Date   
WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS : UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT : PROPOSALS : WRITING AND WRITERS: PROPOSAL WRITING: A Guide for Proposal Writing. FROM National Science Foundation. Directorate for Education and Human Resources Division of Undergraduate Education

David P. Dillard
 

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WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT :

PROPOSALS :

WRITING AND WRITERS: PROPOSAL WRITING:

A Guide for Proposal Writing.

FROM National Science Foundation.

Directorate for Education and Human Resources

Division of Undergraduate Education

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A Guide for Proposal Writing.

FROM National Science Foundation.

Directorate for Education and Human Resources

Division of Undergraduate Education

http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2004/nsf04016/nsf04016.pdf

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Table of Contents
Introduction
Program Information
Review Process
Criteria for Evaluation
I. Intellectual Merit
II. Broader Impacts
ADVICE TO PROPOSAL WRITERS
Step 1 - Before You Write
Getting Started
Gathering Background Information
Looking at the Program Solicitation or Announcement
Thinking About the Target Audience
Building Coalitions
Other Considerations
Step 2 - Writing the Proposal
Writing the Proposal Narrative
Including Budget Information
Writing the Credentials of the PI and Other Staff
Including Evaluation and Dissemination Information
Letters of Endorsement
Project Summary and Project Data Form
Step 3 - Before Sending Your Proposal to NSF
Learning More About the Review Process
Getting Advice
Before Finishing the Proposal
Little Things That Can Make a Difference
Step 4 - Awards and Declinations
If The Grant is Awarded
If Your Proposal is Not Funded
A Final Note

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Sample Content

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A GUIDE FOR PROPOSAL WRITING

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INTRODUCTION

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The staff of the Division of Undergraduate Education (DUE) at the National Science Foundation (NSF) often provide informal guidance to proposers. Staff members give workshops on proposal writing, answer questions by phone and e-mail, and talk to potential awardees at professional meetings and at NSF. The following is the essence of the advice often given to inquirers. These suggestions for improving proposals were collected from a variety of sources, including NSF Program Directors, panel reviewers, and successful grantees. Ultimately, most proposals are peer reviewed in panels consisting of colleagues in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics disciplines or related fields, and the success in obtaining funding depends in great measure on reviewers' judgments and their written reviews.

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While this Guide may provide valuable information for proposal writing in general, it was specifically prepared for programs in DUE. Because programs, priorities, technologies, funding levels, and many other details change, advice in this Guide will also change with time. Following the advice given here certainly does not guarantee funding although we hope it will help applicants write better and more competitive proposals. Another factor that must be considered is that NSF receives many more proposals that are worthy of funding than there are funds to support. National priorities and the desire for a balanced portfolio of projects influence what is ultimately funded.

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We hope that you find this Guide informative. NSF, together with creative partners, makes an important difference in undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education.

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"What makes a good proposal?" A good proposal stems from a good concept. The best proposals are those to which the reviewers respond, "Of course, I wish I had thought of that!"

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The most important thing is a project that will benefit undergraduate education and directly improve student opportunities to learn. That said, however, the proposal must be written in sufficient detail to allow reviewers to understand:


o what the project hopes to accomplish;


o if the project personnel have the necessary expertise to accomplish the goals and objectives;


o the potential of the project to improve undergraduate education;


o the national impact and cost effectiveness of the project; and


o evaluation and dissemination plans.

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Carefully read the Program Solicitation or Announcement (both defined below). The Program Solicitation or Announcement gives the most current information available. For the relevant program it provides,


(a) a rationale,

(b) an overview,

(c) detailed program information,

(d) instructions for preparing and submitting proposals, and

(e) special review criteria, if any.

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This is the best possible guide for preparing a proposal for a DUE program and should be read carefully and followed precisely. There are no hidden agendas. Proposals are funded in a competitive system based on merit.

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Program Announcements

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The term "program announcement" includes formal NSF publications that announce NSF Programs. Program announcements utilize the generic eligibility and proposal preparation guidelines specified in the Grant Proposal Guide and incorporate the National Science Board (NSB) approved merit review criteria (intellectual merit and broader impacts). These funding opportunities do not specify additional award conditions or reporting requirements, and do not require specific cost sharing beyond the required statutory (1%) amount.

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Proposals submitted in response to program announcements are considered "unsolicited." This means that the resulting awards are subject to the statutory cost sharing requirement.

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Program Solicitations

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Program solicitations are used to encourage the submission of proposals in specific program areas of interest to NSF. They generally are more focused than program announcements, normally apply for a limited period of time, and include specific proposal due dates. Competition among proposals is more precisely defined than with program announcements.

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When a program solicitation is used, the proposals received compete directly with each other. Accordingly, programs using solicitations will be responsible for systematic evaluation, including comparative analysis of scientific, educational, and/or technical aspects, cost, and other significant factors within all proposals in accordance with the criteria specified in the program solicitation.

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Proposals submitted in response to program solicitations are considered "solicited". This means that the resulting awards are not subject to the statutory cost sharing requirement. Cost sharing is not required unless explicitly included in the solicitation.


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The complete publication may be read at the URL above.

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Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
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WRITING AND WRITERS: GRANT WRITING : WRITING AND WRITERS: GUIDES AND HANDBOOKS : GRANTS : UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: CATALOG OF FEDERAL DOMESTIC ASSISTANCE. GRANT WRITING: Grant Writing FROM The Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA)

David P. Dillard
 

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WRITING AND WRITERS: GRANT WRITING :

WRITING AND WRITERS: GUIDES AND HANDBOOKS :

GRANTS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: CATALOG OF FEDERAL DOMESTIC ASSISTANCE.
GRANT WRITING:

Grant Writing FROM The Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA)

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Grant Writing FROM The Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA)

https://www.cfda.gov/?s=generalinfo&mode= list&tab=list&tabmode=list&static=overview

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A shorter URL for the above link:

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http://tinyurl.com/oqj72d6

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CFDA Overview
Writing Grants
Types of Assistance
Electronic Download
Management Responsibility
Frequently Asked Questions


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Writing Grants

PART ONE: DEVELOPING A GRANT PROPOSAL
PART TWO: WRITING THE GRANT PROPOSAL

PART ONE: DEVELOPING A GRANT PROPOSAL

Preparation


A successful grant proposal is one that is well-prepared, thoughtfully planned, and concisely packaged. The potential applicant should become familiar with all of the pertinent program criteria related to the Catalog program from which assistance is sought. Refer to the information contact person listed in the Catalog program description before developing a proposal to obtain information such as whether funding is available, when applicable deadlines occur, and the process used by the grantor agency for accepting applications. Applicants should remember that the basic requirements, application forms, information and procedures vary with the Federal agency making the grant award.

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Individuals without prior grant proposal writing experience may find it useful to attend a grantsmanship workshop. A workshop can amplify the basic information presented here. Applicants interested in additional readings on grantsmanship and proposal development should consult the references listed at the end of this section and explore other library resources.

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INITIAL PROPOSAL DEVELOPMENT

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Developing Ideas for the Proposal

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When developing an idea for a proposal it is important to determine if the idea has been considered in the applicant's locality or State. A careful check should be made with legislators and area government agencies and related public and private agencies which may currently have grant awards or contracts to do similar work. If a similar program already exists, the applicant may need to reconsider submitting the proposed project, particularly if duplication of effort is perceived. If significant differences or improvements in the proposed project's goals can be clearly established, it may be worthwhile to pursue Federal assistance.

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Community Support

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Community support for most proposals is essential. Once proposal summary is developed, look for individuals or groups representing academic, political, professional, and lay organizations which may be willing to support the proposal in writing. The type and caliber of community support is critical in the initial and subsequent review phases. Numerous letters of support can be persuasive to a grantor agency. Do not overlook support from local government agencies and public officials. Letters of endorsement detailing exact areas of project sanction and commitment are often requested as part of a proposal to a Federal agency. Several months may be required to develop letters of endorsement since something of value (e.g., buildings, staff, services) is sometimes negotiated between the parties involved.

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Many agencies require, in writing, affiliation agreements (a mutual agreement to share services between agencies) and building space commitments prior to either grant approval or award. A useful method of generating community support may be to hold meetings with the top decision makers in the community who would be concerned with the subject matter of the proposal. The forum for discussion may include a query into the merits of the proposal, development of a contract of support for the proposal, to generate data in support of the proposal, or development of a strategy to create proposal support from a large number of community groups.

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Identification of a Funding Resource

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A review of the Objectives and Uses and Use Restrictions sections of the Catalog program description can point out which programs might provide funding for an idea. Do not overlook the related programs as potential resources. Both the applicant and the grantor agency should have the same interests, intentions, and needs if a proposal is to be considered an acceptable candidate for funding.

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Once a potential grantor agency is identified, call the contact telephone number identified in Information Contacts and ask for a grant application kit. Later, get to know some of the grantor agency personnel. Ask for suggestions, criticisms, and advice about the proposed project. In many cases, the more agency personnel know about the proposal, the better the chance of support and of an eventual favorable decision. Sometimes it is useful to send the proposal summary to a specific agency official in a separate cover letter, and ask for review and comment at the earliest possible convenience. Always check with the Federal agency to determine its preference if this approach is under consideration. If the review is unfavorable and differences cannot be resolved, ask the examining agency (official) to suggest another department or agency which may be interested in the proposal. A personal visit to the agency's regional office or headquarters is also important. A visit not only establishes face-to-face contact, but also may bring out some essential details about the proposal or help secure literature and references from the agency's library.

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Federal agencies are required to report funding information as funds are approved, increased or decreased among projects within a given State depending on the type of required reporting. Also, consider reviewing the Federal Budget for the current and budget fiscal years to determine proposed dollar amounts for particular budget functions.

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The applicant should carefully study the eligibility requirements for each Federal program under consideration (see the Applicant Eligibility section of the Catalog program description). The applicant may learn that he or she is required to provide services otherwise unintended such as a service to particular client groups, or involvement of specific institutions. It may necessitate the modification of the original concept in order for the project to be eligible for funding. Questions about eligibility should be discussed with the appropriate program officer.

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Deadlines for submitting applications are often not negotiable. They are usually associated with strict timetables for agency review. Some programs have more than one application deadline during the fiscal year. Applicants should plan proposal development around the established deadlines.

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Getting Organized to Write the Proposal

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Throughout the proposal writing stage keep a notebook handy to write down ideas. Periodically, try to connect ideas by reviewing the notebook. Never throw away written ideas during the grant writing stage. Maintain a file labeled "Ideas" or by some other convenient title and review the ideas from time to time. The file should be easily accessible. The gathering of documents such as articles of incorporation, tax exemption certificates, and bylaws should be completed, if possible, before the writing begins.

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REVIEW

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Criticism

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At some point, perhaps after the first or second draft is completed, seek out a neutral third party to review the proposal working draft for continuity, clarity and reasoning. Ask for constructive criticism at this point, rather than wait for the Federal grantor agency to volunteer this information during the review cycle. For example, has the writer made unsupported assumptions or used jargon or excessive language in the proposal?

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Signature

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Most proposals are made to institutions rather than individuals. Often signatures of chief administrative officials are required. Check to make sure they are included in the proposal where appropriate.

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Neatness

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Proposals should be typed, collated, copied, and packaged correctly and neatly (according to agency instructions, if any). Each package should be inspected to ensure uniformity from cover to cover. Binding may require either clamps or hard covers. Check with the Federal agency to determine its preference. A neat, organized, and attractive proposal package can leave a positive impression with the reader about the proposal contents.

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Mailing

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A cover letter should always accompany a proposal. Standard U.S. Postal Service requirements apply unless otherwise indicated by the Federal agency. Make sure there is enough time for the proposals to reach their destinations. Otherwise, special arrangements may be necessary. Always coordinate such arrangements with the Federal grantor agency project office (the agency which will ultimately have the responsibility for the project), the grant office (the agency which will coordinate the grant review), and the contract office (the agency responsible for disbursement and grant award notices), if necessary.

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PART TWO: WRITING THE GRANT PROPOSAL

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The Basic Components of a Proposal

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There are eight basic components to creating a solid proposal package:


(1) the proposal summary;

(2) introduction of organization;

(3) the problem statement (or needs assessment);

(4) project objectives;

(5) project methods or design;

(6) project evaluation;

(7) future funding; and

(8) the project budget. The following will provide an overview of these components.

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The Proposal Summary: Outline of Project Goals

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The proposal summary outlines the proposed project and should appear at the beginning of the proposal. It could be in the form of a cover letter or a separate page, but should definitely be brief -- no longer than two or three paragraphs. The summary would be most useful if it were prepared after the proposal has been developed in order to encompass all the key summary points necessary to communicate the objectives of the project. It is this document that becomes the cornerstone of your proposal, and the initial impression it gives will be critical to the success of your venture. In many cases, the summary will be the first part of the proposal package seen by agency officials and very possibly could be the only part of the package that is carefully reviewed before the decision is made to consider the project any further.

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The applicant must select a fundable project which can be supported in view of the local need. Alternatives, in the absence of Federal support, should be pointed out. The influence of the project both during and after the project period should be explained. The consequences of the project as a result of funding should be highlighted.

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Introduction: Presenting a Credible Applicant or Organization

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The applicant should gather data about its organization from all available sources. Most proposals require a description of an applicant's organization to describe its past and present operations. Some features to consider are:


A brief biography of board members and key staff members.

The organization's goals, philosophy, track record with other grantors, and any success stories.

The data should be relevant to the goals of the Federal grantor agency and should establish the applicant's credibility.

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The Problem Statement: Stating the Purpose at Hand

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The problem statement (or needs assessment) is a key element of a proposal that makes a clear, concise, and well-supported statement of the problem to be addressed. The best way to collect information about the problem is to conduct and document both a formal and informal needs assessment for a program in the FF-4 11-08 target or service area. The information provided should be both factual and directly related to the problem addressed by the proposal. Areas to document are:


The purpose for developing the proposal.

The beneficiaries -- who are they and how will they benefit.

The social and economic costs to be affected.

The nature of the problem (provide as much hard evidence as possible).

How the applicant organization came to realize the problem exists, and what is currently being done about the problem.

The remaining alternatives available when funding has been exhausted. Explain what will happen to the project and the impending implications.

Most importantly, the specific manner through which problems might be solved. Review the resources needed, considering how they will be used and to what end.

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There is a considerable body of literature on the exact assessment techniques to be used. Any local, regional, or State government planning office, or local university offering course work in planning and evaluation techniques should be able to provide excellent background references. Types of data that may be collected include: historical, geographic, quantitative, factual, statistical, and philosophical information, as well as studies completed by colleges, and literature searches from public or university libraries. Local colleges or universities which have a department or section related to the proposal topic may help determine if there is interest in developing a student or faculty project to conduct a needs assessment. It may be helpful to include examples of the findings for highlighting in the proposal.

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Project Objectives: Goals and Desired Outcome

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Program objectives refer to specific activities in a proposal. It is necessary to identify all objectives related to the goals to be reached, and the methods to be employed to achieve the stated objectives. Consider quantities or things measurable and refer to a problem statement and the outcome of proposed activities when developing a well-stated objective. The figures used should be verifiable. Remember, if the proposal is funded, the stated objectives will probably be used to evaluate program progress, so be realistic. There is literature available to help identify and write program objectives.

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Program Methods and Program Design: A Plan of Action

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The program design refers to how the project is expected to work and solve the stated problem. Sketch out the following:

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The activities to occur along with the related resources and staff needed to operate the project(inputs).

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A flow chart of the organizational features of the project. Describe how the parts interrelate, where personnel will be needed, and what they are expected to do. Identify the kinds of facilities, transportation, and support services required (throughputs).

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Explain what will be achieved through 1 and 2 above (outputs); i.e., plan for measurable results. Project staff may be required to produce evidence of program performance through an examination of stated objectives during either a site visit by the Federal grantor agency and or grant reviews which may involve peer review committees.

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It may be useful to devise a diagram of the program design. For example, draw a three column block. Each column is headed by one of the parts (inputs, throughputs and outputs), and on the left 11-08 FF-5 (next to the first column) specific program features should be identified (i.e., implementation, staffing, procurement, and systems development). In the grid, specify something about the program design, for example, assume the first column is labeled inputs and the first row is labeled staff. On the grid one might specify under inputs five nurses to operate a child care unit. The throughput might be to maintain charts, counsel the children, and set up a daily routine; outputs might be to discharge 25 healthy children per week. This type of procedure will help to conceptualize both the scope and detail of the project.

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Wherever possible, justify in the narrative the course of action taken. The most economical method should be used that does not compromise or sacrifice project quality. The financial expenses associated with performance of the project will later become points of negotiation with the Federal program staff. If everything is not carefully justified in writing in the proposal, after negotiation with the Federal grantor agencies, the approved project may resemble less of the original concept. Carefully consider the pressures of the proposed implementation, that is, the time and money needed to acquire each part of the plan. A Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT) chart could be useful and supportive in justifying some proposals.

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The remaining alternatives available when funding has been exhausted. Explain what will happen to the project and the impending implications.

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Highlight the innovative features of the proposal which could be considered distinct from other proposals under consideration.

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Whenever possible, use appendices to provide details, supplementary data, references, and information requiring in-depth analysis. These types of data, although supportive of the proposal, if included in the body of the design, could detract from its readability.

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Appendices provide the proposal reader with immediate access to details if and when clarification of an idea, sequence or conclusion is required. Time tables, work plans, schedules, activities, methodologies, legal papers, personal vitae, letters of support, and endorsements are examples of appendices.

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Evaluation: Product and Process Analysis

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The evaluation component is two-fold: (1) product evaluation; and (2) process evaluation. Product evaluation addresses results that can be attributed to the project, as well as the extent to which the project has satisfied its desired objectives. Process evaluation addresses how the project was conducted, in terms of consistency with the stated plan of action and the effectiveness of the various activities within the plan.

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Most Federal agencies now require some form of program evaluation among grantees. The requirements of the proposed project should be explored carefully. Evaluations may be conducted by an internal staff member, an evaluation firm or both. The applicant should state the amount of time needed to evaluate, how the feedback will be distributed among the proposed staff, and a schedule for review and comment for this type of communication. Evaluation designs may start at the beginning, middle or end of a project, but the applicant should specify a start-up time. It is practical to submit an evaluation design at the start of a project for two reasons:

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Convincing evaluations require the collection of appropriate data before and during program operations; and,

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If the evaluation design cannot be prepared at the outset then a critical review of the program design may be advisable.

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Even if the evaluation design has to be revised as the project progresses, it is much easier and cheaper to modify a good design. If the problem is not well defined and carefully analyzed for cause and effect relationships then a good evaluation design may be difficult to achieve. Sometimes a pilot study is needed to begin the identification of facts and relationships. Often a thorough literature search may be sufficient.

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Evaluation requires both coordination and agreement among program decision makers (if known). Above all, the Federal grantor agency's requirements should be highlighted in the evaluation design. Also, Federal grantor agencies may require specific evaluation techniques such as designated data formats (an existing FF-6 11-08 information collection system) or they may offer financial inducements for voluntary participation in a national evaluation study. The applicant should ask specifically about these points. Also, consult the Criteria For Selecting Proposals section of the Catalog program description to determine the exact evaluation methods to be required for the program if funded.

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Future Funding: Long-Term Project Planning

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Describe a plan for continuation beyond the grant period, and/or the availability of other resources necessary to implement the grant. Discuss maintenance and future program funding if program is for construction activity. Account for other needed expenditures if program includes purchase of equipment.

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The Proposal Budget: Planning the Budget

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Funding levels in Federal assistance programs change yearly. It is useful to review the appropriations over the past several years to try to project future funding levels (see Financial Information section of the Catalog program description).

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However, it is safer to never anticipate that the income from the grant will be the sole support for the project. This consideration should be given to the overall budget requirements, and in particular, to budget line items most subject to inflationary pressures. Restraint is important in determining inflationary cost projections (avoid padding budget line items), but attempt to anticipate possible future increases.

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Some vulnerable budget areas are: utilities, rental of buildings and equipment, salary increases, food, telephones, insurance, and transportation. Budget adjustments are sometimes made after the grant award, but this can be a lengthy process. Be certain that implementation, continuation and phase-down costs can be met. Consider costs associated with leases, evaluation systems, hard/soft match requirements, audits, development, implementation and maintenance of information and accounting systems, and other long-term financial commitments.

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A well-prepared budget justifies all expenses and is consistent with the proposal narrative. Some areas in need of an evaluation for consistency are: (1) the salaries in the proposal in relation to those of the applicant organization should be similar; (2) if new staff persons are being hired, additional space and equipment should be considered, as necessary; (3) if the budget calls for an equipment purchase, it should be the type allowed by the grantor agency; (4) if additional space is rented, the increase in insurance should be supported; (5) if an indirect cost rate applies to the proposal, the division between direct and indirect costs should not be in conflict, and the aggregate budget totals should refer directly to the approved formula; and (6) if matching costs are required, the contributions to the matching fund should be taken out of the budget unless otherwise specified in the application instructions.

