Date   
UNITED STATES: POLITICS: POLITICAL PARTIES: REPUBLICAN PARTY, TEA PARTY : INDUSTRIES: PETROLEUM : LIBERTARIANISM : POLITICS: ELECTIONS AND ELECTION CAMPAIGNS : MINORITIES : IMMIGRATION AND IMMIGRANTS : RACISM : DISCRIMINATION : HATE: Will GOP's Efforts To Reach Out To Hispanics Survive These Primaries?

David P. Dillard
 

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UNITED STATES: POLITICS: POLITICAL PARTIES: REPUBLICAN PARTY, TEA PARTY :

INDUSTRIES: PETROLEUM :

LIBERTARIANISM :

POLITICS: ELECTIONS AND ELECTION CAMPAIGNS :

MINORITIES :

IMMIGRATION AND IMMIGRANTS :

RACISM :

DISCRIMINATION :

HATE:

Will GOP's Efforts To Reach Out To Hispanics Survive These Primaries?

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Will GOP's Efforts To Reach Out To Hispanics Survive These Primaries?

August 22, 2015 7:29 AM ET

Don Gonyea

NPR

http://www.npr.org/sections/itsallpolitics/2015/08/22/433621593/
will-gops-efforts-to-reach-out-to-hispanics-survive-these- primaries?ft=nprml&f=

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A shorter URL for the above link:

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http://tinyurl.com/nk66fwb

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Immigration has taken over the 2016 Republican presidential race. See, for instance, Donald Trump's position paper that included a call to deport those in the country illegally and to challenge the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution the one that says anyone born in the United States is an American citizen.

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The nature of the debate threatens to undermine an effort by the Republican Party to reach out to Hispanic voters this election. It's worth recalling though, that such heated rhetoric on the topic of securing the borders is nothing new in GOP presidential politics.

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Back in 2007, Rep. Tom Tancredo pinned his entire candidacy on cracking down on illegal immigration. In one television ad, he made the connection between illegal immigrants and terrorists blowing up shopping malls.

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"I'm Tom Tancredo and I approve this message because someone needs to say it," the spot begins.

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It then says that "illegal aliens" stealing U.S. jobs aren't the only reason to worry about the immigration system. On the screen you see a shadowy person putting something suspicious into a backpack. Then, that pack is left next to a bench in a crowded mall. The announcer intones that "the price we pay for spineless politicians who refuse to protect our borders from those who come to kill."

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An explosion is heard, and on screen words appear "Tancredo ... before it's too late."

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snip

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It was again a very big topic for Republicans four years later. That year, businessman and presidential hopeful Herman Cain called for building a wall nothing unusual there but upped the ante by saying he'd add a moat filled with alligators on the U.S. side of the border.

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And the eventual nominee Mitt Romney triggered controversy when, at a Republican primary debate, said "the answer is self-deportation," explaining that "people decide they can do better by going home because they can't find work here." That phrase self-deportation would be used against Romney during the general election, and he won just 27 percent of the Hispanic vote.

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The GOP will need to do far better than that next year if it hopes to take back the White House.

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snip

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The party aggressively increased its outreach and presence in Hispanic communities, but those efforts are endangered by this year's primary campaign.

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First, there was Donald Trump's declaration that Mexico sends rapists and criminals across the border. Then, this week, he released his first major policy paper on the topic of immigration calling to eliminate birthright citizenship

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At his first town hall in New Hampshire a few days ago, he followed up by linking troubles in U.S. cities to illegal immigration.

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The complete article may be read at the URL above.

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Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
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SAME SEX MARRIAGE : LAW: CASE: DECISIONS : UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: COURTS: SUPREME COURT: Supreme Court Says Kentucky Clerk Must Let Gay Couples Marry

David P. Dillard
 

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SAME SEX MARRIAGE :

LAW: CASE: DECISIONS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: COURTS: SUPREME COURT:

Supreme Court Says Kentucky Clerk Must Let Gay Couples Marry

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Supreme Court Says Kentucky Clerk Must Let Gay Couples Marry

By ADAM LIPTAK

August 31, 2015

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/01/us/supreme-court-says-
kentucky-clerk-must-let-gay-couples-marry.html

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

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http://tinyurl.com/ouhk9tg

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WASHINGTON The Supreme Court on Monday refused to allow a county clerk in Kentucky who objects to same-sex marriage on religious grounds to continue to deny marriage licenses to all couples, gay or straight.

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In June, in Obergefell v. Hodges, the Supreme Court established a nationwide constitutional right to same-sex marriage. The new case from Kentucky, Davis v. Miller, was the courts first opportunity to consider whether government officials may refuse to comply with the Obergefell decision on religious grounds.

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The case concerns Kim Davis, an elected clerk in rural Rowan County, Ky. After the states governor told county clerks to issue marriage licenses to all eligible couples, a federal court rejected Ms. Daviss argument that she should be excused from the obligation given her religious beliefs.

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snip

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In August, Judge David L. Bunning of Federal District Court in Ashland, Ky., temporarily barred Ms. Davis from applying her no marriage licenses policy to future marriage license requests submitted by four couples, two same-sex and two opposite-sex, who had sued Ms. Davis.

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The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..



Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

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Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
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MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: CONCUSSIONS : MOTION: PICTURES: DOCUMENTARIES : ORGANIZATIONS: NATIONAL FOOTBALL LEAGUE : SPORTS: FOOTBALL: PROFESSIONAL : MOTION PICTURES: EXPOSES: Will Smith's New Movie "Concussion" Terrifies the NFL. Here's the Trailer.

David P. Dillard
 

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..


MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: CONCUSSIONS :

MOTION: PICTURES: DOCUMENTARIES :

ORGANIZATIONS: NATIONAL FOOTBALL LEAGUE (NFL) :

SPORTS: FOOTBALL: PROFESSIONAL :

MOTION PICTURES: EXPOSES:

Will Smith's New Movie "Concussion" Terrifies the NFL.
Here's the Trailer.

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Will Smith's New Movie "Concussion" Terrifies the NFL.
Here's the Trailer.

Updated by Joseph Stromberg

August 31, 2015, 4:53 p.m. ET

Vox

http://www.vox.com/2015/8/31/9232191/will-smith-concussion-movie-trailer

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The NFL's concussion crisis is about to hit the big screen. Today, the football site MMQB debuted the trailer for a film titled simply Concussion, due out Christmas Day.

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It stars Will Smith as Bennet Omalu, the real Pittsburgh forensic pathologist who first discovered a neurodegenerative disease called chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) in the brains of football players. CTE is the result of repeated brain trauma over time and causes depression, dementia, and other behavioral changes.

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Omalu's 2002 finding and the subsequent discovery of CTE in dozens of deceased football players has transformed the football world, leading many to question whether football can ever be a truly safe sport.

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snip

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For nearly a century, doctors knew that boxers who were repeatedly punched in the head could develop symptoms of severe brain damage, eventually leading to dementia. But it wasn't until Omalu examined the brain of former Pittsburgh Steeler Mike Webster (who'd suffered from severe depression and dementia before dying from a heart attack at age 50) that anyone suspected the same thing could happen to football players.

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When Omalu cut slices from Webster's brain and looked at them under a microscope, he was surprised to see tangled proteins and other characteristic signs of CTE. A year later, Omalu examined the brain of Terry Long another Steelers legend, who'd killed himself at age 45 by drinking antifreeze and saw the same picture. "This stuff should not be in the brain of a 45-year-old man," Omalu later said. "This looks more like a 90-year-old brain with advanced Alzheimer's."

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snip

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The NFL tried to cover up Omalu's discovery

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For years, though, the NFL tried its best to hide the evidence about football and brain trauma.

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The league established a committee to examine the long-term effects of concussions on players health, but it released findings that were deeply inconsistent with those of other neurologists. Among other things, the committee called concussions "minor injuries," told players there was no problem with a concussed player returning to a game, and declared there were no long-term health issues associated with the injuries. Independent researchers sharply criticized these statements.

..

snip

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In 2009 after Congress grilled NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell during hearings the league abruptly changed course, finally acknowledging the problem. It's since made some rule changes to reduce the number of players' concussions, put new protocols in place to make sure concussed players are properly diagnosed, and donated money for concussion and CTE research.

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

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Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
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MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: CONCUSSIONS : ORGANIZATIONS: NATIONAL FOOTBALL LEAGUE (NFL) : SPORTS: FOOTBALL: PROFESSIONAL: Here's What We Know about Football, Concussions, and the Brain

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: CONCUSSIONS :

ORGANIZATIONS: NATIONAL FOOTBALL LEAGUE (NFL) :

SPORTS: FOOTBALL: PROFESSIONAL:

Here's What We Know about Football, Concussions, and the Brain

..

..


Here's What We Know about Football, Concussions, and the Brain

Updated by Joseph Stromberg

September 5, 2014, 9:00 a.m. ET

Vox

http://www.vox.com/2014/9/5/6106851/nfl-football-concussions

..

..


The NFL's concussion crisis has now been going on long enough that it's easy to get lost in it.

..

But though the science may be complex, the basic picture is relatively simple.

..

In recent years, scientists have discovered that the repeated blows to the head suffered by many football players can cause long-term behavioral changes, dementia, and depression, as part of a disease called CTE. At least 50 deceased players have been diagnosed with CTE so far, and an unknown number are living with it.

..

After years of ignoring the issue, the NFL is now trying to do something about it, changing the rules to minimize the most violent blows to the head. But it's unclear whether they'll be able to eliminate CTE from a fundamentally violent game.

..

Here's everything you need to know to get up to speed.

..

Repeated concussions lead to long-term brain problems a disease called CTE

..

Over the past decade or so, several prominent former NFL players have committed suicide after suffering from years of emotional and memory problems. When doctors examined their brains afterward, they found evidence of a long-term disease called chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE.

..

For nearly a century, doctors knew the disease could occur in boxers who were repeatedly punched in the head (they called it "punch drunk"), but awareness that football players were also susceptible came slowly. In 2002, Mike Webster a former Pittsburgh Steelers player who suffered from depression and dementia before dying from a heart attack at age 50 was diagnosed, becoming the first former NFL player confirmed to have it.

..

Although the symptoms may appear during a patients lifetime, a definitive diagnosis can only be made after death, when doctors have the chance to examine the brain and look for telltale signs of the disease. In postmortem exams, heavy depositions of a protein called tau in the brain are one sign of CTE.

..

snip

..

Most players diagnosed with CTE played for many years and suffered multiple concussions, but that's not always the case: in 2010, a 21 year-old University of Pennsylvania football player named Owen Thomas killed himself and was found to have early stages of CTE, making him the one of the youngest cases diagnosed so far.

..

Athletes in other sports have also been found to have CTE, including Derek Boogaard, an NHL hockey player with a particularly violent playing style who died from a drug overdose at the age of 28. Some soldiers whove been exposed to explosions and suffered brain trauma have also been found to suffer from it.

..

snip

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The league also settled a class-action suit filed by thousands of former players, offering $765 million to compensate those suffering from dementia or depression related to blows to the head. But some players are appealing the settlement, saying they weren't properly represented and there are undue restrictions on retired players seeking compensation under its terms.

..

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..



Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
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Twitter: davidpdillard

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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

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Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
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CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE : POLICE BRUTALITY : UNITED STATES: POLITICS: POLITICAL PARTIES: REPUBLICAN PARTY, TEA PARTY : INDUSTRIES: PETROLEUM : LIBERTARIANISM : POLITICS: ELECTIONS AND ELECTION CAMPAIGNS : MINORITIES: Trump, in Tennessee, Downplays Police Brutality, Promises to Get Rid of Gangs

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE :

POLICE BRUTALITY :

UNITED STATES: POLITICS: POLITICAL PARTIES: REPUBLICAN PARTY, TEA PARTY :

INDUSTRIES: PETROLEUM :

LIBERTARIANISM :

POLITICS: ELECTIONS AND ELECTION CAMPAIGNS :

MINORITIES:

Trump,in Tennessee, Downplays Police Brutality,
Promises to Get Rid of Gangs

..

..


Trump,in Tennessee, Downplays Police Brutality,
Promises to Get Rid of Gangs

By James Hohmann

August 29, 2015

Washington Post

http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/post-politics/wp/
2015/08/29/trump-in-tennessee-downplays-police-brutality-
promises-to-get-rid-of-gangs/

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/ns5zx7x

..

..


NASHVILLE Sharpening his pitch to what he calls the silent majority, Donald Trump presented himself Saturday as the law and order candidate in the 2016 presidential race, pledging to get rid of gangs and give more power to police officers.

..

Speaking to the National Federation of Republican Assemblies for more than an hour, in the heart of a Southern city where student sit-ins helped launch the 1960s-era civil rights movement, the Republican complained that cops are afraid to be tough in the face of more scrutiny over their tactics.

..

I know cities where police are afraid to even talk to people because they want to be able to retire and have their pension, he said. They dont want to be pulled off the police forces. And then you wonder whats wrong with our cities. We need a whole new mind-set.

..

Trump zeroed in on Aprils riots in Baltimore, which erupted after the funeral of Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old African-American who died of severe injury to the spine while in police custody.

..

That first night in Baltimore, they allowed that city to be destroyed, he said. They set it back 35 years in one night because the police werent allowed to protect people. We need law and order!

..

Six officers have been charged in connection with Grays death. The first hearing in the case is scheduled for Wednesday. Authorities have been preparing for additional unrest in the city.

..

Trump described gang members in cities like Baltimore and Chicago as tough dudes. But he said that he had just met a group of Nashville police officers outside his event, and that they are tough cookies.

..

Were going to get rid of those gang members so fast your head will spin, he said, not elaborating on specifics. One of the first things Im going to do is get rid of those gang members.

..

snip


..

The New York businessman nodded only minimally to concerns about police brutality. He left unmentioned the deaths of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Mo., Eric Garner on Staten Island or Walter Scott in North Charleston, S.C.

..

In Trumps view, 99.9 percent of what the police do is good. Youre going to have some bad apples, he said. Its disgusting and its horrible, but thats such a tiny percentage. The problem is the good work doesnt get shown on television.

..

This brought loud cheers from a conservative crowd of about a thousand inside Rocketown, a music venue owned by Christian artist Michael W. Smith.


..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
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Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
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..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
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been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
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..

..

HERITAGE TOURISM : HISTORY TOURISM : CULTURAL TOURISM : MUSEUM TOURISM : TOURISM HISTORY : DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS : DATABASES : WEBLIGRAPHIES: Databases for Research in Heritage Tourism History Tourism Cultural Tourism Museum Tourism and the History of Tourism

David P. Dillard
 



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HERITAGE TOURISM :

 

HISTORY TOURISM :

 

CULTURAL TOURISM :

 

MUSEUM TOURISM :

 

TOURISM HISTORY :

 

DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

 

DATABASES : WEBLIGRAPHIES: 

 

Databases for Research in Heritage Tourism, History Tourism, Cultural Tourism,

Museum Tourism and the History of Tourism

 

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WEBBIB1516

 

http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy

 

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.

 

Databases for Research in Heritage Tourism, History Tourism, Cultural Tourism,

Museum Tourism and the History of Tourism

 

.

 

.

 

 

CAB Abstracts

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR "Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 3,833 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=lah%2Cldh

 

.

 

ABI/INFORM Complete

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR "Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 1,592 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/abicomplete?accountid=14270

 

.

 

Academic Search Premier

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR "Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 1,311 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=aph

 

.

 

Access World News

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR "Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 47,173 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://infoweb.newsbank.com/?db=AWNB

 

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America: History and Life

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR "Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 219 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=ahl

 

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Anthropology Plus

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR "Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 323 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=ant

 

.

 

Art and Architecture Complete

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR "Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 317 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=vth

 

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ARTBibliographies Modern

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR "Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 53 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/artbibliographies?accountid=14270

 

.

 

Arts and Humanities Citation Index

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR "Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 234 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://isiknowledge.com/?DestApp=WOS&editions=AHCI

 

.

 

Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR "Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 239 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/avery?accountid=14270

 

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BIOSIS Citation Index (1994-present)

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 29 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://webofknowledge.com/BCI

 

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Black Historical Newspapers

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 34 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/cv_734626?accountid=14270

 

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Wiley Online Library FORMERLY Blackwell Compass

 

There are 2,127 results for: ("Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR "Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history")

FINDS 2,127 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search/results?scope=publicationTitles&query=compass&publicationTitleFacet=journal

 

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Blackwell Reference Online

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 26 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://www.blackwellreference.com/subscriber/uid=401/?books_by_subject=sub_by_subject

 

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Books24x7

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 27 Sources

 

http://library.temple.edu/node/11309

 

.

