SPORTS MEDICINE : PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS : MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: OBESITY : ORGANIZATIONS: NAMED ORGANIZATIONS: AMERICAN COLLEGE OF SPORTS MEDICINE: Obesity and Exercise
David P. Dillard
SPORTS MEDICINE :
PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS :
MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: OBESITY :
ORGANIZATIONS: NAMED ORGANIZATIONS: AMERICAN COLLEGE OF SPORTS MEDICINE:
Obesity and Exercise
Obesity and Exercise
January 19, 2012
Written by Stacy Schmidt, M.S.
Public Information Articles
American College of Sports Medicine
A shorter URL for the above link:
Obesity is a significant health problem in the United States, affecting close to one-third of all adults. Although genetics can play a role in the likelihood that a person will become obese, the condition occurs when the amount of calories consumed exceeds the amount of calories expended over a long period of time. Excess calories are stored as fat in the body, and with long-term caloric excess, an individual eventually becomes obese. Exercising regularly and eating a healthy diet are ways in which to combat obesity.
Benefits of Regular Exercise
Regular exercise (and proper nutrition) can help reduce body fat as well as protect against chronic diseases associated with obesity. If you are looking for a reason to start an exercise program, listed below are five of the many benefits of regular physical activity.
Exercise lowers risk for chronic diseases Concerned about heart disease? Regular exercise is a proven way to decrease risk for these and other chronic diseases. It will help to prevent or manage high blood pressure. It also raises high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, known as the good cholesterol, and lowers low density lipoprotein (LDL) or bad cholesterol. This combination will decrease the amount of harmful plaques that can buildup on your artery walls and keep blood flowing smoothly. Regular exercise can also help prevent type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, and certain cancers.
It is important to gradually increase the duration and intensity of the exercises, while understanding that you will have to build up to longer and more strenuous workouts.
Jogging can cause stress on the knees and joints and is generally not recommended for the obese because of risk for injury. Instead, stick to lower impact aerobic activities until you are in better shape.
Obese people should be especially careful about heat exhaustion given that they are less able to adapt to temperature changes. Wearing light clothing will allow for better heat exchange while exercising.
Hydration is very important for the obese, since they are susceptible to dehydration. Be sure to drink fluids frequently before, during, and after exercise.
Slow down or stop if you experience chest pains, shortness of breath, palpitations, nausea, pain in the neck or jaw, or major muscle or joint pain.
Integrate physical activity into daily activity:
Take the stairs.
Park farther from the door.
Take a short walk at lunch.
Turn off the TV.
Take walk breaks from work.
Wear a pedometer for monitoring your activity.
People dont just have time to exercisethey MAKE time to exercise. Be in control of your life. Make exercise a part of your day, everyday!
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