+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE. - Volume 17, Issue 24, December 5, 2018.

David Dillard


Laura Carlson <>

Wed, Dec 5, 2018, 7:35 AM
to webdev
- Volume 17, Issue 24, December 5, 2018.

An email newsletter to distribute news and information about web
design and development.


SECTION ONE: New references.
What's new at the Web Design Reference site?
New links in these categories:

03: COLOR.
07: HTML.
12: XML.

13: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?

[Contents ends.]

++ SECTION ONE: New references.


Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.1-for People Who Haven't Read the Update
By Alan Dalton.
"…These new criteria make it easier than ever for us web geeks to
produce work that is more accessible to people using mobile devices
and touchscreens, people with low vision, and people with cognitive
and learning disabilities…"

Web Accessibility and Autism
By Rakesh Paladugula.
"…Below are some guidelines from this  WCAG checklist  that meets the
needs of people with autism…"

A Guide to Creating Accessible Animations
By Anna Monus.
"Animated interfaces can cause headaches, nausea, dizziness, and other
health problems for many people…"

WebAIM's Survey of Low Vision Users #2: What Do We Aake of It?
By Sathish Kumar.
"…The design with its visual aspects must be flexible, accommodative
and allow for user customization in order to achieve the high
inclusivity. Only then, we would see the high number of respondents
who would proclaim that the web is inclusive and accessible. It is not
only the task of the AT vendors to help achieve this…"

Create Custom Keyboard Accessible Checkboxes
By Lindsey Kopacz.
"I've seen a ton of designers make these GORGEOUS checkbox styles, but
then you see them implemented and you can't even select it using your

Instagram is Now Using AI to Describe Photos for Users with Visual Impairments
By Ashley Carman.
"Instagram announced today that it's rolling out new features that
will make the app easier to use for people with visual impairments…"

Testing, Testing, 1, 2, 3 - Large-scale Broadcast Event Usability and
By Kris Schulze.
"…How do we best host a broadcast event for all 2,300 MNIT staff while
planning for inclusion from the start?…"

How to Create Accessibility Statements
By Shadi Abou-Zahra.
"…Developing an Accessibility Statement provides guidance, a free
generator tool, and examples, to help you create accessibility
statements…" Sued by Blind Man Who Says He Can't Fully 'Enjoy' the Website
By Tim Kenneally.
"… was sued Wednesday by a legally blind man who says that
the site, as well as, aren't equally accessible to the
blind and visually impaired…"

DeVos' Inspector General to Audit Dismissals of Civil Rights Complaints
By Annie Waldman.
"The review could shed light on the Education Department's reluctance,
documented by a series of ProPublica articles, to investigate alleged
discrimination by school districts and colleges…"

Ed Department Reopening Hundreds Of Disability-Related Complaints
By Courtney Perkes.
"The U.S. Department of Education is reversing course after being sued
over changes to its handling of disability discrimination complaints
in schools…"


Programming CSS
By Jeremy Keith.
"There's a worrying tendency 'real' programmers look down their noses at CSS…"

Resilient CSS: 7-Part (Video) Series
By Jen Simmons.
"Learn to write CSS that works in every browser at the same time - old
and new. You can use brand new features in CSS, while still supporting
people who have old software. You just have to know how. Let me show

+03: COLOR.

Contrast and Color Accessibility
By WebAIM.
"We've updated and significantly expanded our article on contrast and
color usage to include testing with various tools."

Updated Color Contrast Checker
By WebAIM.
"The popular WebAIM Color Contrast Checker has been updated to provide
feedback on meeting WCAG 2.1's 3:1 contrast ratio requirements for
graphical objects and user interface components."

+04: DRUPAL.

Drupal Admin UX Study: What We Can Learn from Contentful, Craft CMS,
Squarespace, and WordPress
By Suzanne Dergacheva.
"There is exciting work being done in the Drupal community to improve
the Admin UI, including the JavaScript Modernization Initiative and an
overhaul of the look and feel of the Seven theme. Meanwhile, I've been
working with a group in the Drupal community to research what user
experience improvements we should be making for content editors…"


Automated Testing for Web Accessibility
By Anders Fredericksen.
"…some general concepts are important for organizations to understand
as they undertake initiatives and adopt automated tools…"

Quick Test: Large Touch Targets
By Eric Bailey.
"A touch target is the total area a user can click or tap on to
activate an interactive element such as a link, input, or button…"

10 Diagrams to Help You Think Straight About UX Research
By David Travis.
"Some of the problems we work on as UX researchers are simple and are
easily solved by getting users in front of our product. But other
problems can be complex and it's hard to know how to start solving
them. In situations like that, a simple 2x2 diagram can cut through
the "what ifs", the "how abouts" and the edge cases and provide a
simple way of looking at the problem. Here are 10 examples of 2x2
diagrams to simplify UX research discussions"

+06: EVENTS.