 

British Humanities Index (BHI)

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 89 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/bhi?accountid=14270

 

.

 

Business Source Premier

 

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=buh

 

.

 

Business Source Premier

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 746 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=buh

 

.

 

CAB Abstracts

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 1,592 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=lah%2Cldh

 

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Cambridge Journals Online

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 533 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://journals.cambridge.org

 

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Choice Reviews Online

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 48 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://www.cro3.org/

 

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CiteSeer

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 2,873 Sources

 

http://citeseer.ist.psu.edu/

 

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Communication and Mass Media Complete

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 38 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=ufh

 

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Communication Abstracts

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 29 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=cax

 

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Compendex and Inspec IN Engineering Village FROM Elsevier

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 267 Sources

FINDS TITLES LIKE:

Information technology for management and promotion of sustainable cultural tourism

Planners in the face of mining cultural heritage: Tourism development at L'Argentiera, Italy

The potential of cultural heritage tourism to promote sustainable urban development: The case of Tainan city

Urban cultural tourism: creative approaches for heritage-based sustainable development

Quantitative and qualitative dimensions of tourism contribution to regional development in

Romania. the case of cultural tourism
On ecotype urban heritage tourism

Cultural heritage tourism and authenticity: San Antonio missions historic district

Development strategies of Kaifeng city's cultural tourism in the process of Zheng-Bian integration

3D RECONSTRUCTION OF CULTURAL TOURISM ATTRACTIONS FROM INDOOR TO OUTDOOR BASED ON PORTABLE FOUR-CAMERA STEREO VISION SYSTEM

Cultural tourism resources database based on MapGIS

Heritage tourism management in theWorld Heritage Sites, Malaysia: Legal and planning issues

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://www.engineeringvillage.com/controller/servlet/Controller?CID=quickSearch&database=COMPENDEX

 

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Current Contents Connect (1998-present)

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 591 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://webofknowledge.com/CCC

 

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Digitial Public Library of America

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 93 Sources

 

http://dp.la/

 

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Dissertations and Theses (Proquest)

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 379 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/pqdt?accountid=14270

 

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EBSCOHost All Databases

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 13,142 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.asp?profile=web

 

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EconLit

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 121 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/econlit?accountid=14270

 

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Education Journals (Proquest)

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 37 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/education?accountid=14270

 

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Education Source

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 172 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=eue

 

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Emerald Journals

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 524 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://www.emeraldinsight.com

 

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Environment Abstracts

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 72 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/envabstractsmodule?accountid=14270

 

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Environmental Sciences and Pollution Management

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 397 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/espm?accountid=14270

 

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ERIC [via EBSCOhost]

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 25 Sources

 

http://libproxy..temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=eric

 

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Ethnic NewsWatch

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 1,009 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/ethnicnewswatch?accountid=14270

 

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Film and Television Literature Index with Full Text

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 24 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=f3h

 

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Gale Virtual Reference Library

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 47 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://infotrac.galegroup.com/itweb/temple_main?db=GVRL

 

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Garden, Landscape and Horticulture Index

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 47 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=puh

 

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GeoScienceWorld

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 110,949 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://www.geoscienceworld.com

 

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Global Health

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 61 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&MODE=ovid&D=cagz&PAGE=main&NEWS=Y&LOGOUT=http%3A//library.temple.edu/articles/dbfinder

 

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Google Books

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 3,280 Sources

 

http://books.google.com/

 

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Google Scholar

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 14,300 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://scholar.google.com

 

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GreenFILE

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 57 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=8gh

 

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HathiTrust Digital Library

 

Search Results: 1,230 items found for "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR "Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in Full-Text + All Fields

All Items (18,376)

 

http://www.hathitrust.org/

 

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History of Science, Technology and Medicine

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 115 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=htm

 

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Hospitality and Tourism Complete

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 2,406 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=hjh

 

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IngentaConnect

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 276 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://www.ingentaconnect.com

 

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International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 412 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/ibss?accountid=14270

 

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International Bibliography of Theatre and Dance with Full-Text

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 51 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=ibh

 

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International Index to Black Periodicals

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 511 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://iibp.chadwyck.com

 

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International Index to Music Periodicals Full Text

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 39 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/iimp?accountid=14270

 

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International Index to Performing Arts Full Text

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 41 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/iipa?accountid=14270

 

.

 

Journals@OVID

 

(Heritage adj1 Tourism) OR (History adj1 Tourism) OR (Cultural adj1 Tourism) OR (Museum adj1 Tourism) OR (History adj2 Tourism) OR (tourism adj1 history)

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 60 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://gateway.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&MODE=ovid&D=ovft&PAGE=main&NEWS=Y&LOGOUT=http%3A//library.temple.edu/articles/dbfinder

 

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JSTOR

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 109 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://www.jstor.org/action/showBasicSearch

 

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LexisNexis Academic

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS More Than 1,000 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic/

 

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Library and Information Science Abstracts (LISA)

 

(all(Heritage) pre/1 all(Tourism)) OR (all(History) pre/1 all(Tourism)) OR (all(Cultural) pre/1 all(Tourism)) OR (all(Museum) pre/1 all(Tourism)) OR (all(History) pre/2 all(Tourism)) OR (all(tourism) pre/1 all(history))

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 31 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/lisa?accountid=14270

 

.

 

Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts (LLBA)

 

(all(Heritage) pre/1 all(Tourism)) OR (all(History) pre/1 all(Tourism)) OR (all(Cultural) pre/1 all(Tourism)) OR (all(Museum) pre/1 all(Tourism)) OR (all(History) pre/2 all(Tourism)) OR (all(tourism) pre/1 all(history))

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 21 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/llba?accountid=14270

 

.

 

MasterFile Premier

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 922 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=f5h

 

.

 

MLA International Bibliography

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 116 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=mzh

 

.

 

Music and Performing Arts Online

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 109 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://mpaonline.chadwyck.com

 

.

 

Music Index Online

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 32 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=mah

 

.

 

NCBI Bookshelf

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 82 books (174 items)

 

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?db=books

 

.

 

New York Times Full-Text (1980 - present) [via Proquest Newsstand]

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 380 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/publication/11561

 

.

 

New York Times Full-Text / Full-Image (1851-2008) [via Proquest Historical Newspapers]

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 20 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimeswindex?accountid=14270

 

.

 

Ovid Databases

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 288 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://gateway.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&MODE=ovid&PAGE=dblist&NEWS=Y&LOGOUT=http%3A//library.temple..edu/articles/dbfinder

 

.

 

Oxford Art Online

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 42 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://www.oxfordartonline.com

 

.

 

Oxford Handbooks Online

 

A search of in this database of tourism AND (history or heritage or culture or cultural or museum or museums)

FINDS 114 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://www.oxfordhandbooks.com

 

.

 

Oxford Journals Online

 

A search of tourism AND (history or heritage or culture or cultural or museum or museums) in this database

FINDS 4,563 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://www.oxfordjournals.org

 

.

 

Oxford Reference Online

 

A search of tourism AND (history or heritage or culture or cultural or museum or museums) in this database

FINDS 47 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://www.oxfordreference.com/

 

.

 

PAIS International (1915-)

 

A search of (all(Heritage) pre/1 all(Tourism)) OR (all(History) pre/1 all(Tourism)) OR (all(Cultural) pre/1 all(Tourism)) OR (all(Museum) pre/1 all(Tourism)) OR (all(History) pre/2 all(Tourism)) OR (all(tourism) pre/1 all(history)) in this database

FINDS 129 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/pais?accountid=14270

 

.

 

Periodicals Index Online

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 51 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/pio

 

.

 

Physical Education Index

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 182 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/physicaleducation?accountid=14270

 

.

 

Pollution Abstracts

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 11 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/pollution?accountid=14270

 

.

 

Proquest Arts and Humanities Full Text

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 197 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/artshumanities?accountid=14270

 

.

 

Proquest Dissertations and Theses

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 452 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/pqdt?accountid=14270

 

.

 

Proquest Historical Newspapers

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR
"Cultural Tourism" OR "Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism"
OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 1,120 SOURCES

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/cv_701361?accountid=14270

 

.

 

Proquest Newsstand

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR
"Cultural Tourism" OR "Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism"
OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 5,774 SOURCES

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/cv_701359/advanced?accountid=14270

 

.

 

ProQuest Political Science

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR
"Cultural Tourism" OR "Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism"
OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 70 SOURCES

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/politicalscience?accountid=14270

 

.

 

ProQuest Social Science Journals

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR
"Cultural Tourism" OR "Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism"
OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 145 SOURCES

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/socscijournals?accountid=14270

 

.

 

Proquest Sociology

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR
"Cultural Tourism" OR "Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism"
OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 38 SOURCES

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/sociology?accountid=14270

 

.

 

Proquest Statistical Insight

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR
"Cultural Tourism" OR "Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism"
OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 16 SOURCES

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search..proquest.com/statistical

 

.

 

PsycINFO

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR
"Cultural Tourism" OR "Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism"
OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 149 SOURCES

 

http://libproxy..temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=psyh

 

.

 

PubMed

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR
"Cultural Tourism" OR "Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism"
OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 239 SOURCES

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?otool=patemulib

 

.

 

PubMed Central

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR
"Cultural Tourism" OR "Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism"
OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 23 SOURCES

 

http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/

 

.

 

Regional Business News

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 278 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=bwh

 

.

 

Safari Tech Books Online

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 146 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://proquest.safaribooksonline.com/?uicode=templeu

 

.

 

Sage Journals Online

 

A search of Tourism AND (Heritage OR History OR Cultural OR Museum OR Museums) in this database

FINDS 1,328 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://online.sagepub.com

 

.

 

Science Citation Index

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 54 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://isiknowledge.com/?DestApp=WOS&editions=SCI

 

.

 

Science.gov

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 64 Sources

 

http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/results.html

 

.

 

Science Direct

 

A search of Tourism AND (Heritage OR History OR Cultural OR Museum OR Museums) in this database

FINDS 25,956 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://www.sciencedirect.com/

 

.

 

Science Direct Via Google Domain Limited Web Search

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 16,800 Sources

 

http://tinyurl.com/q4lbcu9

 

.

 

Scopus

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 2,316 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://www.scopus.com

 

.

 

Social Sciences Citation Index

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 602 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://isiknowledge.com/?DestApp=WOS&editions=SSCI

 

.

 

Sociological Abstracts

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 408 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/socabs?accountid=14270

 

.

 

SPORTDiscus with Full Text

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR "Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 285 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=ehost&defaultdb=s3h

 

.

 

SpringerLink

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 2,003 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://www.springerlink..com/

 

.

 

Summon (Temple Summon Search)

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 97,682 Sources

 

http://temple.summon.serialssolutions.com/

 

.

 

Sustainability Science Abstracts

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 277 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/ssamodule?accountid=14270

 

.

 

Taylor and Francis Online

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 4,811 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://www.tandfonline.com/

 

.

 

TRID [More Info] Transport Research International Documentation

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 15 Sources

 

http://trid.trb.org/

 

.

 

Wall Street Journal Full-Text (1984 - present) [via ABI/INFORM Complete]

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 48 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/publication/10482

 

.

 

Water Resources Abstracts

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 22 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/waterresources?accountid=14270

 

.

 

Web of Science

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 602 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://isiknowledge.com/wos

 

.

 

Wiley Online Library

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 2,127 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com

 

.

 

WorldCat

 

A search of "Heritage Tourism" OR "History Tourism" OR "Cultural Tourism" OR
"Museum Tourism" OR "History of Tourism" OR "tourism history" in this database

FINDS 11,402 Sources

 

http://libproxy.temple.edu/login?url=http://newfirstsearch.oclc.org/done=referer;fsip;dbname=WorldCat

 

.

 

.

 

WEBBIB1516

 

http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy

 

.

 

.

 


Sincerely,

David Dillard

Temple University

(215) 204 - 4584

jwne@...

http://workface.com/e/daviddillard


Net-Gold

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold

http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html

https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives

http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

General Internet & Print Resources

http://tinyurl.com/pwyg37u

COUNTRIES

http://tinyurl.com/p7s2z4u

EMPLOYMENT

http://tinyurl.com/oxa9w52

TOURISM

http://tinyurl.com/pnla2o9

DISABILITIES

http://tinyurl.com/pl7gorq

INDOOR GARDENING

https://groups.yahoo..com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info

Educator-Gold

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/

K12ADMINLIFE

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

The Russell Conwell Learning Center Research Guide:

THE COLLEGE LEARNING CENTER

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Information Literacy

http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn


Research Guides

https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold

http://tinyurl.com/36qd2o

and also at

http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/


Twitter: davidpdillard


Temple University Site Map

https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home


Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),

Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,

Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.

Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay

David P. Dillard

http://tinyurl.com/p63whl


RailTram Discussion Group

From the Union Pacific to BritRail and Beyond

https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/railtram/info  


INDOOR GARDENING

Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success

https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info


SPORT-MED

https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/

http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html


HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM

https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info

http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html



.


.


Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU

in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.

The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has

been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664

http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145

Temple University Listserv Alert :

Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives

https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/


.


.






CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE : POLICE BRUTALITY : UNITED STATES: STATES: TEXAS: Prosecutor: 2nd Video Emerges Of Deadly Shooting by Texas Deputies

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE :

POLICE BRUTALITY :

UNITED STATES: STATES: TEXAS:

Prosecutor: 2nd Video Emerges Of Deadly Shooting by Texas Deputies

..

..


Prosecutor: 2nd Video Emerges Of Deadly Shooting by Texas Deputies

September 1, 2015

Chicago Tribune

http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/ ct-san-antonio-police-shooting-20150901-story.html

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/pg7e874

..

..


A second video has emerged that gives authorities a "very clear view" of a confrontation between deputies and a Texas man who had his hands raised before he was shot and killed, a prosecutor said Tuesday.

..

Bexar County District Attorney Nico LaHood described the new video and one broadcast earlier as "disturbing," but cautioned against a rush to judgment as authorities investigate the shooting that killed 41-year-old Gilbert Flores northwest of San Antonio.

..

snip

..

"From a lay perspective, seeing the video, it does appear the immediate danger is gone because he had both hands in the air," Henry said. "Now there are other videos and other pieces of evidence that we want to gather." He said the family is considering filing a lawsuit to compel authorities to turn over more evidence.

..

Flores' death is the country's latest law enforcement shooting to draw heavy scrutiny for using deadly force in a situation where it may not have been necessary. Law enforcement officials in the U.S. have expressed concern that the deadly confrontations have spawned retaliatory shootings of officers, including last week's death of a suburban Houston deputy at a gas station.

..

Deputies Greg Vasquez and Robert Sanchez, who were not equipped with body cameras at the time of the encounter, have been placed on administrative leave. Sanchez has worked more than 20 years with the sheriff's office and Vasquez has been with the agency more than 10 years, according to records with the Texas Commission on Law Enforcement. Both had received training in use of force and nonlethal devices.

..

Michelle Lee, a special agent for the FBI in San Antonio, confirmed Tuesday that "experienced civil rights investigators" are monitoring the investigation.

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..





Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
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AND
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RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
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EMPLOYMENT
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INTERNSHIPS
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HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
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K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Copyright Research Guide
Copyright, Intellectual Property and Plagiarism Sources
http://guides.temple.edu/copyright-plagiarism
Fair Use
http://guides.temple.edu/fair-use

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html









..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

CRIME AND CRIMINALS: ATTEMPTED MURDER HOMICIDE : POLICE BRUTALITY : UNITED STATES: STATES: GEORGIA: Georgia Police Shoot Man and Kill His Dog after Responding to Wrong House

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


CRIME AND CRIMINALS: ATTEMPTED MURDER HOMICIDE :

POLICE BRUTALITY :

UNITED STATES: STATES: GEORGIA:

Georgia Police Shoot Man and Kill His Dog after Responding to Wrong House

..

..


Georgia Police Shoot Man and Kill His Dog after Responding to Wrong House

Associated Press in Atlanta

Tuesday 1 September 2015 17.59 EDT

The Guardian

http://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2015/sep/01/ georgia-police-shoot-man-kill-dog-wrong-house

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/o3z22ze

..

..


Police officers who arrived at the wrong metro Atlanta home after a report of suspicious activity shot the man who lives there, killed his dog and likely shot a fellow officer, leaving him seriously wounded, authorities said Tuesday.

..

