthur Levitt, Chairman 3
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission
Chapter 1
What Is a Plain English Document? 5
Chapter 2
Getting Started 7
Chapter 3
Knowing Your Audience 9
Chapter 4
Knowing the Information You Need to Disclose 11
Chapter 5
Reorganizing the Document 15
Chapter 6
Writing in Plain English 17
Chapter 7
Designing the Document 37
Chapter 8
Time-Saving Tips 55
Chapter 9
Using Readability Formulas and Style Checkers 57
Chapter 10
Evaluating the Document 59
Chapter 11
Reading List 61
Chapter 12
Keeping in Touch with Us 63
Appendix A Plain English at a Glance 65
The SECs Plain English Rulesan Excerpt 66
Appendix B Plain English Examples 69
Before and After Filings with Notes 70
a plain

From the Preface

"There are several possible explanations as to why I and others sometimes
stumble over an accounting note or indenture description. Maybe we simply
dont have the technical knowledge to grasp what the writer wishes to
convey. Or perhaps the writer doesnt understand what he or she is talking
about. In some cases, moreover, I suspect that a less-thanscrupulous
issuer doesnt want us to understand a subject it feels legally obligated
to touch upon.

Perhaps the most common problem, however, is that a well-intentioned and
informed writer simply fails to get the message across to an intelligent,
interested reader. In that case, stilted jargon and complex constructions
are usually the villains.

This handbook tells you how to free yourself of those impediments to
effective communication. Write as this handbook instructs you and you
will be amazed at how much smarter your readers will think you have
become."

"One unoriginal but useful tip: Write with a specific person in mind.
When writing Berkshire Hathaways annual report, I pretend that Im talking
to my sisters. I have no trouble picturing them: Though highly
intelligent, they are not experts in accounting or finance. They will
understand plain English, but jargon may puzzle them. My goal is simply
to give them the information I would wish them to supply me if our
positions were reversed. To succeed, I dont need to be Shakespeare; I
must, though, have a sincere desire to inform.

No siblings to write to? Borrow mine: Just begin with Dear Doris and
Bertie."

by Warren E. Buffett

Introduction

Investors need to read and understand disclosure documents to benefit
fully from the protections offered by our federal securities laws. Because
many investors are neither lawyers, accountants, nor investment bankers,
we need to start writing disclosure documents in a language investors can
understand: plain English.

The shift to plain English requires a new style of thinking and writing,
whether you work at a company, a law firm, or the U.S. Securities and
Exchange Commission. We must question whether the documents we are used to
writing highlight the important information investors need to make
informed decisions. The legalese and jargon of the past must give way to
everyday words that communicate complex information clearly.

The good news is that more and more companies and lawyers are using plain
English and filing documents with the SEC that others can study, use, and
improve upon. With the SECs plain English rules in place, every prospectus
will have its cover page, summary, and risk factors in plain English.

The benefits of plain English abound. Investors will be more likely to
understand what they are buying and to make informed judgments about
whether they should hold or sell their investments. Brokers and investment
advisers can make better recommendations to their clients if they can read

and understand these documents quickly and easily.

Companies that communicate successfully with their investors form stronger
relationships with them. These companies save the costs of explaining
legalese and dealing with confused and sometimes angry investors. Lawyers
reviewing plain English documents catch and correct mistakes more easily.
Many companies have switched to plain English because its a good business
decision. They see the value of communicating with their investors rather
than sending them impenetrable documents. And as we depend more and

more on the Internet and electronic delivery of documents, plain English
versions will be easier to read electronically than legalese.

The SECs staff has created this handbook to help speed and smooth the
transition to plain English. It includes proven tips from those in the
private sector who have already created plain English disclosure
documents. This handbook reflects their substantial contributions and
those of highly regarded experts in the field who were our consultants on
this project, Dr. William Lutz at Rutgers University and the firm of Siegel

and Gale in New York City.

But I hasten to add that the SEC has not cornered the market on plain
English advice. Our rules and communications need as strong a dose of
plain English as any disclosure document. This handbook gives you some
ideas on what has worked for others, but use whatever works for you.
No matter what route you take to plain English, we want you to produce
documents that fulfill the promise of our securities laws. I urge you in
long and short documents, in prospectuses and shareholder reportsto speak
to investors in words they can understand. Tell them plainly what they
need to know to make intelligent investment decisions."

What Is a Plain English Document?

"Well start by dispelling a common misconception about plain English
writing. It does not mean deleting complex information to make the
document easier to understand. For investors to make informed decisions,
disclosure documents must impart complex information. Using plain English
assures the orderly and clear presentation of complex information so that
investors have the best possible chance of understanding it.

Plain English means analyzing and deciding what information investors need
to make informed decisions, before words, sentences, or paragraphs are
considered. A plain English document uses words economically and at a
level the audience can understand. Its sentence structure is tight. Its
tone is welcoming and direct. Its design is visually appealing. A plain
English document is easy to read and looks like its meant to be read."

This handbooks purpose

"This handbook gives you practical tips on how to create plain English
documents. All of these were born of experience. They come from experts
and those who have already written or rewritten their documents in plain
English.

As with all the advice in this handbook, feel free to tailor these tips to
your schedule, your document, and your budget. Not all of the tips will
apply to everyone or to every document. Pick and choose the ones that make
sense for you.

Some of our tips cover very basic mechanical issues, like how to photocopy
your working draft. Weve included them because they were learned the hard
way and have saved people time, money, and aggravation. Youll see them
listed in Chapter 8, titled Time-Saving Tips.

This handbook is by no means the last word on plain English. We expect to
change it and add more tips as we learn more about writing securities
documents in plain English. So please keep notes on your experiences and
copies of your original and rewritten language. We want to hear from you
and include your tips and rewrites in the next edition.

Finally, we encourage you to give this handbook out freely. It is not
copyrighted, so you can photocopy it without fear of penalty."



https://www.sec.gov/pdf/handbook.pdf



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

MEDICINE :

HEALTH :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICE.

CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION (CDC):

Plain Writing at CDC

Plain language improves communication. Decide who you are trying to
communicate with and decide on your key message. Be clear.

