+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE. - Volume 17, Issue 37, March 6, 2019.

David Dillard


- Volume 17, Issue 37, March 6, 2019. 

An email newsletter to distribute news and information about web 
design and development. 


SECTION ONE: New references. 
What's new at the Web Design Reference site? 
New links in these categories: 

04: EVENTS. 
05: HTML. 
08: TOOLS. 

10: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site? 

[Contents ends.] 

++ SECTION ONE: New references. 


Fighting Uphill 
By Eric Bailey. 
"…WebAIM's accessibility analysis of the top 1,000,000 homepages was 
released to the public on February 27, 2019. I've had a few days to 
process it, and frankly, it's left me feeling pretty depressed. In a 
sea of already demoralizing findings, probably most the notable thing 
is that pages containing ARIA-a specialized language intended to aid 
accessibility-are actually more likely to have accessibility issues. I 
don't think this is intentional malice on the part of authors, but it 
is worth saying that the road to hell is paved with good intentions…" 

Moving Forward with Digital Accessibility in Higher Education (Video) 
By David Sloan. 
"Digital accessibility has become a significant concern across higher 
education, in part due to legal obligations, and also due to the 
opportunities that inclusive digital teaching and learning resources 
can offer students and staff with disabilities." 

Semantics to Screen Readers 
By Melanie Richards. 
"…Melanie takes a deep dive into how our content is accessed by a wide 
array of screen readers, which are highly customizable to users. 
Understanding the nuances of accessibility APIs, thorough testing 
approaches, and the wealth of resources available, site creators can 
create the most widely accessible content for the most users 

AI is Making CAPTCHA Increasingly Cruel For Disabled Users 
By Robin Christopherson. 
"…"improvements in AI means that a crisis is coming … and disabled 
people are suffering the most…" 

Do You Caption Your Videos? 
By Meryl K. Evans. 
"World Health Organization reports that more than 5 percent of the 
world's population is deaf or hard of hearing…" 

How User Provided Image Descriptions Have Failed to Make Twiter Accessible (PDF) 
By Cole Gleason et al. 
Our findings indicate that simply making it possible to provide image 
descriptions is not enough and reveal future directions for automated 
tools that may support users in writing high-quality descriptions…" 

1.4.12 Text Spacing 
By Rakesh Paladugula. 
"…authors should ensure that the content is not cut-off or overlapped…" 

What is COGA? 
By Jennie Delisi. 
"Making Online Content Easier to Understand…" 

The Business Case for Digital Accessibility 
By The Australian Network on Disability. 
"A new resource called The Business Case for Digital Accessibility 
explores key advantages of web accessibility to businesses of all 

Blind Employee Settles Lawsuit Against Miami-Dade County Public Schools 
By  Raychel Lean. 
"Miami-Dade County Public Schools' websites and software weren't 
accessible to blind employee Janice A. Bartleson, but Miami 
disabilities attorrney Matthew Dietz helped negotiate a settlement 
agreement to change that…" 

Ninth Circuit Ruling Bolsters ADA Website Accessibility Suits 
By R. Andrew Arculin et al. 
"The Ninth Circuit's recent ruling in Robles v. Domino's Pizza, LLC 
provides yet another boon to plaintiffs across the country claiming 
that company websites may violate the Americans with Disabilities Act 
(ADA) unless they make specific accommodations to consumers who have 
visual, auditory, or other disabilities…" 


Responsive Spacing with viewport and ch Units 
By Chip Cullen. 
"…One of the more interesting things that I discovered was how easy it 
was to make spacing between elements act in a responsive way…" 

Breaking Boxes With CSS Fragmentation 
By Rachel Andrew. 
"Rachel Andrew has been digging around in the CSS Fragmentation spec, 
and finding browser support is somewhat fragmented. In this article, 
she explains what fragmentation is, why you might want to use it, and 
what the state of browser support is." 


How Diversity and Inclusion can Improve Testing 
By Callum Akehurst-Ryan. 
"As the testing pendulum has swung towards more engineering in recent 
years we're facing a new issue, the prevalence of an engineering 

Repeat After Me: Preference Testing is Not A/B Testing 
By David Travis. 
"Researchers sometimes ask participants which of two alternative 
designs they prefer. The data from these studies comprise opinions 
that have little predictive value. In contrast, multivariate A/B 
testing involves target users doing real tasks. The data from these 
studies comprise behavioural observations that predict real-world 

+04: EVENTS. 

2019 State of Digital Accessibility Part 2 - Industry Drivers 
March 19, 2019. 

GSuite for Education Accessibility Update April 1, 2019. 

WebAIM Training 
May 7-8, 2019. 
Logan, Utah, U.S.A. 

The Web Conference 2019 
May 13-17, 2019. 
San Francisco, California, U.S.A. 