Christopher McKinley ran bleeding outside where a neighbor heard him asking, Why did they come in my house? Why did they shoot me? Why did they shoot my dog?

..

The incident began when DeKalb County police received a report of a possible burglary at a one-story residence near an intersection in southeast Atlanta. Lacking an exact address, the officers were sent in the dark to a neighborhood where many of the single-story homes look similar.

..

Three officers found a home they thought matched a description provided by a 911 caller, but were unable to make contact with anyone inside, according to a statement from the Georgia Bureau of Investigation. They entered the home through an unlocked rear door and two officers fired their guns at a dog, killing it.

..

McKinley, 36, was also shot in the leg by police, GBI officials said. Officer Travis Jones was shot in the hip and listed in serious condition at Grady Memorial Hospital. The GBI released the names of the two wounded men Tuesday evening.

..

snip

..

Colson told The Associated Press that as she rounded the corner, she saw her wounded neighbor and his wife fleeing their home. McKinleys wife was screaming, Colson said, and he was yelling: They shot me and they shot my dog!

..

Colson said her neighbor had a bullet wound a couple of inches above his right knee.

..

She said she knelt beside him in the yard and used a shirt to staunch the bleeding as he told her what happened.

..

He told me they were in the house watching television when they heard something in the backyard, Colson said. The husband gets up to check, opens the door and he just sees shooting. He gets hit and his dog is dead.

..
She said police never questioned McKinley while she was there helping him.

..

snip

..

In 2006, Atlanta police officers killed a 92-year-old woman during a botched drug raid at her house.

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..





Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
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Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
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..

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Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
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..

..

CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE : POLICE BRUTALITY : UNITED STATES: CITIES: ATLANTA, GEORGIA: Family Seeks Video of Atlanta Police Shooting of Handcuffed Woman

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE :

POLICE BRUTALITY :

UNITED STATES: CITIES: ATLANTA, GEORGIA:

Family Seeks Video of Atlanta Police Shooting of Handcuffed Woman

..

..


Family Seeks Video of Atlanta Police Shooting of Handcuffed Woman

Steve Visser

The Atlanta Journal-Constitution

6:34 p.m. Tuesday, September 1, 2015

http://www.ajc.com/news/news/crime-law/ family-atlanta-cops-hiding-video-of-woman-killed-w/nnWTk/

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/o5lbv6f

..

..


A small crowd gathered Tuesday at Underground Atlanta to demand Police Chief George Turner quit hiding surveillance video of a police shooting that killed a woman last April.

..

Police say Alexia Christian was shot after she opened fire on two officers. Felecia Christian, the womans mother, wants to view the video to see if it supports the Atlanta Police Departments official account.

..

Felecia Christian and supporters criticized Turner for promising a transparent investigation but not releasing any information to the family or public for nearly five months.

..

What is Chief Turner hiding? said Dean Steed, an organizer for the Racial Justice Action Center, an activist group. You have to wonder how long it takes for APD to get its story straight.

..

snip

..

State Sen.Vincent Fort, an activist in police shooting cases. said he believed Turner had delayed turning over the investigation because he hoped the shooting would fade from the public attention.

..

Fort said Tuesday the issue has been whether the police would be transparent enough to build public trust something the chants during the day suggested had not happened.

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..





Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
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Twitter: davidpdillard

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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
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Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
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..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
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..

..

CRIME AND CRIMINALS: ATTEMPTED MURDER HOMICIDE : POLICE BRUTALITY : UNITED STATES: STATES: SOUTH CAROLINA : LAW CASES: Zachary Hammond Family Asks Supreme Court to Act in Seneca Police-Shooting Case

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


CRIME AND CRIMINALS: ATTEMPTED MURDER HOMICIDE :

POLICE BRUTALITY :

UNITED STATES: STATES: SOUTH CAROLINA :

LAW CASES:

Zachary Hammond Family Asks Supreme Court
to Act in Seneca Police-Shooting Case

..

..


Zachary Hammond Family Asks Supreme Court
to Act in Seneca Police-Shooting Case

Ron Barnett

5:49 p.m. EDT September 1, 2015

Greenville Online

http://www.greenvilleonline.com/story/news/local/2015/09/01/
zachary-hammond-family-asks-supreme-court-act-seneca-police- shooting-case/71540026/

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/naxavat

..

..


The family of Zachary Hammond on Tuesday asked the South Carolina Supreme Court to take action in the case of their son, who was shot and killed by a Seneca Police officer during an attempted marijuana bust more than a month ago, an attorney for the family said.

..

The State Law Enforcement Division is investigating the shooting but has not released any information, including video of the incident from the officers dashboard camera, despite requests from The Greenville News under the state Freedom of Information Act.

..

We are seeking that this matter be resolved in an expedited basis because of the public issues involved and the need for this matter to have closure sooner rather than later, attorney Eric Bland said.

..

It would be at the discretion of the Supreme Court to consider the case, which hasnt gone through the lower courts, Bland said.

..

However, we have argued that it should be accepted by the court because it is a matter of extreme public importance and goes to the publics trust and integrity in the justice system, he said.

..

Hammond, 19, was shot by Lt. Mark Tiller in the parking lot of Hardees on July 26 after an undercover officer identified a passenger in his car as a suspect attempting to sell marijuana.

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
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PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
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Blog
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Twitter: davidpdillard

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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
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INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
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http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html





..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
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Temple University Listserv Alert :
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..

..

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND DIPLOMACY: TREATIES : COUNTRIES: IRAN, UNITED STATES: Remarks on Nuclear Agreement With Iran

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND DIPLOMACY: TREATIES :

COUNTRIES: IRAN, UNITED STATES:

Remarks on Nuclear Agreement With Iran

..

..


Remarks on Nuclear Agreement With Iran

Remarks

John Kerry

Secretary of State

National Constitution Center

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

September 2, 2015

United States Department of State

http://www.state.gov/secretary/remarks/2015/09/246574.htm

..

..



Dick, thank you so much for a generous introduction. Ill say more about it, but I want to say good morning to all of you here. It is great for me to be able to be here in Philadelphia. I am delighted to see so many young people with us. I know school has started and I know the choice between coming here and sitting in class was a very tough one. (Laughter.) Were glad you made the choice you did.

..

I am particularly grateful that Senator Lugar chose to come here this morning in order to introduce me and to reaffirm his support for this agreement. But Im even more grateful for his service to our country over a course of a lifetime. As a former colleague of his on the Foreign Relations Committee, which he referred to in his introduction, I can bear witness that Dick Lugar is one of the true legislative pathfinders of recent times, with a long record of foreign policy accomplishments. And what he and Sam Nunn did is a lasting legacy of making this world safer. He is also someone who has consistently placed our countrys interests above any other consideration, and he has a very deep understanding of how best to prevent nuclear weapons from falling into the wrong hands. He is one of our experts when it comes to that judgment.

..

So it is appropriate that the senator is here with us this morning, and I think every one of us here joins in saying thank you to you, Dick, for your tremendous service. (Applause.) Its also fitting to be here in Philadelphia, the home ground of this absolutely magnificent Center to the Constitution, the Liberty Bell, and one our nations most revered founders, Benjamin Franklin. And I must say I never quite anticipated, but this is one of the great vistas in America, and to be able to look down and see Independence Hall there is inspiring, I think, for all of us here.

..

I would say a quick word about Ben Franklin. In addition to his many inventions and his special status as Americas first diplomat, Franklin is actually credited with being the first person known to have made a list of pros and cons literally dividing a page in two and writing all of the reasons to support a proposal on one side and all of the reasons to oppose it on the other.

..

And this morning, I would like to invite you all of you, those here and those listening through the media to participate in just such an exercise.

..

Because two months ago, in Vienna, the United States and five other nations including permanent members of the UN Security Council reached agreement with Iran on ensuring the peaceful nature of that countrys nuclear program. As early as next week, Congress will begin voting on whether to support that plan. And the outcome will matter as much as any foreign policy decision in recent history. Like Senator Lugar, President Obama and I are convinced beyond any reasonable doubt that the framework that we have put forward will get the job done. And in that assessment, we have excellent company.

..

Last month, 29 of our nations top nuclear physicists and Nobel Prize winners, scientists, from one end of our country to the other, congratulated the President for what they called a technically sound, stringent, and innovative deal that will provide the necessary assurance that Iran is not developing nuclear weapons. The scientists praised the agreement for its creative approach to verification and for the rigorous safeguards that will prevent Iran from obtaining the fissile material for a bomb.

..

Today, I will lay out the facts that caused those scientists and many other experts to reach the favorable conclusions that they have. I will show why the agreed plan will make the United States, Israel, the Gulf States, and the world safer. I will explain how it gives us the access that we need to ensure that Irans nuclear program remains wholly peaceful, while preserving every option to respond if Iran fails to meet its commitments. I will make clear that the key elements of the agreement will last not for 10 or 15 years, as some are trying to assert, or for 20 or 25, but they will last for the lifetime of Irans nuclear program. And I will dispel some of the false information that has been circulating about the proposal on which Congress is soon going to vote.

..

Now, for this discussion, there is an inescapable starting point a place where every argument made against the agreement must confront a stark reality the reality of how advanced Irans nuclear program had become and where it was headed when Presidents Obama and Rouhani launched the diplomatic process that concluded this past July.

..

Two years ago, in September of 2013, we were facing an Iran that had already mastered the nuclear fuel cycle; already stockpiled enough enriched uranium that, if further enriched, could arm 10 to 12 bombs; an Iran that was already enriching uranium to the level of 20 percent, which is just below weapons-grade; an Iran that had already installed 10,000-plus centrifuges; and an Iran that was moving rapidly to commission a heavy water reactor able to produce enough weapons-grade plutonium for an additional bomb or two a year. That, my friends, is where we already were when we began our negotiations.

..

At a well-remembered moment during the UN General Assembly the previous fall, Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu had held up a cartoon of a bomb to show just how dangerous Irans nuclear program had become. And in 2013, he returned to that podium to warn that Iran was positioning itself to rush forward to build nuclear bombs before the international community can detect it and much less prevent it. The prime minister argued rightly that the so-called breakout time the interval required for Iran to produce enough fissile material for one bomb had dwindled to as little as two months. Even though it would take significantly longer to actually build the bomb itself using that fissile material, the prime ministers message was clear: Iran had successfully transformed itself into a nuclear threshold state.

..

In the Obama Administration, we were well aware of that troubling fact, and more important, we were already responding to it. The record is irrefutable that, over the course of two American administrations, it was the United States that led the world in assembling against Tehran one of the toughest international sanctions regimes ever developed.

..

But we also had to face an obvious fact: sanctions alone were not getting the job done, not even close. They were failing to slow, let alone halt, Irans relentless march towards a nuclear weapons capability. So President Obama acted. He reaffirmed his vow that Iran would absolutely not be permitted to have a nuclear weapon. He marshaled support for this principle from every corner of the international community. He made clear his determination to go beyond what sanctions could accomplish and find a way to not only stop, but to throw into reverse, Irans rapid expansion of its nuclear program.

..

As we developed our strategy, we cast a very wide net to enlist the broadest expertise available. We sat down with the IAEA and with our own intelligence community to ensure that the verification standards that we sought on paper would be effective in reality. We consulted with Congress and our international allies and friends. We examined carefully every step that we might take to close off each of Irans potential pathways to a bomb. And of course, we were well aware that every proposal, every provision, every detail would have to withstand the most painstaking scrutiny. We knew that. And so we made clear from the outset that we would not settle for anything less than an agreement that was comprehensive, verifiable, effective, and of lasting duration.

..

We began with an interim agreement reached in Geneva the Joint Plan of Action. It accomplished diplomatically what sanctions alone could never have done or did. It halted the advance of Irans nuclear activities. And it is critical to note you dont hear much about it, but its critical to note that for more than 19 months now, Iran has complied with every requirement of that plan. But this was just a first step.

..

From that moment, we pushed ahead, seeking a broad and enduring agreement, sticking to our core positions, maintaining unity among a diverse negotiating group of partners, and we arrived at the good and effective deal that we had sought.

..

And I ask you today and in the days ahead, as we have asked members of Congress over the course of these last months, consider the facts of what we achieved and judge for yourself the difference between where we were two years ago and where we are now, and where we can be in the future. Without this agreement, Irans so-called breakout time was about two months; with this agreement it will increase by a factor of six, to at least a year, and it will remain at that level for a decade or more.

..

Without this agreement, Iran could double the number of its operating centrifuges almost overnight and continue expanding with ever more efficient designs. With this agreement, Irans centrifuges will be reduced by two-thirds for 10 years.

..

Without this agreement, Iran could continue expanding its stockpile of enriched uranium, which is now more than 12,000 kilograms enough, if further enriched, for multiple bombs. With this agreement, that stockpile will shrink and shrink some more a reduction of some 98 percent, to no more than 300 kilograms for 15 years.

..

Without this agreement, Irans heavy-water reactor at Arak would soon be able to produce enough weapons-grade plutonium each year to fuel one or two nuclear weapons. With this agreement, the core of that reactor will be removed and filled with concrete, and Iran will never be permitted to produce any weapons-grade plutonium.

..

Without this agreement, the IAEA would not have assured access to undeclared locations in Iran where suspicious activities might be taking place. The agency could seek access, but if Iran objected, there would be no sure method for resolving a dispute in a finite period, which is exactly what has led us to where we are today that standoff. With this agreement, the IAEA can go wherever the evidence leads. No facility declared or undeclared will be off limits, and there is a time certain for assuring access. There is no other country to which such a requirement applies. This arrangement is both unprecedented and unique.

..

In addition, the IAEA will have more inspectors working in Iran, using modern technologies such as real-time enrichment monitoring, high-tech electronic seals, and cameras that are always watching 24/7, 365. Further, Iran has agreed never to pursue key technologies that would be necessary to develop a nuclear explosive device.

..

So the agreement deals not only with the production of fissile material, but also with the critical issue of weaponization. Because of all of these limitations and guarantees, we can sum up by saying that without this agreement, the Iranians would have several potential pathways to a bomb; with it, they wont have any.

..

Irans plutonium pathway will be blocked because it wont have a reactor producing plutonium for a weapon, and it wont build any new heavy-water reactors or engage in reprocessing for at least 15 years, and after that we have the ability to watch and know precisely what theyre doing.

..

The uranium pathway will be blocked because of the deep reductions in Irans uranium enrichment capacity, and because for 15 years the country will not enrich uranium to a level higher than 3.67 percent. Let me be clear: No one can build a bomb from a stockpile of 300 kilograms of uranium enriched only 3.67 percent. It is just not possible.

..

Finally, Irans covert pathway to a bomb will also be blocked. Under our plan, there will be 24/7 monitoring of Irans key nuclear facilities. As soon as we start the implementation, inspectors will be able to track Irans uranium as it is mined, then milled, then turned into yellow cake, then into gas, and eventually into waste. This means that for a quarter of a century at least, every activity throughout the nuclear fuel chain will receive added scrutiny. And for 20 years, the IAEA will be monitoring the production of key centrifuge components in Iran in order to assure that none are diverted to a covert program.

..

So if Iran did decide to cheat, its technicians would have to do more than bury a processing facility deep beneath the ground. They would have to come up with a complete complete and completely secret nuclear supply chain: a secret source of uranium, a secret milling facility, a secret conversion facility, a secret enrichment facility. And our intelligence community and our Energy Department, which manages our nuclear program and our nuclear weapons, both agree Iran could never get away with such a deception. And if we have even a shadow of doubt that illegal activities are going on, either the IAEA will be given the access required to uncover the truth or Iran will be in violation and the nuclear-related sanctions can snap back into place. We will also have other options to ensure compliance if necessary.

..

Given all of these requirements, it is no wonder that this plan has been endorsed by so many leading American scientists, experts on nuclear nonproliferation, and others. More than 60 former top national security officials, 100 more than 100 retired ambassadors people who served under Democratic and Republican presidents alike, are backing the proposal as are retired generals and admirals from all 5 of our uniformed services. Brent Scowcroft, one of the great names in American security endeavors of the last century and now, served as a national security advisor to two Republican presidents. He is also among the many respected figures who are supporting it. Internationally, the agreement is being backed, with one exception, by each of the more than 100 countries that have taken a formal position. The agreement was also endorsed by the United Nations Security Council on a vote of 15 to nothing. This not only says something very significant about the quality of the plan, particularly when you consider that 5 of those countries are permanent members and theyre all nuclear powers, but it should also invite reflection from those who believe the United States can walk away from this without causing grave harm to our international reputation, to relationships, and to interests.

..

