+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE. - Volume 17, Issue 34, February 15, 2019.

David Dillard

- Volume 17, Issue 34, February 15, 2019. 

An email newsletter to distribute news and information about web 
design and development. 


SECTION ONE: New references. 
What's new at the Web Design Reference site? 
New links in these categories: 

04: EVENTS. 
05: HTML. 
09: TOOLS. 

11: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site? 

[Contents ends.] 

++ SECTION ONE: New references. 


Uncanny A11y 
By Adrian Roselli. 
"Developers can try so hard to make sure something is accessible that 
the entire experience becomes weird, confusing, or downright unusable. 
There are generally two things that contribute to this: 1.) thinking 
that using code, all the code, is the best way to make something 
accessible, and 2.) not testing with users who have disabilities…" 

Inaccessibility of CAPTCHA 
Scott Hollier, Janina Sajka, and Michael Cooper, Editors. 
"…This document examines a number of approaches that allow systems to 
test for human users, and the extent to which these approaches 
adequately accommodate people with disabilities…" 

Paint the Picture, Not the Frame: How Browsers Provide Everything Users Need 
By Eric Bailey. 
"Designers want to create fully branded experiences, which often 
results in customized highlighting colors or pixel-perfect typography. 
While these design touches can enhance the experience for some, they 
can render the experience inaccessible for others. Designer Eric 
Bailey makes a case for leaving key accessibility features to the 
browser to ensure the most accessible experience possible." 

Quick Note On High Contrast Mode 
By Scott O'Hara. 
"…HCM cares not for your ARIA roles…Background images are (mostly) ignored…" 

Tips for Making Interactive Elements Accessible on Mobile Devices 
By Ire Aderinokun. 
"…In this article, I will cover some of the new guidelines that relate 
to interactive elements on a web page…" 

W3C Accessibility Guidelines for Mobile Games 
By Amy Wilson and Michael Crabb. 
"…The purpose of this work is to investigate how well current W3C 
accessibility guidelines support mobile game development. This paper 
introduces a study that was carried out to determine the current 
knowledge that participants have of these guidelines, along with the 
opinions on how important these accessibility guidelines are when 
creating accessible mobile game content…" 

Web Accessibility Overlays Do Not Work 
By Karl Groves. 
"This page presents a large number of examples of inaccessible code 
that cannot be reliably fixed by an 'overlay' product. Each of the 
examples is provided along with an explanation of why it is a problem 
and why an overlay cannot fix it…" 

Open Source Can be Key to Web Accessibility But Only If We Do It Right (Video) 
By Mike Gifford. 
"Open source solutions have disrupted many industries in the last 
decade and there is hope that approaches to accessibility may be 

Accessibility New Year's Resolutions - The Deadline for Implementing WCAG 2.1 
By Sheri Byrne-Haber. 
"…If neither 1 and 2 apply to you, December 5, 2019 seems to be a 
reasonable and justifiable internal deadline for WCAG 2.1 Level AA 
compliance when creating new digital properties or updating old ones… 
If you don't choose one of those 3, the fourth possible outcome is you 
end up getting sued…" 

Accessibility Statements Show Commitment to all Site Users 
By Lainey Feingold. 
"Check out the Accessibility Statement Generator from the Web 
Accessibility Initiative (WAI) of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). 
It's part of a great new page of information titled 'Developing an 
Accessibility Statement'…" 

Writing an Accessibility Statement for Your Organization 
By Rakesh Paladugula. 
"Having an accessibility statement on the website shows your 
commitment towards persons with disabilities…" 

Flagler Pays $16,000 to Settle Website Access Suit, and Much More to 
Become ADA Compliant 
By FlaglerLive. 
"Flagler County government will pay $15,700 to settle a 
Napoleon-quoting federal lawsuit filed by a legally blind Daytona 
Beach man who charged that Flagler was violating the Americans With 
Disabilities Act by making some of the documents posted to its website 
inaccessible to the blind, because computer software can't read the 


The Dark Side of the Grid (Part 1) 
By Manuel Matuzovic. 
"This is part 1 of 3 in a series of articles about CSS Grid layout and 

