Date   
DISABILITIES : SOCIAL WORK : BOOKS : Disabilities and Social Work Websites: Books with Links to Search Results of A Search of the Book Title in Google Books: A Bibliography of Books About Social Work and Disabilities

David P. Dillard
 





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DISABILITIES :  

SOCIAL WORK :  

BOOKS :  

Disabilities and Social Work Websites:
Books with Links to  Search Results of A Search of the Book Title in Google Books: 
A Bibliography of Books About Social Work and Disabilities


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Introduction to Social Work and Social Welfare:

Empowering People

Author     Charles Zastrow

Edition     10

Publisher Cengage Learning, 2009

ISBN        0495809527, 9780495809524

Length     640 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/zz2m84v

 

 

 

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Social Work with Disabled People

Practical Social Work Series

Authors    Michael Oliver, Bob Sapey, Pam Thomas

Edition     4, revised

Publisher Palgrave Macmillan, 2012

ISBN        1137266937, 9781137266934

Length     208 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/jqtepuo

 

 

 

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Social Work and Disability

Social Work in Theory and Practice

Authors    Peter Simcock, Rhoda Castle

Publisher John Wiley & Sons, 2016

ISBN        1509508309, 9781509508303

Length     272 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/hrxzjqs

 

 

 

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Disability and Social Work Education:

Practice and Policy Issues

Editors     Francis K.O. Yuen, Carol B. Cohen, Kristine Tower

Publisher Routledge, 2013

ISBN        1136425551, 9781136425554

Length     286 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/zhk2wdy

 

http://tinyurl.com/zttup5v

 

http://tinyurl.com/z44ypvk

 

 

 

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Disability and Social Work Education: Practice and Policy Issues

Editors     Francis K.O. Yuen, Carol B. Cohen, Kristine Tower

Publisher Routledge, 2013

ISBN        1136425551, 9781136425554

Length     286 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/jmaqz9v

 

 

 

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Asian Tsunami and Social Work Practice: Recovery and Rebuilding

Editors     Ngoh Tiang Tan, Allison Rowlands, Frances K. O. Yuen

Publisher Routledge, 2013

ISBN        1136447113, 9781136447112

Length     174 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/hv4gozp

 

 

 

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Disability Issues for Social Workers and Human Services Professionals

in the Twenty-First Century

Authors    Jean A Pardeck, John W Murphy

Publisher Routledge, 2012

ISBN        1136431993, 9781136431999

Length     200 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/zo3ap4j

 

 

 

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Social Work in Ireland: Historical Perspectives

Authors    Noreen Kearney, Caroline Skehill

Editors     Noreen Kearney, Caroline Skehill

Publisher Institute of Public Administration, 2005

ISBN        1904541232, 9781904541233

Length     236 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/jolpdwy

 

 

 

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Introducing Social Work

Polity Short Introductions Series

Short Introductions

Author     Lena Dominelli

Publisher Polity, 2009

ISBN        0745640877, 9780745640877

Length     184 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/hy686u3

 

http://tinyurl.com/jph9drp

 

http://tinyurl.com/jc4ozqx

 

 

 

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Social Work After the Americans with Disabilities Act:

New Challenges and Opportunities for Social Service Professionals

Author     John T. Pardeck

Publisher ABC-CLIO, 1998

ISBN        0865692777, 9780865692770

Length     134 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/zf6t8ed

 

http://tinyurl.com/zwlurzl

 

 

 

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Introduction to Social Work and Social Welfare:

Critical Thinking Perspectives

Author     Karen K. Kirst-Ashman

Edition     3

Publisher Cengage Learning, 2009

ISBN        0495601683, 9780495601685

Length     512 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/gtvq8oy

 

http://tinyurl.com/hy22ham

 

 

 

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The Road to Social Work and Human Service Practice: An Introductory Text

Authors    Lesley Chenoweth, Donna McAuliffe

Publisher Cengage Learning Australia, 2005

ISBN        0170114872, 9780170114875

Length     222 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/z9wk2bb

 

 

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Social Work Practice in Health Care Settings

Authors    Michael J. Holosko, Patricia A. Taylor

Editors     Michael J. Holosko, Patricia A. Taylor

Edition     reprint

Publisher Canadian Scholars’ Press, 1992

ISBN        0921627998, 9780921627999

Length     666 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/jfdw59a

 

 

 

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Active Social Work with Children with Disabilities

Critical Skills for Social Work

Authors    Julie Adams, Diana Leshone

Publisher Critical Publishing, 2016

ISBN        1910391964, 9781910391969

Length     264 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/gvx5zmb

 

 

 

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Critical social work with children and families:

Theory, Context and Practice

Author     Steve Rogowski

Publisher Policy Press, 2013

ISBN        1447305027, 9781447305026

Length     195 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/j934l4b

 

 

 

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Social Work: Voices from the Inside

Authors    Viviene E. Cree, Ann Davis

Publisher Routledge, 2007

ISBN        1134249527, 9781134249527

Length     176 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/jnfvahk

 

 

 

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Handbook of Health Social Work

Authors    Sarah Gehlert, Teri Browne

Publisher John Wiley & Sons, 2006

ISBN        0471758884, 9780471758884

Length     650 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/htbk6os

 

 

 

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Issues in International Sociology and Social Work Research and Application:

2011 Edition: ScholarlyBrief

Contributor      Q. Ashton Acton, PhD

Publisher ScholarlyEditions, 2012

ISBN        1464968365, 9781464968365

Length     79 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/j5cf5zt

 

 

 

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Sociology for Social Workers

Authors    Anne Llewellyn, Lorraine Agu, David Mercer

Edition     illustrated, annotated

Publisher Polity, 2008

ISBN        0745636985, 9780745636986

Length     337 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/hdtaoqg

 

 

 

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Social Work and Human Services Best Practice

Editors     Wing Hong Chui, Jill Wilson

Edition     illustrated

Publisher Federation Press, 2006

ISBN        1862875995, 9781862875999

Length     241 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/gtcvdbn

 

 

 

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Post-Qualifying Social Work Practice

Editor       Patricia Higham

Publisher SAGE, 2008

ISBN        144620622X, 9781446206225

Length     264 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/jy9vegd

 

 

 

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Family Health Social Work Practice: A Macro Level Approach

ABC-Clio ebook

Editor       John T. Pardeck

Publisher Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002

ISBN        0865692963, 9780865692961

Length     134 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/joscbfq

 

 

 

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Social Welfare Alive!

Author     Stephen Moore

Edition     illustrated

Publisher Nelson Thornes, 2002

ISBN        0748765611, 9780748765614

Length     463 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/zz9e65y

 

 

 

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Social Work Practice with Children and Families:
A Family Health Approach

Author     Francis K. O. Yuen

Edition     reprint

Publisher Routledge, 2014

ISBN        1136759646, 9781136759642

Length     302 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/jsestuj

 

 

 

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Social Work and Social Development:

Theories and Skills for Developmental Social Work

Editors     James Midgley, Amy Conley

Publisher Oxford University Press, 2010

ISBN        0199750505, 9780199750504

Length     240 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/zr2mjwf

 

 

 

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Comprehensive Handbook of Social Work and Social Welfare,

The Profession of Social Work

Volume 1 of Comprehensive Handbook of Social Work

and Social Welfare

Author     Barbara W. White

Publisher John Wiley & Sons, 2008

ISBN        0470246766, 9780470246764

Length     500 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/z5rhace

 

 

 

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The Blackwell Companion to Social Work

Editor       Martin Davies

Edition     4

Publisher John Wiley & Sons, 2013

ISBN        1118451775, 9781118451779

Length     544 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/jaacunv

 

 

 

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Human Rights and Social Work: Towards Rights-Based Practice

Author     Jim Ife

Publisher Cambridge University Press, 2001

ISBN        0521797012, 9780521797016

Length     230 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/h7qvuow

 

 

 

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Advances in Social Work: Special Issue on the Futures of Social Work

Volume 6, Issue 1 of Advances in social work

Author     Indiana University School of Social Work

Editor       James G. Daley

Publisher Trafford Publishing, 2006

ISBN        1412068444, 9781412068444

Length     230 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/zrznf5t

 

 

 

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Medical Aspects of Disability:
A Handbook for the Rehabilitation Professional

Springer series on rehabilitation

Authors   

Myron G. Eisenberg, Robert L. Glueckauf, Herbert H. Zaretsky

Editors     Myron G. Eisenberg, Robert L. Glueckauf, Herbert H. Zaretsky

Edition     revised

Publisher Springer Publishing Company, 1999

ISBN        0826179711, 9780826179715

Length     718 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/hvxeusf

 

 

 

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WEBBIB1617



 

http://tinyurl.com/gtdzaq3



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Sincerely,

David Dillard

Temple University

(215) 204 - 4584

jwne@...

http://workface.com/e/daviddillard


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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),

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Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay

David P. Dillard

http://tinyurl.com/p63whl


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PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS : MEDICAL CONDITIONS: OBESITY : CHILDREN : TODDLERS : EXERCISE BIKES: Fisher-Price Will Battle Childhood Obesity With an Exercise Bike Tablet Holder

David P. Dillard
 

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PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS :

MEDICAL CONDITIONS: OBESITY :

CHILDREN :

TODDLERS :

EXERCISE BIKES:

Fisher-Price Will Battle Childhood Obesity
with an Exercise Bike Tablet Holder

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Fisher-Price Will Battle Childhood Obesity
with an Exercise Bike Tablet Holder

Andrew Liszewski

Gizmodo

http://gizmodo.com/ fisher-price-will-battle-childhood-obesity-with-an-exer-1790339357

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A shorter URL for the above link:

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http://tinyurl.com/hxpv5n2

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Your tablet-obsessed kid spending hours on the couch poking at a touchscreen probably isnt doing their waistline any favors. But instead of wrestling an iPad out of their hands, Fisher-Price wants to help battle childhood obesity with a tablet holder thats essentially an exercise bike for kids.

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The Think & Learn Smart Cycle isnt being marketed to kids as a way to help counteract their sedentary lifestyles. After all, what kid likes the idea of being forced to get up to get some exercise? As any parent knows, you have to outsmart a kid to get them to do what you want, and often that involves video games these days.

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By designing the Smart Cycle to be what is essentially a ride-on video game controller, kids can keep playing with their tablets while theyre improving their physical fitness. And if they happen to burn off a little excess energy in the process so bedtime is less of an ordeal, what parent is going to complain?


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The complete article may be read at the URL above.

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Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
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Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
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Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
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Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
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The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
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PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS : MEDICAL CONDITIONS: OBESITY: Diet Matters More than Exercise in Battle over Obesity

David P. Dillard
 

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PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS :

MEDICAL CONDITIONS: OBESITY:

Diet Matters More than Exercise in Battle over Obesity

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Diet Matters More than Exercise in Battle over Obesity

Gibbons, Katie

The Times [London (UK)]

14 December 2016: 19.

http://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/ eating-not-exercise-is-key-in-the-obesity-fight-says-nhs-boss-w3hdhckd6


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A shorter URL for the above link:

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http://tinyurl.com/j9d4v7k

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Government guidelines on obesity should focus on diet as well as exercise, according to the head of the NHS.

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Simon Stevens, chief executive of NHS England, was agreeing with comments made by a Conservative peer while giving evidence at a Lords committee hearing on the sustainability of the health service.

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"We have a big, big problem with diet and the trouble is that the advice of the Department of Health and Nice [The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence] ... they are still talking about diet and exercise," Lord McColl of Dulwich, emeritus professor of surgery at Guy's Hospital in London, said. "Exercise has very little to do with it. It is good for other things but not for reducing obesity."

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Admitting that his "reading of the evidence is the same", Mr Stevens added: "It needs to be both. We're not going to deal with the pressures of obesity simply by arguing for greater exercise. We have got to change dietary intake."

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Nice encourages adults to do at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity on five or more days a week, in one workout or several sessions lasting ten minutes or more.

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The guidelines state: "To prevent obesity, most people may need to do 45-60 minutes of moderate intensity activity a day, particularly if they do not reduce their energy intake.

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"People who have been obese and have lost weight may need to do 60-90 minutes of activity a day to avoid regaining weight."



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The complete article may be read at the URL above.

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Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

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PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

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https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html




.

.


Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
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DISABILITIES : SOCIAL WORK : JOURNAL ARTICLES: Disabilities and Social Work Journal Articles with Links to Search Results of a Search of the Book Title in Google Scholar A Bibliography of Journal Articles About Social Work and Disabilities

David P. Dillard
 




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DISABILITIES :

 

SOCIAL WORK :

 

JOURNAL ARTICLES:

 

Disabilities and Social Work Journal Articles with Links to

Search Results of a Search of the Book Title in Google Scholar

 

 

 

A Bibliography of Journal Articles

About Social Work and Disabilities

 

 

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.

 

SELECTED JOURNAL ARTICLES AND MORE

 

 

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WEBBIB1617

 

http://tinyurl.com/gtdzaq3



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Acker, Gila M.

"The Impact of Clients' Mental Illness
on Social Workers' Job Satisfaction and Burnout."

Health and Social Work 24, no. 2 (1999): 112-119.

 

http://tinyurl.com/zn8579y

 

 

 

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Hanmer, Jalna, and Daphne Statham.

Women and Social Work: Towards a Woman-Centered Practice.

Macmillan, 1999.

 

http://tinyurl.com/zanqexc

 

 

 

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Rapp, Charles A.

The Strengths Model: Case Management

with People Suffering from Severe and Persistent Mental Illness.

Oxford University Press, 1998.

 

http://tinyurl.com/jsebdzw

 

 

 

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Saleebey, Dennis.

"The Strengths Perspective in Social Work Practice: Extensions and Cautions."

Social work 41, no. 3 (1996): 296-305.

 

http://tinyurl.com/zlmr22b

 

 

 

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Oliver, Mike.

"Social Policy and Disability: Some Theoretical Issues."

Disability, Handicap and Society 1, no. 1 (1986): 5-17.

 

http://tinyurl.com/gtlx8fe

 

 

 

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Beresford, Peter, and Suzy Croft.

"Service users and practitioners reunited:

The key component for social work reform."

British Journal of Social Work 34, no. 1 (2004): 53-68.

 

http://tinyurl.com/zmy32pw

 

 

 

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Driedger, Diane.

“The last civil rights movement: Disabled Peoples' International”

Hurst and Company, 1989.

 

http://tinyurl.com/jycjzw2

 

 

 

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Finkelstein, Vic.

"The Commonality of Disability."

Disabling Barriers–Enabling Environments (1993): 9-16.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hkn3tqh

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Rapp, Charles A., and Ronna Chamberlain.

"Case Management Services for the Chronically Mentally Ill."

Social Work 30, No. 5 (1985): 417-422.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hcg3q5o

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Barnes, Colin, and Geof Mercer.

"Disability, Work, and Welfare Challenging the Social Exclusion of Disabled People."

Work, Employment & Society 19, no. 3 (2005): 527-545.

 

http://tinyurl.com/zsmvstb

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Ollver, Mlke.

"If I Had a Hammer: The Social Model in Action."

Disabling Barriers, Enabling Environments (2004): 7.

 

http://tinyurl.com/jmmb9os

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Lloyd, Margaret.

"Does She Boil Eggs? Towards a Feminist Model of Disability."

Disability, Handicap and Society 7, no. 3 (1992): 207-221.

 

http://tinyurl.com/z89aou4

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Banks, Sarah.

"Ethics and Values in Social Work."

(2001).

 

http://tinyurl.com/hw9xjk6

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Burchardt*, Tania.

"Capabilities and Disability:

The Capabilities Framework and the Social Model of Disability."

Disability and society 19, no. 7 (2004): 735-751.

 

http://tinyurl.com/joccf8d

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Banks, Sarah.

"Ethics and values in social work."

(2001).

 

http://tinyurl.com/jynog9b

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Mackelprang, Romel W., and Richard O. Salsgiver.

Disability: A Diversity Model Approach in Human Service Practice.

Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company, 1999.

 

http://tinyurl.com/j87g4mr

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Fuller*, Mary, Mick Healey, Andrew Bradley, And Tim Hall.

"Barriers to Learning: A Systematic Study of the Experience

of Disabled Students in One University."

Studies In Higher Education 29, no. 3 (2004): 303-318.

 

http://tinyurl.com/z3y2lm4

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Finn, Jerry.

"An Exploration of Helping Processes

in an Online Self-Help Group Focusing on Issues of Disability."

Health and Social Work 24, no. 3 (1999): 220-231.

 

http://tinyurl.com/znw9mt2

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Glendinning, Caroline.

Unshared care: Parents and their disabled children.

Routledge/Thoemms Press, 1983.

 

http://tinyurl.com/zroh7fr

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Hahn, Harlan.

“Introduction: Disability Policy And The Problem Of Discrimination"

The American Behavioral Scientist 28, no. 3 (1985): 293.

 

http://tinyurl.com/gszcfex

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

 

Fischer, Pamela J., Sam Shapiro, William R. Breakey,

James C. Anthony, and Morton Kramer.

"Mental Health and Social Characteristics of the Homeless:

A Survey of Mission Users."

American Journal of Public Health 76, no. 5 (1986): 519-524.

 

http://tinyurl.com/houtbxo

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Johnson, Peter J., and Allen Rubin.

"Case Management in Mental Health: A Social Work Domain?."

Social Work 28, no. 1 (1983): 49-55.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hkhgbg6

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Corrigan, Patrick W.

"How Clinical Diagnosis Might Exacerbate the Stigma of Mental Illness."

Social Work 52, no. 1 (2007): 31-39.

 

http://tinyurl.com/gvkm6au

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Beresford, Peter.

"Service Users' Knowledges and Social Work Theory: Conflict or Collaboration?."

The British Journal of Social Work (2000): 489-503.

 

http://tinyurl.com/j3yhnua

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Morales, Armando T., Bradford W. Sheafor, and Malcolm Scott.

Social Work: A Profession of Many Faces (Updated Edition).

Pearson Higher Ed, 2011.

 

http://tinyurl.com/h72oz7s

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Safilios-Rothschild, Constantina.

The Sociology and Social Psychology of Disability and Rehabilitation.

Random House, 1970.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hugvshs

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Segal, Steven P., Carol Silverman, and Tanya Temkin.

"Empowerment and Self-Help Agency Practice for People with Mental Disabilities."

Social Work 38, no. 6 (1993): 705-712.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hgdls35

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Barnes, Colin.

"A Working Social Model?

Disability, Work and Disability Politics in the 21st Century."

Critical social policy 20, no. 4 (2000): 441-457.

 

http://tinyurl.com/gtg8ty4

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Lyons, Renee F., Michael JL Sullivan, Paul G. Ritvo, and James C. Coyne.

Relationships in Chronic Illness and Disability.

Sage Publications, Inc, 1995.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hq46kzc

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Padgett, Deborah K., Leyla Gulcur, and Sam Tsemberis.

"Housing First Services for People Who Are Homeless

with Co-Occurring Serious Mental Illness and Substance Abuse."

Research on Social Work Practice 16, no. 1 (2006): 74-83.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hakaoe8

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Morris, Jenny.

"Care of Empowerment? A Disability Rights Perspective."

Social Policy and Administration 31, no. 1 (1997): 54-60.

 

http://tinyurl.com/ha4s4y7

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Deegan, Patricia E.

"Recovery and Empowerment for People with Psychiatric Disabilities."

Social Work in Health Care 25, no. 3 (1997): 11-24.

 

http://tinyurl.com/jp9rgv8

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Harwood, Henrick J., Diane M. Napolitano,

Patricia L. Kristiansen, and James J. Collins.

"Economic Costs to Society of Alcohol and Drug Abuse and Mental Illness:

1980."

Research Triangle Park, NC: Research Triangle Institute (1984): 00-01.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hpbdez5

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Wilson, Anne, and Peter Beresford.

"'Anti-Oppressive Practice': Emancipation or Appropriation?."

British Journal of Social Work 30, no. 5 (2000): 553-573.

 

http://tinyurl.com/z64lz7t

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Adams, Robert.

Empowerment, Participation and Social Work.

Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.

 

http://tinyurl.com/zby7sgm

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Morris, Jenny.

"Disabled Children, Child Protection Systems and the Children Act 1989."

Child Abuse Review 8, no. 2 (1999): 91-108.

 

http://tinyurl.com/jyvmdkt

 

 

 

*

 

 

Judd, Lewis L., and Hagop S. Akiskal.

"The Prevalence and Disability of Bipolar Spectrum Disorders

in the US Population: Re-Analysis of the ECA Database

Taking into Account Subthreshold Cases."

Journal Of Affective Disorders 73, No. 1 (2003): 123-131.

 

http://tinyurl.com/z86rx84

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Priestley, Mark, and Laura Hemingway.

"Disability and Disaster Recovery: A Tale of Two Cities?."

Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation

5, no. 3-4 (2007): 23-42.

 

http://tinyurl.com/zqbozt9

 

 

 

*

 

 

Rife, John C., Richard J. First, Richard W. Greenlee,

Larry D. Miller, and Martha A. Feichter.

"Case Management with Homeless Mentally Ill People."