Youve probably heard the claim that because of our strength, because of the power of our banks, all we Americans have to do if Congress rejects this plan is return to the bargaining table, puff out our chests, and demand a better deal. Ive heard one critic say he would use sanctions to give Iran a choice between having an economy or having a nuclear program. Well, folks, thats a very punchy soundbite, but it has no basis in any reality. As Dick said, I was chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee when our nation came together across party lines to enact round after round of economic sanctions against Iran. But remember, even the toughest restrictions didnt stop Irans nuclear program from speeding ahead from a couple of hundred centrifuges to 5,000 to 19,000. Weve already been there. If this agreement is voted down, those who vote no will not be able to tell you how many centrifuges Iran will have next year or the year after. If its approved, we will be able to tell you exactly what the limits on Irans program will be.

..

The fact is that it wasnt either sanctions or threats that actually stopped and finally stopped the expansion of Irans nuclear activities. The sanctions brought people to the table, but it was the start of the negotiating process and the negotiations themselves, recently concluded in Vienna, that actually stopped it. Only with those negotiations did Iran begin to get rid of its stockpile of 20 percent enriched uranium. Only with those negotiations did it stop installing more centrifuges and cease advancing the Arak reactor. Only then did it commit to be more forthcoming about IAEA access and negotiate a special arrangement to break the deadlock.

..

So just apply your common sense: What do you think will happen if we say to Iran now, Hey, forget it. The deal is off. Lets go back to square one? How do you think our negotiating partners, all of whom have embraced this deal, will react; all of whom are prepared to go forward with it how will they react? What do you think will happen to that multilateral sanctions regime that brought Iran to the bargaining table in the first place? The answer is pretty simple. The answer is straightforward. Not only will we lose the momentum that we have built up in pressing Iran to limit its nuclear activities, we will almost surely start moving in the opposite direction.

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We need to remember sanctions dont just sting in one direction, my friends. They also impose costs on those who forego the commercial opportunities in order to abide by them. Its a tribute to President Obamas diplomacy and before that, to President George W. Bush that we were able to convince countries to accept economic difficulties and sacrifices and put together the comprehensive sanctions regime that we did. Many nations that would like to do business with Iran agreed to hold back because of the sanctions and and this is vital and because they wanted to prevent Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapon. They have as much interest in it as we do. And thats why they hoped the negotiations would succeed, and thats why they will join us in insisting that Iran live up to its obligations. But they will not join us if we unilaterally walk away from the very deal that the sanctions were designed to bring about. And they will not join us if were demanding even greater sacrifices and threatening their businesses and banks because of a choice we made and they opposed.

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So while it may not happen all at once, it is clear that if we reject this plan, the multilateral sanctions regime will start to unravel. The pressure on Iran will lessen and our negotiating leverage will diminish, if not disappear. Now, obviously, that is not the path, as some critics would have us believe, to a so-called better deal. It is a path to a much weaker position for the United States of America and to a much more dangerous Middle East.

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And this is by no means a partisan point of view that I just expressed. Henry Paulson was Secretary of Treasury under President George W. Bush. He helped design the early stages of the Iran sanctions regime. But just the other day, he said, It would be totally unrealistic to believe that if we backed out of this deal, the multilateral sanctions would remain in place. And Paul Volcker, who chaired the Federal Reserve under President Reagan, he said, This agreement is as good as you are going to get. To think that we can unilaterally maintain sanctions doesnt make any sense.

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We should pause for a minute to contemplate what voting down this agreement might mean for Irans cadre of hardliners, for those people in Iran who lead the chants of Death to America, Death to Israel, and even Death to Rouhani, and who prosecute journalists simply for doing their jobs. The evidence documents that among those who most fervently want this agreement to fall apart are the most extreme factions in Iran. And their opposition should tell you all you need to know. From the very beginning, these extremists have warned that negotiating with the United States would be a waste of time; why on Earth would we now take a step that proves them right?

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Let me be clear. Rejecting this agreement would not be sending a signal of resolve to Iran; it would be broadcasting a message so puzzling most people across the globe would find it impossible to comprehend. After all, theyve listened as we warned over and over again about the dangers of Irans nuclear program. Theyve watched as we spent two years forging a broadly accepted agreement to rein that program in. Theyve nodded their heads in support as we have explained how the plan that we have developed will make the world safer.

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Who could fairly blame them for not understanding if we suddenly switch course and reject the very outcome we had worked so hard to obtain? And not by offering some new and viable alternative, but by offering no alternative at all. It is hard to conceive of a quicker or more self-destructive blow to our nations credibility and leadership not only with respect to this one issue, but Im telling you across the board economically, politically, militarily, and even morally. We would pay an immeasurable price for this unilateral reversal.

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Friends, as Dick mentioned in his introduction, I have been in public service for many years and Ive been called on to make some difficult choices in that course of time. There are those who believe deciding whether or not to support the Iran agreement is just such a choice. And I respect that and I respect them. But I also believe that because of the stringent limitations on Irans program that are included in this agreement that I just described, because of where that program was headed before our negotiations began and will head again if we walk away, because of the utter absence of a viable alternative to this plan that we have devised, the benefits of this agreement far outweigh any potential drawbacks. Certainly, the goal of preventing Iran from having a nuclear weapon is supported across our political spectrum and it has the backing of countries on every continent. So what then explains the controversy that has persisted in this debate?

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A big part of the answer, I think, is that even before the ink on the agreement was dry, we started being bombarded by myths about what the agreement will and wont do, and that bombardment continues today.

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The first of these myths is that the deal is somehow based on trust or a naive expectation that Iran is going to reverse course on many of the policies its been pursuing internationally. Critics tell us over and over again, You cant trust Iran. Well, guess what? There is a not a single sentence, not a single paragraph in this whole agreement that depends on promises or trust, not one. The arrangement that we worked out with Tehran is based exclusively on verification and proof. Thats why the agreement is structured the way it is; thats why sanctions relief is tied strictly to performance; and it is why we have formulated the most far-reaching monitoring and transparency regime ever negotiated.

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Those same critics point to the fact that two decades ago, the United States reached a nuclear framework with North Korea that didnt accomplish what it set out to do. And were told we should have learned a lesson from that. Well, the truth is we did learn a lesson.

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The agreement with North Korea was four pages and only dealt with plutonium. Our agreement with Iran runs 159 detailed pages, applies to all of Tehrans potential pathways to a bomb, and is specifically grounded in the transparency rules of the IAEAs Additional Protocol, which didnt even exist two decades ago when the North Korea deal was made because it was developed specifically with the North Korea experience in mind. Lesson learned.

..

The reality is that if we trusted Iran or thought that it was about to become more moderate, this agreement would be less necessary than it is. But we dont. We would like nothing more than to see Iran act differently, but not for a minute are we counting on it. Irans support for terrorist groups and its contributions to sectarian violence are not recent policies. They reflect the perceptions of its leaders about Irans long-term national interests and there are no grounds for expecting those calculations to change in the near future. That is why we believe so strongly that every problem in the Middle East every threat to Israel and to our friends in the region would be more dangerous if Iran were permitted to have a nuclear weapon. That is the inescapable bottom line.

..

Thats also why we are working so hard and so proactively to protect our interests and those of our allies.

..

In part because of the challenge posed by Iran, we have engaged in an unprecedented level of military, intelligence, and security cooperation with our friend and ally Israel. We are determined to help our ally address new and complex security threats and to ensure its qualitative military edge.

..

We work with Israel every day to enforce sanctions and prevent terrorist organizations such as Hamas and Hizballah from obtaining the financing and the weapons that they seek whether from Iran or from any other source. And we will stand with Israel to stop its adversaries from once again launching deadly and unprovoked attacks against the Israeli people.

..

Since 2009, we have provided $20 billion in foreign military financing to Israel, more than half of what we have given to nations worldwide.

..

Over and above that, we have invested some 3 billion in the production and deployment of Iron Dome batteries and other missile defense programs and systems. And we saw how in the last Gaza War lives were saved in Israel because of it. We have given privileged access to advanced military equipment such as the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter; Israel is the only nation in the Middle East to which the United States has sold this fifth-generation aircraft. The President recently authorized a massive arms resupply package, featuring penetrating munitions and air-to-air missiles. And we hope soon to conclude a new memorandum of understanding a military assistance plan that will guide our intensive security cooperation through the next decade.

..

And diplomatically, our support for Israel also remains rock solid as we continue to oppose every effort to delegitimize the Jewish state, or to pass biased resolutions against it in international bodies.

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Now, I understand I understand personally there is no way to overstate the concern in Israel about Iran and about the potential consequences that this agreement or rejecting this agreement might have on Israels security. The fragility of Israels position has been brought home to me on every one of the many trips I have made to that country.

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In fact, as Secretary of State, I have already traveled to Israel more than a dozen times, spending the equivalent of a full month there even ordering my plane to land at Ben Gurion Airport when commercial air traffic had been halted during the last Gaza War; doing so specifically as a sign of support.

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Over the years, I have walked through Yad Vashem, a living memorial to the 6 million lost, and I have felt in my bones the unfathomable evil of the Holocaust and the undying reminder never to forget.

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I have climbed inside a shelter at Kiryat Shmona where children were forced to leave their homes and classrooms to seek refuge from Katyusha rockets.

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I visited Sderot and witnessed the shredded remains of homemade missiles from Gaza missiles fired with no other purpose than to sow fear in the hearts of Israeli families.

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I have piloted an Israeli jet out of Ovda Airbase and observed first-hand the tininess of Israel airspace from which it is possible to see all of the countrys neighbors at the same time.

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And I have bowed my head at the Western Wall and offered my prayer for peace peace for Israel, for the region, and for the world.

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I take a back seat to no one in my commitment to the security of Israel, a commitment I demonstrated through my 28-plus years in the Senate. And as Secretary of State, I am fully conscious of the existential nature of the choice Israel must make. I understand the conviction that Israel, even more than any other country, simply cannot afford a mistake in defending its security. And while I respectfully disagree with Prime Minister Netanyahu about the benefits of the Iran agreement, I do not question for an instant the basis of his concern or that of any Israeli.

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But I am also convinced, as is President Obama, our senior defense and military leaders, and even many former Israeli military and intelligence officials, that this agreement puts us on the right path to prevent Iran from ever getting a nuclear weapon. The people of Israel will be safer with this deal, and the same is true for the people throughout the region.

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And to fully ensure that, we are also taking specific and far-reaching steps to coordinate with our friends from the Gulf states. President Obama hosted their leaders at Camp David earlier this year. I visited with them in Doha last month. And later this week, we will welcome King Salman of Saudi Arabia to Washington. Gulf leaders share our profound concerns about Irans policies in the Middle East, but theyre also alarmed by Irans nuclear program. We must and we will respond on both fronts. We will make certain that Iran lives up to its commitments under the nuclear agreement, and we will continue strengthening our security partnerships.

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Were determined that our Gulf friends will have the political and the military support that they need, and to that end, we are working with them to develop a ballistic missile defense for the Arabian Peninsula, provide special operations training, authorize urgently required arms transfers, strengthen cyber security, engage in large-scale military exercises, and enhance maritime interdiction of illegal Iranian arms shipments. We are also deepening our cooperation and support in the fight against the threat posed to them, to us, and to all civilization by the forces of international terror, including their surrogates and their proxies.

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Through these steps and others, we will maintain international pressure on Iran. United States sanctions imposed because of Tehrans support for terrorism and its human rights record those will remain in place, as will our sanctions aimed at preventing the proliferation of ballistic missiles and transfer of conventional arms. The UN Security Council prohibitions on shipping weapons to Hizballah, the Shiite militias in Iraq, the Houthi rebels in Yemen all of those will remain as well.

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We will also continue to urge Tehran to provide information regarding an American who disappeared in Iran several years ago, and to release the U.S. citizens its government has unjustly imprisoned. We will do everything we can to see that our citizens are able to safely return to where they belong at home and with their families.

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Have no doubt. The United States will oppose Irans destabilizing policies with every national security tool available. And disregard the myth. The Iran agreement is based on proof, not trust. And in a letter that I am sending to all the members of Congress today, I make clear the Administrations willingness to work with them on legislation to address shared concerns about regional security consistent with the agreement that we have worked out with our international partners.

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This brings us to the second piece of fiction: that this deal would somehow legitimize Irans pursuit of a nuclear weapon. I keep hearing this. Well, yes, for years Iran has had a civilian nuclear program. Under the Nonproliferation Treaty, you can do that. It was never a realistic option to change that. But recognizing this reality is not the same as legitimizing the pursuit of a nuclear weapon. In fact, this agreement does the exact opposite. Under IAEA safeguards, Iran is prohibited from ever pursuing a nuclear weapon.

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This is an important point, so I want to be sure that everyone understands: The international community is not telling Iran that it cant have a nuclear weapon for 15 years. We are telling Iran that it cant have a nuclear weapon, period. There is no magic moment 15, 20, or 25 years from now when Iran will suddenly get a pass from the mandates of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty doesnt happen. In fact, Iran is required by this agreement to sign up to and abide by the IAEA Additional Protocol that I mentioned earlier that came out of the North Korea experience. And that requires inspections of all nuclear facilities.

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What does this mean? It means that Irans nuclear program will remain subject to regular inspections forever. Iran will have to provide access to all of its nuclear facilities forever. Iran will have to respond promptly to requests for access to any suspicious site forever. And if Iran at any time at any time embarks on nuclear activities that are incompatible with a wholly peaceful program, it will be in violation of the agreement forever. We will know of that violation right away and we will retain every option we now have to respond, whether diplomatically or through a return to sanctions or by other means. In short, this agreement gives us unprecedented tools and all the time we need to hold Iran accountable for its choices and actions.

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Now, its true some of the special additional restrictions that we successfully negotiated, those begin to ease after a period in some cases 10 or 15, in others 20 or 25. But it would defy logic to vote to kill the whole agreement with all of the permanent NPT restrictions by which Iran has to live for that reason. After all, if your house is on fire, if its going up in flames, would you refuse to extinguish it because of the chance that it might be another fire in 15 years? Obviously, not. Youd put out the fire and youd take advantage of the extra time to prepare for the future.

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My friends, it just doesnt make sense to conclude that we should vote no now because of what might happen in 15 years thereby guaranteeing that what might happen in 15 years will actually begin to happen now. Because if this agreement is rejected, every possible reason for worry in the future would have to be confronted now, immediately, in the months ahead. Once again and soon, Iran would begin advancing its nuclear program. We would lose the benefit of the agreement that contains all these restrictions, and it would give a green light to everything that were trying to prevent. Needless to say, that is not the outcome that we want, it is not an outcome that would be good for our country, nor for our allies or for the world

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There is a third myth a quick one, a more technical one that Iran could, in fact, get away with building a covert nuclear facility because the deal allows a maximum of 24 days to obtain access to a suspicious site. Well, in truth, there is no way in 24 days, or 24 months, 24 years for that matter, to destroy all the evidence of illegal activity that has been taking place regarding fissile material. Because of the nature of fissile materials and their relevant precursors, you cant eliminate the evidence by shoving it under a mattress, flushing it down a toilet, carting it off in the middle of the night. The materials may go, but the telltale traces remain year after year after year. And the 24 days is the outside period of time during which they must allow access.

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Under the agreement, if there is a dispute over access to any location, the United States and our European allies have the votes to decide the issue. And once we have identified a site that raises questions, we will be watching it continuously until the inspectors are allowed in.

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Let me underscore that. The United States and the international community will be monitoring Iran nonstop. And you can bet that if we see something, we will do something. The agreement gives us a wide range of enforcement tools, and we will use them. And the standard we will apply can be summed up in two words: zero tolerance. There is no way to guarantee that Iran will keep its word. Thats why this isnt based on a promise or trust. But we can guarantee that if Iran decides to break the agreement, it will regret breaking any promise that it has made.

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Now, there are many other myths circulating about the agreement, but the last one that Im going to highlight is just economic. And its important. The myth that sanctions relief that Iran will receive is somehow both too generous and too dangerous.

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Now, obviously, the discussions that concluded in Vienna, like any serious negotiation, involved a quid pro quo. Iran wanted sanctions relief; the world wanted to ensure a wholly peaceful nature of Irans program. So without the tradeoff, there could have been no deal and no agreement by Iran to the constraints that it has accepted very important constraints.