Dr. Thomas Frieden, CDC Director, 2012

Our Promise to the Public: Writing You Can Understand

CDC is committed to using plain writing in information for the public.

Our information is relevant to many groups, and plain writing makes
the information even more useful. The Plain Writing Act of 2010 requires
all federal agencies to write plainly when they communicate with the
public, and CDC is taking many steps to use plain writing.



http://www.cdc.gov/other/plainwriting.html



..



BOOKS: Oxford Guide to Plain English

Oxford Guide to Plain English
Author Martin Cutts
Edition 4
Publisher OUP Oxford, 2013
ISBN 0191649120, 9780191649127
Length 320 pages

Table of Contents

1 Writing short sentences and clear paragraphs
2 Preferring plain words
3 Writing tight
4 Favouring active voice verbs
5 Using vigorous verbs and untying noun strings
6 Using vertical lists
7 Converting negative to positive
8 Cross references cross readers
9 Using good punctuation
10 Pitching your writing at the right level
11 Six writing myths explored and exploded
12 Clearly nonsexist
13 Conquering grammarphobia
14 Sound starts and excellent endings
15 Planning well
16 Using reader centred structure
17 Using alternatives to words words words
18 Management of colleagues writing
19 Good practice with email
20 Writing better instructions
21 Clarity for the Web
22 Lucid legal language
23 Writing low literacy plain English
24 Basics of clear layout

its time to Proof read
commonest words
Sources and notes
Index



http://tinyurl.com/q3ueqzc



..


Oxford Guide to Plain English
Author Martin Cutts
Edition 4
Publisher OUP Oxford, 2013
ISBN 0191649120, 9780191649127
Length 320 pages



..



BOOKS: Legal Writing in Plain English, Second Edition: A Text with Exercises

Legal Writing in Plain English, Second Edition: A Text with Exercises
Chicago Guides to Writing, Editing, and Publishing

Table of Contents

Introduction
Principles for All Legal Writing
Principles Mainly for Analytical and Persuasive Writing
Principles Mainly for Legal Drafting
Principles of Document Design
Methods for Continued Improvement
How to Punctuate
Four Model Documents
Key to Basic Exercises
Bibliography
Index



http://tinyurl.com/nuywydt



..



BOOKS: How to Write Plain English: A Book for Lawyers and Consumers

How to write plain English: a book for lawyers and consumers
Author Rudolf Franz Flesch
Publisher Harper & Row, 1979
ISBN 0060112786, 9780060112783
Length 126 pages



http://tinyurl.com/oo5wlda



..



BOOKS: Grammar in Plain English

Grammar in Plain English
Authors Harriet Diamond, Phyllis Dutwin
Edition illustrated
Publisher Barron's Educational Series, 1997
ISBN 0812096487, 9780812096484
Length 358 pages

Table of Contents

Understanding Time and Number
Adding Descriptive Words
Using Descriptive Words Correctly
Adding Descriptive Phrases
Cumulative Review
Linking Words
Special Problems
Special Problems
Cumulative Review
SUMMARY OF RESULTS
More Punctuation
Capitalization
Spelling
Word Usage
Cumulative Review
SUMMARY OF RESULTS
Pronouns
Cumulative Re view
SUMMARY OF RESULTS
Punctuation
Practice Examination
Guide to Grammatical Terms



http://tinyurl.com/p3adnz5



..



BOOKS: CARs in Plain English

CARs in Plain English
Author Phil Croucher
Publisher Lulu.com, 2001
ISBN 096819284X, 9780968192849
Length 256 pages

Canadian Aviation Regulations Translated

Table of Contents

About the Author
Aircraft Identification
Operation of Leased Aircraft by a Nonregistered Owner
Personnel Licensing and Training
402
Airworthiness
General Operating Flight Rules
Preflight and Fuel Requirements
Technical Records
Commercial Air Services
Air Taxi
Operational Support Services Eqpt
Right Seat Conversion Training
Air Navigation Services



http://tinyurl.com/o23hft7



..



BOOKS: The Plain English Approach to Business Writing

The Plain English Approach to Business Writing
Oxford Paperbacks
Author Edward P. Bailey
Edition illustrated, revised
Publisher Oxford University Press, USA, 1997
ISBN 0195115651, 9780195115659
Length 132 pages

Table of Contents

What is Plain English?
Writing a Readable Sentence
Getting to the Point
Adding Visual Impact
A Model for Writing
More about Style
Passive Voice
Abstractness
Executive Summary
More about Layout
Typefaces
Headings
Bullets
Final Words
The Writing Process
Supervising Writers
Punctuation
More about Organization
Blueprint
Simpler Words and Phrases
Index



http://tinyurl.com/puelvhn



..



BOOKS: Statistics in Plain English

Statistics in Plain English, Third Edition
Author Timothy C. Urdan
Edition 3, revised
Publisher Taylor & Francis, 2010
ISBN 020385117X, 9780203851173
Length 223 pages

Table of Contents

Preface;
Chapter 1 Introduction to Social Science Research Principles and Terminology;
Chapter 2 Measures of Central Tendency;
Chapter 3 Measures of Variability;
Chapter 4 The Normal Distribution;
Chapter 5 Standardization and z Scores;
Chapter 6 Standard Errors;
Chapter 7 Statistical Significance, Effect Size,
and Confidence Intervals;
Chapter 8 Correlation;
Chapter 9 t Tests;
Chapter 10 One-Way Analysis of Variance;
Chapter 11 Factorial Analysis of Variance;
Chapter 12 Repeated-Measures Analysis of Variance;
Chapter 13 Regression.
Chapter 14 The Chi-Square Test of Independence
Chapter 15 Factor Analysis and Reliability Analysis:
Data Reduction Techniques;
Appendices;
Appendix A;
Appendix B;
Appendix C;
Appendix D;
Appendix E;
References;
Glossary of Symbols;
Index.



http://tinyurl.com/qbedbca



..



