Date   
SPORTS MEDICINE : SPORTS INJURIES: Handout on Health: Sports Injuries

David P. Dillard
 








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SPORTS MEDICINE : 

SPORTS INJURIES:   

Handout on Health: Sports Injuries


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Handout on Health: Sports Injuries

February 2016

Handout on Health: Sports Injuries

  National Institutes of Health Homepage   U.S. government's official web portal.   NIAMS Intranet



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This publication is for adult athletes at all levels, for people who exercise, as well as for health care professionals, coaches, and others who want to find out more about musculoskeletal sports injuries. This publication describes the different types of musculoskeletal sports injuries and how they can be treated and prevented. If you have further questions after reading this publication, you may wish to discuss them with a health care professional.

Introduction

In recent years, increasing numbers of people of all ages have been heeding their health professionals’ advice to get active for all of the health benefits exercise has to offer. But for some people—particularly those who overdo or who don’t properly train or warm up—these benefits can come at a price: sports injuries.

Illustrations

Information Boxes

Fortunately, most musculoskeletal sports injuries can be treated effectively, and most people who
suffer injuries can return to a satisfying level of physical activity after an injury. Even better, many
sports injuries can be prevented if people take the proper precautions.

What Are Sports Injuries?

The term “sports injury,” in the broadest sense, refers to the kinds of injuries that most commonly
occur during sports or exercise. Some sports injuries result from accidents; others are due to poor
training practices, improper equipment, lack of conditioning, or insufficient warm-up and stretching.

Following are some of the most common sports injuries.

Common Types of Sports Injuries
  • Muscle sprains and strains
  • Tears of the ligaments that hold joints together
  • Tears of the tendons that support joints and allow them to move
  • Dislocated joints
  • Fractured bones, including vertebrae.

Sprains and Strains

sprain is a stretch or tear of a ligament, the band of connective tissues that joins the end of
one bone with another. Sprains are caused by trauma such as a fall or blow to the body that
knocks a joint out of position and, in the worst case, ruptures the supporting ligaments.
Sprains can range from first degree (minimally stretched ligament) to third degree (a complete tear).
Areas of the body most vulnerable to sprains are ankles, knees, and wrists. Signs of a sprain include
varying degrees of tenderness or pain; bruising; inflammation; swelling; inability to move a limb or joint;
or joint looseness, laxity, or instability.

strain is a twist, pull, or tear of a muscle or tendon, a cord of tissue connecting muscle to bone.
It is an acute, noncontact injury that results from overstretching or overcontraction. Symptoms of a strain
include pain, muscle spasm, and loss of strength. Although it’s hard to tell the difference between mild and
moderate strains, severe strains not treated professionally can cause damage and loss of function.

Knee Injuries

Because of its complex structure and weight-bearing capacity, the knee is a commonly injured joint.

Lateral View of the Knee

Lateral View of the Knee

Knee injuries can range from mild to severe. Some of the less severe, yet still painful and functionally
limiting, knee problems are runner’s knee (pain or tenderness close to or under the knee cap at the
front or side of the knee), iliotibial band syndrome (pain on the outer side of the knee), and tendinitis,
also called tendinosis (marked by degeneration within a tendon, usually where it joins the bone).

More severe injuries include bone bruises or damage to the cartilage or ligaments. There are two types
of cartilage in the knee. One is the meniscus, a crescent-shaped disc that absorbs shock between the
thigh (femur) and lower leg bones (tibia and fibula). The other is a surface-coating (or articular) cartilage.
It covers the ends of the bones where they meet, allowing them to glide against one another.
The four major ligaments that support the knee are the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), the posterior
cruciate ligament (PCL), the medial collateral ligament (MCL), and the lateral collateral ligament (LCL).
(See illustration “Lateral View of the Knee.”)

Knee injuries can result from a blow to or twist of the knee; from improper landing after a jump; or from
running too hard, too much, or without proper warm-up.

Compartment Syndrome

In many parts of the body, muscles (along with the nerves and blood vessels that run alongside and through
them) are enclosed in a “compartment” formed of a tough membrane called fascia. When muscles become
swollen, they can fill the compartment to capacity, causing interference with nerves and blood vessels as
well as damage to the muscles themselves. The resulting painful condition is referred to as compartment syndrome.

Compartment syndrome may be caused by a one-time traumatic injury (acute compartment syndrome),
such as a fractured bone or a hard blow to the thigh, by repeated hard blows (depending upon the sport),
or by ongoing overuse (chronic exertional compartment syndrome), which may occur, for example,
in long-distance running.

Shin Splints

Although the term “shin splints” has been widely used to describe any sort of leg pain associated with exercise,
the term actually refers to pain along the tibia or shin bone, the large bone in the front of the lower leg.
This pain can occur at the front outside part of the lower leg, including the foot and ankle (anterior shin splints)
or at the inner edge of the bone where it meets the calf muscles (medial shin splints).

Shin splints are primarily seen in runners, particularly those just starting a running program. Risk factors for shin
splints include overuse or incorrect use of the lower leg; improper stretching, warm-up, or exercise technique;
overtraining; running or jumping on hard surfaces; and running in shoes that don’t have enough support.
These injuries are often associated with flat (overpronated) feet.

Achilles Tendon Injuries

An Achilles tendon injury results from a stretch, tear, or irritation to the tendon connecting the calf muscle to the
back of the heel. These injuries can be so sudden and agonizing that they have been known to bring down
charging professional football players in shocking fashion.

The most common cause of Achilles tendon tears is a problem called tendinitis, a degenerative condition caused
by aging or overuse. When a tendon is weakened, trauma can cause it to rupture.

Achilles tendon injuries are common in middle-aged “weekend warriors” who may not exercise regularly or take
time to stretch properly before an activity. Among professional athletes, most Achilles injuries seem to occur in
quick-acceleration, jumping sports like football and basketball, and almost always end the season’s competition
for the athlete.

Lateral View of the Ankle

Lateral View of the Ankle

Fractures

A fracture is a break in the bone that can occur from either a quick, one-time injury to the bone (acute fracture) or from
repeated stress to the bone over time (stress fracture).

Acute fractures: Acute fractures can be simple (a clean break with little damage to the surrounding tissue) or compound
(a break in which the bone pierces the skin with little damage to the surrounding tissue). Most acute fractures are emergencies.
One that breaks the skin is especially dangerous because there is a high risk of infection.

Stress fractures: Stress fractures occur largely in the feet and legs and are common in sports that require repetitive impact,
primarily running/jumping sports such as gymnastics or track and field. Running creates forces two to three times a person’s
body weight on the lower limbs.

The most common symptom of a stress fracture is pain at the site that worsens with weight-bearing activity. Tenderness
and swelling often accompany the pain.

Dislocations

When the two bones that come together to form a joint become separated, the joint is described as being dislocated.
Contact sports such as football and basketball, as well as high-impact sports and sports that can result in excessive
stretching or falling, cause the majority of dislocations. A dislocated joint is an emergency situation that requires medical
treatment.

The Shoulder Joint

The Shoulder Joint

The joints most likely to be dislocated are some of the hand joints. Aside from these joints, the joint most frequently
dislocated is the shoulder. Dislocations of the knees, hips, and elbows are uncommon.

What Is the Difference Between Acute and Chronic Injuries?

Regardless of the specific structure affected, musculoskeletal sports injuries can generally be classified in one of
two ways: acute or chronic.

Acute Injuries

Acute injuries, such as a sprained ankle, strained back, or fractured hand, occur suddenly during activity.
Signs of an acute injury include the following:

  • sudden, severe pain
  • swelling
  • inability to place weight on a lower limb
  • extreme tenderness in an upper limb
  • inability to move a joint through its full range of motion
  • extreme limb weakness
  • visible dislocation or break of a bone.

Chronic Injuries

Chronic injuries usually result from overusing one area of the body while playing a sport or exercising over a long period.
The following are signs of a chronic injury:

  • pain when performing an activity
  • a dull ache when at rest
  • swelling.

What Should I Do If I Suffer an Injury?

Whether an injury is acute or chronic, there is never a good reason to try to “work through” the pain of an injury.
When you have pain from a particular movement or activity, STOP! Continuing the activity only causes further harm.

Some injuries require prompt medical attention (see the section “Who Should I See for My Injury?”), while others can
be self-treated. Here’s what you need to know about both types:

When to Seek Medical Treatment

You should call a health professional if:

  • The injury causes severe pain, swelling, or numbness.
  • You can’t tolerate any weight on the area.
  • The pain or dull ache of an old injury is accompanied by increased swelling or joint abnormality or instability.

To learn about treating sports injuries, see the section “How Are Sports Injuries Treated?

When and How to Treat at Home

If you don’t have any of the above symptoms, it’s probably safe to treat the injury at home—at least at first. If pain or other
symptoms worsen, it’s best to check with your health care provider. Use the RICE method to relieve pain and inflammation
and speed healing. Follow these four steps immediately after injury and continue for at least 48 hours.

  • Rest. Reduce regular exercise or activities of daily living as needed. If you cannot put weight on an ankle or knee,
    crutches may help. If you use a cane or one crutch for an ankle injury, use it on the uninjured side to help you lean
    away and relieve weight on the injured ankle.
  • Ice. Apply an ice pack to the injured area for 20 minutes at a time, four to eight times a day. A cold pack, ice bag, or
    plastic bag filled with crushed ice and wrapped in a towel can be used. To avoid cold injury and frostbite, do not apply
    the ice for more than 20 minutes. (Note: Do not use heat immediately after an injury. This tends to increase internal
    bleeding or swelling. Heat can be used later on to relieve muscle tension and promote relaxation.)
  • Compression. Compression of the injured area may help reduce swelling. Compression can be achieved with elastic
    wraps, special boots, air casts, and splints. Ask your health care provider for advice on which one to use.
  • Elevation. If possible, keep the injured ankle, knee, elbow, or wrist elevated on a pillow, above the level of the heart,
    to help decrease swelling.
The Body’s Healing Process

From the moment a bone breaks or a ligament tears, your body goes to work to repair the damage. Here’s what happens at each stage of the healing process:

At the moment of injury: Chemicals are released from damaged cells, triggering a process called inflammation. Blood vessels at the injury site become dilated; blood flow increases to carry nutrients to the site of tissue damage.

Within hours of injury: White blood cells (leukocytes) travel down the bloodstream to the injury site where they begin to tear down and remove damaged tissue, allowing other specialized cells to start developing scar tissue.

Within days of injury: Scar tissue is formed on the skin or inside the body. The amount of scarring may be proportional to the amount of swelling, inflammation, or bleeding within. In the next few weeks, the damaged area will regain a great deal of strength as scar tissue continues to form.

Within a month of injury: Scar tissue may start to shrink, bringing damaged, torn, or separated tissues back together. However, it may be several months or more before the injury is completely healed.

Who Should I See for My Injury?

Although severe injuries will need to be seen immediately in an emergency room, particularly if they occur on the weekend or
after office hours, most musculoskeletal sports injuries can be evaluated and, in many cases,
treated by your primary health care provider.

Depending on your preference and the severity of your injury or the likelihood that your injury may cause ongoing,
long-term problems, you may want to see, or have your primary health care professional refer you to, one of the following:

  • An orthopaedic surgeon is a doctor specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of the musculoskeletal system,
    which includes bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves.
  • physical therapist/physiotherapist is a health care professional who can develop a rehabilitation program.
    Your primary care physician may refer you to a physical therapist after you begin to recover from your injury to help
    strengthen muscles and joints and prevent further injury.

How Are Sports Injuries Treated?

Although using the RICE technique described previously can be helpful for any sports injury, RICE is often just a starting point.
Here are some other treatments your doctor or other health care provider may administer, recommend,
or prescribe to help your injury heal.1


1All medicines can have side effects. Some medicines and side effects are mentioned in this publication. Some side effects may
be more severe than others. You should review the package insert that comes with your medicine and ask your health care 

provider or pharmacist if you have any questions about the possible side effects.

Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
The moment you are injured, chemicals are released from damaged tissue cells. This triggers the first stage of healing: 

inflammation (see box “The Body’s Healing Process”). Inflammation causes tissues to become swollen, tender, and painful. 

Although inflammation is needed for healing, it can actually slow the healing process if left unchecked.

To reduce inflammation and pain, doctors and other health care providers often recommend taking an over-the-counter 

nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) such as aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen sodium. For more severe pain and
inflammation, doctors may prescribe one of several dozen NSAIDs available in prescription strength.2

Though not an NSAID, another commonly used OTC medication, acetaminophen, may relieve pain. It has no effect
on inflammation, however.