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But there are some who point to sanctions relief as grounds to oppose the agreement. And the logic is faulty for several reasons. First, the most important is that absent new violations by Iran the sanctions are going to erode regardless of what we do. Its an illusion for members of Congress to think that they can vote this plan down and then turn around and still persuade countries like China, Japan, South Korea, Turkey, India Irans major oil customers they ought to continue supporting the sanctions that are costing them billions of dollars every year. Thats not going to happen. And dont forget that the money that has been locked up as the result of sanctions is not sitting in some American bank under U.S. control. The money is frozen and being held in escrow by countries with which Iran has had commercial dealings. We dont have that money. We cant control it. Its going to begin to be released anyway if we walk away from this agreement.

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Remember, as well, that the bulk of the funds Iran will receive under the sanctions relief are already spoken for and they are dwarfed by the countrys unmet economic needs. Iran has a crippled infrastructure, energy infrastructure. Its got to rebuild it to be able to pump oil. It has an agriculture sector thats been starved for investment, massive pension obligations, significant foreign reserves that are already allocated to foreign-led projects, and a civilian population that is sitting there expecting that the lifting of sanctions is going to result in a tangible improvement in the quality of their lives. The sanctions relief is not going to make a significant difference in what Iran can do internationally never been based on money. Make no mistake, the important thing about this agreement is not what it will enable Iran to do, but what it will stop Iran from doing and that is the building of a nuclear weapon.

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Before closing, I want to comment on the nature of the debate which we are currently engaged in. Some have accused advocates of the Iran agreement including me of conjuring up frightening scenarios to scare listeners into supporting it. Curiously, this allegation comes most often from the very folks who have been raising alarms about one thing or another for years.

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The truth is that if this plan is voted down, we cannot predict with certainty what Iran will do. But we do know what Iran says it will do and that is begin again to expand its nuclear activities. And we know that the strict limitations that Iran has accepted will no longer apply because there will no longer be any agreement. Iran will then be free to begin operating thousands of other advanced and other centrifuges that would otherwise have been mothballed; theyll be free to expand their stockpile of low-enriched uranium, rebuild their stockpile of 20 percent enriched uranium, free to move ahead with the production of weapons-grade plutonium, free to go forward with weaponization research.

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And just who do you think is going to be held responsible for all of this? Not Iran because Iran was preparing to implement the agreement and will have no reason whatsoever to return to the bargaining table. No, the world will hold accountable the people who broke with the consensus, turned their backs on our negotiating partners, and ignored the counsel of top scientists and military leaders. The world will blame the United States. And so when those same voices that accuse us of scaremongering now begin suddenly to warn, oh, wow, Irans nuclear activities are once again out of control and must at all costs be stopped what do you think is going to happen?

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The pressure will build, my friends. The pressure will build for military action. The pressure will build for the United States to use its unique military capabilities to disrupt Irans nuclear program, because negotiating isnt going to work because weve just tried it. President Obama has been crystal clear that we will do whatever is necessary to prevent Iran from getting a nuclear weapon. But the big difference is, at that point, we wont have the world behind us the way we do today. Because we rejected the fruits of diplomacy, we will be held accountable for a crisis that could have been avoided but instead we will be deemed to have created.

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So my question is: Why in the world would we want to put ourselves in that position of having to make that choice especially when there is a better choice, a much more broadly supported choice? A choice that sets us on the road to greater stability and security but that doesnt require us to give up any option at all today.

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So here is the decision that we are called on to make. To vote down this agreement is to solve nothing because none of the problems that we are concerned about will be made easier if it is rejected; none of them not Irans nuclear program, not Irans support for terrorism or sectarian activities, not its human rights record, and not its opposition to Israel. To oppose this agreement is whether intended or not to recommend in its policy a policy of national paralysis. It is to take us back directly to the very dangerous spot that we were in two years ago, only to go back there devoid of any realistic plan or option.

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By contrast, the adoption and implementation of this agreement will cement the support of the international community behind a plan to ensure that Iran does not ever acquire or possess a nuclear weapon. In doing so it will remove a looming threat from a uniquely fragile region, discourage others from trying to develop nuclear arms, make our citizens and our allies safer, and reassure the world that the hardest problems can be addressed successfully by diplomatic means.

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At its best, American foreign policy, the policy of the United States combines immense power with clarity of purpose, relying on reason and persuasion whenever possible. As has been demonstrated many times, our country does not shy from the necessary use of force, but our hopes and our values push us to explore every avenue for peace. The Iran deal reflects our determination to protect the interests of our citizens and to shield the world from greater harm. But it reflects as well our knowledge that the firmest foundation for security is built on mobilizing countries across the globe to defend actively and bravely the rule of law.

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In September 228 years ago, Benjamin Franklin rose in the great city of Philadelphia, right down there, to close debate on the proposed draft of the Constitution of the United States. He told a rapt audience that when people of opposing views and passions are brought together, compromise is essential and perfection from the perspective of any single participant is not possible. He said that after weighing carefully the pros and cons of that most historic debate, he said the following: I consent, sir, to this Constitution because I expect no better, and because I am not sure that it is not the best.

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My fellow citizens, I have had the privilege of serving our country in times of peace and in times of war, and peace is better. Ive seen our leaders act with incredible foresight and also seen them commit tragic errors by plunging into conflicts without sufficient thought about the consequences.

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Like old Ben Franklin, I can claim and do claim no monopoly on wisdom, and certainly nothing can compare to the gravity of the debate of our founding fathers over our nations founding documents. But I believe, based on a lifetimes experience, that the Iran nuclear agreement is a hugely positive step at a time when problem solving and danger reduction have rarely been so urgent, especially in the Middle East.

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The Iran agreement is not a panacea for the sectarian and extremist violence that has been ripping that region apart. But history may judge it a turning point, a moment when the builders of stability seized the initiative from the destroyers of hope, and when we were able to show, as have generations before us, that when we demand the best from ourselves and insist that others adhere to a similar high standard when we do that, we have immense power to shape a safer and a more humane world. Thats what this is about and thats what I hope we will do in the days ahead.

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Thank you very much. (Applause.)






























Sincerely,
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SAME SEX MARRIAGE : UNITED STATES: STATES: KENTUCKY : CRIME AND CRIMINALS: CONTEMPT OF COURT, CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE, DISCRIMINATION : SEXISM : LAW: CASE: DECISIONS : UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: COURTS: SUPREME COURT: We Have Reached the George Wallace Stage of the Same-Sex Marriage Fight

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


SAME SEX MARRIAGE :

UNITED STATES: STATES: KENTUCKY :

CRIME AND CRIMINALS: CONTEMPT OF COURT, CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE, DISCRIMINATION :

SEXISM :

LAW: CASE: DECISIONS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: COURTS: SUPREME COURT:

We Have Reached the George Wallace Stage of the Same-Sex Marriage Fight

..

..


We Have Reached the George Wallace Stage of the Same-Sex Marriage Fight

By Janell Ross

September 2, 2015 at 8:00 AM

Washington Post

http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2015/09/02/ we-have-reached-the-george-wallace-stage-of-the-same-sex-marriage-fight/

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A shorter URL for the above link:

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http://tinyurl.com/pkvrhoy

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There's a long and not exactly auspicious history in this country of people resisting court orders aimed at defending the civil rights of minority groups.

..

On Tuesday, a Kentucky county clerk named Kim Davis created the basis for the latest chapter. Davis is refusing to issue marriage licenses to anyone so that she might avoid the task of having to issue or refuse to issue one to a gay or lesbian couple. Davis said in a statement released by Liberty Counsel, a Christian legal organization representing her, that her religious beliefs bar her from doing so.

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I love my job and the people of Rowan County. ... I never imagined a day like this would come, where I would be asked to violate a central teaching of Scripture and of Jesus Himself regarding marriage. To issue a marriage license which conflicts with God's definition of marriage, with my name affixed to the certificate, would violate my conscience.

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She made similar comments during a last-ditch legal bid Monday that went before the U.S. Supreme Court and failed. Davis's reasons might be principled and deeply rooted in her faith. There's no real public reason to question that or even the accuracy of her read on the Bible.

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But as an elected public official, Davis's duties include issuing documents such as marriage licenses that bring with them a whole host of tax and other financial benefits and clarify procedures and rights in the event of an accident, a death or even a breakup.

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Davis is free to believe whatever she would like; this is America. However, multiple courts have said she is not at liberty to impose her beliefs at work in such a way that the legal rights, options and access of others are curtailed. Of course, from Davis's point of view and that of many Americans who agree with her, especially white evangelicals, according to a June 2014 Public Religion Research Institute poll forcing her to issue licenses to same-sex couples impinges on her religious liberty.

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And here's the thing: The real issue -- if you know something about the history of American moments like the one that Davis has brought to pass, and even if you don't is that legally, Davis has put herself in league with men like former Alabama governor George Wallace.

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The complete article may be read at the URL above.

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Blog
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Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
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Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
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http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html










..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
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The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
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..

..

SAME SEX MARRIAGE : UNITED STATES: STATES: KENTUCKY : CRIME AND CRIMINALS: CONTEMPT OF COURT, CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE, DISCRIMINATION : SEXISM : LAW: CASE: DECISIONS : UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: COURTS: SUPREME COURT : SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE : HYPOCRISY : DOUBLE STANDARDS: Kentucky County Clerk Kim Davis Seems to Pick and Choose Her Articles of Faith on Gays

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


SAME SEX MARRIAGE :

UNITED STATES: STATES: KENTUCKY :

CRIME AND CRIMINALS: CONTEMPT OF COURT, CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE, DISCRIMINATION :

SEXISM :

LAW: CASE: DECISIONS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: COURTS: SUPREME COURT :

SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE :

HYPOCRISY :

DOUBLE STANDARDS:

Kentucky County Clerk Kim Davis Seems to
Pick and Choose Her Articles of Faith on Gays

..

..


Kentucky County Clerk Kim Davis Seems to
Pick and Choose Her Articles of Faith on Gays

Tod Robberson

Published: September 2, 2015 12:01 pm

Dallas Morning News

http://dallasmorningviewsblog.dallasnews.com/2015/09/
kentucky-county-clerk-seems-to-pick-and-choose-her-
articles-of-faith-on-gays.html/

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/p24kjya

..

..


We exclude religion from government and law enforcement because my religion isnt necessarily your religion. But in Rowan County, Kentucky, County Clerk Kim Davis thinks that her religion is the law, regardless of what anyone else thinks, and regardless of what our legal system mandates. Whats shocking about her refusal to issue same-sex marriage licenses is how many people, including prominent Republican politicians, think shes right for doing so.

..

Davis, a member of the Apostolic Christian Church, maintains that she is upholding the articles of her faith and placing them ahead of her duty to uphold the articles of the U.S. Constitution. Primary among her beliefs is that salvation can only come through faith in Jesus Christ, which could be dangerous if that means she also has problems issuing marriage certificates to Jews, Buddhists, Muslims or agnostics.

..

snip

..

Her church instructs the faithful quite clearly to be doers not just hearers of the Word. So Davis would be wrong, according to her faith, to merely pick and choose which aspects of the Word she will choose to enforce as county clerk. Not only must she refuse to issue marriage licenses to gays, she also must cast out adulterers. She probably should refuse marriage licenses to women with makeup or short hair.

..

Oops. Did I mention adulterers? Davis, it turns out, has been divorced three times. Since becoming an apostolic Christian, however, she has been purified of those sins. She has forgiveness.

..

I dont know. Jesus didnt mention short hair and makeup, but he did take a very dim view of divorce, declaring: I say to you, whoever divorces his wife, except for immorality, and marries another woman commits adultery.

..

Whose law applies? The law that allowed Davis to divorce her three previous husbands, or the law of Davis as a born-again apostolic Christian who doesnt believe in divorce? Or, perhaps, none of the above?

..

Im not making fun of Davis or her religion. She has every right to abide by these beliefs in her home and in her life outside her duties as an elected official. But in her job, she is required by the Constitution to set aside her personal beliefs and uphold the law.

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..





Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
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https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
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Research Guides
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AND
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RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
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DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
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K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Copyright Research Guide
Copyright, Intellectual Property and Plagiarism Sources
http://guides.temple.edu/copyright-plagiarism
Fair Use
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Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html




..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
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https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

DISASTERS: DROWNINGS : CHILDREN : REFUGEES : WARS : DESPERATION: Aylan's Story: How Desperation Left a 3-Year-Old Boy Washed up on a Turkish Beach

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


DISASTERS: DROWNINGS : CHILDREN : REFUGEES :

WARS :

DESPERATION:

Aylan's Story: How Desperation Left a 3-Year-Old Boy
Washed up on a Turkish Beach

..

..


Aylan's Story: How Desperation Left a 3-Year-Old Boy
Washed up on a Turkish Beach

By Justin Wm. Moyer

September 3 at 4:12 AM

Washington Post

http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2015/09/03/
a-desperate-refugee-family-a-capsized-boat-and-3-year-old- dead-on-a-beach-in-turkey/

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/oq5dsd4

..

..


The first disturbing photo shows a small boy. He is wearing a red T-shirt and long shorts that stop below the knee. His shirt is hiked above his waist, exposing his midriff. He is wearing black sneakers with no socks. And he is dead, face down in the rocky surf.

..

In the second photo, the boy is being carried away by a policeman. The policeman is wearing latex gloves. The boys tiny feet dangle below the policemans waist; we see that one of the Velcro straps on his sneakers has come undone. And though we cant know what the policeman is thinking as he carries a dead child from the ocean, one thing is clear: He is looking away.

..

The Kurdish boy who washed up on the beach was identified by Turkish officials as 3-year-old Aylan Kurdi in news reports. He was in one of two boats, Reuters reported, carrying a total of 23 people that set off separately from the Akyarlar area of Turkeys Bodrum peninsula, apparently headed to the Greek island of Kos, where they could have attempted to enter the European Union. Reports suggested that their ultimate destination was Canada.

..

Instead, officials said, the boat capsized, and Aylan washed up a few miles to the northeast in Turkey, not far from a beach resort. The dead included five children among them Aylans 5-year-old brother and one woman. According to the Independent, the woman was the boys mother, Rihan, 35. Seven were rescued, and two reached the shore in life jackets. According to the Ottawa Citizen, the boys father, Abdullah, survived.

..

The family may have been trying to reach Canada. In June, the paper said, Aylans family desperately tried to get permission to emigrate to Canada where Abdullahs sister, Teema Kurdi, lives in Vancouver but their refugee application was rejected by Canadian authorities.

..

I heard the news at five oclock this morning, Teema Kurdi, who had gotten a call from Abdullah, told the Citizen on Wednesday. All he said was, My wife and two boys are dead.'

..

The family had two strikes against them, reported the Citizen, Like thousands of other Syrian Kurdish refugees in Turkey, the U.N. would not register them as refugees, and the Turkish government would not grant them exit visas.

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
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Research Guides
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RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
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http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
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PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
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Copyright Research Guide
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Blog
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Articles by David Dillard
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Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html










..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
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Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE : POLICE BRUTALITY : UNITED STATES: STATES: TEXAS : BLATANT FALSEHOODS : POLICE DEPARTMENTS: COVERUPS : MINORITIES : RACISM: Texas Police Shot Man in Back, Autopsy Disproves Police Claim Victim Charged At Officers

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE :

POLICE BRUTALITY :

UNITED STATES: STATES: TEXAS :

BLATANT FALSEHOODS :

POLICE DEPARTMENTS: COVERUPS :

MINORITIES :

RACISM:

Texas Police Shot Man in Back,
Autopsy Disproves Police Claim Victim Charged At Officers

..

..


Texas Police Shot Man in Back,
Autopsy Disproves Police Claim Victim Charged At Officers

Posted by: Cassandra Fairbanks in Bad Cop, No Donut,

PINAC News,

PINAC News Top 10,

PINAC News Top 3,

Police Abuse

September 2, 2015

http://photographyisnotacrime.com/2015/09/
texas-police-shot-man-in-back-who-police-claim-charged-at-officers/

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/or5sgzr

..

..


The police claim that Sanchez had threatened them with a metal object, and charged at the officers.

..

The cops allegedly attempted to tase Sanchez, but were unsuccessful, and that is when a 10-year-veteran Texas police officer opened fire with his service weapon.

..

Sanchez was shot three times, in the right side of his back, the left side of his back, and his buttocks. Quite a feat, as he was allegedly charging at the officers.

..

He was then handcuffed despite the severe injuries, and died soon after at the Del Sol Medical Center.

..

This west Texas police agency has released few details surrounding the incident which took place on April 29, when police were called to respond to a burglary in Sanchez neighborhood.

..