Health and Social Work 16, no. 1 (1991): 58-67.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hbmael8

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Zastrow, Charles. Brooks/Cole Empowerment Series:

Introduction to Social Work and Social Welfare.

Cengage Learning, 2013.

 

http://tinyurl.com/j2rgppl

 

http://tinyurl.com/zhpo5dy

 

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Oliver, Mike.

"Defining Impairment and Disability: Issues at Stake."

Exploring the Divide: Illness and Disability (1996): 39-54.

 

http://tinyurl.com/jf22q6y

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Deegan, Mary Jo, and Nancy A. Brooks, eds.

Women And Disability: The Double Handicap.

Transaction Publishers, 1985.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hx94vgq

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Williams, Gareth.

"Theorizing disability."

Handbook of disability studies 123 (2001): 144.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hv9jmpc

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Koren, Paul E., Neal DeChillo, and Barbara J. Friesen.

"Measuring Empowerment in Families

Whose Children Have Emotional Disabilities: A Brief Questionnaire."

Rehabilitation Psychology 37, no. 4 (1992): 305.

 

http://tinyurl.com/zmlwhj6

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Lynch, Eleanor W., and Marci J. Hanson.

Developing Cross-Cultural Competence:

A Guide for Working with Young Children and Their Families.

Paul H. Brookes Publishing, 1992.

 

http://tinyurl.com/zcss962

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

MacDonald, Geraldine, Brian Sheldon, and Jane Gillespie.

"Contemporary Studies of the Effectiveness of Social Work."

British Journal of Social Work 22, no. 6 (1992): 615-643.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hrmutax

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Sloper, Patricia.

"Models of Service Support for Parents of Disabled Children.

What Do We Know? What Do We Need to Know?."

Child: Care, Health And Development 25, No. 2 (1999): 85-99.

 

http://tinyurl.com/jj7va6b

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Sloper, Patricia, Veronica Greco, Jennifer Beecham, and Rosemary Webb.

"Key Worker Services for Disabled Children:

What Characteristics of Services Lead to Better Outcomes for Children and Families?."

Child: Care, Health And Development 32, No. 2 (2006): 147-157.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hrrfe2y

 

 

 

*

 

 

Kendrick, Tony, Bonnie Sibbald, Tom Burns, and Paul Freeling.

"Role of General Practitioners in Care of Long Term Mentally Ill Patients."

BMJ 302, no. 6775 (1991): 508-510.

 

http://tinyurl.com/jch47ok

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Bachman, Sara S., Mari-Lynn Drainoni, and Carol Tobias.

"Medicaid Managed Care, Substance Abuse Treatment,

and People with Disabilities: Review of the Literature."

Health and social work 29, no. 3 (2004): 189-196.

 

http://tinyurl.com/gsdr4b4

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Bagenstos, Samuel R.

"The Future of Disability Law."

Yale Law Journal (2004): 1-83.

 

http://tinyurl.com/h78xr66

 

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Abberley, Paul.

"The Concept of Oppression and the Development of a Social Theory of Disability."

Disability, Handicap and Society 2, no. 1 (1987): 5-19.

 

http://tinyurl.com/h2wlqy4

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Swain, John, and Sally French.

"Towards an Affirmation Model of Disability."

Disability and Society 15, no. 4 (2000): 569-582.

 

http://tinyurl.com/haetuy2

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Göpfert, Michael, Jeni Webster, and Mary V. Seeman, eds.

Parental Psychiatric Disorder: Distressed Parents and Their Families.

Cambridge University Press, 2004.

 

http://tinyurl.com/j2rkt6x

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Mancini, Michael A., Eric R. Hardiman, and Hal A. Lawson.

"Making Sense Of it All: Consumer Providers' Theories about

Factors Facilitating and Impeding Recovery from Psychiatric Disabilities."

Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal 29, no. 1 (2005): 48.

 

http://tinyurl.com/jms9esf

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Oliver, Mike.

"Changing the Social Relations of Research Production?."

Disability, Handicap and Society 7, no. 2 (1992): 101-114.

 

http://tinyurl.com/ho62kw2

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Turnbull, Ann P., Joan M. Patterson, Shirley K. Behr,

Douglas L. Murphy, Janet G. Marquis, and Martha J. Blue-Banning.

"Cognitive Coping, Families, and Disability."

In Based on a Participatory Research Conference on Cognitive Coping

in Families Who Have a Member with a Developmental Disability:

Theoretical and Empirical Implications and Directions,

held in Lawerence, KS, Jun 1991. Paul H. Brookes Publishing, 1993.

 

http://tinyurl.com/jeubdoo

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Riddell, Sheila.

"Chipping away at the Mountain:

Disabled Students' Experience of Higher Education."

International Studies in Sociology of Education 8, no. 2 (1998): 203-222.

 

http://tinyurl.com/zq4h83r

 

 

 

*

 

.

 

.

 

 

WEBBIB1617

 

http://tinyurl.com/gtdzaq3

 

 

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David Dillard

Temple University

(215) 204 - 4584

jwne@...

http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

 

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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (Eds),

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Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay

David P. Dillard

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Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU

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Sincerely,

David Dillard

Temple University

(215) 204 - 4584

jwne@...

http://workface.com/e/daviddillard


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Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay

David P. Dillard

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From the Union Pacific to BritRail and Beyond

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Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU

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TRANSPORTATION: SUBWAYS : UNITED STATES: CITIES: NEW YORK, NEW YORK : TRANSPORTATION: RAILROAD: HISTORY: Second Avenue Subway: Some History Videos and Some Activities on the Line During and Since Opening Day, January 1, 2017 at 12:00 Noon

David P. Dillard
 

.

.


TRANSPORTATION: SUBWAYS :

UNITED STATES: CITIES: NEW YORK, NEW YORK :

TRANSPORTATION: RAILROAD: HISTORY:

Second Avenue Subway: Some History Videos and Some Activities on the Line During and Since Opening Day, January 1, 2017 at 12:00 Noon


.

.

Finally, a 2nd Ave. Subway | Living City | The New York Times


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NueYp5ShBHw


Introducing the Second Avenue Subway


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fAziJqwjjoU


Second Avenue Subway - The Inaugural Ride


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nZ_IH34swqY



R68 and R160 (N) Trains running via the Second Avenue Line


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4DsGPaorrko


Cab View of Ride

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m9GnDXkpcWA


N Trains rerouted to the Second Avenue Subway

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8izYe8XXlKE


.

Book:


The Routes Not Taken: A Trip Through New York City's Unbuilt Subway

http://tinyurl.com/htejmx2

The Routes Not Taken: A Trip Through New York City's Unbuilt Subway System
Fordham University Press Series
Author Joseph B. Raskin
Edition illustrated, reprint
Publisher Fordham University Press, 2013
ISBN 0823253694, 9780823253692
Length 323 pages

Delves deep into the underbelly of the NYC subway system to reveal the tunnels and stations that might have been. Robert A. Van Wyck, mayor of the greater city of New York, broke ground for the first subway line by City Hall on March 24, 1900. It took four years, six months, and twenty-three days to build the line from City Hall to West 145th Street in Harlem. Things rarely went that quickly ever again. The Routes Not Taken explores the often dramatic stories behind the unbuilt or unfinished subway lines, shedding light on a significant part of New York City's history that has been almost completely ignored until now. Home to one of the world's largest subway systems, New York City made constant efforts to expand its underground labyrinth, efforts that were often met with unexpected obstacles: financial shortfalls, clashing agendas of mayors and borough presidents, battles with local community groups, and much more. After discovering a copy of the 1929 subway expansion map, author Joseph Raskin began his own investigation into the city's underbelly. Using research from libraries, historical societies, and transit agencies throughout the New York metropolitan area, Raskin provides a fascinating history of the Big Apple's unfinished business that until now has been only tantalizing stories retold by public-transit experts. The Routes Not Taken sheds light on the tunnels and stations that were completed for lines that were never fulfilled: the efforts to expand the Hudson tubes into a fullfledged subway; the Flushing line, and why it never made it past Flushing; a platform underneath Brooklyn's Nevins Street station that has remained unused for more than a century; and the 2nd Avenue line long the symbol of dashed dreams deferred countless times since the original plans were presented in 1929. Raskin also reveals the figures and personalities involved, including why Fiorello LaGuardia could not grasp the importance of subway lines and why Robert Moses found them to be old and boring. By focusing on the unbuilt lines, Raskin illustrates how the existing subway system is actually a Herculean feat of countless political compromises. Filled with illustrations of the extravagant expansion plans, The Routes Not Taken provides an enduring contribution to the transportation history of New York City.


.

.


Second Avenue Subway FROM Google Web Search

https://www.google.com/#q=%22second+avenue+subway%22



.

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Previous Posts on Net-Gold



http://tinyurl.com/zttm2s7



http://tinyurl.com/zayule9


.


TRANSPORTION: RAILROAD: PASSENGER: TRAINS, SUBWAYS:
Stealth Tunneling and the Second Avenue Subway and Grand Central Station

http://tinyurl.com/gqkjucc


.


TRANSPORTATION: SUBWAY : UNITED STATES: CITIES: NEW YORK, NEW YORK : NEW SERVICES:
2nd Avenue Subway Debuts in New York City on New Years Day 2017

http://tinyurl.com/jesmh7s


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.


WEBBIB1617

http://tinyurl.com/gtdzaq3


.

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Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

NET-GOLD
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Internships
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Hospitality
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
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http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
Indoor Gardening
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/indoorgardeningurban/info
Educator-Gold
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K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/k12adminlife/

Public Health Resources Including Ebola
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
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The Russell Conwell Learning Center Research Guide:
Information Literacy
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn


Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (Eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Railtram Discussion Group
from the union pacific to britrail and beyond
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/railtram/info

Indoor Gardening
improve your chances for indoor gardening success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/indoorgardeningurban/

Sport-Med
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

Health Diet Fitness Recreation Sports Tourism
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http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html




.

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Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
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The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
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Temple University Listserv Alert :
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.

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.

.

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Sincerely,

David Dillard

Temple University

(215) 204 - 4584

jwne@...

http://workface.com/e/daviddillard



Net-Gold
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Temple University and Google Sites Research Guides
AND Discussion Group Directory
http://tinyurl.com/ngda2hk

OR

https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/

FAKE NEWS
http://guides.temple.edu/fake

RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers

EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide

INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships

HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide

DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557

INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.io/g/indoor-gardening

Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/

K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

STATISTICS SOURCES RESEARCH GUIDE
http://guides.temple.edu/statistics-sources

Social Work and Social Issues Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/social-work

Tourism Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/Tourism

Digital Scholarship Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/DigitalScholarship/threads
https://listserv.temple.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A0=DIGITAL-SCHOLARSHIP
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/digital-scholarship/info
https://digitalscholarshipandscholarlypublication.wordpress.com/


Copyright Research Guide
Copyright, Intellectual Property and Plagiarism Sources
http://guides.temple.edu/copyright-plagiarism

Fair Use
http://guides.temple.edu/fair-use

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html

MEDICAL: SURGERY : DEATH : LAW CASES : CHILDREN: 9-Year-Old Girl Dies After Getting Her Tonsils Removed In Routine Surgery

David P. Dillard
 

.

.


MEDICAL: SURGERY :

DEATH :

LAW CASES :

CHILDREN:

9-Year-Old Girl Dies After Getting Her Tonsils Removed In Routine Surgery

.

.


9-Year-Old Girl Dies After Getting Her Tonsils Removed In Routine Surgery

6 January 2017, 8:18 pm EST

By Allan Adamson

Tech Times

http://www.techtimes.com/articles/191631/20170106/9-year-old-girl-dies-
after-getting-her-tonsils-removed-in-routine-surgery.htm

.

A shorter URL for the above link:

.

http://tinyurl.com/h89xsav

.

.


A child in Detroit died within hours of having tonsillectomy, a surgical procedure to remove the tonsils.

.

The mother's child, Sonia Gambrell, said that she was actually nervous to send her daughter in for surgery. They even pushed the surgery off for years but eventually in December, decided to bring the child to the hospital for the operation.

.

"We went to the appointment I had been running from for 9 years," Gambrell said.

.

Now, Gambrell wants to sue Detroit Medical Center, which owns Children's Hospital of Michigan, where 9-year-old Anyialah Greer underwent the procedure on Dec. 8 before she suffered from cardiac arrest.

.

A Common Childhood Procedure

.

Tonsillectomy is one of the most common childhood procedures with 530,000 operations done per year.

.

It used to be a common procedure to treat tonsillitis, the infection and inflammation of the tonsils. Today, it is often performed for sleep-disordered breathing although it may still be resorted to when tonsillitis does not respond to other treatments and occurs frequently.
Anyialah was having her tonsils removed to prevent her from snoring.

.

Doctors said that it was medically necessary. The procedure was supposed to take only 40 minutes but it took far longer before the operation was over, two hours.

.

The child was discharged from the hospital soon after but she was not feeling good when she got home. Her mother said that after being discharged, Anyialah was in and out of sleep.

.

Prescribed With Painkiller Oxycodone

.

snip

.


Possible Causes Of Death

.

Autopsy reports are not yet on hand and would not yet be available for several weeks but the medical report suggests that an obstructed airway, anesthesia complications or undetected heart conditions may have possibly left the child at risk.

.

Wrongfully Discharged

.

Gambrell claimed that Bianca Siegel, the ear, nose, and throat specialist who conducted the surgery, wrongfully discharged her daughter because the child was not in stable condition after the surgery.

.

The family hired James Harrington IV, of the Fieger Law of Southfield who specializes in medical malpractice, to represent them. The lawyer said that under the federal law, people can't be discharged unless they are in stable condition.



.

.

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

.

.




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
https://groups.io/g/Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Temple University and Google Sites Research Guides
AND Discussion Group Directory
http://tinyurl.com/ngda2hk

OR

https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/

FAKE NEWS
http://guides.temple.edu/fake

RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers

EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide

INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships

HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide

DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557

INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.io/g/indoor-gardening

Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/

K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

STATISTICS SOURCES RESEARCH GUIDE
http://guides.temple.edu/statistics-sources

Social Work and Social Issues Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/social-work

Tourism Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/Tourism

Digital Scholarship Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/DigitalScholarship/threads
https://listserv.temple.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A0=DIGITAL-SCHOLARSHIP
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/digital-scholarship/info
https://digitalscholarshipandscholarlypublication.wordpress.com/


Copyright Research Guide
Copyright, Intellectual Property and Plagiarism Sources
http://guides.temple.edu/copyright-plagiarism

Fair Use
http://guides.temple.edu/fair-use

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html






.

.


Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

.

.

Donald Trump Video Archive

David P. Dillard
 

.

.


Donald Trump Video Archive

Richmond-Based Internet Archive Unveils Massive Trump Archive,
A Fact-Checking Treasure Trove

Hoodline

http://tinyurl.com/z4h56lw

.

.


The Internet Archive, an archival cornucopia housed in a former Christian Science church at Clement and Funston in the Richmond, made a splash yesterday when it announced an ambitious new project: to assemble a searchable record of every Donald Trump statement captured on video.

.

The inauguration of the Trump Archive, announced by the nonprofit yesterday, comes with an initial 520 hours of footage from Trump's speeches, ads, debates, interviews, and other broadcasts dating back to 2009. And it's just the tip of the iceberg.

.

According to the Archive, the new collection will "create a curated collection of material related to Trump, with an emphasis on fact-checked statements. The video is searchable, quotable, and shareable on social media."

.

The Internet Archive's statement goes on: "By providing a free and enduring source for TV news broadcasts of Trumps statements, the Internet Archive hopes to make it more efficient for the media, researchers, and the public to track Trumps statements while fact-checking and reporting on the new administration."




.

.

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

.

.

Google Web Search Search Results for Donald Trump Video Archive

http://tinyurl.com/zqel7wh




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
https://groups.io/g/Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Temple University and Google Sites Research Guides
AND Discussion Group Directory
http://tinyurl.com/ngda2hk

OR

https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/

FAKE NEWS
http://guides.temple.edu/fake

RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers

EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide

INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships

HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide

DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557

INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.io/g/indoor-gardening

Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/

K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

STATISTICS SOURCES RESEARCH GUIDE
http://guides.temple.edu/statistics-sources

Social Work and Social Issues Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/social-work

Tourism Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/Tourism

Digital Scholarship Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/DigitalScholarship/threads
https://listserv.temple.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A0=DIGITAL-SCHOLARSHIP
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/digital-scholarship/info
https://digitalscholarshipandscholarlypublication.wordpress.com/


Copyright Research Guide
Copyright, Intellectual Property and Plagiarism Sources
http://guides.temple.edu/copyright-plagiarism

Fair Use
http://guides.temple.edu/fair-use

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html

DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS : TOURISM AND TRAVEL : HOSPITALITY: Luxury Tourism

David P. Dillard
 

.

.


DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

TOURISM AND TRAVEL :

HOSPITALITY:

Luxury Tourism

.

.


This post contains database search results links from a number of databases regarding luxury tourism.


.

.


.

.


Luxury Tourism in Google Scholar

http://tinyurl.com/h4e4keu

.

Luxury Tourism in Google Books


https://www.google.com/search?tbm=bks&q=%22luxury+tourism%22


.


Luxury Tourism in Temple Summon Search

http://tinyurl.com/hf9f2ev


.

Luxury Tourism in Google Domain Limited Web Search (SCIENCEDIRECT)

https://www.google.com/#q=%22luxury+tourism%22+AND+SITE:+SCIENCEDIRECT


.


Luxury Tourism in Google Domain Limited Web Search (JSTOR)

https://www.google.com/#q=%22luxury+tourism%22+AND+SITE:+JSTOR


.



Luxury Tourism in Google Domain Limited Web Search (GOV)

https://www.google.com/#q=%22luxury+tourism%22+AND+SITE:+GOV


.

Luxury Tourism in YouTube


https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=%22luxury+tourism%22+


.


Luxury Tourism FROM Google Images

http://tinyurl.com/gmwoyrd

For best results, click images and on the resulting screen click on "visit page"



.

Luxury Tourism in Google Domain Limited Web Search (NEWS)


https://www.google.com/#q=%22luxury+tourism%22+AND+SITE:+NEWS


.

Luxury Tourism in Google (NEWS)

http://tinyurl.com/za4rtql


.


Luxury Tourism in Google Domain Limited Web Search (BLOGS)

https://www.google.com/#q=%22luxury+tourism%22+AND+SITE:+BLOGS



.

.


WEBBIB1617

http://tinyurl.com/gtdzaq3


.

.





Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
https://groups.io/g/Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Temple University and Google Sites Research Guides
AND Discussion Group Directory
http://tinyurl.com/ngda2hk

OR

https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/

FAKE NEWS
http://guides.temple.edu/fake

RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers

EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide

INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships

HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide

DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557

INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.io/g/indoor-gardening

Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/

K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

STATISTICS SOURCES RESEARCH GUIDE
http://guides.temple.edu/statistics-sources

Social Work and Social Issues Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/social-work

Tourism Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/Tourism

Digital Scholarship Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/DigitalScholarship/threads
https://listserv.temple.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A0=DIGITAL-SCHOLARSHIP
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/digital-scholarship/info
https://digitalscholarshipandscholarlypublication.wordpress.com/


Copyright Research Guide
Copyright, Intellectual Property and Plagiarism Sources
http://guides.temple.edu/copyright-plagiarism

Fair Use
http://guides.temple.edu/fair-use

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html

UNITED STATES: POLITICS: POLITICAL PARTIES: REPUBLICAN PARTY, TEA PARTY : INDUSTRIES: PETROLEUM : LIBERTARIANISM: Trump's Koch Administration

David P. Dillard
 

.

.


UNITED STATES: POLITICS: POLITICAL PARTIES: REPUBLICAN PARTY, TEA PARTY :

INDUSTRIES: PETROLEUM :

LIBERTARIANISM:

Trump's Koch Administration

.

.



Trump's Koch Administration
Despite past clashes and looming policy disputes the Koch brothers operation has allies in key positions on Trumps team.

By KENNETH P. VOGEL and ELIANA JOHNSON

11/28/16 05:01 AM EST

Politico

http://www.politico.com/story/2016/11/trump-koch-brothers-231863

.

.


Charles Koch once likened the contest between Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton to being asked to choose cancer or a heart attack.

.

Now, Kochs allies are helping to launch Trumps administration, giving Charles and his brother David potential inroads with a president whose campaign they refused to support.

.

The president-elect, in filling out his transition team and administration, has drawn heavily from the vast network of donors and advocacy groups built by the billionaire industrialist brothers, who have sought to reshape American politics in their libertarian image.

.

From White House Counsel Don McGahn and transition team advisers Tom Pyle, Darin Selnick and Alan Cobb to Presidential Inaugural Committee member Diane Hendricks and transition-team executive committee members Rebekah Mercer and Anthony Scaramucci, Trump has surrounded himself with people tied to the Kochs.

.

