+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE. - Volume 17, Issue 36, February 28, 2019.

David Dillard

- Volume 17, Issue 36, February 28, 2019. 

An email newsletter to distribute news and information about web 
design and development. 


SECTION ONE: New references. 
What's new at the Web Design Reference site? 
New links in these categories: 

03: COLOR. 
05: EVENTS. 
06: HTML. 
09: TOOLS. 

11: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site? 

[Contents ends.] 

++ SECTION ONE: New references. 


Accessibility Developer Guide 
By Access for All. 
"If you want to learn about accessible website development, you are at 
the right place…" 

Common Pitfalls and Misunderstandings in Accessibility Auditing 
By Jon Gooday. 
"…In this article, I want to share my insights into the things many 
auditors initially misunderstand that impact the quality of their 

Update on CAPTCHA Accessibility! W3C Needs Your Input 
By Rakesh Paladugula. 
"Do you want to take part and provide inputs to the most critical 
digital accessibility problem, inaccessibility of CAPTCHA? Here is an 
opportunity for you…" 

Inclusive Content Strategy: How to Ensure Your Content is Accessible to Everyone 
By Deborah Edwards-Onoro. 
"At the February 2019 Accessibility Talks online meetup, AmyJune 
Hineline, Drupal and WordPress Community Ambassador at Kanopi Studios, 
spoke about inclusive content strategy, what it means, and how to 
craft content that is accessible to everyone…" 

7 Ways to Make your Tweets More Accessible 
By Lindsey Kopacz. 
"I wrote a tweet thread a while back where I started talking about 
ways to keep accessibility in mind on the platforms we use such as 

How to Add Alternative Text to LinkedIn Images 
By Deborah Edwards-Onoro. 
"…I've been putting off publishing a tutorial about LinkedIn's 
alternative text. Here it is…" 

What You Should Know About Automatic Captions on Video Players 
By Sofia Enamorado. 
"The use of automatic captions is on the rise, but is the convenience 
of them detrimental to your organization…" 

Avoid Default Field Validation 
By Adrian Roselli. 
"HTML5 gives us form field validation for free. The problem is that 
the default messages browsers provide are not always useful and 
typically do not work with assistive technology…" 

Accessibility on The Session 
By Jeremy Keith. 
"I spent some time this weekend working on an accessibility issue over 
on The Session. Someone using VoiceOver on iOS was having a hard time 
with some multi-step forms." 

How to Run Higher Education Website Accessibility Projects 
By Paul Bradley. 
"…In this article, we outline four basic principles on which to base a 
website accessibility remediation project and seven project plan 
elements for making an institution's public website more accessible 
and meeting the deadline date…" 

A Company's Website Is Not a 'Public Accommodation' Under the ADA, a 
California Court Finds 
By Jason P. Brown & Robert T. Quackenboss. 
"…A decision by one state trial court in California seems to adopt a 
more strict reading of the definition of 'public accommodation' than 
previous cases in California and in the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals 
(which includes the federal courts in California) on the subject, 
which further demonstrates the difficulty that many courts, including 
this one, are having with these ADA website accessibility cases…" 

Hernando County Set to Settle Website accessibility Lawsuit, One in a 
Wave Filed by Prolific Plaintiffs 
By Jack Evans. 
"A legally blind Daytona Beach man has filed similar suits against 
more than two dozen public entities in Florida…" 

What Does European Accessibility Standard EN 301 549 Mean for US Organizations? 
By Ryan Bateman. 
"I had the opportunity to chat with Shadi Abou-Zahra, the 
Accessibility Strategy and Technology Specialist at W3C, to discuss EN 
301 549…" 


F87: CSS Generated Content and WCAG Conformance 
By Adrian Roselli. 
"The Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) does a good job of 
providing supporting techniques to help reviewers determine if a 
specific case would violate a given Success Criterion (SC)…" 

On Switching from HEX & RGB to HSL 
By Sara Soueidan. 
"A couple of weeks ago I tweeted about a feature that I didn't know 
existed in VS Code: the visual color editor that pops up when you 
hover over color values in a style sheet." 