2Warning: Side effects of NSAIDs include stomach problems; skin rashes; high blood pressure; fluid retention; and liver, kidney,
and heart problems. The longer a person uses NSAIDs, the more likely he or she is to have side effects, ranging from mild to serious.
Many other drugs cannot be taken when a patient is being treated with NSAIDs, because NSAIDs alter the way the body uses or
eliminates these other drugs. Check with your health care provider or pharmacist before you take NSAIDs. NSAIDs should only be
used at the lowest dose possible for the shortest time needed.

Immobilization

Immobilization is a common treatment for musculoskeletal sports injuries that may be done immediately by a trainer or paramedic.
Immobilization involves reducing movement in the area to prevent further damage. By enabling the blood supply to flow more directly
to the injury (or the site of surgery to repair damage from an injury), immobilization reduces pain, swelling, and muscle spasm and
helps the healing process begin. Following are some devices used for immobilization:

  • Slings, to immobilize the upper body, including the arms and shoulders.
  • Splints and casts, to support and protect injured bones and soft tissue. Casts can be made from plaster or fiberglass.
    Splints can be custom made or ready made. Standard splints come in a variety of shapes and sizes and have Velcro straps
    that make them easy to put on and take off or adjust. Splints generally offer less support and protection than a cast, and
    therefore may not always be a treatment option.
  • Leg immobilizers, to keep the knee from bending after injury or surgery. Made from foam rubber covered with fabric,
    leg immobilizers enclose the entire leg, fastening with Velcro straps.

Surgery

In some cases, surgery is needed to repair torn connective tissues or to realign bones with compound fractures. The vast majority
of musculoskeletal sports injuries, however, do not require surgery.

Rehabilitation (Exercise)

A key part of rehabilitation from sports injuries is a graduated exercise program designed to return the injured body part to a normal
level of function.

With most injuries, early mobilization—getting the part moving as soon as possible—will speed healing. Generally, early mobilization
starts with gentle range-of-motion exercises and then moves on to stretching and strengthening exercises when you can without
increasing pain. For example, if you have a sprained ankle, you may be able to work on range of motion for the first day or two after
the sprain by gently tracing letters with your big toe. Once your range of motion is fairly good, you can start doing gentle stretching
and strengthening exercises. When you are ready, weights may be added to your exercise routine to further strengthen the injured area.
The key is to avoid movement that causes pain.

As damaged tissue heals, scar tissue forms, which shrinks and brings torn or separated tissues back together. As a result, the injury
site becomes tight or stiff, and damaged tissues are at risk of reinjury. That’s why stretching and strengthening exercises are so important.
You should continue to stretch the muscles daily and as the first part of your warm-up before exercising.

When planning your rehabilitation program with a health care professional, remember that progression is the key principle. Start with just
a few exercises, do them often, and then gradually increase how much you do. A complete rehabilitation program should include
exercises for flexibility, endurance, and strength; instruction in balance and proper body mechanics related to the sport; and a planned
return to full participation.

Throughout the rehabilitation process, avoid painful activities and concentrate on those exercises that will improve function in the injured part.
Don’t resume your sport until you are sure you can stretch the injured tissues without any pain, swelling, or restricted movement, and monitor
any other symptoms. When you do return to your sport, start slowly and gradually build up to full participation. For more advice on how to
prevent injuries as you return to active exercise, see the box “Tips for Preventing Injury.”

Rest

Although it is important to get moving as soon as possible, you must also take time to rest following an injury. All injuries need time to heal;
proper rest will help the process. Your health care professional can guide you regarding the proper balance between rest and rehabilitation.

Other Therapies

Other therapies used in rehabilitating sports injuries include:

  • Cold/cryotherapy: Ice packs reduce inflammation by constricting blood vessels and limiting blood flow to the injured tissues.
    Cryotherapy eases pain by numbing the injured area. It is generally used for only the first 48 hours after injury.
  • Heat/thermotherapy: Heat, in the form of hot compresses, heat lamps, or heating pads, causes the blood vessels to dilate and
    increase blood flow to the injury site. Increased blood flow aids the healing process by removing cell debris from damaged tissues and
    carrying healing nutrients to the injury site. Heat also helps to reduce pain. It should not be applied within the first 48 hours after an injury.
  • Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves produce deep heat that is applied directly to an injured area. Ultrasound stimulates blood flow
    to promote healing.
  • Massage: Manual pressing, rubbing, and manipulation soothe tense muscles and increase blood flow to the injury site.

Most of these therapies are administered or supervised by a licensed health care professional.

Tips for Preventing Injury

Whether you’ve never had a sports injury and you’re trying to keep it that way or you’ve had an injury and don’t want another, the following tips can help.

  • Avoid bending knees past 90 degrees when doing half knee bends.
  • Avoid twisting knees by keeping feet as flat as possible during stretches.
  • When jumping, land with your knees bent.
  • Do warm-up exercises not just before vigorous activities like running, but also before less vigorous ones such as golf.
  • Don’t overdo.
  • Do warm-up stretches before activity. Stretch the Achilles tendon, hamstring, and quadriceps areas and hold the positions. Don’t bounce.
  • Cool down following vigorous sports. For example, after a race, walk or walk/jog for 5 minutes so your pulse comes down gradually.
  • Wear properly fitting shoes that provide shock absorption and stability.
  • Use the softest exercise surface available, and avoid running on hard surfaces like asphalt and concrete. Run on flat surfaces. Running uphill may increase the stress on the Achilles tendon and the leg itself.

More information on research is available from the following websites:

  • National Institutes of Health (NIH) Clinical Research Trials and You was designed to help people learn more about clinical trials,
    why they matter, and how to participate. Visitors to the website will find information about the basics of participating in a clinical trial,
    first-hand stories from clinical trial volunteers, explanations from researchers, and links on how to search for a trial or enroll in a
    research-matching program.
  • ClinicalTrials.gov offers up-to-date information for locating federally and privately supported clinical trials for a wide range of diseases
    and conditions.
  • NIH RePORTER is an electronic tool that allows users to search a repository of both intramural and extramural NIH-funded research
    projects from the past 25 years and access publications (since 1985) and patents resulting from NIH funding.
  • PubMed is a free service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine that lets you search millions of journal citations and abstracts in the
    fields of medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, the health care system, and preclinical sciences.

For More Information

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) 
Information Clearinghouse
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Phone: 301-495-4484
Toll free: 877-22-NIAMS (877-226-4267)
TTY: 301-565-2966
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If you need more information about available resources in your language or another language,
please visit our website or contact the NIAMS Information Clearinghouse at NIAMSinfo@....

Other Resources

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

Website: http://www.aaos.org (con información en español)

American Academy of Pediatrics

Website: http://www.aap.org

American College of Sports Medicine

Website: http://www.acsm.org

American Medical Society for Sports Medicine

Website: http://www.amssm.org

American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine

Website: http://www.sportsmed.org

American Physical Therapy Association

Website: http://www.apta.org (con información en español)

National Athletic Trainers Association

Website: http://www.nata.org (con información en español)

Acknowledgments

The NIAMS gratefully acknowledges the assistance of the following individuals in the preparation and review of the original
version of this publication: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, IL; the American Physical Therapy
Association, Alexandria, VA; William E. Garrett, Jr., M.D., Ph.D., University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC;
Jo A. Hannafin, M.D., Ph.D., Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY; Lynne Haverkos, M.D., Eunice Kennedy Shriver 
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH; Cato T. Laurencin, M.D., Ph.D., University of Virginia,
Charlottesville, VA; Gayle Lester, Ph.D., NIAMS/NIH; National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH; and
James S. Panagis, M.D., M.P.H., NIAMS/NIH. Special thanks also go to the individuals who reviewed this publication and
provided valuable assistance. Mary Anne Dunkin was the author of this publication.

The mission of the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), a part of the
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ National Institutes of Health (NIH), is to support research into the causes,
treatment, and prevention of arthritis and musculoskeletal and skin diseases; the training of basic and clinical scientists to
carry out this research; and the dissemination of information on research progress in these diseases.
The NIAMS Information Clearinghouse is a public service sponsored by the NIAMS that provides health information and
information sources. Additional information can be found on the NIAMS website at www.niams.nih.gov. Information on bone
and its disorders can be obtained from the NIH Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases ~ National Resource Center by
calling toll free at 800–624–BONE (2663) or by visiting www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Bone/default.asp.

For Your Information

This publication contains information about medications used to treat the health condition discussed here.
When this publication was developed, we included the most up-to-date (accurate) information available.
Occasionally, new information on medication is released.

For updates and for any questions about any medications you are taking, please contact

U.S. Food and Drug Administration

Toll free: 888-INFO-FDA (888-463-6332)
Website: http://www.fda.gov

For additional information on specific medications, visit Drugs@FDA at http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cder/daf/.
Drugs@FDA is a searchable catalog of FDA-approved drug products.

For updates and questions about statistics, please contact

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics

Toll free: 800-232-4636
Website: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs

This publication is not copyrighted. Readers are encouraged to duplicate and distribute as many copies as needed.

Additional copies of this publication are available from:

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) 
Information Clearinghouse
National Institutes of Health

1 AMS Circle
Bethesda, MD 20892-3675
Phone: 301-495-4484
Toll free: 877-22-NIAMS (877-226-4267)
TTY: 301-565-2966
Fax: 301-718-6366
Email: NIAMSinfo@...
Website: https://www.niams.nih.gov

NIH Publication No. 16–5278

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META-ANALYSIS : SYSTEMATIC REVIEWS : EVIDENCE BASED : JOURNAL ARTICLES : SPORTS MEDICINE : SPORTS INJURIES : PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS: The Effectiveness of Exercise Interventions to Prevent Sports Injuries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials.

David P. Dillard
 

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META-ANALYSIS :

SYSTEMATIC REVIEWS :

EVIDENCE BASED :

JOURNAL ARTICLES :

SPORTS MEDICINE :

SPORTS INJURIES :

PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS:

The Effectiveness of Exercise Interventions to Prevent Sports Injuries:
A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials.


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The Effectiveness of Exercise Interventions to Prevent Sports Injuries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials.

Lauersen JB1, Bertelsen DM, Andersen LB.

British Journal of Sports Medicine

2014 Jun;48(11):871-7.

doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2013-092538.

Epub 2013 Oct 7.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24100287

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The effectiveness of exercise interventions to prevent sports injuries: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.

Lauersen JB1, Bertelsen DM, Andersen LB.
Author information

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Physical activity is important in both prevention and treatment of many common diseases, but sports injuries can pose serious problems.

OBJECTIVE:
To determine whether physical activity exercises can reduce sports injuries and perform stratified analyses of strength training, stretching, proprioception and combinations of these, and provide separate acute and overuse injury estimates.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and SPORTDiscus were searched and yielded 3462 results. Two independent authors selected relevant randomised, controlled trials and quality assessments were conducted by all authors of this paper using the Cochrane collaboration domain-based quality assessment tool. Twelve studies that neglected to account for clustering effects were adjusted. Quantitative analyses were performed in STATA V.12 and sensitivity analysed by intention-to-treat. Heterogeneity (I(2)) and publication bias (Harbord's small-study effects) were formally tested.

RESULTS:

25 trials, including 26 610 participants with 3464 injuries, were analysed. The overall effect estimate on injury prevention was heterogeneous. Stratified exposure analyses proved no beneficial effect for stretching (RR 0.963 (0.846-1.095)), whereas studies with multiple exposures (RR 0.655 (0.520-0.826)), proprioception training (RR 0.550 (0.347-0.869)), and strength training (RR 0.315 (0.207-0.480)) showed a tendency towards increasing effect. Both acute injuries (RR 0.647 (0.502-0.836)) and overuse injuries (RR 0.527 (0.373-0.746)) could be reduced by physical activity programmes. Intention-to-treat sensitivity analyses consistently revealed even more robust effect estimates.

CONCLUSIONS:

Despite a few outlying studies, consistently favourable estimates were obtained for all injury prevention measures except for stretching. Strength training reduced sports injuries to less than 1/3 and overuse injuries could be almost halved.
KEYWORDS:

Evidence based reviews; Injury Prevention; Orthopaedics; Sporting injuries; Training

PMID: 24100287 DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2013-092538

.

.


