David P. Dillard










Search Results for Statistical Data and the Uses of Data


Department of Agriculture

Economic Research Service


United States Department of Agriculture

Economic Research Service


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Department of Agriculture.


Economic Research Service



Data cover genetically engineered (GE) varieties of corn, cotton, and soybeans
for 2000-13, for the U.S. and States. Data include the extent of adoption of
herbicide-tolerant (HT), insect-resistant (Bt), and both traits ("stacked")
genetically engineered (GE) crops.
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A collection of over 75 charts and maps presenting key statistics on the farm sector,
food spending and prices, food security, rural communities, the interaction of agriculture
and natural resources, and more.
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The agricultural baseline database provides longrun, 10-year projections from USDA's
annual long-term projections report. The database covers projections for major field crops
(corn, sorghum, barley, oats, wheat, rice, soybeans, and upland cotton), and livestock
(beef, pork, poultry and eggs, an...
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Contains annual and monthly data for exchange rates important to U.S. agriculture.
It includes both nominal and real exchange rates for 80 countries (plus the European Union)
as well as real trade-weighted exchange rate indexes for many commodities and aggregations.
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Some of the statistical indicator tables formerly provided in Agricultural Outlook magazine
will continue to be updated regularly. For those tables where the same data are maintained
online elsewhere on the ERS website or by the primary data providers, we provide links to
those online sources.
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This data set provides estimates of productivity growth in the U.S. farm sector for the 1948-2011
period, and estimates of the growth and relative levels of productivity across the States for the
period 1960-2004. Note: Updates of the State-level statistics are suspended. 
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Data for public and private funding of food and agricultural research and development cover the
years 1970-2009 (public) and 1970-2007 (private). Data are available as nominal figures and adjusted
for inflation.
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Agricultural trade multipliers provide estimates of employment and/or output effects of trade in farm
and food products on the U.S. economy. These effects, when expressed as multipliers, reflect the
amount of economic activity and/or jobs generated by agricultural exports.
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Statistics on domestically grown catfish and trout and U.S. imports and exports of fish and shellfish
that may be products of aquaculture, such as salmon, shrimp, and oysters.
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USDA's Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) a primary source of information on the
financial condition, production practices, resource use, and the economic well-being of farm households.
Data are collected in a representative sample for the nation as a whole and 15 selected States.
View the diversity of challenges and opportunities across America's counties within different types of
rural regions and communities. Get statistics on people, jobs, agriculture, and county indicators.

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This collection highlights the best from the 2013 Charts of Note offering.
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A collection of charts from the ERS website.
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Charts of Note from ERS is distributed Monday-Friday by the Economic Research Service to highlight
charts of interest from our current and past research.
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The China agricultural and economic database is a collection of agricultural-related data from official statistical
publications of the People's Republic of China. Analysts and policy professionals around the world need information
about the rapidly changing Chinese economy, but statistics are o...
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The Commodity and Food Elasticities Database is a collection of elasticities from research on consumer demand
published in working papers, dissertations, and peer-reviewed journals and as presented at professional conferences
in the United States. Most of the literature is from U.S. academic and gov...
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ERS examines consumer food preferences by age, income, region, race, whether people eat at home or away,
and other characteristics.
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USDA has estimated annual production costs and returns and published accounts for major field crop and livestock
enterprises since 1975. Cost and return estimates are reported for the United States and major production regions
for corn, soybeans, wheat, cotton, grain sorghum, rice, peanuts, oats, ba...
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County boundaries do not always accurately define local economies. Commuting zones and Labor Market Areas
combine counties into units intended to more closely reflect the geographic interrelationships between employers
and labor supply.
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The Cotton and Wool Chart Gallery includes updated charts that supplement the Cotton and Wool Outlook report.
Data Product
This data product contains data on U.S. cotton and wool supply, demand, and prices, as well as U.S. cotton and
textile trade data, maintained by the Economic Research Service to support related commodity market analysis
and research.
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Classifies U.S. counties by an exclusive economic type (farming, mining, manufacturing, services, government,
unspecialized) and nonexclusive policy type (housing stress, low education, low employment, persistent
poverty/child poverty, population loss, nonmetro recreation, retirement destination).
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County-level poverty rates, unemployment rates and median household income, education levels, and
unemployment rates. The 2012 poverty and median household income data were added March 12, 2014.
Note: Most of the data is available through ERS’s Atlas of Rural and Small-Town America.
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County-level data from oil and/or natural gas producing States—for onshore production in the lower
48 States only—are compiled annually for 2000 through 2011.
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The ERS creative class codes indicate a county's share of population employed in occupations that require
"thinking creatively." A break-out of employment in the arts is included.
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These data are from several USDA agencies (see scope in Documentation). They were previously were
included in the Meat Statistics page in the Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry (LDP) Outlook tables and may
contain revisions not included in previous releases of the LDP tables.
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The Eating & Health (EH) Module of the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) collects data to analyze
relationships among time use patterns and eating patterns, nutrition, and obesity; food and nutrition
assistance programs; and grocery shopping and meal preparation.
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This data product presents the latest household income forecast and estimates for U.S. family farms.
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Estimates of farm sector income with component accounts: for the United States, 1910-2014F;
and for States, 1949-2012.
This Atlas provides access to an array of public data on Federal farm programs that will allow users
to visually explore a core component of U.S. agricultural policy.