BOOKS: Plain English at Work : A Guide to Writing and Speaking

Plain English at Work : A Guide to Writing and Speaking
Author Edward P. Bailey Jr. Professor of Business
Communications Marymount University
Publisher Oxford University Press, USA, 1996
ISBN 0198026447, 9780198026440
Length 304 pages

Table of Contents

What is Plain English Writing?
Writing a Readable Sentence
Getting to the Point
Adding Visual Impact
A Model for Writing
More about Style
Passive Voice
Abstractness
Designing a Successful Presentation
Organizing Your Presentation
Using Examples
Remembering What to Say
Choosing Visual Aids
Designing Visual Aids
Designing Visual Aids Further Tips
Designing Computer Presentations
Punctuation
More about Organization
Blueprint
Executive Summary
More about Layout
Typefaces
Headings
Bullets
Graphics
Final Words on Writing
The Writing Process
Supervising Writers
Speaking Clearly Easily
Designing Your Presentation
Involving Your Audience and Using Humor
Rehearsing
Giving Your Presentation
Setting up the Room
Using Effective Techniques of Delivery
Presenting Visual Aids
Handling Questions and Answers
Final Words on Speaking
Helping Others Speak Better
Simpler Words and Phrases
Checklist for Speakers
Checklist for Setting up the Room
Index



http://tinyurl.com/nvc394f



..



BOOKS : LAW : DICTIONARIES: Nolo's Plain-English Law Dictionary

Nolo's Plain-English Law Dictionary
Author Gerald Hill Attorney
Publisher Nolo, 2009
ISBN 1413315496, 9781413315493
Length 477 pages



http://tinyurl.com/p3majzw



..



BOOKS: A+ Style Manual for Legal Writing in Plain English

A+ Style Manual for Legal Writing in Plain English
Language Learning
REA's quick & easy guide

Table of Contents

Rules of Citatlon
Abbreviations
Compound Words
Footnotes
Punctuation
Quotations Omissions
Italicizing
Career as a Lawyer or Judge
Proofreading Symbols

Author Staff of Research Education Association
Editors Carl Fuchs, Research and Education Association
Edition illustrated
Publisher Research & Education Assoc., 2001
ISBN 0878913653, 9780878913657
Length 106 pages



http://tinyurl.com/o3pvfla



..



BOOKS: The Law (in Plain English) for Writers

The Law (in Plain English) for Writers
Law in Plain English Series
Authors Leonard D. DuBoff, Bert P. Krages
Publisher SphinxLegal, 2005
ISBN 1572484764, 9781572484764
Length 280 pages

Table of Contents

The Freedom to Write
Privacy Defamation and Other Content Issues
Copyright
Copyright Protection
Copyright Infringement
Access to Information
The Writers Relationship
Publishers
Magazine Contracts
The World Wide Web
The Writers Business
Writing as a Business
Keeping Taxes Low
The Writers Estate
Avoiding and Resolving Disputes
Glossary
Literary Agents
Alternatives to Mainstream Publishers
Working with Other People
Contracts
Book Contracts
Internet Resources
Index



http://tinyurl.com/oxalyre



..



BOOKS: Celestial Navigation in Plain English

Celestial Navigation in Plain English
Author Bill Heinlen
Publisher ProStar Publications, 1990
ISBN 0930030699, 9780930030698
Length 72 pages

Table of Contents

Introduction
Why Pencil and Paper Celestial
What You Need
Basic Concepts
The Navigation Triangle
Talking That Talk
Hawaii Bound
Two Easy Sights for Latitude
Fixes
Using a Sextant



http://tinyurl.com/q9qzegk



..



BOOKS: The Law (in Plain English) for Galleries

The Law (in Plain English) for Galleries
Author Leonard D. Duboff
Publisher Skyhorse Publishing, Inc., 1999
ISBN 158115982X, 9781581159820
Length 224 pages

Table of Contents

Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Organizing Your Business
Business Organization Checklist
The Business Plan
Borrowing from Banks
People Who Work for You
Copyright
Trademarks
Advertising
Web Sites in Cyberspace
Customer Relations
Liquor and Controlled Substance Liability
Business Insurance
Product Liability
Renting Commercial Space
Getting Paid
Franchises
Contracts
Dealing with Artists Craftspeople and Other Suppliers
Catalog Sales
Estate Planning
How to Find a Lawyer and an Accountant
APPENDIX A Gallery Consignment Agreement



http://tinyurl.com/nvemp2c



..



BOOKS: In Defence of Plain English:
The Decline and Fall of Literacy in Canada

In Defence of Plain English:
The Decline and Fall of Literacy in Canada
Author Victoria Branden

Table of Contents

Talking Classy
Dats a Good Woid
Some Too Frequently Utilized Good Woids
Oh Say CBC
As It Lays Dyeing
From Whence These Apotheoses and Epiphanies?
Lost Words and Losing Battles
Redundancy and Related Absurdities
Mad Metaphors
Politically Correct?
Jargon Gobbledegook and Bafflegab
The Naughty Bits
The Ed Biz
Words and Music
In a Fine Frenzy
Coolspeak and Other Intalk
Prepositions Pronouns and Other Boobytraps
Odd Couples
Spelling Bee
Casualties of Pronunciation
Mind the Stop Developing Comma Sense
Foreign Classy
Lying Language
Patriotism and Propaganda
Conclusion
Bibliography
Acknowledgements
Publisher Dundurn, 1992
ISBN 0888821433, 9780888821430
Length 200 pages



http://tinyurl.com/oquxud6



..



BOOKS: Math Made a Bit Easier:
Basic Math Explained in Plain English

Math Made a Bit Easier:
Basic Math Explained in Plain English
Author Larry Zafran
Publisher Larry Zafran, 2009
ISBN 1449565107, 9781449565107
Length 200 pages



http://tinyurl.com/nfh5thn



..



BOOKS: Writing Science in Plain English

Writing Science in Plain English
Chicago Guides to Writing, Editing, and Publishing
Author Anne E. Greene
Publisher University of Chicago Press, 2013
ISBN 022602640X, 9780226026404
Length 128 pages

Table of Contents

1 Why Write Science in Plain English?
2 Before You Write
3 Tell a Story
4 Favor the Active Voice
5 Choose Your Words with Care
6 Omit Needless Words
7 Old Information and New Information
8 Make Lists Parallel
9 Vary the Length of Your Sentences
10 Design Your Paragraphs
11 Arrange Your Paragraphs
Appendix 1 Basic Writing Concepts
Appendix 2 Exercise Key
Index



http://tinyurl.com/qh67a2t



..