Sources Citing This Publication

http://tinyurl.com/ke95xm9

http://tinyurl.com/lyku4hz

.

Content Sample:

.

Bergeron, Michael F., Margo Mountjoy, Neil Armstrong, Michael Chia,
Jean C Carolyn A. Emery, Avery Faigenbaum et al.
"International Olympic Committee consensus statement
on youth athletic development."
British Journal of Sports Medicine 49, no. 13 (2015): 843-851.

.

OBrien, James, and Caroline F. Finch.
"The implementation of musculoskeletal injury-prevention exercise programmes
in team ball sports: a systematic review employing the RE-AIM framework."
Sports medicine 44, no. 9 (2014): 1305-1318.

.

Malisoux, Laurent, Joseph Ramesh, Robert Mann, Romain Seil, Axel Urhausen, and Daniel Theisen.
"Can parallel use of different running shoes
decrease running-related injury risk?."
Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports
25, no. 1 (2015): 110-115.

.

Emery, Carolyn A., Thierry-Olivier Roy, Jackie L. Whittaker,
Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, and Willem Van Mechelen.
"Neuromuscular training injury prevention strategies in youth sport:
a systematic review and meta-analysis."
British journal of sports medicine 49, no. 13 (2015): 865-870.

.

Loturco, Irineu, Lucas A. Pereira, Ronaldo Kobal, Vinicius Zanetti,
Katia Kitamura, Cesar Cavinato Cal Abad, and Fabio Y. Nakamura.
"Transference effect of vertical and horizontal plyometrics
on sprint performance of high-level U-20 soccer players."
Journal of sports sciences 33, no. 20 (2015): 2182-2191.

.

Suchomel, Timothy J., Sophia Nimphius, and Michael H. Stone.
"The importance of muscular strength in athletic performance."
Sports medicine 46, no. 10 (2016): 1419-1449.

.

Riva, Dario, Roberto Bianchi, Flavio Rocca, and Carlo Mamo. "Proprioceptive training and injury prevention in a professional men's basketball team: a six-year prospective study."
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 30, no. 2 (2016): 461.

.

Wright, Matthew D., Matthew D. Portas, Victoria J. Evans,
and Matthew Weston.
"The effectiveness of 4 weeks of fundamental movement training
on functional movement screen and physiological performance
in physically active children."
The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research
29, no. 1 (2015): 254-261.

.

Fortington, Lauren V., Alex Donaldson, Tim Lathlean, Warren B. Young, Belinda J. Gabbe, David Lloyd, and Caroline F. Finch.
"When just doing itis not enough:
assessing the fidelity of player performance
of an injury prevention exercise program."
Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 18, no. 3 (2015): 272-277.

.

Al Attar, Wesam Saleh A., Najeebullah Soomro, Evangelos Pappas,
Peter J. Sinclair, and Ross H. Sanders.
"How effective are F-MARC injury prevention programs
for soccer players? A systematic review and meta-analysis." Sports medicine 46, no. 2 (2016): 205-217.


.

.


WEBBIB1617

http://tinyurl.com/gtdzaq3


.

.



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.

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Trump Bans EPA From Talking To Press, Posting On Social Media

January 24, 2017 2:34 PM

CBSMIAMI.COM

http://miami.cbslocal.com/2017/01/24/
trump-bans-epa-from-talking-to-press-posting-on-social-media/

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A shorter URL for the above link:

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http://tinyurl.com/ldd4kv9

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MIAMI (CBSMiami) President Donald Trump appears to have banned employees with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) from speaking with reporters and posting updates on social media.

.

According to the Associated Press, the social media ban is part of new restrictions at the EPA under Trumps administration.

.

Just a day before, the Huffington Post reported EPA grants had been frozen and agency employees were not allowed to speak about it.

.

According to the Hill, Trump administration officials reportedly told the Department of Interior to stop sending tweets from its accounts this past weekend after the National Park Service retweeted information about crowd sizes at Trumps inauguration.



.

.

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

.

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Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

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Donald Trump Administration Tells Federal Employees
Not to Talk to Congress

.

.


Donald Trump Administration Tells Federal Employees
Not to Talk to Congress

The government circulated a memo, warning employees not to talk until 3 February

Rachael Revesz New York

Thursday 26 January 2017 22:38 GMT

The Independent

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/donald-trump- administration-congress-gag-order-illegal-democrats-federal-employees-
congress-a7548531.html

.

A shorter URL for the above link:

.

http://tinyurl.com/lm3jyjq

.

.


Donald Trumps government has warned federal employees not to talk to Congress, enforcing what Democrats have described as an illegal "gag order" until next week.

.

The memo circulating in the Department of Health and Human Services from the acting secretary warns the various agency heads that there should be "no correspondence to public officials (e.g. Members of Congress, Governors)...unless specifically authorized by me or my designee, shall be sent between now and February 3"

.

Elijah Cummings, senior Democrat of the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, said his committee was in possession of documents that showed how federal employees were not allowed to talk.

.

He wrote in a letter to the new White House Counsel Donald McGahn that the administration had sent similar memos to multiple agencies and that "these directives appear to violate a host of federal laws".

.

snip

.

The Trump administration has already come under fire for shutting down twitter access for the National Park Service after it tweeted images of the relatively small crowds at Mr Trumps inauguration.

.

This followed with a "media blackout", telling several agencies not to post blogs, social media updates or tweets.




.

.

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

.

.




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
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Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

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.

.


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Would President Trump Kill Freedom of the Press?

.

.


Would President Trump Kill Freedom of the Press?

What he couldnt doand what he could.

By Isaac Chotiner

Slate

http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/
interrogation/2016/03/donald_trump_vs_the_media_
how_he_could_curtail_ freedom_of_the_press_as_president.html

.

A shorter URL for the above link:

.

http://tinyurl.com/hk2khmb

.

.


In recent days, Donald Trumps campaign manager has been accused of assaulting a reporter (Trump defended his man), and the candidate himself has said that, as president, he might change libel laws and sue the media over negative stories. He has also urged violence against protesters at his rallies, while claiming that those protesters have violated his own First Amendment rights.

.

With these events in mind, I called Geoffrey Stone, a University of Chicago professor and the author of several books on the tension in American history between the First Amendment and the executive branch, and on press freedom more broadly. We discussed whether Trumps support of violence is illegal, the ways in which Trump might threaten the freedom of the press as president, and the consequences of a chief executive who despises the media. The conversation has been edited and condensed.

.

Trump has encouraged violence against protesters at his rallies, saying hed like to punch protesters himself, and offered to cover the legal fees of supporters who take matters into their own hands. Is such incitement covered by the First Amendment?

.

He is inciting violence, but not in a way that could be punished consistent with the First Amendment. Under existing law, a person can be punished for encouraging others to commit crimes only if he expressly incites violence and his speech creates a clear and present danger of serious harm. In this context, the present danger element isn't satisfied because there is plenty of time for others to encourage people not to be violent. Moreover, even if his expression creates a clear and present danger of violence, the First Amendment protects the speech unless the harm is serious. In these situations, a few fistfights probably arent sufficient to satisfy that standard.

.

What do you make of law enforcement officials kicking out even nonviolent protesters from his events?

.

These events are private. They are not government events. Like all private events, the host/sponsor is free to invite or exclude whomever he likes. There is no constitutional limitation on the private sponsor of such an event setting the rules for who can attend. It is like having a party in a restaurant and noninvitees crash the party. They are guilty of trespass and can be evicted and arrested. Of course, its a bit odd to apply that analogy to a large political event with thousands of people, but legally its no different. Put simply, as a private individual, Trump can invite whomever he wants to his party and if the purpose of the party is to celebrate him he can lawfully have those he doesnt want there removed. Of course, if they arent being disruptive its politically awkward to remove them because you look like a jerk, but thats never stopped Trump.

.

How insulated is our system from a president who wants to go after the press?

.

There are three ways in which a president can be punitive to members of the press that he does not favor: not invite them to press conferences, exclude them from access to other forms of information, and exercise the authority to prosecute them, hopefully when theres a legitimate basis to prosecute. In terms of press freedoms, the president cant do very much himself, unless youre talking about something thats violently against the Constitution. He would need legislation for the most part.

.

The real question is: What is the vulnerability of the press to a president who is not respectful of the appropriate role the press plays, who treats them with disdain and regards them as a dangerous enemy, not only to himself but to the nation? Theres a large amount of information that the media get from the president that is then passed on to the American public, and thats valuable, and a president has the authority to say, no, Im not going to talk to you anymore. The you can be the entire press corps or it can be selected members of the press, and the problem of the use of that authority is that it then manipulates the press into currying favor with the president.

.

I suppose we already have a version of that last part.

.

Right, but it can get a lot worse, and if you want access to information, and if you have a president who says, If you criticize me, youre never coming to a press conference again, there are members of the media who would shade what they say. Thats a huge power (and danger), which hasnt traditionally been exercised in any aggressive way.

.

Additional Topics Discussed in This Interview

.

We have many institutions in our democracy that operate on norms, not laws, and if someone or some people decide to violate those norms, then the system breaks down, as we have seen recently with Congresss vow not to confirm Barack Obamas Supreme Court nominee. Its similar to what youre saying about the press, right?

So if you have a demagogue who doesnt care about the press or elite opinion, then he will be more willing to go after the media?

Could Trump really change libel laws, as he has promised to do?

What do you find most troubling about Trump with regard to these speech issues?

It seems like thats several steps off, but you can see how it all starts.

How would you rate the Obama and Bush administrations in dealing with the press?

My sense is that on the one hand, First Amendment and press freedoms increase with time. On the other, it does seem that on issues like secrecy and prosecuting the press for leaks, it gets worse with every term.


.

.

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

.

.







Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
https://groups.io/g/Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Temple University and Google Sites Research Guides
AND Discussion Group Directory
http://tinyurl.com/ngda2hk

OR

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FAKE NEWS
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RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
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DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
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Educator-Gold
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K12ADMINLIFE
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PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
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Twitter: davidpdillard

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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
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INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
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SPORT-MED
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http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html







.

.


Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
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Temple University Listserv Alert :
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https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

.

.

ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CHANGE DECEIT : ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE : CLIMATE CHANGE DENIAL : DISINFORMATION : UNITED STATES: POLITICS: POLITICAL PARTIES: REPUBLICAN PARTY, TEA PARTY : INDUSTRIES: PETROLEUM : LIBERTARIANISM : RACISM : BIGOTRY : EXTREMISM : HATE GROUPS : INTOLERANCE : DONALD TRUMP : BLATANT FALSEHOODS : SERIAL LIARS : REPUBLICAN WAR ON WOMEN : RAPE CULTURE : SEXISM : NEO-NAZIS : KU KLUX KLAN : RELIGION: CHRISTIANS: RELIGIOUS RIGHT : VIOLATIONS OF THE CONSTITUTION : MEDIA SUPPRESSION : LEGAL ISSUES : REPUBLICAN OBAMACARE REPEAL : MEDIA : FREEDOM OF THE PRESS : CENSORSHIP : POLITICS: VOTER SUPPRESSION : DICTATORSHIPS : OLIGARCHIES : FAKE NEWS: Donald Trumps Energy Plan: More Fossil Fuels and Fewer Rules

David P. Dillard
 

.

.


INTERNET PRIVACY AND SECURITY :

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Would President Trump Kill Freedom of the Press?

.

.


Would President Trump Kill Freedom of the Press?

What he couldnt doand what he could.

By Isaac Chotiner

Slate

http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/
interrogation/2016/03/donald_trump_vs_the_media_
how_he_could_curtail_ freedom_of_the_press_as_president.html

.

A shorter URL for the above link:

.

http://tinyurl.com/hk2khmb

.

.


In recent days, Donald Trumps campaign manager has been accused of assaulting a reporter (Trump defended his man), and the candidate himself has said that, as president, he might change libel laws and sue the media over negative stories. He has also urged violence against protesters at his rallies, while claiming that those protesters have violated his own First Amendment rights.

.

With these events in mind, I called Geoffrey Stone, a University of Chicago professor and the author of several books on the tension in American history between the First Amendment and the executive branch, and on press freedom more broadly. We discussed whether Trumps support of violence is illegal, the ways in which Trump might threaten the freedom of the press as president, and the consequences of a chief executive who despises the media. The conversation has been edited and condensed.

.

Trump has encouraged violence against protesters at his rallies, saying hed like to punch protesters himself, and offered to cover the legal fees of supporters who take matters into their own hands. Is such incitement covered by the First Amendment?