Look Ma, No Media Queries! Responsive Layouts Using CSS Grid 
By Juan Martín García. 
"Not only has CSS Grid reshaped the way we think and build layouts for 
the web, but it has also contributed to writing more resilient code, 
replacing 'hacky' techniques we've used before, and in some cases, 
killing the need to rely on code for specific resolutions and 

The CSS Mental Model 
By Peter-Paul Koch. 
"I am likely going to write a 'CSS for JavaScripters' book, and 
therefore I need to figure out how to explain CSS to JavaScripters. 
This series of article smippets are a sort of try-out - pre-drafts I'd 
like to get feedback on in order to figure out if I'm on the right 

+03: COLOR. 

4 Reasons Why You Should Design Without Color First 
By Anand Satyan. 
"Creating your screens in grayscale before adding color forces you 
think clearly and prioritize right when it comes to UX design…" 

High Contrast Explainer 
By Rossen Atanassov, Alison Maher. 
"High contrast is a Windows accessibility feature intended to increase 
the readability of text through color contrast…" 


The WebAIM Million: What We Learned Analyzing 1,000,000 Web Site Home Pages 
By Jared Smith. 
"…significant and pervasive issues are present across much of the web. 
While there is much work to be done to improve accessibility, these 
research findings can help us identify patterns so accessibility 
efforts can be better focused…" 

What Is the Purpose of UX Measurement? 
By Jeff Sauro. 
"…Measurement and statistical analysis don't guarantee success; 
instead, they improve the likelihood of success…" 

How to Respond to Skepticism of Testing Small Groups of Users 
By Kathryn Whitenton. 
"That's just one person' and 'Our real users aren't like that' are 
common objections to findings from qualitative usability testing. 
Address these concerns proactively to ensure your research is 

The Cross-Sequential Approach: A Short-Term Method for Studying 
Long-Term User Experience 
By Sari Kujala, Talya Miron-Shatz, and Jussi J. Jokinen. 
"We propose a novel cross-sequential approach to accelerating the 
collection of user feedback while providing a broad perspective by 
analyzing samples of users at various stages of service and product 

Is User Research Losing Its User Focus? 
By David Hamill. 
"…A user-centred approach to user research allows an organisation to 
understand what is important to its users…" 

Why Personas Fail (Video) 
By Kim Flaherty. 
"How to overcome common challenges in employing personas in UX design 
projects, including stakeholders who don't understand the value of 
approximated data or conversely press for over-generalized personas." 

+05: EVENTS. 

Accessibility & Inclusive Design Meet Up 
March 13, 2019. 
Austin, Texas, U.S.A. 

Exploring WCAG 2.1 
March 20, 2019. 
Seattle, Washington, U.S.A. 

10 Tips for Creating Accessible Web Content with (Updated) WCAG 
March 21, 2019. 

Up Front 
March 22, 2019. 
Manchester, England, United Kingdom 

Accessible Content Shared Through Social Media 
March 26, 2019. 

2019 Digital Accessibility Trends 
April 2, 2019. 
New York, New York, U.S.A. 

Web4All 2019 
May 13-15, 2019. 
San Francisco, California, U.S.A. 

+06: HTML. 

When Is A Button Not A Button? 
By Vadim Makeev. 
"Not everything that's round and stands out is considered to be a 
button. In this article, Vadim explains how you can create a proper 
interactive button for your users - one that shouldn't be confused for 
anything else…" 


Q&A with Jonathan Avila, Chief Accessibility Officer 
By Equalentry. 
"This installment of our Accessibility Activists column is an 
interview with Jonathan Avila, Chief Accessibility Officer for SSB 
Bart Group. Avila is also a participant in the WCAG Working Group, and 
the mobile accessibility task force at the WAI…" 

Derek Featherstone Interview - Accessibility is not a 'Nice to Have' 
By Jeffrey Zeldman. 
"Why do companies de-prioritize accessibility?…" 


Quick Tip: Creating Valid and Accessible Links 
By Emma Patricios. 
"The anchor element is often cited as the main building block of the 
World Wide Web. It is used to create a link to other pages, to anchors 
within the same page, to other resources (such as a PDF) or to an 
email address. How can we make sure they are accessible to everyone?…" 

+09: TOOLS. 