In creating the Koch network, I dont think that we ever envisioned that we would be supplying staffers to this semi-free market, semi-populist president, said Frayda Levin, a donor to the network who chairs the board of its main voter mobilization group, Americans for Prosperity. But were happy that hes picking people who have that free market background, particularly because on many issues, he is a blank slate, so anybody with expertise is in an amazing position to shape his agenda.

.

And many more Koch-linked operatives are expected to join Trumps nascent administration in the coming weeks, according to Trump transition-team sources. Names being considered include Koch Industries lobbyist Brian Henneberry and former company spokesman Matt Lloyd, as well as Daniel Garza, who runs a Koch-backed nonprofit called the LIBRE Initiative that courts Latinos, not to mention a handful of veterans of the Koch networks advocacy groups who worked on the Trump campaign from top Pence adviser Marc Short and former Trump campaign manager Corey Lewandowski to ex-campaign aides Stuart Jolly, Eli Miller, Scott Hagerstrom, Charles Munoz and Matt Ciepielowski.

.

Perhaps more surprisingly, despite some predictions of imminent policy clashes, theres already informal communication between the Trump team and the Koch network, and both camps are signaling a willingness to work together on issues of mutual interest. David Koch even attended Trumps election night victory party.

.

How long the comity lasts between Trump and the powerful Koch brothers could go far in determining whether Trump is able to take full advantage of the complete Republican control of Washington ushered in by his stunning victory over his Democratic rival, Hillary Clinton.

.

snip

.

At one point, Charles Koch compared the choice between Trump and Clinton to choosing between cancer or heart attack, and the Koch network did not spend any money directly boosting Trump or attacking Clinton.

.

Trump in turn boasted that the Kochs could not influence him because he didnt want their money or anything else from them. And he blasted his rivals for the GOP nomination as puppets of the Kochs. A possible truce after Trump clinched the nomination broke down quickly, with the two sides clashing over who rejected a proposed meeting.

.

The Koch network, which some believed was discouraging its operatives from working with Trumps campaign, is now seen by insiders as welcoming the chance to have allies on the inside of Trumps administration.

.

At the same time, though, the network already is signaling that it intends to oppose aspects of Trumps agenda that run counter to the brothers brand of small government, low-regulation conservatism, possibly including the incoming presidents $1 trillion infrastructure spending plan and his pledge to renegotiate trade deals.


.

.

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

.

.





Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
https://groups.io/g/Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Temple University and Google Sites Research Guides
AND Discussion Group Directory
http://tinyurl.com/ngda2hk

OR

https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/

FAKE NEWS
http://guides.temple.edu/fake

RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers

EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide

INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships

HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide

DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557

INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.io/g/indoor-gardening

Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/

K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

STATISTICS SOURCES RESEARCH GUIDE
http://guides.temple.edu/statistics-sources

Social Work and Social Issues Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/social-work

Tourism Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/Tourism

Digital Scholarship Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/DigitalScholarship/threads
https://listserv.temple.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A0=DIGITAL-SCHOLARSHIP
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/digital-scholarship/info
https://digitalscholarshipandscholarlypublication.wordpress.com/


Copyright Research Guide
Copyright, Intellectual Property and Plagiarism Sources
http://guides.temple.edu/copyright-plagiarism

Fair Use
http://guides.temple.edu/fair-use

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html




.

.


Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

.

.

STATISTICS : DATA : DIGITAL INITIATIVES : DIGITAL SCHOLARSHIP : BLOGS: Databrarians

David P. Dillard
 

.

.


STATISTICS :

DATA :

DIGITAL INITIATIVES :

DIGITAL SCHOLARSHIP :

BLOGS:

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Because this is a collaborative blog, were always looking for your voice, questions, and experiences. Here are some ideas for ways to get involved:

Guest posts. Have something to say or want a link back to your blog? Consider writing a 400-1000 word guest post. Whether your audience is data-shy or advanced data geeks, we love a clear focus, engaging hook, attractive picture, and useful tips or walkthroughs for other data librarians. If you already blog, suggesting a repost can draw attention to your work as well as increase the diversity of voices represented here.

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Reviews. Got a useful book, course, or resource to recommend? Write up a short review with pros, cons, and takeaways, and help others navigate this growing subfield of librarianship.

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What is databrarians.org?

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This blog is a still-developing collaborative project to share tips, conversations, and strategies among data librarians and students looking to become data librarians. Our goal is to help each other more effectively bring data resources to our library communities.

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Tips and Tools

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Sample Blog Post Titles

Dialogue: moving students from reference to critical data literacy

http://tinyurl.com/hpsayyl

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Dialogues for reference librarians referring to data services

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Easy data management: add a README.txt to your project folders

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Qualitative Data at the ICPSR Social Science Data Archive

http://tinyurl.com/hldk69h

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Managing and Sharing Qualitative Research Data 101

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Adding metadata to a qualitative data project

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Thinking about qualitative data with Juliann Couture

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#Hackathons, Genetics and The Future

http://tinyurl.com/zz9n4t2



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Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

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UNITED STATES: POLITICS: POLITICAL PARTIES: REPUBLICAN PARTY, TEA PARTY : INDUSTRIES: PETROLEUM : LIBERTARIANISM : PLAGIARISM: Trump Pick Monica Crowley Plagiarized Parts of Her Ph.D. Dissertation

David P. Dillard
 

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UNITED STATES: POLITICS: POLITICAL PARTIES: REPUBLICAN PARTY, TEA PARTY :

INDUSTRIES: PETROLEUM :

LIBERTARIANISM :

PLAGIARISM:

Trump Pick Monica Crowley Plagiarized Parts of Her Ph.D. Dissertation

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Trump Pick Monica Crowley Plagiarized Parts of Her Ph.D. Dissertation

By ALEX CATON and GRACE WATKINS

January 09, 2017

Politico

http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2017/01/ monica-crowley-plagiarism-phd-dissertation-columbia-214612

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A shorter URL for the above link:

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http://tinyurl.com/zatux88

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Moica Crowley, President-Elect Donald J. Trumps pick for a top National Security Council job, plagiarized numerous passages in her Ph.D. dissertation, Politico Magazine has found.

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An examination of the dissertation and the sources it cites identified around more than a dozen sections of text that have been lifted, with little to no changes, from other scholarly works without proper attribution. In some instances, Crowley footnoted her source but did not identify with quotation marks the text she was copying directly. In other instances, she copied text or heavily paraphrased with no attribution at all.

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This finding comes on the heels of CNNs Saturday report that Crowley, the conservative author and commentator whom Trump tapped as senior director of strategic communications for the National Security Council, plagiarized more than 50 passages in her 2012 book What the (Bleep) Just Happened, copying directly from conservative columns, news articles, Wikipedia and in one case a podiatrists website.

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Despite the news, the Trump team continues to support the appointment. Any attempt to discredit Monica is nothing more than a politically motivated attack that seeks to distract from the real issues facing this country, a transition spokesperson told CNN. The transition team did not reply to requests for comment for this story.

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Crowley submitted her dissertation, titled Clearer Than Truth: Determining and Preserving Grand Strategy: The Evolution of American Policy Toward the Peoples Republic of China Under Truman and Nixon, in 2000 in partial completion of her Ph.D. in international relations at New Yorks Columbia University. Today, the thesis is kept on microfilm at the University of Michigan and accessible via ProQuest, an academic database.

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By checking passages in the document against the sources Crowley cites, focusing on paragraphs that come before and after footnotes of key sources in her bibliography, we found numerous structural and syntactic similarities. She lifted passages from her footnoted texts, occasionally making slight wording changes but rarely using quotation marks. Sometimes she didnt footnote at all.

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Parts of Crowley's dissertation appear to violate Columbia's definition of "Unintentional Plagiarism" for "failure to 'quote' or block quote author's exact words, even if documented" or "failure to paraphrase in your own words, even if documented." In other cases, her writing appears to violate types I and II of Columbia's definition of "Intentional Plagiarism," which are, respectively, "direct copy and paste" and "small modification by word switch," "without quotation or reference to the source."



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The complete article may be read at the URL above.

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Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

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Copyright, Intellectual Property and Plagiarism Sources
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Fair Use
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Blog
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Articles by David Dillard
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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

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Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
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MEDIA LITERACY : EDUCATION: K-12 : BOOKS : BIBLIOGRAPHIES: A Selection of Books about Elementary and Secondary Education and Media Literacy

David P. Dillard
 



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MEDIA LITERACY :

 

EDUCATION: K-12 :

 

BOOKS :

 

BIBLIOGRAPHIES:

 

A Selection of Books about Elementary and Secondary Education and Media Literacy

 

 

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WEBBIB1617

 

http://tinyurl.com/hetcykm

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A Selection of Books about Elementary and Secondary Education and Media Literacy

 

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Media Literacy in the K-12 Classroom

Author       Frank W. Baker

Edition      2

Publisher 

International Society for Technology in Education, 2016

ISBN 1564843815, 9781564843814

Length      277 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/zrcn52g

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Handbook of Research on New Media Literacy at the K-12 Level:

Issues and Challenges: Issues and Challenges, Volumes 1-2

Editor        Tan Wee Hin, Leo

Edition      reprint

Publisher  IGI Global, 2009

ISBN 160566121X, 9781605661216

Length      1076 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/h2k5nnd

 

 

 

*

 

 

Reading the Media: Media Literacy in High School English

Language and literacy series

Author       Renee Hobbs

Publisher  Teachers College Press, 2007

ISBN 0807747394, 9780807747391

Length      190 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/zcz2oef

 

 

*

 

 

The Teacher’s Guide to Media Literacy:

Critical Thinking in a Multimedia World

Authors    Cyndy Scheibe, Faith Rogow

Publisher  Corwin Press, 2011

ISBN 1452269599, 9781452269597

Length      264 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/hebb3lq

 

 

*

 

 

Digital and Media Literacy: Connecting Culture and Classroom

Author       Renee Hobbs

Edition      illustrated

Publisher  Corwin Press, 2011

ISBN 1412981581, 9781412981583

Length      214 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/zgoq26b

 

 

*

 

 

Handbook of Research on Literacy in Technology at the K-12 Level

Gale virtual reference library

IGI Global research collection

Editor        Tan Wee Hin, Leo

Edition      illustrated

Publisher  Idea Group Inc (IGI), 2005

ISBN 1591404967, 9781591404965

Length      665 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/zehd95r

 

 

*

 

 

Media Literacy is Elementary:

Teaching Youth to Critically Read and Create Media

Volume 41 of Rethinking childhood, ISSN 1086-7155

Author       Jeff Share

Publisher  Peter Lang, 2009

ISBN 1433103923, 9781433103926

Length      165 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/hzb9vf2

 

 

 

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Media Literacy: An Alternative to Censorship

Authors    Marjorie Heins, Christina Cho

Publisher  Marjorie Heins, 2003

Length      56 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/zxfeyym

 

 

 

*

 

 

Master the Media:

How Teaching Media Literacy Can Save Our Plugged-In World

Author       Julie Smith

Publisher  Dave Burgess Consulting, Incorporated, 2015

ISBN 0986155446, 9780986155444

Length      180 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/gwp6klf

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Media Literacy: Transforming Curriculum and Teaching

Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education

Volume 101; Volume 104 of

The yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education:

National Society for the Study of Education

Media Literacy: Transforming Curriculum and Teaching,

Editors      Gretchen Schwarz, Pamela U. Brown

Contributor        National Society for the Study of Education

Publisher  NSSE, 2005

Length      294 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/hpwcfek

 

 

 

*

 

 

Critical Media Pedagogy: Teaching for Achievement in City Schools

Language and literacy series

Authors   

Ernest Morrell, Rudy Duenas, Veronica Garcia, Jorge Lopez

Publisher  Teachers College Press, 2013

ISBN 0807754382, 9780807754382

Length      183 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/zk22a3g

 

 

 

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Media Literacy: New Agendas in Communication

New Agendas in Communication Series

Editor        Kathleen Tyner

Publisher  Routledge, 2009

ISBN 1135269734, 9781135269739

Length      256 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/hqspl6c

 

 

 

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Teacher Education for Critical Consumption of Mass Media and Popular Culture

RoutledgeFalmer studies in higher education

Author       Stephanie A. Flores-Koulish

Edition      illustrated

Publisher  Psychology Press, 2005

ISBN 0415949998, 9780415949996

Length      149 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/z9e7uaf

 

 

 

*

 

 

Critical Literacy: Context, Research, and Practice in the K-12 Classroom

Authors    Lisa P. Stevens, Thomas W. Bean

Publisher  SAGE, 2007

ISBN 1412941172, 9781412941174

Length      133 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/zp3nelv

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Teaching the Media: International Perspectives

Routledge Communication Series

Editor        Andrew Hart

Publisher  Routledge, 2013

ISBN 1136685308, 9781136685309

Length      222 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/gqrsvat

 

 

 

*

 

 

Youth-serving Libraries in Japan, Russia, and the United States

G - Reference, Information and Interdisciplinary Subjects Series

Editors      Lesley S. J. Farmer, N. I. Gendina, Yuriko Nakamura

Edition      illustrated

Publisher  Scarecrow Press, 2012

ISBN 0810882256, 9780810882256

 

http://tinyurl.com/j5k7jmb

 

 

 

*

 

 

Teaching TV Production in a Digital World: Integrating Media Literacy

Library and Information Problem-Solving Skills Series

Author       Robert Kenny

Edition      illustrated

Publisher  Libraries Unlimited, 2004

ISBN 1591581990, 9781591581994

Length      349 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/hjg8oul

 

 

 

*

 

 

Handbook of Research on Teaching Literacy

Through the Communicative and Visual Arts, Volume II:

A Project of the International Reading Association

Authors    James Flood, Shirley Brice Heath, Diane Lapp

Publisher  Routledge, 2015

ISBN 1317639693, 9781317639695

Length      632 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/hv736qd

 

 

 

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Teaching Media Literacy: A How-to-do-it Manual and CD-ROM

How-To-Do-It Manuals

Issue 156 of How-to-do-it manuals for libraries

Author       Belinha S. De Abreu

Edition      illustrated

Publisher  Neal-Schuman Publishers, 2007

ISBN 1555705960, 9781555705961

Length      217 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/jjb39km

 

 

 

*

 

 

Digital Storytelling in the Classroom:

New Media Pathways to Literacy, Learning, and Creativity

Author       Jason Ohler

Editor        Jason Ohler

Edition      illustrated

Publisher  Corwin Press, 2008

ISBN 1412938503, 9781412938501

Length      228 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/gpomfej

 

 

 

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Media Literacy in Schools: Practice, Production and Progression

Authors    Andrew Burn, James Durran

Publisher  SAGE, 2007

ISBN 1848604742, 9781848604742

Length      208 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/zspzo9d

 

 

 

*

 

 

Information Literacy Assessment in K-12 Settings

G - Reference, Information and Interdisciplinary Subjects Series

Authors    Lesley S. J. Farmer, James Henri

Edition      illustrated

Publisher  Scarecrow Press, 2008

ISBN 0810856956, 9780810856950

Length      201 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/zqhobrc

 

 

 

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Media Literacy Education in Action:

Theoretical and Pedagogical Perspectives

Authors    Belinha S. De Abreu, Paul Mihailidis

Editors      Belinha S. De Abreu, Paul Mihailidis

Publisher  Routledge, 2013

ISBN 1135123721, 9781135123727

Length      274 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/zbjt8lt

 

 

 

*

 

 

Seeing and Believing:

How to Teach Media Literacy in the English Classroom

Authors    Ellen Krueger, Mary T. Christel

Edition      illustrated

Publisher  Boynton/Cook Publishers-Heinemann, 2001

ISBN 0867095733, 9780867095739

Length      170 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/jc2tmjx

 

 

 

*

 

 

Media Literacy in the K-12 Classroom

Author       Frank W. Baker

Edition      2

Publisher 

International Society for Technology in Education, 2016

ISBN 1564843815, 9781564843814

Length      277 pages

 

http://tinyurl.com/zrcb8o3

 

http://frankwbaker.com/publications/

 

 

 

 

.

.

 

WEBBIB1617

 

http://tinyurl.com/hetcykm

.

.

 



Sincerely,

David Dillard

Temple University

(215) 204 - 4584

jwne@...

http://workface.com/e/daviddillard


Net-Gold

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold

http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html

https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives

http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

General Internet & Print Resources

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COUNTRIES

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EMPLOYMENT

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TOURISM

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DISABILITIES

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INDOOR GARDENING

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Educator-Gold

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K12ADMINLIFE

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

The Russell Conwell Learning Center Research Guide:

THE COLLEGE LEARNING CENTER

http://tinyurl.com/obcj6rf

Information Literacy

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Research Guides

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Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold

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and also at

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Twitter: davidpdillard


Temple University Site Map

https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home


Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),

Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,

Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.

Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay

David P. Dillard

http://tinyurl.com/p63whl


RailTram Discussion Group

From the Union Pacific to BritRail and Beyond

https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/railtram/info  


INDOOR GARDENING

Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success

https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info


SPORT-MED

https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/

http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html


HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM

https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info

http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html






.


.


Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU 

in search results for Net-Gold and related lists. 

The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has 

been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664

http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145

Temple University Listserv Alert :

Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives

https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/


.


.






PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS : MEDICAL CONDITIONS: OBESITY : CHILDREN : TODDLERS : EXERCISE BIKES: Fisher-Price Will Battle Childhood Obesity With an Exercise Bike Tablet Holder

David P. Dillard
 

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Date: Sun, 8 Jan 2017 00:27:29 -0500 (EST)
From: David P. Dillard <jwne@...>
To: Net-Gold Groups.IO -- Educator-Gold <Educator-Gold@groups.io>,
HEALTH-RECREATION-SPORTS-TOURISM@...,
K12ADMIN@...,
Nabble Groups Net-Gold <ml-node+s3172864n3172864h56@...>,
"Sean Grigsby OR Keith @ Groups.IO" <Myarchives@groups.io>,
NetGoldBlog <netgoldblog@...>, net-gold@...,
Net-Gold on IO Groups list <Net-Gold@groups.io>,
net-gold@...,
Temple Gold Discussion Group <TEMPLE-GOLD@...>,
Public Health <public-health@groups.io>,
Public Health <ml-node+s87863n1h15@...>,
PUBLIC-HEALTH-NEWS-AND-SOURCES@...,
Sport-Med -- Sports Medicine at Groups IO <SportMed@groups.io>,
SPORT-MED@..., sport-med@...
Subject: PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS : MEDICAL CONDITIONS: OBESITY : CHILDREN
: TODDLERS : EXERCISE BIKES: Fisher-Price Will Battle Childhood Obesity With
an Exercise Bike Tablet Holder




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.


PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS :

MEDICAL CONDITIONS: OBESITY :

CHILDREN :

TODDLERS :

EXERCISE BIKES:

Fisher-Price Will Battle Childhood Obesity
with an Exercise Bike Tablet Holder

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Fisher-Price Will Battle Childhood Obesity
with an Exercise Bike Tablet Holder

Andrew Liszewski

Gizmodo

http://gizmodo.com/ fisher-price-will-battle-childhood-obesity-with-an-exer-1790339357

.

A shorter URL for the above link:

.

http://tinyurl.com/hxpv5n2

.

.


Your tablet-obsessed kid spending hours on the couch poking at a touchscreen probably isnt doing their waistline any favors. But instead of wrestling an iPad out of their hands, Fisher-Price wants to help battle childhood obesity with a tablet holder thats essentially an exercise bike for kids.

.

The Think & Learn Smart Cycle isnt being marketed to kids as a way to help counteract their sedentary lifestyles. After all, what kid likes the idea of being forced to get up to get some exercise? As any parent knows, you have to outsmart a kid to get them to do what you want, and often that involves video games these days.

.

By designing the Smart Cycle to be what is essentially a ride-on video game controller, kids can keep playing with their tablets while theyre improving their physical fitness. And if they happen to burn off a little excess energy in the process so bedtime is less of an ordeal, what parent is going to complain?


.

.

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

.

.




Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
https://groups.io/g/Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Temple University and Google Sites Research Guides
AND Discussion Group Directory
http://tinyurl.com/ngda2hk

OR

https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/

FAKE NEWS
http://guides.temple.edu/fake

RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers

EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide

INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships

HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide

DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557

INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.io/g/indoor-gardening

Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/

K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

STATISTICS SOURCES RESEARCH GUIDE
http://guides.temple.edu/statistics-sources

Social Work and Social Issues Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/social-work

Tourism Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/Tourism

Digital Scholarship Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/DigitalScholarship/threads
https://listserv.temple.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A0=DIGITAL-SCHOLARSHIP
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/digital-scholarship/info
https://digitalscholarshipandscholarlypublication.wordpress.com/


Copyright Research Guide
Copyright, Intellectual Property and Plagiarism Sources
http://guides.temple.edu/copyright-plagiarism

Fair Use
http://guides.temple.edu/fair-use

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html




.

.


Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

.

.

PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS : MEDICAL CONDITIONS: OBESITY: Diet Matters More than Exercise in Battle over Obesity

David P. Dillard
 

.





