SPORTS MEDICINE : PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS : WOMEN : MEDICAL: PREGNANCY : PAIN: Exercise Before Pregnancy Reduces Risk of Pelvic Girdle Pain

David P. Dillard
 

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SPORTS MEDICINE :

PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS :

WOMEN :

MEDICAL: PREGNANCY :

PAIN:

Exercise Before Pregnancy Reduces Risk of Pelvic Girdle Pain

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Exercise Before Pregnancy Reduces Risk of Pelvic Girdle Pain

Published: Thursday 8 October 2015 at 12am PST

Medical News Today (MNT)

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/300618.php

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Pelvic girdle pain is common in pregnant women and is associated with disability, depression, reduced quality of life and higher prevalence of sick leave - both during and after pregnancy. New research suggests that pre-pregnancy exercise can help reduce the pain.

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The study, published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine, finds that high-impact sports such as jogging, ball games and aerobics up to five times a week may be most helpful.

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The exact causes of pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain are unclear. Women with a high body mass index (BMI) are known to be affected more, but the effect of other modifiable factors, such as exercise, have not been well studied.

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Regular exercise has been proven to increase cardiovascular fitness, muscular strength and flexibility, and to prevent obesity. Aerobic exercise leads to endorphin production, which may reduce sensitivity to pain and produce feelings of relaxation. Pre-pregnancy exercise has been shown to reduce lower back pain, but exercise during pregnancy also reduces the risk of complications.

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Up to 1 year after giving birth, 2-3% continue to suffer

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Pelvic girdle pain includes pain in the rear of the pelvis and at the joint where the pubic bones meet at the front (the symphysis pubis). It is relatively common during pregnancy, and 2-3% of women may continue to experience it up to a year after the birth.

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Researchers hypothesized that exercise could be a modifiable factor for pelvic girdle pain in pregnancy.

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Since women with pelvic girdle pain would be less likely to exercise while pregnant, the study focused on the frequency of exercise before pregnancy.

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Participants in the study were 39,000 women who were expecting their first child between 2000 and 2009. They formed part of the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, which has been tracking the health and well-being of a cross section of Norwegian women, recruited between 1999 and 2008, and their children. Average age was 38, but it ranged from 14-46.

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The complete article may be read at the URL above.

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Exercise level before pregnancy and engaging in high-impact sports reduce the risk of pelvic girdle pain: a population-based cohort study of 39 184 women

Katrine Mari Owe, Elisabeth K Bjelland, Britt Stuge, Nicola Orsini, Malin Eberhard-Gran, Siri Vangen

Br J Sports Med bjsports-2015-094921Published Online First: 4 October 2015 doi:10.1136/bjsports-2015-094921

http://tinyurl.com/pw7bh67

http://tinyurl.com/qcosgeh


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