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It is very important to become familiar with Government-wide circular requirements. The Catalog identifies in the program description section (as information is provided from the agencies) the particular circulars applicable to a Federal program, and summarizes coordination of Executive Order 12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Programs" requirements in Appendix I. The applicant should thoroughly review the appropriate circulars since they are essential in determining items such as cost principles and conforming with Government guidelines for Federal domestic assistance.


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Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
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Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html




..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

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WRITING AND WRITERS GUIDES AND HANDBOOKS : GOVERNMENT: PUBLICATIONS : PLAIN LANGUAGE WRITING : UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: Government Writing Manuals Guides and Handbooks

David P. Dillard
 

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GOVERNMENT WRITING MANUALS HANDBOOKS AND GUIDES

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WRITING AND WRITERS GUIDES AND HANDBOOKS :



GOVERNMENT: PUBLICATIONS :



PLAIN LANGUAGE WRITING :



UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:



Government Writing Manuals Guides and Handbooks



..



..



WEBBIB1516



http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy



..



..





Government Writing Manuals Guides and Handbooks



WRITING AND WRITERS: GUIDES AND HANDBOOKS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:

Federal Plain Language Guidelines, March 2011



http://tinyurl.com/o684wda



Federal Plain Language Guidelines, March 2011

Plain Language.gov

Improving communications from the Federal Government to the public

Table of Contents

Think about your audience
Identify and write for your audience
Address separate audiences separately
Organize
Organize to meet your readers' needs
Address one person, not a group
Use lots of useful headings
Write short sections
Write your document
Words
Verbs
Use active voice
Use the simplest form of a verb
Avoid hidden verbs
Use "must" to indicate requirements
Use contractions when appropriate
Nouns and pronouns
Don't turn verbs into nouns
Use pronouns to speak directly to readers
Minimize abbreviations
Other word issues
Use short, simple words
Omit unnecessary words
Dealing with definitions
Use the same term consistently for a specific thought or
object
Avoid legal, foreign, and technical jargon
Don't use slashes
Sentences
Write short sentences
Keep subject, verb, and object close together
Avoid double negatives and exceptions to exceptions
Place the main idea before exceptions and conditions
Place words carefully
Paragraphs
Have a topic sentence
Use transition words
Write short paragraphs
Cover only one topic in each paragraph
Other aids to clarity
Use examples
Use lists
Use tables to make complex material easier to understand
Consider using illustrations
Use emphasis to highlight important concepts
Minimize cross-references
Design your document for easy reading
Write for the web
How do people use the web?
Write for your users
Identify your users and their top tasks
Write web content
Repurpose print material for the web
Avoid PDF overload
Use plain-language techniques on the web
Avoid meaningless formal language
Write effective links
Test
Paraphrase Testing
Usability Testing
Controlled Comparative Studies
Testing Successes
Paraphrase Testing from the Veterans Benefits Administration
Usability Testing from the National Cancer Institute

One may download the Word or PDF version of the full Guidelines.

(writers OR "writer s" OR writing) AND (manual OR handbook OR guide)
AND SITE: GOV

"employee manual" OR "employee manuals" OR "employee handbooks" OR
"employee handbook" OR "employee guide" OR "employee guides"

http://tinyurl.com/o684wda

..

WRITING AND WRITERS: GUIDES AND HANDBOOKS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT :

WRITING AND WRITERS: PLAGIARISM:

Avoiding Plagiarism, Self-Plagiarism, and Other Questionable Writing Practices:
A Guide to Ethical Writing



http://tinyurl.com/nlr5ymu



TABLE OF CONTENTS

Download PDF of this Module

26 Guidelines at a Glance

Introduction

On ethical writing

Plagiarism

.. Plagiarism of ideas
.. Acknowledging the source of our ideas
.. Plagiarism of text
.. Inappropriate paraphrasing
.. Paraphrasing and plagiarism: What the writing guides say
.. Examples of paraphrasing: Good and bad
.. Paraphrasing highly technical language
.. Plagiarism and common knowledge
.. Plagiarism and authorship disputes

Self plagiarism

.. Redundant and Duplicate (i.e., dual) Publications
.. Academic self plagiarism
.. Salami Slicing (i.e., data fragmentation)
.. Copyright Law
.. Copyright Infringement, Fair Use, and Plagiarism
.. Text recycling
.. Forms of acceptable text recycling
.. Borderline/unacceptable cases of text recycling

The Lesser Crimes of Writing

.. Carelessness in citing sources
.. Relying on an abstract or a preliminary version of a paper while
citing the published version
.. Citing sources that were not read or thoroughly understood
.. Borrowing extensively from a source but only acknowledging a small
portion of what is borrowed
.. Ethically inappropriate writing practices
.. Selective reporting of literature
.. Selective reporting of methodology
.. Selective reporting of results
.. Authorship issues and conflicts of interest
.. Deciding on authorship
.. Establishing authorship
.. Authorship in faculty-student collaborations
.. A brief overview on conflicts of interest

References

http://tinyurl.com/nlr5ymu



..



DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS: Employee Handbooks



http://tinyurl.com/qbv87ht





..







WRITING AND WRITERS: GUIDES AND HANDBOOKS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT :

EMPLOYMENT: HUMAN RESOURCES AND PERSONNEL: EMPLOYEE HANDBOOKS:

Employee Handbooks

United States. Small Business Administration



http://tinyurl.com/qbv87ht



(writers OR "writer s" OR writing) AND (manual OR handbook OR guide) AND SITE: GOV

"employee manual" OR "employee manuals" OR "employee handbooks"
OR "employee handbook" OR "employee guide" OR "employee guides"

https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/2015/07/13/writing-and-writers-
guides-and-handbooks-united-states-government-employment-human-
resources-and-personnel-employee-handbooks-employee-handbooks/

OR

http://tinyurl.com/qbv87ht



..



GRANTS AND GRANT WRITING :

WRITING AND WRITERS SKILLS AND TECHNIQUES :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:

National Institutes of Health.

Grants and Grant Writing. Writing Your Application



http://grants.nih.gov/grants/writing_application.htm



National Institutes of Health.
Grants and Grant Writing.
Writing Your Application

Website Contents
Introduction

Get Prepared

What to Know Before You Start Writing the Research Proposal

Developing Your Research Plan

Additional Elements Required in a Grant Application

Important Writing Tips



http://grants.nih.gov/grants/writing_application.htm



..


LAW : COURTS : WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

UNITED STATES: STATES: OHIO: GOVERNMENT: COURTS: SUPREME COURT: WRITING MANUAL:

Published for the Supreme Court of Ohio A Guide to Citations, Style, and Judicial Opinion Writing

..

https://www.supremecourt.ohio.gov/ROD/manual.pdf



LAW : COURTS :
WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :
UNITED STATES: STATES: OHIO: GOVERNMENT: COURTS: SUPREME COURT:
WRITING MANUAL:
Published for the Supreme Court of Ohio
A Guide to Citations, Style, and Judicial Opinion Writing
MAUREEN OCONNOR
Chief Justice
PAUL E. PFEIFER
TERRENCE ODONNELL
JUDITH ANN LANZINGER
SHARON L. KENNEDY
JUDITH L. FRENCH
WILLIAM M. ONEILL
Justices
STEVEN C. HOLLON
Administrative Director

[Table of Contents found in More Information below]



https://www.supremecourt.ohio.gov/ROD/manual.pdf

TABLE OF CONTENTS
PREFACE
PART I. MANUAL OF CITATIONS
INTRODUCTION TO THE MANUAL OF CITATIONS

SECTION ONE: CASES

1.1. Ohio Court Cases
A. Importance of May 1, 2002
B. Ohio cases decided before May 1, 2002
C. Ohio cases decided on or after May 1, 2002
1.2. Ohio Administrative Decisions
1.3. Abb reviations for Reporters of Ohio Cases

OHIO CITATIONS AT A GLANCE

1.4. Federal Cases
A. United States Supreme Court cases
B. Federal circuit court cases
C. Federal district court cases
1.5. Out -of-State Court Cases
A. Print published
B. Non-print published
C. Public-domain citation formats
D. Abbreviations for out-of-state reporters
E. Abbreviations for Wests regional reporters and others
The Supreme Court of Ohio ii Writing Manual
1.6. Foreign Cases...

SECTION TWO: CONSTITUTIONS

2.1. Ohio Constitution
2.2. United States Constitution

SECTION THREE: STATUTES AND ORDINANCES

3.1. Ohio Statutes...
A. Abbreviations
B. Section numbers, chapters, and titles
C. Legislative
acts
3.2. Ohio Municipal Ordinances
3.3. Federal Statutes
3.4. Out-of-State Statutes.
3.5. Miscellaneous Foreign Statutes

SECTION FOUR: RULES AND REGULATIONS

4.1. Ohio Rules
4.2. Ohio Local Rules of Court...
4.3. Federal Rules
4.4. Ohio Regulations
4.5. Federal Regulations

SECTION FIVE: SECONDARY SOURCES

5.1. Restatements
5.2. Texts, Treatises, and Dictionaries
5.3. Law Reviews.....
The Supreme Court of Ohio iii Writing Manual
A. Elements of citation
B. Title and source
5.4. Annotations
5.5. Encyclopedias
5.6. Ohio Attorney General Opinions
5.7. Nonlegal Magazines and Newspapers
5.8. Internet

SECTION SIX: MISCELLANEOUS CITATION RULES

6.1. Short-Form Citations
A. Generally
B. Information within a short-form citation
C. Short-form citations for cases that have no WebCite
D. Short-form citations for cases with a WebCite
E. Short-form citations for sources other than cases
6.2. Signal Words
A. Definition
B. Style
C. Common signals
D. Use of signal words
6.3. Citations Omitted.....
A. Use..
B. Attribution of a quotation within a quotation
6.4. Explanatory Case History
The Supreme Court of Ohio iv Writing Manual
A. Style
B. History affecting precedential value
6.5. Placement of Citation
6.6. Emphasis Sic, Emphasis Added, Emphasis Deleted...
A. General
B. Emphasis sic
C. Emphasis added
D. Emphasis deleted
6.7. Spacing within Parentheses in Citations
A. Abbreviated words
B. Unabbreviated words
C. Ordinal numbers
D. Names of months
6.8. Months of the Year
6.9. Abbreviations in the Style or Citation of a Case.
6.10. Use of Id., Supra, and Infra
A. Id
B. Supra and infra

PART II. STYLE GUIDE

INTRODUCTION TO THE STYLE GUIDE

SECTION SEVEN:

CAPITALIZATION

7.1. Proper Nouns and Proper Adjectives.
7.2. Titles of Persons.
The Supreme Court of Ohio v Writing Manual
7.3. Public Offices, Agencies, and Entities.....

SECTION EIGHT: DATES IN TEXT

SECTION NINE: USE OF NUMBERS

SECTION TEN: PUNCTUATION

10.1. Lists
10.2. Placement of Quotation Marks Relative to Other Punctuation
10.3. Punctuation and Capitalization of Quotations
10.4. Block Quotations
10.5. Ellipses
10.6. Placement of Footnote Numerals Relative to Punctuation

SECTION ELEVEN: FOOTNOTES

11.1. Use of Footnotes
11.2. Citations in Footnotes

SECTION TWELVE: ITALICS

12.1. Use of Italics
12.2. Reverse Italics

SECTION THIRTEEN: ACRONYMS, ABBREVIATIONS, AND PARENTHETICAL

REFERENCES

13.1. Definition
13.2. Use and Overuse
13.3. Identification
13.4. Plurals
13.5. Parenthetical References
The Supreme Court of Ohio vi Writing Manual

SECTION FOURTEEN: THE CASE CAPTION

14.1. The Formal Case Caption
14.2. The Cite-As Line
14.3. In the Matter of
14.4. Miscellaneous Caption Matters
A. Appellees
B. Cross-appeals
C. Original actions
D. Consolidated cases
E. References to juveniles

SECTION FIFTEEN: HEADINGS

15.1. Use of Headings
15.2. Form of Headings

SECTION SIXTEEN: COMMONLY MISUSED WORDS AND PHRASES

PART III. STRUCTURE OF A JUDICIAL OPINION

INTRODUCTION TO STRUCTURE OF A JUDICIAL OPINION

SECTION SEVENTEEN: AUTHORIAL DISCRETION

SECTION EIGHTEEN: OUTLINE OF A JUDICIAL OPINION

SECTION NINETEEN:

EXAMPLES OF OPINIONS CONSTRUCTED ACCORDING TO THE OUTLINE

19.1. Overview
19.2. Components of an Opinion.
A. Headnotes...
B. Syllabus
The Supreme Court of Ohio vii Writing Manual
SECTION TWENTY: DISPOSITIONS
20.1. Overview
20.2. General Dispositions.
20.3. Splintered Judgments
20.4. Judgments Ordering Parties to Act

SECTION TWENTY-ONE: SEPARATE OPINIONS

21.1. Generally
21.2. Categories
A. Concurring
B. Concurring in judgment only
C. Concurring in part and dissenting in part
D. Dissenting
E. Concurring in syllabus and judgment
F. Other categories

INDEX



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

INVESTMENT SECURITIES DOCUMENTS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION:

U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. A Plain English Handbook:

How to Create Clear SEC Disclosure Document



https://www.sec.gov/pdf/handbook.pdf



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

INVESTMENT SECURITIES DOCUMENTS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION:

U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

A Plain English Handbook:

How to Create Clear SEC Disclosure Documents
..
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
Office of Investor Education and Assistance
A Plain English Handbook:
How to Create Clear SEC Disclosure Documents

"This handbook shows how you can use well-established techniques for
writing in plain English to create clearer and more informative
disclosure documents. We are publishing this handbook only for your
general information. Of course, when drafting a document for filing with
the SEC, you must make sure it meets all legal requirements."

Table of Contents

Preface by Warren E. Buffett 1
Introduction by Arthur Levitt, Chairman 3
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission

Chapter 1
What Is a Plain English Document? 5

Chapter 2
Getting Started 7

Chapter 3
Knowing Your Audience 9

Chapter 4
Knowing the Information You Need to Disclose 11

Chapter 5
Reorganizing the Document 15

Chapter 6
Writing in Plain English 17

Chapter 7
Designing the Document 37

Chapter 8
Time-Saving Tips 55

Chapter 9
Using Readability Formulas and Style Checkers 57

Chapter 10
Evaluating the Document 59

Chapter 11
Reading List 61

Chapter 12
Keeping in Touch with Us 63

Appendix A Plain English at a Glance 65

The SECs Plain English Rulesan Excerpt 66

Appendix B Plain English Examples 69

Before and After Filings with Notes 70
a plain

From the Preface

"There are several possible explanations as to why I and others sometimes
stumble over an accounting note or indenture description. Maybe we simply
dont have the technical knowledge to grasp what the writer wishes to
convey. Or perhaps the writer doesnt understand what he or she is talking
about. In some cases, moreover, I suspect that a less-thanscrupulous
issuer doesnt want us to understand a subject it feels legally obligated
to touch upon.

Perhaps the most common problem, however, is that a well-intentioned and
informed writer simply fails to get the message across to an intelligent,
interested reader. In that case, stilted jargon and complex constructions
are usually the villains.

This handbook tells you how to free yourself of those impediments to
effective communication. Write as this handbook instructs you and you
will be amazed at how much smarter your readers will think you have
become."

"One unoriginal but useful tip: Write with a specific person in mind.
When writing Berkshire Hathaways annual report, I pretend that Im talking
to my sisters. I have no trouble picturing them: Though highly
intelligent, they are not experts in accounting or finance. They will
understand plain English, but jargon may puzzle them. My goal is simply
to give them the information I would wish them to supply me if our
positions were reversed. To succeed, I dont need to be Shakespeare; I
must, though, have a sincere desire to inform.

No siblings to write to? Borrow mine: Just begin with Dear Doris and
Bertie."

by Warren E. Buffett

Introduction

Investors need to read and understand disclosure documents to benefit
fully from the protections offered by our federal securities laws. Because
many investors are neither lawyers, accountants, nor investment bankers,
we need to start writing disclosure documents in a language investors can
understand: plain English.

The shift to plain English requires a new style of thinking and writing,
whether you work at a company, a law firm, or the U.S. Securities and
Exchange Commission. We must question whether the documents we are

used to writing highlight the important information investors need to make
informed decisions. The legalese and jargon of the past must give way to
everyday words that communicate complex information clearly.

The good news is that more and more companies and lawyers are using plain
English and filing documents with the SEC that others can study, use, and
improve upon. With the SECs plain English rules in place, every prospectus
will have its cover page, summary, and risk factors in plain English.

The benefits of plain English abound. Investors will be more likely to
understand what they are buying and to make informed judgments about
whether they should hold or sell their investments. Brokers and investment
advisers can make better recommendations to their clients if they can read

and understand these documents quickly and easily.

Companies that communicate successfully with their investors form stronger
relationships with them. These companies save the costs of explaining
legalese and dealing with confused and sometimes angry investors. Lawyers
reviewing plain English documents catch and correct mistakes more easily.
Many companies have switched to plain English because its a good business
decision. They see the value of communicating with their investors rather
than sending them impenetrable documents. And as we depend more and

more on the Internet and electronic delivery of documents, plain English
versions will be easier to read electronically than legalese.

The SECs staff has created this handbook to help speed and smooth the
transition to plain English. It includes proven tips from those in the
private sector who have already created plain English disclosure
documents. This handbook reflects their substantial contributions and
those of highly regarded experts in the field who were our consultants on
this project, Dr. William Lutz at Rutgers University and the firm of Siegel

and Gale in New York City.

But I hasten to add that the SEC has not cornered the market on plain
English advice. Our rules and communications need as strong a dose of
plain English as any disclosure document. This handbook gives you some
ideas on what has worked for others, but use whatever works for you.
No matter what route you take to plain English, we want you to produce
documents that fulfill the promise of our securities laws. I urge you in
long and short documents, in prospectuses and shareholder reports to speak
to investors in words they can understand. Tell them plainly what they
need to know to make intelligent investment decisions."

What Is a Plain English Document?

"Well start by dispelling a common misconception about plain English
writing. It does not mean deleting complex information to make the
document easier to understand. For investors to make informed decisions,
disclosure documents must impart complex information. Using plain English
assures the orderly and clear presentation of complex information so that
investors have the best possible chance of understanding it.

Plain English means analyzing and deciding what information investors need
to make informed decisions, before words, sentences, or paragraphs are
considered. A plain English document uses words economically and at a
level the audience can understand. Its sentence structure is tight. Its
tone is welcoming and direct. Its design is visually appealing. A plain
English document is easy to read and looks like its meant to be read."

This handbooks purpose

"This handbook gives you practical tips on how to create plain English
documents. All of these were born of experience. They come from experts
and those who have already written or rewritten their documents in plain
English.

As with all the advice in this handbook, feel free to tailor these tips to
your schedule, your document, and your budget. Not all of the tips will
apply to everyone or to every document. Pick and choose the ones that make
sense for you.

Some of our tips cover very basic mechanical issues, like how to photocopy
your working draft. Weve included them because they were learned the hard
way and have saved people time, money, and aggravation. Youll see them
listed in Chapter 8, titled Time-Saving Tips.

This handbook is by no means the last word on plain English. We expect to
change it and add more tips as we learn more about writing securities
documents in plain English. So please keep notes on your experiences and
copies of your original and rewritten language. We want to hear from you
and include your tips and rewrites in the next edition.

Finally, we encourage you to give this handbook out freely. It is not
copyrighted, so you can photocopy it without fear of penalty."



https://www.sec.gov/pdf/handbook.pdf



..