Date: Sun, 8 Jan 2017 00:46:57 -0500 (EST)
From: David P. Dillard <jwne@...>
To: Net-Gold Groups.IO -- Educator-Gold <Educator-Gold@groups.io>,
HEALTH-RECREATION-SPORTS-TOURISM@...,
K12ADMIN@...,
Nabble Groups Net-Gold <ml-node+s3172864n3172864h56@...>,
"Sean Grigsby OR Keith @ Groups.IO" <Myarchives@groups.io>,
NetGoldBlog <netgoldblog@...>, net-gold@...,
Net-Gold on IO Groups list <Net-Gold@groups.io>,
net-gold@...,
Temple Gold Discussion Group <TEMPLE-GOLD@...>,
Public Health <public-health@groups.io>,
Public Health <ml-node+s87863n1h15@...>,
PUBLIC-HEALTH-NEWS-AND-SOURCES@...,
Sport-Med -- Sports Medicine at Groups IO <SportMed@groups.io>,
SPORT-MED@..., sport-med@...
Subject: PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS : MEDICAL CONDITIONS: OBESITY: Diet
Matters More than Exercise in Battle over Obesity




.

.


PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS :

MEDICAL CONDITIONS: OBESITY:

Diet Matters More than Exercise in Battle over Obesity

.

.


Diet Matters More than Exercise in Battle over Obesity

Gibbons, Katie

The Times [London (UK)]

14 December 2016: 19.

http://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/ eating-not-exercise-is-key-in-the-obesity-fight-says-nhs-boss-w3hdhckd6


.

A shorter URL for the above link:

.

http://tinyurl.com/j9d4v7k

.

.


Government guidelines on obesity should focus on diet as well as exercise, according to the head of the NHS.

.

Simon Stevens, chief executive of NHS England, was agreeing with comments made by a Conservative peer while giving evidence at a Lords committee hearing on the sustainability of the health service.

.

"We have a big, big problem with diet and the trouble is that the advice of the Department of Health and Nice [The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence] ... they are still talking about diet and exercise," Lord McColl of Dulwich, emeritus professor of surgery at Guy's Hospital in London, said. "Exercise has very little to do with it. It is good for other things but not for reducing obesity."

.

Admitting that his "reading of the evidence is the same", Mr Stevens added: "It needs to be both. We're not going to deal with the pressures of obesity simply by arguing for greater exercise. We have got to change dietary intake."

.

Nice encourages adults to do at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity on five or more days a week, in one workout or several sessions lasting ten minutes or more.

.

The guidelines state: "To prevent obesity, most people may need to do 45-60 minutes of moderate intensity activity a day, particularly if they do not reduce their energy intake.

.

"People who have been obese and have lost weight may need to do 60-90 minutes of activity a day to avoid regaining weight."



.

.

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

.

.



Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
https://groups.io/g/Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Temple University and Google Sites Research Guides
AND Discussion Group Directory
http://tinyurl.com/ngda2hk

OR

https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/

FAKE NEWS
http://guides.temple.edu/fake

RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers

EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide

INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships

HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide

DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557

INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.io/g/indoor-gardening

Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/

K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

STATISTICS SOURCES RESEARCH GUIDE
http://guides.temple.edu/statistics-sources

Social Work and Social Issues Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/social-work

Tourism Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/Tourism

Digital Scholarship Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/DigitalScholarship/threads
https://listserv.temple.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A0=DIGITAL-SCHOLARSHIP
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/digital-scholarship/info
https://digitalscholarshipandscholarlypublication.wordpress.com/


Copyright Research Guide
Copyright, Intellectual Property and Plagiarism Sources
http://guides.temple.edu/copyright-plagiarism

Fair Use
http://guides.temple.edu/fair-use

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html




.

.


Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

.

.

TRANSPORTATION: SUBWAYS : UNITED STATES: CITIES: NEW YORK, NEW YORK : TRANSPORTATION: RAILROAD: HISTORY: Second Avenue Subway: Some History Videos and Some Activities on the Line During and Since Opening Day, January 1, 2017 at 12:00 Noon (fwd)

David P. Dillard
 

.




Date: Sun, 8 Jan 2017 22:03:27 -0500 (EST)
From: David P. Dillard <jwne@...>
To: Net-Gold Groups.IO -- Educator-Gold <Educator-Gold@groups.io>,
HEALTH-RECREATION-SPORTS-TOURISM@...,
K12ADMIN@...,
Nabble Groups Net-Gold <ml-node+s3172864n3172864h56@...>,
"Sean Grigsby OR Keith @ Groups.IO" <Myarchives@groups.io>,
NetGoldBlog <netgoldblog@...>, net-gold@...,
Net-Gold on IO Groups list <Net-Gold@groups.io>,
net-gold@...,
Temple Gold Discussion Group <TEMPLE-GOLD@...>,
Rail Tram Discussion Group on Groups IO <railtransportation@groups.io>
Subject: TRANSPORTATION: SUBWAYS : UNITED STATES: CITIES: NEW YORK,
NEW YORK : TRANSPORTATION: RAILROAD: HISTORY: Second Avenue Subway: Some
History Videos and Some Activities on the Line During and Since Opening Day,
January 1, 2017 at 12:00 Noon




.

.


TRANSPORTATION: SUBWAYS :

UNITED STATES: CITIES: NEW YORK, NEW YORK :

TRANSPORTATION: RAILROAD: HISTORY:

Second Avenue Subway: Some History Videos and Some Activities on the Line During and Since Opening Day, January 1, 2017 at 12:00 Noon


.

.

Finally, a 2nd Ave. Subway | Living City | The New York Times


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NueYp5ShBHw


Introducing the Second Avenue Subway


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fAziJqwjjoU


Second Avenue Subway - The Inaugural Ride


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nZ_IH34swqY



R68 and R160 (N) Trains running via the Second Avenue Line


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4DsGPaorrko


Cab View of Ride

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m9GnDXkpcWA


N Trains rerouted to the Second Avenue Subway

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8izYe8XXlKE


.

Book:


The Routes Not Taken: A Trip Through New York City's Unbuilt Subway

http://tinyurl.com/htejmx2

The Routes Not Taken: A Trip Through New York City's Unbuilt Subway System
Fordham University Press Series
Author Joseph B. Raskin
Edition illustrated, reprint
Publisher Fordham University Press, 2013
ISBN 0823253694, 9780823253692
Length 323 pages

Delves deep into the underbelly of the NYC subway system to reveal the tunnels and stations that might have been. Robert A. Van Wyck, mayor of the greater city of New York, broke ground for the first subway line by City Hall on March 24, 1900. It took four years, six months, and twenty-three days to build the line from City Hall to West 145th Street in Harlem. Things rarely went that quickly ever again. The Routes Not Taken explores the often dramatic stories behind the unbuilt or unfinished subway lines, shedding light on a significant part of New York City's history that has been almost completely ignored until now. Home to one of the world's largest subway systems, New York City made constant efforts to expand its underground labyrinth, efforts that were often met with unexpected obstacles: financial shortfalls, clashing agendas of mayors and borough presidents, battles with local community groups, and much more. After discovering a copy of the 1929 subway expansion map, author Joseph Raskin began his own investigation into the city's underbelly. Using research from libraries, historical societies, and transit agencies throughout the New York metropolitan area, Raskin provides a fascinating history of the Big Apple's unfinished business that until now has been only tantalizing stories retold by public-transit experts. The Routes Not Taken sheds light on the tunnels and stations that were completed for lines that were never fulfilled: the efforts to expand the Hudson tubes into a fullfledged subway; the Flushing line, and why it never made it past Flushing; a platform underneath Brooklyn's Nevins Street station that has remained unused for more than a century; and the 2nd Avenue line long the symbol of dashed dreams deferred countless times since the original plans were presented in 1929. Raskin also reveals the figures and personalities involved, including why Fiorello LaGuardia could not grasp the importance of subway lines and why Robert Moses found them to be old and boring. By focusing on the unbuilt lines, Raskin illustrates how the existing subway system is actually a Herculean feat of countless political compromises. Filled with illustrations of the extravagant expansion plans, The Routes Not Taken provides an enduring contribution to the transportation history of New York City.


.

.


Second Avenue Subway FROM Google Web Search

https://www.google.com/#q=%22second+avenue+subway%22



.

.



Previous Posts on Net-Gold



http://tinyurl.com/zttm2s7



http://tinyurl.com/zayule9


.


TRANSPORTION: RAILROAD: PASSENGER: TRAINS, SUBWAYS:
Stealth Tunneling and the Second Avenue Subway and Grand Central Station

http://tinyurl.com/gqkjucc


.


TRANSPORTATION: SUBWAY : UNITED STATES: CITIES: NEW YORK, NEW YORK : NEW SERVICES:
2nd Avenue Subway Debuts in New York City on New Years Day 2017

http://tinyurl.com/jesmh7s


.

.


WEBBIB1617

http://tinyurl.com/gtdzaq3


.

.



Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

NET-GOLD
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/net-gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/


Research Paper Writing
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
Employment
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
Internships
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
Hospitality
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
Disabilities And Employment
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
Indoor Gardening
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/indoorgardeningurban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/educator-gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/k12adminlife/

Public Health Resources Including Ebola
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

The Russell Conwell Learning Center Research Guide:
Information Literacy
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn


Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (Eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Railtram Discussion Group
from the union pacific to britrail and beyond
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/railtram/info

Indoor Gardening
improve your chances for indoor gardening success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/indoorgardeningurban/

Sport-Med
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

Health Diet Fitness Recreation Sports Tourism
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html




.

.


Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

.

.


















.

.

.




Sincerely,

David Dillard

Temple University

(215) 204 - 4584

jwne@...

http://workface.com/e/daviddillard



Net-Gold
https://groups.io/g/Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Temple University and Google Sites Research Guides
AND Discussion Group Directory
http://tinyurl.com/ngda2hk

OR

https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/

FAKE NEWS
http://guides.temple.edu/fake

RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers

EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide

INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships

HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide

DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557

INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.io/g/indoor-gardening

Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/

K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

STATISTICS SOURCES RESEARCH GUIDE
http://guides.temple.edu/statistics-sources

Social Work and Social Issues Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/social-work

Tourism Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/Tourism

Digital Scholarship Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/DigitalScholarship/threads
https://listserv.temple.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A0=DIGITAL-SCHOLARSHIP
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/digital-scholarship/info
https://digitalscholarshipandscholarlypublication.wordpress.com/


Copyright Research Guide
Copyright, Intellectual Property and Plagiarism Sources
http://guides.temple.edu/copyright-plagiarism

Fair Use
http://guides.temple.edu/fair-use

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html

[webdev] Web Design Update: January 12, 2017

David P. Dillard
 

.





Date: Thu, 12 Jan 2017 06:14:32 -0600
From: Laura Carlson <lcarlson@d.umn.edu>
To: webdev <webdev@d.umn.edu>
Subject: [webdev] Web Design Update: January 12, 2017



+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE.

- Volume 15, Issue 29, January 12, 2017.



An email newsletter to distribute news and information about web
design and development.



++ISSUE 29 CONTENTS.



SECTION ONE: New references.


What's new at the Web Design Reference site?


http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/


New links in these categories:




01: ACCESSIBILITY.

02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.

03: EVALUATION & TESTING.

04: EVENTS.

05: HTML5.

06: INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE.

07: JAVASCRIPT.

08: TOOLS.

09: TYPOGRAPHY.

10: USABILITY.




SECTION TWO:

11: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?



[Contents ends.]




++ SECTION ONE: New references.




+01: ACCESSIBILITY.




Access Board Updates Requirements for Information and Communication Technology
By United States Access Board.

"The Access Board today released a final rule that updates
accessibility requirements for information and communication
technology (ICT) in the federal sector covered by Section 508 of the
Rehabilitation Act. The rule also refreshes guidelines for
telecommunications equipment subject to Section 255 of the
Communications Act..."

https://www.access-board.gov/news/1889-access-board-updates- requirements-for-information-and-communication-technology



WCAG 2.0 AA Is the New Accessibility Standard for Federal Agency Websites

By Minh Vu.

"The federal government has adopted the Web Content Accessibility
Guidelines 2.0 Levels A and AA as its accessibility standard for
federal agency websites, making it very likely that the Department of
Justice will also adopt this standard for public accommodations
websites in its forthcoming regulations..."

http://www.adatitleiii.com/2017/01/wcag-2-0-aa-
is-the-new-accessibility-standard-for-federal-agency-websites/



The Section 508 ICT Refresh Is Finally Here!

By Lily Bond.

"Today, the US Access Board released a final rule updating the
requirements for information and communication technology (ICT)
according to Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act and Section 255 of
the Communication Act..."

http://www.3playmedia.com/2017/01/09/the-section-508-ict-refresh-is-finally-here/



Inclusive By Design

By Philip M Kragnes.

"...This site is intended for anyone interested in inclusive Web
design and covers the following topics: Web
Accessibility...ARIA...Accessible Forms..."

http://inclusive-design.umn.edu/



Grouping Related Form Elements

By Rakesh Paladugula.

"The related elements in a form need to be grouped together..."

http://www.maxability.co.in/2017/01/grouping-related-form-elements/



Accessibility and Me: Molly Watt

By Molly Watt.

"...consider accessibility right at the beginning. It should never be
an 'add-on' at the end..."

https://accessibility.blog.gov.uk/2017/01/09/accessibility-and-me-molly-watt/



Sanctioned Austin ADA Attorney Now Targeting Websites

By David Barer and Kevin Schwaller.

"Attorney claims healthcare websites don't meet standards for the
disability community, according to court filings..."

http://kxan.com/2016/12/21/austin-ada-attorney-now-targeting-websites/



Web Accessibility - The Legal & Litigation Reasons for Breaking Down Barriers

By Ken Nakata.

"In this blog I'd like to review key laws, and anticipated changes,
that are driving a lot of website accessibility litigation. Knowing
about these laws, and which apply to your organization, can help guide
your website accessibility practice..."

http://insight.cryptzone.com/accessibility/web-accessibility-the-legal-litigation-reasons-for-breaking-down-barriers/




+02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.




CSS Selectors: Combinators

By Tiffany Brown.

"The following is an extract from our book, CSS Master, written by
Tiffany B. Brown..."

https://www.sitepoint.com/146220-2/




+03: EVALUATION & TESTING.




Avoiding Hard-to-Answer Questions in User Interviews

By Jim Ross.

"It's so important to know what types of questions people can and
cannot answer correctly."

http://www.uxmatters.com/mt/archives/2017/01/ avoiding-hard-to-answer-questions-in-user-interviews.php



10 Golden Rules of Facilitation

By Jeff Sauro.

"Good facilitation is more than following a script and rules; it's
knowing when and how to apply the rules and when to go off script to
get the right data while balancing the needs of the stakeholders and
participants..."

http://www.measuringu.com/blog/facilitation-rules.php




+04: EVENTS.




Section 508 Refresh
February 2, 2017.
Online
https://www.accessibilityonline.org/ao/session/?id=110588



Front End Design Conference
April 19-21, 2017.
St.Petersburg, Florida, U.S.A.
http://frontenddesignconference.com/



Generate
April 27-28 ,2017.
New York, New York, U.S.A.
https://2017.midwestphp.org/



HOW Design Live
May 2-6, 2017.
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.
http://howdesignlive.com/




+05: HTML5.




Introducing the HTML5 Herald Sample Site

By Louis Lazaris.

"...After we briefly cover what we'll be building, we'll discuss some
HTML5 syntax basics, along with some suggestions for best-practice
coding..."

https://www.sitepoint.com/145702-2/



An HTML5 FAQ

By Louis Lazaris.

"After this quick introduction to HTML5 markup, you probably have a
bunch of questions swirling in your head. Here are some answers to a
few of the likely ones..."

https://www.sitepoint.com/145710-2/




+06: INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE.




Why Wireframes Are Important in the Design Process

By Sara Nagy.

"Wireframing is a quick and effective way to identify usability issues
early on in your design process..."

http://blog.proto.io/wireframes-design-process/



Prototyping Accessibility in Web and Mobile UI Design

By Emily Grace Adiseshiah.

"Adaptable, interactive and coherent prototypes for users with
disabilities. Covering accessibility in the prototyping phase of web
and app design..."

https://www.justinmind.com/blog/ prototyping-accessibility-in-web-and-mobile-ui-design/



+07: JAVASCRIPT.



Differences Between ARIA 1.0 and 1.1: Deprecations and Additions

By Bryan Garaventa.

"...Today's post will include the deprecations and some additions in
ARIA 1.1..."

http://www.ssbbartgroup.com/blog/ differences-aria-1-0-1-1-deprecations-additions/



The ARIA Role Conformance Matrices

By Bryan Garaventa.

"...The purpose of The ARIA Role Conformance Matrices is not to list
all possible attributes that can be used on all available roles, but
rather, to specifically quantify how accessibility is tied into the
usage of ARIA roles, and how associated roles are hierarchically
mapped..."

http://whatsock.com/training/matrices/



clean-code-javascript

By Ryan McDermott.

"Software engineering principles, from Robert C. Martin's book Clean
Code, adapted for JavaScript. This is not a style guide. It's a guide
to producing readable, reusable, and refactorable software in
JavaScript..."

https://github.com/ryanmcdermott/clean-code-javascript




+08: TOOLS.




Lorem Ipsum Generator

By Alex Dixon.

"Quickly generate custom placeholder text from the classic Lorem Ipsum passage."

https://loremipsumgenerator.com




+09: TYPOGRAPHY.




What's the Best Font Size for the Web? Well, It Depends...

By Robert Mohns.

"I recently found a fun visualization tool, SizeCalc.com, that shows
you the perceived size of an object based on your viewing distance..."

https://www.imarc.com/blog/best-font-size-for-any-device



The Futures of Typography

By Robin Rendle.

"...I think that we ought to make compromises in our designs because
as typographers our job is not to make a beautiful interface with the
most elegant typesetting imaginable; I think that before we can make
typography beautiful we must first make it resilient..."

https://robinrendle.com/essays/futures-of-typography/




+10: USABILITY.




The 'Credit Card Number' Field Must Allow and Auto-Format Spaces (80% Don't)

By Christian Holst.

"Typing a 15-16 long string of numbers without a single error can be
challenging for most users – yet, it’s what all users have to do
during the checkout flow as they reach the ‘Credit Card Number’ form
field..."

http://baymard.com/blog/credit-card-field-auto-format-spaces



Usability and Accessibility a Comparative Study

By Rakesh Paladugula.

"Before we compare, let us understand the definitions of usability and
accessibility for web..."

http://www.maxability.co.in/2017/01/ usability-and-accessibility-a-comparative-study/



How Functional Animation Helps Improve User Experience

By Nick Babich.

"..Good UI animations have a purpose; they are meaningful, and
functional. In this article, we’ll talk about the role of functional
animation in UX design and see when to incorporate motion into a
design..."

https://www.smashingmagazine.com/2017/01/ how-functional-animation-helps-improve-user-experience/



Designing User Interfaces for My Mother

By Tony Gines.

"Takeaways for keeping your interface friendly to the friendliest of
people. My mother..."

https://blog.marvelapp.com/designing-user-interfaces-mother/





[Section one ends.]





++ SECTION TWO:




+11: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?




Accessibility Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/accessibility.html



Association Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/associations.html



Book Listings.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/books.html



Cascading Style Sheets Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/css.html



Color Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/color.html



Drupal Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/drupal.html



Evaluation & Testing Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/testing.html



Event Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/events.html



HTML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/html.html



Information Architecture Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/architecture.html



JavaScript Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/javascript.html



Miscellaneous Web Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/misc.html



Navigation Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/navigation.html



PHP Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/php.html



Sites & Blogs Listing.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/sites.html



Standards, Guidelines & Pattern Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/standards.html



Tool Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/tools.html



Typography Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/type.html



Usability Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/usability.html



XML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/xml.html



[Section two ends.]




++END NOTES.




+ SUBSCRIPTION INFO.



WEB DESIGN UPDATE is available by subscription. For information on how
to subscribe and unsubscribe please visit:


http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/webdev_listserv.html


The Web Design Reference Site also has a RSS 2.0 feed for site updates.





+ TEXT EMAIL NEWSLETTER (TEN).




As a navigation aid for screen readers we do our best to conform to
the accessible Text Email Newsletter (TEN) guidelines. Please let me
know if there is anything else we can do to make navigation easier.


For TEN guideline information please visit:


http://www.headstar.com/ten





+ SIGN OFF.




Until next time,




Laura L. Carlson

Information Technology Systems and Services

University of Minnesota Duluth

Duluth, MN U.S.A. 55812-3009

mailto:lcarlson@d.umn.edu





[Issue ends.]




.


.

UNITED STATES: POLITICS: POLITICAL PARTIES: REPUBLICAN PARTY, TEA PARTY : INDUSTRIES: PETROLEUM : LIBERTARIANISM : BLATANT FALSEHOODS: How a Sensational, Unverified Dossier Became a Crisis for Donald Trump

David P. Dillard
 

.

.


UNITED STATES: POLITICS: POLITICAL PARTIES: REPUBLICAN PARTY, TEA PARTY :

INDUSTRIES: PETROLEUM :

LIBERTARIANISM :

BLATANT FALSEHOODS:

How a Sensational, Unverified Dossier Became a Crisis for Donald Trump

.