The fatal encounter did not take place at the residence that was allegedly burglarized however, and police will only say it was different than the location he was suspected of burglarizing.

..

The victims mother maintains that the shooting took place outside the home she shared with her son, after police arrived and asked her to come outside.

..

Erik Sanchez shouted in reply to the cops, which isnt illegal.

..

snip

..

The Mexican Consulate has also been involved with assisting the family, as Sanchez was a Mexican citizen who was living legally in the United States as many families whose lives straddle the border.

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..



Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
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AND
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RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
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EMPLOYMENT
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INTERNSHIPS
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HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Copyright Research Guide
Copyright, Intellectual Property and Plagiarism Sources
http://guides.temple.edu/copyright-plagiarism
Fair Use
http://guides.temple.edu/fair-use

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html










..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
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Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

[webdev] Web Design Update: September 3, 2015

David P. Dillard
 

..




Date: Thu, 3 Sep 2015 06:24:29 -0500
From: Laura Carlson <lcarlson@d.umn.edu>
To: webdev <webdev@d.umn.edu>
Subject: [webdev] Web Design Update: September 3, 2015



+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE.


- Volume 14, Issue 10, September 3, 2015.



An email newsletter to distribute news and information about web
design and development.




++ISSUE 10 CONTENTS.




SECTION ONE: New references.


What's new at the Web Design Reference site?



http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/



New links in these categories:





01: ACCESSIBILITY.

02: BOOKS.

03: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.

04: COLOR.

05: EVALUATION & TESTING.

06: EVENTS.

07: HTML5.

08: INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE.

09: TYPOGRAPHY.

10: USABILITY.





SECTION TWO:



11: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?




[Contents ends.]





++ SECTION ONE: New references.





+01: ACCESSIBILITY.




Top 10 Most Common Web Accessibility Mistakes

By Ken Nakata.

"In our experience helping companies ensure Web compliance, we run
into 10 common accessibility mistakes. These are largely focused on
the human factor of creating content instead of the framework for Web
accessibility...."

https://insight.cryptzone.com/accessibility/ top-10-most-common-web-accessibility-mistakes/



Screen Readers on Touchscreen Devices

By Katie Sherwin.

"People who are blind or have low vision must rely on their memory and
on a rich vocabulary of gestures to interact with touchscreen phones
and tablets. Designers should strive to minimize the cognitive load
for users of screen readers."

http://www.nngroup.com/articles/touchscreen-screen-readers/



WebAIM Screen Reader User Survey #6 Results

By WebAIM.

"In July 2015, WebAIM conducted a survey of preferences of screen
reader users. We received 2515 valid responses to this survey, our
highest thus far. This was a follow-up survey to the original WebAIM
Screen Reader User Survey of January 2009 and the follow-up surveys
from October 2009, December 2010, May 2012, and January 2014..."

http://webaim.org/projects/screenreadersurvey6/



The Resurgence of ZoomText and Window-Eyes

By Jared Smith.

"These survey results suggest that those of us in the web
accessibility field may need to reconsider our perceptions of screen
reader users - the typical user may be different than our own
interactions and experience suggest."

http://webaim.org/blog/resurgence-of-zoomtext-and-window-eyes/



Accessibility - Beyond the Screen Reader

By Denis Boudreau.

"...there are precisely 6.30769239 times as many people who have low
vision than there are people who are blind. This ratio is staggering.
Why, then, are designers and developers still focusing mostly on
screen reader compatibility?..."

http://www.creativebloq.com/web-design/ accessibility-beyond-screen-reader-91516540



Audio Description for Media and Live Performance (Video)

By Martin Wilde.

Video of Martin Wilde's July 21, 2015 Chicago Web Accessibility &
Inclusive Design Meetup presentation. (1 hour)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UAb8jRMObRM



Standards for Audio Description and Code of Professional Conduct for
Describers (PDF)

By Audio Description Coalition.

"Audio description helps to ensure that people who are blind or have
low vision enjoy equal access to cultural events by providing the
essential visual information."

http://www.audiodescriptioncoalition.org/adc_standards_090615.pdf



The Legal Ramifications of Inaccessible Websites

By Beatrice Schmidt.

"...For the last forty years the federal government has increasingly
mandated that businesses ensure that the content posted on their
websites is accessible to people with disabilities. The evolution of
making information & communication technologies - namely websites -
more accessible dates back to 1973 when the Rehabilitation Act was
signed into law..."

http://www.viscardicenter.org/resources/blog/inaccessible-websites.html




+02: BOOKS




Watson, Leonie et al. Practical Approaches For Designing Accessible
Websites, Smashing Magazine GmbH, 2015 (ISBN (EPUB:
978-3-945749-23-4).




+03: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.




Modern CSS Layout, Power and Responsibility

By Rachel Andrew.

"...With this power comes great responsibility. For just as it will be
possible for a developer to start out with a beautifully semantic,
well structured document and use Grid and Flexbox to meet the design
requirements, it will be possible for them to stop caring about the
document structure at all. Worse, I believe there will be a strong
temptation, especially with Grid, to flatten out document structure in
order that all elements become a child of the element with the Grid
declared. Making layout simple, but at what cost?.."

https://rachelandrew.co.uk/archives/2015/07/28/ modern-css-layout-power-and-responsibility/



Alternatives to Floating

By Ire Aderinokun.

"The primary reason I tend to avoid floatings is because floated
elements don't always work well with sibling elements that are not
also floated..."

http://bitsofco.de/2015/alternatives-to-floating/



Responsive Images Pt. 1 (Video)

By Mat Marquis.

"Websites are heavier than ever, and the vast majority of that
increase in weight can be attributed to images. High-resolution
displays combined with responsive sites that try to serve the same
image to all screens only compound the problem..." (4.55 minutes)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GJLl6MSHDr4



Responsive Images Pt. 2 (Video)

By Yoav Weiss.

"The new srcset, sizes and picture standards (introduced in part 1)
give developers the ability to selectively load the most appropriate
images for each browser, providing a big boost for performance. This
video, written by Yoav Weiss (@yoavweiss), walks through each of the
three standards and explains when and how to use them..." (4.5
minutes)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WwgQ0LGRnR8




+04: COLOR




Colour Contrast Determinator (beta)

By Pierre Frederiksen.

"We've developed a new online tool to help you find colour
combinations that have sufficient contrast. With scaling features for
hue, saturation and lightness, this tool doesn't just test colour
combinations, it determines them.."

http://www.visionaustralia.org/digital-access-determinator




+05: EVALUATION & TESTING.




My Approach to Mobile Accessibility Testing

By Helen Burge.

"When I get asked by team members about mobile accessibility, I am
often asked how difficult it is compared to desktop accessibility
testing. Often the questions indicate how many assume that mobile
accessibility is a completely different beast to traditional
functional and accessibility software testing. This has prompted me to
write this quick summary to help clarify how I approach mobile
accessibility testing, and how it only requires a few tweaks to
desktop testing successfully perform audits..."

http://www.ministryoftesting.com/2015/09/ my-approach-to-mobile-accessibility-testing/



3 Tips for Testing Sketches and Flows with Users

By Jennifer Winter.

"Testing with users should begin the moment you've got an idea or
concept in mind. You probably already have a few sketches or flows
drawn out on paper or a whiteboard and that's exactly what you should
be testing...."

https://www.usertesting.com/blog/2015/08/27/ 3-tips-for-testing-sketches-and-flows-with-users/




+06: EVENTS.




Open Source and Feelings
October 2-3, 2015.
Seattle, Washington, U.S.A.
http://osfeels.com/



ConveyUX 2016
February 9-11, 2016.
Seattle, Washington, U.S.A.
http://conveyux.com/



Fluent
March 8-10, 2016.
San Francisco, California, U.S.A.
http://conferences.oreilly.com/fluent-javascript-html-ca



South by Southwest Interactive
March 11-15, 2016.
Austin, Texas, U.S.A.
http://www.sxsw.com/interactive




+07: HTML5.




HTML5 Video Accessibility: Updates, Features, & Guidelines (Video)

By John Foliot.

"What are the best practices for making web-based video and audio
accessible? In this webinar, John Foliot, a video accessibility expert
and contributor to the W3C's new Media Accessibility User Requirements
(MAUR), will go over the latest updates to HTML5 video as well as new
guidelines for making media accessible on the web." (1 hour 9 minutes)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iCmyKP9MFTg



ARIA in HTML

Steve Faulkner, Editor.

"This specification defines the web developer rules (author
conformance requirements) for the use of [wai-aria-1.1] attributes on
[HTML51] elements. It also defines requirements for Conformance
Checking tools..."

http://www.w3.org/TR/html-aria/




+08: INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE.




Test Paper Prototypes to Save Time and Money - The Mozilla Case Study

By Susan Farrell.

"Low-fidelity user testing of several iterations of Mozilla's Support
website quickly showed which user-interface elements worked best for
Firefox users."

http://www.nngroup.com/articles/mozilla-paper-prototype/




+09: TYPOGRAPHY.




CSS Properties to Control Web Typography

By Maria Antonietta Perna.

"Web typography has the advantage of drawing on the wealth of
knowledge belonging to the centuries-old tradition of print
typography. By the same token, that tradition carries with it
standards of best practices and excellence that web typography is
called on to live up to..."

http://www.sitepoint.com/css-properties-to-control-web-typography/




+10: USABILITY.




Writing Content for Responsive Design

By Dey Alexander.

"If you're writing for the web, you're writing for responsive design.
Or you soon will be. In this article, we offer some tips to get your
content working well on a range of screen sizes and orientations..."

http://www.4syllables.com.au/2015/08/writing-responsive-content/



How to Write a Great Error Message

By Thomas Fuchs.

"...Your job as product manager, designer or developer of an app is to
recognize that writing copy in your app is not something that you can
just do on the side. It's just as important as having the application
work correctly and the user interface being easy and efficient to
use..."

https://medium.com/@thomasfuchs/how-to-write-an-error-message-883718173322



Ashley Madison and the Power of Traditional Marketing

By Gerry McGovern.

"...We all know about banner blindness. (You are as likely to get hit
by lightning as click on a banner ad.) Increasingly, we are also
finding that traditional hero shot imagery actually reduces people's
trust in a website. Deceptive advertising has been used for so long
that more and more people are not simply becoming immune to it-they
are becoming allergic to it."

http://www.gerrymcgovern.com/new-thinking/ ashley-madison-and-power-traditional-marketing






[Section one ends.]





++ SECTION TWO:




+11: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?




Accessibility Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/accessibility.html



Association Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/associations.html



Book Listings.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/books.html



Cascading Style Sheets Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/css.html



Color Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/color.html



Drupal Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/drupal.html



Evaluation & Testing Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/testing.html



Event Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/events.html



HTML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/html.html



Information Architecture Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/architecture.html



JavaScript Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/javascript.html



Miscellaneous Web Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/misc.html



Navigation Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/navigation.html



PHP Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/php.html



Sites & Blogs Listing.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/sites.html



Standards, Guidelines & Pattern Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/standards.html



Tool Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/tools.html



Typography Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/type.html



Usability Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/usability.html



XML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/xml.html




[Section two ends.]





++END NOTES.





+ SUBSCRIPTION INFO.



WEB DESIGN UPDATE is available by subscription. For information on how
to subscribe and unsubscribe please visit:


http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/webdev_listserv.html


The Web Design Reference Site also has a RSS 2.0 feed for site updates.




+ TEXT EMAIL NEWSLETTER (TEN).




As a navigation aid for screen readers we do our best to conform to
the accessible Text Email Newsletter (TEN) guidelines. Please let me
know if there is anything else we can do to make navigation easier.


For TEN guideline information please visit:


http://www.headstar.com/ten




+ SIGN OFF.



Until next time,




Laura L. Carlson

Information Technology Systems and Services

University of Minnesota Duluth

Duluth, MN U.S.A. 55812-3009

mailto:lcarlson@d.umn.edu






[Issue ends.]




* View this message at https://groups.google.com/a/d.umn.edu/d/msg/webdev/topic-id/message-id



..


..

SAME SEX MARRIAGE : UNITED STATES: STATES: KENTUCKY : CRIME AND CRIMINALS: CONTEMPT OF COURT, CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE, DISCRIMINATION : SEXISM : LAW: CASE: DECISIONS : UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: COURTS: SUPREME COURT : SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE : HYPOCRISY : DOUBLE STANDARDS: Kentucky Clerk Gets Jail Time for Failing to Issue Same-Sex Marriage Licenses

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


SAME SEX MARRIAGE :

UNITED STATES: STATES: KENTUCKY :

CRIME AND CRIMINALS: CONTEMPT OF COURT, CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE, DISCRIMINATION :

SEXISM :

LAW: CASE: DECISIONS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: COURTS: SUPREME COURT :

SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE :

HYPOCRISY :

DOUBLE STANDARDS:

Kentucky Clerk Gets Jail Time for Failing to Issue Same-Sex Marriage Licenses

..

..


Kentucky Clerk Gets Jail Time for Failing to Issue Same-Sex Marriage Licenses

By Eliott C. McLaughlin, Sonia Moghe and Catherine E. Shoichet

CNN

Updated 2:05 PM ET, Thursday September 3, 2015

Video Source: CNN

..

..



Ashland, Kentucky (CNN)A federal judge Thursday ordered Rowan County, Kentucky, clerk Kim Davis to jail for refusing heed a U.S. Supreme Court order legalizing same-sex marriage, and she will stay there until she complies with the ruling.

..

During the hearing, one witness told the court that Davis had denied her a marriage license three times, and when Davis took the stand, the clerk explained that she could not issue the licenses because of her religious beliefs.

..

American Civil liberties Union attorneys argued in a motion filed Monday that Davis "continues to collect compensation from the Commonwealth for duties she fails to perform."

..

They said they didn't want her to be jailed as punishment, but rather, the attorneys asked the court to "impose financial penalties sufficiently serious and increasingly onerous" to make her comply with the high court's order.

..

U.S. District Judge David Bunning, however, apparently felt she deserved jail time, but he also told Davis she could end her incarceration by complying with the Supreme Court order and telling her deputy clerks to do the same.

..

Celebrations and protests erupted outside the courthouse when those who attended the hearing exited the courtroom with news of the decision.

..

Davis, an Apostolic Christian who says she has a sincere religious objection to same-sex marriage, has refused to issue any marriage licenses since the Supreme Court decision in June legalizing same-sex marriage.


..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..



Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Copyright Research Guide
Copyright, Intellectual Property and Plagiarism Sources
http://guides.temple.edu/copyright-plagiarism
Fair Use
http://guides.temple.edu/fair-use

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html



..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE : POLICE BRUTALITY : UNITED STATES: CITIES: BALTIMORE, MARYLAND : LAW: CASES: Judge Orders Officers Charged in Freddie Gray Case to be Tried Separately

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE :

POLICE BRUTALITY :

UNITED STATES: CITIES: BALTIMORE, MARYLAND :

LAW: CASES:

Judge Orders Officers Charged in Freddie Gray Case to be Tried Separately

..

..


Judge Orders Officers Charged in Freddie Gray Case to be Tried Separately

September 2, 2015

By Kevin Rector and Justin Fenton

The Baltimore Sun

http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/maryland/freddie-gray/ bs-md-ci-freddie-gray-hearing-20150902-story.html

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/qg79nyv

..

..


circuit judge ruled Wednesday that the case against six Baltimore police officers charged in the arrest and death of Freddie Gray will go forward in separate trials, with Baltimore State's Attorney Marilyn J. Mosby remaining at the helm of the prosecution..

..

During a day of hearings in a downtown courtroom, Judge Barry Williams swiftly sliced through complex legal arguments in the first motions hearing. In three key rulings issued from the bench, he refused to dismiss the charges or recuse Mosby and decided that the case should be split to ensure that each officer gets a fair trial.

..

Williams said that trying the officers together would not be "in the interest of justice" because key evidence that's admissible with regards to one officer may be inadmissible for another. The officers are charged with a range of offenses, from murder to misconduct, as each played a different role in Gray's arrest and transport.

..

The case has sparked widespread protests in Baltimore which continued Wednesday and has become part of a national dialogue about police treatment of black citizens. Gray, 25, died in April one week after suffering a severe spinal cord injury while in police custody.

..

Outside the courtroom, dozens of protesters gathered in peaceful demonstrations and marches through downtown that resulted in one arrest and snarled traffic. Even at this early stage of the court proceedings, organizers said they wanted their voices heard.

..

"It's a step in the right direction," Malcolm Wilson said of Williams' rulings on defense motions to recuse Mosby and dismiss the case. The 23-year-old East Baltimore resident, who said he knew Gray, clutched a white cardboard sign that read, "I am here for Justice for Mr. Gray."