.

He is inciting violence, but not in a way that could be punished consistent with the First Amendment. Under existing law, a person can be punished for encouraging others to commit crimes only if he expressly incites violence and his speech creates a clear and present danger of serious harm. In this context, the present danger element isn't satisfied because there is plenty of time for others to encourage people not to be violent. Moreover, even if his expression creates a clear and present danger of violence, the First Amendment protects the speech unless the harm is serious. In these situations, a few fistfights probably arent sufficient to satisfy that standard.

.

What do you make of law enforcement officials kicking out even nonviolent protesters from his events?

.

These events are private. They are not government events. Like all private events, the host/sponsor is free to invite or exclude whomever he likes. There is no constitutional limitation on the private sponsor of such an event setting the rules for who can attend. It is like having a party in a restaurant and noninvitees crash the party. They are guilty of trespass and can be evicted and arrested. Of course, its a bit odd to apply that analogy to a large political event with thousands of people, but legally its no different. Put simply, as a private individual, Trump can invite whomever he wants to his party and if the purpose of the party is to celebrate him he can lawfully have those he doesnt want there removed. Of course, if they arent being disruptive its politically awkward to remove them because you look like a jerk, but thats never stopped Trump.

.

How insulated is our system from a president who wants to go after the press?

.

There are three ways in which a president can be punitive to members of the press that he does not favor: not invite them to press conferences, exclude them from access to other forms of information, and exercise the authority to prosecute them, hopefully when theres a legitimate basis to prosecute. In terms of press freedoms, the president cant do very much himself, unless youre talking about something thats violently against the Constitution. He would need legislation for the most part.

.

The real question is: What is the vulnerability of the press to a president who is not respectful of the appropriate role the press plays, who treats them with disdain and regards them as a dangerous enemy, not only to himself but to the nation? Theres a large amount of information that the media get from the president that is then passed on to the American public, and thats valuable, and a president has the authority to say, no, Im not going to talk to you anymore. The you can be the entire press corps or it can be selected members of the press, and the problem of the use of that authority is that it then manipulates the press into currying favor with the president.

.

I suppose we already have a version of that last part.

.

Right, but it can get a lot worse, and if you want access to information, and if you have a president who says, If you criticize me, youre never coming to a press conference again, there are members of the media who would shade what they say. Thats a huge power (and danger), which hasnt traditionally been exercised in any aggressive way.

.

Additional Topics Discussed in This Interview

.

We have many institutions in our democracy that operate on norms, not laws, and if someone or some people decide to violate those norms, then the system breaks down, as we have seen recently with Congresss vow not to confirm Barack Obamas Supreme Court nominee. Its similar to what youre saying about the press, right?

.

So if you have a demagogue who doesnt care about the press or elite opinion, then he will be more willing to go after the media?

.

Could Trump really change libel laws, as he has promised to do?

.

What do you find most troubling about Trump with regard to these speech issues?

.

It seems like thats several steps off, but you can see how it all starts.

.

How would you rate the Obama and Bush administrations in dealing with the press?

.

My sense is that on the one hand, First Amendment and press freedoms increase with time. On the other, it does seem that on issues like secrecy and prosecuting the press for leaks, it gets worse with every term.


.

.

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

.

.




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
https://groups.io/g/Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Temple University and Google Sites Research Guides
AND Discussion Group Directory
http://tinyurl.com/ngda2hk

OR

https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/

FAKE NEWS
https://sites.google.com/site/fakenewsresearchguide/

RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers

EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide

INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships

HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide

DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557

INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.io/g/indoor-gardening

Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/

K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

STATISTICS SOURCES RESEARCH GUIDE
http://guides.temple.edu/statistics-sources

Social Work and Social Issues Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/social-work

Tourism Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/Tourism

Digital Scholarship Discussion Group
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https://digitalscholarshipandscholarlypublication.wordpress.com/


Copyright Research Guide
Copyright, Intellectual Property and Plagiarism Sources
http://guides.temple.edu/copyright-plagiarism

Fair Use
http://guides.temple.edu/fair-use

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html




.

.


Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

.

.

ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CHANGE DECEIT : ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE : CLIMATE CHANGE DENIAL : DISINFORMATION : UNITED STATES: POLITICS: POLITICAL PARTIES: REPUBLICAN PARTY, TEA PARTY : INDUSTRIES: PETROLEUM : LIBERTARIANISM : RACISM : BIGOTRY : EXTREMISM : HATE GROUPS : INTOLERANCE : DONALD TRUMP : BLATANT FALSEHOODS : SERIAL LIARS : REPUBLICAN WAR ON WOMEN : RAPE CULTURE : SEXISM : NEO-NAZIS : KU KLUX KLAN : RELIGION: CHRISTIANS: RELIGIOUS RIGHT : VIOLATIONS OF THE CONSTITUTION : MEDIA SUPPRESSION : LEGAL ISSUES : REPUBLICAN OBAMACARE REPEAL : MEDIA : FREEDOM OF THE PRESS : CENSORSHIP : POLITICS: VOTER SUPPRESSION : DICTATORSHIPS : OLIGARCHIES : FAKE NEWS: Trump Makes Major Change to US Climate Change Narrative

David P. Dillard
 

.

.


.

.


INTERNET PRIVACY AND SECURITY :

ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CHANGE DECEIT :

ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE : CLIMATE CHANGE DENIAL :

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UNITED STATES: POLITICS: POLITICAL PARTIES: REPUBLICAN PARTY, TEA PARTY :

INDUSTRIES: PETROLEUM :

LIBERTARIANISM :

RACISM :

BIGOTRY :

EXTREMISM :

HATE GROUPS :

INTOLERANCE :

DONALD TRUMP :

BLATANT FALSEHOODS :

SERIAL LIARS :

REPUBLICAN WAR ON WOMEN :

RAPE CULTURE :

SEXISM :

NEO-NAZIS :

KU KLUX KLAN :

RELIGION: CHRISTIANS: RELIGIOUS RIGHT :

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MEDIA SUPPRESSION :

LEGAL ISSUES :

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MEDIA :

FREEDOM OF THE PRESS :

CENSORSHIP :

POLITICS: VOTER SUPPRESSION :

DICTATORSHIPS :

OLIGARCHIES :

FAKE NEWS:

Trump Makes Major Change to US Climate Change Narrative

.

.


Trump Makes Major Change to US Climate Change Narrative

Matt McGrath

28 March 2017

BBC News

http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-39419074

.

.


"This is, I think, one of the most historic attacks on climate and environmental action that the US has ever seen," said Liz Perera from the Sierra Club.

.

Her words are certain to cheer Trump supporters everywhere.
Green "job-killing" regulations limiting energy production have long been a red rag for Donald Trump, as candidate and President.

.

His new energy independence executive order seeks to radically change the US narrative on climate change, its causes and its importance. The best way of fighting global warming according to the new outline is to create prosperity. Environmental regulation should be about air and water. CO2, in this light, is your friend.

.

Supporters believe that cutting back Obama climate regulations will create thousands of jobs in the newly liberated oil and gas industries.
His opponents agree the new order will be a job creator - but they'll be jobs for lawyers, not in the coal fields.

Front and centre is practical action on the Clean Power Plan (CPP), the Obama project to cut fossil fuels from electricity production. Although it has long been tied up in the courts, the CPP will be left to fester there while the new administration comes up with a much weaker replacement.
"Undoing the rule will not be straightforward," said Prof Bruce Huber, from the Notre Dame law school.

.

"For the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to reverse course, it will have to propose a new rule, with all the lengthy procedures that entails. When President George W Bush tried to reverse course on some of President Clinton's signature environmental regulations, those efforts took years and were not entirely successful."

.

In terms of coal, the new executive order will allow the Department of the Interior to lift a moratorium on the sale of new coal leases on federal lands. However, boosting coal as a source of energy, and jobs, will be very difficult.



Many coal plants have shut down not because of Obama's carbon restrictions but because of mercury pollution associated with burning the fuel. Thanks to fracking, cheap natural gas has soared as a source of power generation, and renewables are taking an every bigger share.

.

Former State department climate adviser Andrew Light now works for the World Resources Institute. Both of his grandfathers were coal miners.
"They were paid by the tonne for the coal they pulled out of the ground, but those jobs are gone, and technology has moved beyond that and I hope it's the case that voters in the coal states will recognise that their jobs aren't magically coming back because of this executive order," he told BBC News.

.

President Obama sought to put consideration of climate change at the heart of all government policy - but by revising the social cost of carbon measure and encouraging an immediate government review of all rules that inhibit energy production, President Trump is signalling a change in the widely held philosophy that CO2 is the enemy, the main driver of climate change.

.

While rolling back Obama era ideas like the role of climate change in national security, or how climate change should be considered in relation to the National Environmental Policy Act, the Trump plan does not directly attack the key finding on which much of America's carbon restrictions are based.

.

Back in 2007, the US Supreme Court ruled that carbon dioxide gas was a pollutant under the Clean Air Act.

.

In response, the EPA ruled in 2009 that CO2 and other gases were responsible for contributing to climate change which results in a threat to the public health and welfare of current and future generations.
This "endangerment finding" compels the federal government to regulate emissions of CO2. And according to some environmentalists, this finding is the solid rock that Trump's plans will be dashed against.


.

.

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

.

.



Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
https://groups.io/g/Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Temple University and Google Sites Research Guides
AND Discussion Group Directory
http://tinyurl.com/ngda2hk

OR

https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/

FAKE NEWS
https://sites.google.com/site/fakenewsresearchguide/

RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers

EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide

INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships

HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide

DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557

INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.io/g/indoor-gardening

Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/

K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

STATISTICS SOURCES RESEARCH GUIDE
http://guides.temple.edu/statistics-sources

Social Work and Social Issues Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/social-work

Tourism Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/Tourism

Digital Scholarship Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/DigitalScholarship/threads
https://listserv.temple.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A0=DIGITAL-SCHOLARSHIP
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/digital-scholarship/info
https://digitalscholarshipandscholarlypublication.wordpress.com/


Copyright Research Guide
Copyright, Intellectual Property and Plagiarism Sources
http://guides.temple.edu/copyright-plagiarism

Fair Use
http://guides.temple.edu/fair-use

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html



.

.


Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

.

.

ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CHANGE DECEIT : ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE : CLIMATE CHANGE DENIAL : DISINFORMATION : UNITED STATES: POLITICS: POLITICAL PARTIES: REPUBLICAN PARTY, TEA PARTY : INDUSTRIES: PETROLEUM : LIBERTARIANISM : RACISM : BIGOTRY : EXTREMISM : HATE GROUPS : INTOLERANCE : DONALD TRUMP : BLATANT FALSEHOODS : SERIAL LIARS : REPUBLICAN WAR ON WOMEN : RAPE CULTURE : SEXISM : NEO-NAZIS : KU KLUX KLAN : RELIGION: CHRISTIANS: RELIGIOUS RIGHT : VIOLATIONS OF THE CONSTITUTION : MEDIA SUPPRESSION : LEGAL ISSUES : REPUBLICAN OBAMACARE REPEAL : MEDIA : FREEDOM OF THE PRESS : CENSORSHIP : POLITICS: VOTER SUPPRESSION : DICTATORSHIPS : OLIGARCHIES : FAKE NEWS: Every Insane Thing Donald Trump Has Said About Global Warming

David P. Dillard
 

.

.


.

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Every Insane Thing Donald Trump Has Said About Global Warming


.

.


Every Insane Thing Donald Trump Has Said About Global Warming

Well, most of them, anyway!

JEREMY SCHULMAN

December 5, 2016 7:00 AM

Mother Jones

http://www.motherjones.com/environment/2016/11/trump-climate-timeline

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.


Donald Trump has a lot of things to say about global warming. He's called it an urgent problem, and he's called it a hoax. He's claimed it's a scam invented by the Chinese, and he's denied that he ever said that. He's promised to "cancel" the historic Paris climate agreement, and he's said he still has an "open mind" on the matter.

.

Some environmental activists pointed to Trump's unpredictable statements as evidence that he might not follow through on his campaign pledges to dismantle the Obama administration's climate legacy. But just weeks after the 2016 election, one of his top aides assured Americans that Trump still believes climate science is mostly "bunk." And now Trump has signed an executive order rolling back key Obama-era limits on greenhouse gas emissions.

.

For those keeping score at home, here's a timeline of the Donald's thoughts and actions on global warming. We'll update it from time to time.