47576 WRITING AND WRITERS: SKILLS AND TECHNIQUES :

WEBSITE DESIGN AND PROMOTION: TRAINING AND INSTRUCTION :

HEALTH :

MEDICAL : EDUCATION :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:

Health Literacy Online: A Guide to Writing and Designing Easy-to-Use Health Web Sites



http://tinyurl.com/nd9xht6



WRITING AND WRITERS: SKILLS AND TECHNIQUES :

WEBSITE DESIGN AND PROMOTION: TRAINING AND INSTRUCTION :

HEALTH :

MEDICAL :

EDUCATION :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:

Health Literacy Online

Health Literacy Online:
A Guide to Writing and Designing Easy-to-Use Health Web Sites
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.
(2010)

Health literacy online:
A guide to writing and designing easy-to-use health Web sites.
Washington, DC:

Strategies
Actions
Testing Methods
Resources

Contents

About This Guide
Why Design Easy-to-Use Web Sites?
Building On the Principles of Usability
Terminology: Literacy and Health Literacy
A Note on the Research
What We Know About Web Users With Limited Literacy Skills
A Brief Introduction to User-Centered Design
Summary of Iterative Design and Testing Methods
Individual Interviews
Focus Groups Task Analysis
Person as and Scenarios

Card Sorting Prototypes

Usability Testing

Six Strategies for Writing and Designing

Easy-to-Use Health Web Sites

1. Learn About Your Users and Their Goals
The Basics
Actions
1.1. Identify your users. Who are they?
1.2. Understand their motivations. Why are they here?
1.3. Understand their goals. What are they trying to do?
Iterative Design Methods and Tips

2. Write Actionable Content
The Basics
Actions
2.1. Put the most important information first
2.2. Describe the health behavior just the basics
2.3. Stay positive and realistic. Include the benefits of taking action
2.4. Provide specific action steps
2.5. Write in plain language
2.6. Check content for accuracy
Iterative Design Methods and Tips

3. Display Content Clearly on the Page
The Basics
Actions
3.1. Limit paragraph size. Use bullets and short lists
3.2. Use meaningful headings
3.3. Use a familiar font in at least 12-point type
3.4. Use white space and avoid clutter
3.5. Keep content in the center of the screen and above the fold
3.6. Label links clearly
3.7. Use images that facilitate learning
3.8. Use bold colors with contrast. Avoid dark backgrounds
3.9. Make your site accessible to people with disabilities
Iterative Design Methods and Tips

4. Organize Content and Simplify Navigation
The Basics
Actions
4.1. Create a simple and engaging home page
4.2. Use labels that reflect words your users know
4.3. Enable easy access to home and menu pages
4.4. Make sure the Back button works
4.5. Use linear information paths
4.6. Include simple search and browse options
Iterative Design Methods and Tips

5. Engage Users With Interactive Content
The Basics
Actions
5.1. Include printer-friendly tools and resources
5.2. Simplify screen-based controls and enlarge buttons
5.3. Include interactive content that users can tailor but not too much
5.4. Incorporate audio and visual features
5.5. Explore new media such as Twitter or text messaging
Iterative Design Methods and Tips

6. Evaluate and Revise Your Site
The Basics
Actions
6.1. Recruit users with limited literacy
and limited health literacy skills
6.2. Choose experienced moderators
6.3. Test comprehension in multiple ways
6.4. Consider user engagement and self-efficacy
6.5. Create plain language testing documents

Iterative Design Methods and Tips

References

Appendixes

Appendix A: Reviewers

Appendix B: Sample Measures

Appendix C: Sample Testing Documents

Appendix D: Overview of ODPHP Original Research

Appendix E: Resources for Creating Easy-to-Use Web Sites

Appendix F: Annotated Bibliography
"Why Design Easy-to-Use Web Sites?
Although the problem remains largely
invisible, millions of Americans
have a hard time reading. As many
as half of U.S. adults have limited
literacy skills.2 Even more
Americans as many as 9 out of 10
have limited health literacy skills.
This means they have trouble
understanding complex health
information.



2 As more health
information and services
move online, Web developers and
professionals must find new
and better ways to communicate
health information to the public.
The number of older adults using
the Internet continues to grow.

A significant number of older Web
users are searching for health
information. However, age-related
changes in vision, hearing,

and cognition affect older adults use
of the Internet.

Taken individually, each of these factors
presents a challenge for Web
developers and health professionals.

Taken together, they represent an
urgent need for innovative design and
redesign of health content on the Web.
Several factors affect how well users
can find, understand, and use
information on the Web, including:

Access to computers and experience online



Ability to read and understand printed text

Complexity of information on the Web

Usability of the Web in general and Websites specifically.

Clearly written content, uncluttered Websites, and simple navigation

dramatically improve the performance and experience of Web users,

including those with limited literacy skills.

Studies show that simplifying your Web site improves the experience

of all users, not just those with limited literacy skills.

Clean layouts and familiar language are more usable for everyone"
The complete online publication may be read at the URL above.



http://tinyurl.com/nd9xht6

http://www.health.gov/healthliteracyonline/Web_Guide_Health_Lit_Online.pdf

A shorter URL for the above link:

http://tinyurl.com/nd9xht6



..



Writing for GOV.UK: How to Write Well for Your Audience, Including Specialists

https://www.gov.uk/guidance/content-design/writing-for-gov-uk



Content Design: Planning, Writing and Managing Content
From Government Digital Service

Contents:

Writing well for the web
Writing well for specialists
Know your audience
How people read
Titles and summaries
Structuring your content
Writing to GOV.UK style
After publication
Change notes

Excerpt

Writing well for the web

People read differently on the web than they do on paper.

This means that the best approach when writing for the web

is different from writing for print.

Our guidance on writing for GOV.UK is based on research into

how people read online and how people use GOV.UK.

It explains what each rule is based on.

When you write for GOV.UK you should:

use writing for the web best practice follow the

Government Digital Service (GDS) style guide and writing guidance

Meet the user need

Dont publish everything you can online.



Publish only what someone needs to know so they can complete their task.



Nothing more.

People dont usually read text unless they want information.



When you write for the web, start with the same question every time:

what does the user want to know?



Meeting that need means being:

specific

informative

clear and to the point

Finding information on the web

An individuals process of finding and absorbing information

on the web should follow these steps.

I have a question

I can find the page with the answer easily I can see its the

right page from the search results listing

I have understood the information

I have my answer

I trust the information

I know what to do next/my fears are allayed/I dont need anything else

A website only works if people can find what they need quickly,

complete their task and leave without having to think about it too much.


Good content is easy to read

Good online content is easy to read and understand.

It uses:

short sentences

sub-headed sections

simple vocabulary



This helps people find what they need quickly and absorb it effortlessly.

The main purpose of GOV.UK is to provide information - theres no excuse for
putting unnecessarily complicated writing in the way of peoples understanding.


Click this link to continue reading.



https://www.gov.uk/guidance/content-design/writing-for-gov-uk



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

COUNTRIES: GREAT BRITAIN: GOVERNMENT:

Content Design: Planning, Writing and Managing Content



https://www.gov.uk/guidance/content-design



Content Design: Planning, Writing and Managing Content
From Government Digital Service

Contents

Planning and managing digital content to meet

the needs the public has of government.

What is content design? Introduction to content design.

User needs How to write and record a user need for GOV.UK.

Planning content Find out how to decide if something

is suitable for GOV.UK, what the content life cycle is and

why accessibility must be planned for.

Content types When and how to use the GOV.UK formats.

Writing for GOV.UK How to write well for your audience,

including specialists.

Content maintenance How to manage your content.

GOV.UK content retention and withdrawal ('archiving') policy

When content should be withdrawn ('archived') and

when it should be taken down.

Research and evidence Tools and evidence

to back up content design decisions.

Welsh language on GOV.UK The policy governing use

of Welsh language on GOV.UK.

Links Adding links to content, making them accessible

and GOV.UK's external linking policy.

URL standards for GOV.UK How URLs are used on GOV.UK, their
formatting requirements and why short URLs are sometimes

created for promotional purposes.

Data and analytics How to use tools, such as Google Analytics,

to improve your content's search engine optimisation (SEO)

and get data on how users are interacting with your content.

Images How to choose images, and copyright standards for GOV.UK.

Campaigns on GOV.UK: standards and guidelines Options

to support promotions and marketing campaigns,

from short URLs to dedicated landing pages.

Use of government logos on GOV.UK When government logos

can be used on GOV.UK.

Blogging How and when to publish a blog.

Tables When to use tables and how to make them accessible.

Feedback How to send the Government Digital Service
comments and suggestions about this manual.

The complete document may be read at the URL above.



https://www.gov.uk/guidance/content-design



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:

EIA Writing Style Guide



http://www.eia.gov/about/eiawritingstyleguide.pdf



EIA Writing Style Guide

November 2012

U.S. Energy Information Administration

Contents

Introduction

Quick Tips-Style, Writing, and Grammar Tips

1. Editorial Voice and Words and Phrases to Avoid

Chapter 2: Policy-Neutral Writing

Chapter 3: Advice for Good Writing

Chapter 4: Grammar

Chapter 5: Commonly Misused Words

Chapter 6: Capitalization

Chapter 7: Numbers

Chapter 8: Commas

Chapter 9: Hyphens and Dashes

Chapter 10: Colons and Semicolons

Chapter 11: Periods

Chapter 12: Symbols

Chapter 13: Punctuating and Formatting Quoted Text

Chapter 14: Abbreviations and Units

Chapter 15: Itemized Lists and Bullets

Chapter 16: Footnotes, Sources, and Notes

Chapter 17: Hypertext Links

Chapter 18: British versus American English

Excerpt:

Quick Tips-Style, Writing, and Grammar Tips

EIA Style Use the serial comma: red, white, and blue.

Website and homepage and email: one word, no hyphens.

Spell out United States as a noun: U.S. oil is produced in the United
States.

Do not capitalize state, federal, or nation unless it's a proper name
(Federal Register).

U.S. Energy Information Administration and EIA; not U.S.

EIA and not the EIA. Write Washington, DC, not Washington, D.C.

Don't use postal codes except in addresses and footnotes:

Cushing, Oklahoma, not Cushing, OK

(except for Washington, DC where the postal code is part of the city name).

Writing time: Correct-3:00 p.m.; Incorrect-3:00 pm; 3:00pm; 3:00 PM.

Writing dates: Correct-January 2012; Jan 5. Incorrect-Jan 2012;

January, 2012; January '12; January 5th.

Write 1990s, not 1990's. Don't CAPITALIZE or underline for emphasis.

Use bold or italics. American vs. British English: gray



(A) vs. grey



(B); traveled



(A) vs. travelled



(B); forward



(A) vs. forwards (B).

EIA style uses American spelling and usage.

Punctuating bullets: No ending punctuation

(no commas or semicolons)

unless they are all complete sentences

(then end each sentence with a period).

Don't link click here or here. Link to the subject: See the full report;

Writing Be consistent with % (informal and education content)
and percent (formal content) within a document.

Title case capitalization: Natural Gas Consumption Increasing.

Sentence case: Natural gas consumption increasing.

Be consistent for headers and titles within a document.

Spell out (or define or link to a full spelling) acronyms

the first time used and repeatedly in separate sections

of a long document.

Avoid overuse of due to-try because, as a result of, or following.

Use since with time (Since 2005, natural gas use has grown.)

and because when you want to show cause

(Because it was raining, we got wet.).

Be policy neutral. Avoid words like plummeted, skyrocketed,

slashed, spiked, huge.

Use simple words: additionally ? also; utilize ? use; in order to ?

to; numerous ? many.

Don't use impact as a verb:
The weather affected (not impacted) electricity demand.

Don't begin a sentence with a numeral or a year.

Incorrect: 2012 stocks are increasing.

Correct: Stocks in 2012 are increasing.

Also correct: The year 2012 shows increasing stocks.

Grammar Which or that? Which nearly always has a comma before it.

If you can use that, use that. These two words are not interchangeable.

Which is not a more formal word for that.

Make bullets consistent: start with

verb, verb, verb; noun, noun, noun; adjective, adjective, adjective.

A person is a who, and a thing is a that. Correct: He is the person who
said yes.

Incorrect: He is the person that said yes.

Use an en-dash to mean through or to:

the temperature was 70-80 degrees.

Use the word minus in an arithmetic phrase.

Correct: Net imports = imports minus exports. Incorrect:

Net imports = imports-exports.

An em-dash is the length of two hyphens.

It's used to show a break in thought and is almost always used in pairs.

Correct: My sister Amy-who is two years younger than I am-
graduated from college before I did.

Hyphens with adjectives: short-term forecast, end-use technology.

No hyphens with nouns: in the short term, three end uses.

i.e. and e.g. must be followed by a comma.

It is better to spell out i.e. ? in other words and e.g. ?

for example.

"Punctuation goes inside the quote marks."

The complete document may be read at the URL above.



This publication is available on the EIA employee intranet and at:

htp://www.eia.gov/eiawritingstyleguide.pdf

http://www.eia.gov/about/eiawritingstyleguide.pdf

U.S. government publications are not subject to copyright protection, but
you should acknowledge EIA as the source if you use or reproduce this
content.

November 2012



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:

Style Manual: An Official Guide to the Form and Style of Federal Government Printing

http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/GPO-STYLEMANUAL-2008/pdf/GPO-STYLEMANUAL-2008.pdf





Table of Contents

About This Manual

GPO's Online Initiatives

1. Advice to Authors and Editors

2. General Instructions

3. Capitalization Rules

4. Capitalization Examples

5. Spelling

6. Compounding Rules

7. Compounding Examples

8. Punctuation

9. Abbreviations and Letter Symbols

Standard word abbreviations

Standard letter symbols for units of measure

Standard Latin abbreviations

Information technology acronyms and Initialisms

10. Signs and Symbols

11. Italic

12. Numerals

13. Tabular Work

14. Leaderwork

15. Footnotes, Indexes, Contents, and Outlines

16. Datelines, Addresses, and Signatures

17. Useful Tables

U.S. Presidents and Vice Presidents

Most Populous U.S. Cities by State

Principal Foreign Countries

Demonyms: Names of Nationalities

Currency

Metric and U.S. Measures

Common Measures and Th eir Metric Equivalents

Measurement Conversion

18. Geologic Terms and Geographic Divisions

19. Congressional Record

Congressional Record Index

20. Reports and Hearings

Index



http://tinyurl.com/kn2n44x

OR

http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/GPO-STYLEMANUAL-2008/pdf/GPO-STYLEMANUAL-2008.pdf



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS : UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION: NARA Style Guide



http://www.archives.gov/open/plain-writing/style-guide.pdf



National Archives and Records Administration
NARA Style Guide

Preface

Clear writing conveys clear thought. NARA writers

in all offices must strive for clear communication

to explain their increasingly complex work.

They write letters, memorandums, finding aids,

web pages, blogs, leaflets, reports, articles, exhibit

scripts, brochures, budget requests, speeches, forms,

and email messages. This style guide establishes

agency standards of punctuation, word usage, and

grammar that will answer writers most common

questions and will, we hope, promote clear and

effective writing throughout NARA.

Style changes over time and even from place to place,

depending on the intended audience.

These differences do not necessarily make one choice
?wrong.? What is ?right? is consistency within your

own work and using the appropriate language and

usage for your audience.

The NARA Style Guide fills two needs.

First, the section ?Writing for Plain Language ?

will help us comply with the Plain Writing Act of 2010.

Second, it addresses many of the questions and issues

unanswered by the Government Printing Office Style

Manual (GPO manual). This guide is based on the GPO

manual but includes modifications that reflect current

usage.

The most notable difference from the GPO manual

concerns the treatment of numbers. This style guide

simplifies the rules. In most cases, writers will spell

out numbers under 10 and use numerals for numbers

10 and over.
(See section 4.10.)

The GPO manual is still NARAs primary reference for style.

For issues not covered in the NARA guide, continue to

consult the GPO manual.

The appendix, ?Quick Reference,? may be particularly

helpful to NARA writers. This list of words and phrases

provides quick answers to common questions about

capitalization, spelling, compound words, and plurals.

The NARA Style Guide took shape from the agencys

specific language needs and will continue to change to

reflect the needs and concerns of NARA writers.

Use the NARA Style Guide for all NARA communications.

If you have questions about spelling, grammar,

or usage that are not addressed by this guide,

contact the Strategy and Communications staff

Helpful References

..


PlainLanguage.gov
http://www.plainlanguage.gov

..


Bremner, John B.
Words on Words.
New York: Columbia University Press, 1980.

..


The Chicago Manual of Style.
16th ed.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010.

..


Cormier, Robin.
Error-Free Writing:
A Lifetime Guide to Flawless Business Writing.
Paramus, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1995.

..


Editors of EEI Press,
E-What?:
A Guide to the Quirks of New Media Style and Usage.
Alexandria, VA: EEI Press, 2000.

..


General Services Administration,
Standard and Optional Forms Procedural Handbook.
Washington, DC: GSA, July 2009.
http://www.gsa.gov/portal/forms/type/SF

..


Gunning, Robert.
The Technique of Clear Writing.
New York: McGraw-Hill, rev. 1983.

..


Lauchman, Richard.
Plain Style:
Techniques for Simple, Concise, Emphatic Business Writing.
New York: AMACOM, 1993.

..


National Archives and Records Administration,
Guide for Preparing NARA Correspondence:
A Supplement to NARA 201 (June 13, 2005).
http://tinyurl.com/p9zmaol

..


National Archives and Records Administration,
Office of the Federal Register,
Plain Language Tools.
http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/write/plain-language/

..


National Archives and Records Administration,
Office of the Federal Register,
Drafting Legal Documents
http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/write/legal-docs/index.html

..


The New York Public Library
Writers Guide to Style and Usage.
New York: HarperCollins, 1994.

..


Redish, Janice (Ginny).
Letting Go of the Words: Writing Web Content that Works.
San Francisco: Morgan Kaufman, 2007.

..


Strunk, William, Jr.
The Elements of Style. With revisions, an introduction,
and a chapter on writing
by E. B. White.
4th ed.
Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1999.
(commonly known as ?Strunk and White?)

..


United States Government Printing Office
Style Manual.
Washington, DC: GPO, 2008.
http://www.gpoaccess.gov/stylemanual/browse.html

..



Contents

1. Writing in Plain Language

1.1 Think about your audience

1.2 Organize your material

1.2.1 Use headings and subheadings

1.2.2 Limit heading levels to three or fewer

1.2.3 Write short sections

1.3 Verbs

1.3.1 Use the active voice (unless passive makes more sense)

1.3.2 Use the simplest form of the verb

1.3.3 Dont hide the verb

1.3.4 Dont use ?shall?

1.3.5 Avoid the false subjects It is and There are

1.3.6 Use contractions when appropriate

1.4 Nouns and pronouns

1.4.1 Use everyday words

1.4.2 Avoid ?noun strings?

1.4.3 Use pronouns

1.5 Omit unnecessary words

1.5.1 Write with a word, not a phrase

1.5.2 Avoid redundancy

1.5.3 Avoid intruding words

1.5.4 Dont ?double? terms

1.5.5 Beware basis, manner, fashion, and way

1.6 Sentences

1.6.1 Write short sentences

1.6.2 Place words carefully

1.6.3 Use idioms

1.6.4 Minimize the use of ?not?

2. Formatting for Readability

2.1 Understand that isolation is emphasis

2.2 Dont hesitate to use headings in any document

2.3 Isolate lead sentences

2.4 Feel free to write one-sentence paragraphs

2.5 Use standard typefaces for the text

2.6 Leave the right margin ragged

2.7 Leave plenty of white space

2.8 Use discretion with graphics

2.9 Use tables to present comparisons

2.10 Use vertical lists

2.11 Use footnotes and endnotes for explanatory or peripheral information iv

2.12 Adjust established formats when necessary

3. Writing and Formatting Email

3.1 Think before sending

3.2 Use the subject field

3.3 Be cautious about using special type styles

3.4 Be judicious when capitalizing words

3.5 Keep paragraphs short

3.6 Maintain a businesslike tone

4. Usage and Style

4.1 Abbreviations and Symbols

4.1.1 Geographic locations

4.1.2 United States / U.S.

4.1.3 Personal titles

4.1.4 Citations

4.1.5 Typographic symbols

4.2 Acronyms

4.3 Addresses

4.4 Capitalization

4.4.1 Geographic terms

4.4.2 Military terms

4.4.3 NARA forms, directives, and notices

4.4.4 Organizations

4.4.5 Personal titles

4.5 Compounds

4.5.1 Prefixes

4.5.2 Compound adjectives

4.5.3 Compound nouns

4.5.4 Suspended compounds

4.5.5 References to ethnicity

4.6 Computer-related terms

4.7 Dates

4.8 Grammar reminders

4.8.1 Subject/verb agreement

4.8.2 Prepositions and pronouns

4.9 Gender-neutral language

4.10 Numbers

4.11 Plurals

4.12 Possessives

4.13 Problem words and phrases

4.14 Punctuation

4.14.1 Apostrophe

4.14.2 Colons and semicolons

4.14.3 Comma

4.14.4 Dash

4.14.5 Ellipses

4.14.6 Parentheses

4.14.7 Quotation marks

4.15 References to NARA

4.16 Titles of works: italics or quotation marks

Appendix: Quick Reference

Content Sample:

1. Writing in Plain Language

Writing in plain language means writing clearly.
It means writing so that readers can find what
they need, understand what they find, and use
what they find to meet their needs. The more
clearly you communicate, the more likely your
readers will grasp what you want them to grasp
and do what you want them to do, from filling
out a form correctly to complying with a regulation.
And the less likely it is that your readers will
call or write you to ask questions or express
frustration.