.


How a Sensational, Unverified Dossier Became a Crisis for Donald Trump

By SCOTT SHANE, NICHOLAS CONFESSORE and MATTHEW ROSENBERG

January 11, 2017

New York Times

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/11/us/politics/ donald-trump-russia-intelligence.html

.

A shorter URL for the above link:

.

http://tinyurl.com/j6bzwpo

.

.


WASHINGTON Seven months ago, a respected former British spy named Christopher Steele won a contract to build a file on Donald J. Trumps ties to Russia. Last week, the explosive details unsubstantiated accounts of frolics with prostitutes, real estate deals that were intended as bribes and coordination with Russian intelligence of the hacking of Democrats were summarized for Mr. Trump in an appendix to a top-secret intelligence report.

.

The consequences have been incalculable and will play out long past Inauguration Day. Word of the summary, which was also given to President Obama and congressional leaders, leaked to CNN Tuesday, and the rest of the media followed with sensational reports.

.

Mr. Trump denounced the unproven claims Wednesday as a fabrication, a Nazi-style smear concocted by sick people. It has further undermined his relationship with the intelligence agencies and cast a shadow over the new administration.

.

Late Wednesday night, after speaking with Mr. Trump, James R. Clapper Jr., the director of national intelligence, issued a statement decrying leaks about the matter and saying of Mr. Steeles dossier that the intelligence agencies have not made any judgment that the information in this document is reliable. Mr. Clapper suggested that intelligence officials had nonetheless shared it to give policymakers the fullest possible picture of any matters that might affect national security.

.

Parts of the story remain out of reach most critically the basic question of how much, if anything, in the dossier is true. But it is possible to piece together a rough narrative of what led to the current crisis, including lingering questions about the ties binding Mr. Trump and his team to Russia. The episode also offers a glimpse of the hidden side of presidential campaigns, involving private sleuths-for-hire looking for the worst they can find about the next American leader.

.

The story began in September 2015, when a wealthy Republican donor who strongly opposed Mr. Trump put up the money to hire a Washington research firm run by former journalists, Fusion GPS, to compile a dossier about the real estate magnates past scandals and weaknesses, according to a person familiar with the effort. The person described the opposition research work on condition of anonymity, citing the volatile nature of the story and the likelihood of future legal disputes. The identity of the donor is unclear.

.

Fusion GPS, headed by a former Wall Street Journal journalist known for his dogged reporting, Glenn Simpson, most often works for business clients. But in presidential elections, the firm is sometimes hired by candidates, party organizations or donors to do political oppo work shorthand for opposition research on the side.

.

snip

.

After Mr. Trump emerged as the presumptive nominee in the spring, the Republican interest in financing the effort ended. But Democratic supporters of Hillary Clinton were very interested, and Fusion GPS kept doing the same deep dives, but on behalf of new clients.

.

In June, the tenor of the effort suddenly changed. The Washington Post reported that the Democratic National Committee had been hacked, apparently by Russian government agents, and a mysterious figure calling himself Guccifer 2.0 began to publish the stolen documents online.


.

.

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

.

.



Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jwne@...
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
https://groups.io/g/Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Temple University and Google Sites Research Guides
AND Discussion Group Directory
http://tinyurl.com/ngda2hk

OR

https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/

FAKE NEWS
http://guides.temple.edu/fake

RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers

EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide

INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships

HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide

DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557

INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.io/g/indoor-gardening

Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/

K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

STATISTICS SOURCES RESEARCH GUIDE
http://guides.temple.edu/statistics-sources

Social Work and Social Issues Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/social-work

Tourism Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/Tourism

Digital Scholarship Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/DigitalScholarship/threads
https://listserv.temple.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A0=DIGITAL-SCHOLARSHIP
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/digital-scholarship/info
https://digitalscholarshipandscholarlypublication.wordpress.com/


Copyright Research Guide
Copyright, Intellectual Property and Plagiarism Sources
http://guides.temple.edu/copyright-plagiarism

Fair Use
http://guides.temple.edu/fair-use

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
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HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html







.

.


Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

.

.

MEDIA LITERACY : EDUCATION: K-12 : JOURNAL ARTICLES : BIBLIOGRAPHIES: A Selection of Journal Articles about Elementary and Secondary Education and Media Literacy

David P. Dillard
 




.


.

 

 

MEDIA LITERACY :

 

EDUCATION: K-12 :

 

JOURNAL ARTICLES :

 

BIBLIOGRAPHIES:

 

A Selection of Journal Articles about Elementary and Secondary Education and Media Literacy

 

 

.

.

 

WEBBIB1617

 

http://tinyurl.com/hetcykm

.

.

 

 

 

Hobbs, Renee.

Reading the Media: Media Literacy in High School English.

Teachers College Press.

1234 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10027, 2007.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hwwvh6x

 

 

 

*

 

 

Alvermann, Donna E., Jennifer S. Moon, and Margaret C. Hagood.

Popular Culture in the Classroom:

Teaching and Researching Critical Media Literacy.

Literacy Studies Series.

International Reading Association,

800 Barksdale Road, PO Box 8139,

Newark, DE 19714-8139;

Web site: http://www. reading. org, 1999.

 

http://tinyurl.com/jq3u58c

 

 

 

*

 

 

Hobbs, Renee.

"The Seven Great Debates in the Media Literacy Movement."

Journal of communication 48, no. 1 (1998): 16-32.

 

http://tinyurl.com/zvl7xce

 

 

*

 

 

Irving, Lori M., Julie DuPen, and Susan Berel.

"A Media Literacy Program for High School Females."

Eating Disorders 6, no. 2 (1998): 119-131.

 

http://tinyurl.com/j67wm4d

 

 

 

*

 

 

Aufderheide, Patricia. Media Literacy.

A Report of the National Leadership Conference on Media Literacy.

Aspen Institute, Communications and Society Program,

1755 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Suite 501, Washington, DC 20036., 1993.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hfwdqfh

 

 

*

 

 

Christ, William G., and W. James Potter.

"Media Literacy, Media Education, and the Academy."

Journal of communication 48, no. 1 (1998): 5-15.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hfwdqfh

 

 

*

 

 

Hobbs, Renee.

"A Review of School-Based Initiatives in Media Literacy Education."

American Behavioral Scientist 48, no. 1 (2004): 42-59.

 

http://tinyurl.com/z5pja6k

 

 

*

 

 

Kellner, Douglas, and Jeff Share.

"Critical Media Literacy, Democracy, and the Reconstruction of Education."

Media literacy: A reader (2007): 3-23.

 

http://tinyurl.com/z5pja6k

 

 

 

*

 

 

"Digital and Media Literacy:  A Plan of Action."

The Aspen Institute (2010).

 

http://tinyurl.com/gshoy2f

 

 

 

*

 

 

Considine, David M., and Gail E. Haley.

Visual Messages: Integrating Imagery into Instruction.

A Media Literacy Resource for Teachers.

Teacher Ideas Press, PO Box 6633, Englewood, CO 80155-6633, 1999.

 

http://tinyurl.com/jkn5p92

 

 

 

*

 

 

Lewis, Justin, and Sut Jhally.

"The Struggle over Media Literacy."

Journal of communication 48, no. 1 (1998): 109-120.

 

http://tinyurl.com/jxvmxcj

 

 

 

*

 

 

Scheibe, Cynthia L.

"A Deeper Sense of Literacy Curriculum-Driven Approaches

to Media Literacy in the K-12 Classroom."

American Behavioral Scientist 48, no. 1 (2004): 60-68.

 

http://tinyurl.com/zexsrxg

 

 

 

*

 

 

Media Literacy and the K-12 Content Areas

Authors Renee Hobbs

First published: 4 March 2005

DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7984.2005.00006.x

Volume 104, Issue 1

April 2005

Pages 74–99

Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education

 

http://tinyurl.com/hkcpdsk

 

 

 

*

 

 

Kahne, Joseph, Nam-Jin Lee, and Jessica Timpany Feezell.

"Digital Media Literacy Education and Online Civic and Political Participation."

International Journal of Communication 6 (2012): 24.

 

http://tinyurl.com/ho2ycrk

 

 

 

*

 

 

Considine, David M., and Gail E. Haley.

Visual Messages: Integrating Imagery into Instruction.

A Teacher Resource for Media and Visual Literacy.

Teacher Ideas Press, a Division of Libraries Unlimited, Inc.,

PO Box 6633, Englewood, CO 80155-6633, 1992.

 

http://tinyurl.com/jkn5p92

 

 

 

*

 

 

Galician, Mary-Lou.

"Introduction: High Time for" dis-illusioning" Ourselves and Our Media:

Media Literacy in the 21st Century, Part I: Strategies for Schools

(K-12 and Higher Education)." American behavioral scientist (2004).

 

http://tinyurl.com/hp9q3ym

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

Gonzales, Rachel, Deborah Glik, Mehrnaz Davoudi, and Alfonso Ang.

 "Media Literacy and Public Health

Integrating Theory, Research, and Practice for Tobacco Control."

American Behavioral Scientist 48, no. 2 (2004): 189-201.

 

http://tinyurl.com/gqbkdnq

 

 

 

*

 

 

Alvermann, Donna E. Adolescents' Online Literacies: Connecting Classrooms, Digital Media, and Popular Culture. Vol. 39. Peter Lang, 2010.

 

http://tinyurl.com/z9dtjhu

 

 

 

*

 

 

Levine, Micheal P., Niva Piran, and Charlie Stoddard.

"Mission more probable:

Media Literacy, Activism, and Advocacy as Primary Prevention."

Preventing Eating Disorders: A Handbook of Interventions and Special Challenges

(1999): 3-25.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hxkpuud

 

 

 

*

 

 

Thomas, Nancy Pickering.

Information Literacy and Information Skills Instruction:

Applying Research to Practice in the School Library Media Center.

Libraries Unltd Incorporated, 2004.

 

http://tinyurl.com/ztnx5p3

 

 

 

*

 

 

Hobbs, Renee, and Amy Jensen.

"The Past, Present, and Future of Media Literacy Education."

Journal of Media Literacy Education 1, no. 1 (2013): 1.

 

http://tinyurl.com/z2bdo3w

 

 

 

*

 

 

Alvermann, Donna E., and Margaret C. Hagood.

"Fandom and Critical Media Literacy."

Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy

43, no. 5 (2000): 436-446.

 

http://tinyurl.com/htzsrhv

 

 

 

*

 

 

Tyner, Kathleen, ed.

Media Literacy: New Agendas in Communication.

Routledge, 2009.

 

http://tinyurl.com/jnlxx44

 

 

 

*

 

 

Scharrer, Erica.

"Making a Case for Media Literacy in the Curriculum:

Outcomes and assessment."

Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy 46, no. 4 (2002): 354.

 

http://tinyurl.com/z2hcmze

 

 

 

*

 

 

Thoman, Elizabeth, and Tessa Jolls.

"Media Literacy—A National Priority for a Changing World."

American Behavioral Scientist 48, no. 1 (2004): 18-29.

 

http://tinyurl.com/jdpgqy3

 

 

 

*

 

 

Koltay, Tibor.

"The Media and the Literacies: Media Literacy, Information Literacy, Digital Literacy."

Media, Culture and Society 33, no. 2 (2011): 211-221.

 

http://tinyurl.com/zmc7pb8

 

 

 

*

 

 

Hobbs, Renee.

“Digital and Media Literacy: Connecting Culture and Classroom.”

Corwin Press, 2011.

 

http://tinyurl.com/zau838q

 

 

 

*

 

 

Potter, W. James.

"The State of Media Literacy."

Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media 54, no. 4 (2010): 675-696.

 

http://tinyurl.com/j3qthpg

 

 

 

*

 

 

De Abreu, Belinha S.

Media Literacy, Social Networking, and the Web 2.0 Environment

for the K-12 Educator.

Peter Lang Publishing, 2011.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hjfoyha

 

 

*

 

 

National Communication Association.

Competent Communicators:

K-12 Speaking, Listening, and Media Literacy

Standards and Competency Statements. 1998.

 

http://tinyurl.com/zuftz2n

 

 

 

*

 

 

Hobbs, Renee, and Richard Frost.
"Instructional Practices in Media Literacy Education
and Their Impact on Students’ Learning."
Atlantic Journal of Communication 6, no. 2 (1998): 123-148.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hgbred5

 

 

 

*

 

 

Alvermann, Donna E.

"Effective Literacy Instruction for Adolescents."

Journal of literacy Research 34, no. 2 (2002): 189-208.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hh3aa4a

 

 

 

*

 

 

Singer, Dorothy G., and Jerome L. Singer.

"Developing Critical Viewing Skills and Media Literacy in Children."

The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science

557, no. 1 (1998): 164-179.

 

http://tinyurl.com/zgofkaw

 

 

 

*

 

 

Primack, Brian A., Melanie A. Gold, Stephanie R. Land, and Michael J. Fine.

"Association of Cigarette Smoking and Media Literacy

about Smoking among Adolescents."

Journal of Adolescent Health 39, no. 4 (2006): 465-472.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hedlody

 

 

 

*

 

 

Christ, William G.

"Assessment, Media Literacy Standards, and Higher Education."

American Behavioral Scientist 48, no. 1 (2004): 92-96.

 

http://tinyurl.com/gtys4be

 

 

 

*

 

 

Hobbs, Renee.

"Keynote Empowering Learners with Digital and Media Literacy."

Knowledge Quest 39, no. 5 (2011): 13.

 

http://tinyurl.com/zb2n6ya

 

 

*

 

 

 

Hobbs, Renee.

 "Media Literacy, General Semantics, and K-12 Education."

 ETC: A review of general semantics 61, no. 1 (2004): 24-28.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hy73osn

 

 

 

*

 

 

Lloyd-Kolkin, Donna, and Kathleen Tyner.

"Media Literacy Education Needs for Elementary Schools: A Survey." (1988).

 

http://tinyurl.com/jo2h5dn

 

 

 

*

 

 

McBrien, J. Lynn.

"New Texts, New Tools: An Argument for Media Literacy."

Educational Leadership 57, no. 2 (1999): 76-79.

 

http://tinyurl.com/htnmy56

 

 

*

 

 

Bergsma, Lynda J., and Mary E. Carney.

"Effectiveness of Health-Promoting Media Literacy Education:

A Systematic Review."

Health Education Research 23, no. 3 (2008): 522-542.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hzg6nrs

 

 

 

*

 

 

Torres, Myriam, and María Mercado.
"The Need for Critical Media Literacy in Teacher Education Core Curricula."
Educational Studies 39, no. 3 (2006): 260-282.

 

http://tinyurl.com/z6uwsyk

 

 

 

*

 

 

Wilksch, Simon M., Mitchell R. Durbridge, and Tracey D. Wade.

"A Preliminary Controlled Comparison of Programs Designed

to Reduce Risk of Eating Disorders Targeting Perfectionism

and Media Literacy."

Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

47, no. 8 (2008): 939-947.

 

http://tinyurl.com/jpteaqc

 

 

 

*

 

 

Schwarz, Gretchen, and Pamela U. Brown, eds.

Media Literacy: Transforming Curriculum and Teaching.

Vol. 101. NSSE, 2005.

 

http://tinyurl.com/zj5rwbn

 

 

*

 

 

*

 

 

 

.

.

WEBBIB1617

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CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE : POLICE BRUTALITY : UNITED STATES: CITIES: BALTIMORE, MARYLAND : UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: JUSTICE DEPARTMENT : REFORM: Baltimore Officials and Justice Department Announce Agreement to Revamp Police Practices

David P. Dillard
 

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CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE :

POLICE BRUTALITY :

UNITED STATES: CITIES: BALTIMORE, MARYLAND :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: JUSTICE DEPARTMENT :

REFORM:

Baltimore Officials and Justice Department Announce Agreement
to Revamp Police Practices

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.


Baltimore Officials and Justice Department Announce Agreement
to Revamp Police Practices

By Ann E. Marimow

January 12, 2017 at 7:49 PM

Washington Post

https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/public-safety/baltimore-
officials-and-doj-announce-agreement-to-revamp-police-practices/
2017/01/12/14681c4a-d8de-11e6-9a36-1d296534b31e_story.html

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A shorter URL for the above link:

.

http://tinyurl.com/j3zcj9n

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Baltimore officials on Thursday announced an agreement with the Justice Department to revamp the citys police department in an effort to end years of troubling practices uncovered after the death of Freddie Gray.

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Attorney General Loretta E. Lynch and Baltimore Mayor Catherine E. Pugh outlined significant moves to overhaul training of the citys police officers to prevent discriminatory policing and the use of excessive force.

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The 227-page agreement, known as a consent decree, was approved by the city government and filed in U.S. District Court on Thursday. The court-enforceable agreement must be approved by a federal judge.

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The citys police department has begun some critical reform, but we know there is much more to be done, Pugh said during a news conference, flanked by Lynch and Baltimore Police Commissioner Kevin Davis.

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The announcement comes in the final stretch of the Obama administration, which has made ending heavy-handed and biased police practices a signature issue. Lynch has pushed to secure legally binding reform agreements with other cities, including Chicago and Ferguson, Mo.

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President-elect Donald Trump has expressed support for more aggressive policing tactics. His pick to lead the Justice Department, Sen. Jeff Sessions (R-Ala.), has declined to say whether he would leave any agreements from the Obama administration unchanged.

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Lynch said Thursday that the consent decree is binding and will live on.

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The changes will help ensure effective and constitutional policing, restore the communitys trust in law enforcement, and advance public and officer safety, she said in a statement.

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The agreement follows months of negotiations and comes after the Justice Department released a report in August alleging that Baltimore police had engaged in a pattern of using excessive force, making stops, searches and arrests without necessary justification and were disproportionately stopping African Americans.

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Lynch took over as attorney general on the day of Grays funeral. The 25-year-olds death from injuries suffered in police custody sparked riots in Baltimore in April 2015, and led to the investigation.



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The complete article may be read at the URL above.

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Investigation of the Chicago Police Department

David P. Dillard
 

Investigation of the Chicago Police Department


United States Department of Justice
Civil Rights Division
and
United States Attorneys Office
Northern District of Illinois
January 13, 2017


https://www.justice.gov/opa/file/925846/download


TABLE OF CONTENTS


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1


I. BACKGROUND
16


A. Chicago, Illinois 16


B. Chicago Police Department
17


C. Chicagos Accountability Systems
18


D. Historical Background of Reform in Chicago
18


E. Federal Involvement in Chicago 20


F. Investigation of the Chicago Police Department
21


II. CPD ENGAGES IN A PATTERN OR PRACTICE OF UNCONSTITUTIONAL
USE OF FORCE
22


A. CPD Uses Deadly Force in Violation of the Fourth Amendment and Department Policy
25


B. CPD Uses Less-Lethal Force in Violation of the Fourth Amendment and
Department Policy
32


C. Video Evidence Suggests a Broader Pattern or Practice of Unconstitutional Use of
Force 36


D. CPD Does Not Effectively Use Crisis Intervention Techniques to Reduce the Need for Force 37


E. CPDs Failure to Accurately Document and Meaningfully Review Officers Use of Force Perpetuates a Pattern of Unreasonable Force 41


F. CPDs New De-escalation Training and Proposed Policy Revisions Should be
Expanded and Sustained
45


III. CHICAGOS DEFICIENT ACCOUNTABILITY SYSTEMS CONTRIBUTE TO
CPDS PATTERN OR PRACTICE OF UNCONSTITUTIONAL CONDUCT
46


A. Chicagos Systems for Investigating Police Conduct 48


B. The City Has Put in Place Policies and Practices that Impede the Investigation of Officer Misconduct
50


C. Investigations That CPD Does Conduct Are Neither Complete Nor Fair
56


D. Insufficient Staffing Contributes to IPRAs Investigative Deficiencies 71


E. Investigations Lack Timely Resolutions, Undermining the Quality of Investigations and Credibility of the Process
72


F. CPD and the City Do Not Take Sufficient Steps to Prevent Officers
from Deliberately Concealing Misconduct 74


G. The Citys Discipline System Lacks Integrity and Does Not Effectively Deter Misconduct 80


H. Chicagos Police Board 84
ii



I. The Citys Police Accountability Ordinance and Similar Efforts to Correct the Problems Our Investigation Identified 92


IV. CPD DOES NOT PROVIDE OFFICERS WITH SUFFICIENT DIRECTION,
SUPERVISION, OR SUPPORT TO ENSURE LAWFUL AND EFFECTIVE
POLICING
93


A. Training 93


B. Supervision
105


C. Officer Wellness and Safety
118


D. Data Collection and Transparency 124


E. Promotions
129


V. CPD MUST BETTER SUPPORT AND INCENTIVIZE POLICING THAT IS LAWFUL AND RESTORES TRUST AMONG CHICAGOS MARGINALIZED COMMUNITIES
134


A. CPDs Move to Restore True Community Policing Will Be Difficult But Is
Promising
136


B. CPD Must Change Practices to Restore Trust and Ensure Lawful Policing
139


C. A Trust-Building, Community-Focused Approach to Policing Will Better Promote Lawful Policing and Public Safety
150


VI. RECOMMENDATIONS
150


A. Use of Force 151


B. Accountability 154


C. Training 156


D. Supervision
156


E. Officer Wellness and Safety
157


F. Data Collection and Transparency 158


G. Promotions
159


H. Community Policing
160



EXECUTIVE SUMMARY



On December 7, 2015, the United States Department of Justice (DOJ), Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section, and the United States Attorneys Office for the Northern District of Illinois, jointly initiated an investigation of the City of Chicagos Police Department (CPD) and the Independent Police Review Authority (IPRA). This investigation was undertaken to determine whether the Chicago Police Department is engaging in a pattern or practice of unlawful conduct and, if so, what systemic deficiencies or practices within CPD, IPRA, and the City might be facilitating or causing this pattern or practice.