John Slatin AccessU 
May 14-17, 2019. 
Austin, Texas, U.S.A. 

Global Accessibility Awareness Day (GAAD) 
May 16, 2019. 

Stanford Drupal Camp 
May 17-18, 2019 
Stanford, California, U.S.A. 

Digital Accessibility ROI 
May 23, 2019. 

May 28-29, 2019. 
Vancouver, Canada 

+05: HTML. 

HTML Element Test File Index 
By Steve Faulkner. 
"I use 'em for testing…" 

Having an Open dialog 
By Scott O'Hara. 
"…I'm just going to say right now that the dialog element and its 
polyfill are not suitable for use in production…temporarily putting 
aside what 'support' presently entails, how would someone implement 
the dialog element right now?…" 


Accessibility is not a 'React Problem' 
By Leslie Cohn-Wein. 
"Every few months, it seems like there's a revival of the Twitter War™ 
about JavaScript libraries and accessibility. React is a common 
target, with developers naming a litany of issues…" 


W3C Approves WebAuthn as the Web Standard for Password-Free Logins 
By Emil Protalinski. 
"The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) today declared that the Web 
Authentication API (WebAuthn) is now an official web standard…" 

Meryl on the Effectiveness of Video Captioning (Interview) 
By Esi Hardy. 
"Meryl is a profoundly deaf lady from Texas who runs a marketing 
company. She talks Esi and also her clients about the effectiveness of 
captioning in videos…" 

+08: TOOLS. 

By Jean-Pierre Boutherin & Alexandre Saker. 
"an online application which, unlike most other competitors, enables 
you to easily check color contrasts and WCAG compliance (AA or AAA 
levels as defined by WCAG 2.0) between a range of specific colors in 
one shot…" 
It's published as an open-source project at: 

Touch Bookmarklet 
By Louis Rémi Babé. 
"Simulate touch events (swipe, rotate, pinch) with a mouse…" 

Visual Event 
By Allan Jardine. 
"Events in Javascript are often seen as a bit of an enigma. This is 
odd given that Javascript is very much an event driven language, but 
it is typically down to their complex nature and difficulty to debug. 
To this end I've created Visual Event to help track events which are 
subscribed to DOM nodes…" 

Track Which Element Has Focus (in chrome) 
By Kayce Basques. 
"Suppose that you're testing the keyboard navigation accessibility of 
a page. When navigating the page with the Tab key, the focus ring 
sometimes disappears because the element that has focus is hidden. To 
track the focused element in DevTools…" 

Rocket Validator (Hat tip to Dennis Lembrée) 
By Site Validator Team. 
"Reports on HTML & accessibility conformance of European government websites." 


The Psychology of Choice: Why Less is More 
By Keep It Usable. 
"…Paradox of choice leads to choice paralysis…" 

Unbridged Knowledge Gaps Hurt UX 
By Kim Flaherty and Kate Moran. 
"Many websites fail to provide the right information for 
research-based tasks, requiring unnecessary effort for users to piece 
together various information sources manually." 

UI Copy: UX Guidelines for Command Names and Keyboard Shortcuts 
By Anna Kaley. 
"Labels for commands should be brief, informative, rely on verbs and 
adjectives, and avoid branded terms. Command shortcuts must limit the 
number of modifiers and follow standard conventions." 

Designing Tables for Desktop Apps with Lots of Data (Video) 
By Page Laubheimer. 
"Data-rich applications often include huge tables in their user 
interface; here are 3 UX guidelines for improving the usability of big 

Intelligent Assistants: Where We Are and Where We Should Be (Video) 
By Raluca Budiu. 
"Are Siri, Alexa, and Google Assistant truly intelligent? While they 
do have some 'intelligent' features, they are still far from what 
people expect such an intelligent assistant to do." 

DeathToAutoPlay - No More Audio and Video That Plays Automatically 
By Adam Engst. 
"Most technology annoyances fall into the category of 'death by a 
thousand cuts'." 

Interface as Luxury 
By Gerry McGovern. 
"…When it comes to digital technology, it's the interface, the screen, 
the voice, the information that denote luxury and the experience." 

[Section one ends.] 


+10: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site? 

Accessibility Information. 

Association Information. 

Book Listings. 

Cascading Style Sheets Information. 

Color Information. 

Drupal Information. 

Evaluation & Testing Information. 

Event Information. 

HTML Information. 

Information Architecture Information. 

JavaScript Information. 

Miscellaneous Web Information. 

Navigation Information. 

PHP Information. 

Sites & Blogs Listing. 

Standards, Guidelines & Pattern Information. 

Tool Information. 

Typography Information. 

Usability Information. 

XML Information. 

[Section two ends.] 



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Until next time, 

Laura L. Carlson 
Information Technology Systems and Services 
University of Minnesota Duluth 
Duluth, MN U.S.A. 55812-3009 

[Issue ends.]