.

12/6/09 letter

Trump signs a letter calling for urgent climate action. As Grist reported in 2016, Trump and three of his children signed a 2009 letter to President Barack Obama calling for a global climate deal. "We support your effort to ensure meaningful and effective measures to control climate change, an immediate challenge facing the United States and the world today," declared the letter, which was signed by dozens of business leaders and published as an ad in the New York Times. "If we fail to act now, it is scientifically irrefutable that there will be catastrophic and irreversible consequences for humanity and our planet."

.

2/14/10

Trump changes his mind, says Gore should be stripped of Nobel Prize because it's cold outside. According to the New York Post, Trump had changed his tune by early 2010, telling an audience at one of his golf clubs, "With the coldest winter ever recorded, with snow setting record levels up and down the coast, the Nobel committee should take the Nobel Prize back from Al GoreGore wants us to clean up our factories and plants in order to protect us from global warming, when China and other countries couldn't care less. It would make us totally noncompetitive in the manufacturing world, and China, Japan and India are laughing at America's stupidity." (He would later say he was joking about the Nobel Prize being rescinded.)

.

2/16/10

Trump claims scientists admitted global warming is a "con." Around this time, Trump caught wind of the so-called "ClimateGate scandal," in which climate deniers wrongly claimed a trove of hacked emails showed that scientists had conspired to fabricate evidence of global warming. Trump said (inaccurately) on Fox News that there was an email "sent a couple months ago by one of the leaders of global warming, the initiativealmost sayingI guess they're saying it's a con." He added that "in Washington, where I'm building a big development, nobody can move because we have 48 inches of snow."

.

11/6/12
"The concept of global warming was created by and for the Chinese."

Donald J. Trump ? @realDonaldTrump

The concept of global warming was created by and for the Chinese in order to make U.S. manufacturing non-competitive.
2:15 PM - 6 Nov 2012


.

.

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

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David Dillard
Temple University
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David P. Dillard
 

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FAKE NEWS:

Dan Rather Sees Trump's Presidency Spiraling Downward
With No Hope of Recovery


.

.



Dan Rather Sees Trump's Presidency Spiraling Downward
With No Hope of Recovery

"There seems to be no ballast of seriousness or sober mindedness to right the ship."

By Brad Reed

Raw Story

March 31, 2017

Alert Net

http://www.alternet.org/news-amp-politics/dan-rather-sees-trumps-
presidency-spiraling-downward-no-hope-recovery?akid=15376.317869
.s0j5r-&rd=1&src=newsletter1074791&t=13

.

A shorter URL for the above link:

.

http://tinyurl.com/mrux2uw

.

.


Longtime CBS News anchor Dan Rather has seen presidencies spiral downward before but hes never seen a rapid implosion happen quite as quickly as the one now enveloping the Trump White House.

.

Looking back on his days covering President Lyndon Johnson during the Vietnam War and Richard Nixon during Watergate, Rather said that hes seen what happens when external events start to overtake an administrations ability to shape them and its not pretty.

.

Paranoia mounts, he writes. And a presidency can quickly spiral out of control.

.

What makes Trumps presidency different from Johnsons or Nixons, he writes, is that both of those presidents had the experience and the professional staffs to help them stabilize crisis situations.

.

Trump, in contrast, seems to have no ability to restrain himself, and he doesnt have any influences capable of righting the ship.



.

.

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

.

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Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

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DRUG ALCOHOL AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE: RESEARCH : ADOLESCENTS: HEALTH : FAMILY THERAPY : RESEARCH ARTICLES : COUNSELING : THERAPIES : TREATMENTS : INTERVENIIONS : META-ANALYSIS : SYSTEMATIC REVIEWS: The Comparative Effectiveness of Outpatient Treatment for Adolescent Substance Abuse: A Meta-Analysis

David P. Dillard
 

















.

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DRUG ALCOHOL AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE: RESEARCH : 

ADOLESCENTS: HEALTH : 

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The Comparative Effectiveness of Outpatient Treatment for Adolescent Substance Abuse: A Meta-Analysis  

.

.




Tanner-Smith E.E., Wilson S.J., Lipsey M.W. 

Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment: 2013, 44, p. 145–158.







.

.





KEY POINTS FROM SUMMARY AND COMMENTARY


Studies included in the analysis were required to involve an identifiable non-residential treatment 
for substance use problems for patients aged between 12 and 20.


Generally the substance use outcomes of the various distinct treatment types represented
in the studies did not significantly differ.


The exception was family therapies, which returned the most convincing and consistent evidence 

of comparative effectiveness, but even here the evidence was too limited to support definitive conclusions.



.

.


SUMMARY Causes and consequences of substance use disorders may differ for adolescents and adults.
One implication is that evidence on the effectiveness of treatment for adolescents should be based on research
conducted with adolescents, not inferred from research with adults. To this end, the featured review amalgamated
findings from research on young people aged 12–20 to assess the relative effectiveness of different non-residential
substance use treatments for young people.

.

The only relatively comprehensive previous review with a similar remit was limited to trials which randomly allocated
patients to different treatments or no treatment, and analysis of treatment differences was limited to cognitive-behavioural
therapy and two forms of family therapy.

 

Instead, the featured analysis aimed to analyse all treatment modalities represented in all the available studies capable
of providing useful information about comparative treatment effects. It included not just randomised trials, but also
non-randomised studies (though in the event there were few) which took steps to eliminate or adjust for pre-existing
difference between participants allocated to different treatments or to treatment versus no treatment.

 

Studies included in the analysis were required to involve an identifiable non-residential treatment for substance use problems
for patients aged between 12 and 20 who met diagnostic criteria for substance abuse or dependence. Restriction to
non-residential was to avoid the differences in participants, treatment modalities, and treatment intensity between these and
residential programmes. Studies had to have been reported in English in 1980 or after. Comparisons of very similar treatments
were not included in the analyses.

 

An extensive attempt was made to extract data about research methods, outcome measures, and sample and treatment
characteristics which might have affected outcomes and to adjust for these in the analysis. New techniques were used to
amalgamate data on the multiple outcomes reported in many of the studies.

 

An extensive literature search found 45 published and unpublished studies reported from 1981 to 2008, nearly all of which had
randomly allocated participants to (usually) alternative approaches or (less commonly) to treatment versus no treatment.
Because some studies evaluated several treatments, the 45 studies yielded 73 different comparisons between treatments, or
between treatment versus no treatment. Outcomes related to alcohol were most commonly reported followed by mixed substance
use and cannabis. Nearly half the samples included youngsters with clinical levels of psychiatric comorbidity and most participants
had some arrest or police-contact history. On average their substance use was of moderate severity. Treatment duration averaged
about 10 weeks, during which patients were seen on average about twice a week. The follow-up assessment was on average just
over five months after the pre-treatment assessment, ranging up to four years.

 

.

.


Article Contents

*

SUMMARY 



Main findings

Additional to no treatment at all, the types of treatment compared in the studies were categorised as either:
behavioural therapies such as contingency management based on the principles of rewards, punishment, and
reinforcement; cognitive-behavioural therapies; family therapies; generic counselling in a group, individual or
family format which does not fall in other clearly defined categories; approaches based on motivational interviewing 
including motivational enhancement therapy, which develops motivational principles into a self-contained,
manualised treatment programme; combined motivational and cognitive-behavioural strategies; psychoeducation
involving teaching clients about substance use and substance-related issues; pharmacological therapies;
skills training (eg, in relaxation) which does not fall in another clearly defined category; and practice as usual.

Findings based on post-treatment assessments


Findings based on post-treatment assessments


Findings based on before v. after treatment assessments

The authors’ conclusions


COMMENTARY 

Evidence was limited

European trial

Researcher’s allegiance to the approach might have affected results

Do family therapies warrant the extra costs?

Reserve for most severe cases?



Top 10 most closely related documents on this site. For more try a subject or free text search

REVIEW 2014 Interventions to reduce substance misuse among vulnerable young people

STUDY 2009 Multidimensional Family Therapy for young adolescent substance abuse: twelve-month outcomes of a randomized controlled trial

STUDY 2009 Therapist behavior as a predictor of black and white caregiver responsiveness in multisystemic therapy

STUDY 2011 Using a cross-study design to assess the efficacy of motivational enhancement therapy-cognitive behavioral therapy 5
(MET/CBT5) in treating adolescents with cannabis-related disorders

REVIEW 2011 Alcohol-use disorders: diagnosis, assessment and management of harmful drinking and alcohol dependence

REVIEW 2011 A meta-analysis of interventions to reduce adolescent cannabis use

MATRIX CELL 2013 Drug Matrix cell A4: Interventions; Psychosocial therapies

REVIEW 2011 Adapting psychotherapy to the individual patient: Stages of change

REVIEW 2011 Evidence-based therapy relationships: research conclusions and clinical practices

MATRIX CELL 2013 Drug Matrix cell B4: Practitioners; Psychosocial therapies


.

 

.


 

WEBBIB1617

 

http://tinyurl.com/gtdzaq3



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Sincerely,

David Dillard

Temple University

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HEALTH CARE REFORM : UNITED STATES: POLITICS: POLITICAL PARTIES: REPUBLICAN PARTY, TEA PARTY: Koch Network Pledges to Defend Republicans Who Vote Against GOP Health Bill

David P. Dillard
 

.

.


HEALTH CARE REFORM:

UNITED STATES: POLITICS: POLITICAL PARTIES: REPUBLICAN PARTY, TEA PARTY:

Koch Network Pledges to Defend Republicans
Who Vote Against GOP Health Bill

.

.


Koch Network Pledges to Defend Republicans
Who Vote Against GOP Health Bill

Two Koch groups are starting a 'seven-figure' reserve fund to protect bill opponents from political harm.

By KEVIN ROBILLARD

03/22/17 08:00 PM EDT

Politico

http://www.politico.com/story/2017/03/ koch-brothers-obamacare-house-republicans-236389

.

A shorter URL for the above link:

.

http://tinyurl.com/kveuowo

.

.


The Koch brothers' network of well-funded outside groups says it will spend millions to protect Republicans who oppose the party's health care bill from political fallout.

.

Americans for Prosperity and Freedom Partners, the Koch network's big budget grass-roots activism and advertising groups, are teaming up to create a "seven-figure" reserve fund to support lawmakers who buck President Donald Trump and House Speaker Paul Ryan on the health care vote, as the threat of primaries looms over some opponents of the bill. The Koch groups will spend the money on paid media, direct mail and grass-roots canvassing.

.

Freedom Partners called the GOP bill "Obamacare 2.0" and said it falls short of truly repealing the 2010 law.

.

Republicans have been promising to fully repeal Obamacare since it became law. This bill doesnt do that," said James Davis, executive vice president of Freedom Partners. "We will stand with lawmakers who keep their promise and oppose this legislation and work toward a solution that reduces costs and provides Americans with the relief they need and deserve.

.

The move provides political cover for members of the House Freedom Caucus and other conservatives who want to vote against the bill. Trump allies have threatened to try and unseat Republicans who vote against the president's agenda, and Trump himself said he was "coming after" House Freedom Caucus chair Mark Meadows during a meeting on Tuesday.

.

Americans for Prosperity has already begun a digital ad campaign thanking House members who have said they plan on voting against the bill.

.

.

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

.

.




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

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Copyright Research Guide
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Fair Use
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Blog
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Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
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INDOOR GARDENING
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HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
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http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html

TRANSPORTATION: SUBWAY: DISASTERS : COUNTRIES: RUSSIA: Bomb in St. Petersburg Subway, Killing 11, Sets a City on Edge

David P. Dillard
 

.

.


TRANSPORTATION: SUBWAY: DISASTERS :

COUNTRIES: RUSSIA:

Bomb in St. Petersburg Subway, Killing 11, Sets a City on Edge

.

.


Bomb in St. Petersburg Subway, Killing 11, Sets a City on Edge

By Andrew Roth and David Filipov

April 3, 2017 at 6:32 PM

Washington Post

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/
major-blast-rocks-metro-station-in-st-petersburg/
2017/04/03/7ff73ef2-1865-11e7-8003-f55b4c1cfae2_story.html

.

A shorter URL for the above link:

.

http://tinyurl.com/mlqp782

.

.


ST. PETERSBURG A blast that ripped through a train as it traveled between two central subway stations in Russias second-largest city on Monday killed at least 11 people, injured at least 30 and panicked the heart of one of the worlds most renowned urban centers.

.