How to Test the AccName Algorithm Dynamically using AccName Prototype 
By Bryan Garaventa. 
"Since this comes up every now and again, usually with questions about 
what is or not expected in the AccName computation, I wanted to pass 
along the following live utility that helps to resolve this 

WCAG 2.1 Parsing Error Bookmarklet - Updated 25th February 2019 
By Steve Faulkner. 
Thanks to Dennis Lembrée's Pull Request. 

Bookmarklet: Archive Page to Wayback Machine 
By Jesse Gardner. 
"…I reference the Wayback Machine a lot, so requesting an archive of 
the current page by prepending the url with is 
wicked useful; but I figured I'd make it just a smidge easier by 
turning it into a bookmarklet…" 


Usability of Technology for Older Adults: Where Are We and Where Do We 
Need to Be 
By Sara J. Czaja. 
"…In this paper I examine the adoption and uptake of ICTs among older 
adults, the potential benefits of ICT use, and issues regarding 
usability of technology…" 

Footers 101: Design Patterns and When to Use Each 
By Therese Fessenden. 
"Footers can be found at the bottom of almost every web page, and 
often take many forms, depending on the type of content on a website. 
Regardless of the form they take, their presence is critical (and 
highly underrated)." 

Solid Vs. Outline Icons: Which Are Faster to Recognize? 
By Anthony Tseng. 
"…Solid icons were generally faster to recognize than outline icons, 
but with a few exceptions. And some icons showed no difference in task 
time. This has to do with characteristic cues…" 

Breaking Down Fitts Law for UX Designers 
By Sourabh Purwar. 
"'Fitts' law states that the amount of time required for a person to 
move a pointer to a target area is a function of the distance to the 
target divided by the size of the target…" 

Mobile Checkout Experience Tips (Video) 
By Anna Kaley. 
"Remember these essential experience elements that are often 
overlooked or easily forgotten during the mobile checkout design 

Exploring the Boundary Conditions of the Effect of Aesthetics on 
Perceived Usability 
By John Grishin, Doug Gillan. 
"A growing body of usability research suggests that the aesthetics of 
a system affects users' perceptions of the usability of that system. 
But the causal relationship between aesthetics and usability and the 
direction of that relation have not been firmly established…within the 
conditions imposed by this research, it appears that usability and 
aesthetics were perceived separately." 

FANG is Coming For You 
By Gerry McGovern. 
"…Regardless of whether you're a government agency, a non-profit, or 
whatever, if you've got potentially useful data and information, then 
FANG is your potential competitor. If you're neglecting your search 
engine, if you're not investing in your navigation and the general 
usability of your digital environment, then you're just asking for 
trouble. The interface is the product. The interface is the service…" 

[Section one ends.] 


+11: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site? 

Accessibility Information. 

Association Information. 

Book Listings. 

Cascading Style Sheets Information. 

Color Information. 

Drupal Information. 

Evaluation & Testing Information. 

Event Information. 

HTML Information. 

Information Architecture Information. 

JavaScript Information. 

Miscellaneous Web Information. 

Navigation Information. 

PHP Information. 

Sites & Blogs Listing. 

Standards, Guidelines & Pattern Information. 

Tool Information. 

Typography Information. 

Usability Information. 

XML Information. 

[Section two ends.] 



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Until next time, 

Laura L. Carlson 
Information Technology Systems and Services 
University of Minnesota Duluth 
Duluth, MN U.S.A. 55812-3009 

[Issue ends.]