Ultimately, your job will be easier and more

pleasant if you take the time to communicate clearly.



http://www.archives.gov/open/plain-writing/style-guide.pdf


Preface

..

Clear writing conveys clear thought. NARA writers in all offices must
strive for clear communication to explain their increasingly complex work.
They write letters, memorandums, finding aids, web pages, blogs, leaflets,
reports, articles, exhibit scripts, brochures, budget requests, speeches,
forms, and email messages. This style guide establishes agency standards
of punctuation, word usage, and grammar that will answer writers most c
ommon questions and will, we hope, promote clear and effective writing
throughout NARA.

..

Style changes over time and even from place to place, depending on the intended audience. These differences do not necessarily make one choice ?wrong.? What is ?right? is consistency within your own work and using the appropriate language and usage for your audience.

..

The NARA Style Guide fills two needs. First, the section ?Writing for Plain Language? will help us comply with the Plain Writing Act of 2010. Second, it addresses many of the questions and issues unanswered by the Government Printing Office Style Manual (GPO manual). This guide is based on the GPO manual but includes modifications that reflect current usage.

..

The most notable difference from the GPO manual concerns the treatment of numbers. This style guide simplifies the rules. In most cases, writers will spell out numbers under 10 and use numerals for numbers 10 and over. (See section 4.10.)

..

The GPO manual is still NARAs primary reference for style. For issues not
covered in the NARA guide, continue to consult the GPO manual.

..

The appendix, ?Quick Reference,? may be particularly helpful to NARA writers. This list of words and phrases provides quick answers to common questions a bout capitalization, spelling, compound words, and plurals.

..

The NARA Style Guide took shape from the agencys specific language needs
and will continue to change to reflect the needs and concerns of NARA writers.

Use the NARA Style Guide for all NARA communications.

..

If you have questions about spelling, grammar, or usage that are not addressed
by this guide, contact the Strategy and Communications staff

..


(SC, Mary Ryan: mary.ryan@..., telephone 202-357-5482).

..


Helpful References

..

PlainLanguage.gov

http://www.plainlanguage.gov

..


Bremner, John B.
Words on Words.
New York: Columbia University Press, 1980.

..

The Chicago Manual of Style.
16th ed.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010.

..

Cormier, Robin.
Error-Free Writing:
A Lifetime Guide to Flawless Business Writing.
Paramus, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1995.

..

Editors of EEI Press,
E-What?:
A Guide to the Quirks of New Media Style and Usage.
Alexandria, VA: EEI Press, 2000.

..

General Services Administration,
Standard and Optional Forms Procedural Handbook.
Washington, DC: GSA, July 2009.
http://www.gsa.gov/portal/forms/type/SF

..

Gunning, Robert.
The Technique of Clear Writing.
New York: McGraw-Hill, rev. 1983.

..

Lauchman, Richard.
Plain Style:
Techniques for Simple, Concise, Emphatic Business Writing.
New York: AMACOM, 1993.

..

National Archives and Records Administration,
Guide for Preparing NARA Correspondence:
A Supplement to NARA 201 (June 13, 2005).
http://tinyurl.com/p9zmaol


..

National Archives and Records Administration,
Office of the Federal Register,
Plain Language Tools.
http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/write/plain-language/

..

National Archives and Records Administration,
Office of the Federal Register,
Drafting Legal Documents.
http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/write/legal-docs/index.html

..

The New York Public Library
Writers Guide to Style and Usage.
New York: HarperCollins, 1994.

..

Redish, Janice (Ginny).
Letting Go of the Words: Writing Web Content that Works.
San Francisco: Morgan Kaufman, 2007.

..

Strunk, William, Jr.
The Elements of Style. With revisions, an introduction,
and a chapter on writing
by E. B. White.
4th ed.
Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1999.
(commonly known as ?Strunk and White?)

..

United States Government Printing Office
Style Manual.
Washington, DC: GPO, 2008.
http://www.gpoaccess.gov/stylemanual/browse.html

..


Contents

1. Writing in Plain Language

1.1 Think about your audience

1.2 Organize your material

1.2.1 Use headings and subheadings

1.2.2 Limit heading levels to three or fewer

1.2.3 Write short sections

1.3 Verbs

1.3.1 Use the active voice (unless passive makes more sense)

1.3.2 Use the simplest form of the verb

1.3.3 Dont hide the verb

1.3.4 Dont use ?shall?

1.3.5 Avoid the false subjects It is and There are

1.3.6 Use contractions when appropriate

1.4 Nouns and pronouns

1.4.1 Use everyday words

1.4.2 Avoid ?noun strings?

1.4.3 Use pronouns

1.5 Omit unnecessary words

1.5.1 Write with a word, not a phrase

1.5.2 Avoid redundancy

1.5.3 Avoid intruding words

1.5.4 Dont ?double? terms

1.5.5 Beware basis, manner, fashion, and way

1.6 Sentences

1.6.1 Write short sentences

1.6.2 Place words carefully

1.6.3 Use idioms

1.6.4 Minimize the use of ?not?

2. Formatting for Readability

2.1 Understand that isolation is emphasis

2.2 Dont hesitate to use headings in any document

2.3 Isolate lead sentences

2.4 Feel free to write one-sentence paragraphs

2.5 Use standard typefaces for the text

2.6 Leave the right margin ragged

2.7 Leave plenty of white space

2.8 Use discretion with graphics

2.9 Use tables to present comparisons

2.10 Use vertical lists

2.11 Use footnotes and endnotes for explanatory or peripheral information iv

2.12 Adjust established formats when necessary

3. Writing and Formatting Email

3.1 Think before sending

3.2 Use the subject field

3.3 Be cautious about using special type styles

3.4 Be judicious when capitalizing words

3.5 Keep paragraphs short

3.6 Maintain a businesslike tone

4. Usage and Style

4.1 Abbreviations and Symbols

4.1.1 Geographic locations

4.1.2 United States / U.S.

4.1.3 Personal titles

4.1.4 Citations

4.1.5 Typographic symbols

4.2 Acronyms

4.3 Addresses

4.4 Capitalization

4.4.1 Geographic terms

4.4.2 Military terms

4.4.3 NARA forms, directives, and notices

4.4.4 Organizations

4.4.5 Personal titles

4.5 Compounds

4.5.1 Prefixes

4.5.2 Compound adjectives

4.5.3 Compound nouns

4.5.4 Suspended compounds

4.5.5 References to ethnicity

4.6 Computer-related terms

4.7 Dates

4.8 Grammar reminders

4.8.1 Subject/verb agreement

4.8.2 Prepositions and pronouns

4.9 Gender-neutral language

4.10 Numbers

4.11 Plurals

4.12 Possessives

4.13 Problem words and phrases

4.14 Punctuation

4.14.1 Apostrophe

4.14.2 Colons and semicolons

4.14.3 Comma

4.14.4 Dash

4.14.5 Ellipses

4.14.6 Parentheses

4.14.7 Quotation marks

4.15 References to NARA

4.16 Titles of works: italics or quotation marks


Appendix: Quick Reference

..

1. Writing in Plain Language

..

Writing in plain language means writing clearly.
It means writing so that readers can
find what they need, understand what they find,
and use what they find to meet their needs.
The more clearly you communicate, the more likely
your readers will grasp what you want them to grasp
and do what you want them to do, from filling out a
form correctly to complying with a regulation.
And the less likely it is that your readers will
call or write you to ask questions or express
frustration.



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

MEDICINE :

HEALTH :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICE.
CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION (CDC):

Plain Writing at CDC



Plain language improves communication. Decide who you are

trying to communicate with and decide on your key message.



Be clear.

Dr. Thomas Frieden, CDC Director, 2012

Our Promise to the Public: Writing You Can Understand

CDC is committed to using plain writing in information for the public.

Our information is relevant to many groups, and

plain writing makes the information even more useful.

The Plain Writing Act of 2010 requires all federal agencies

to write plainly when they communicate with the public,

and CDC is taking many steps to use plain writing.



http://www.cdc.gov/other/plainwriting.html



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

MEDICINE :

HEALTH :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:
U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY:

United States Environmental Protection Agency.

EPA Communications Stylebook



http://tinyurl.com/on8yulm



United States Environmental Protection Agency.
EPA Communications Stylebook

Contents Include
Nine steps to publication
Graphics Guide
EPA Communications Stylebook: Graphics Guide
Color Printing vs. Black and White
Writing Guide
Grammar, Punctuation, Spelling, Vocabulary, Syntax and Usage
Introduction - Writing Style in General
and much more



United States Environmental Protection Agency.

EPA Communications Stylebook

http://www2.epa.gov/stylebook

Also This Content Summary

http://tinyurl.com/on8yulm



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT :

HISTORY:

New Deal Programs: Selected Library of Congress Resources.

Federal Writers' Project



New Deal Programs:

Selected Library of Congress Resources.

Federal Writers' Project



http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/newdeal/fwp.html



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

MEDICINE :

HEALTH :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:
THE CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION :

SOCIAL MEDIA :

SOCIAL NETWORKING:

CDC's Guide to Writing for Social Media



http://tinyurl.com/8x6kew6



..



Table of Contents

...

Acknowledgements
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction
What Is Social Media?
What Is This Guide For? How Should It Be Used?
Social Media and Communication Strategy
Chapter 2: Before You Start
Target Audiences, Health Literacy and Plain Language, and Social Marketing
Chapter 3: Principles of Effective Social Media Writing
Creating Content
Examples of Relevant, Useful, and Interesting Messages
Chapter 4: How to Write for Facebook
Profiles and Pages
Best Practices for Writing CDC Facebook Posts
Sample CDC Facebook Posts
Chapter 5: How to Write for Twitter
Twitter Syntax
Anatomy of a Tweet
Best Practices for Writing CDC Tweets
Sample CDC Tweets
Chapter 6: How to Write Text Messages
Best Practices for Writing CDC Text Messages
Sample CDC Text Messages
Chapter 7: How to Use Your Web Content as Source Material for Social Media
Content
Make Social Media Writing Easier by Repurposing Web Content
Plan to Rewrite Your Web Content for Use in Social Media
Chapter 8: Hands-On Practice in Revising Social Media Content
Improve These Draft Facebook Posts
Improve These Draft Tweets
Improve These Draft Text Messages
Improved Facebook Posts
Improved Tweets
Improved Text Messages
Chapter 9: Checklist for Writing for Social Media
Chapter 10: Glossary
Facebook Terms
Twitter Terms
Texting Terms
Chapter 11: Social Media Writing Resources
CDC's Social Media and Writing Resources
Federal Agencies' Social Media and Writing Resources
State Government Social Media and Writing Resources
Other Social Media and Writing Resources
Appendix A: Audience Segmentation
Audience Information, by Age
Audience Information, by Role



http://tinyurl.com/8x6kew6



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT :

LAW: COURTS: JUDGES:

Judicial Writing Manual: A Pocket Guide for Judges



Judicial Writing Manual: A Pocket Guide for Judges
Second Edition
Federal Judicial Center
2013



http://www2.fjc.gov/sites/default/files/ 2014/Judicial-Writing-Manual-2D-FJC-2013.pdf

A shorter URL for the above link:

http://tinyurl.com/peo4c4e



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

AUSTRALIA: GOVERNMENT:

Australian Government Writing Manual



http://www.australia.gov.au/about-government/publications/style-manual



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT :

PROPOSALS : WRITING AND WRITERS: PROPOSAL WRITING:

A Guide for Proposal Writing.

FROM National Science Foundation.

Directorate for Education and Human Resources

Division of Undergraduate Education



A Guide for Proposal Writing.

FROM National Science Foundation.

Directorate for Education and Human Resources

Division of Undergraduate Education

Table of Contents

Introduction
Program Information
Review Process
Criteria for Evaluation

I. Intellectual Merit

II. Broader Impacts

ADVICE TO PROPOSAL WRITERS

Step 1 - Before You Write
Getting Started
Gathering Background Information
Looking at the Program Solicitation or Announcement
Thinking About the Target Audience
Building Coalitions
Other Considerations

Step 2 - Writing the Proposal
Writing the Proposal Narrative
Including Budget Information
Writing the Credentials of the PI and Other Staff
Including Evaluation and Dissemination Information
Letters of Endorsement
Project Summary and Project Data Form

Step 3 - Before Sending Your Proposal to NSF
Learning More About the Review Process
Getting Advice
Before Finishing the Proposal
Little Things That Can Make a Difference

Step 4 - Awards and Declinations
If The Grant is Awarded
If Your Proposal is Not Funded
A Final Note



http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2004/nsf04016/nsf04016.pdf



..



Plain Writing FROM The United States Agriculture Department (USDA).



"On July 19, 2012, the Center for Plain Language

issued the first report cardThis is an external link

or third-party site outside of the United States

Department of Agriculture (USDA) website.

of federal agencies' efforts to comply with the

Plain Writing Act. The report card grades agencies

on their efforts to comply with the Plain Writing

Act and each agency's plain writing supporting

activities. USDA received the highest grades

among federal agencies in both categories.

We are honored by this success, but there is more

work to do and we need your help. Please let us

know if you have trouble understanding any of

our documents."

As a measure of our success, the Center for Plain

Language awarded USDA its second "A" for compliance

and a "B" for how well our documents adhered to

plain language principles. We are proud of our

continued success - and will strive to further improve

how well we communicate with you.

Our pledge is in keeping with our long-standing

commitment to provide you with the information

you need from us. President Obama emphasized

the importance of establishing "a system of

transparency, public participation, and collaboration"

in his January 21, 2009, Memorandum on

Transparency and Open Government.

The Plain Language Action and Information Network

(PLAIN) is the official interagency working group

designated to assist in issuing plain writing guidance.

The PLAIN web site includes guidelines on plain

anguage and tools for writing in plain language.

Federal Plain Language Web Site
Federal Plain Language Guidelines
Federal Plain Language Tips and Tools
Plain Writing Act of 2010 (PDF)

In addition to the Federal Plain Language website tools

and resources available, USDA has developed its own

materials to assist employees with Plain Language

training and compliance, and guide you through the

process of integrating plain writing into covered

documents.

Plain Language Writer's Checklist (DOC, 15KB)
Plain Language Reviewer's Checklist (DOC, 13KB)
Plain Language Training Resources (DOC, 23KB)
USDA Plain Writing AgLearn Training (updated course)

Some other good resources developed by other Federal

agencies that discuss how to write using Plain Language in

technical writing can be found using the links listed below.

These include guides on how to write Federal Register

notices, legal documents, short rules, and more.

Federal Register Tools for Plain Language
SEC Plain Writing Handbook (PDF)



http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=PLAIN_WRITING

You can read about the 2013 report card here


This is an external link or third-party site outside

of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)

website.

http://centerforplainlanguage.org/report-cards/2013-report-card/

Memorandum on Transparency and Open Government.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/TransparencyandOpenGovernment

The Plain Writing Act of 2010 (PDF)
http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-111hr946enr/pdf/BILLS-111hr946enr.pdf

USDA Plain Writing Implementation Plan, July 13, 2011 (PDF, 90KB)
http://www.usda.gov/documents/PL-Report-final.pdf

USDA Plain Writing Implementation Plan, July 13, 2011 (PDF, 90KB)
http://www.usda.gov/documents/USDA_Compliance_Report_04-13-2012.pdf

USDA Plain Writing Act Compliance Report, April 12, 2013 (PDF, 1.24MB)
http://www.usda.gov/documents/usda-plain-writing-act-2013-compliance-report.pdf

USDA Plain Writing Act Compliance Report, April 14, 2014 (PDF, 1.53MB)
http://www.usda.gov/documents/usda-plain-writing-act-2014-compliance-report.pdf

and about USDA's work here

http://tinyurl.com/ncl3x24

http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2004/nsf04016/nsf04016.pdf



Federal Plain Language Guidelines



http://www.plainlanguage.gov/



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: GRANT WRITING :

WRITING AND WRITERS: GUIDES AND HANDBOOKS :

GRANTS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:

CATALOG OF FEDERAL DOMESTIC ASSISTANCE. GRANT WRITING:

Grant Writing

FROM The Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA)



http://tinyurl.com/ov64n72



..



Guidelines FROM Usability.GOV



Guideline Chapters

Chapter 1: Design Process and Evaluation
Chapter 2: Optimizing the User Experience
Chapter 3: Accessibility
Chapter 4: Hardware and Software
Chapter 5: The Home Page
Chapter 6: Page Layout
Chapter 7: Navigation
Chapter 8: Scrolling and Paging
Chapter 9: Headings, Titles, and Labels
Chapter 10: Links
Chapter 11: Text Appearance
Chapter 12: Lists
Chapter 13: Screen-Based Controls (Widgets)
Chapter 14: Graphics, Images, and Multimedia
Chapter 15: Writing Web Content
Chapter 16: Content Organization
Chapter 17: Search
Chapter 18: Usability Testing

The Research-Based Web Design and Usability Guidelines
is also available as a PDF (21MB) for downloading convenience.

It includes the:

Background and methodology
Glossary
Appendices
Sources
Author index



http://guidelines.usability.gov/

..



Research-Based Web Design and Usability Guidelines is also available as a PDF (21MB)
http://www.usability.gov/how-to-and-tools/resources/guidelines_book.pdf

United States Government Printing Office Style Manual. Washington, DC: GPO, 2008.



Title Page, Style Board, Extract from Title 44, U.S.C.,
About This Manual, GPO's Online Initiatives
PDF | Text | More

Contents PDF | Text | More

Chapter 1 - Advice to Authors and Editors PDF | Text | More

Chapter 2 - General Instructions PDF | Text | More

Chapter 3 - Capitalization Rules PDF | Text | More

Chapter 4 - Capitalization Examples PDF | Text | More

Chapter 5 - Spelling PDF | Text | More

Chapter 6 - Compounding Rules PDF | Text | More

Chapter 7 - Compounding Examples PDF | Text | More

Chapter 8 - Punctuation PDF | Text | More

Chapter 9 - Abbreviations and Letter Symbols PDF | Text | More

Chapter 10 - Signs and Symbols PDF | Text | More

Chapter 11 - Italic PDF | Text | More

Chapter 12 - Numerals PDF | Text | More

Chapter 13 - Tabular Work PDF | Text | More

Chapter 14 - Leaderwork PDF | Text | More

Chapter 15 - Footnotes, Indexes, Contents, and Outlines PDF | Text | More

Chapter 16 - Datelines, Addresses, and Signatures PDF | Text | More

Chapter 17 - Useful Tables PDF | Text | More

Chapter 18 - Geologic Terms and Geographic Divisions PDF | Text | More

Chapter 19 - Congressional Record, Congressional Record Index PDF | Text | More

Chapter 20 - Reports and Hearings PDF | Text | More

Index



http://tinyurl.com/d35c7qe



..



United States Government Printing Office

Style Manual.

Washington, DC: GPO, 2008

FULL TEXT IN ONE FILE OF THE ENTIRE PUBLLICATION.



http://tinyurl.com/kn2n44x



..



..



WEBBIB1516



http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy



..



..





Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html





..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

WRITING AND WRITERS: PLAIN ENGLISH WRITING : BIBLIOGRAPHIES : BOOKS : DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS: Plain English Writing

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


Plain English Writing Sources Including Books and Database Search Results

..

..


WRITING AND WRITERS: PLAIN ENGLISH WRITING :



BIBLIOGRAPHIES :



BOOKS :



DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS:



Plain English Writing



..



..



WEBBIB1516



http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy



..



..





Plain English Writing

..

..







Federal Plain Language Guidelines



http://www.plainlanguage.gov/index.cfm



Federal Plain Language Guidelines March 2011 - Rev. 1, May 2011
Plain-Language Training
Training Resources
Examples Database (beta)
Plain Language It's the Law
Agency Requirements
Agency PL Webpage
PL in Federal Agencies
Tips and Tools
Starting a Plain-Language Program
Planning a Plain-Language Website

Examples



http://www.plainlanguage.gov/index.cfm

..

American Academy of Nurse Practitioners
http://www.aanp.org/

..


American Academy of Ophthalmology
http://www.aao.org/

..


American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons
http://www.aaos.org/

..


American Academy of Physician Assistants
http://www.aapa.org

..


American Association of Health Insurance Plans
http://www.aahip.org/

..


American Association of Homes and Services for the Aging
http://www.aahsa.org/

..


American Association of Orthodontists
http://www.braces.org

..


American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
http://www.acog.org/

..


American College Health Association
http://www.acha.org/

..


American College of Preventive Medicine
http://www.acpm.org/

..


American Council of the Blind
http://www.acb.org/

..


American Counseling Association
http://www.counseling.org/

..


American Dental Hygienists' Association
http://www.adha.org/

..