It also cut across the fault lines of a country grappling with its first signs of political upheaval in years. Some are calling for increased security measures; others warned of an impending crackdown.

.

Authorities launched a terrorism investigation that centered on a single bomber who left an explosive device at one central station before boarding a train and detonating a second device. But officials gave no immediate confirmation of details on the identity of the bomber or any suspected affiliation in the blast, and no one claimed responsibility.

.

About 11 p.m., Russian President Vladimir Putin made a public, if carefully guarded, appearance and placed a bouquet of roses at the subway station where the train came to a halt after the blast. Above ground, children placed roses and tea-light candles at a makeshift memorial outside Sennaya Ploshchad station, the busy central interchange from which the train departed before the bomb went off.

.

Some of Putins opponents expressed concern that the Kremlin might use the attack as an excuse to curtail a nascent movement that brought tens of thousands of people into the streets eight days earlier to protest official corruption.


.

.

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

.

.




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
https://groups.io/g/Net-Gold
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OR

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Copyright Research Guide
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Fair Use
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Blog
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Temple University Site Map
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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
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HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html






.

.


Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
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The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
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Temple University Listserv Alert :
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.

.

TRANSPORTATION: SUBWAY: DISASTERS : SUICIDE BOMBERS : TERRORISM : COUNTRIES: RUSSIA: St Petersburg Metro Bombing 'Possibly a Suicide Attack'

David P. Dillard
 

.

.


TRANSPORTATION: SUBWAY: DISASTERS :

SUICIDE BOMBERS :

TERRORISM :

COUNTRIES: RUSSIA:

St Petersburg Metro Bombing 'Possibly a Suicide Attack'

.

.


St Petersburg Metro Bombing 'Possibly a Suicide Attack'

BBC News

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-39486640

.

.


The St Petersburg metro explosion was caused by a bomb that was possibly detonated by a man whose body parts were found on the train, Russia's state investigative committee has said.

.

Fourteen people died and 49 were injured in the explosion between two underground stations on Monday.

.

The Russian committee said it had identified the suspect but declined to name him.

.

Earlier, Kyrgyzstan's security service named him as Akbarzhon Jalilov.
Bomber 'from Kyrgyzstan'

.

What we know so far

.

It said he was born in the Kyrgyz second city of Osh in 1995 and had obtained Russian citizenship.

.

In a statement, the Russian state investigative committee said: "It has been ascertained that an explosive device could have been detonated by a man, fragments of whose body were found in the third carriage of the train.

.

"The man has been identified but his identity will not be disclosed for now in the interests of the investigation."
No group has said it was responsible for the bombing.

.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, at a meeting with his Kyrgyz counterpart Erlan Abdyldayev on Tuesday, said the attack "once again shows the importance of stepping up joint efforts to combat this evil".

.

Authorities in St Petersburg have declared three days of mourning.
Russian Health Minister Veronika Skvortsova said the death toll had risen from 11 to 14 after three people died in hospital.

.

President Vladimir Putin, who was in St Petersburg - his home city - when the blast occurred, visited the scene on Monday evening and laid flowers at a makeshift shrine.

.

Shifting tactics - Abdujalil Abdurasulov, BBC Russia and Central Asia analyst

.

Several thousand fighters from Central Asia have joined militants in Syria and Iraq. They are often recruited from among migrant workers in Russia, who are particularly vulnerable to propaganda because of the injustice and abuse they face.

.

As part of shifting tactics, militants reportedly appeal to new recruits to support the "cause" at "home" as an alternative to joining the battlefront in Syria or Iraq.

.

The birthplace of the suspected bomber is reported to be Osh, Kyrgyzstan. Although this city is in the Fergana valley, where the role of Islam is particularly strong, it should not be perceived as a source of a growing "Islamic threat".

.

Islam in Central Asia is far more secular than in most parts of the Muslim world. Although the influence of the religion is certainly increasing, this is often mistakenly seen as a sign of the growing threat of violent radicalism, which effectively puts an equals sign between Islam and danger.



.

.

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

.

.



Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
https://groups.io/g/Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
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Temple University and Google Sites Research Guides
AND Discussion Group Directory
http://tinyurl.com/ngda2hk

OR

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FAKE NEWS
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RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
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EMPLOYMENT
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DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
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INDOOR GARDENING
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Educator-Gold
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Copyright Research Guide
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Fair Use
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Blog
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Articles by David Dillard
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Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
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Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
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SPORT-MED
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http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
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HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html






.

.


Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
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.

.

Our Dishonest President

David P. Dillard
 

.

.


Our Dishonest President

By THE TIMES EDITORIAL BOARD

APRIL 2, 2017

Los Angeles Times

http://www.latimes.com/projects/la-ed-our-dishonest-president/

.

.


It was no secret during the campaign that Donald Trump was a narcissist and a demagogue who used fear and dishonesty to appeal to the worst in American voters. The Times called him unprepared and unsuited for the job he was seeking, and said his election would be a catastrophe.

.

Still, nothing prepared us for the magnitude of this train wreck. Like millions of other Americans, we clung to a slim hope that the new president would turn out to be all noise and bluster, or that the people around him in the White House would act as a check on his worst instincts, or that he would be sobered and transformed by the awesome responsibilities of office.

.

Instead, seventy-some days in and with about 1,400 to go before his term is completed it is increasingly clear that those hopes were misplaced.

.

In a matter of weeks, President Trump has taken dozens of real-life steps that, if they are not reversed, will rip families apart, foul rivers and pollute the air, intensify the calamitous effects of climate change and profoundly weaken the system of American public education for all.

.

His attempt to de-insure millions of people who had finally received healthcare coverage and, along the way, enact a massive transfer of wealth from the poor to the rich has been put on hold for the moment. But he is proceeding with his efforts to defang the governments regulatory agencies and bloat the Pentagons budget even as he supposedly retreats from the global stage.

.

It is impossible to know where his presidency will lead or how much damage he will do to our nation.

.

These are immensely dangerous developments which threaten to weaken this countrys moral standing in the world, imperil the planet and reverse years of slow but steady gains by marginalized or impoverished Americans. But, chilling as they are, these radically wrongheaded policy choices are not, in fact, the most frightening aspect of the Trump presidency.

.

What is most worrisome about Trump is Trump himself. He is a man so unpredictable, so reckless, so petulant, so full of blind self-regard, so untethered to reality that it is impossible to know where his presidency will lead or how much damage he will do to our nation. His obsession with his own fame, wealth and success, his determination to vanquish enemies real and imagined, his craving for adulation these traits were, of course, at the very heart of his scorched-earth outsider campaign; indeed, some of them helped get him elected. But in a real presidency in which he wields unimaginable power, they are nothing short of disastrous.

.

snip

.

Additional Related Articles in This Series on Donald Trump

.

Part I

Our Dishonest President

http://www.latimes.com/projects/la-ed-our-dishonest-president/

*

Part II

Why Trump Lies

http://www.latimes.com/projects/la-ed-why-trump-lies/


Part III

Trump's Authoritarian Vision

http://www.latimes.com/projects/la-ed-trumps-authoritarian-vision/



.

.

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

.

.





Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
https://groups.io/g/Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
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OR

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FAKE NEWS
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Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
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INDOOR GARDENING
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HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html






.

.

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
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Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
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.

.

ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CHANGE DECEIT : ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE : CLIMATE CHANGE DENIAL : DISINFORMATION : UNITED STATES: POLITICS: POLITICAL PARTIES: REPUBLICAN PARTY, TEA PARTY : INDUSTRIES: PETROLEUM : LIBERTARIANISM : RACISM : BIGOTRY : EXTREMISM : HATE GROUPS : INTOLERANCE : DONALD TRUMP : BLATANT FALSEHOODS : SERIAL LIARS : REPUBLICAN WAR ON WOMEN : RAPE CULTURE : SEXISM : NEO-NAZIS : KU KLUX KLAN : RELIGION: CHRISTIANS: RELIGIOUS RIGHT : VIOLATIONS OF THE CONSTITUTION : MEDIA SUPPRESSION : LEGAL ISSUES : REPUBLICAN OBAMACARE REPEAL : MEDIA : FREEDOM OF THE PRESS : CENSORSHIP : POLITICS: VOTER SUPPRESSION : DICTATORSHIPS : OLIGARCHIES : FAKE NEWS: Trump Removes Stephen Bannon From National Security Council Post

David P. Dillard
 

.

.


ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CHANGE DECEIT :

ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE : CLIMATE CHANGE DENIAL :

DISINFORMATION :

UNITED STATES: POLITICS: POLITICAL PARTIES: REPUBLICAN PARTY, TEA PARTY :

INDUSTRIES: PETROLEUM :

LIBERTARIANISM :

RACISM :

BIGOTRY :

EXTREMISM :

HATE GROUPS :

INTOLERANCE :

DONALD TRUMP :

BLATANT FALSEHOODS :

SERIAL LIARS :

REPUBLICAN WAR ON WOMEN :

RAPE CULTURE :

SEXISM :

NEO-NAZIS :

KU KLUX KLAN :

RELIGION: CHRISTIANS: RELIGIOUS RIGHT :

VIOLATIONS OF THE CONSTITUTION :

MEDIA SUPPRESSION :

LEGAL ISSUES :

REPUBLICAN OBAMACARE REPEAL :

MEDIA :

FREEDOM OF THE PRESS :

CENSORSHIP :

POLITICS: VOTER SUPPRESSION :

DICTATORSHIPS :

OLIGARCHIES :

FAKE NEWS:

Trump Removes Stephen Bannon From National Security Council Post

.

.


Trump Removes Stephen Bannon From National Security Council Post

PETER BAKER, MAGGIE HABERMAN and GLENN THRUSH

APRIL 5, 2017

New York Times

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/04/05/us/politics/national-security-council-stephen-bannon.html

.

A shorter URL for the above link:

.

http://tinyurl.com/kld6cjk

.

.


WASHINGTON For the first 10 weeks of President Trumps administration, no adviser loomed larger in the public imagination than Stephen K. Bannon, the raw and rumpled former chairman of Breitbart News who considers himself a virulently anti-establishment revolutionary out to destroy the administrative state.

.

But behind the scenes, White House officials said, the ideologist who enjoyed the presidents confidence became increasingly embattled as other advisers, including Mr. Trumps daughter and son-in-law, complained about setbacks on health care and immigration. Lately, Mr. Bannon has been conspicuously absent from some meetings. And now he has lost his seat at the national security table.

.

In a move that was widely seen as a sign of changing fortunes, Mr. Trump removed Mr. Bannon, his chief strategist, from the National Security Councils cabinet-level principals committee on Wednesday. The shift was orchestrated by Lt. Gen. H. R. McMaster, Mr. Trumps national security adviser, who insisted on purging a political adviser from the Situation Room where decisions about war and peace are made.

.

Mr. Bannon resisted the move, even threatening at one point to quit if it went forward, according to a White House official who, like others, insisted on anonymity to discuss internal deliberations. Mr. Bannons camp denied that he had threatened to resign and spent the day spreading the word that the shift was a natural evolution, not a signal of any diminution of his outsize influence.

.

His allies said privately that Mr. Bannon had been put on the principals committee to keep an eye on Mr. Trumps first national security adviser, Michael T. Flynn, a retired three-star general who lasted just 24 days before being forced out for misleading Vice President Mike Pence and other White House officials about what he had discussed with Russias ambassador. With Mr. Flynn gone, these allies said, there was no need for Mr. Bannon to remain, but they noted that he had kept his security clearance.





.

.

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

.

.





Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
https://groups.io/g/Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
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OR

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FAKE NEWS
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RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
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DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
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Educator-Gold
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K12ADMINLIFE
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PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
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https://digitalscholarshipandscholarlypublication.wordpress.com/


Copyright Research Guide
Copyright, Intellectual Property and Plagiarism Sources
http://guides.temple.edu/copyright-plagiarism

Fair Use
http://guides.temple.edu/fair-use

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html







.

.


Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

.

.

DATABASES: FEATURES : DATABASES: NAMED DATABASES: GOOGLE SCHOLAR : FACULTY CREDENTIALING : PUBLICATION PROFILES: SPECIFIC PERSONS: Google Scholar Publication Lists for Specific Scholars and College Faculty Members

David P. Dillard
 




.

.


DATABASES: FEATURES : 

DATABASES: NAMED DATABASES: 

GOOGLE SCHOLAR : 

FACULTY CREDENTIALING :  

PUBLICATION PROFILES: SPECIFIC PERSONS: 

Google Scholar Publication Lists for Specific Scholars and College Faculty Members

.