Intro to Audio Description
January 17, 2018.

Washington DC UX Conference
April 27-May 3, 2019.
Washington D.C., U.S.A.

Technical Communication Summit
May 5-8, 2019.
Denver, Colorado, U.S.A.

+07: HTML.

The 'D' in the DOM
By Anthony Jeffery.
"It's within the Document Object Model (DOM) that we find one of the
keys to building accessible things for the web: the document. Anthony
Jeffery helps us decide what HTML elements to use to lay the
foundation for an accessible document."

Just Markup
By Michael Scharnagl.
"When I started working as a Front-end Developer (or rather Web
designer, as people doing HTML, CSS and a bit of JavaScript were
usually called back then), all the Back-end people working at the
company *laughed* at me because I was 'just' doing HTML and CSS and
not 'real programming'…"


Unraveling a Complex UX Problem - How a Greek Myth Helped Me Conquer
Information Architecture
By Amy Rosenbaum.
"…I now know that I can use patience, creative thinking, and the right
UX tools to unravel even the knottiest problems."


What, Exactly, Is the DOM?
By Ire Aderinokun.
"The Document Object Model, or the 'DOM', is an interface to web
pages. It is essentially an API to the page, allowing programs to read
and manipulate the page's content, structure, and styles. Let's break
this down…"


What Is Design Thinking, Really? (What Practitioners Say)
By Sarah Gibbons.
"The majority of UX and design professionals define design thinking
roughly the same, regardless of industry and experience, but there's
no agreement on the specifics."

Giving Back to the Community
By Mike Gifford.
"Mike Gifford challenges us to try a new way of giving back. Not by
writing an article, proposing a talk or organizing an accessibility
awareness event, but by making the internet more accessible by

Stories from the Trenches: What I've learned from Working as a Blind
Developer for a Sighted Dev Team
By Florian Beijers.
"In this article, developer Florian Beijers shares his experiences
with the employment process and his experiences with developer tools;
the struggles as well as the positives of a blind developer."


Animations are Distracting! (Video)
By Aurora Harley.
"Moving UI elements attract attention, which often means distracting
users from accomplishing their primary goals. Some types of animations
are more distracting than others, and it's important to match how
attention-grabbing the motion is to the context and user needs."

The Hidden UX Lessons From Your Favourite Christmas Movie Characters
By Eleanor McKenna.
"…I've rounded up wisdom from nine Christmas characters as lessons you
can apply to your own design process…"

Three Contexts for Evaluating Organizational Usability
By Morten Hertzum.
"Organizational usability is about the match between the user and the
system, between the organization and the system, and between the
environment and the system. While the first of these matches can, to a
large extent, be evaluated in the lab, the two others cannot.
Organizational usability must instead be evaluated in situ, that is,
while the system is used for real work…"

The Mobile Checkout Experience
By Anna Kaley.
"Optimize the checkout experience on mobile ecommerce channels by
taking into account the strengths and limitations of mobile devices.
Aim to minimize the number of steps and typing, and take advantage of
capabilities such as geolocation and the camera."

The State of UX in 2019
By Fabricio Teixeira, Caio Braga.
"…a holistic analysis of UX Design as a discipline: the tools we use,
the methods we apply every day, the technologies we design around, the
career challenges we experience, and how our community is responsible
for what's happening in the world around us - the one that we,
consciously or not, have helped design…"

+12: XML.

Accessible SVG Icons with Inline Sprites
By Marco Hengstenberg.
"At a certain stage in a project someone always comes in and says: 'We
need icons!' And why do people need icons? Whatever the reasoning may
be, we need to make sure that people who can't see or recognize these
icons can understand their purpose. Marco Hengstenberg visits the
practice of using SVG icons with inline sprites, and how to ensure
these icons are accessible."

Accessible SVG: Methods for Adding Alternative Content
By Carie Fisher.
"Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) are XML-based vector images…"

[Section one ends.]


+13: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?

Accessibility Information.

Association Information.

Book Listings.

Cascading Style Sheets Information.

Color Information.

Drupal Information.

Evaluation & Testing Information.

Event Information.

HTML Information.

Information Architecture Information.

JavaScript Information.

Miscellaneous Web Information.

Navigation Information.

PHP Information.

Sites & Blogs Listing.

Standards, Guidelines & Pattern Information.

Tool Information.

Typography Information.

Usability Information.

XML Information.

[Section two ends.]



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Until next time,

Laura L. Carlson
Information Technology Systems and Services
University of Minnesota Duluth
Duluth, MN U.S.A. 55812-3009

[Issue ends.]