BOOKS: Language on Trial:
The Plain English Guide to Legal Writing

Language on Trial:
The Plain English Guide to Legal Writing
Contributor Plain English Campaign
Edition illustrated
Publisher Robson Books, 1996
ISBN 1861050062, 9781861050069
Length 89 pages



Language on Trial: The Plain English Guide to Legal Writing
Contributor Plain English Campaign
Edition illustrated
Publisher Robson Books, 1996
ISBN 1861050062, 9781861050069
Length 89 pages

http://tinyurl.com/opejyjr



..



BOOKS: How to Write Plain English

How to Write Plain English
Author M. L. Stein
Publisher Monarch Press, 1984
ISBN 0671504258, 9780671504250
Length 144 pages



http://tinyurl.com/oa8kq27



..



BOOKS: The Rules of Golf in Plain English, Third Edition

The Rules of Golf in Plain English, Third Edition
Authors Jeffrey S. Kuhn, Bryan A. Garner
Edition revised
Publisher University of Chicago Press, 2012
ISBN 0226458229, 9780226458229
Length 184 pages

Table of Contents

The Game
Match Play
Stroke Play
Clubs
The Ball
The Players Responsibilities
Practice
Advice and Indicating Line of Play
Cleaning Ball
Ball Interfering with or Assisting Play
Loose Impediments
Interference and Relief from Obstructions
Interference and Relief from Abnormal Ground Conditions
Embedded Ball or Wrong Putting Green
Water Hazards
Ball Lost or Out of Bounds Provisional Ball
Unplayable Ball
Information About Strokes Taken
Teeing Ground
Searching for and Identifying Ball
Playing the Ball as it Lies
Striking the Ball Artificial Devices
Substituted Ball Wrong Ball
The Putting Green
The Flagstick
Movement of Ball at Rest
Moving Ball Deflected or Stopped
Procedures for Lifting Dropping and
Placing Playing from Wrong Place
Threesomes and Foursomes
ThreeBall BestBall and FourBall Match Play
FourBall Stroke Play
Bogey Par and Stableford Competitions
The Committee
Disputes and Decisions
Definitions
Appendix 1 Penalty Summary Chart
Appendix 2 Golf Etiquette
Index



http://tinyurl.com/q33ys3y



..



BOOKS: Power, Plain English, and the Rise of Modern Poetry

Power, Plain English, and the Rise of Modern Poetry
Author David Rosen
Publisher Yale University Press, 2008
ISBN 0300129483, 9780300129489
Length 224 pages



http://tinyurl.com/oxlxekz



..



BOOKS: Plain Language in Plain English

Plain Language in Plain English
Plain language wizardry series
Contributor Cheryl Stephens
Publisher Lulu.com, 2010
ISBN 0557537878, 9780557537877
Length 208 pages

Table of Contents

In Plain English
A Definition of Plain Language
The Plain Language Process
Identify Your Audiences
Research Your Readers
Reach Readers with Special Needs
Consider Readers Literacy
Prepare to Write 59
Write and Rewrite Plainly 99
Follow Usage Guidelines
Write Plain Sentences
Write Plain Effective Paragraphs
Implement a Plain 167
Use Style Guides as Arbiters
Resource Collection 189
Document Assessment Tool
Build Structure and Organize Content
Plan a Plain Design
Create a Working Draft
A Writing Glossary



http://tinyurl.com/px9gmts



..



BOOKS: Math In Plain English:
Literacy Strategies for the Mathematics Classroom

Math In Plain English:
Literacy Strategies for the Mathematics Classroom
Author Amy Benjamin
Publisher Routledge, 2013
ISBN 1317926757, 9781317926757
Length 144 pages

Table of Contents

Strategy 1 Teaching Mathematical Words Explicitly
Strategy 2 Teaching Academic Words Implicitly
Strategy 3 Reinforcing Reading Comprehension Skills that Apply to Mathematics
Strategy 4 Teaching Mathematics with Metaphor and Gesture
Strategy 5 Unlocking the Meaning of Word Problems
Strategy 6 Teaching Note Taking Skills for Mathematics
Strategy 7 Using Language Based Formative Assessment in Mathematics
Strategy 8 Connecting Memorization to Meaning in Mathematics
Strategy 9 Incorporating Writing to Learn Activities in Mathematics
Strategy 10 Preparing Students for Algebraic Thinking
Or Words Have Cousins?
Appendix 2 Making Connections in Vocabulary
Works Cited



http://tinyurl.com/pf44962



..



BOOKS: VINTAGE: Plain English, with remarks and advice
to some men who need not be nam'd. By D. Defoe

Plain English, with remarks and advice to some men
who need not be nam'd. By D. Defoe
Author Daniel Defoe
Publisher C. Carter, 1712
Original from The British Library
Digitized Dec 10, 2014
Length 16 pages



http://tinyurl.com/okend8r



..



DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS : GOOGLE SCHOLAR : Plain English....