.


Google Scholar Publication Lists for Specific Scholars and College Faculty Members

Sample Publication Profile


.

.

This feature of Google Scholar takes presentation of academic works to the level of tracking publications of 
those covered by this feature to the level of individual college faculty and other publishing scholars.  This resource
will help individuals with these profiles to provide lists of publications for resumes, curriculum vitaes, promotion 
merit and tenure applications and so forth.

Here is an example of such a document from Google Scholar



Citation indicesAllSince 2012
Citations266242
h-index77
i10-index77

Dr Mark Stone
Senior Lecturer in Exercise Physiology, Bucks New University
Verified email at bucks.ac.uk


Title1–8Cited byYear

Effects of deception on exercise performance: implications for determinants of fatigue in humans
M Stone, K Thomas, M Wilkinson, A Jones, A St Clair Gibson, ...
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 44 (3), 534-541
612012

A pilot investigation into the effect of maca supplementation on physical activity and sexual desire in sportsmen
M Stone, A Ibarra, M Roller, A Zangara, E Stevenson
Journal of ethnopharmacology 126 (3), 574-576
572009

Consistency of perceptual and metabolic responses to a laboratory-based simulated 4,000-m cycling time trial
MR Stone, K Thomas, M Wilkinson, ASC Gibson, KG Thompson
European journal of applied physiology 111 (8), 1807-1813
512011

Reproducibility of pacing strategy during simulated 20-km cycling time trials in well-trained cyclists
K Thomas, MR Stone, KG Thompson, ASC Gibson, L Ansley
European journal of applied physiology 112 (1), 223-229
342012

Central and peripheral fatigue in male cyclists after 4-, 20-, and 40-km time trials
K Thomas, S Goodall, M Stone, G Howatson, ASC Gibson, L Ansley
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 47 (3), 537-546
302015

The effect of self-even-and variable-pacing strategies on the physiological and perceptual response to cycling
K Thomas, MR Stone, KG Thompson, ASC Gibson, L Ansley
European journal of applied physiology 112 (8), 3069-3078
222012

The effect of an even-pacing strategy on exercise tolerance in well-trained cyclists
K Thomas, M Stone, ASC Gibson, K Thompson, L Ansley
European journal of applied physiology 113 (12), 3001-3010
102013

Asymmetry of Cerebral Hemodynamic Response to Incremental Cycling Exercise
MR Stone, ASC Gibson, KG Thompson
International journal of sports physiology and performance 11 (2), 273-275
12016


Using Google Scholar as part of the credentialing tools employed may find publications not listed in Scopus
or Web of Science as very specific criteria are employed in those two commercial fee based databases that 
will cause some publications to not be listed. Also, colleges with restricted library budgets may not be able 
to lease expensive databases like Scopus and Web of Science.

.

.


Related Research Guides 


*

ORCID "Connecting Research and Researchers" 

http://guides.temple.edu/orcid   


*  

RESEARCH PAPERS: How to Write a Research Paper 

http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers


*

RESUMES: Employment Guide Series:
Websites and Books That Provide Guidance for Resume Wrting


http://guides.temple.edu/resumes      


*

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY: How to Write an Annotated Bibliography



*


LITERATURE REVIEW: How to Create a Literature Review 

http://guides.temple.edu/literature-review     
 


*

META ANALYSIS AND SYSTEMATIC REVIEW:
How to Create a Meta Analyis and a Systematic Review

http://guides.temple.edu/Meta-Analysis      


*


*



Sincerely,

David Dillard

Temple University

(215) 204 - 4584

jwne@...

http://workface.com/e/daviddillard


Net-Gold

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold

http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html

https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives

http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

General Internet & Print Resources

http://tinyurl.com/pwyg37u

COUNTRIES

http://tinyurl.com/p7s2z4u

EMPLOYMENT

http://tinyurl.com/oxa9w52

TOURISM

http://tinyurl.com/pnla2o9

DISABILITIES

http://tinyurl.com/pl7gorq

INDOOR GARDENING

https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info

Educator-Gold

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/

K12ADMINLIFE

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

The Russell Conwell Learning Center Research Guide:

THE COLLEGE LEARNING CENTER

http://tinyurl.com/obcj6rf

Information Literacy

http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn


Research Guides

https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold

http://tinyurl.com/36qd2o

and also at

http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/


Twitter: davidpdillard


Temple University Site Map

https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home


Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),

Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,

Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.

Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay

David P. Dillard

http://tinyurl.com/p63whl


RailTram Discussion Group

From the Union Pacific to BritRail and Beyond

https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/railtram/info  


INDOOR GARDENING

Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success

https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info


SPORT-MED

https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/

http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html


HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM

https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info

http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html





.


.


Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU 

in search results for Net-Gold and related lists. 

The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has 

been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664

http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145

Temple University Listserv Alert :

Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives

https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/


.


.






[webdev] Web Design Update: April 6, 2017

David P. Dillard
 

.



Date: Thu, 6 Apr 2017 06:29:39 -0500
From: Laura Carlson <lcarlson@d.umn.edu>
To: webdev <webdev@d.umn.edu>
Subject: [webdev] Web Design Update: April 6, 2017



+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE.



- Volume 15, Issue 41, April 6, 2017.




An email newsletter to distribute news and information about web
design and development.




++ISSUE 41 CONTENTS.




SECTION ONE: New references.



What's new at the Web Design Reference site?


http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/



New links in these categories:




01: ACCESSIBILITY.

02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.

03: EVALUATION & TESTING.

04: EVENTS.

05: JAVASCRIPT.

06: MISCELLANEOUS.

07: TOOLS.

08: TYPOGRAPHY.

09: USABILITY.




SECTION TWO:



10: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?



[Contents ends.]




++ SECTION ONE: New references.




+01: ACCESSIBILITY.



Demystifying Accessible Name

By Joe Watkins.

"In this post, Joe Watkins talks about accessible name-what it is, how
to apply it, and why it's such an integral tool in the accessibility
toolkit..."

http://simplyaccessible.com/article/accessible-name/



Form Errors Screen Readers Can Access

By Greg Genovese.

"Form submission errors are a common problem on the web..."

https://cantina.co/form-errors-screen-readers-can-access/



Implementing Accessible Workplace Tech: PDF Accessibility (Video)

By Gian Wild and Rob Haverty.

"...Topics include how to handle issues such as an existing archive of
untagged PDFs on a website..."

http://www.peatworks.org/content/webinars/2017/03/PDFs



Transcript: Ask the UXperts: Accessible Design: which everyone do you
mean? - with Derek Featherstone

By Sarah Hawk.

"...If you're interested in seeing what we discussed, or you want to
revisit your own questions, here is a full transcript of the chat..."

http://uxmastery.com/transcript-ask-uxperts-accessible-design-everyone-mean-derek-featherstone/



Web Accessibility, Where To Start? (Video)

By Rian Rietveld.

"You want to learn how to build an accessible website or plugin and
have no idea what is important or where to start? In this talk Rian
will explain the most important issues and where to get help and
documentation..."

http://wordpress.tv/2016/12/12/rian-rietveld-web-accessibility-where-to-start/



Website Accessibility Under the ADA, A New Federal Court Ruling Helps Banks

By Robert P. Beckham.

"Since late last year, many banks in California, New York and
Pennsylvania have received demand letters from two law firms that
claim the websites of those banks violate Title III of the Americans
with Disabilities Act (ADA)..."

https://blogs.duanemorris.com/bankinglaw/2017/04/03/website-accessibility-under-the-ada-a-new-federal-court-ruling-helps-banks/



Judge Dismisses ADA Website Lawsuit

By Marty Orlick.

"Marty Orlick reports why a recent U.S. District Court decision may
affect the future of ADA website litigation, and urges hoteliers to
ensure their websites are accessible."

https://www.hotelnewsresource.com/article93874.html




+02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.




Grid is All About the Container

By Rachel Andrew.

"I've been at Render Conference in Oxford with my first conference
presentation on Grid, since it shipped into browsers this month. A
short talk, I decided to deal with the most frequently asked of
frequently asked questions..."

https://www.rachelandrew.co.uk/archives/2017/03/31/grid-is-all-about-the-container/



Does CSS Grid Replace Flexbox?

By Robin Rendle.

"No. Well. Mostly No..."

https://css-tricks.com/css-grid-replace-flexbox/



Questioning Container Queries

By Brad Frost.

"I think what Paul Robert Lloyd is saying here is interesting, but I'm
not sure it adds up to 'we don't need container queries'..."

http://bradfrost.com/blog/link/questioning-container-queries/



The Invisible Parts of CSS

By Mike Riethmuller.

"If you use CSS in your daily work, your primary goal is probably
focused around making things 'look right'. How this is achieved is
often far less important than the end result. This means we care less
about how CSS works than the correct syntax and visual results..."

https://madebymike.com.au/writing/the-invisible-parts-of-CSS/



CSS Viewport Units: A Quick Start

By Asha Laxmi.

"It has been a few years since viewport units were first introduced in
CSS. They are truly responsive length units in the sense that their
value changes every time the browser resizes. If you have heard about
these units before but never learned about them in detail, this
article can help you out..."

https://www.sitepoint.com/css-viewport-units-quick-start/




+03: EVALUATION & TESTING.




Using A/B Testing to Drive Constructive Conflict with Stakeholders

By Luke Smith.

"...Good ideas benefit from scrutiny, and quick A/B experiments help
get people get in the habit of asking tough questions. The answers
lead to better tactical decisions, and help drive a culture of healthy
debate."

http://uxmastery.com/using-ab-testing-to-drive-constructive-conflict-with-stakeholders/



10 Measurement Resources For UX Designers

By Jeff Sauro.

"Here is a list of articles we've written that can serve as a starting
point when you need to measure your designs..."

https://measuringu.com/measure-design/




+04: EVENTS.



DRES IT Accessibility Badging Program

April-May 2017.

Online

http://disability.illinois.edu/academic-support/accessible-it-group/badging



PHP Unicorn Conference

May 4, 2017.

Online

http://www.phpunicorn.com/



Old versus New: Original Section 508 Standards (2000) compared to the

Revised Section 508 Standards (2017)

May 30, 2017.

Webinar.


https://www.accessibilityonline.org/cioc-508/session/?id=110613



Inclusive Design 24 (#ID24)

June 9, 2017.

Online.

http://www.inclusivedesign24.org/



CSS-Day

June 15-16, 2017.

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

https://cssday.nl/2017



eduWeb Digital Summit

August 7-10, 2017.

Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.

http://www.eduwebdigitalsummit.com/





+05: JAVASCRIPT.




Back to Basics: JavaScript Operators, Conditionals and Functions

By Tania Rascia.

"...In this article, we will go over some of the most important basic
concepts of JavaScript that will allow you to start writing your own
programs: operators, conditional statements, and functions..."

https://www.sitepoint.com/javascript-operators-conditionals-functions/




+06: MISCELLANEOUS.




Web Inventor Sir Tim Berners-Lee Slams UK and US Net Plans

By Rory Cellan-Jones.

"The web's creator has attacked any UK plans to weaken encryption and
promised to battle any moves by the Trump administration to weaken net
neutrality..."

http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-39490324



Debate Rages Over Controversial Copyright Standard for the Web

By Matt Reynolds.

"It's a fight for the future of the web..."

https://www.newscientist.com/article/2126513-debate-rages-over-controversial-copyright-standard-for-the-web/




+07: TOOLS.



Accessible Email Checker

By Maarten Lierop and Jordie van Rijn.

"It is the mission of Accessible-email.org to promote email marketing
accessibility and usability. In that be the voice of users and the
email marketing community..."

http://www.accessible-email.org/



SweetAlert2

By Limon Monte.

"A beautiful, customizable, accessible (WAI-ARIA) replacement for
JavaScript's popup boxes..."

https://limonte.github.io/sweetalert2/




+08: TYPOGRAPHY.



Rems and Ems, and Why You Probably Don't Need Them

By David Gilbertson.

"You may have heard that when defining the size of things in your
website, you should be using em or rem units, rather than good old
fashioned pixels..."

https://hackernoon.com/rems-and-ems-and-why-you-probably-dont-need-them-664b9ce1e09f




+09: USABILITY.



Is Usability a Science?

By Philip Hodgson.