..

snip

..

Interim Police Commissioner Kevin Davis said police wanted to treat "a protest like a protest," and that "by and large, that's exactly what happened." Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake praised the department, saying she and police "will vigorously defend the First Amendment rights of the protesters, but we will also vigorously enforce the order in our city."

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..



Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Copyright Research Guide
Copyright, Intellectual Property and Plagiarism Sources
http://guides.temple.edu/copyright-plagiarism
Fair Use
http://guides.temple.edu/fair-use

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html







..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

TOURISM AND TRAVEL: HERITAGE TOURISM : REFERENCE TOOLS : BOOKS: Finding Heritage Tourism in a Selection of Reference Tools: A Selection of Sources

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


TOURISM AND TRAVEL: HERITAGE TOURISM :

REFERENCE TOOLS :

BOOKS:

Finding Heritage Tourism in a Selection of Reference Tools:
A Selection of Sources and Database Search Results

..

..

WEBBIB1516

http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy

..

..


WEBBIB1516

http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy

..

..


Title A dictionary of travel and tourism terminology
CABI Publishing Series
Cabi Series
Author Allan Beaver
Edition 2, revised
Publisher CABI, 2005
ISBN 0851990207, 9780851990200
Length 409 pages

Definition of heritage tourism

..

Encyclopedia of American Studies
Mid-Atlantic Region

"Even as the region's story seemed most likely to merge with the nation's,
elements of distinctiveness reemerged. The popularity of such concepts as
heritage tourism, "smart growth," and the "new urbanism"-not so much an
innovation but the application of traditional design elements to largely
undifferentiated suburbs-allowed for the rediscovery and reassertion of
distinctiveness. If this region was seeking to establish its identity, it
had much to work with. Even as it has struggled to distinguish its parts
from one another, as well as from the national whole, the Mid-Atlantic has
remained a linchpin in the national experience."
Encyclopedia of American studies
Author: Grolier Educational (Firm)
Publisher: [Danbury, CT] : Grolier, 2005-

..

The Encyclopedia of Ecotourism
Global Growth and Magnitude of Ecotourism

"Cultural and heritage tourism. Culture and history are the most popular
of tourist activities. Experiencing different customs and lifestyles,
learning about historical cultures, visiting historic sites, folklore and
theatre characterizes this type of tourism."
Title The encyclopedia of ecotourism
CABI Publishing Series
Cabi Series
Author David Bruce Weaver
Editor David Bruce Weaver
Edition illustrated, reprint
Publisher CABI, 2001
ISBN 0851993680, 9780851993683
Length 668 pages

..

The Encyclopedia of Ecotourism
Anglo-America

"Hot continental: This region of broadleaved forests (mixed forest and
meadow at higher elevations) contains Great Smoky Mountains National Park,
which is located on the border of Tennessee and North Carolina. It is both
a World Heritage Site and an International Biosphere Reserve, and hosts
over 9 million visits per year. Five different forest types dominate the
Great Smoky Mountains, and together they support 130 species of trees and
4000 other plant species (US National Parks Net, 1999c). Wildlife is also
abundant in the park, including black bear, the reintroduced red wolf,
coyote, bobcat, bats, European boar, the river otter, timber rattlesnake,
copperhead, juncos, cardinals, blue jays, pileated woodpecker and wild
turkeys."

Title The encyclopedia of ecotourism
CABI Publishing Series
Cabi Series
Author David Bruce Weaver
Editor David Bruce Weaver
Edition illustrated, reprint
Publisher CABI, 2001
ISBN 0851993680, 9780851993683
Length 668 pages

..

Pop Culture Latin America! Media, Arts, and Lifestyle
Travel and Tourism

Cited Book:

Zeppel, Heather, and Colin Michael Hall. 1992.
"Arts and Heritage Tourism."
Pp. 47-68 in Special Interest Tourism,
edited by Betty Weiler and Colin Michael Hall.
London: Belhaven Press.

Title Pop culture Latin America!: media, arts, and lifestyle
Popular culture in the contemporary world
Popular Culture Series
Authors Lisa Shaw, Stephanie Dennison
Edition illustrated
Publisher ABC-CLIO, 2005
ISBN 1851095047, 9781851095049
Length 404 pages

..


The Greenwood Encyclopedia of American Regional Cultures:
The Southwest
Folklore

"So many festivals have lately become creations of chambers of
commerce-tourist traps only remotely connected to original meanings and
intentions. As the tide of cultural and heritage tourism rises, more and
more groups are reevaluating their traditional celebrations as ticketable
venues. (Of note, the Texas Historical Commission has instituted a program
whereby agents will meet with interested groups and conduct workshops that
help communities to share resources and draw a greater number of
tourists.) The almighty dollar reigns supreme, and although deeply
religious or traditional performances still hang on in the Southwest, many
are merely vestiges maintained by the pure stubbornness and dedication of
their participants."
Title The Greenwood encyclopedia of American regional cultures
The Greenwood Encyclopedia of American Regional Cultures, William R.
Ferris, ISBN 0313332665, 9780313332661
Contributor William R. Ferris
Publisher Greenwod Press, 2004
ISBN 0313327343, 9780313327346

..


Sports and Recreation
The Greenwood Encyclopedia of American Regional Cultures:
The Great Plains Region

"This chapter examines sport and recreation in the five states that form
the core of the Great Plains: North and South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas,
and Oklahoma. As a means of examining the evolution as well as the social
and economic dimensions of sport and recreation, the discussion is divided
into three sections. The first provides a historical look at sport among
the area's early residents, including Native Americans, soldiers, cowboys,
and homesteaders. The second section examines interest and participation
in community-based sports, high-school and collegiate athletics, and the
professional spectrum. Some unique factors have influenced the development
of sport and recreation in Plains communities, especially settlement
patterns and population density. The final section considers recreational
facilities and heritage tourism."
Title The Greenwood encyclopedia of American regional cultures
The Greenwood Encyclopedia of American Regional Cultures, William R.
Ferris, ISBN 0313332665, 9780313332661
Contributor William R. Ferris
Publisher Greenwod Press, 2004
ISBN 0313327343, 9780313327346

..

ETHNICITY i
The Greenwood Encyclopedia of American Regional Cultures:
The South

"Now identifying themselves as having Native American, African American,
and English, Scots-Irish, Tunisian, Portuguese, or other Mediterranean
ancestry, Melungeons problematize the usual binary categorization of
"race." They populate areas from southeastern Kentucky to east Tennessee
and southwest Virginia in unknown numbers. John Shelton Reed cited those
who dared to advance any population figure, however imprecise, as
estimating the Melungeon population at 5,000 to 15,000. Christopher
Everett notes that there have been other, more sensational, estimates as
high as 200,000.78 The 1990s saw the development of Melungeon family
reunions, cookbooks, historic preservation efforts, and heritage tourism
to Turkey (another possible ancestral homeland).79 In Barbour and Taylor
counties of West Virginia, those of mixed African, Native American, and
European ancestry are called "Guineas." The Melungeons of Louisiana have
been called "Redbones," and number perhaps 20,000."
Title The Greenwood encyclopedia of American regional cultures
The Greenwood Encyclopedia of American Regional Cultures, William R.
Ferris, ISBN 0313332665, 9780313332661
Contributor William R. Ferris
Publisher Greenwod Press, 2004
ISBN 0313327343, 9780313327346

..

Bank
The Encyclopedia of Tourism and Recreation in Marine Environments

"The Georges and Grand Banks are significant for maritime heritage tourism
in Atlantic Canada and New England, respectively. In the 1890s, spectator
vessels from ports like Boston turned out to watch merchant sailing boats,
often designed by America's Cup yacht designers, racing to Gloucester
(USA) with fresh fish from these fisheries."

Title The encyclopedia of tourism and recreation in marine environments
Cabi Series
Author Michael Lk
Editor Michael Lk
Edition illustrated
Publisher CABI, 2008
ISBN 1845933508, 9781845933500
Length 587 pages

..


Heritage
The Encyclopedia of Tourism and Recreation in Marine Environments

"Often, the promotion and acceptance of heritage is supported by
governments and private investments for the economic benefits that can
evolve through heritage tourism. As a subgroup of tourism, heritage
tourism has evolved as travel to specific locations to experience cultural
and/or natural heritage. The heritage of a destination can help to create
a destination's image and attract both domestic and international
tourists. Visitors to heritage sites learn about history, culture and
nature through interpretation, which is often provided by a knowledgeable
tour guide."
Title The encyclopedia of tourism and recreation in marine environments
Cabi Series
Author Michael Lk
Editor Michael Lk
Edition illustrated
Publisher CABI, 2008
ISBN 1845933508, 9781845933500
Length 587 pages

..

Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World Dictionary
Route 66 Festival

"The movement to "Save Historic Route 66" by promoting heritage tourism
along the historic highway began in the late 1960s and has been going on
ever since. Route 66 festivals have been held in several towns and cities
located along the old highway, particularly Landergin, Texas, Albuquerque,
New Mexico, and Clinton, Oklahoma, where the Route 66 Museum is located.
They feature such events as lectures by authors who have written books
about the highway, the showing of films involving Route 66, photographic
and art exhibits, and music by such well-known performers as the late
Bobby Troup, best remembered for his hit song, "Get Your Kicks on Route
66."
Title Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World Dictionary:
Detailing Nearly 2,500 Observances from All 50 States and More Than 100
Nations
Holidays, Festivals and Celebrations of the World Dictionary
Editor Cherie D. Abbey
Edition 4, revised
Publisher Omnigraphics, 2010
ISBN 0780809947, 9780780809949
Length 1323 pages

..

Keywords for American Cultural Studies
Region

To engage this paradox requires an explanation of how the term has been
institutionalized. That regions are place-defined and fixed is a pervasive
assumption in the United States, embedded in the local historical
societies sponsored by innumerable villages, towns, and cities throughout
the nation; in the promotion of regional cuisines and lifestyles (e.g.,
Southern Living); and in the heritage tourism that is so widely embraced
as a source of income that the website of the Vermont Arts Council
advertises a "Cultural Heritage Tourism Toolkit." The assumption also
informs the centers for regional studies that have proliferated in recent
decades, including the 1999 National Endowment for the Humanities
initiative to launch ten regional humanities centers devoted to developing
a "sense of place" that would underwrite the study of regional "history,
people, [and] cultures." For over a century, scholarship on U.S. culture,
too, has presumed place as a given and viewed it as the most important
component of various regionalisms. In canonical accounts, "regions"
emerged when areas that had been "sections" of the federated nation-rural
New England, the South, the West and Midwest-were integrated into a
unified postbellum industrial capitalist, democratic nation. While history
and political economy informed these accounts, regions have been conceived
in accordance with a spatial metaphor-as physically, culturally, and
economically distant from a presumed national center.
Title Keywords for American cultural studies
Authors Bruce Burgett, Glenn Hendler
Editors Bruce Burgett, Glenn Hendler
Publisher NYU Press, 2007
ISBN 0814799485, 9780814799482
Length 288 pages

..

The Dictionary of Human Geography
Chinatown

"Chinatown landscapes are also increasingly revitalized for the purposes
of heritage tourism or promoted as gentrified, conservation settings to
enhance urban aesthetics in globalizing cities. Along with other ethnic
neighbourhoods ranging from Koreatown to Little India, Chinatown as the
inscription of race in place has continued to evolve in tandem not only
with immigration dynamics but with the politics of place."
The Dictionary of Human Geography
Publisher: Oxford : Blackwell, 2001.
Edition/Format: Book : English : 4th ed

..

Encyclopedia of Urban America:
The Cities and Suburbs
Cultural Tourism

Title Encyclopedia of Urban America: The Cities and Suburbs, Volumes 1-2
Author Neil Larry Shumsky
Editor Neil Larry Shumsky
Publisher ABC-CLIO, 1998
Original from the University of Michigan
Digitized Dec 27, 2007
ISBN 0874368464, 9780874368468
Length 974 pages

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The Encyclopedia of Ecotourism
Policy and Planning

"Florida, USA
In Florida, ecotourism policy has been developed through a cooperative
effort of many public, private and not-for-profit enterprises, including
all levels of government, commercial enterprises, conservation
organizations, historical and archaeological groups, museums, the tourism
industry, tourism commissions and councils, and operators. Florida's
ecotourism policy, developed by the Ecotourism/Heritage Tourism Advisory
Committee (1997), is a blueprint for the state's future development of
ecotourism and heritage tourism. It identifies goals, strategies and
recommendations to protect and promote the natural, coastal, historical
and cultural assets of Florida, with the purpose of linking these to
commercial tourism in Florida."

Title The encyclopedia of ecotourism
CABI Publishing Series
Cabi Series
Author David Bruce Weaver
Editor David Bruce Weaver
Edition illustrated, reprint
Publisher CABI, 2001
ISBN 0851993680, 9780851993683
Length 668 pages

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MILLER, TOBY. "Cultural Policy." The Encyclopedia of Literary and Cultural
Theory. Ryan, Michael (ed). Blackwell Publishing, 2011. Blackwell
Reference Online. 18 April 2011

Since the late twentieth century, First World economic production has been
shifting from a farming and manufacturing base to a cultural one,
harnessing the cultural skills of the population to jobs in music,
theater, animation, recording, radio, TV, architecture, software, design,
toys, books, heritage, tourism, advertising, fashion, crafts, photography,
the internet, and cinema. The International Intellectual Property Alliance
estimates that the copyright industries (their term for the cultural
industries) were worth US $ 1.38 trillion in the US in 2005 - 11.12
percent of total gross domestic product - and were responsible for 23.78
percent of growth in the overall economy. The sector employs more than 11
million people across the country, which is over 8 percent of the
workforce. And in terms of foreign sales, 2005 exports of music, software,
film, television, and print were US $110.82 billion (Siwek 2006).
..

Chapter Twenty-Five.
History and Memory
David Glassberg
Glassberg, David.
"History and Memory." A Companion to American Cultural History. Halttunen,
Karen (ed).
Blackwell Publishing, 2008.

In applying these insights concerning memory and environment to the study
of the past, historians can examine the extent to which Americans' high
degree of geographical mobility undermined their ability to identify with
distinctive places and local histories. I have suggested elsewhere
(Glassberg 2001) that the experience of geographic mobility socialized
Americans to form attachments in memory to multiple locales. Among the
distinctive memory practices that developed in nineteenth-century America
were Pioneer Societies celebrating the first (white) settlers in a town,
Old Home Week and periodic reunions of former residents, and the formation
of social organizations in distant places based on members' attachment to
where they used to live, such as the Sons of New England in California.
Much of the local-color literature popular in late nineteenth-century
America consisted of memoirs written by authors who had long departed the
places they wrote about. A nation of immigrants on the move, Americans
seemed to be always remembering a home somewhere else, either in another
part of the United States or overseas, or else remembering a past local
environment dramatically different from that of their present. In the
twentieth century, the sentiment for remembered places fueled the
emergence of museum villages, historic preservation, and heritage tourism.

..

24. Redefining Englishness:
British Short Fiction from 1945 to the Present
James M. Lang

Lang, James M. "Redefining Englishness:
British Short Fiction from 1945 to the Present."
A Companion to the British and Irish Short Story.
Malcolm, Cheryl Alexander and David Malcolm (eds).
Blackwell Publishing, 2008.

"Julian Maclaren-Ross's short fiction, first published in the early 1940s
and continuing to appear through the latter half of the 1950s, tends to
focus on one of two realms of human experience: army life, or the bohemian
world of writers and artists constantly in search of money and drink. As
Paul Willets observes of the settings of his short fiction, "the world of
Maclaren-Ross's writing tends to be the dingy, down-at-heel world of
smoke-veiled bars, rented lodgings, blacked-out streets, and wartime army
garrisons" (Maclaren-Ross 2004: 7). A story which captures well the
transition from the old England landscape to that of the post-war period
describes the journey of the narrator and his girlfriend from London to
Oxford. The two of them are "determined to get away from London for a bit"
(Maclaren-Ross 2004: 83), in search of more picturesque settings. They
settle on Oxford which, for the narrator, "was associated in my mind with
grey stones and sported oaks and cloistral calm" (Maclaren-Ross 2004:
183). The narrator splurges on first-class train tickets, but the
carriages are all full so they stand for the entire trip. Once there, the
narrator's expectations of the beautiful scenery he hopes to find are
immediately dashed: "My mental picture of the place may have been muddled,
but I did expect to see from the window a perspective of dreaming spires.
I saw instead a gasworks. This was immediately blotted out by an
advertisement for timber and a line of trucks filled with coal"
(Maclaren-Ross 2004: 183). Hence not merely have the natural landscapes
given way to the pressures of urbanization, but also the historical
monuments and scenes upon which England's heritage and tourism industry
largely rests. They have become blighted with the needs of life in the
modern city (the gasworks and coal trucks), and the increasingly
consumer-oriented culture of the late twentieth century (the
advertisement). For the remainder of the story, the two main characters
wander about in a futile search for a night's lodging, only to have to
give up and catch the last train back to London. Symbolically, the England
they sought in Oxford - the England of monuments and greenery - has
disappeared."