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ERS' Federal Funds series is discontinued. The underlying data are no longer available. ERS screened
data from the Census Bureau's Consolidated Federal Funds Reports for each Federal program for accuracy
at the county level and then presents the data by function and type of program for each...
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Market analysis of domestic and international feed grain markets.
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The Feed Grains Database contains statistics on four feed grains (corn, grain sorghum, barley, and oats),
foreign coarse grains (feed grains plus rye, millet, and mixed grains), hay, and related items.
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Note: Updates to this data product are suspended. The underlying information is available from the
U.S. Department of Commerce, Foreign Trade Division.

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This product brings together 1960-2012 data on fertilizer consumption in the United States by plant nutrient
and major selected product, as well as consumption of mixed fertilizers, secondary nutrients, and micronutrients.

The Food Access Research Atlas is a mapping tool that allows users to investigate multiple indicators of
 food store access.

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ERS supports a broad spectrum of food and nutrition assistance research and has compiled an electronic
database of over 975 peer-reviewed reports and articles based on ERS-supported research. The database is
searchable by title, lead author, topic, year of publication, and data set analyzed.
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The ERS Food Availability (per capita) Data System includes three distinct but related data series on food and
nutrient availability for consumption. The data serve as popular proxies for actual consumption.
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Food consumption in terms of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans’ food groups is reported for all sources and
the total U.S. population, as well as by food source, children age 2-19, and adults age 20 and older.
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The food dollar series measures annual expenditures by U.S. consumers on domestically produced food.
The series is composed of three primary series: the marketing bill series, the industry group series, and the
primary group series, showing three different ways to split up the same food dollar.
The Food Environment Atlas is a web-based mapping tool developed by ERS that allows users to compare
U.S. counties in terms of their “food environment”--indicators (most at the county level) that help determine
and reflect a community’s access to affordable, healthy food.
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The ERS Food Expenditure Series annually measures total U.S. food expenditures, including purchases
by consumers, governments, businesses, and nonprofit organizations.
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The Consumer Price Index (CPI) for food is probably the most widely used indicator of changes in retail food prices.
ERS regularly updates food price forecasts for the short-term period.
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This product provides information about publicly available data from national surveys that include the
U.S. Food Security Survey Module. Technical information is provided to facilitate appropriate use of the
data, and links are provided to access data on line or to order the data files on CD-ROM.
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USDA's National Household Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS) will provide unique and
detailed data about household food choices that are not available from any other survey. FoodAPS is a
nationally representative survey of household food purchases and acquisitions.
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The Foreign Agricultural Trade of the United States (FATUS) data page provides U.S. agricultural exports
and imports, volume and value, by country and by commodity. Updated monthly or annually.
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Frontier and Remote Area (FAR) codes provide a statistically-based, nationally-consistent, and adjustable
definition of territory in the U.S. characterized by low population density and high geographic remoteness.
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This data product provides users with comprehensive statistics on fresh and processed fruit and tree nuts
in the United States, as well as global production and trade data for these sectors.