Sample of Titles Found with This Search

PLAIN ENGLISH WRITING
Writing in plain English
Legal Writing in Plain English: A text with exercises
Introduction to legal English: an introduction to legal terminology,
reasoning, and writing in plain English
Writing Plain English: Why it Should be Done;
how It's Being Done, how You Can Do it
Effective writing: plain English at work
A Guide to Plain English Writing in the Workplace
Plain English Writing Project
Plain English in Law and Commerce in South Africa
Writing plain English: A guide for writers and designers
of official forms, leaflets, letters, labels and agreements
A review of plain English writing tips for US government documents
The Practice of Journalism: A Guide to Reporting and Writing the News
Plain Language Pleasing your associates and writing
in plain English can be tricky-trust your instincts
Plain English writing projects:
some issues, guidelines and implications
The Scrivener: Modern Legal Writing:
Plain English Part IV: Keep it Straight, Tabulate
RULES FOR WRITING PLAIN ENGLISH
The skill of writing in plain English
Plain Language Style Guide References



"PLAIN ENGLISH WRITING" OR "WRITING PLAIN ENGLISH" OR
"WRITING IN PLAIN ENGLISH" OR "PLAIN ENGLISH EXPOSITION" OR
"PLAIN ENGLISH IN MEDICINE" OR "PLAIN ENGLISH IN LAW" OR
"PLAIN ENGLISH IN GOVERNMENT" OR "PLAIN ENGLISH EDUCATION"

http://tinyurl.com/pku8alf







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

GOOGLE IMAGES : Plain English....



http://tinyurl.com/os2o32e







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

GOOGLE VIDEOS : Plain English....



http://tinyurl.com/o6un9mf







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

GOOGLE DOMAIN LIMITED WEB SEARCH (BLOGS) : Plain English....



http://tinyurl.com/pcw664c







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

GOOGLE DOMAIN LIMITED WEB SEARCH (GOV) : Plain English....



http://tinyurl.com/np6vhl6







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

GOOGLE DOMAIN LIMITED WEB SEARCH (ORG) : Plain English....



http://tinyurl.com/qayboh8







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

GOOGLE DOMAIN LIMITED WEB SEARCH (EDU) : Plain English....



http://tinyurl.com/ok7ag6e







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

GOOGLE DOMAIN LIMITED WEB SEARCH (PUBMED) : Plain English....



http://tinyurl.com/o4xjwms







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

GOOGLE DOMAIN LIMITED WEB SEARCH (JSTOR) : Plain English....



http://tinyurl.com/o48thmp







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

GOOGLE DOMAIN LIMITED WEB SEARCH (SCIENCEDIRECT) : Plain English....



http://tinyurl.com/oj5nthc







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

GOOGLE DOMAIN LIMITED WEB SEARCH (NEWS) : Plain English....



http://tinyurl.com/nz9ordf







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

GOOGLE NEWS SEARCH : Plain English....



http://tinyurl.com/pvfoklp







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

TEMPLE SUMMON SEARCH : Plain English....



2,088 results

Source Type

Book / eBook 989
Book Chapter 27
Book Review 64
Conference Proceeding 2
Dissertation 25
Government Document 16
Journal Article 296
Magazine Article 100
Newsletter 7
Newspaper Article 523
Publication 4
Reference 5
Report 2
Research Guide 1
Trade Publication Article 28
Transcript 22
Web Resource 3



http://tinyurl.com/pczd67g







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS: Plain English Research Guides



http://tinyurl.com/osexzrz

("PLAIN ENGLISH WRITING" OR "WRITING PLAIN ENGLISH"

OR "WRITING IN PLAIN ENGLISH" OR "PLAIN ENGLISH

EXPOSITION" OR "PLAIN ENGLISH IN MEDICINE" OR

"PLAIN ENGLISH IN LAW" OR "PLAIN ENGLISH IN GOVERNMENT"

OR "PLAIN ENGLISH EDUCATION" AND ("RESEARCH GUIDE"

OR SUBJECT GUIDE")

..

..

WEBBIB1516

http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy

..

..



Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

NET-GOLD
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/net-gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


Research Paper Writing
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
Employment
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
Internships
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
Hospitality
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
Disabilities And Employment
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
Indoor Gardening
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/indoorgardeningurban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/educator-gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/k12adminlife/

Public Health Resources Including Ebola
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

The Russell Conwell Learning Center Research Guide:
Information Literacy
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs On Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (Eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Railtram Discussion Group
from the union pacific to britrail and beyond
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/railtram/info

Indoor Gardening
improve your chances for indoor gardening success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/indoorgardeningurban/

Sport-Med
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

Health Diet Fitness Recreation Sports Tourism
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html







..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664

..


..








































Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html

[webdev] Web Design Update: August 5, 2015

David P. Dillard
 

..




Date: Wed, 5 Aug 2015 06:35:02 -0500
From: Laura Carlson <lcarlson@d.umn.edu>
To: webdev <webdev@....umn.edu>
Subject: [webdev] Web Design Update: August 5, 2015



+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE.


- Volume 14, Issue 06, August 5, 2015.



An email newsletter to distribute news and information about web
design and development.




++ISSUE 06 CONTENTS.




SECTION ONE: New references.


What's new at the Web Design Reference site?



http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/



New links in these categories:




01: ACCESSIBILITY.

02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.

03: COLOR.

04: EVALUATION & TESTING.

05: MISCELLANEOUS.

06: PHP.

07: USABILITY.



SECTION TWO:



08: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?




[Contents ends.]




++ SECTION ONE: New references.




+01: ACCESSIBILITY.




Wearable First Rethinking Accessible Design

By Ted Drake.

"Wearable devices go beyond the watch and eye glasses. This
presentation introduces the wide variety of devices and how they can
make the world more accessible. This article by Smithsonian explains
how the pocket watch was wearable-first design..."

http://wearability.org/wearable-first-design.html



Will Your Toaster Become WCAG Compliant?

By Scott Hollier.

"...While the applicability of WCAG 2.0 would need a high degree of
interpretation to apply to a light bulb, web accessibility standards
certainly apply to the browsers and apps that we use to centrally
control it all. As this space continues to evolve, it's vital that
developers ensure that whatever devices control these products,
accessibility is at the heart of them..."

http://www.accessiq.org/news/w3c-column/2015/07/will-your-toaster-become-wcag-compliant



Describing Images for Improved Web Accessibility

By Michelle Williamson.

"One of the most basic techniques of web accessibility is adding
alternative texts to images..."
http://www.mediacurrent.com/blog/describing-images-improved-web-accessibility

CommonLook PDF GlobalAccess

By Jared Smith.

"CommonLook PDF GlobalAccess can streamline the accessibility
evaluation and repair of PDF files. It provides benefits over using
Adobe Acrobat Professional or other tools to create, evaluate, and, if
necessary, repair tagged PDFs. This article highlights some strengths
and possible shortcomings of PDF GlobalAccess. For a tutorial on how
to use this program, see the user guide on the CommonLook site..."

http://webaim.org/resources/commonlook/



Making Accessibility a Priority

By David M Johnson.