"Recently, Todd Zazelenchuk, David Travis and I met up at our
favourite watering hole in Staffordshire. As is often the case we
stumbled into a discussion about usability, this time mulling over the
question of whether usability is or is not a science..."

http://www.userfocus.co.uk/articles/is-usability-a-science.html



[Section one ends.]




++ SECTION TWO:



+10: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?



Accessibility Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/accessibility.html



Association Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/associations.html



Book Listings.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/books.html



Cascading Style Sheets Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/css.html



Color Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/color.html



Drupal Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/drupal.html



Evaluation & Testing Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/testing.html



Event Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/events.html



HTML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/html.html



Information Architecture Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/architecture.html



JavaScript Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/javascript.html



Miscellaneous Web Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/misc.html



Navigation Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/navigation.html



PHP Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/php.html



Sites & Blogs Listing.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/sites.html



Standards, Guidelines & Pattern Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/standards.html



Tool Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/tools.html



Typography Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/type.html



Usability Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/usability.html



XML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/xml.html



[Section two ends.]




++END NOTES.




+ SUBSCRIPTION INFO.



WEB DESIGN UPDATE is available by subscription. For information on how
to subscribe and unsubscribe please visit:


http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/webdev_listserv.html


The Web Design Reference Site also has a RSS 2.0 feed for site updates.




+ TEXT EMAIL NEWSLETTER (TEN).



As a navigation aid for screen readers we do our best to conform to
the accessible Text Email Newsletter (TEN) guidelines. Please let me
know if there is anything else we can do to make navigation easier.
For TEN guideline information please visit:

http://www.headstar.com/ten




+ SIGN OFF.



Until next time,



Laura L. Carlson

Information Technology Systems and Services

University of Minnesota Duluth

Duluth, MN U.S.A. 55812-3009

mailto:lcarlson@d.umn.edu





[Issue ends.]




.



.

BULLYING : CYBER BULLYING : HARASSMENT : SOCIAL MEDIA : SUICIDE : CHILDREN: 11-Year-Old Boy's Suicide a Result of Cruel "Social Media Prank," Mom Says

David P. Dillard
 

.

.


BULLYING :

CYBERBULLYING :

HARASSMENT :

SOCIAL MEDIA :

SUICIDE :

CHILDREN:

11-Year-Old Boy's Suicide a Result of
Cruel "Social Media Prank," Mom Says

.

.


11-Year-Old Boy's Suicide a Result of
Cruel "Social Media Prank," Mom Says

JENNIFER EARL

CBS NEWS

April 6, 2017, 5:45 PM

http://www.cbsnews.com/news/ mom-says-social-media-prank-led-to-11-year-old-sons-suicide/

.

A shorter URL for the above link:

.

http://tinyurl.com/m3qt6cd

.

.



A mother is speaking out about the tragic death of her 11-year-old son, who, she says, decided to end his own life as a result of a cruel social media prank.

.

The boy, Tysen Benz of Marquette, Michigan, died Tuesday at the University of Michigan Hospital in Ann Arbor after spending three weeks on life support following a suicide attempt on March 14.

.

His mom, Katrina Goss, told CBS News on Thursday that her son was manipulated and pranked by a 13-year-old girl, who is not being identified because shes a minor.

.

She told him she was going to kill herself and used other friends social media accounts to put forth further fake proof that she did so, Goss claims. He even said he was going to kill himself and she didnt make any attempt to call me or someone else to try to stop him. [His death] should never have happened.

.

Now the heartbroken mom is speaking out so both children and adults understand the potential danger of social media.

.

Please monitor all of your childrens technological device usage, Goss said as a plea to parents. It is not an invasion of privacy. It is imperative to know what they are doing and to whom they are socializing with.



.

.

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

.

.




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
https://groups.io/g/Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Temple University and Google Sites Research Guides
AND Discussion Group Directory
http://tinyurl.com/ngda2hk

OR

https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/

FAKE NEWS
https://sites.google.com/site/fakenewsresearchguide/

RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers

EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide

INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships

HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide

DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557

INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.io/g/indoor-gardening

Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/

K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

STATISTICS SOURCES RESEARCH GUIDE
http://guides.temple.edu/statistics-sources

Social Work and Social Issues Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/social-work

Tourism Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/Tourism

Digital Scholarship Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/DigitalScholarship/threads
https://listserv.temple.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A0=DIGITAL-SCHOLARSHIP
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/digital-scholarship/info
https://digitalscholarshipandscholarlypublication.wordpress.com/


Copyright Research Guide
Copyright, Intellectual Property and Plagiarism Sources
http://guides.temple.edu/copyright-plagiarism

Fair Use
http://guides.temple.edu/fair-use

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html






.

.


Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

.

.

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY: How to Write an Annotated Bibliography: How to Write an Annotated Bibliography : Important Sources Related to Annotated Bibliographies

David P. Dillard
 


.

.

  

  

[Net-Gold] INTERNET BROWSERS:
GOOGLE CHROME :
RESEARCH ARTICLES :
JOURNALS: SCHOLARLY :
APPS :
FREE PUBLICATIONS:
Unpaywall

http://tinyurl.com/mybrtun


*

https://sites.google.com/site/annotatedbibliographyguide/home


*

LIBRARY SCIENCE :
INFORMATION SCIENCE :
INFORMATION LITERACY :
DICTIONARIES :
GLOSSARIES :
WEBLIOGRAPHIES :
BIBLIOGRAPHIES:
Library and Information Science and Information Literacy Terminology
and Jargon Dictionaries and Glossaries

http://tinyurl.com/jbv6bjq


*

RESOURCE LISTS :
RESEARCH GUIDES :
SUBJECT GUIDES :
EVIDENCE BASED :
SOURCE EVALUATION :
BIBLIOGRAPHIES :
WEBLIOGRAPHIES :
DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS:
Sources Providing Guidance, Guidelines, Lists and Database Search Results
for Evaluating the Quality of Research Sources

http://tinyurl.com/gw6vx8a


*

https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/

*

http://tinyurl.com/zzt9vqw


*

[DigitalScholarship]
STATISTICS :
RESEARCH GUIDES :
INSTRUCTIONS:
How to Use the United States Government Agency Section of the Statistics Resources
Research Guide for Statistical Data Sources on Specific Topic Searches

http://tinyurl.com/zochf49


*

This message provides examples of internet based guides to the searching platforms and the
database search structure found in the search tools of various databanks
(companies that lease or sell access to bibliographic databases).

Libraries pay a huge sum of money to purchase databases. It would make sense to use guides
to teach database skills or point students to sources that teach them. Proquest, for example,
provides a number of Libguides that are free on the web and teach some skills and techniques
that are promoted for getting the best results from their databases. In your guides, appropriate
Proquest Libguide(s) may be listed under the entries for Proquest databases.

Resources teaching the syntax, structure, and instruction in best practices for searching
databases from Google, EbscoHost, Proquest, Ovid and PubMed are included in this Webliography.

http://tinyurl.com/hetn592


*

[Educator-Gold]
TERM PAPER MILLS :
RESEARCH PAPER MILLS:
Writing Research Papers is Hard Work :
Why Not Let a Term Paper Mill Write the Paper For You :
Google Scholar Can Help You Find One
Posted on February 10, 2017 by jwneastro

http://tinyurl.com/jkspd3b



*

 

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WEBBIB1617

 

http://tinyurl.com/gtdzaq3



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Sincerely,

David Dillard

Temple University

(215) 204 - 4584

jwne@...

http://workface.com/e/daviddillard


Net-Gold

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold

http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html

https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives

http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

General Internet & Print Resources

http://tinyurl.com/pwyg37u

COUNTRIES

http://tinyurl.com/p7s2z4u

EMPLOYMENT

http://tinyurl.com/oxa9w52

TOURISM

http://tinyurl.com/pnla2o9

DISABILITIES

http://tinyurl.com/pl7gorq

INDOOR GARDENING

https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info

Educator-Gold

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/

K12ADMINLIFE

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

The Russell Conwell Learning Center Research Guide:

THE COLLEGE LEARNING CENTER

http://tinyurl.com/obcj6rf

Information Literacy

http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn


Research Guides

https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold

http://tinyurl.com/36qd2o

and also at

http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/


Twitter: davidpdillard


Temple University Site Map

https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home


Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),

Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,

Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.

Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay

David P. Dillard

http://tinyurl.com/p63whl


RailTram Discussion Group

From the Union Pacific to BritRail and Beyond

https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/railtram/info  


INDOOR GARDENING

Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success

https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info


SPORT-MED

https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/

http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html


HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM

https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info

http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html






SPORTS: MEDICINE : SPORTS INJURIES : MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: CONCUSSIONS : PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS: Exercise Following a Sport Induced Concussion

David P. Dillard
 

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SPORTS: MEDICINE :

SPORTS INJURIES :

MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: CONCUSSIONS :

PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS:

Exercise Following a Sport Induced Concussion

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Exercise Following a Sport Induced Concussion

B Gall, W S Parkhouse, D Goodman

Gall, B., W. S. Parkhouse, and D. Goodman.
"Exercise following a sport induced concussion."
British journal of sports medicine 38, no. 6 (2004): 773-777.

http://tinyurl.com/lc2hdc2

.

Selected Sources Citing This Article

.

Leddy, John J., Karl Kozlowski, James P. Donnelly,
David R. Pendergast, Leonard H. Epstein, and Barry Willer.
"A preliminary study of subsymptom threshold exercise training
for refractory post-concussion syndrome." Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine 20, no. 1 (2010): 21-27.

.

Len, Trevor K., J. Patrick Neary, G. J. Asmundson,
David G. Goodman, Bruce Bjornson, and Yagesh N. Bhambhani.
"Cerebrovascular reactivity impairment after sport-induced concussion."
Med Sci Sports Exerc 43, no. 12 (2011): 2241-8.

.

Leddy, John J., Karl Kozlowski, Michael Fung,
David R. Pendergast, and Barry Willer.
"Regulatory and autoregulatory physiological dysfunction as a primary characteristic of post concussion syndrome: implications
for treatment."
NeuroRehabilitation 22, no. 3 (2007): 199-205.

.

Davis, Gavin A., G. L. Iverson, Kevin M. Guskiewicz, A. Ptito,
and K. M. Johnston.
"Contributions of neuroimaging, balance testing, electrophysiology
and blood markers to the assessment of sport-related concussion."
British Journal of Sports Medicine 43, no. Suppl 1 (2009): i36-i45.

.

Len, T. K., and J. P. Neary.
"Cerebrovascular pathophysiology following mild traumatic brain injury." Clinical physiology and functional imaging 31, no. 2 (2011): 85-93.

.

Kissick, James, and Karen M. Johnston.
"Return to play after concussion: principles and practice."
Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine 15, no. 6 (2005): 426-431.

.

Leddy, John J., Harkeet Sandhu, Vikram Sodhi, John G. Baker, and Barry Willer.
"Rehabilitation of concussion and post-concussion syndrome." Sports health 4, no. 2 (2012): 147-154.

.

Leddy, John J., Harkeet Sandhu, Vikram Sodhi,
John G. Baker, and Barry Willer.
"Rehabilitation of concussion and post-concussion syndrome." Sports health 4, no. 2 (2012): 147-154.

.

Leddy, John J., and Barry Willer.
"Use of graded exercise testing in concussion
and return-to-activity management."
Current sports medicine reports 12, no. 6 (2013): 370-376.

.

Marshall, Cameron M.
"Sports-related concussion: A narrative review of the literature."
J Can Chiropr Assoc 56, no. 4 (2012): 299-310.



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WEBBIB1617

http://tinyurl.com/gtdzaq3


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Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
https://groups.io/g/Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Temple University and Google Sites Research Guides
AND Discussion Group Directory
http://tinyurl.com/ngda2hk

OR

https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/

FAKE NEWS
https://sites.google.com/site/fakenewsresearchguide/

RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers

EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide

INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships

HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide

DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557

INDOOR GARDENING
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Educator-Gold
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K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

STATISTICS SOURCES RESEARCH GUIDE
http://guides.temple.edu/statistics-sources

Social Work and Social Issues Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/social-work

Tourism Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/Tourism

Digital Scholarship Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/DigitalScholarship/threads
https://listserv.temple.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A0=DIGITAL-SCHOLARSHIP
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/digital-scholarship/info
https://digitalscholarshipandscholarlypublication.wordpress.com/


Copyright Research Guide
Copyright, Intellectual Property and Plagiarism Sources
http://guides.temple.edu/copyright-plagiarism

Fair Use
http://guides.temple.edu/fair-use

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html



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.


Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

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