American Dietetic Association
http://www.eatright.org/

..


American Geriatrics Society
http://www.americangeriatrics.org/

..


American Health Care Association
http://www.ahca.org/

..


American Lung Association
http://www.lungusa.org/

..


American Medical Association
http://www.ama-assn.org/

..


American Medical Student Association
http://www.amsa.org/

..


American Medical Women's Association
http://www.amwa-doc.org/

..


American Nurses Association
http://www.ana.org/

..


American Occupational Therapy Association
http://www.aota.org

..


American Optometric Association
http://www.aoa.org

..


American Pharmaceutical Association
http://www.aphanet.org

..


American Podiatric Medical Association
http://www.apma.org/

..


American Psychological Association
http://www.apa.org/

..


American Red Cross
http://www.redcross.org/

..


American Society of Clinical Pathologists
http://www.ascp.org/

..


American Urological Association
http://www.auanet.org/

..


American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance
http://www.aahperd.org

..


Anxiety Disorders Association of America
http://www.adaa.org

..


Arthritis Foundation
http://www.arthritis.org/

..


Association of Clinicians for the Underserved
http://www.clinicians.org

..


Association of Maternal and Child Health Programs
http://www.amchp.org

..


Association of Public Health Laboratories
http://www.aphl.org/

..


Association of Schools of Public Health
http://www.asph.org/

..


Association of State and Territorial Health Officials
http://www.astho.org/

..


Council on Education for Public Health
http://www.ceph.org/

..


Epilepsy Foundation of America
http://www.efa.org/



..



Association of Clinicians for the Underserved

http://www.clinicians.org

..


National Rural Health Association
http://www.ruralhealthweb.org/

..



National Association of Community Health Centers
http://www.nachc.com/

..


National Association of County and City Health Officials
http://www.naccho.org/

..


National Association of Health Data Organizations
http://www.nahdo.org/

..


National Family Caregivers Association
http://www.nfcacares.org

..


National Forum for Health Care Quality Measurement and Reporting
http://www.qualityforum.org

..


National Mental Health Association
http://www.nmha.org/

..


National Network for Immunization Information
http://www.immunizationinfo.org

..


National Public Health Leadership Development Network
http://www.heartlandcenters.slu.edu

..


Society for Nutrition Education
http://www.sne.org

..


The Society of Hospital Medicine
http://www.hospitalmedicine.org

..


Society for Public Health Education
http://www.sophe.org/



..



Federal Plain Language Guidelines



http://www.plainlanguage.gov/



..



Plain Writing FROM The United States Agriculture Department (USDA).

"On July 19, 2012, the Center for Plain Language issued the first
report cardThis is an external link or third-party site outside of
the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) website. of
federal agencies' efforts to comply with the Plain Writing Act.
The report card grades agencies on their efforts to comply with
the Plain Writing Act and each agency's plain writing supporting
activities. USDA received the highest grades among federal
agencies in both categories. We are honored by this success, but
there is more work to do and we need your help. Please let us
know if you have trouble understanding any of our documents."

As a measure of our success, the Center for Plain Language
awarded USDA its second "A" for compliance and a "B" for how
well our documents adhered to plain language principles. We are
proud of our continued success - and will strive to further improve
how well we communicate with you.

Our pledge is in keeping with our long-standing commitment to
provide you with the information you need from us. President
Obama emphasized the importance of establishing "a system of
transparency, public participation, and collaboration" in his
January 21, 2009, Memorandum on Transparency and Open
Government.

The Plain Language Action and Information Network (PLAIN) is the
official interagency working group designated to assist in issuing
plain writing guidance. The PLAIN web site includes guidelines on
plain language and tools for writing in plain language.

Federal Plain Language Web Site
Federal Plain Language Guidelines
Federal Plain Language Tips and Tools
Plain Writing Act of 2010 (PDF)

In addition to the Federal Plain Language website tools and resources
available, USDA has developed its own materials to assist employees
with Plain Language training and compliance, and guide you through
the process of integrating plain writing into covered documents.

Plain Language Writer's Checklist (DOC, 15KB)
Plain Language Reviewer's Checklist (DOC, 13KB)
Plain Language Training Resources (DOC, 23KB)
USDA Plain Writing AgLearn Training (updated course)

Some other good resources developed by other Federal agencies that
discuss how to write using Plain Language in technical writing can be
found using the links listed below. These include guides on how to write
Federal Register notices, legal documents, short rules, and more.

Federal Register Tools for Plain Language
SEC Plain Writing Handbook (PDF)



http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=PLAIN_WRITING



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: GUIDES AND HANDBOOKS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:

Federal Plain Language Guidelines, March 2011

Federal Plain Language Guidelines, March 2011

Plain Language.gov

Improving communications from the Federal Government to the public

Table of Contents

Think about your audience
Identify and write for your audience
Address separate audiences separately
Organize
Organize to meet your readers' needs
Address one person, not a group
Use lots of useful headings
Write short sections
Write your document
Words
Verbs
Use active voice
Use the simplest form of a verb
Avoid hidden verbs
Use "must" to indicate requirements
Use contractions when appropriate
Nouns and pronouns
Don't turn verbs into nouns
Use pronouns to speak directly to readers
Minimize abbreviations
Other word issues
Use short, simple words
Omit unnecessary words
Dealing with definitions
Use the same term consistently for a specific thought or
object
Avoid legal, foreign, and technical jargon
Don't use slashes
Sentences
Write short sentences
Keep subject, verb, and object close together
Avoid double negatives and exceptions to exceptions
Place the main idea before exceptions and conditions
Place words carefully
Paragraphs
Have a topic sentence
Use transition words
Write short paragraphs
Cover only one topic in each paragraph
Other aids to clarity
Use examples
Use lists
Use tables to make complex material easier to understand
Consider using illustrations
Use emphasis to highlight important concepts
Minimize cross-references
Design your document for easy reading
Write for the web
How do people use the web?
Write for your users
Identify your users and their top tasks
Write web content
Repurpose print material for the web
Avoid PDF overload
Use plain-language techniques on the web
Avoid meaningless formal language
Write effective links
Test
Paraphrase Testing
Usability Testing
Controlled Comparative Studies
Testing Successes
Paraphrase Testing from the Veterans Benefits Administration
Usability Testing from the National Cancer Institute

One may download the Word or PDF version of the full Guidelines.



(writers OR "writer s" OR writing) AND (manual OR handbook OR guide)
AND SITE: GOV

"employee manual" OR "employee manuals" OR "employee handbooks"
OR "employee handbook" OR "employee guide" OR "employee guides"

http://tinyurl.com/o684wda

OR

https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/2015/07/13/
writing-and-writers-guides-and-handbooks-united-
states-government-federal-plain-language-guidelines-march-2011/



..



SOCIAL ISSUES :

POVERTY :

ECONOMIC DISCRIMINATION:

Explaining White Privilege to a Broke White Person



Explaining White Privilege to a Broke White Person
Posted: 05/08/2014 12:57 pm EDT
Updated: 09/03/2014 11:59 am EDT
Gina Crosley-Corcoran
Huffington Post



http://tinyurl.com/n953e3h



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

INVESTMENT SECURITIES DOCUMENTS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION:

A Plain English Handbook: How to Create Clear SEC Disclosure Documents

WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :
UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION:
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
A Plain English Handbook:
How to Create Clear SEC Disclosure Documents
..
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
Office of Investor Education and Assistance
A Plain English Handbook:
How to Create Clear SEC Disclosure Documents

"This handbook shows how you can use well-established techniques for
writing in plain English to create clearer and more informative
disclosure documents. We are publishing this handbook only for your
general information. Of course, when drafting a document for filing with
the SEC, you must make sure it meets all legal requirements."

Table of Contents

Preface by Warren E. Buffett 1
Introduction by Arthur Levitt, Chairman 3
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission
Chapter 1
What Is a Plain English Document? 5
Chapter 2
Getting Started 7
Chapter 3
Knowing Your Audience 9
Chapter 4
Knowing the Information You Need to Disclose 11
Chapter 5
Reorganizing the Document 15
Chapter 6
Writing in Plain English 17
Chapter 7
Designing the Document 37
Chapter 8
Time-Saving Tips 55
Chapter 9
Using Readability Formulas and Style Checkers 57
Chapter 10
Evaluating the Document 59
Chapter 11
Reading List 61
Chapter 12
Keeping in Touch with Us 63
Appendix A Plain English at a Glance 65
The SECs Plain English Rulesan Excerpt 66
Appendix B Plain English Examples 69
Before and After Filings with Notes 70
a plain

From the Preface

"There are several possible explanations as to why I and others sometimes
stumble over an accounting note or indenture description. Maybe we simply
dont have the technical knowledge to grasp what the writer wishes to
convey. Or perhaps the writer doesnt understand what he or she is talking
about. In some cases, moreover, I suspect that a less-thanscrupulous
issuer doesnt want us to understand a subject it feels legally obligated
to touch upon.

Perhaps the most common problem, however, is that a well-intentioned and
informed writer simply fails to get the message across to an intelligent,
interested reader. In that case, stilted jargon and complex constructions
are usually the villains.

This handbook tells you how to free yourself of those impediments to
effective communication. Write as this handbook instructs you and you
will be amazed at how much smarter your readers will think you have
become."

"One unoriginal but useful tip: Write with a specific person in mind.
When writing Berkshire Hathaways annual report, I pretend that Im talking
to my sisters. I have no trouble picturing them: Though highly
intelligent, they are not experts in accounting or finance. They will
understand plain English, but jargon may puzzle them. My goal is simply
to give them the information I would wish them to supply me if our
positions were reversed. To succeed, I dont need to be Shakespeare; I
must, though, have a sincere desire to inform.

No siblings to write to? Borrow mine: Just begin with Dear Doris and
Bertie."

by Warren E. Buffett

Introduction

Investors need to read and understand disclosure documents to benefit
fully from the protections offered by our federal securities laws. Because
many investors are neither lawyers, accountants, nor investment bankers,
we need to start writing disclosure documents in a language investors can
understand: plain English.

The shift to plain English requires a new style of thinking and writing,
whether you work at a company, a law firm, or the U.S. Securities and
Exchange Commission. We must question whether the documents we are used to
writing highlight the important information investors need to make
informed decisions. The legalese and jargon of the past must give way to
everyday words that communicate complex information clearly.

The good news is that more and more companies and lawyers are using plain
English and filing documents with the SEC that others can study, use, and
improve upon. With the SECs plain English rules in place, every prospectus
will have its cover page, summary, and risk factors in plain English.

The benefits of plain English abound. Investors will be more likely to
understand what they are buying and to make informed judgments about
whether they should hold or sell their investments. Brokers and investment
advisers can make better recommendations to their clients if they can read

and understand these documents quickly and easily.

Companies that communicate successfully with their investors form stronger
relationships with them. These companies save the costs of explaining
legalese and dealing with confused and sometimes angry investors. Lawyers
reviewing plain English documents catch and correct mistakes more easily.
Many companies have switched to plain English because its a good business
decision. They see the value of communicating with their investors rather
than sending them impenetrable documents. And as we depend more and

more on the Internet and electronic delivery of documents, plain English
versions will be easier to read electronically than legalese.

The SECs staff has created this handbook to help speed and smooth the
transition to plain English. It includes proven tips from those in the
private sector who have already created plain English disclosure
documents. This handbook reflects their substantial contributions and
those of highly regarded experts in the field who were our consultants on
this project, Dr. William Lutz at Rutgers University and the firm of Siegel

and Gale in New York City.

But I hasten to add that the SEC has not cornered the market on plain
English advice. Our rules and communications need as strong a dose of
plain English as any disclosure document. This handbook gives you some
ideas on what has worked for others, but use whatever works for you.
No matter what route you take to plain English, we want you to produce
documents that fulfill the promise of our securities laws. I urge you in
long and short documents, in prospectuses and shareholder reportsto speak
to investors in words they can understand. Tell them plainly what they
need to know to make intelligent investment decisions."

What Is a Plain English Document?

"Well start by dispelling a common misconception about plain English
writing. It does not mean deleting complex information to make the
document easier to understand. For investors to make informed decisions,
disclosure documents must impart complex information. Using plain English
assures the orderly and clear presentation of complex information so that
investors have the best possible chance of understanding it.

Plain English means analyzing and deciding what information investors need
to make informed decisions, before words, sentences, or paragraphs are
considered. A plain English document uses words economically and at a
level the audience can understand. Its sentence structure is tight. Its
tone is welcoming and direct. Its design is visually appealing. A plain
English document is easy to read and looks like its meant to be read."

This handbooks purpose

"This handbook gives you practical tips on how to create plain English
documents. All of these were born of experience. They come from experts
and those who have already written or rewritten their documents in plain
English.

As with all the advice in this handbook, feel free to tailor these tips to
your schedule, your document, and your budget. Not all of the tips will
apply to everyone or to every document. Pick and choose the ones that make
sense for you.

Some of our tips cover very basic mechanical issues, like how to photocopy
your working draft. Weve included them because they were learned the hard
way and have saved people time, money, and aggravation. Youll see them
listed in Chapter 8, titled Time-Saving Tips.

This handbook is by no means the last word on plain English. We expect to
change it and add more tips as we learn more about writing securities
documents in plain English. So please keep notes on your experiences and
copies of your original and rewritten language. We want to hear from you
and include your tips and rewrites in the next edition.

Finally, we encourage you to give this handbook out freely. It is not
copyrighted, so you can photocopy it without fear of penalty."



https://www.sec.gov/pdf/handbook.pdf



..



WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

MEDICINE :

HEALTH :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICE.

CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION (CDC):

Plain Writing at CDC

Plain language improves communication. Decide who you are trying to
communicate with and decide on your key message. Be clear.

Dr. Thomas Frieden, CDC Director, 2012

Our Promise to the Public: Writing You Can Understand

CDC is committed to using plain writing in information for the public.

Our information is relevant to many groups, and plain writing makes
the information even more useful. The Plain Writing Act of 2010 requires
all federal agencies to write plainly when they communicate with the
public, and CDC is taking many steps to use plain writing.



http://www.cdc.gov/other/plainwriting.html



..



BOOKS: Oxford Guide to Plain English

Oxford Guide to Plain English
Author Martin Cutts
Edition 4
Publisher OUP Oxford, 2013
ISBN 0191649120, 9780191649127
Length 320 pages

Table of Contents

1 Writing short sentences and clear paragraphs
2 Preferring plain words
3 Writing tight
4 Favouring active voice verbs
5 Using vigorous verbs and untying noun strings
6 Using vertical lists
7 Converting negative to positive
8 Cross references cross readers
9 Using good punctuation
10 Pitching your writing at the right level
11 Six writing myths explored and exploded
12 Clearly nonsexist
13 Conquering grammarphobia
14 Sound starts and excellent endings
15 Planning well
16 Using reader centred structure
17 Using alternatives to words words words
18 Management of colleagues writing
19 Good practice with email
20 Writing better instructions
21 Clarity for the Web
22 Lucid legal language
23 Writing low literacy plain English
24 Basics of clear layout

its time to Proof read
commonest words
Sources and notes
Index



http://tinyurl.com/q3ueqzc



..


Oxford Guide to Plain English
Author Martin Cutts
Edition 4
Publisher OUP Oxford, 2013
ISBN 0191649120, 9780191649127
Length 320 pages



..



BOOKS: Legal Writing in Plain English, Second Edition: A Text with Exercises

Legal Writing in Plain English, Second Edition: A Text with Exercises
Chicago Guides to Writing, Editing, and Publishing

Table of Contents

Introduction
Principles for All Legal Writing
Principles Mainly for Analytical and Persuasive Writing
Principles Mainly for Legal Drafting
Principles of Document Design
Methods for Continued Improvement
How to Punctuate
Four Model Documents
Key to Basic Exercises
Bibliography
Index



http://tinyurl.com/nuywydt



..



BOOKS: How to Write Plain English: A Book for Lawyers and Consumers

How to write plain English: a book for lawyers and consumers
Author Rudolf Franz Flesch
Publisher Harper & Row, 1979
ISBN 0060112786, 9780060112783
Length 126 pages



http://tinyurl.com/oo5wlda



..



BOOKS: Grammar in Plain English

Grammar in Plain English
Authors Harriet Diamond, Phyllis Dutwin
Edition illustrated
Publisher Barron's Educational Series, 1997
ISBN 0812096487, 9780812096484
Length 358 pages

Table of Contents

Understanding Time and Number
Adding Descriptive Words
Using Descriptive Words Correctly
Adding Descriptive Phrases
Cumulative Review
Linking Words
Special Problems
Special Problems
Cumulative Review
SUMMARY OF RESULTS
More Punctuation
Capitalization
Spelling
Word Usage
Cumulative Review
SUMMARY OF RESULTS
Pronouns
Cumulative Re view
SUMMARY OF RESULTS
Punctuation
Practice Examination
Guide to Grammatical Terms



http://tinyurl.com/p3adnz5



..



BOOKS: CARs in Plain English

CARs in Plain English
Author Phil Croucher
Publisher Lulu.com, 2001
ISBN 096819284X, 9780968192849
Length 256 pages

Canadian Aviation Regulations Translated

Table of Contents

About the Author
Aircraft Identification
Operation of Leased Aircraft by a Nonregistered Owner
Personnel Licensing and Training
402
Airworthiness
General Operating Flight Rules
Preflight and Fuel Requirements
Technical Records
Commercial Air Services
Air Taxi
Operational Support Services Eqpt
Right Seat Conversion Training
Air Navigation Services



http://tinyurl.com/o23hft7



..



BOOKS: The Plain English Approach to Business Writing

The Plain English Approach to Business Writing
Oxford Paperbacks
Author Edward P. Bailey
Edition illustrated, revised
Publisher Oxford University Press, USA, 1997
ISBN 0195115651, 9780195115659
Length 132 pages

Table of Contents

What is Plain English?
Writing a Readable Sentence
Getting to the Point
Adding Visual Impact
A Model for Writing
More about Style
Passive Voice
Abstractness
Executive Summary
More about Layout
Typefaces
Headings
Bullets
Final Words
The Writing Process
Supervising Writers
Punctuation
More about Organization
Blueprint
Simpler Words and Phrases
Index



http://tinyurl.com/puelvhn



..



BOOKS: Statistics in Plain English

Statistics in Plain English, Third Edition
Author Timothy C. Urdan
Edition 3, revised
Publisher Taylor & Francis, 2010
ISBN 020385117X, 9780203851173
Length 223 pages

Table of Contents

Preface;
Chapter 1 Introduction to Social Science Research Principles and Terminology;
Chapter 2 Measures of Central Tendency;
Chapter 3 Measures of Variability;
Chapter 4 The Normal Distribution;
Chapter 5 Standardization and z Scores;
Chapter 6 Standard Errors;
Chapter 7 Statistical Significance, Effect Size,
and Confidence Intervals;
Chapter 8 Correlation;
Chapter 9 t Tests;
Chapter 10 One-Way Analysis of Variance;
Chapter 11 Factorial Analysis of Variance;
Chapter 12 Repeated-Measures Analysis of Variance;
Chapter 13 Regression.
Chapter 14 The Chi-Square Test of Independence
Chapter 15 Factor Analysis and Reliability Analysis:
Data Reduction Techniques;
Appendices;
Appendix A;
Appendix B;
Appendix C;
Appendix D;
Appendix E;
References;
Glossary of Symbols;
Index.



http://tinyurl.com/qbedbca



..



BOOKS: Plain English at Work : A Guide to Writing and Speaking

Plain English at Work : A Guide to Writing and Speaking
Author Edward P. Bailey Jr. Professor of Business
Communications Marymount University
Publisher Oxford University Press, USA, 1996
ISBN 0198026447, 9780198026440
Length 304 pages

Table of Contents

What is Plain English Writing?
Writing a Readable Sentence
Getting to the Point
Adding Visual Impact
A Model for Writing
More about Style
Passive Voice
Abstractness
Designing a Successful Presentation
Organizing Your Presentation
Using Examples
Remembering What to Say
Choosing Visual Aids
Designing Visual Aids
Designing Visual Aids Further Tips
Designing Computer Presentations
Punctuation
More about Organization
Blueprint
Executive Summary
More about Layout
Typefaces
Headings
Bullets
Graphics
Final Words on Writing
The Writing Process
Supervising Writers
Speaking Clearly Easily
Designing Your Presentation
Involving Your Audience and Using Humor
Rehearsing
Giving Your Presentation
Setting up the Room
Using Effective Techniques of Delivery
Presenting Visual Aids
Handling Questions and Answers
Final Words on Speaking
Helping Others Speak Better
Simpler Words and Phrases
Checklist for Speakers
Checklist for Setting up the Room
Index



http://tinyurl.com/nvc394f



..