An Introduction to CSS Exclusions: The Future of Complex Web Layout 
By Dennis Gaebel. 
"…CSS exclusions is an addition to our layout arsenal that will become 
another game changer, assisting with whatever complicated layout 
scenarios we crave. In this article I'll introduce you to CSS 
exclusions, and explain how to raise your voice for browser adoption 
in order to help progress for the future…" 

Where Do You Nest Your Sass Breakpoints? 
By Chris Coyier. 
"I love nesting my @media query breakpoints. It's perhaps the most 
important feature of Sass to me…" 

Guide to Optimize CSS Delivery 
By Samuel Bocetta et. al. 
"…Here are 5 simple things you can do to optimize your CSS…" 

What's New In CSS? 
By Rachel Andrew. 
"Rachel's Fronteers W3C Meet-up slides from February 2019 in 
Amsterdam, Netherlands…" 


Using Persona Profiles to Test Accessibility 
By Anika Henke. 
"… this method offers is a quick and easy way of finding accessibility 
issues early in service development." 

Considering Accessibility When Designing a Usability Test 
By Aaron Pearlman. 
"…If accessibility is a consideration for the application you are 
creating, then your usability test should reflect that. You're 
probably familiar with running usability tests for sighted/mouse 
users, this post will discuss considerations for accessibility for 
non-sighted/AT users when conducting a usability test…" 

Zooming In and Zooming Out - A Significant Answer to that Statistical Question 
By Kelly Moran. 
"…Think of qualitative research (qual) as the metal detector on the 
sandy shores of innovation. It will detect a signal from metal of any 
kind in the nearby vicinity. Closer inspection can reveal more about 
this metal. It might be gold, it might be silver, it might just be 
tin. But you'll get a signal if it's there. It's your job to determine 
if what you've found is valuable. Qual research is a metal detector…" 

+04: EVENTS. 

2019 State of Digital Accessibility 
February 26, 2019. 

How Accessibility Testing Actually Impacts Developers 
February 26, 2019. 

No Bad Legos: Automated Accessibility Testing 
February 28, 2019. 
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A. 
Live stream: 
Live captions: 

Creative South 
April 11-13, 2019. 
Columbus, Georgia, U.S.A. 

April 12-13, 2019. 
Knoxville, Tennessee, U.S.A 

Social Media Accessibility 
April 18, 2019. 

April 23-26, 2019. 
Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.A. 

+05: HTML. 

Required Attribute Requirements 
By Scott O'Hara. 
"Introduced in HTML5, the required attribute conveys that a particular 
form control or grouping of controls must have a valid value on form 

Errant for Attributes Screw with label Behaviour 
By Steve Faulkner. 
"…tip: remove unnecessary for attributes, if a control is a child of a 
label element, the forattribute is not needed and can cause issues." 

Accessibility: Back to the Future (Video) 
By Bruce Lawson. 
"Here's a talk I did at a lovely inclusive, anarchic, friendly 
conference last month called Monki Gras…" 

Where Do You Learn HTML & CSS in 2019? 
By Chris Coyier. 
"The topic of how accessible it is for newbies and seasoned developers 
alike to learn CSS has been gaining steam as the complexity of the 
tools around it has become skewed more toward traditional 


Make it Boring 
By Jeremy Wagner. 
"…Web developers are accustomed to starting projects with the massive 
overhead of JavaScript frameworks like React-not to mention all that 
gets installed with it-as well as ancillary packages, module bundlers, 
and all this... stuff. Stuff that clutters the already densely 
occupied space of our minds, which inevitably seems to burden the 
people who use what we make…" 

Beginning to Demystify ARIA 
By Lindsey Kopacz. 
"…The way I like to think about ARIA is context. Sometimes you don't 
need additional background - the HTML is surely enough. Sometimes it 
could be better though, especially if it's a custom widget. I'll do 
more about ARIA in the future regarding specific attributes and what 
they do - mainly because the documentation can be a bit daunting. 
Cheers to that!" 