"... my goal is to provide a non-technical guide to making
accessibility a part of your developer DNA, whatever your app or
website happens to be..."

http://www.imore.com/making-accessibility-part-your-developer-dna



Designing a Manifesto for Accessibility

By Jason Vermes.

"It might be easy to assume that design and accessibility are two very
different concepts. After all, a ramp and automatic door opener are
not particularly remarkable architectural features and for the average
Canadian, they often go unnoticed. For someone who uses a scooter or
power wheelchair, however, a motorized sliding door and small incline
give independence..."

http://jasonvermes.net/2015/07/28/designing-a-manifesto-for-accessibility/




+02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.




CSS Vendor Prefixes

By Daniel Glazman.

"...let me give you my own perspective (and history) about them. This
article is with my CSS Co-chairman's hat off, I'm only an old CSS WG
member in the following lines..."

http://www.glazman.org/weblog/dotclear/index.php?post/2015/07/30/CSS-Vendor-Prefixes




+03: COLOR.



Using Color Theory to Improve Website Accessibility

By Julia Blake.

"There are tons of articles and guides about color theory and its
importance for every web designer. Colors are really essential in
design and may even influence people's behavior in many cases. Thus,
web designers usually check their website colors are suitable for the
overall website style and that they create a good impression for
users..."

http://www.onextrapixel.com/2015/07/25/using-color-theory-to-improve-website-accessibility/




+04: EVALUATION & TESTING.




How Iterative Testing Decreased Support Calls By 70% on Mozilla's

Support Website

By Susan Farrell.
"User research with data mining and paper prototyping quickly led to
measurable success for one of the busiest support websites in the
world."

http://www.nngroup.com/articles/testing-decreased-support/



Bridging the Distance - 5 Tips for Remote, Moderated Usability Tests

By Hannah Alvarez.

"We hope that you find the list of tips below from our experience will
help you to take advantage of this fast and flexible user research
method..."

http://www.usertesting.com/blog/2015/07/30/remote-moderated-usability-tests/



Rocket Surgery Made Easy Usability Testing Demo

By Steve Krug.

"...The main purpose for creating this video is to demonstrate how
easy and simple usability testing can be. The test conducted on this
demo is an abbreviated version of the one Krug recommends you perform
on your own site..."

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QckIzHC99Xc




+05: MISCELLANEOUS.




Meiert's Law of User-Generated Code

By Jens Meiert.

"Whenever you allow your users to edit the code of your website,
you’re doomed. It’s only a matter of time until you need to rewrite
the whole service—and alienate all those users..."

http://meiert.com/en/blog/20150804/meierts-law-of-user-code/




+06: PHP.




The State of Accessibility in PHP Tools

By Parham Doustdar.

"Usually when I tell people that I'm blind, many people ask me how I
can use the computer..."

http://www.sitepoint.com/the-state-of-accessibility-in-php-tools/




+07: USABILITY.




The Paradox of Choice (TED Talk Video)

By Barry Schwartz.

"...Paralysis is a consequence of having too many choices...Even if we
manage to overcome the paralysis and make a choice we end up less
satisfied with the result of the choice than if we would be if we had
fewer options to choose from...Why choice makes people miserable? 1)
Regret and anticipated regret 2.) Opportunity costs 3.) Escalation of
expectations 4.) Self-blame..."



http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VO6XEQIsCoM




The Perception of Control

By Marli Mesibov.

"As we create positive experiences, we sometimes create the perception
of control, even when the user doesn't actually control the situation.
This week, author Marli Mesibov discusses the ethics involved in
designing for perception rather than reality."

http://www.uxbooth.com/articles/the-perception-of-control/





[Section one ends.]





++ SECTION TWO:





+07: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?




Accessibility Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/accessibility.html



Association Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/associations.html



Book Listings.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/books.html



Cascading Style Sheets Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/css.html



Color Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/color.html



Drupal Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/drupal.html



Evaluation & Testing Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/testing.html



Event Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/events.html



HTML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/html.html



Information Architecture Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/architecture.html



JavaScript Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/javascript.html



Miscellaneous Web Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/misc.html



Navigation Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/navigation.html



PHP Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/php.html



Sites & Blogs Listing.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/sites.html



Standards, Guidelines & Pattern Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/standards.html



Tool Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/tools.html



Typography Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/type.html



Usability Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/usability.html



XML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/xml.html



[Section two ends.]




++END NOTES.




+ SUBSCRIPTION INFO.




WEB DESIGN UPDATE is available by subscription. For information on how
to subscribe and unsubscribe please visit:


http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/webdev_listserv.html



The Web Design Reference Site also has a RSS 2.0 feed for site updates.




+ TEXT EMAIL NEWSLETTER (TEN).




As a navigation aid for screen readers we do our best to conform to
the accessible Text Email Newsletter (TEN) guidelines. Please let me
know if there is anything else we can do to make navigation easier.
For TEN guideline information please visit:



http://www.headstar.com/ten




+ SIGN OFF.




Until next time,




Laura L. Carlson

Information Technology Systems and Services

University of Minnesota Duluth

Duluth, MN U.S.A. 55812-3009

mailto:lcarlson@d.umn.edu





[Issue ends.]




..


..

MEDICAL: DISEASES: LEGIONNAIRES DISEASE : HOSPITALS : UNITED STATES: CITIES: NEW YORK, NEW YORK: Bronx Mans Death From Legionnaires Disease Gives Family Cause to Worry

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


MEDICAL: DISEASES: LEGIONNAIRES DISEASE :

HOSPITALS :

UNITED STATES: CITIES: NEW YORK, NEW YORK:

Bronx Mans Death From Legionnaires Disease Gives Family Cause to Worry

..

..


Bronx Mans Death From Legionnaires Disease Gives Family Cause to Worry

By WINNIE HU and NOAH REMNICK

August 5, 2015

New York Times

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/06/nyregion/bronx-mans-death-
from-legionnaires-disease-gives-family-cause-to-worry.html

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/qgylaqd

..