Our investigation assessed CPDs use of force, including deadly force, and addressed CPD policies, training, reporting, investigation, and review related to officer use of force. The investigation further addressed CPDs and IPRAs systems of accountability both as they relate to officer use of force and officer misconduct, including the intake, investigation, and review of allegations of officer misconduct, and the imposition of discipline or other corrective action. We also investigated racial, ethnic, or other disparities in CPDs force and accountability practices, and assessed how those disparities inform the breakdown in community trust.



We opened this investigation pursuant to the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, 42 U.S.C. 14141 (Section 14141), Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. 2000d (Title VI), and the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, 42 U.S.C. 3789d (Safe Streets Act). Section 14141 prohibits law enforcement agencies from engaging in a pattern or practice of conduct that violates the Constitution or laws of the United States. Title VI and its implementing regulations and the Safe Streets Act prohibit law enforcement practices that have a disparate impact based on protected status, such as race or ethnicity, unless these practices are necessary to achieve legitimate, non-discriminatory objectives.



This investigation was initiated as Chicago grappled with the aftermath of the release of a video showing a white police officer fatally shooting black teenager Laquan McDonald. This aftermath included protests, murder charges for the involved officer, and the resignation of Chicagos police superintendent. The McDonald incident was widely viewed as a tipping pointigniting longstanding concerns about CPD officers use of force, and the Citys systems for detecting and correcting the unlawful use of force. Over the year-plus since release of that video, and while we have been conducting this investigation, Chicago experienced a surge in shootings and homicides. The reasons for this spike are broadly debated and inarguably complex. But on two points there is little debate. First, for decades, certain neighborhoods on Chicagos South and West Sides have been disproportionately ravaged by gun violence. Those same neighborhoods have borne the brunt of the recent surge of violence. And second, for Chicago to find solutionsshort- and long-term for making those neighborhoods safe, it is imperative that the City rebuild trust between CPD and the people it serves, particularly in these communities. The City and CPD acknowledge that this trust has been broken, despite the diligent efforts and brave actions of countless CPD officers. It has been broken by systems that have allowed CPD officers who violate the law to escape accountability. This breach in trust has in turn eroded CPDs ability to effectively


2


prevent crime; in other words, trust and effectiveness in combating violent crime are inextricably intertwined.



The aim of this investigation was to conduct a thorough, independent, and fair assessment of CPDs and IPRAs practices. To accomplish this goal, we relied on several sources of information.



First, we reviewed thousands of pages of documents provided to us by CPD, IPRA, and the City, including policies, procedures, training plans, Department orders and memos, internal and external reports, and more. We also obtained access to the Citys entire misconduct complaint database and data from all reports filled out following officers use of force. From there, we reviewed a randomized, representative sample of force reports and investigative files for incidents that occurred between January 2011 and April 2016, as well as additional incident reports and investigations. Overall, we reviewed over 170 officer-involved shooting investigations, and documents related to over 425 incidents of less-lethal force.



We also spent extensive time in Chicagoover 300 person-daysmeeting with community members and City officials, and interviewing current and former CPD officers and IPRA investigators. In addition to speaking with the Superintendent and other CPD leadership, we met with the command staff of several specialized units, divisions, and departments. We toured CPDs training facilities and observed training programs. We also visited each of Chicagos 22 police districts, where we addressed roll call, spoke with command staff and officers, and conducted over 60 ride-alongs with officers. We met several times with Chicagos officer union, Lodge No. 7 of the Fraternal Order of Police, as well as the sergeants, lieutenants, and captains unions. All told, we heard from over 340 individual CPD members, and 23 members of IPRAs staff. Our findings were also significantly informed by our conversations with members of the Chicago community. We met with over ninety community organizations, including non-profits, advocacy and legal organizations, and faith-based groups focused on a wide range of issues. We participated in several community forums in different neighborhoods throughout Chicago where we heard directly from the family members of individuals who were killed by CPD officers and others who shared their insights and experiences. We also met with several local researchers, academics, and lawyers who have studied CPD extensively for decades. Most importantly, however, we heard directly from individuals who live and work throughout the City about their interactions with CPD officers. Overall, we talked to approximately a thousand community members. We received nearly 600 phone calls, emails, and letters from individuals who were eager to provide their experiences and insights.



In addition to attorneys, paralegals, outreach specialists, and data analysts from the Civil Rights Division of the United States Department of Justice and the United States Attorneys Office for the Northern District of Illinois, 11 independent subject-matter experts assisted with this investigation. Most of these experts are current or former law enforcement officials from police departments across the country. Accordingly, these experts have decades of expertise in areas such as the use of force, accountability, training, supervision, community policing, officerinvolved domestic violence and sexual misconduct, officer wellness, and more. These experts


3


accompanied us on-site, reviewed documents and investigative files, and provided invaluable insights that informed both the course of this investigation and its conclusions.



During the year it took us to complete this investigation, the City of Chicago took action of its own. Following the release of dashboard-camera video capturing the death of Laquan McDonald, Mayor Rahm Emanuel established the Police Accountability Task Force (PATF).



The Mayor charged the PATF with assessing the Police Department and making recommendations for change in five areas: community relations; oversight and accountability; de-escalation; early intervention and personnel concerns; and video release protocols. In April 2016, the PATF issued a report with over a hundred recommendations for improving transparency and accountability. In December of 2016, the City issued a progress report outlining the steps it has taken since April to meet the recommendations made by the PATF. Perhaps most significantly, the City passed an ordinance creating the Civilian Office of Police Accountability (COPA), which is scheduled to replace IPRA in 2017. The ordinance also establishes a Deputy Inspector General for Public Safety, who is charged with auditing the entire police accountability system and identifying patterns that violate residents constitutional rights.



In June of 2016, the City issued a new transparency policy mandating the release of videos and other materials related to certain officer misconduct investigations. CPD also pledged to establish an anonymous hotline for CPD members to report misconduct; began an ambitious process to develop an early intervention system; and developed a draft disciplinary matrix to guide CPD in assigning appropriate discipline for various misconduct violations.



The City embarked on other initiatives during our investigation that are intended to improve policing in Chicago. In early 2016, the City began a pilot program for body-worn cameras, and reported recently that the expansion of the program will be accelerated so that all officers will be wearing these cameras by the end of 2017. In the last few months, CPD began an important force mitigation/de-escalation training course for officers, and revised several policies related to use of force. The City also committed to providing additional training on how officers and emergency dispatchers respond to individuals in mental health crisis, and to improving CPDs training more broadly. As part of its efforts to engage community members and improve police-community relations, the City established a Community Policing Advisory Panel that will help develop a new strategic plan for community policing.



The City is also undertaking recruitment efforts aimed at increasing CPDs diversity, and recently retained a consultant to complete a staffing analysis to inform deployment decisions Department-wide.



Many of these planned or implemented reforms are discussed in detail in this Report, alongside our assessment of their impact on the problems our investigation found, and whether CPD and the City need to go further. As noted, while our investigation was underway and the City moved forward with some reforms, Chicago experienced an unprecedented surge in shootings and homicides. In 2016, there were 762 homicides, nearly 300 more than the previous year and, according to the draft of a new study from the University of Chicago Crime Lab, the largest single-year homicide increase of the last 25 years among the five most populous United States cities.



Overall, there were 3,550 shootings, with 4,331 shooting victims, in Chicago in 2016, approximately 1,100 more than in 2015. While shootings and homicides occurred in all parts of the City, they were largely


4


concentrated in Chicagos South Side and West Side neighborhoods. Homicide clearance rates, the rate at which police identify the suspected killer, continued their years-long slide, with CPD clearing only 29% of all homicides, less than half the national clearance rate.



During our investigation, DOJ has enhanced its assistance with CPDs reform and violence-reduction efforts. DOJ has allocated additional funding to CPD to support its efforts, provided technical assistance, and continued and expanded its cooperation through DOJs Violence Reduction Network (VRN), an innovative approach to support and enhance local violence reduction efforts. Since December 2014, CPD and DOJ, through the United States Attorneys Office in Chicago, have hosted nine Community Trust Roundtables across Chicagos most violence-plagued neighborhoods. These recent efforts build on the foundation of DOJs longstanding collaborative initiatives with CPD.



It has never been more important to rebuild trust for the police within Chicagos neighborhoods most challenged by violence, poverty, and unemployment. As discussed below and throughout our Report, Chicago must undergo broad, fundamental reform to restore this trust. This will be difficult, but will benefit both the public and CPDs own officers. The increased trust these reforms will build is necessary to solve and prevent violent crime. And the conduct and practices that restore trust will also carry out an equally important public service: demonstrating to communities racked with violence that their police force cares about them and has not abandoned them, regardless of where they live or the color of their skin. That confidence is broken in many neighborhoods in Chicago.



At the same time, many CPD officers feel abandoned by the public and often by their own Department. We found profoundly low morale nearly every place we went within CPD.



Officers generally feel that they are insufficiently trained and supported to do their work effectively. Our investigation indicates that both CPDs lawfulness and effectiveness can be vastly improved if the City and CPD make the changes necessary to consistently incentivize and reward effective, ethical, and active policing. While it will take time and concerted focus to implement all of the necessary changes, a strong sign of a genuine and unalterable commitment to such change could increase officer morale more quickly, especially among the countless good officers within CPD who police diligently every day, and who disapprove of some officer conduct they seeand many of whom quietly told us how eager they are for the kind of change that can come only from an investigation like the one we have just completed. It is within this current climate, and with these challenges in mind, that we conducted our investigation and make the following findings.



Force We reviewed CPDs force practices mindful that officers routinely place themselves in harms way in order to uphold their commitment to serve and protect the people of the City of Chicago, and that officers regularly encounter individuals who may be armed and determined to avoid arrest. We likewise recognize that officers have not only a right, but an obligation, to protect themselves and others from threats of harm, including deadly harm, which may arise in an instant.


5


But even within this context, we, in consultation with several active law enforcement experts, found that CPD officers engage in a pattern or practice of using force, including deadly force, that is unreasonable. We found further that CPD officers force practices unnecessarily endanger themselves and others and result in unnecessary and avoidable shootings and other uses of force.



As discussed throughout this Report, this pattern is largely attributable to systemic deficiencies within CPD and the City. CPD has not provided officers with adequate guidance to understand how and when they may use force, or how to safely and effectively control and resolve encounters to reduce the need to use force. CPD also has failed to hold officers accountable when they use force contrary to CPD policy or otherwise commit misconduct. This failure to hold officers accountable results in some officers remaining with the Department when they should have been relieved of duty. These officers often continue their misconduct including, at times, again using unreasonable deadly force. More broadly, these failures result in officers not having the skills or tools necessary to use force wisely and lawfully, and they send a dangerous message to officers and the public that unreasonable force by CPD officers will be tolerated. We found further that CPDs failure to meaningfully and routinely review or investigate officer use of force is a significant factor in perpetuating the practices that result in the pattern of unlawful conduct we found. Each of these causal factors is discussed further in this Summary and the accompanying Report.




Our finding that CPD engages in a pattern or practice of force in violation of the Constitution is based on a comprehensive investigation of CPDs force practices and a close analysis of hundreds of individual force incidents. We reviewed CPDs policies related to the use, reporting, and investigation of force, including older versions of polices that were effective during our review period, and CPDs proposed revised policies. We spoke with officers at all ranks, including the Superintendent and the Chief and Deputy Chief of the Bureau of Patrol, to understand how officers are trained to use force, their view of when force is appropriate, and how the policies are interpreted in practice throughout CPD. We also did an in-depth review of officer reports of force, civilian complaints of force, and CPDs and IPRAs review of force, and investigations of allegations of excessive force. We reviewed all documents we were provided related to over 425 incidents of less-lethal force, including representative samples of officers own reports of force, and of investigations of civilian complaints about officer force between January 2011 and April 2016. We also reviewed over 170 files related to officer-involved shootings.



The pattern of unlawful force we found resulted from a collection of poor police practices that our investigation indicated are used routinely within CPD. We found that officers engage in tactically unsound and unnecessary foot pursuits, and that these foot pursuits too often end with officers unreasonably shooting someoneincluding unarmed individuals. We found that officers shoot at vehicles without justification and in contradiction to CPD policy. We found further that officers exhibit poor discipline when discharging their weapons and engage in tactics that endanger themselves and public safety, including failing to await backup when they safely could and should; using unsound tactics in approaching vehicles; and using their own vehicles in a manner that is dangerous. These are issues that can and must be better addressed through training, accountability and ultimately cultural change.


6


Among the most egregious uses of deadly force we reviewed were incidents in which CPD officers shot at suspects who presented no immediate threat. CPDs use of less-lethal force also contributes to the pattern of unlawful conduct we found. We reviewed instances of CPD using less-lethal force, often Tasers, including in drive-stun mode, against people who posed no threat, and using unreasonable retaliatory force and unreasonable force against children. We found also that CPD officers use force against people in mental health crisis where force might have been avoided. These issues are further discussed, along with specific examples, in the Force Section of this Report. CPD does not investigate or review these force incidents to determine whether its responses to these events were appropriate or lawful, or whether force could have been avoided. The City is currently taking steps to improve its response to persons in mental health or behavioral crisis, in part in response to the tragic shootings deaths of Quintonio LeGrier and Bettie Jones. While we applaud the steps the City has taken, as discussed in our Report, there are important additional steps the City needs to take. The City must do more to ensure that effective, well-trained crisis intervention officers respond to these events, and that mentalhealth or similar crises are analyzed to determine whether changes to the program or CPDs crisis response are warranted.



We found many circumstances in which officers accounts of force incidents were later discredited, in whole or part, by video evidence. Given the numerous use-of-force incidents without video evidence, discussed further in Section II.C. of this Report, the pattern of unreasonable force is likely even more widespread than we were able to discern through our investigation.



In light of these incidents and many more like them, we support the Citys decision to accelerate its plan to ensure that all CPD officers have body cameras so that all officers have them by the end of this year. While we urge the City to go forward with this plan, we hope the City will also heed the concerns set out later in our Report that it work with police unions and community groups on policies and protocols for body-camera usage, and that it develop the supervisory and accountability supports necessary to ensure that body cameras are effective, both at preventing misconduct and exonerating officers where they are wrongfully accused.



Our review further determined that CPD and IPRA do not adequately respond to incidents in which officers used unreasonable or unnecessary forceincluding force that resulted in a persons death and the officers stated justification was at odds with the physical evidence. Although IPRAs deficienciesdiscussed in the Accountability Section of our Reporthave played a central role in allowing patterns of unconstitutional force to persist, IPRA cannot eliminate the pattern of misconduct we found unless CPDs force reporting and investigations change fundamentally as well. As an initial matter, formal and functional gaps in IPRAs jurisdiction mean that many incidents are inadequately investigated or not investigated at all. Where IPRA does act on its jurisdiction, we found that IPRAs ability to fairly investigate force pursuant to its mandate is compromised by deficiencies in how CPD reports force and gathers related evidence immediately after a force incident.



CPD policy requires officers to report force but, in practice, officers are not required to provide detail about the force they used that is sufficient for an adequate review, and most officer


7


force is not reviewed or investigated. Although shootings where a person is struck are investigated, as discussed in the Accountability Section, those investigations are inadequate. As a result of so few force incidents being even nominally investigated, and the low quality of the force investigations that do occur, there is no meaningful, systemic accountability for officers who use force in violation of the law or CPD policy. Nor is there any opportunity for meaningful assessment of whether policies, training, or equipment should be modified to improve force outcomes in the future for officers or civilians. The failure to review and investigate officer use of force has helped create a culture in which officers expect to use force and not be questioned about the need for or propriety of that use. In this way, CPDs failure to adequately review officer use of force on a regular basis has combined with CPDs failure to properly train and supervise officers to perpetuate a pattern of unlawful use of force within CPD.



The City has acknowledged and begun to correct a number of deficiencies related to how officers use and are held accountable for force. In March 2016, CPD began a review of its force policies in an effort to provide clearer direction to officers on the appropriate use of force. CPD released the draft force policies in October 2016 for public comment. The proposed revisions address core force principles such as the sanctity of life; ethical behavior; objective and proportional use of force; use of deadly force; de-escalation; and force mitigation. CPD is reviewing the public feedback and, at the time of this drafting, will in the very near future incorporate suggestions and improvements to prepare final versions of the policies. CPD also has begun providing all officers with force-mitigation training designed to better equip officers to de-escalate conflicts safely; recognize the signs of mental illness, trauma and crisis situations; and respond quickly and appropriately when force is necessary.



These steps are meaningful and important. But to fulfill their promise, this new approach to CPD use of force must be supported by leadership and enforced by supervisors. Moreover, they must be accompanied by changes to how force is reported and reviewed, not only so that officers can be held accountable when they misuse force, but so that CPD can learn from force incidents and make the policy, training, and equipment changes necessary to make officers and the public safer and more secure.



Accountability



Police accountability systems are vital to lawful policing. In combination with effective supervision, a robust accountability system helps identify, correct and ultimately prevent unreasonable and unnecessary uses of force. We also investigated the Citys police accountability systems and their effectiveness in identifying police misconduct and holding officers responsible.



The City received over 30,000 complaints of police misconduct during the five years preceding our investigation, but fewer than 2% were sustained, resulting in no discipline in 98% of these complaints. This is a low sustained rate. In evaluating the Citys accountability structures, we looked beneath these and other disconcerting statistics and attempted to diagnose the cause of the low sustained rates by examining the systems in place, the resources, and leadership involved with the Citys accountability bodies, including CPDs Bureau of Internal Affairs (BIA), IPRA, and the Chicago Police Board. We reviewed their policies and practices, interviewed many current and former supervisors, investigators, and other members involved,


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and we reviewed hundreds of force and misconduct investigative files from an accountability standpoint. We discovered numerous entrenched, systemic policies and practices that undermine police accountability, as described below. We also took into account that the City has taken many steps during our investigation to address many of these accountability deficiencies, including creating COPA, which will replace IPRA as the independent agency responsible for investigating serious police misconduct. Although we commend the City for these and other recent reforms, they do not sufficiently address many of problems we discovered in the Citys deeply flawed investigative system. The City does not investigate the majority of cases it is required by law to investigate.



Most of those cases are uninvestigated because they lack a supporting affidavit from the complaining party, but the City also fails to investigate anonymous and older misconduct complaints as well as those alleging lower level force and non-racial verbal abuse. Finally, and also contrary to legal mandates, IPRA does not investigate most Taser discharges and officerinvolved shootings where no one is hit. Some of these investigations are ignored based on procedural hurdles in City agreements with its unions, but some are unilateral decisions by the accountability agencies to reduce caseloads and manage resources. And many misconduct complaints that avoid these investigative barriers are still not fully investigated because they are resolved through a defective mediation process, which is actually a plea bargain system used to dispose of serious misconduct claims in exchange for modest discipline. Regardless of the reasons, this failure to fully investigate almost half of all police misconduct cases seriously undermines accountability. These are all lost opportunities to identify misconduct, training deficiencies, and problematic trends, and to hold officers and CPD accountable when misconduct occurs. In order to address these ignored cases, the City must modify its own policies, and work with the unions to address certain CBA provisions, and in the meantime, it must aggressively investigate all complaints to the extent authorized under these contracts.



Those cases that are investigated suffer from serious investigative flaws that obstruct objective fact finding. Civilian and officer witnesses, and even the accused officers, are frequently not interviewed during an investigation. The potential for inappropriate coordination of testimony, risk of collusion, and witness coaching during interviews is built into the system, occurs routinely, and is not considered by investigators in evaluating the case. The questioning of officers is often cursory and aimed at eliciting favorable statements justifying the officers actions rather than seeking truth. Questioning is often marked by a failure to challenge inconsistencies and illogical officer explanations, as well as leading questions favorable to the officer. Investigators routinely fail to review and incorporate probative evidence from parallel civil and criminal proceedings based on the same police incident. And consistent with these biased investigative techniques, the investigators summary reports are often drafted in a manner favorable to the officer by omitting conflicts in testimony or with physical evidence that undermine the officers justification or by exaggerating evidence favorable to the officer, all of which frustrates a reviewers ability to evaluate for investigative quality and thoroughness.