Transcript of Tim Berners-Lee's talk to the LCS 35th Anniversary 
celebrations, Cambridge Massachusetts, 1999/April/14 (via Jeremy 
By Tim Berners-Lee. 
"…The basic ideas of the Web is that an information space through 
which people can communicate, but communicate in a special way: 
communicate by sharing their knowledge in a pool. The idea was not 
just that it should be a big browsing medium. The idea was that 
everybody would be putting their ideas in, as well as taking them 

A Strongly Worded Letter 
By Adrian Roselli. 
"Last week while whining about having accessibility contributions to 
FOSS projects dismissed, I had a Twitter conversation about when the 
same thing happens with clients. I have a method to deal with that, 
however, which I briefly outlined on Twitter. I promised to expand on 
it in a blog post, so here it is…" 


Skip Links are Important 
By Nicolas Steenhout. 
"…Skip links are important. And they are relatively easy to implement. 
You will improve the user experience for your visitors who rely on the 
keyboard for navigation. You'll also comply with WCAG 2.4.1. Bypass 

How to Conduct Research for Customer Journey-Mapping 
By Kate Kaplan. 
"When conducting research for customer-journey maps, use qualitative 
methods that allow direct interaction with or observation of users, 
such as interviews, field studies, and diary studies." 

+09: TOOLS. 

Contrast Checker (Hat Tip to Jim Allan) 
By Nick Colley. 
"Check constrast with the new WCAG 2.1 requirements…" It checks text 
contrast with object background and object contrast with page 

Introducing Togglific 
By Scott Vinkle. 
"Do you find web animations distracting? Togglific provides a 
distraction-free web experience…Stand-alone script: For development 
teams to implement into their own projects and setup custom controls. 
This covers all animations…" 

Accessibility Testing Tools - Updated 10th February 2019 
By Steve Faulkner. 
"Here at The Paciello Group (TPG) we have a technical accessibility 
testing process which does not involve the use of automated tools. The 
technical audit results we provide to our clients are based solely on 
manual testing of a web site, web application, mobile or desktop 


The Ineffectiveness of Lonely Icons 
By Matt Wilcox. 
"If your target audience is a general population, you should not be 
using icons alone to convey anything meaningful. By doing so, you have 
made assumptions that are unlikely to be appropriate to a general 

Proper UI Hierarchy 
By Bradley Taunt. 
"The statement that flat design is inherently worse than it's 
predecessor is not subjective. By stripping away the visual cues that 
help users distinguish between interface elements you are purposely 
making a worse experience for them. Designers need to stop designing 
for other designers." 

Interface Copy Impacts Decision Making 
By Lexie Martin. 
"The language used in interfaces influences the decisions that our 
users will make. Manipulative copy nudges users towards making choices 
that are against their best interests." 

Perverse Incentives Create Perverse Behavior 
By Gerry McGovern. 
"…We must reward employees based on customer use. We must focus on the 
consumption, not on the production. We must measure customer effort, 
task completions rates, time-on-task." 

The Biggest Mistakes in User Research, Part 2 
By Jim Ross. 
"…I'll describe eight additional mistakes and provide advice about how 
to avoid them." 

How to Empathy Map (Video) 
By Sarah Gibbons. 
"A 5-step process for creating empathy maps that describe user 
characteristics at the start of a UX design process." 

[Section one ends.] 


+11: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site? 

Accessibility Information. 

Association Information. 

Book Listings. 

Cascading Style Sheets Information. 

Color Information. 

Drupal Information. 

Evaluation & Testing Information. 

Event Information. 

HTML Information. 

Information Architecture Information. 

JavaScript Information. 

Miscellaneous Web Information. 

Navigation Information. 

PHP Information. 

Sites & Blogs Listing. 

Standards, Guidelines & Pattern Information. 

Tool Information. 

Typography Information. 

Usability Information. 

XML Information. 

[Section two ends.] 



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Until next time, 

Laura L. Carlson 
Information Technology Systems and Services 
University of Minnesota Duluth 
Duluth, MN U.S.A. 55812-3009 

[Issue ends.]