+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE. - Volume 17, Issue 43, April 16, 2019.

David Dillard


- Volume 17, Issue 43, April 16, 2019. 

An email newsletter to distribute news and information about web 
design and development. 


SECTION ONE: New references. 
What's new at the Web Design Reference site? 
New links in these categories: 

03: DRUPAL. 
05: EVENTS. 
06: HTML. 
10: TOOLS. 

13: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site? 

[Contents ends.] 

++ SECTION ONE: New references. 


The Complete Guide to Captioned Videos 
By Meryl K. Evans. 
"Born profoundly deaf, I've depended on captions since getting my 
first big clunky decoder in 1983…This guide will dive into why 
captioning matters, how it provides a huge ROI, 10 rules for creating 
great captions, and how to caption your videos…" 

Is Your Web Site Really Accessible? 
By Nicolò Carpignoli. 
"Why accessibility matters and how you can check and eventually fix it 
on your website…" 

Power to the People, Freedom for Your Code 
By Eric Eggert. 
Eric's April 2019 presentation slides from Funka Accessibility Days in 
Stockholm, Sweden. 

Accessibility Events 
By Mat Marquis. 
"…I won't play a part in helping to propagate the mistake Apple's 
developers made. I'll let my answer hang heavy and uncomfortable in 
the air: no. Not because we can't-we can. Not because we shouldn't, 
though, no, we still shouldn't. No-now, I will allow the word to 
become as coarse as I had always wanted it to be, because I no longer 
have the cold comfort of "well, technically" to hide behind." 

About Accessibility Events (Hat tip to Leonie Watson) 
By Apple. 
"It's experimental. It's enabled by default in the OS, but not the 
browser. It enables detection of events fired only when an AT is 
running, but not the type of AT that is enabled." 

Top 5 Questions Asked in Accessibility Trainings 
By Carie Fisher. 
"…Below are the top five questions that I hear most often and some 
context/resources to learn a bit more about each…" 

University of Louisville Being Investigated for Possible Disability 
By Morgan Watkins. 
"The U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights is 
investigating the University of Louisville for possible 
disability-related discrimination. University spokesman John Karman 
confirmed that the Office for Civil Rights has launched a case, which 
specifically concerns website and online course accessibility." 

2019 CSUNATC Digital Accessibility Legal Update 
By Lainey Feingold. 
"…This is a post about laws and cases about the rights of disabled 
people to be part of the digital world. Every year Lainey Feingold 
does a talk at the CSUN conference about what's new in the legal 
world. This post described what Lainey talked about…" 


Are Nested Grids Like Nested Tables? 
By Rachel Andrew. 
"A thing I keep hearing, and especially when talking about subgrid is, 
'nested grids … isn't that like tables within tables in the olden 
days?' It is not. This is why…" 

+03: COLOR. 

Why Cancel Buttons Should Never Have a Color 
By Anthony Tseng. 
"A Cancel button is not a call to action because no changes to the 
system occur after it's pressed. Therefore, you should never emphasize 
it with color, otherwise you'll give users that impression. Instead, 
they should get the impression that no changes occur and that the 
button is their escape commitment…" 

How the Web Became Unreadable 
By Kevin Marks. 
"It's been getting harder for me to read things on my phone and my 
laptop. I've caught myself squinting and holding the screen closer to 
my face…" 


Think Like an Accessible UX Researcher Part 3, Five Common Mistakes in 
Usability Testing and How to Avoid Them 
By David Sloan. 
"This is the third in a series of posts reviewing the advice in Think 
like a UX Researcher, by David Travis and Philip Hodgson, from the 
perspective of involving people with disabilities in UX research (see 
Part 1 and Part 2). In this post, we'll look at their advice on 
usability testing and the ways that you can avoid making common 
mistakes when running evaluations with people with disabilities…" 

Procedure and Criteria for Running a Website Usability Tests 
By Eric Smith. 
"…we will discuss specifically how usability tests work for websites 

How to Run a Retrospective for a Design Team (Video) 
By Rachel Krause. 
"Retrospectives are a dedicated time to come together, reflect, and 
collaboratively improve your design team's process. In this video, 
we'll walk through the four components of a retrospective and how to 
use this meeting effectively." 

Auditing My Own Site For Accessibility 
By Nic Chan. 
"I launched the first version of this site well over 3 years ago, and 
it was one of my first fully completed code projects…" 

W3C Invites Implementations of Accessibility Conformance Testing (ACT) 
Rules Format 1.0 
By W3C. 
"The Accessibility Guidelines Working Group has published a Candidate 
Recommendation of Accessibility Conformance Testing (ACT) Rules Format 

+05: EVENTS. 

Evaluating Organizational Readiness for Accessibility 
April 18, 2019. 
Further details by Deborah Edwards-Onoro: 

Talking Design with Adrian Roselli 
April 23, 2019. 
Toronto, Canada 

Global Accessibility Awareness Day: Live Demos and Education 
May 16, 2019. 
Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.A. 
Online at: 

Twin Cities Drupal Camp 
June 6-8, 2019. 
Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.A. 

Moving Mobile to 2.1 
July 29, 2019. 
Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.A. 

An Event Apart Chicago 
August 26-28, 2019. 
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A. 

August 28-September 1, 2019. 
Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.A. 

W3C Technical Plenary / Advisory Committee (TPAC) 
September 16-20, 2019. 
Fukuoka, Japan 

Accessibility Toronto Conference 
October 15-16, 2019. 
Toronto, Canada 

+06: HTML. 