Investigative fact-finding into police misconduct and attempts to hold officers accountable are also frustrated by police officers code of silence. The City, police officers, and leadership within CPD and its police officer union acknowledge that a code of silence among Chicago police officers exists, extending to lying and affirmative efforts to conceal evidence. Officers who may be inclined to cover up misconduct will be deterred from doing so if they


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understand that honesty is the most crucial component of their job and that the Department will aggressively seek to identify dishonest officers and appropriately discipline them. However, our investigation found that IPRA and BIA treat such efforts to hide evidence as ancillary and unexceptional misconduct, and often do not investigate it, causing officers to believe there is not much to lose if they lie to cover up misconduct. Investigators employ a higher standard to sustain claims against officers for making false statements under what is known as a Rule 14 charge and they rarely expand their investigations to charge accused and witness officers with lying to cover up misconduct. Nor, until recently, has the City focused much attention on officers efforts to conceal by mishandling video and audio equipment or by retaliating against civilians who witness misconduct. The Citys failure to prioritize Rule 14 investigations must change. When it is aware of information that an officer lied or otherwise covered up misconduct, the City must actively and aggressively investigate and consistently seek to discipline officers who do so.



We found that inadequate staffing contributes both to these investigative flaws and to the Citys decisions to forego or short-circuit so many of the investigations it should be handling.



The City has recently committed to providing more funding to IPRA when it becomes COPA, and the agency has already begun to hire additional staff. But COPAs range of responsibilities will also be much broader than IPRAs, and there has not been sufficient analysis to determine whether COPA will have the capacity to do any better than IPRA. We also found that poor training accounted for some of these investigative deficiencies.



Investigators and leadership at IPRA acknowledged investigative training was inadequate, and IPRA/COPA is developing plans to revamp and increase training for all staff, especially investigators.



While we commend IPRA for this reform, improved training is likewise necessary for BIA investigators as well. Such enhanced training is an important step towards improving the quality of misconduct investigations handled and changing the culture to one that is more determined to resolve investigations and reliably determine whether an officer committed misconduct. However, the depth and breadth of that training is unclear. It should not only cover general investigative techniques, but should include training to eliminate biased investigative techniques as well as training in specific areas, including unlawful entry and seizure, domestic violence and sexual assault, and false statement charges under Rule 14. In the rare instances when complaints of misconduct are sustained, we found that discipline is haphazard and unpredictable, and is meted out in a way that does little to deter misconduct. Officers are often disciplined for conduct far less serious than the conduct that prompted the investigation, and in many cases, a complaint may be sustained, but the officer is not disciplined at all. The police discipline system, including the Citys draft disciplinary matrix, fails to provide clear guidance on appropriate, fair, and consistent penalty ranges, thus undermining the legitimacy and deterrent effect of discipline within CPD.



Finally, we also found deficiencies with the Chicago Police Boards systems, which impair its ability to be an effective component of CPDs accountability structure. The Board should focus on improving its civil service commission function of providing due process to officers accused of misconduct and relinquish its role of providing community input into CPDs accountability system to the Community Oversight Board that the City has committed to creating. The fairness of Police Board hearings can be improved by modifying current rules that bar the officers negative disciplinary history but allow the officers complimentary history


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as well as favorable character evidence offered by the accuseds supervisors. The City can further level the playing field by providing more experienced advocates to represent CPD before the Board and by offering better training for Board members. Allowing Board members to hear evidence directly, instead of a second-hand summary from the hearing officer, and increasing the Boards transparency will further instill community confidence in the Police Board.



Training and Supervision



CPDs pattern of unlawful conduct is due in part to deficiencies in CPDs training and supervision. CPD does not provide officers or supervisors with adequate training and does not encourage or facilitate adequate supervision of officers in the field. These shortcomings in training and supervision result in officers who are unprepared to police lawfully and effectively; supervisors who do not mentor or support constitutional policing by officers; and a systemic inability to proactively identify areas for improvement, including Department-wide training needs and interventions for officers engaging in misconduct. Both at the outset and through the duration of their careers, CPD officers do not receive the quality or quantity of training necessary for their jobs. Pre-service Academy training relies on outmoded teaching methods and materials, and does not equip recruits with the skills, knowledge, and confidence necessary to serve Chicago communities. For example, we observed an Academy training on deadly forcean important topic, given our findings regarding CPDs use of forcethat consisted of a video made decades ago, which was inconsistent with both current law and CPDs own policies. The impact of this poor training was apparent when we interviewed recruits who recently graduated from the Academy: only one in six recruits we spoke with came close to properly articulating the legal standard for use of force. Post-Academy field training is equally flawed. The Field Training Officer (FTO) Program, as currently structured, does not attract a sufficient number of qualified, effective leaders to train new probationary police officers (PPOs), has an insufficient number of FTOs to meet demand, and fails to provide PPOs with appropriate training, mentorship, and oversight. Finally, in-service training is not provided pursuant to any long-term training plan or strategy. Instead, CPD provides only sporadic in-service training, and does not think proactively about training needs Department-wide. Without a long-term training plan, CPD is often called upon to deliver ad-hoc trainings on tight timelines in response to crises. Consequently, in-service trainings are often incomplete and ineffective at teaching officers important skills and information. The recentlymandated Department-wide Taser training exemplifies CPDs problematic approach to in-service training. Large numbers of officers were cycled through this important training quickly in order to meet a deadline set by the City, without proper curriculum, staff, or equipment. This left many officers who completed the training uncomfortable with how to use Tasers effectively as a less-lethal force optionthe very skill the training was supposed to teach. The City recognizes the need for comprehensive reform of its training program. Its plans for reform are discussed in this Report. While laudable, these plans are still preliminary and amount to verbal commitments with uncertain dates for completion. Academy curriculum revisions, restructuring of the field training program, and development of a proactive, wellplanned in-service training program are all needed. CPD must also evaluate whether it has the staff, equipment, and physical space to meet the training demands of the Department, and if not, proactively plan for how to meet training needs going forward. CPD must identify the resources


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necessary to make these changes, and obtain commitment from the City to provide what is needed.



We found that deficiencies in officer training are exacerbated by the lack of adequate supervision CPD provides to officers in the field, which further contributes to CPDs pattern or practice of unconstitutional policing. CPD does not sufficiently encourage or facilitate supervisors to provide meaningful supervision to officers. Overall, CPD does not hold supervisors accountable for performing certain basic supervisory tasks, including guiding officer behavior or reporting misconduct. Additionally, structural deficiencies in how CPD organizes supervision prevent effective oversight of officer activities. CPD requires supervisors to engage in non-supervisory tasks and manage too many officers at a time. CPD also structures its shift system in such a way that supervisors do not consistently work with the same groups of officers, which inhibits supervisors from learning the needs of officers under their watch. And, much like the deficiencies in CPDs officer training, CPD does not adequately train supervisors on how to provide appropriate supervision. Compounding its supervision problems, CPD does not have a meaningful early intervention system (EIS) to effectively assist supervisors in identifying and correcting problematic behavior. CPDs current behavior intervention systems are underused and inadequate, putting both officers and the public at risk.



Providing robust, meaningful supervision would not only better prevent officer misconduct, it would help CPD better prevent crime in the community. The City and CPD leadership must make the necessary reforms to supervision to protect public and officer safety.



Officer Wellness and Safety Policing is a high-stress profession. Law enforcement officers often are called upon to deal with violence or crises as problem solvers, and they often are witnesses to human tragedy. In Chicago, this stress is particularly acute, for several reasons.



Increasing levels of gun violence and neighborhood conditions take their toll on officers as well as residents. At the same time, the relationship between CPD officers and the communities they serve is strained; officers on the street are expected to prevent crime, yet they must also be the face of the Department in communities that have lost trust in the police. This makes it particularly difficult to police effectively. And these stresses animate the interactions officers have with the communities that they serveboth positively and negatively. As one CPD counselor explained, it is the stress of the job thats the precursor to the crisis.



Our investigation found that these stressors can, and do, play out in harmful ways for CPD officers. CPD deals with officer alcoholism, domestic violence, and suicide. And as explained elsewhere in this Report, CPD officers engage in a pattern or practice of using force that is unjustified, disproportionate, and otherwise excessive. Although the pressure CPD officers are under is by no means an excuse for violating the constitutional rights of the citizens they serve, high levels of unaddressed stress can compromise officer well-being and impact an officers demeanor and judgment, which in turn impacts how that officer interacts with the public. Some officers are able to manage the stress by shifting their focus to working even harder to do their jobs well. For others, it is more difficult. As these officers struggle with the stress of the job, they can close off and push away those they serve and those who want to help. As noted by the Presidents Task Force on 21st Century Policing, an officer whose capabilities,


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judgment, and behavior are adversely affected by poor physical or psychological health not only may be of little use to the community he or she serves but also may be a danger to the community and to other officers. For precisely these reasons, law enforcement agencies can and should do everything they can to support officers physical and psychological well-being.



Because of how officer wellness can impact officer behavior, and the uniquely tense circumstances facing CPD officers each day, CPD officers need greater support from the City and CPD leadership. CPD and the City should think meaningfully about how to better address the stressors CPD officers face, and how to create an overarching operational plan that includes robust counseling programs, comprehensive training, functioning equipment, and other tools to ensure officers are successful and healthy. CPD should move away from traditional strategies that fail to fully address the issue of officer wellness and react to the changing nature of policing in Chicago and the demographic changes in CPDs police force. CPD needs to transform its officer support system so that officer wellness is an integral part of the Departments operations and reinforces the values of wellness and a culture that encourages officers to seek assistance when needed. CPD also should work to overcome officers concern that using officer wellness services will negatively impact their career, and to educate officers on the value of these services. In this way, CPD can better support its officers success, personally and professionally.



Data Collection and Transparency



A lack of transparency regarding CPDs and IPRAs activities has contributed to CPDs failure to identify and correct unlawful practices and to distrust between CPD and the public. Since the start of our investigation, the City and CPD have instituted steps aimed at increasing transparency regarding CPDs and IPRAs work. For example, the current IPRA Chief Administrator significantly improved IPRAs public reporting by expanding the amount of information regarding misconduct investigations that is regularly posted on IPRAs website.



And, following the PATFs recommendation, the City adopted a transparency policy, which created a portal on IPRAs website where video and other evidence of certain types of police misconduct investigations are posted. These steps go beyond the measures many other agencies put in place.



Our investigation found that additional steps are necessary to ensure the City is as transparent as possible and uses its data to adequately address the patterns and practices identified in this investigation. The City and CPD must improve the ways in which they collect, organize, analyze, track, and report on available data and data trends. Currently, CPDs data collection systems are siloed and do not allow for meaningful cross-system data collection, evaluation, and tracking. As a result, CPD is unable to easily use the data at its disposal to identify trends, including trends in misconduct complaints, training deficiencies, and more. Improving these systems will allow CPD to better understand its operations, and more easily report CPD activities to the public.



The data that is collected and publicly reported by the City is also incomplete, and at times, inaccurate. IPRA reports only on how investigations are resolved by that agency; but, as discussed in this Report, the findings of IPRA investigators can be set aside, and its discipline recommendations greatly reduced. IPRAs reporting, therefore, does not give a full picture of how misconduct investigations are ultimately resolved. Independent evaluation of IPRAs


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publicly reported data regarding use of force found that the data was, at least historically, inaccurate. And, even though IPRAs public reporting is far more comprehensive now than it was before, CPD does not aggregate or publish the same information for investigations handled by BIA and the districts. Currently, very little information is published about those investigations, even though those entities handle roughly 70% of all misconduct complaints. Finally, the City should also release more information regarding settlements of officer misconduct lawsuits; publicly available data is, at present, limited to the general nature of the allegation (e.g., excessive force or false arrest) and the settlement amount.



Finally, the City should actively engage the public in crafting solutions in this area. Recent public engagement efforts, such as soliciting public feedback on the video release policy, COPA ordinance, and new use-of-force policies, were important steps toward increasing solicitation of public input into contemplated reforms. Improving and expanding upon these recent initiatives will ensure that the public understands and supports, to the greatest extent possible, the additional reforms currently being considered by the City.



Promotions



Dedicated, highly qualified supervisors are vital to ensuring CPD officers are able to police safely while valuing and respecting the rights of all community members. Under CPDs current promotions system, officers can be promoted to detective, sergeant, or lieutenant based on test scores or evaluation of other merit-based criteria. The merit-based promotion track was created following several lawsuits challenging CPDs promotional exams as discriminatory. The merit promotions system was then later challenged, as part of larger litigation regarding City hiring practices, as unfairly promoting individuals based on political connections rather than true merit. All of these legal battles resulted in several important reforms, including the creation of a City Hiring Plan and corresponding policies intended to organize and structure the merit promotion process.



Despite these important reforms, however, officers we spoke with continue to express skepticism about CPDs promotions system. Much of this is because CPD does not effectively communicate the details of its promotions process to the rank-and-file, and does not provide sufficient transparency following promotional decisions to allay officer concerns. For example, officers are unaware of the metrics used to evaluate individuals who are nominated for merit promotions, or why the officers receiving those promotions were selected. By not sharing this information publicly, and not ensuring Department-wide understanding of the promotions system, CPD has perpetuated an atmosphere of doubt around the promotions process as a whole.



CPD can and should do several things to restore officer and public confidence in its promotions system, and to ensure that the best-qualified candidates are promoted in a fair, lawful, and transparent manner. Promotional exams must be reviewed regularly to ensure they are fair and lawful, and offered often enough to ensure well-qualified candidates have the opportunity to be promoted. Monitoring and oversight of compliance with



CPDs merit



promotion policies are also necessary to ensure those systems are working as intended, and that merit promotion decisions are as transparent as possible. Without regular review and increased transparency, CPDs promotion processes will continue to be viewed as unfair and ineffective.


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Community-Focused Policing



A contributing factor to CPDs unreasonable use of force is CPDs approach to policing. CPD as a whole needs to support and provide incentives to policing practices that are lawful and restore trust among the Citys marginalized communities. Within the past several months, CPD and the City have announced ambitious plans to revive community policing in Chicago. Superintendent Johnson has formed a Community Policing Advisory Panel to develop strategies for enhancing community policing within CPD. The Superintendent has pledged to remake the Departments Chicago Alternative Policing Strategy (CAPS), and the Department recently issued a directive expanding community involvement programs in several districts. CPD has several additional community policing-related initiatives underway. We commend CPD for these efforts. This policing approach, when implemented with fidelity to all its tenets, has been shown to be effective at making communities safer while incentivizing a policing culture that builds confidence in law enforcement. Notwithstanding this recognition, community policing as a true CPD value and driving force fell away in Chicago many years ago, and past attempts to restore it have not been successful. To be successful this time, CPD must build up systems to support and bolster this community-focused approach to policing.



CPD has the officers it needs to make community policing work. During our investigation we observed many instances of diligent, thoughtful, and selfless policing, and we heard stories of officers who police this way every day. We know that there are many dedicated CPD officers who care deeply about the community, are affected by the violence they see, and work hard to build trust between the community and the Department. We heard about officers and command staff who are well-respected and beloved in the neighborhoods they patrol.



But for community policing to really take hold and succeed in Chicago, CPD must ensure that its supervision, training, promotions and accountability systems incentivize and support officers who police in a manner that conveys to community members that CPD officers can be a trusted partner in protecting them, their families, and their neighborhoods. Community policing must be a core philosophy that is infused throughout the Departments policing strategies and tactics.



In recent years, community policing in Chicago has been relegated, through CAPS, to a small group of police officers and civilians in each district. We were told by CAPS staff that CAPS offices were understaffed, and that CAPS officers receive little training on how to accomplish their mandate. Community policing efforts are also poorly funded and institutionally neglected.



In addition to infusing the tenets of community policing throughout the Department, and creating support for community policing beyond the CAPS program, CPD must also change its policing practices so that it can restore trust and ensure lawful policing. The Department has to do more to ensure that officers police fairly in neighborhoods with high rates of violent crime, and in vulnerable communities. A striking feature of our conversations with members from Chicagos challenged communities was the consistency with which they expressed concern about the lack of respect in their interactions with police, whether those interactions come when


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they are targets of police activity or when they or their family members are the victims of crime. Advocates and members of the Latino, Muslim, and transgender communities each separately raised concerns with us about the Departments response to potential or apparent hate crimes against members of their communities. There was also a sense that CPD relies too heavily on specialized units, such as Tactical (TACT).



This may not be how CPD intends policing to be conducted or perceived in these neighborhoods, but these experiences impact individual dignity and residents willingness to work with law enforcement, and should not be ignored. CPD must ensure that it is creating incentives and rewarding policing where building community trust is central to all crimeprevention efforts, whether this policing is done by specialized units, beat officers, or CAPS staff.



Additionally, the City must address serious concerns about systemic deficiencies that disproportionately impact black and Latino communities. CPDs pattern or practice of unreasonable force and systemic deficiencies fall heaviest on the predominantly black and Latino neighborhoods on the South and West Sides of Chicago, which are also experiencing higher crime. Raw statistics show that CPD uses force almost ten times more often against blacks than against whites. As a result, residents in black neighborhoods suffer more of the harms caused by breakdowns in uses of force, training, supervision, accountability, and community policing.



Our investigation found also that CPD has tolerated racially discriminatory conduct that not only undermines police legitimacy, but also contributes to the pattern of unreasonable force.



The pattern or practice of unreasonable force, coupled with the recurrence of unaddressed racially discriminatory conduct by officers further erodes community trust and police effectiveness. Our review of complaints of racially discriminatory language found repeated instances where credible complaints were not adequately addressed. Moreover, we found that some Chicago police officers expressed discriminatory views and intolerance with regard to race, religion, gender, and national origin in public social media forums, and that CPD takes insufficient steps to prevent or appropriately respond to this animus. As CPD works to restore trust and ensure that policing is lawful and effective, it must recognize the extent to which this type of misconduct contributes to a culture that facilitates unreasonable force and corrodes community trust. We have serious concerns about the prevalence of racially discriminatory conduct by some CPD officers and the degree to which that conduct is tolerated and in some respects caused by deficiencies in CPD's systems of training, supervision and accountability. In light of these concerns, combined with the fact that the impact of CPD's pattern or practice of unreasonable force fall heaviest on predominantly black and Latino neighborhoods, restoring police-community trust will require remedies addressing both discriminatory conduct and the disproportionality of illegal and unconstitutional patterns of force on minority communities.



Finally, during our investigation, we heard allegations that CPD officers attempt to gain information about crime using methods that undermine CPD legitimacy and may also be unlawful. In some instances, we were told, CPD will attempt to glean information about gang activity or other crime by arresting or detaining individuals, and refusing to release the individual until he provides that information. In other instances, CPD will take a young person to a rival gang neighborhood, and either leave the person there, or display the youth to rival members, immediately putting the life of that young person in jeopardy by suggesting he has provided


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information to the police. Our investigation indicates that these practices in fact exist and significantly jeopardize CPDs relationship with the community. CPD must root out these practices that harm CPDs interaction with the community.



Doing so will better support lawful policing, and allow CPD to gain legitimacy in the eyes of the public and more effectively address crime. With a community-focused approach that incentivizes and rewards officers for policing actively and in a manner that builds strong, positive community relationships, CPD will be better able to carry out its mission lawfully and effectively.



* * *



Finally, we find that, notwithstanding the Citys recent efforts to address the broad problems within the Chicago Police Department, it is not likely to be successful in doing so without a consent decree with independent monitoring. Fixing the problems our investigation found will be neither easy nor quick. The root causes of these patterns of conduct and systemic deficiencies are complicated and entrenched, which is why they have persisted for so long despite repeated, concerted reform efforts by the City and community members from all walks.



As Chicagos Mayor said in stating his intention to cooperate with our investigation, We need a third party in this City because in the past instances . . . weve never, ever as a City measured up with the changes on a sustained basis to finally deal in whole cloth with that situation.



We applaud the City for this recognition and for agreeing to negotiate a set of comprehensive reforms that will be entered as a federal court order and assessed by a team of independent experts in policing and related fields. Through this commitment, the City has signaled its willingness to go further than any previous City administration to ensure that necessary reforms to the Chicago Police Department are made and take root.



We agree that such an approach is necessary. Our investigation found that the reforms the City already plans to implement, as well as the additional reforms our investigation found necessary, will likely not happen or be sustained without the reform tools of an independent monitoring team and a court order. An independent team of policing and other experts will be charged with assessing and publicly reporting on CPDs and the Citys progress implementing reforms. A court-ordered, over-arching plan for reform that is overseen by a federal judge will help ensure that unnecessary obstacles are removed, and that City and police officials stay focused on carrying out promised reforms. Together, an independent monitor and court decree will make it much more certain that Chicago is finally able to eliminate patterns of unconstitutional conduct, and can bolster community confidence to make policing in Chicago more effective and less dangerous.




I. BACKGROUND


A. Chicago, Illinois


snip


VI. RECOMMENDATIONS



Throughout this Report, we make several recommendations to the City and CPD related to our findings. These recommendations are gathered and offered in more detail below. Through the changes we have identified, CPD will be better poised to police constitutionally and effectively, and improve trust between officers and the communities they serve. We look forward to working cooperatively with the City and CPD on how to best craft and implement these recommendations.