..

Chapter 13.
Heritage
Steven Hoelscher
Hoelscher, Steven.
"Heritage."
A Companion to Museum Studies.
Macdonald, Sharon (ed).
Blackwell Publishing, 2006.

..

31.
Recent and Contemporary Women Writers in the South
Sharon Monteith
Monteith, Sharon.
"Recent and Contemporary Women Writers in the South."
A Companion to the Literature and Culture of the American South.
Gray, Richard and Owen Robinson (eds).
Blackwell Publishing, 2004.

"From Ellen Glasgow and Eudora Welty to Alice Walker and Ellen Douglas, a
sense of place has proved a resonant feature of fiction. Josephine
Humphreys asserts "Fiction must take place" and in Rich in Love (1987) two
characters take a tour of Charleston, the city in which they have grown up
and which they still call home. They experience what has come to be
recognized as heritage tourism ("the smell of bus fuel had become the
dominant smell of the city") as they take in Fort Sumter, Boone Hall
Plantation, and the Old Slave Mart Museum. One character, Rhody, disguises
herself before joining the tourists in order to gain a different
perspective on the South she knows so well, otherwise "You get in your
way." One way of expanding tropes of one's region is through
deterritorialization, as Deleuze and Guattari describe it in On the Line
(1983). From an estranged, displaced perspective the South is divested of
its seemingly generic in dual-location novels where comparative landscapes
become symbolic of cultural interaction and exchange. In The Color Purple
the two sisters spend much of their lives writing back and forth between
Africa and Georgia and in In Country Sam's fixation on Vietnam extends
into a meditation on the temporal and historical connection between
Hopewell, Kentucky and Quang Ngai, as signaled in her father's life and
death"
..

Chapter Seven.
African Americans
Philip D. Morgan

Morgan, Philip D.
"African Americans."
A Companion to Colonial America.
Vickers, Daniel (ed).
Blackwell Publishing, 2005.

"Perhaps the most notable popular development of the past decade or so is
African Americans' willingness to engage with, rather than ignore,
slavery. For too long, most American blacks, in Toni Morrison's memorable
words, preferred to forget the unforgettable and leave the unspeakable
unspoken. That stance has been changing, although slowly and with notable
setbacks, as in 1995 when black employees at the Library of Congress
managed to remove an exhibition about slave housing because they claimed
it was humiliating. But, at plantations all across America, descendants of
slaves are now honoring their ancestors. On January 1,2001, for example,
exactly two hundred years after Martha Washington freed her husband's
slaves, their descendants gathered at Mount Vernon to share stories and
pay tribute to the men and women who "helped build a nation." When news
reports revealed that 400 of the 650 workers who built the White House and
the first phase of the Capitol in the 1790s were black slaves, two black
representatives (one Republican, the other a Democrat) immediately called
for a memorial to recognize their achievements. Powerful new gene
technology is being enlisted in black Americans' search for their African
ancestry. The aim is to find out the probable African region of origin and
restore the specifics of identity lost under slavery. Seeking cultural, as
opposed to genetic, roots inspires a form of heritage tourism - to the
former slave castles and forts along the west coast of Africa. When the
Association of Black Psychologists held its first overseas conference in
Ghana, one of its organizers touted the therapeutic value of reconnecting
to a painful past. Many black churches in the nation have been replacing
white with black figures in biblical art and stained glass. Perhaps most
striking is the growing number of African Americans who collect relics of
slavery - shackles, neck collars, branding irons, bills of sale,
emancipation papers, and the like. For these African Americans, laying
claim to, and making sense of, America's most shameful legacy are prime
motivations. Slavery has become a subject of pride, not shame; the slaves'
survival skills, despite the restraints placed on them, are emphasized.
Individuals are taking their collections to schools and colleges to make
sure that the "Black Holocaust" - for many activists, the preferred term
for slavery - is never forgotten."

..


Tourism and National Heritage (U.S.)
Source: Encyclopedia of Race and Racism.
Ed. John Hartwell Moore. Vol. 3.
Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2008.
p134-144.

"Heritage tourism is a form of cultural tourism. According to Bob
McKercher and Hilary du Cros (2002), cultural tourism builds on "a
community or a nation's cultural heritage assets" (p. 7). According to the
International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS), heritage includes
both tangible and intangible assets, culturally significant places both
built and natural, collections of papers and artifacts, and "past and
continuous cultural practices, knowledge, and living experiences" (ICOMOS,
1999, p. 7). African American heritage tourism is therefore part of the
cultural discourse of both communities and nations. In addition to a
resurgence of interest in and development of heritage tourist sites in the
United States, African American heritage travel includes travel to African
nations such as Senegal and Ghana, nations of the Caribbean, as well as
Europe, Latin America, and Canada.

African American heritage tourism raises issues of how history and
heritage are spoken of, the interests of potential audiences and funders,
and conflicting perspectives on the meaning of historical events,
artifacts, personages, and sites. The inclusion of African American
heritage and its movement from margin to center in U.S. history is itself
a radical revisioning of national heritage."
..

Title: Cultural Conservation
Author(s): Justin M. Nolan Source:
Encyclopedia of Anthropology.
Ed. H. James Birx. Vol. 2.
Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Reference, 2006. p625-626.

"Cultural resources are malleable, and as such, they can be reconstituted
and presented to the public as nostalgic expressions of "living history."
Region-specific customs and materials have persevered as tourist
commodities, such as sea grass baskets in coastal South Carolina,
Amish-made quilts in central Pennsylvania, maple syrup in upstate Vermont,
or woven blankets sold on Navajo reservations. Visitors to folk cultural
regions can now visit theme parks and museums demonstrating romantic and
mythical images of past ways of life. While the promotion of cultural
resources for mainstream consumption may seem to undermine their
authenticity, "heritage tourism" can indeed reaffirm cultural cohesiveness
and thus help ensure the rejuvenation of living traditions and
expressions. Accordingly, the manipulation of tradition is not
degenerative to cultural continuity, but an adaptive response to
commercialization."

..

Title: Museums
Author(s): Isabel Wollaston
Source: A Dictionary of Jewish-Christian Relations.
Ed. Edward Kessler and Neil Wenborn.
Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 2005. p304.

"There is a contemporary resurgence of interest in Jewish culture,
reflected in the number of museums, festivals (e.g. Krak's Festival of
Jewish Culture, established by two non-Jews in 1988) and organisations
(e.g. the Council of American Jewish Museums (1977)). As Ruth Gruber
notes, Jewish culture is increasingly produced and consumed by non-Jews:
'in scores of cities, villages, and towns where few or no Jews live today,
local Jewish history is being reclaimed, recognised, exhibited, and
exploited as part of local Jewish heritage' (Virtually Jewish: Reinventing
Jewish Culture in Europe, 75). In part, such interest stems from the
growing popularity of roots/heritage tourism. In part, particularly in
central and eastern Europe, it is a genuine attempt to rethink local and
national identities by integrating a country's relations with its Jewish
community into its own self-understanding and history."

..

Title: Archaeology
Author(s): Christina B. Rieth
Source: Encyclopedia of Anthropology.
Ed. H. James Birx. Vol. 1.
Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Reference, 2006. p236-244.

Archaeology in the 21st Century

"In the 21st century, archaeologists have and will continue to face new
challenges when reconstructing the past. Included among these challenges
are the involvement of Native American groups in reconstructing their own
past history, the increasing destruction of sites at the hands of human
and nonhuman factors, and the increasing importance of heritage tourism in
promoting the historic resources of a region."

..

Title: State Parks
Author(s): John Confer
Source: Encyclopedia of Recreation and Leisure in America.
Ed. Gary S. Cross. Vol. 2.
Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2004. p312-315.

"The state park systems are managed by a number of different agencies and
departments in the various state governments. Typically, state park
systems are housed as a division or bureau in a department of
conservation, natural resources, or environmental protection, much the
same as the National Park Service is an agency within the U.S. Department
of Interior. However, this is not always the case: some are located in
tourism or recreation departments, while in a few states they operate as
independent cabinet-level departments. Additionally, the management styles
vary considerably across the states. Some state parks focus primarily on
preservation and offer little in the way of developed amenities, while
others offer highly-developed facilities, including a range of recreation
opportunities and even full-service resorts. Still others remain primarily
undeveloped wildlands focusing on the provision of dispersed outdoor
recreation opportunities. Many state park systems have shifted their
management focus toward nature-based tourism, heritage tourism, and
ecotourism. This alliance with tourism has increased park visitation and
helped grow park budgets."

..

Leisure
Source: Europe Since 1914:
Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction.
Ed. John Merriman and Jay Winter. Vol. 3.
Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2006. p1637-1643.

Increasingly, European families spend larger portions of their income on
their homes and furnishings, suggesting a domestication of leisure. While
in 1950 food comprised 49 percent of the average French family budget and
housing absorbed merely 14 percent, by 1985 food decreased to 19 percent
and housing costs rose to 26 percent of family income. Suburbanization and
detached houses gradually supplanted the traditional urban apartment
living, and with these changes came new domestic leisure endeavors,
especially the do-it-yourself movement. Automobile ownership also rose
sharply, from 10 percent of French households in 1950 to 75 percent by
1980. The popularization of the family car transformed tourism.
Blackpool's Central Station, the great railway hub of tourist arrivals as
recently as the early 1950s, closed in 1964, reflecting the rising
importance of the bus as well as the private car. Even more, the car
facilitated holiday trips to quieter or sunnier climes in southwest
England or on the European continent. It also increased the popularity of
heritage tourism to ancient estates and castles.
..

Tourism
Author(s): Nelson H. H. Graburn
Source: Encyclopedia of Modern Asia.
Ed. Karen Christensen and David Levinson. Vol. 5.
New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2002. p514-522.

"This nostalgia encompasses local attractions in the countryside, old
neighborhoods in cities, "lineage tourism," in which city dwellers visit
ancestral home communities, and "heritage tourism," in which, for example,
affluent urbanites of Hong Kong who could not visit their own home
villages adopted the nearby Ping Shan walled community."

..

Landscape and Settlement
Author(s): Patrick J. Duffy
Source: Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture.
Ed. James S. Donnelly, Jr.. Vol. 1.
Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2004. p359-367.

"The Irish heritage in buildings is modest by European standards. Before
the seventeenth century, Ireland was a comparatively underdeveloped and
politically fragmented entity, thus preventing the articulation of a
significant island-wide economy. Unlike the rest of Europe, where
significant remnants of the medieval-built environment survive, military
and economic instability meant that most Irish medieval structures have
been in ruins for more than three hundred years. The majority of inherited
structures still in use today originated largely in the eighteenth and
nineteenth centuries. The more significant buildings are the mansion
houses of the wealthy landed elite-referred to as the "Big Houses" of the
gentry, or as "stately homes" by heritage tourism-which accompany
estates."

..

Rapa Nui
Author(s): Miki Makihara
Source: Encyclopedia of Anthropology.
Ed. H. James Birx. Vol. 5.
Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Reference, 2006. p1985-1989.

"Except for the attention of anthropologists and archaeologists, such as
the 1934-35 Franco-Belgian expedition led by Alfred Mraux and Henri
Lavachery and the 1955-56 Norwegian expedition with Heyerdahl and William
Mulloy, Rapa Nui remained largely isolated from the world until the
mid-1960s. Until then, an annual cargo ship had been the primary form of
communication and transportation. In the 1960s, a campaign of civil
disobedience led by Alfonso Rapu, a young teacher who had been trained in
Chile, finally brought about the end of Navy rule, which had controlled
the island since 1955. Responding to this movement, Chile established a
local civil administration in 1966 and opened regular air travel from the
capital of Santiago shortly after. The Rapa Nui were then, for the first
time, granted rights to travel freely within and outside the island and to
participate in electoral political processes, leading to the election of
the first Rapa Nui mayor. The rapid integration of this community into the
national and global economy in the years that followed has led to
accelerated acculturation, intermarriage, and language shift from Rapa Nui
to Spanish. At the same time, however, the Rapa Nui community has become
actively involved in the development of heritage tourism and restoration
projects of the archaeological patrimony, and have led a largely
successful cultural revival movement."

..

heritage tourism
Canadians absorb much of their knowledge of the past from historic sites,
landscapes, buildings, and plaques. Heritage tourism is both an activity
pursued by travellers and a component of a major service industry. It
mixes travel and recreation with ...

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History
Edited by Gerald Hallowell
1,700 entries
This is the essential reference title for all those interested in Canadian
History. From the Norse to Nunavut, The Oxford Companion to Canadian
History provides an authoritative and comprehensive guide to the
significant events, issues, institutions, places, and people that have
shaped Canada from earliest times to the prese

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PUNCTUATION : HISTORY : LANGUAGE AND LINGUISTICS: The Mysterious Origins of Punctuation

David P. Dillard
 

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PUNCTUATION :

HISTORY :

LANGUAGE AND LINGUISTICS:

The Mysterious Origins of Punctuation

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The Mysterious Origins of Punctuation

By Keith Houston

2 September 2015

BBC

http://www.bbc.com/culture/story/ 20150902-the-mysterious-origins-of-punctuation

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A shorter URL for the above link:

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http://tinyurl.com/nbjzk7f

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Commas, semicolons and question marks are so commonplace it seems as if they were always there but thats not the case. Keith Houston explains their history.

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Aristophanes breakthrough was to suggest that readers could annotate their documents, relieving the unbroken stream of text with dots of ink aligned with the middle (), bottom (.) or top () of each line. His subordinate, intermediate and full points corresponded to the pauses of increasing length that a practised reader would habitually insert between formal units of speech called the comma, colon and periodos. This was not quite punctuation as we know it Aristophanes saw his marks as representing simple pauses rather than grammatical boundaries but the seed had been planted.

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Unfortunately, not everyone was convinced of the value of this new invention. When the Romans overtook the Greeks as the preeminent empire-builders of the ancient world, they abandoned Aristophanes system of dots without a second thought. Cicero, for example, one of Romes most famous public speakers, told his rapt audiences that the end of a sentence ought to be determined not by the speakers pausing for breath, or by a stroke interposed by a copyist, but by the constraint of the rhythm.

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And though the Romans had experimented for a while with separatingwordswithdots, by the second century CE they had abandoned that too. The cult of public speaking was a strong one, to the extent that all reading was done aloud: most scholars agree that the Greeks and Romans got round their lack of punctuation by murmuring aloud as they read through texts of all kinds.

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Writing comes of age

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It was the rise of a quite different kind of cult that resuscitated Aristophanes foray into punctuation. As the Roman Empire crumbled in the 4th and 5th Centuries, Romes pagans found themselves fighting a losing battle against a new religion called Christianity. Whereas pagans had always passed along their traditions and culture by word of mouth, Christians preferred to write down their psalms and gospels to better spread the word of God. Books became an integral part of the Christian identity, acquiring decorative letters and paragraph marks (G, , 7, and others), and many were lavishly illustrated with gold leaf and intricate paintings.

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As it spread across Europe, Christianity embraced writing and rejuvenated punctuation. In the 6th Century, Christian writers began to punctuate their own works long before readers got their hands on them in order to protect their original meaning. Later, in the 7th Century, Isidore of Seville (first an archbishop and later beatified to become a saint, though sadly not for his services to punctuation) described an updated version of Aristophanes system in which he rearranged the dots in order of height to indicate short (.), medium () and long () pauses respectively.


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The complete article may be read at the URL above.

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Shady Characters:
The Secret Life of Punctuation, Symbols, and Other Typographical Marks
Author Keith Houston
Publisher W. W. Norton & Company, 2013
ISBN 0393241548, 9780393241549
Length 320 pages

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AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Copyright Research Guide
Copyright, Intellectual Property and Plagiarism Sources
http://guides.temple.edu/copyright-plagiarism
Fair Use
http://guides.temple.edu/fair-use

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html



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Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

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