BOOKS : LAW : DICTIONARIES: Nolo's Plain-English Law Dictionary

Nolo's Plain-English Law Dictionary
Author Gerald Hill Attorney
Publisher Nolo, 2009
ISBN 1413315496, 9781413315493
Length 477 pages



http://tinyurl.com/p3majzw



..



BOOKS: A+ Style Manual for Legal Writing in Plain English

A+ Style Manual for Legal Writing in Plain English
Language Learning
REA's quick & easy guide

Table of Contents

Rules of Citatlon
Abbreviations
Compound Words
Footnotes
Punctuation
Quotations Omissions
Italicizing
Career as a Lawyer or Judge
Proofreading Symbols

Author Staff of Research Education Association
Editors Carl Fuchs, Research and Education Association
Edition illustrated
Publisher Research & Education Assoc., 2001
ISBN 0878913653, 9780878913657
Length 106 pages



http://tinyurl.com/o3pvfla



..



BOOKS: The Law (in Plain English) for Writers

The Law (in Plain English) for Writers
Law in Plain English Series
Authors Leonard D. DuBoff, Bert P. Krages
Publisher SphinxLegal, 2005
ISBN 1572484764, 9781572484764
Length 280 pages

Table of Contents

The Freedom to Write
Privacy Defamation and Other Content Issues
Copyright
Copyright Protection
Copyright Infringement
Access to Information
The Writers Relationship
Publishers
Magazine Contracts
The World Wide Web
The Writers Business
Writing as a Business
Keeping Taxes Low
The Writers Estate
Avoiding and Resolving Disputes
Glossary
Literary Agents
Alternatives to Mainstream Publishers
Working with Other People
Contracts
Book Contracts
Internet Resources
Index



http://tinyurl.com/oxalyre



..



BOOKS: Celestial Navigation in Plain English

Celestial Navigation in Plain English
Author Bill Heinlen
Publisher ProStar Publications, 1990
ISBN 0930030699, 9780930030698
Length 72 pages

Table of Contents

Introduction
Why Pencil and Paper Celestial
What You Need
Basic Concepts
The Navigation Triangle
Talking That Talk
Hawaii Bound
Two Easy Sights for Latitude
Fixes
Using a Sextant



http://tinyurl.com/q9qzegk



..



BOOKS: The Law (in Plain English) for Galleries

The Law (in Plain English) for Galleries
Author Leonard D. Duboff
Publisher Skyhorse Publishing, Inc., 1999
ISBN 158115982X, 9781581159820
Length 224 pages

Table of Contents

Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Organizing Your Business
Business Organization Checklist
The Business Plan
Borrowing from Banks
People Who Work for You
Copyright
Trademarks
Advertising
Web Sites in Cyberspace
Customer Relations
Liquor and Controlled Substance Liability
Business Insurance
Product Liability
Renting Commercial Space
Getting Paid
Franchises
Contracts
Dealing with Artists Craftspeople and Other Suppliers
Catalog Sales
Estate Planning
How to Find a Lawyer and an Accountant
APPENDIX A Gallery Consignment Agreement



http://tinyurl.com/nvemp2c



..



BOOKS: In Defence of Plain English:
The Decline and Fall of Literacy in Canada

In Defence of Plain English:
The Decline and Fall of Literacy in Canada
Author Victoria Branden

Table of Contents

Talking Classy
Dats a Good Woid
Some Too Frequently Utilized Good Woids
Oh Say CBC
As It Lays Dyeing
From Whence These Apotheoses and Epiphanies?
Lost Words and Losing Battles
Redundancy and Related Absurdities
Mad Metaphors
Politically Correct?
Jargon Gobbledegook and Bafflegab
The Naughty Bits
The Ed Biz
Words and Music
In a Fine Frenzy
Coolspeak and Other Intalk
Prepositions Pronouns and Other Boobytraps
Odd Couples
Spelling Bee
Casualties of Pronunciation
Mind the Stop Developing Comma Sense
Foreign Classy
Lying Language
Patriotism and Propaganda
Conclusion
Bibliography
Acknowledgements
Publisher Dundurn, 1992
ISBN 0888821433, 9780888821430
Length 200 pages



http://tinyurl.com/oquxud6



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BOOKS: Math Made a Bit Easier:
Basic Math Explained in Plain English

Math Made a Bit Easier:
Basic Math Explained in Plain English
Author Larry Zafran
Publisher Larry Zafran, 2009
ISBN 1449565107, 9781449565107
Length 200 pages



http://tinyurl.com/nfh5thn



..



BOOKS: Writing Science in Plain English

Writing Science in Plain English
Chicago Guides to Writing, Editing, and Publishing
Author Anne E. Greene
Publisher University of Chicago Press, 2013
ISBN 022602640X, 9780226026404
Length 128 pages

Table of Contents

1 Why Write Science in Plain English?
2 Before You Write
3 Tell a Story
4 Favor the Active Voice
5 Choose Your Words with Care
6 Omit Needless Words
7 Old Information and New Information
8 Make Lists Parallel
9 Vary the Length of Your Sentences
10 Design Your Paragraphs
11 Arrange Your Paragraphs
Appendix 1 Basic Writing Concepts
Appendix 2 Exercise Key
Index



http://tinyurl.com/qh67a2t



..



BOOKS: Language on Trial:
The Plain English Guide to Legal Writing

Language on Trial:
The Plain English Guide to Legal Writing
Contributor Plain English Campaign
Edition illustrated
Publisher Robson Books, 1996
ISBN 1861050062, 9781861050069
Length 89 pages



Language on Trial: The Plain English Guide to Legal Writing
Contributor Plain English Campaign
Edition illustrated
Publisher Robson Books, 1996
ISBN 1861050062, 9781861050069
Length 89 pages

http://tinyurl.com/opejyjr



..



BOOKS: How to Write Plain English

How to Write Plain English
Author M. L. Stein
Publisher Monarch Press, 1984
ISBN 0671504258, 9780671504250
Length 144 pages



http://tinyurl.com/oa8kq27



..



BOOKS: The Rules of Golf in Plain English, Third Edition

The Rules of Golf in Plain English, Third Edition
Authors Jeffrey S. Kuhn, Bryan A. Garner
Edition revised
Publisher University of Chicago Press, 2012
ISBN 0226458229, 9780226458229
Length 184 pages

Table of Contents

The Game
Match Play
Stroke Play
Clubs
The Ball
The Players Responsibilities
Practice
Advice and Indicating Line of Play
Cleaning Ball
Ball Interfering with or Assisting Play
Loose Impediments
Interference and Relief from Obstructions
Interference and Relief from Abnormal Ground Conditions
Embedded Ball or Wrong Putting Green
Water Hazards
Ball Lost or Out of Bounds Provisional Ball
Unplayable Ball
Information About Strokes Taken
Teeing Ground
Searching for and Identifying Ball
Playing the Ball as it Lies
Striking the Ball Artificial Devices
Substituted Ball Wrong Ball
The Putting Green
The Flagstick
Movement of Ball at Rest
Moving Ball Deflected or Stopped
Procedures for Lifting Dropping and
Placing Playing from Wrong Place
Threesomes and Foursomes
ThreeBall BestBall and FourBall Match Play
FourBall Stroke Play
Bogey Par and Stableford Competitions
The Committee
Disputes and Decisions
Definitions
Appendix 1 Penalty Summary Chart
Appendix 2 Golf Etiquette
Index



http://tinyurl.com/q33ys3y



..



BOOKS: Power, Plain English, and the Rise of Modern Poetry

Power, Plain English, and the Rise of Modern Poetry
Author David Rosen
Publisher Yale University Press, 2008
ISBN 0300129483, 9780300129489
Length 224 pages



http://tinyurl.com/oxlxekz



..



BOOKS: Plain Language in Plain English

Plain Language in Plain English
Plain language wizardry series
Contributor Cheryl Stephens
Publisher Lulu.com, 2010
ISBN 0557537878, 9780557537877
Length 208 pages

Table of Contents

In Plain English
A Definition of Plain Language
The Plain Language Process
Identify Your Audiences
Research Your Readers
Reach Readers with Special Needs
Consider Readers Literacy
Prepare to Write 59
Write and Rewrite Plainly 99
Follow Usage Guidelines
Write Plain Sentences
Write Plain Effective Paragraphs
Implement a Plain 167
Use Style Guides as Arbiters
Resource Collection 189
Document Assessment Tool
Build Structure and Organize Content
Plan a Plain Design
Create a Working Draft
A Writing Glossary



http://tinyurl.com/px9gmts



..



BOOKS: Math In Plain English:
Literacy Strategies for the Mathematics Classroom

Math In Plain English:
Literacy Strategies for the Mathematics Classroom
Author Amy Benjamin
Publisher Routledge, 2013
ISBN 1317926757, 9781317926757
Length 144 pages

Table of Contents

Strategy 1 Teaching Mathematical Words Explicitly
Strategy 2 Teaching Academic Words Implicitly
Strategy 3 Reinforcing Reading Comprehension Skills that Apply to Mathematics
Strategy 4 Teaching Mathematics with Metaphor and Gesture
Strategy 5 Unlocking the Meaning of Word Problems
Strategy 6 Teaching Note Taking Skills for Mathematics
Strategy 7 Using Language Based Formative Assessment in Mathematics
Strategy 8 Connecting Memorization to Meaning in Mathematics
Strategy 9 Incorporating Writing to Learn Activities in Mathematics
Strategy 10 Preparing Students for Algebraic Thinking
Or Words Have Cousins?
Appendix 2 Making Connections in Vocabulary
Works Cited



http://tinyurl.com/pf44962



..



BOOKS: VINTAGE: Plain English, with remarks and advice
to some men who need not be nam'd. By D. Defoe

Plain English, with remarks and advice to some men
who need not be nam'd. By D. Defoe
Author Daniel Defoe
Publisher C. Carter, 1712
Original from The British Library
Digitized Dec 10, 2014
Length 16 pages



http://tinyurl.com/okend8r



..



DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS : GOOGLE SCHOLAR : Plain English....

Sample of Titles Found with This Search

PLAIN ENGLISH WRITING
Writing in plain English
Legal Writing in Plain English: A text with exercises
Introduction to legal English: an introduction to legal terminology,
reasoning, and writing in plain English
Writing Plain English: Why it Should be Done;
how It's Being Done, how You Can Do it
Effective writing: plain English at work
A Guide to Plain English Writing in the Workplace
Plain English Writing Project
Plain English in Law and Commerce in South Africa
Writing plain English: A guide for writers and designers
of official forms, leaflets, letters, labels and agreements
A review of plain English writing tips for US government documents
The Practice of Journalism: A Guide to Reporting and Writing the News
Plain Language Pleasing your associates and writing
in plain English can be tricky-trust your instincts
Plain English writing projects:
some issues, guidelines and implications
The Scrivener: Modern Legal Writing:
Plain English Part IV: Keep it Straight, Tabulate
RULES FOR WRITING PLAIN ENGLISH
The skill of writing in plain English
Plain Language Style Guide References



"PLAIN ENGLISH WRITING" OR "WRITING PLAIN ENGLISH" OR
"WRITING IN PLAIN ENGLISH" OR "PLAIN ENGLISH EXPOSITION" OR
"PLAIN ENGLISH IN MEDICINE" OR "PLAIN ENGLISH IN LAW" OR
"PLAIN ENGLISH IN GOVERNMENT" OR "PLAIN ENGLISH EDUCATION"

http://tinyurl.com/pku8alf







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

GOOGLE IMAGES : Plain English....



http://tinyurl.com/os2o32e







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

GOOGLE VIDEOS : Plain English....



http://tinyurl.com/o6un9mf







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

GOOGLE DOMAIN LIMITED WEB SEARCH (BLOGS) : Plain English....



http://tinyurl.com/pcw664c







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

GOOGLE DOMAIN LIMITED WEB SEARCH (GOV) : Plain English....



http://tinyurl.com/np6vhl6







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

GOOGLE DOMAIN LIMITED WEB SEARCH (ORG) : Plain English....



http://tinyurl.com/qayboh8







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

GOOGLE DOMAIN LIMITED WEB SEARCH (EDU) : Plain English....



http://tinyurl.com/ok7ag6e







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

GOOGLE DOMAIN LIMITED WEB SEARCH (PUBMED) : Plain English....



http://tinyurl.com/o4xjwms







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

GOOGLE DOMAIN LIMITED WEB SEARCH (JSTOR) : Plain English....



http://tinyurl.com/o48thmp







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

GOOGLE DOMAIN LIMITED WEB SEARCH (SCIENCEDIRECT) : Plain English....



http://tinyurl.com/oj5nthc







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

GOOGLE DOMAIN LIMITED WEB SEARCH (NEWS) : Plain English....



http://tinyurl.com/nz9ordf







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

GOOGLE NEWS SEARCH : Plain English....



http://tinyurl.com/pvfoklp







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

TEMPLE SUMMON SEARCH : Plain English....



2,088 results

Source Type

Book / eBook 989
Book Chapter 27
Book Review 64
Conference Proceeding 2
Dissertation 25
Government Document 16
Journal Article 296
Magazine Article 100
Newsletter 7
Newspaper Article 523
Publication 4
Reference 5
Report 2
Research Guide 1
Trade Publication Article 28
Transcript 22
Web Resource 3



http://tinyurl.com/pczd67g







DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS: Plain English Research Guides



http://tinyurl.com/osexzrz

("PLAIN ENGLISH WRITING" OR "WRITING PLAIN ENGLISH"

OR "WRITING IN PLAIN ENGLISH" OR "PLAIN ENGLISH

EXPOSITION" OR "PLAIN ENGLISH IN MEDICINE" OR

"PLAIN ENGLISH IN LAW" OR "PLAIN ENGLISH IN GOVERNMENT"

OR "PLAIN ENGLISH EDUCATION" AND ("RESEARCH GUIDE"

OR SUBJECT GUIDE")

..

..

WEBBIB1516

http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy

..

..



Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

NET-GOLD
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/net-gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


Research Paper Writing
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
Employment
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
Internships
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
Hospitality
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
Disabilities And Employment
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
Indoor Gardening
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/indoorgardeningurban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/educator-gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/k12adminlife/

Public Health Resources Including Ebola
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

The Russell Conwell Learning Center Research Guide:
Information Literacy
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs On Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (Eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Railtram Discussion Group
from the union pacific to britrail and beyond
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/railtram/info

Indoor Gardening
improve your chances for indoor gardening success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/indoorgardeningurban/

Sport-Med
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

Health Diet Fitness Recreation Sports Tourism
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html







..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664

..


..








































Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html

[Net-Gold] CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE : POLICE BRUTALITY : POLICE MISCONDUCT : UNITED STATES: STATES: SOUTH CAROLINA: South Carolina Police Refuse to Release Name of Officer Who Killed 19-Year-Old

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE :

POLICE BRUTALITY :

POLICE MISCONDUCT :

UNITED STATES: STATES: SOUTH CAROLINA:

South Carolina Police Refuse to Release Name
of Officer Who Killed 19-Year-Old

..

..


South Carolina Police Refuse to Release Name
of Officer Who Killed 19-Year-Old

Chief says officer was acting in self-defence and naming him could prompt harassment, but lawyer for Zachary Hammonds parents disputes account

Associated Press in Seneca, South Carolina

Saturday 1 August 2015 16.40 EDT

The Guardian

http://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2015/aug/01/ police-shooting-zachary-hammond-south-carolina

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/ostrate

..

..


A South Carolina police chief has said he will not release the name of an officer who fatally shot a 19-year-old man in the parking lot of a Hardees restaurant, insisting the officer acted in self-defence.

..

snip

..

Covington has said the undercover officer pulled up beside Hammonds car to buy the drugs, and the officer in uniform was coming up to help with any arrests when Hammond drove his car toward the officer.

..

But the attorney for Hammonds parents, Eric Bland, contended that that explanation was false. He said a private autopsy, conducted on Thursday, showed Hammond was shot from behind, and that his car was not moving. He said Hammond was unarmed and was at Hardees on a date.

..

Bland is calling for the attorney generals office to put the case before a statewide grand jury to investigate. Noting that both Hammond and the officer are white, Bland said Hammonds death should be investigated with the same tenacity as cases that involve different races.

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
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INTERNSHIPS
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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
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Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
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..

CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE : POLICE BRUTALITY : POLICE MISCONDUCT : UNITED STATES: STATES: SOUTH CAROLINA: Zachary Hammond Shot From Behind By A Police Officer? Yes, Lawyer Says

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE :

POLICE BRUTALITY :

POLICE MISCONDUCT :

UNITED STATES: STATES: SOUTH CAROLINA:

Zachary Hammond Shot From Behind By A Police Officer? Yes, Lawyer Says

..

..


Zachary Hammond Shot From Behind By A Police Officer? Yes, Lawyer Says

Posted: August 1, 2015

Inquisitr

http://www.inquisitr.com/2301153/zachary-hammond-shot-
from-behind-by-a-police-officer-yes-lawyer-says-186098/

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/op35ck8

..

..


Autopsy results prove that 19-year-old Zachary Hammond was shot from behind by a police officer, according to the lawyer representing the family. This latest police shooting puts South Carolina on pace for the most officer-involved shootings in at least 15 years, the Associated Press reports.

..

Zachary Hammond was shot and killed by police on Sunday night during a drug sting operation. Reportedly, Hammond drove his car toward an officer in a fast food restaurant parking lot, which forced the officer to open fire on the teen. The unidentified Seneca police officer claims he feared for his life after seeing Hammond drive his car toward him.

..

According to a statement from Oconee County Coroner Karl Addis, autopsy results showed that Hammond was shot twice once in the chest and once in the collarbone. Hammonds parents were skeptical of the police departments claims that their son was shot in self-defense so they hired attorney Eric Bland. Bland also doubted the self-defense claim and has asked the state Attorney General to launch a statewide grand jury investigation into the matter. Upon examining images of the bullet wounds, Bland determined that there was no way that Hammond wasnt shot from behind.

..

It is clearly, clearly from the back, Bland said. It is physically impossible for him to be trying to flee or run over the officer that shot him.

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

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..

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Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
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..

..

POLICE BRUTALITY : POLICE MISCONDUCT : UNITED STATES: STATES: MASSACHUSETTS: Take away This Bully's Badge

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


POLICE BRUTALITY :

POLICE MISCONDUCT :

UNITED STATES: STATES: MASSACHUSETTS:

Take away This Bully's Badge

..

..


Take away This Bully's Badge

By Thomas Farragher

Boston Globe

August 01, 2015

https://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2015/07/31/
medford-police-chief-says-police-officer-has-faced-past-complaints/
ZCGKF88lG33npLhdpSpRfI/story.html

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/q3mun8h

..

..


MEDFORD Stephen LeBert is a roadside bully.

..

Actually, hes worse than that. Hes a bully with a badge and a gun. And his days as a member of the Medford Police Department must be numbered. Its hard to imagine Mayor Michael J. McGlynn welcoming him back to the police force after what he did on High Street here on Sunday night.

..

LeBert is the police officer excuse me, a [expletive] Medford detective who encountered motorist Michael A. Coates in a rotary here, when a confused Coates entered the rotary the wrong way, nearly hitting the off-duty LeBert head-on, according to the officer.

..

LeBert then tailgated Coates, 25, with his high beams on, Coatess lawyer said, before the 30-year police force veteran dressed in shorts and a white T-shirt angrily confronted Coates.

..

What happened next is not exactly what they teach you at the police academy.

..

Ill put a hole right through your [expletive] head, LeBert, enraged and out of control, said during the encounter captured by Coatess dashboard camera. Pull your car over. Ill put a hole right in your [expletive] head. Ill put a hole right through your head.

..

What a great guy, just the officer youd like your wife or mother or your niece or nephew to see after theyve made a mistake behind the wheel.

..

..


Medford Mayor Promises 'Decisive Action' after Taped Stop

By John R. Ellement

Boston Globe

July 29, 2015

https://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2015/07/29/
medford-mayor-promises-decisive-action-after-videotaped-stop/
ReecaN1fXEXFIPNShGnduM/story.html?p1=Article_Related_Box_Article

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/nspmdsm

..

..


Medford Mayor Michael J. McGlynn says he is shocked by the actions of a Medford police detective who was captured on camera last weekend, allegedly saying that he could put a hole in the head of a motorist.

..

In a statement issued Tuesday, McGlynn said he supports Medford Police Chief Leo Saccos decision to place Detective Stephen LeBert on administrative leave pending an internal affairs investigation.

..

The words and behavior of the officer as shown on that video go far beyond the acceptable standards of behavior of a police officer, McGlynn said in the statement. I was fully shocked and saddened by the detectives statements and his demeanor directed towards the driver.

..

LeBert was off duty at the time of the episode.

..