..


As Mayor Bill de Blasio and city leaders announced a plan this week to combat the disease by tightening regulation of cooling towers, the pace and breadth of the outbreak was still sinking in for many New Yorkers, especially in the Bronx. The disease is believed to be contracted by inhaling contaminated mists from water sources harboring the bacteria, such as air-conditioning systems, indoor plumbing, fountains and whirlpools.

..

City health officials have said they are confident they have identified and addressed the source of the outbreak, but they have not determined which of the cooling towers might be responsible.

..

On Wednesday, the owner and operator of the Brook, an apartment building near the Opera House Hotel, said that three of the buildings residents had contracted the disease. The building, on East 148th Street, houses low-income and formerly homeless people.

..

City health officials have declined to release the names of the eight people who have died, and would not confirm that Mr. Quiles was among them.

..

snip

..

Ms. Ramirez said that Mr. Quiles complained of feeling faint on Monday, July 20, and was taken by ambulance first to Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center, which was crowded, and then to St. Barnabas Hospital. She said he stayed there overnight, and returned home Tuesday. On Wednesday, he got to her mothers house by bus, but had to be driven home because he was not feeling well.

..

On Thursday, he did not come at all. That was how we found out something was wrong, Ms. Ramirez said.

..

Ms. Ramirez, her mother and her brother went to Mr. Quiless apartment building. They had to ask someone to let them in because Mr. Quiles was too weak to walk to the door to open it. He was taken to Montefiore Medical Center.

..

After he had been at Montefiore for more than a week, Ms. Ramirez said that her family was told he had Legionnaires disease and that he would not recover.

..

He died the next day, Aug. 2.

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..



Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html






..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

TIME MACHINES: Vintage Computer Links

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


Here are some time machine links for those who love vintage computer lore.

(They are having a discussion of early computers on a discussion group I frequent regarding printing presses, so I thought I would hit them with some heavy ammunition on the topic. I think folks who encounter this post may enjoy what these links take the reader too. Tinyurl links may not work on Internet Explorer so use another browser for best results.)


http://tinyurl.com/oa5l9mm


http://tinyurl.com/nso28hb


http://tinyurl.com/owmemuy


http://tinyurl.com/pvgdpzh


http://tinyurl.com/p7v759t


http://tinyurl.com/o27bddb


http://tinyurl.com/q4npdca


When two computer tech people become romantically involved, they are likely to eagerly await the weekend when they can go out on a data together.

Speaking of which, statistics can be defined as a number of things.


..


..


Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships


..


..

HEALTH : WELLNESS : TOURISM AND TRAVEL: PUBLICATIONS : BOOKS : DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS: Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit, Place

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


HEALTH :

WELLNESS :

TOURISM AND TRAVEL: PUBLICATIONS :

BOOKS :

DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS:

Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit, Place

..

..


Cognizant Communication
http://www.cognizantcommunication.com/


Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit, Place
Edited by Robyn Bushell and Pauline J. Sheldon
INNOVATION AND TOURISM BOOK SERIES
ISBN: 1-882345-51-7 $75.00 (Softbound)
Pre-publication Price $60.00 (expires May 15, 2009)
Cognizant Communication

Contents
Foreword
Marta Jacob and Jafar Jafari

Acknowledgments

Contributors

SECTION 1: Conceptual Links Between Wellbeing and Tourism

Chapter 1. Introduction to Wellness and Tourism
Pauline J. Sheldon and Robyn Bushell

Chapter 2. Quality of Life, Tourism, and Wellness
Robyn Bushell

Chapter 3. Vacation as Preventive Medicine
Sevil Snmez and Yorghos Apostolopoulos

Chapter 4. Wellness Tourism and Health Promotion: Healthy Tourists and
Environments
Brent Powis and Zena O?Leary

Chapter 5: Holistic Tourism: Integrating Body, Mind, Spirit
Catherine Kelly and Melanie Smith

Case Study 1.Yoga Tourism
Jane Ali-Knight

SECTION 2: The Constructs of Wellness Tourism

Chapter 6. Development of a Sustainable Wellness Tourism Destination
Pauline J. Sheldon and Sun-Young Park

Chapter 7. Constructing Feelings of Wellness in Tourist Performance
David Crouch

Chapter 8. Promoting Wellbeing via Multisensory Tourism
Graham M. S. Dann and Kristin Berg Nordstrand

Chapter 9. Canadian Health and Wellness Tourism: Synergies and Challenges
Peter W. Williams

Case Study 2. Harnessing Spa and Wellness Opportunities: An Australian
Experience
Chris White

SECTION 3: Motivations and Experiences

Chapter 10. Outdoor Adventure Tourism, Wellness, and Place Attachment
Cory Kulczycki and Michael Lck

Chapter 11. Wellness Through Spiritual Tourism Encounters
Yoel Mansfeld and Alison McIntosh

Chapter 12. Transformative Travel: Inspiring Sustainability
Garth Leslie Lean

Chapter 13. Medical Tourism: An Asian Perspective
Joan C. Henderson

Chapter 14. Wellness Tourism and the Future
Robyn Bushell and Pauline J. Sheldon

Case Study 3. Wellness as Tourist Motivation: Case of Taiwan
Joseph S. Chen and Nina Prebensen

Appendix. Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard

References

Index


http://www.cognizantcommunication.com/

Search of Google Scholar for This Title

http://tinyurl.com/o6dbtge

..

Search of Google Books for This Title

http://tinyurl.com/qdu46w2

..

Search of Temple Summon Search for This Title

http://tinyurl.com/netgb3h

..

..


===================================


Net-Gold content about tourism and wellnes


<http://www.google.com/search?q=wellness+and+tourism+and+
%22net-gold%22+and+%22temple.edu%22&hl=en&filter=0>


A shorter URL for the above link:


<http://tinyurl.com/ppu8ea>

..

..

WEBBIB1516

http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy

..

..




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html



..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

SPORTS MEDICINE : MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: OBESITY : PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS : MOBILE APPS: Free Fitness Iphone Apps Fail to Meet American College of Sports Medicine Exercise Guidelines

David P. Dillard
 

..