HTML Includes That Work Today 
By Scott Jehl. 
"As long as I have been working on the web, I’ve desired a simple 
HTML-driven means of including the contents of another file directly 
into the page…" 


Defining Productivity 
By Jeremy Wagner. 
"As developers, we use frameworks and third party tools to build 
websites faster and more easily. Ask any developer why they use these 
tools, and the answer is deterministic: productivity. Surely we want 
to be more productive in our work, but it's worth asking ourselves an 
important question: how are we defining productivity?" 

Web Components will Replace Your Frontend Framework 
By Danny Moerkerke. 
"The native web platform has caught up with frontend frameworks and 
will slowly render them obsolete…" 

By Jeremy Keith. 
"…the split that worries the most is this: The people who make the web 
vs. the people who are excluded from making the web. 

Javascript vs. CSS - More Control Means More Responsibility (video interview) 
By Chris Heilmann. 
"A few weeks ago I was in Paris, France to visit Prismic and they 
interviewed me about the JavaScript vs. CSS debate. In 10 minutes we 
covered a lot…" 

Code Heart Design Conference Sydney (Video) 
By Jed Watson. 
"It's wild how much JavaScript has learned from CSS over the years. 
Need to target a DOM element? CSS Selectors have you covered! 
Declarative code? That was CSS long before it was React. So as we 
boldly put our CSS in our JS and step into the component age, let's 
take a look at some other lessons we can learn from the design 
language of the web…" 


Nothing Fails Like Success 
By Jeffrey Zeldman. 
"Money and tech have a complicated relationship. We trained our users 
to expect things for free. Quickly we realized that wasn't a 
sustainable business model, so we sold their data and served ads, 
which invites its own problems. Now, we're trying to undo this tangled 
web. How do we get back to a democratized web?" 

Everything You Know About Web Design Just Changed (Video) 
By Jen Simmons. 
"We're standing at the threshold of an entirely new era in digital 
design-one in which, rather than hacking layouts together, we can 
actually describe layouts directly. The benefits will touch everything 
from prototyping to custom art direction to responsive design. In this 
visionary talk, rooted in years of practical experience, Jen Simmons 
will show you how to understand what's different, learn to think 
through multiple stages of flexibility, and let go of pixel 
constraints forever…" 

A Website is a Car and Not a Book 
By Robin Rendle. 
"…You have to understand that you're looking at an immensely 
complicated system of moving parts…" 

Google AMP Lowered Our Page Speed, and There's No Choice But to Use It 
By Walid Halabi. 
"…AMP isn't about speed. It's about control…" 


Body Copy Link Styling - the Right Way 
By Kevin R. Kirby. 
"…Conclusion: Keep the underline in body copy text or stop putting 
links inside of the body copy…." 

Mega Menu Using Bootstrap Dialog Boxes 
By David MacDonald. 
"…I offer this as an alternative for those using Bootstrap. It works 
in Bootstrap 3.3.7 or 4.x" 

+10: TOOLS. 

Able Player 4.0 
By Terrill Thompson. 
"New features include support for playlists, Vimeo, self-voicing of 
text-based audio description, & improved support for extended audio 
description, among others." 

Reading Order Bookmarklet 
By Adrian Roselli. 
"When a keyboard-only user or screen reader user comes to page that 
uses CSS to create a layout, there is a chance that what is on the 
screen does not match the flow of the page…" 

axe for Android 
By Deque. 
Accessibility analysis tool available for the Android platform. 

Captcha Solving Chrome Extension 
By Oliver Edholm. 
"I just wanted to announce that I'm now releasing a Chrome Extension 
for automatic captcha solving…" 


Behind the Process of Helvetica's 21st century Facelift 
By William Joel. 
"The famous typeface has been re-drawn for the modern era…" 


Privacy UX: Better Cookie Consent Experiences 
By Vitaly Friedman. 
"This series of articles is about privacy-related design patterns. 
We'll be exploring some of the respectful ways to approach privacy and 
data collection, and how to deal with those notorious cookie consent 
prompts, intrusive push notifications, glorious permission requests, 
malicious third-party tracking and offboarding experience…" 

Interactions and Complexity 
By Gerry McGovern. 
"…The Web is not print. It's a much more complex, networked 
environment. Those who are investing in complexity, while also 
investing in simplifying interactions with such complex systems, are 
reaping the bountiful rewards." 

Modes in User Interfaces: When They Help and When They Hurt Users 
By Page Laubheimer. 
"In a modal interface, the same user action can have different results 
depending on the state of the system. Poorly signaled modes can easily 
trigger user errors with disastrous consequences." 

Visual Design Terms Cheat Sheet 
By Therese Fessenden. 
"A glossary of visual-design terms and easy definitions can create 
common ground in mixed teams whose members come with a variety of 

UX is Not Arts & Crafts: Why We Use Tangibles (Video) 
By Katie Sherwin. 
"Flip-charts, post-its, markers, stickers, and even fake coins are 
common ingredients in a UX toolkit. Though they may appear to be 
frivolous art supplies, these materials serve a crucial role in 
supporting team engagement, creativity, and focus." 

[Section one ends.] 


+13: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site? 

Accessibility Information. 

Association Information. 

Book Listings. 

Cascading Style Sheets Information. 

Color Information. 

Drupal Information. 

Evaluation & Testing Information. 

Event Information. 

HTML Information. 

Information Architecture Information. 

JavaScript Information. 

Miscellaneous Web Information. 

Navigation Information. 

PHP Information. 

Sites & Blogs Listing. 

Standards, Guidelines & Pattern Information. 

Tool Information. 

Typography Information. 

Usability Information. 

XML Information. 

[Section two ends.] 



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Until next time, 

Laura L. Carlson 
Information Technology Systems and Services 
University of Minnesota Duluth 
Duluth, MN U.S.A. 55812-3009 

[Issue ends.]