The motorist posted a recorded portion of the episode on YouTube shortly afterward, and it quickly drew attention around the Boston area.

..

snip

..

LeBert wore a T-shirt and shorts. There were no police markings on his pickup truck, a personal vehicle.

..

LeBert reaches into his rear pockets and a side pocket as he walks toward the car, according to the video. The driver backs away, leaving LeBert in the middle of the street, holding what the chief said appeared to be his wallet badge in his left hand.

..

LeBerts right hand is down by his side.

..

Ill put a hole right through your [expletive] head, LeBert says in the video. Pull your car over. Ill put a hole right in your [expletive] head. Ill put a hole right through your head.

..

The driver tells LeBert that he did not know he was a police officer, then he pulled over.

..

snip

..

In his statement, McGlynn said that as the mayor of Medford for 28 years, he believes the vast majority of Medford police officers carry out their duties professionally and with courtesy to the public.

..

Previously, LeBert has been admonished by superiors after he was videotaped in 2012 episode blocking the camera of a man recording as Medford police officers interacted with his brother.

..

In that video, LeBert also tells the man that his brother should lie down in front of a train to end his substance abuse problems.

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
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Twitter: davidpdillard

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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
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Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

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..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
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..

..

CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE : POLICE BRUTALITY: Training Officers to Shoot First, and He Will Answer Questions Later

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE :

POLICE BRUTALITY:

Training Officers to Shoot First, and He Will Answer Questions Later

..

..


Training Officers to Shoot First, and He Will Answer Questions Later

By Matt Apuzzo

August 1, 2015

New York Times

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/02/us/ training-officers-to-shoot-first-and-he-will-answer-questions-later.html

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/nvxlqry

..

..


WASHINGTON The shooting looked bad. But that is when the professor is at his best. A black motorist, pulled to the side of the road for a turn-signal violation, had stuffed his hand into his pocket. The white officer yelled for him to take it out. When the driver started to comply, the officer shot him dead.

..

The driver was unarmed.

..

Taking the stand at a public inquest, William J. Lewinski, the psychology professor, explained that the officer had no choice but to act.

..

In simple terms, the district attorney in Portland, Ore., asked, if I see the gun, Im dead?

..

In simple terms, thats it, Dr. Lewinski replied.

..

When police officers shoot people under questionable circumstances, Dr. Lewinski is often there to defend their actions. Among the most influential voices on the subject, he has testified in or consulted in nearly 200 cases over the last decade or so and has helped justify countless shootings around the country.

..

His conclusions are consistent: The officer acted appropriately, even when shooting an unarmed person. Even when shooting someone in the back. Even when witness testimony, forensic evidence or video footage contradicts the officers story.

..

He has appeared as an expert witness in criminal trials, civil cases and disciplinary hearings, and before grand juries, where such testimony is given in secret and goes unchallenged. In addition, his company, the Force Science Institute, has trained tens of thousands of police officers on how to think differently about police shootings that might appear excessive.

..

A string of deadly police encounters in Ferguson, Mo.; North Charleston, S.C.; and most recently in Cincinnati, have prompted a national reconsideration of how officers use force and provoked calls for them to slow down and defuse conflicts. But the debate has also left many police officers feeling unfairly maligned and suspicious of new policies that they say could put them at risk. Dr. Lewinski says his research clearly shows that officers often cannot wait to act.

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
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Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

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..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
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..

..

POLICE BRUTALITY : POLICE CORRUPTION : UNITED STATES: CITIES: PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA: Philadelphia Police-Related Deaths Plunge, But is Reform Enough?

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


POLICE BRUTALITY :

POLICE CORRUPTION :

UNITED STATES: CITIES: PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA:

Philadelphia Police-Related Deaths Plunge, But is Reform Enough?

..

..


Philadelphia Police-Related Deaths Plunge, But is Reform Enough?

With only one killing recorded this year, brutality incidents and years of mistrust still mar the citys reputation

Jamiles Lartey in Philadelphia

Sunday 2 August 2015 07.00 EDT

The Guardian

http://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2015/aug/02/ philadelphia-police-related-deaths-plunge-reform

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/nenz586

..

..


Last Wednesday, Devon Guisherd shot a Philadelphia Swat officer in the chest before the officer returned fire and killed the 27-year-old. Guisherd had been wanted on murder charges tied to the death of 25-year-old Megan Doto, who was struck by a stray bullet in 2014. Dotos unborn daughter also died in the incident.

..

Guisherds death marked the first time this year a person shot by an on-duty Philadelphia police officer died as a result of their injuries. A few years ago, it would have seemed impossible that seven full months could pass before the city hit this milestone. In 2012, 15 people died after being shot by Philadelphia police, according to the departments own records. In 2013, 13 people died.

..

But in 2014, this number plunged to four, and in 2015, the city is on pace for even fewer. Police commissioner Charles Ramsey, who has been with the department since 2008, attributes this dramatic reduction to better training, new policies, and a department-wide emphasis on de-escalation. Our officers come into very volatile situations, Ramsey said in an interview with the Guardian. How do you de-escalate those situations so you dont have to use not just deadly force, but force in general?

..

According to Ramsey, reality-based training, during which officers are placed into live simulations, is key. Also critical is training frequent enough that officers can react without even thinking about it, it because its just reflex, Ramsey said.

..

Ramsey, who was selected by President Obama to co-chair the presidential Task Force on 21st Century Policing earlier this year, is no stranger to overseeing this type of decline in shooting deaths. In 1998, the same year Ramsey took the top cop job in Washington DC, the Washington Post released a scathing five-part series detailing how bad training and lax investigations had left the citys metropolitan police as the deadliest major police force per resident in the 1990s.

..

Ramsey asked the Justice Department to investigate and make reform recommendations. As a result, fatal officer-involved shootings fell between 1998 and 2001, from 12 to one.

..

Those reforms seem to be standing the test of time, too. According to The Counted, the Guardians ongoing investigation on police killings in 2015, the Washington DC metropolitan police department is the only major city department nationwide not to have had a fatal officer-involved shooting this year, although a transit police officer did fatally wound a man in March.

..

But the use of deadly force isnt the only measure of a department. In Washington DC, despite the success of many of his initiatives, Ramseys tenure was marred by a series of mass arrests of protesters. In both 2000 and 2002, DC metropolitan officers improperly rounded up hundreds of anti-IMF and World Bank demonstrators, costing taxpayers over $20m in settlements.

..

In Philadelphia, Ramseys reform-minded administration seems vulnerable to decades-old mistrust between many of the citys black residents and the police mistrust recently catalyzed by the now-viral video of an April arrest of 22-year-old Tyree Carroll.

..

Carroll was initially stopped by officers for riding his bike the wrong direction on a one-way street. In the video, officers can be seen repeatedly punching and kicking Carroll, and beating him with nightsticks. One officer can be heard yelling tase the motherfucker; another calls Carroll a piece of shit during the altercation.

,

By the end of the arrest, 26 officers are present on the scene. Before the video ends, one officer appears to angrily toss Carrolls bike to the side of the road. It was later revealed that the officers who arrested Carroll were from the narcotics unit, and police said that 5.3 grams of crack cocaine were found in his possession. The incident is now under investigation by the departments internal affairs department.


..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..



Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
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Twitter: davidpdillard

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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
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INDOOR GARDENING
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..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
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Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

CRIME AND CRIMINALS: ASSAULT, ATTEMPTED MURDER : POLICE BRUTALITY : HATE CRIMES : UNITED STATES: CITIES: PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA: Tyree Carroll Video With 26 Cops: Philadelphia Police Beat 22-Year-Old Unarmed Black Man Riding His Bike [Graphic Video]

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


CRIME AND CRIMINALS: ASSAULT :

POLICE BRUTALITY :

HATE CRIMES :

UNITED STATES: CITIES: PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA:

Tyree Carroll Video With 26 Cops: Philadelphia Police
Beat 22-Year-Old Unarmed Black Man Riding His Bike [Graphic Video]

..

..


Tyree Carroll Video With 26 Cops: Philadelphia Police
Beat 22-Year-Old Unarmed Black Man Riding His Bike [Graphic Video]

Posted: July 8, 2015

Inquisitir

http://www.inquisitr.com/2237282/tyree-carroll-video-with-26-cops-
philadelphia-police-beat-22-year-old-unarmed-black-man-riding-his-
bike-graphic-video/

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/qfwjaut

..

..


The YouTube video titled Philadelphia Cops Beat and Tase Black Man While He Screams for His Grandma on the YouTube channel of Jasmyne Cannick is currently going viral. According to Jasmyne, who is a Los Angeles-based blogger and journalist, the video shows a level of beating upon 22-year-old Tyree Carroll that is reminiscent of another famous beating that sparked riots.

..

A new video out of Philadelphia shows a young Black man being severely beaten and tased by Philadelphia officers in what can only remind you of Rodney King.

..

Cannicks video on YouTube is going viral. As reported by Raw Story, no less than 26 cops descend upon Carroll after Jasmyne says he was stopped after riding his bike.

..

..


Philadelphia police investigate violent arrest after video of beating emerges

Video depicts as many as 26 officers kicking and punching Tyree Carroll, 22, who was initially stopped for riding his bike the wrong way down his street

Jamiles Lartey and agencies

Friday 10 July 2015 15.32 EDT

The Guardian

http://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2015/jul/10/ philadelphia-police-investigate-arrest-tyree-carroll

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/njkh4qk

..

..


Philadelphia police have opened an internal affairs investigation into the violent arrest of a young black man, one day after video surfaced that appears to depict as many as 26 officers beating the man. Tyree Carroll, 22, was initially stopped, family members say, for riding his bicycle the wrong way on a one-way street.

..

In the video, which has been viewed more than 100,000 times since it was posted to YouTube on Wednesday, officers can be seen repeatedly punching and kicking Carroll, and beating him with nightsticks. One officer can be heard yelling tase the motherfucker; another calls Carroll a piece of shit during the altercation.

..

The young man can be heard calling out for his grandmother repeatedly during the incident. According to his family, Tyree Carroll lives with her on Locust Avenue, the same street where the arrest occurred.

..

I looked at it, and when I saw the cops beating him, I shut my mind off, Nancy Carroll told the Philadelphia Daily News.

..

The department said it is working to gather facts and identify all officers shown in the five-minute video. Witnesses counted 24 white and two black police officers plus 11 police cars at the scene, according to a description posted with the YouTube clip. So far, no officers associated with the April incident have been reassigned or taken off the street, a police spokesman said.

..

Lawyer Berto Elmore, who agreed to represent Carroll after a friend sent him the video, said he was frightened and upset by the officers conduct.

..

Arrest somebody. You dont have to beat him like that. You dont have to keep punching and punching and punching, Elmore told the Associated Press. Im at a loss. These guys get handcuffed and still get beat.

..

The Philadelphia police department has a long history of racial tension with the citys black residents, and also owns the unsavory distinction of being the only US police department to ever attempt an aerial bombing assault on its citizens. The 1985 Osage Avenue bombing of the black naturalist group Move killed 11 and destroyed 250 homes.

..

..


Philadelphia Cops Beat and Tase Black Man While He Screams for His Grandma

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i6tSl-Ff8Qs

..

..


Protesters demand justice after Philadelphia man's arrest caught on video

Friday, July 17, 2015

WPVI TV

http://6abc.com/news/protesters-demand-justice-after- philly-mans-arrest-caught-on-video/859436/

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/qyygvyl

..

..


CENTER CITY (WPVI) --

..

Protesters rallied outside Philadelphia Police headquarters on Friday demanding the firing of the officers involved in an arrest caught on video.

..

The struggle happened in April when police stopped Tyree Carroll as part of a drug investigation in Germantown.

..

Police said he bit two of the officers and did everything possible to avoid being handcuffed.

..

But Carroll's family said he was not resisting. They say he was defending himself.

..

His grandmother Nancy joined his legal team and activists to call for his release.

..

They also want access to his medical records and a Justice Department investigation.


..

..

The complete articles may be read at the URLs provided for each.

..

..




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
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Educator-Gold
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PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
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Blog
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Articles by David Dillard
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http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html







..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
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Temple University Listserv Alert :
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..

..

UNITED STATES: POLITICS: POLITICAL PARTIES: REPUBLICAN PARTY, TEA PARTY : INDUSTRIES: PETROLEUM : LIBERTARIANISM : CLIMATE CHANGE DENIAL: Water Wars: Republicans Only Ones Who Dont Link Drought And Climate Change

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


UNITED STATES: POLITICS: POLITICAL PARTIES: REPUBLICAN PARTY, TEA PARTY :

INDUSTRIES: PETROLEUM :

LIBERTARIANISM :

CLIMATE CHANGE DENIAL:

Water Wars: Republicans Only Ones Who
Dont Link Drought And Climate Change

..

..


Water Wars: Republicans Only Ones Who
Dont Link Drought And Climate Change

Posted: August 2, 2015

Inquisitir

http://www.inquisitr.com/2303158/water-wars-republicans- only-ones-who-dont-link-drought-and-climate-change/

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/pohcuwl

..

..


The historic California megadrought has now dragged on into its fourth year and a new study shows Republicans are the only ones who think it has nothing to do with climate change.

..

Two-thirds of Californians think global warming helped caused the drought, but 62 percent of Republicans disagree with that, according to a new study by the nonpartisan Public Policy Institute.

..

In fact, a third of Republicans, 31 percent, said the world would never see any effects from climate change.

..

The threat of global warming to the states future is a shared belief among inland and coastal residents and Californians across racial and ethnic groups. But there are persistent partisan divisions on climate change.

..

There is also an overwhelming agreement across racial groups that climate change caused Californias drought, but Republicans remain doubtful.

..

Again, two thirds of Democrats said they thought it was important for the state to pass regulations supported by Governor Jerry Brown to ease the effects of climate change and allow California to survive the drought. Only a minority of Republicans agreed.

..

..

The complete articles may be read at the URLs provided for each.

..

..




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
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HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html







..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE: Climate Change: No 'Plan B' for Oceans, Says Study

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE:

Climate Change: No 'Plan B' for Oceans, Says Study

..

..


Climate Change: No 'Plan B' for Oceans, Says Study

By AFP

4 August 2015, 01.18AM IST

The Economic Times of India

http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/international/world-news/
climate-change-no-plan-b-for-oceans-says-study/articleshow/48336824.cms

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/ogxex38

..

..


PARIS: Technology to drain heat-trapping CO2 from the atmosphere may slow global warming, but will not reverse climate damage to the ocean on any meaningful timescale, according to research published Monday.

..

At the same time, a second study reported, even the most aggressive timetable for reducing greenhouse-gas emissions will need a big boost from largely untested carbon removal schemes to cap warming to two degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial levels.

..

Above that threshold, say scientists, the risk of climate calamity rises sharply. Earth is currently on a 4 C (7.2 F) trajectory.

..

Both studies, coming months before 195 nations meet in Paris in a bid to forge a climate pact, conclude that deep, swift cuts in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are crucial.

..

Planetary-scale technical fixes -- sometimes called geo-engineering --
have often been invoked as a fallback solution in the fight against climate change.

..

snip

..

Research has shown that extracting massive quantities of CO2 from the atmosphere, through intensive reforestation programmes or carbon-scrubbing technology, would in theory help cool the planet.

..

But up to now, little was known about the long-term potential for these measures for restoring oceans rendered overly acidic after two centuries of absorbing CO2.

..

Increased acidification has already ravaged coral, and several kinds of micro-organisms essential to the ocean food chain, with impacts going all the way up to humans.

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
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RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
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HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
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K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html






..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

DISASTERS: FIRE : UNITED STATES: STATES: CALIFORNIA : ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE : DISASTERS: DROUGHT: Massive California Wildfire Jumps Containment Line

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


DISASTERS: FIRE :

UNITED STATES: STATES: CALIFORNIA :

ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE :

DISASTERS: DROUGHT:

Massive California Wildfire Jumps Containment Line

..

..


Massive California Wildfire Jumps Containment Line

MIDDLETOWN, Calif.

August 4, 2015, 5:13 AM ET

ABC News

By HAVEN DALEY and TERENCE CHEA Associated Press

http://abcnews.go.com/US/wireStory/ massive-california-wildfire-jumps-containment-line-32867985

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/otgt9wm

..

..


As firefighters battled a massive Northern California wild land blaze threatening numerous homes, some of the 13,000 people urged to flee their residences were spending what may be just one of many nights in evacuation shelters.

..

The blaze that has charred nearly 97 square miles of brush and timber, jumped a highway Monday that had served as a containment line. Its rapid growth caught firefighters off guard and shocked residents.

..

Vicki Estrella, who has lived in the area for 22 years, stayed at a Red Cross shelter at Middletown High School along with her husband and their dog.

..

"It's amazing the way that thing spread," Estrella said. "There was smoke 300 feet in the air."

..

Cooler weather had helped crews build a buffer between the wildfire and some of the thousands of homes it threatened as it tore through drought-withered brush in Lake County that hadn't burned in years.

..

But Monday afternoon erratic wind blew hot embers north of Highway 20 ignited several fires across the highway north of the city of Clear Lake.

..

"There were too many (spot fires) for us to pick up," Battalion Chief Carl Schwettmann of the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection told the San Francisco Chronicle. "With these drought-stricken fuels, it's just moving at an extremely high rate of speed."

..

At least two dozen homes have been destroyed over the past few days and more than 13,000 people forced from their homes or warned to leave.

..

The fire the largest blaze in drought-stricken California roughly tripled in size over the weekend, generating its own winds that fanned the flames and reduced thousands of acres of manzanita shrubs and other brush to barren land in hours.

..

"There's a lot of old growth-type vegetation and four years of drought to dry it all out," said Lynne Tolmachoff, a spokeswoman for the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection. "It was ready to go."

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..



Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
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AND
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RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
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EMPLOYMENT
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DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html




..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

DISASTERS: FIRE : UNITED STATES: STATES: CALIFORNIA : ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE : DISASTERS: DROUGHT: California Wildfires Torch 134,000 Acres -- and Counting

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


DISASTERS: FIRE :

UNITED STATES: STATES: CALIFORNIA :

ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE :

DISASTERS: DROUGHT:

California Wildfires Torch 134,000 Acres -- and Counting

..

..


California Wildfires Torch 134,000 Acres -- and Counting

..

(CNN)Firefighters worked Monday in steep terrain and other rugged conditions to fight California's Rocky Fire, one of nearly two dozen wildfires that have torched more than 134,000 acres of the parched state this year, according to state fire officials.

..

That's nearly three times the state's 5-year wildfire average of 48,153 acres for this time of year, according to statistics posted by the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, or Cal Fire.

..

At 60,000 acres, the Rocky Fire is the largest ongoing blaze. It's led to evacuation orders for more than 13,000 people as it feeds on drought-parched vegetation that hasn't seen fire in many years, according to Cal Fire.

..

The fire, which is in Lake, Yolo and Colusa counties northwest of Sacramento, was 12% contained, the agency said.

..

"This has been a very fast-moving wildfire, with the dry conditions and the weather not really cooperating with us over the past week," Cal Fire spokesman Daniel Berlant told CNN affiliate KCRA.

..

More than 2,900 firefighters, 285 engines, four air tankers and 19 helicopters are involved in that fight, Cal Fire says.

..

Compared with the state's top 20 deadliest fires, which have burned 100,000 acres or more of land, "this fire does not compare," spokesman Berlant told CNN.

..

But the fire is unique because of the rate it has burned. It chewed through 20,000 acres in about five hours, he said.

..

Across the state, nearly 10,000 firefighters are working on 21 fires, officials say.

..

Fires big and small

..

Cal Fire says most of the fires are more than 60% contained. But damage has been substantial in some cases. Fires in Southern California's San Bernardino County and Northern California's Alpine County have affected nearly 50,000 acres.

..

Other fires include the Frog Fire, which has burned about 4,200 acres since Thursday. Lower temperatures, higher humidity and clouds helped firefighters push containment to 20%, according to the national fire tracking website InciWeb. The Lake Fire in San Bernardino County burned more than 31,000 acres before it was contained.

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..





Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
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AND
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RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
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HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
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https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html




..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
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Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

DISASTERS: FIRE : UNITED STATES: STATES: CALIFORNIA : ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE : DISASTERS: DROUGHT: Raging California Wildfires Drive 13,000 From Their Homes

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


DISASTERS: FIRE :

UNITED STATES: STATES: CALIFORNIA :

ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE :

DISASTERS: DROUGHT:

Raging California Wildfires Drive 13,000 From Their Homes

..

..


Raging California Wildfires Drive 13,000 From Their Homes

Nearly 3,000 firefighters are battling the Rocky Fire that has burned over 60,000 acres.

Associated Press (AP)

By TERENCE CHEA and HAVEN DALEY

Posted: 08/04/2015 02:32 AM EDT

Huffington Post

Huffington Green

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/ california-wildfires_55c0587be4b0b23e3ce3e3c0

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/pzckarh

..