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A. Use of Force



CPD should re-orient officers approach to the use of force to avoid using force except when necessary, and should provide officers with the policy guidance and training to develop and maintain proficiency in de-escalation. CPD should also implement a system of force reporting and investigation to better detect and respond to instances of unreasonable or unnecessary force. Additionally, providing officers with the tools and training to better respond to persons in physical or mental health crisis and those with intellectual disabilities will help avoid injuries, increase community trust, and make officers safer. CPD should:



1. Adopt use of force practices that minimize the use of force.



a. CPD has begun the process of revising its force policies to better reflect the sanctity of human life, the need to avoid the use of force, and de-escalation and force mitigation consistent with officer safety. CPD should continue this process to ensure these concepts are incorporated throughout CPDs force policies, including its canine and Taser policies, and that policies provide sufficient guidance to officers;



b. CPD has begun training officers in safely using de-escalation methods so that force may be avoided. CPD should continue this process and should incorporate these concepts throughout CPD training;



c. Develop, train and implement a foot pursuit policy that makes clear that foot pursuits are dangerous and that sets forth guidelines for foot pursuits that balance the objective of apprehending the suspect with the risk of potential injury to the officer, the public, and the suspect. The policy also should address unsafe foot pursuit tactics to ensure the risks of foot pursuits are not increased;



d. Ensure that officers are trained in sound tactics to avoid unnecessarily exposing officers to situations in which deadly force may become necessary;



e. Revise and reinforce policies against shooting at or from a moving vehicle, and provide additional training on avoiding dangerous vehicle maneuvers;



f. Revise Taser policies consistent with best practices, including implementing restrictions on the use of Tasers in drive-stun mode; limitations on Taser use in situations that pose inordinate risk to the suspect; limitations on Taser use on vulnerable people (e.g., the elderly, pregnant women, people in mental health crisis); restrictions on Taser use to situations in which it is necessary and proportional to the threat or resistance of the subject; and discouragement of the use of Tasers in schools and on students, and requiring officers to factor into their decision to use a Taser a childs apparent age, size, and the threat presented for proportionality and appropriateness. CPD should emphasize in training that Tasers are weapons with inherent risks that inflict significant pain and should not be viewed as tools of convenience;



g. Prohibit the use of retaliatory force, force used as punishment, force used in response to the exercise of protected First Amendment activities (e.g., filming), and force used in response to speech only rather than in response to an immediate threat;


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h. Equip officers with appropriate first-aid supplies, train them in their use, and require officers to render aid to injured persons consistent with the officers training;


i. Equip all patrol officers and supervisors, and officers who regularly interact with the public, including tactical officers, with body cameras, and develop a body camera policy delineating officers responsibilities regarding the consistent and appropriate use of body cameras and the retention and review of body camera footage.



2. Change the reporting and review of force to accurately capture the totality of the circumstances in force incidents.



a. Develop and implement use-of-force reporting requiring officers to complete a narrative force report that describes with particularity the force used and the circumstances necessitating that level of force, including the reason for the initial stop or other enforcement action. Witness officers should also complete reports for serious uses of force (e.g., firearms discharges and other forms of deadly force). Injuries to officers and persons against whom force was used should be photographed;



b. Develop and implement supervisory review of force that requires the supervisor to conduct a complete review of each use of force, including gathering and considering evidence necessary to understand the circumstances of the force incident and determine its consistency with law and policy, including statements from individuals against whom force is used and civilian witnesses;



c. Develop and implement a system for higher-level, inter-disciplinary review of incidents involving all types of firearms discharges, successful canine deployments, Taser uses, use of chemical weapons, and force resulting in injury to the person against whom force was used;



d. Discipline or otherwise hold accountable officers who fail to accurately report their own uses of force, officers who fail to accurately report another officers use of force when policy requires it, and supervisors who fail to conduct adequate force investigations;



e. Collect and analyze data on uses of force to identify racial and other disparities in officer uses of force.



3. Revise the initial response to officer-involved shootings to prevent collusion and the contamination of witnesses.



a. Adopt a policy requiring that IPRA investigators participate in the preliminary assessment during the immediate aftermath of an officer-involved shooting to the same extent as the CPD commander in charge and CPD investigators conducting administrative or criminal investigations;



b. Adopt policies and practices that preclude involved and witness officers from speaking with one another, or with civilian witnesses, about the shooting incident until after they have been interviewed by IPRA investigators, except to the extent necessary to ensure public safety. To that end, require that, where possible, involved officers, witness officers, and civilian witnesses be transported to the station


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separately and their conversations be monitored to avoid contamination prior to interviews;



c. Except to the extent necessary to ensure public safety, prohibit involved officers and witness officers from using cell phones before they speak with the on-scene commander;



d. Consider prohibiting involved officers, witness officers, and civilians from viewing footage from dashboard cameras, body cameras, surveillance cameras, or cell phones before their interview with IPRA. In all cases, inquire of witnesses and officers whether they have viewed any recordings prior to the interview;



e. Require that interviews with involved officers and witness officers be recorded and IPRA investigators be present (except that an officer may speak with his or her attorney in private) and that interviews with civilian witnesses be recorded unless it would interfere with investigation. In cases where interviews are not recorded, the reason for failing to record the interview should be documented;



f. Revise CBA provisions or other restrictions on how soon officers may be interviewed following an officer-involved shooting; and



g. CPD and IPRA should develop appropriate protocols to conduct concurrent, bifurcated investigations with specific measures to ensure that the integrity of criminal investigations is not compromised.



4. Implement policies and develop training to improve interactions with people who are in crisis.



a. Devote appropriate resources to improve CPDs existing CIT program. Develop and implement policy and training to better identify and respond to individuals with known or suspected mental health conditions, including persons in mental health crisis and those with intellectual or developmental disabilities (I/DD) or other disabilities;



b. Screen and designate volunteer officers who have expressed an interest in becoming CIT specialists and are well-suited to this work. CPD should continue to offer CIT training for officers who wish to develop crisis intervention skills, but reserve participation in the CIT program to the selected officers;



c. Provide crisis intervention training to CIT-designated officers, who will respond to critical incidents involving persons in crisis. This training should include how to identify and respond to common medical emergencies that may at first appear to reflect a failure to comply with lawful orders (e.g., seizures, diabetic emergencies);



d. Ensure that there are enough CIT officers on duty throughout the City and throughout the day to help ensure a CIT officer is available to respond to calls involving an individual in crisis;



e. Require that, wherever possible, at least one CIT officer will respond to any situation concerning individuals in mental health crisis or with I/DD where force might be used;


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f. Improve the quality of the current CIT 40-hour training program, which will in turn require obtaining sufficient CIT training staff and resources so that training can focus on requiring CIT candidates to demonstrate competency in the necessary skills;



g. Collect data on CIT calls to allow CPD to make informed decisions about staffing and deployment so that a CIT officer is available for all shifts in all districts to respond to every CIT call;



h. Develop a CIT reporting system (apart from the use-of-force reporting system) so that each deployment of a CIT officer is well documented. CIT officers should submit narrative reports of their interactions with persons in crisis so the appropriateness of the response can be evaluated in an after-action analysis; and



i. Implement an assessment program to evaluate the efficacy of the CIT program as a whole and the performance of individual CIT officers. A portion of a CIT officers performance review should address skill and effectiveness in CIT situations.



B. Accountability



A well-functioning accountability system (in combination with effective supervision) is the keystone to lawful policing. The City and CPD must create impartial, transparent, and effective internal and external oversight systems that will hold officers accountable in a timely manner for violations of law, CPD policy, or CPD training. To that end, the City and CPD must:



1. Improve the City and CPDs accountability mechanisms for increased and more effective police oversight.



a. Work with police unions to modify practices and procedures for accepting complaints to make it easier for individuals to register formal complaints about police conduct;



b. Adopt practices to ensure the full and impartial investigation of all complaints, and assessment of patterns and trends related to those complaints;



c. Revise IPRA/COPA mediation policies and procedures to: 1) require complainant notification of and participation in mediation; 2) incorporate principles of restorative justice; 3) create clear, objective standards for referring cases to mediation; and 4) prohibit mediation for resolving certain categories of complaints, including use of force and domestic violence complaints;



d. Revise BIA policies and procedures to require that investigators record interviews and include transcripts of all interviews with victims, witnesses, or suspect officers in every file. CPD policy should dictate that summaries of interviews will be accepted only where obtaining a recorded or transcribed interview is not feasible;



e. Enforce CPD policies prohibiting officers from falsifying reports and providing false information or testimony during interviews by providing strict disciplinary penalties, up to and including termination, for those officers who violate them; and



f. Put systems in place that ensure administrative charges are fully and timely investigated, even where CPD and the States Attorneys Office are investigating


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potential criminal charges, or have decided not to pursue criminal charges, for the same conduct.



2. Ensure investigative agencies have the appropriate resources, training, and structure necessary to conduct investigations thoroughly, efficiently, and fairly.



a. Conduct a staffing analysis, and create a staffing plan based on that analysis, to ensure that both BIA and IPRA/COPA have the staffing and resources to perform their responsibilities effectively;



b. Improve the timeliness and quality of BIA/IPRA/COPA investigations through the creation of case management protocols, including streamlined procedures and target deadlines for the completion of investigations; and



c. Develop and implement mandatory and comprehensive training for BIA/IPRA/COPA investigators, Police Board members, and hearing officers on police practices, civil rights law, evidence collection and assessment techniques, interview techniques, and other pertinent issues. The training for IPRA/COPA investigators should also include training on implicit bias and proper witness interviewing techniques. Investigators tasked with investigating domestic violence and sexual misconduct complaints should receive specialized training on the dynamics of those incidents and interview techniques for domestic violence and sexual misconduct victims.



3. Implement changes to the Citys discipline and discipline review systems, including the Chicago Police Board, to ensure disciplinary decisions are fair, timely, and transparent.



a. Revise how disciplinary decisions are made, including streamlining the number of disciplinary decision makers and the layers of review of disciplinary recommendations, to facilitate quicker final resolution of complaints;



b. Revise CPDs disciplinary matrix to ensure that it provides meaningful guidance to those making disciplinary recommendations and findings;



c. Consider moving the Police Boards police commission and civilian oversight duties to another entity (such as a Community Oversight Board), to allow the Police Board to focus on its critical function of reviewing Superintendent/IPRA misconduct and disciplinary findings;



d. Create a cadre of trained and experienced attorneys within IPRA/COPA to advocate before the Board;



e. Modify CPD and IPRA policy, and address related provisions in the CBAs, to ensure that the Board has access to the information necessary to make a fair and informed decisions;



f. Ensure selection criteria for Police Board members and hearing officers include requisite competence, impartiality, and expertise;



g. Post all Police Board materials, including video recordings of hearings, on the Boards website in a timely manner; and 156 h. Track and publish more detailed case-specific and aggregate data about Police Board decisions, and make this information available in a timely manner.



C. Training Training is the foundation for ensuring that officers are engaging in effective and constitutional policing. To that end, CPD should:



1. Provide training that is comprehensive, organized, based on adult-learning principles, and developed with national best police practices and community policing principles in mind.



a. Revise Academy curricula and lesson content to ensure consistency with CPD policy and current law, particularly with respect to the use of force, and revise lessondelivery methods to include lessons that are consistent with adult learning principles and include more scenario-based trainings;



b. Revise end-of-course Academy evaluations to ensure recruits graduate the Academy with sufficient knowledge and skill to police safely and lawfully;



c. Revitalize CPDs Field Training Program by increasing incentives provided to FTOs in order to ensure a sufficient number of high-quality FTOs; improving the training provided to FTOs and, in turn, the quality of supervision and guidance that FTOs provide; creating a standardized curriculum for each FTO to use when training PPOs; increasing the rigor of FTO evaluation of PPOs; creating better supervision of FTOs and regularly evaluating the Field Training Program to identify areas in need of improvement; and



d. Implement a mandatory in-service training program, based on a comprehensive evaluation of Department needs, that includes high quality training through live, scenario-based trainings; provides updates on law and Department policy; and presents officers and supervisors with opportunities to refresh important skills and tactics.



2. Take steps to ensure the creation of a well-planned, comprehensive training program that is carefully tailored to Department needs and is properly resourced.



a. Formalize CPDs creation of a training committee in CPD policies, including outlining the committees goals, membership, responsibilities, and deliverables;



b. Recruit, hire, and train additional instructors, and develop and implement rigorous testing, evaluation, and training of all instructors to ensure subject-matter competency and skill in instruction; and



c. Improve CPDs physical training facilities and equipment.



D. Supervision Patrol officers must receive proper supervision and guidance in order to ensure that they are engaging in constitutional and effective policing and that they are held accountable if they


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engage in misconduct. This requires that patrol supervisors receive the tools, training, and support they need to perform their supervisory duties effectively. To that end, CPD should:



1. Reform CPDs supervisory structures and incentives to provide all officers with meaningful direction and oversight.



a. Develop and implement policies that establish clear requirements and provide specific guidance to ensure the appropriate supervision of all officers;



b. Ensure that supervisors closely monitor officers under their command, review officer uses of force, and direct and guide officers to use force only where necessary, in a manner that is safe, and that comports with the principles and values set forth in CPDs revised force policies;



c. Hold supervisors accountable if they fail to report misconduct that they observe, fail to accept and refer to IPRA a misconduct complaint, or otherwise fail to take appropriate steps to ensure officer accountability;



d. Implement appropriate span-of-control ratios in all districts and reform shift scheduling to allow for unity of command;



e. Re-examine the responsibilities of supervisory staff at districts to allow supervisors to maximize time spent providing mentorship, oversight, and accountability of officer activities;



f. Provide new supervisors with adequate training on supervisory skills, including leadership and management, and provide all supervisors with regular training on issues relevant to their supervisory responsibilities; and



g. Incentivize and reward supervisors who provide close and effective supervision.



2. Ensure CPD supervisors have the appropriate tools and information necessary to provide meaningful supervision.



a. Commit to putting in place a new and fully integrated EIS system that will allow for early identification of problematic behavior trends and appropriate interventions, and involve all relevant stakeholders in the process early on to ensure its ultimate success; and;



b. Ensure that data collection and tracking systems are adequate Department-wide to support this effort, and audit their use to ensure that these systems are used consistently and appropriately.



E. Officer Wellness and Safety Officers must receive the support they need from the Department to perform their policing responsibilities well and safely, and to address the stressors related to their work. To better support its officers, CPD should:



1. Evaluate and respond to the needs of CPD officers.


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a. Conduct a needs assessment to determine what additional resources officers desire or need to reduce the stressors of their jobs;



b. Expand the Employee Assistance Program by hiring additional counselors, substance abuse specialists, and other staff with specialized training and skills in certain topics, including post-traumatic stress disorder, domestic violence, womens issues, and depression;



c. Coordinate a communication strategy to inform all CPD members of the services available through the Employee Assistance Program and ensure that references to the range of available counseling and support services are included in Academy trainings, including the stress management and wellness trainings;



d. Explore alternative methods for providing officer support, including anonymous support hotlines and group meetings; and



e. Revise and implement new protocols for evaluation and treatment of officers involved in, or who witness, traumatic events, not limited to officer-involved shootings.



2. Incorporate officer wellness principles into all facets of CPD operations.



a. Explore and evaluate other methods to increase officer access to employee supports and services, including how using those services can benefit CPD officers, and encourage officers to use these programs; and



b. Conduct a Department-wide technology and equipment audit to determine what equipment is outdated, broken, or otherwise in need of replacement, and develop a plan with timelines for repair or replacement of equipment as needed.



F. Data Collection and Transparency To increase transparency and community trust, it is critical that the City improve its data collection systems and publicly report and release information relevant to its policing and accountability efforts. Accordingly, the City, through CPD and IPRA/COPA, should:



1. Improve City data collection systems.



a. Examine and evaluate current data collection mechanisms and technology to determine where there are gaps and inefficiencies;



b. Create a plan to improve and synthesize City and CPD data collection systems by dates certain; and



c. Develop systems to ensure that data is appropriately and timely analyzed to identify trends or patterns in policing activities, including officer use of force and police misconduct complaints. The City and CPD should use data collection systems to track and identify patterns or practices of constitutional violations, so that corrective action can be taken where necessary.



2. Increase transparency regarding CPD and IPRA/COPA activities.


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a. Seek input from community members regarding the type of data and information they believe is important for CPD and IPRA to disseminate;



b. Develop and implement policies mandating regular public reporting of crime trends and CPD policing activities;



c. Develop and implement policies mandating regular public reporting of misconduct investigations, including investigations handled not just by IPRA or COPA, but also BIA and the districts. These policies should cover regular reporting on complaint patterns and trends, investigation outcomes, and discipline (both recommended and imposed);



d. Finalize and formally adopt, as part of CPD and IPRA policy, the video release policy, with consideration of expanding the universe of complaints the policy covers; and



e. Develop and implement policies that would increase transparency related to City settlements of police misconduct complaints.



G. Promotions To ensure constitutional and effective policing, CPD must promote competent, capable leaders, and ensure confidence amongst officers that deserving, well-qualified candidates will be selected for promotions. CPD must review its promotions systems to ensure all qualified candidates have a chance to be promoted, and improve transparency around the promotions process to better inform officers of how promotional decisions are made. To that end, CPD should:



1. Ensure promotions are fair.



a. Continue to review promotional exams to ensure they are valid and fairly administered;



b. Schedule promotional exams with sufficient frequency to allow qualified candidates frequent opportunity for promotion throughout their careers; and



c. Review and revise, as necessary, the merit promotion process, to ensure that policies and procedures are followed, and that the system is working as intended.



2. Increase transparency around the promotions process.



a. Devise and implement mechanisms for teaching officers about the policies and procedures guiding the merit promotion process;



b. Develop mechanisms for improving transparency regarding those who receive merit promotions, and the reasons those candidates were selected; and



c. Continue, and potentially increase, oversight of the merit promotions process through the Chicago Office of the Inspector General, and ensure that the OIGs role in overseeing this process is communicated to both officers and the public.


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H. Community Policing



CPD should adopt, and incorporate in its policing approaches, an ingrained and permanent community policing philosophy that humanizes officers and residents to each other and builds trust between the community and the police; incentivizes police-community partnerships; and effectively uses these partnerships to solve crime and address community concerns. To that end, CPD should:



1. Develop community policing as a core component of CPDs policing strategies, tactics, and training.



a. Develop and implement, with the help of community members from Chicagos diverse groups, comprehensive recruit and in-service training to officers on how to establish formal partnerships and actively engage with diverse communities, to include understanding and building trust with minority communities, Muslim communities, immigrant and limited English-proficiency communities, persons with disabilities, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender communities;



b. Incorporate community policing and problem-solving principles into Academy training, and require regular in-service training on topics such as procedural justice, de-escalation, bias-free policing, diversity and cultural sensitivity;



c. Create liaison officers in each district that will be responsive to, and specifically address, the concerns of minority communities, including LGBTQ individuals, Muslims and other religious or ethnic minorities, individuals with limited Englishproficiency, and individuals with disabilities. District liaison officers should have monthly meetings to coordinate Department-wide outreach efforts and strategies;



d. Develop systems that encourage and facilitate opportunities for officers to actively engage with communities while on patrol and gain more familiarity with residents through one-on-one interactions;



e. Increase opportunities for officers to have frequent, positive interactions with people outside of an enforcement context, especially groups and communities that have expressed a high level of distrust of police; and



f. Measure, evaluate, and reward individual, supervisory, and agency performance on community engagement, problem-oriented-policing projects, and crime prevention.



2. Ensure that officers police fairly and compassionately in all neighborhoods, including in those with high rates of violent crime and in minority communities.



a. Develop and implement a policy that specifically and comprehensively addresses and prohibits discriminatory policing and biased-based policing;



b. Provide initial and recurring training to all officers that sends a clear and consistent message that bias-based profiling and other forms of discriminatory policing are prohibited, and ensures that officers are capable of interacting with and providing services to all communities;


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c. Provide training to supervisors and commanders on detecting and addressing biasbased profiling and other forms of discriminatory policing;



d. Provide safeguards for officers who report bias-based profiling and other forms of discriminatory policing;



e. Provide training to supervisors, detectives, and officers on how to detect and report potential hate crimes or hate incidents;



f. Work with community members from Chicagos diverse racial, religious, ethnic, gender, and disability groups to create and deliver cultural awareness training in partnership with CPD, and to inform and suggest the development of additional measures that may improve police-community relations;



g. Enforce Department rules regarding appropriate language, respect, and social media use; h. Collect and analyze enforcement data (including use of force data) to identify patterns of unequal enforcement on the basis of race or ethnicity, and devise and implement operational changes based on this analysis. Publish stop, search, arrest, and force data bi-annually with the analysis of trends, and the steps taken to correct problems and build on successes; and



i. Capture and track complaints alleging racial and other bias-based profiling or discrimination, along with characteristics of the complainants. Analyze this data to identify and correct any patterns of discrimination.





Sincerely,

David Dillard

Temple University

(215) 204 - 4584

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