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How much do fruits and vegetables cost? ERS estimated average prices for 153 commonly consumed fresh
and processed fruits and vegetables.
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This data product provides agricultural output, input and total factor productivity (TFP) growth rates, but not levels,
across the countries and regions of the world in a consistent, comparable way, for 1961-2010.
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International baseline projections indicate supply, demand, and trade for major agricultural commodities for
selected countries. These projections provide foreign country detail supporting the annual USDA agricultural
baseline, which are longrun, 10-year projections.
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Total and marginal budget shares and income and price elasticities are estimated, using 2005 ICP data,
for nine broad consumption groups and eight food subgroups across 144 countries.
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This dataset is the basis for the International Food Security Assessment, 2013-2023 released in June 2013,
providing annual country-level data for 76 countries on production, consumption, and trade of grains and root
and tuber crops, food aid, and macroeconomic variables.
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The International Macroeconomic Data Set provides data from 1969 through 2020 for real (adjusted for inflation)
gross domestic product (GDP), population, real exchange rates, and other variables for the 190 countries and
34 regions that are most important for U.S. agricultural trade.
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The Livestock & Meat Domestic Data contains current and historical data on pork, beef, veal, and poultry,
including production, supply, utilization, and farm prices.
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The Livestock and Meat International Trade Data Set contains monthly and annual data for imports and exports
of live cattle, hogs, sheep, and goats, as well as beef and veal, pork, lamb and mutton, chicken meat, turkey
meat, and eggs.
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The Major Land Uses (MLU) series is the longest running, most comprehensive accounting of all major uses
of public and private land in the United States. The MLU series contains acreage estimates of major uses by
region and States, beginning in 1945 and published about every 5 years since.
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This data set provides monthly average price values, and the differences among those values, at the farm,
wholesale, and retail stages of the production and marketing chain for selected cuts of beef, pork, and broilers.
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Monthly national milk cost of production estimates for 2005-present, and annual milk cost of production
estimates by State and by size of operation for 2005 to 2012.
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The natural amenities scale county-based measure of the physical characteristics of an area that enhance the
location as a place to live. The scale was constructed by combining six measures of climate, topography, and
water area that reflect environmental qualities most people prefer.
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ERS annually calculates "normalized prices," which smooth out the effects of shortrun seasonal or cyclical
variation, for key agricultural inputs and outputs. They are used to evaluate the benefits of projects affecting
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These charts illustrate current market trends for oilseeds and oilseed products.
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Oilseed, oilmeal, and fats and oils supply and use statistics. Includes oilseed acreage, yield, and production
estimates and farm and wholesale price series.
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Updates to this product are suspended. Get select results from the 2004 and 2007 Nationwide Surveys of
Organic Manufacturers, Processors, and Distributors. Data are available on 9 commodity groups, such as
fruit and nuts, and 45 commodities, such as berries and citrus.
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Wholesale prices for select organic and conventional fruits and vegetables, first receiver prices for organic
poultry and eggs, and f.o.b. and spot market prices for organic grain and feedstuffs. Estimated U.S. sales
volume of organic and total fluid milk, based on Federal milk marketing order stati...
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ERS collects data from USDA-accredited State and private certification groups to calculate the extent of
certified organic farmland acreage and livestock in the United States.
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This data product identifies which countries, under APHIS phytosanitary rules, are eligible to export to the
United States the fresh fruits and vegetables that are most important in the American diet.
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The PIZA codes index small geographic areas (the contiguous 48 States divided up into five-kilometer grid cells)
according to the size and proximity of population concentrations.
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ERS compares the prices paid by consumers for food with the prices received by farmers for their
corresponding commodities. This product provides data for at-home foods by commodity group.
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The Quarterly Food-at-Home Price Database (QFAHPD) provides food price data to support research on the
economic determinants of food consumption, diet quality, and health outcomes. The QFAHPD database was
constructed from household food-at-home purchases reported in the Nielsen Homescan panel data.
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These charts provide a snapshot of the domestic and global market for rice, the primary staple for more
than half the world's population.
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U.S. rice production, supply, disappearance, trade, and price data. Includes state acreage, yield, and production data;
U.S. and world price series; and program statistics. Contains world supply and use estimates as well.
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Dozens of definitions are currently used by Federal and State agencies, researchers, and policymakers.
The ERS Rural Definitions data product allows users to make comparisons among nine representative rural definitions.
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The rural-urban commuting area codes (RUCA) classify U.S. census tracts using measures of urbanization,
population density, and daily commuting. The latest RUCA codes are based on data from the 2010 decennial
census and the 2006-10 American Community Survey.
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The 2013 Rural-Urban Continuum Codes form a classification scheme that distinguishes metropolitan counties
by the population size of their metro area, and nonmetropolitan counties by degree of urbanization and adjacency
to metro areas. The official Office of Management and Budget (OMB) metro and non...
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This data product provides three Excel file spreadsheet models that use futures prices to forecast the
U.S. season-average price received and the implied CCP for three major field crops
(corn, soybeans, and wheat).
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SNAP Policy Database provides a central data source for information on State-level program policies in the
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), such as eligibility criteria, recertification and reporting
requirements, benefit issuance methods, and availability of online applications.
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While a State’s actual agricultural export value cannot be measured directly, USDA’s Economic Research
Service (ERS) has developed a methodology that provides indirect estimates of exports using State export