..


LOWER LAKE, Calif. (AP) Firefighters were working aggressively to regain control after a raging Northern California fire jumped a highway that had served as a containment line for the massive blaze one of 20 wildfires burning in California.

..

Cooler weather had helped crews build a buffer Monday between the wildfire and some of the thousands of homes it threatened as it tore through drought-withered brush in Lake County that hadn't burned in years.

..

But Monday afternoon erratic wind blew hot embers north of Highway 20 ignited several fires across the highway north of the city of Clearlake.

..

"There were too many (spot fires) for us to pick up," Battalion Chief Carl Schwettmann of the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection told the San Francisco Chronicle, after the stand on Highway 20. "With these drought-stricken fuels, it's just moving at an extremely high rate of speed."

..

At least two dozen homes were destroyed over the past few days, and more than 13,000 people were urged to flee.

..

The fire the largest blaze in drought-stricken California roughly tripled in size over the weekend to almost 97 square miles, generating its own winds that fanned the flames and reduced thousands of acres of manzanita shrubs and other brush to barren land in hours.

..

"There's a lot of old growth-type vegetation and four years of drought to dry it all out," said Lynne Tolmachoff, a spokeswoman for the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection. "It was ready to go."

..

The fire was burning in the Lower Lake area, about 100 miles north of San Francisco and 10 miles from Clear Lake, the largest freshwater lake entirely within California and a popular spot for boaters and campers. Fire officials said no homes around the lake were threatened.

..

snip

..

Numerous other wildfires in California, Washington state and Oregon took off as the effects of drought and summer heat turned the West Coast combustible. California blazes killed a firefighter last week and injured four others.

..

Crews in the Lower Lake area conducted controlled burns, setting fire to shrubs to rob the blaze of fuel and protect some of 5,500 homes threatened. The fire was burning in a rural area of grasslands and steep hills.

..

..


Photos: Stunning images of Californias 21 wildfires show natures terrible beauty in action

Quartz

http://qz.com/470380/photos-stunning-images-of-californias-
21-wildfires-show-natures-terrible-beauty-in-action/

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/od5hvlz

..

..


California Wildfires FROM Google Videos

https://www.google.com/search?tbm=vid&hl=en&source=hp&biw=&bih=
&q=california+AND+%28wildfire+OR+wildfires+OR+%22wild+fire%22+
OR+%22wild+fires%22+OR+%22forest+fire%22+OR+%22forest+fires%22%
29&oq=california+AND+%28wildfire+OR+wildfires+OR+%22wild+fire%22+
OR+%22wild+fires%22+OR+%22forest+fire%22+OR+%22forest+fires%
22%29&gs_l=video-hp.12...3793.83556.0.85507.118.19.0.99.2.0.
615.2604.8j3j1j1j0j2.15.0....0...1ac.1.34.video-hp..102.16.
2501.s7syLZDoj08


OR


http://tinyurl.com/pn7akwc

..

..


California Wildfires FROM Google Images

http://tinyurl.com/qhdz65c

..

..


California Wildfires FROM Temple Summon Search

http://tinyurl.com/n9mcus5

263,695 results

Source Type

Audio Recording 569
Book / eBook 70,843
Book Chapter 1,078
Book Review 1,280
Conference Proceeding 751
Data Set 10
Dissertation 4,260
Electronic Resource 13
Government Document 11,313
Image 1
Journal / eJournal 2
Journal Article 17,653
Magazine Article 7,519
Map 79
Market Research 48
Newsletter 1,359
Newspaper Article 141,963
Pamphlet 1
Paper 35
Patent 13
Poem 5
Publication 2
Reference 428
Report 393
Research Guide 1
Streaming Video 4
Technical Report 19
Trade Publication Article 3,360
Transcript 2,758
Video Recording 99
Web Resource 278

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..

WEBBIB1516

http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy

..

..




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html





..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE : POLICE BRUTALITY : LAW: CASES : UNITED STATES: CITIES: CHARLETTE, NORTH CAROLINA: Prosecutor: White Charlotte Police Officer Panicked before Shooting Black Man after Crash

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE :

POLICE BRUTALITY :

LAW: CASES :

UNITED STATES: CITIES: CHARLETTE, NORTH CAROLINA:

Prosecutor: White Charlotte Police Officer Panicked before Shooting Black Man after Crash

..

..


Prosecutor: White Charlotte Police Officer Panicked before
Shooting Black Man after Crash

By JEFFREY COLLINS

Associated Press

August 4, 2015 4:20am

Star Tribune

http://www.startribune.com/prosecutor-white-officer- panicked-before-shooting-black-man/320580292/

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/odvsfc6

..

..


CHARLOTTE, N.C. Both sides in the voluntary manslaughter trial of a white Charlotte police officer in the on duty shooting of a black man agree bad choices led up to the man's death as he looked for help after a car crash.

..

snip

..

Prosecutor Arden Harris said the bad choices were all made by Kerrick, who had his gun drawn and started shooting before taking any time to figure out what was going on.

..

Kerrick, 28, faces up to 11 years in prison if convicted. He was charged just hours after the September 2013 shooting, before black men died during arrests or while in custody in Ferguson, Missouri; North Charleston, South Carolina; and Baltimore, among other places, sparking a national debate on police tactics.

..

Testimony was expected to continue Tuesday. Jurors did see a photo of Ferrell face down in handcuffs in a pool of blood, but have not heard from the other officers on the scene and haven't seen the video from dashboard cameras that lawyers for both sides said will support their version of events. That video has never been shown publicly.

..

snip

..

Ferrell charged the officers. At his autopsy, Ferrell's DNA was found on Kerrick's uniform from his neck to his feet and on the slide and trigger of the officer's gun. Kerrick's DNA was under Ferrell's fingernails, Greene said.

..

But prosecutors said Ferrell, not thinking straight after the wreck, only started running because he feared for his life when one of the other officers said nothing before training the laser targets from his stun gun at his chest.

..

Ferrell fell on Kerrick after he was shot four times, not because he was attacking the officer. The eight additional shots came as Ferrell writhed and tried to crawl to escape, not as he reached for the gun, said Harris, a special deputy attorney general for the state who took over after the local district attorney said his office had a conflict trying Kerrick.

..

The other two officers at the scene did not shoot and were not charged.

..

"Who polices the police when they do wrong?" Harris asked jurors, picked in a two-week process. "You do."

..

Kerrick joined the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department in 2011 after working as an animal control officer.

..

A grand jury initially refused to indict Kerrick on the voluntary manslaughter charge in January 2014, but prosecutors sent the case back a week later because the panel was missing four members. Kerrick was then indicted.

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..



Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html





..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
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Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

COMPUTER VIRUSES AND WORMS : COMPUTER: OPERATING SYSTEMS: APPLE: Researchers Create First Firmware Worm That Attacks Macs

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


COMPUTER VIRUSES AND WORMS :

COMPUTER: OPERATING SYSTEMS:APPLE:

Researchers Create First Firmware Worm That Attacks Macs

..

..


Researchers Create First Firmware Worm That Attacks Macs

Josh Valcarcel

Kim Zetter

Security Date of Publication:

08.03.15.
Time of Publication: 7:00 am.

WIRED

http://www.wired.com/2015/08/researchers-create- first-firmware-worm-attacks-macs/

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/nmkesyl

..

..


The common wisdom when it comes to PCs and Apple computers is that the latter are much more secure. Particularly when it comes to firmware, people have assumed that Apple systems are locked down in ways that PCs arent.

..

It turns out this isnt true. Two researchers have found that several known vulnerabilities affecting the firmware of all the top PC makers can also hit the firmware of MACs. Whats more, the researchers have designed a proof-of-concept worm for the first time that would allow a firmware attack to spread automatically from MacBook to MacBook, without the need for them to be networked.

..

The attack raises the stakes considerably for system defenders since it would allow someone to remotely target machinesincluding air-gapped onesin a way that wouldnt be detected by security scanners and would give an attacker a persistent foothold on a system even through firmware and operating system updates. Firmware updates require the assistance of a machines existing firmware to install, so any malware in the firmware could block new updates from being installed or simply write itself to a new update as its installed.

..

The only way to eliminate malware embedded in a computers main firmware would be to re-flash the chip that contains the firmware.

..

[The attack is] really hard to detect, its really hard to get rid of, and its really hard to protect against something thats running inside the firmware, says Xeno Kovah, one of the researchers who designed the worm.

..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..



Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html




..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

TOURISM AND TRAVEL: In Search of Authenticity: What's the Difference Between a Traveller (sic) and a Tourist?

David P. Dillard
 

..

..


TOURISM AND TRAVEL:

In Search of Authenticity:
What's the Difference Between a Traveller (sic) and a Tourist?

..

..


In Search of Authenticity:
What's the Difference Between a Traveller (sic) and a Tourist?

In an age of unprecedented foreign travel, tourists get quite a bad rap, not least from tourists themselves.

BY OLIVER FARRY

PUBLISHED 4 AUGUST, 2015 - 11:21

New Statesman

http://www.newstatesman.com/culture/2015/08/search-authenticity- whats-difference-between-traveller-and-tourist

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://snipurl.com/2a4mr8b

..

..


Though the vast majority of tourists are reasonably well-behaved there are some who clearly are not; some cities, such as Berlin and Barcelona, have tired of tourism and started taking measures to mitigate its impact. Even the better behaved tourists, by dint of the numbers they travel in, can have deleterious effects, on both the environment (as in the case of Macchu Picchu) or on housing for locals (the city of Paris is quite reasonably fearful that the Airbnb boom is pricing ordinary Parisians out of the rental property market).

..

Even the atmosphere at football matches is said to suffer, as more and more fans from distant shores attend big games. They might have plenty of enthusiasm but they usually lack the intimacy with the clubs fanbase, including its chants and traditions, and are more passive spectators. But few countries can afford to turn their noses up at tourists, least of all those hit particularly hard by recession in recent years, such as Ireland, Greece, Spain and Portugal.

..

Lisbon has witnessed an explosion of tourism in the past five or six years and parts of the city centre are as clogged with tourists as Venice or Barcelona; some spaces are almost entirely the domain of transient foreigners and though Lisboetes remain friendly and welcoming to tourists, grumbling has begun at municipal level at the invasiveness of the phenomenon in residential areas and the City Hall is expected to intervene to keep tourism sustainable.

..

Further north in Porto, one of the citys most celebrated bookshops has had to change its entry policies to deal with the waves of tourists. Livrar Lellos regular appearance on listicles of the most beautiful bookshops in the world has drawn huge numbers of visitors but most are more interested in Instagramming the gothic wooden interior than in the books (most of which are in Portuguese). These pictorial homages dont put bread on the table so the bookshop last week started charging non-paying customers a small fee to enter.


..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..


Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html



..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

..

..

[webdev] Web Design Update: August 5, 2015

David P. Dillard
 

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Date: Wed, 5 Aug 2015 06:35:02 -0500
From: Laura Carlson <lcarlson@d.umn.edu>
To: webdev <webdev@....umn.edu>
Subject: [webdev] Web Design Update: August 5, 2015



+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE.


- Volume 14, Issue 06, August 5, 2015.



An email newsletter to distribute news and information about web
design and development.




++ISSUE 06 CONTENTS.




SECTION ONE: New references.


What's new at the Web Design Reference site?



http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/



New links in these categories:




01: ACCESSIBILITY.

02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.

03: COLOR.

04: EVALUATION & TESTING.

05: MISCELLANEOUS.

06: PHP.

07: USABILITY.



SECTION TWO:



08: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?




[Contents ends.]




++ SECTION ONE: New references.




+01: ACCESSIBILITY.




Wearable First Rethinking Accessible Design

By Ted Drake.

"Wearable devices go beyond the watch and eye glasses. This
presentation introduces the wide variety of devices and how they can
make the world more accessible. This article by Smithsonian explains
how the pocket watch was wearable-first design..."

http://wearability.org/wearable-first-design.html



Will Your Toaster Become WCAG Compliant?

By Scott Hollier.

"...While the applicability of WCAG 2.0 would need a high degree of
interpretation to apply to a light bulb, web accessibility standards
certainly apply to the browsers and apps that we use to centrally
control it all. As this space continues to evolve, it's vital that
developers ensure that whatever devices control these products,
accessibility is at the heart of them..."

http://www.accessiq.org/news/w3c-column/2015/07/will-your-toaster-become-wcag-compliant



Describing Images for Improved Web Accessibility

By Michelle Williamson.

"One of the most basic techniques of web accessibility is adding
alternative texts to images..."
http://www.mediacurrent.com/blog/describing-images-improved-web-accessibility

CommonLook PDF GlobalAccess

By Jared Smith.

"CommonLook PDF GlobalAccess can streamline the accessibility
evaluation and repair of PDF files. It provides benefits over using
Adobe Acrobat Professional or other tools to create, evaluate, and, if
necessary, repair tagged PDFs. This article highlights some strengths
and possible shortcomings of PDF GlobalAccess. For a tutorial on how
to use this program, see the user guide on the CommonLook site..."

http://webaim.org/resources/commonlook/



Making Accessibility a Priority

By David M Johnson.

"... my goal is to provide a non-technical guide to making
accessibility a part of your developer DNA, whatever your app or
website happens to be..."

http://www.imore.com/making-accessibility-part-your-developer-dna



Designing a Manifesto for Accessibility

By Jason Vermes.

"It might be easy to assume that design and accessibility are two very
different concepts. After all, a ramp and automatic door opener are
not particularly remarkable architectural features and for the average
Canadian, they often go unnoticed. For someone who uses a scooter or
power wheelchair, however, a motorized sliding door and small incline
give independence..."

http://jasonvermes.net/2015/07/28/designing-a-manifesto-for-accessibility/




+02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.




CSS Vendor Prefixes

By Daniel Glazman.

"...let me give you my own perspective (and history) about them. This
article is with my CSS Co-chairman's hat off, I'm only an old CSS WG
member in the following lines..."

http://www.glazman.org/weblog/dotclear/index.php?post/2015/07/30/CSS-Vendor-Prefixes




+03: COLOR.



Using Color Theory to Improve Website Accessibility

By Julia Blake.

"There are tons of articles and guides about color theory and its
importance for every web designer. Colors are really essential in
design and may even influence people's behavior in many cases. Thus,
web designers usually check their website colors are suitable for the
overall website style and that they create a good impression for
users..."

http://www.onextrapixel.com/2015/07/25/using-color-theory-to-improve-website-accessibility/




+04: EVALUATION & TESTING.




How Iterative Testing Decreased Support Calls By 70% on Mozilla's

Support Website

By Susan Farrell.
"User research with data mining and paper prototyping quickly led to
measurable success for one of the busiest support websites in the
world."

http://www.nngroup.com/articles/testing-decreased-support/



Bridging the Distance - 5 Tips for Remote, Moderated Usability Tests

By Hannah Alvarez.

"We hope that you find the list of tips below from our experience will
help you to take advantage of this fast and flexible user research
method..."

http://www.usertesting.com/blog/2015/07/30/remote-moderated-usability-tests/



Rocket Surgery Made Easy Usability Testing Demo

By Steve Krug.

"...The main purpose for creating this video is to demonstrate how
easy and simple usability testing can be. The test conducted on this
demo is an abbreviated version of the one Krug recommends you perform
on your own site..."

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QckIzHC99Xc




+05: MISCELLANEOUS.




Meiert's Law of User-Generated Code

By Jens Meiert.

"Whenever you allow your users to edit the code of your website,
you’re doomed. It’s only a matter of time until you need to rewrite
the whole service—and alienate all those users..."

http://meiert.com/en/blog/20150804/meierts-law-of-user-code/




+06: PHP.




The State of Accessibility in PHP Tools

By Parham Doustdar.

"Usually when I tell people that I'm blind, many people ask me how I
can use the computer..."

http://www.sitepoint.com/the-state-of-accessibility-in-php-tools/




+07: USABILITY.




The Paradox of Choice (TED Talk Video)

By Barry Schwartz.

"...Paralysis is a consequence of having too many choices...Even if we
manage to overcome the paralysis and make a choice we end up less
satisfied with the result of the choice than if we would be if we had
fewer options to choose from...Why choice makes people miserable? 1)
Regret and anticipated regret 2.) Opportunity costs 3.) Escalation of
expectations 4.) Self-blame..."



http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VO6XEQIsCoM




The Perception of Control

By Marli Mesibov.

"As we create positive experiences, we sometimes create the perception
of control, even when the user doesn't actually control the situation.
This week, author Marli Mesibov discusses the ethics involved in
designing for perception rather than reality."

http://www.uxbooth.com/articles/the-perception-of-control/





[Section one ends.]





++ SECTION TWO:





+07: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?




Accessibility Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/accessibility.html



Association Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/associations.html



Book Listings.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/books.html



Cascading Style Sheets Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/css.html



Color Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/color.html



Drupal Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/drupal.html



Evaluation & Testing Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/testing.html



Event Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/events.html



HTML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/html.html



Information Architecture Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/architecture.html



JavaScript Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/javascript.html



Miscellaneous Web Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/misc.html



Navigation Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/navigation.html



PHP Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/php.html



Sites & Blogs Listing.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/sites.html



Standards, Guidelines & Pattern Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/standards.html



Tool Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/tools.html



Typography Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/type.html



Usability Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/usability.html



XML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/xml.html



[Section two ends.]




++END NOTES.




+ SUBSCRIPTION INFO.




WEB DESIGN UPDATE is available by subscription. For information on how
to subscribe and unsubscribe please visit:


http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/webdev_listserv.html



The Web Design Reference Site also has a RSS 2.0 feed for site updates.




+ TEXT EMAIL NEWSLETTER (TEN).




As a navigation aid for screen readers we do our best to conform to
the accessible Text Email Newsletter (TEN) guidelines. Please let me
know if there is anything else we can do to make navigation easier.
For TEN guideline information please visit:



http://www.headstar.com/ten




+ SIGN OFF.




Until next time,




Laura L. Carlson

Information Technology Systems and Services

University of Minnesota Duluth

Duluth, MN U.S.A. 55812-3009

mailto:lcarlson@d.umn.edu





[Issue ends.]




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MEDICAL: DISEASES: LEGIONNAIRES DISEASE : HOSPITALS : UNITED STATES: CITIES: NEW YORK, NEW YORK: Bronx Mans Death From Legionnaires Disease Gives Family Cause to Worry

David P. Dillard
 

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MEDICAL: DISEASES: LEGIONNAIRES DISEASE :

HOSPITALS :

UNITED STATES: CITIES: NEW YORK, NEW YORK:

Bronx Mans Death From Legionnaires Disease Gives Family Cause to Worry

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Bronx Mans Death From Legionnaires Disease Gives Family Cause to Worry

By WINNIE HU and NOAH REMNICK

August 5, 2015

New York Times

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/06/nyregion/bronx-mans-death-
from-legionnaires-disease-gives-family-cause-to-worry.html

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A shorter URL for the above link:

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http://tinyurl.com/qgylaqd

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As Mayor Bill de Blasio and city leaders announced a plan this week to combat the disease by tightening regulation of cooling towers, the pace and breadth of the outbreak was still sinking in for many New Yorkers, especially in the Bronx. The disease is believed to be contracted by inhaling contaminated mists from water sources harboring the bacteria, such as air-conditioning systems, indoor plumbing, fountains and whirlpools.

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City health officials have said they are confident they have identified and addressed the source of the outbreak, but they have not determined which of the cooling towers might be responsible.

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On Wednesday, the owner and operator of the Brook, an apartment building near the Opera House Hotel, said that three of the buildings residents had contracted the disease. The building, on East 148th Street, houses low-income and formerly homeless people.

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City health officials have declined to release the names of the eight people who have died, and would not confirm that Mr. Quiles was among them.

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snip

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Ms. Ramirez said that Mr. Quiles complained of feeling faint on Monday, July 20, and was taken by ambulance first to Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center, which was crowded, and then to St. Barnabas Hospital. She said he stayed there overnight, and returned home Tuesday. On Wednesday, he got to her mothers house by bus, but had to be driven home because he was not feeling well.

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On Thursday, he did not come at all. That was how we found out something was wrong, Ms. Ramirez said.

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Ms. Ramirez, her mother and her brother went to Mr. Quiless apartment building. They had to ask someone to let them in because Mr. Quiles was too weak to walk to the door to open it. He was taken to Montefiore Medical Center.

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After he had been at Montefiore for more than a week, Ms. Ramirez said that her family was told he had Legionnaires disease and that he would not recover.

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He died the next day, Aug. 2.

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The complete article may be read at the URL above.

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Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
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Research Guides
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AND
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PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
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Blog
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Articles by David Dillard
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Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
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INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
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SPORT-MED
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http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
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HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html






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Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
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