..



SPORTS MEDICINE :

MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: OBESITY :

PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS :

MOBILE APPS:

Free Fitness Iphone Apps Fail to Meet
American College of Sports Medicine Exercise Guidelines

..

..


Free Fitness Iphone Apps Fail to Meet
American College of Sports Medicine Exercise Guidelines

Published: July 29 2015

University of Florida News

http://news.ufl.edu/archive/2015/07/free-fitness-iphone-apps-fail-
to-meet-american-college-of-sports-medicine-exercise-guidelines.html

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/p3atnj4

..

..



UF Health researchers recently found that only one of 30 popular free fitness apps for iPhones meets the majority of guidelines for physical activity from the American College of Sports Medicine, the worlds largest sports medicine and exercise science organization. The findings were published this month in the Journal of Medical Internet Research.

..

When compared to the guidelines for aerobic exercise, strength or resistance, and flexibility, the top-scoring app was the Sworkit Lite Personal Workout Trainer App with 9.01 out of a possible 14 points. Each app was scored across those three categories, examining to what extent they adhered to the specific American College of Sports Medicine guidelines, including parameters for safety, warm-ups, cool-downs, stretching, intensity, frequency and progression.

..

While more than half the apps included some of the recommendations for aerobic exercise and 90 percent met at least one criterion for strength and resistance, two-thirds of the apps did not meet any of the flexibility criteria.

..

While apps have great potential to give more people access to workouts that could help them achieve a healthy weight and fitness level, we found that the vast majority of apps are not as safe as they could be and do not give users the type of well-rounded workouts known to be most effective, said Franis Modave, Ph.D., associate professor in the UF department of health outcomes and policy and lead author of the study.

..

Ultimately, only Sworkit Lite Personal Workout Trainer met more than half of the criteria. Three apps met more than half the criteria in the aerobic category: Sworkit Lite Personal Workout Trainer, C25K 5K Trainer Free and Running for Weight Loss. Four apps earned half the possible points in the strength or resistance category: Sworkit Lite Personal Workout Trainer, Ultimate Fitness Free, JEFIT Workout and StrongLifts 5X5. Ultimate Fitness Free was no longer available on the App Store at the time of this release. No app scored above 50 percent in the flexibility category.

..

Several of the apps contained high-quality content in one of the three categories, but almost none of them had high-quality content in all of them, especially flexibility said Heather Vincent, Ph.D., FACSM, assistant professor in the department of orthopaedics and rehabilitation in the UF College of Medicine. This is a problem because flexibility is important for good exercise form, relaxation and cool-down.

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..


These links should provide additional sources of assessment of apps for physical exercise and fitness. WARNING: These links may not work properly in either Internet Explorer or in Opera.


Google Scholar

http://tinyurl.com/qfgop43


Google Books

http://tinyurl.com/ojawqp9


Google Web Search

http://tinyurl.com/pvvunen


Google News

http://tinyurl.com/o492mc8


Google Domain Limited Search (GOV)

http://tinyurl.com/pxos4jd


Google Domain Limited Search (PUBMED)

http://tinyurl.com/nkz2chl


Google Domain Limited Search (SCIENCEDIRECT)

http://tinyurl.com/pdqm6nu


TRIP

http://tinyurl.com/pav24jm


PUBMED

http://tinyurl.com/oe3h8ye


PogoFrog

http://tinyurl.com/py5x5dw


..


..


WEBBIB1516

http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy


..

..



Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
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PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
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Articles by David Dillard
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Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html













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Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
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Temple University Listserv Alert :
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PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS : MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: OBESITY : CHILDREN : RESEARCH : STUDY RESULTS: Our Views: Pennington Study Shows Childhood Obesity an Epidemic in Rich, Poor Countries Alike

David P. Dillard
 

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PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS :

MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: OBESITY :

CHILDREN :

RESEARCH :

STUDY RESULTS:

Our Views: Pennington Study Shows Childhood Obesity
an Epidemic in Rich, Poor Countries Alike

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Our Views: Pennington Study Shows Childhood Obesity
an Epidemic in Rich, Poor Countries Alike

The Acadiana Advocate

http://theadvocate.com/news/acadiana/ 13103044-123/our-views-an-epidemic-of

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A shorter URL for the above link:

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http://tinyurl.com/p8fgtwk

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The insight gleaned from the study is that, while diet and exercise play major roles in health, physical activity makes an even bigger impact on childrens weight than we previously thought, said Peter Katzmarzyk, an author of the study in the international journal Obesity. This study shows that obesity cannot be explained away by culture, class or status, and these research results reinforce the need for kids to engage in play time and other forms of physical activity each day.

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The challenge of television and the gaming screen for American kids is one thing, but the giant study international in scope and involving children in poorer and wealthier countries showed that lack of exercise is a concern that crosses many lines of class, race or family situation. This research assessed associations between lifestyle behaviors and childhood obesity in a multinational setting, surveying both high- and low-income children.

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Researchers collected data from more than 6,000 children between ages 9 and 11 from 12 countries, varying from Brazil to Kenya to the United Kingdom and United States. Previously, most of the data on obesity came from the wealthier countries.

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What the text shows is, far beyond the obvious connection between lack of activity and weight, is that the temptations toward physical laziness in youth are universal enough to give pause to those in public health who want to pin the problem on one behavior peculiar to, or one particular condition in, a rich or a poor society. Or, for that matter one particular solution like turning off the television.

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The results reinforce the importance of promoting healthy lifestyles among children as an obesity prevention strategy across different cultures and environments.

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The complete article may be read at the URL above.

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More resources regarding childhood obesity from the Pennington Biomedical Research Center


https://www.google.com/webhp?hl=en&gws_rd=ssl#hl=en&q=%22Pennington+
Biomedical+Research+Center%22+AND+obesity+AND+children


http://tinyurl.com/npfzanv


http://tinyurl.com/ndnd3hl


http://tinyurl.com/oyyuum5


http://tinyurl.com/ototork


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WEBBIB1516

http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy

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Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

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AND
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Educator-Gold
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K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html






..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..