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The ERS State Fact Sheets provide information on population, income, poverty, food security, education, employment,
federal funds, organic agriculture, farm characteristics, farm financial indicators, top commodities, and exports.
Links to county-level data are included when available.
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ERS analysts track U.S. and international sugar and sweetener production, consumption, and trade.
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Data System provides time-series data on State
and county-level estimates of SNAP participation and benefit levels, combined with area estimates of total
population and the number of persons in poverty.
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The U.S. Bioenergy Statistics are a source of information on biofuels intended to present a picture of the
renewable energy industry and its relationship to agriculture.

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This data set provides import values of edible products (food and beverages) entering U.S. ports and their
origin of shipment. Data are from the U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

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The 2013 Urban Influence Codes form a classification scheme that distinguishes metropolitan counties
by population size of their metro area, and nonmetropolitan counties by size of the largest city or town
and proximity to metro and micropolitan areas.

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This data product provides users with comprehensive statistics on fresh and processed vegetables and
pulses in the United States, as well as global production and trade data for these sectors.

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This data product summarizes the farm-structural characteristics for irrigated farms in the
17 Western States based on USDA's 2008 and 1998 Farm and Ranch Irrigation Surveys.
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Charts comparing current prices with previous years and current supply and use variables
with the previous marketing year.
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This data product contains statistics on wheat - including the five classes of wheat: hard red winter,
hard red spring, soft red winter, white, and durum - and rye.


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Google Books


Content Sample



Genetically Modified Crops: Their Development, Uses, and Risks

Authors      George H. Liang, Daniel Z. Skinner

Editors       George H.. Liang, Daniel Z. Skinner

Edition       illustrated

Publisher   Food Products Press, 2004

ISBN 1560222808, 9781560222804

Length       394 pages




Alternative Agriculture


Committee on the Role of Alternative Farming Methods

in Modern Production Agriculture, Board on Agriculture,

National Research Council

Publisher   National Academies Press, 1989

ISBN 0309567459, 9780309567459

Length       447 pages




Persistence Pays:

U.S. Agricultural Productivity Growth and the Benefits

from Public R&D Spending

Volume 34 of Natural Resource Management and Policy

SpringerLink : Bücher

Authors      Julian M. Alston, Matthew A. Andersen,

Jennifer S. James, Philip G. Pardey

Edition       illustrated

Publisher   Springer Science & Business Media, 2009

ISBN 1441906584, 9781441906588

Length       536 pages




Frontiers in Agricultural Research:

Food, Health, Environment, and Communities


Committee on Opportunities in Agriculture,

National Research Council,

Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources

Publisher   National Academies Press, 2002

ISBN 0309168651, 9780309168656

Length       268 pages




Food, Farms, and Community: Exploring Food Systems

Authors      Lisa Chase, Vern Grubinger

Edition       illustrated

Publisher   University of New Hampshire Press, 2014

ISBN 1611684218, 9781611684216

Length       304 pages




Introduction to Agronomy: Food, Crops, and Environment

Authors      Craig Sheaffer, Kristine Moncada

Edition       2

Publisher   Cengage Learning, 2011

ISBN 1111312338, 9781111312336

Length       608 pages




Environmental Statistics: Analysing Data for Environmental Policy

Volume 454 of Novartis Foundation Symposia

Authors      Novartis Foundation, Vic Barnett

Publisher   John Wiley & Sons, 2008

ISBN 0470515627, 9780470515624

Length       292 pages




Data and Research to Improve the U.S. Food Availability System

and Estimates of Food Loss: A Workshop Summary


Committee on National Statistics,

Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,

National Research Council

Editor         Nancy J. Kirkendall

Publisher   National Academies Press, 2015

ISBN 0309314208, 9780309314206

Length       176 pages




Improving Data to Analyze Food and Nutrition Policies


Panel on Enhancing the Data Infrastructure

in Support of Food and Nutrition Programs, Research, and Decision Making,

Committee on National Statistics,

Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,

National Research Council

Publisher   National Academies Press, 2005

ISBN 0309181445, 9780309181440

Length       146 pages




Raising Baby Green:

The Earth-Friendly Guide to Pregnancy, Childbirth, and Baby Care

Author       Alan Greene

Contributors       Jeanette Pavini, Theresa Foy DiGeronimo

Publisher   John Wiley & Sons, 2010

ISBN 1118047567, 9781118047569

Length       320 pages




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Content Sample


 Role of Food Prepared Away from Home in the American Diet,

1977-78 versus 1994-96: Changes and Consequences

 Author:  Guthrie, Joanne F.

 Journal:  Journal of nutrition education and behavior

 ISSN:  1499-4046

 Date:  05/2002   Volume: 34   Issue: 3   Page: 140-150

 DOI:   10.1016/S1499-4046(06)60083-3




Young, L. R., and Nestle, M.


The contribution of expanding portion sizes to the US obesity epidemic.

American journal of public health,

92(2), 246-249.




Weimer, J. P.


The economic benefits of breastfeeding: A review and analysis

(No. 33813).

United States Department of Agriculture,

Economic Research Service.




Productivity growth, technological progress,

and efficiency change in Chinese agriculture

after rural economic reforms: A DEA approach

 Author:   Mao, Weining

 Journal:    China economic review

 ISSN:    1043-951X

 Date:    09/1997    Volume: 8    Issue: 2    Page: 157-174

 DOI:    10.1016/S1043-951X(97)90004-3




Heimlich, R. E., and Anderson, W. D.


Development at the urban fringe and beyond:

Impacts on agriculture and rural land

(No. 33943).

United States Department of Agriculture,

Economic Research Service.




Fernandez-Cornejo, J.


The seed industry in US agriculture:

An exploration of data and information on crop seed markets,

regulation, industry structure, and research and development

(No. 33671).

United States Department of Agriculture,

Economic Research Service.




McGranahan, D. A.


Natural amenities drive rural population change

(No. 33955).

United States Department of Agriculture,

Economic Research Service.




Ribaudo, M., Horan, R. D., and Smith, M. E.


Economics of water quality protection from nonpoint sources:

theory and practice

(No. 33913).

United States Department of Agriculture,

Economic Research Service.




Leibtag, E. S., and Kaufman, P. R.


Exploring Food Purchase Behavior of Low-Income Households:

How Do They Economize?

(No. 33711).

United States Department of Agriculture,

Economic Research Service.




Contribution of increasing CO2 and climate to carbon storage

by ecosystems in the United States.

 Author:  Schimel, D D 

 Journal:   Science (New York, N.Y.)

 ISSN:   0036-8075

 Date:   03/2000   Volume: 287   Issue: 5460   Page: 2004

 PMID:   10720324




Economic determinants and dietary consequences

of food insecurity in the United States.

 Author:   Rose, D D 

 Journal:    The Journal of nutrition

 ISSN:    0022-3166

 Date:    02/1999    Volume: 129    Issue: 2s suppl    Page: 517S

 PMID:   10064321




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Google News


Temple Summon Search

44,735 results

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    Archival Material 10

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    Book / eBook 18,395

    Book Chapter 460

    Book Review 128

    Conference Proceeding 71

    Data Set 34

    Dissertation 2,018

    Electronic Resource 14

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    Journal Article 10,140

    Magazine Article 495

    Market Research 47

    Microform 96

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    Reference 469

    Report 482

    Research Guide 16

    Streaming Video 3

    Trade Publication Article 333

    Transcript 62

    Web Resource 51










David Dillard

Temple University

(215) 204 - 4584



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Twitter: davidpdillard

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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),

Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,

Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.

Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay

David P. Dillard

RailTram Discussion Group

From the Union Pacific to BritRail and Beyond  


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