+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE. - Volume 17, Issue 44, April 25, 2019.

David Dillard


- Volume 17, Issue 44, April 25, 2019. 

An email newsletter to distribute news and information about web 
design and development. 


SECTION ONE: New references. 
What's new at the Web Design Reference site? 
New links in these categories: 

04: EVENTS. 

12: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site? 

[Contents ends.] 

++ SECTION ONE: New references. 


A Technical and Cultural Assessment of the Mueller Report PDF 
By Duff Johnson. 
"…In addition to not being searchable, the file contains no text, is 
not tagged, and is therefore not accessible to disabled users. The US 
Department of Justice has a clear policy of ensuring that public 
documents comply with Section 508 regulations, and are therefore 
accessible to users with disabilities. The Mueller Report PDF does not 
conform with these regulations…" 

DoJ Reposts the Mueller Report 
By Duff Johnson. 
"As reported within hours by Quartz, four days after its initial 
release and fanfare-free, the US Department of Justice re-posted the 
Mueller Report PDF with a few improvements. They also added a few 

Move Ya! Or Maybe, Don't, if the User prefers-reduced-motion! 
By Thomas Steiner. 
"…Respecting user preferences is key for modern websites, and browsers 
expose more and more features to enable web developers to do so. The 
CSS Working Group are currently standardizing more user preference 
media queries…" 

Unintentionally Tabling Table Semantics 
By Scott O'Hara. 
"I feel like I have a knack for finding bugs and uncovering oddities 
in how HTML and/or ARIA is exposed to browsers' accessibility trees…" 

Accessibility in Agile Transformational Practices 
By Dylan Barrell. 
"By implementing these accessibility practices into your agile 
processes, agile teams can sustainably defeat the accessibility hydra 

Automatic Captions: Are They Helping or Hindering Students? 
By Jaclyn Leduc. 
"…Inaccurate captions negatively affect the perceived quality of video 
content, but more importantly, they don't adequately communicate the 
message of the video to those who rely on captions to engage with 
video content…" 

Artificial Intelligence Is Good, but Is It Good Enough for Captions? 
By Elisa Edelberg. 
"…when it comes to purely automated captioning solutions, there are no 
solutions on the horizon that will address all of the challenges posed 
by the captioning task. Technology just doesn't have the same 
capability that humans do…" 

Video Captions: Sometimes You Only Need to Ask 
By Deborah Edwards-Onoro. 
"…I've learned that sharing the poor video autocaptions is a powerful 
way to encourage video producers to caption their videos…" 

How To Caption Your Instagram Stories To Make Them More Accessible 
(Hat tip to Meryl Evans) 
By Mika Doyle. 
"If you follow Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez on social media, you might be 
wondering how AOC captions her Instagram stories…" 

What's New in Accessibility in 2019 
By Jonathan Hassell. 
"This is the final part of my review of what is happening across the 
Digital Accessibility Ecosystem in 2019…" 

The Coming Web Crack-Up 
By Peter Slatin. 
"…more appropriate words are deprivation and discrimination when 
recognizing this for what it is: denial of service…" 


Input with label hidden using display:none or even visibility:hidden 
By Steve Faulkner. 
"Sometimes developers hide label elements using display:none or even 
visibility:hidden in an attempt to provide the label text to 
screenreader users, while not displaying it visually. Unfortunately 
when hidden using these particular CSS properties the for/id 
programmatic association is broken…" 

Inclusively Hidden 
By Scott O'Hara. 
"There are various ways to hide content in web interfaces, but are you 
aware of the different effects they have on the accessibility of that 

That Time I Tried Browsing the Web Without CSS 
By Jon Kantner. 
"…A WebAIM survey from 2018 reported that 12.5% of users who rely on 
any sort of assisted technology browse the web with custom 
stylesheets, which can include doing away with every CSS declaration 
across a site. And, if we're talking about slow internet connections, 
ditching CSS could be one way to consume content faster. There’s also 
the chance that CSS is disabled for reasons outside our immediate 
control, like when a server has hiccups of fails to load assets. As an 
experiment, I used five websites and a web app without CSS, and this 
post will cover my experiences…" 

CSS Subgrid News and Demos 
By Rachel Andrew. 
"A couple of weeks ago I spoke at Frontend NE in Newcastle, a big part 
of my talk was explaining what the CSS Grid Subgrid feature from Grid 
Level 2 would contain…" 


Why You Should Measure UX Attitudes 
By Jeff Sauro. 
"…If you want to understand and predict user behavior, you need to 
understand attitudes. But what is an attitude?…" 

+04: EVENTS. 

Mobile Office Hours: Accessible Carousels 
April 29, 2019. 

ADA and the Internet 
May 16, 2019. 

Keynote by Bruce Lawson on How To Make Loveliness: an HTML Treasure Hunt 
June 24, 2019. 
London, England, United Kingdom 

August 17-22, 2019. 
Jacksonville, Florida, U.S.A. 

National Association of Government Web (NAGW) Conference 
September 18-20, 2019. 
Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.A. 

Big Design 
September 19-21, 2019. 
Dallas, Texas, U.S.A. 

The Fact & Fiction of Document Accessibility 
September 30, 2019. 
Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.A. 


Everyday Information Architecture: Auditing for Structure 
By Lisa Maria Martin. 
"We're pleased to share an excerpt from Chapter 4 of Lisa Maria 
Martin's Everyday Information Architecture, from A Book Apart…" 


12 Tips for More Accessible React Apps (Slides, React Finland 2019) 
By Manuel Matuzovic. 
"If you want to improve the accessibility of your React apps but you 
don't know how or where to start, this talk is just what you need…" 


Would Life be Happier Without Google? I Spent a Week Finding Out 
By Tim Dowling. 
"People had to get by without the search engine giant before it was 
launched in 1998. But is it possible to live your life - and do your 
job - without it these days…" 

Front-End Developer Handbook 2019 
By Cody Lindley. 
"This is a guide that anyone could use to learn about the practice of 
front-end development. It broadly outlines and discusses the practice 
of front-end engineering: how to learn it and what tools are used when 
practicing it in 2018…" 

Inclusive: What is It? 
By Jess Mitchell. 
"…Inclusive isn't easy. It's often not comfy. And we know that we 
avoid uncomfy…" 

Accessibility with Heydon Pickering (Podcast) 
By Dave Rupert and Chris Coyier. 
"We're chatting with Heydon Pickering about accessibility, using 
pre-built solutions past their best before date, everyone's varying 
degrees of proficiency, and whether accessibility is becoming second 
nature to more people…" 


Enriching Search Results Through Structured Data 
By Google. 
"For many years we have been recommending the use of structured data 
on websites to enable a richer search experience. When you add markup 
to your content, you help search engines understand the different 
components of a page…" 


Introducing USWDS 2.0 
By Dan O. Williams and Maya Benari. 
"Today, we're launching U.S. Web Design System 2.0 (USWDS 2.0), a new 
foundation for the future of our design system…" 


Icons: Avoid Temptation and Start with User Needs 
By Ben Cullimore. 
"Icons can be a useful way to represent ideas simply. Ben Cullimore, 
Interaction Designer in the team which redesigned the NHS website, 
explains how they decided on the most effective icons to use…" 

Designing Button Focus States for Better Usability 
By Elizabeth Schafer. 
"…buttons have more than one state. The default state we just created 
looks good so far, but we need to make sure that it also looks 
noticeably different when it's focused. Many people exclusively use 
keyboards to navigate, and rely on the focus state to know where they 
are on the page…" 

Customer-Focused Content: Creating Content People Want and Need 
By Jennifer Leigh Brown. 
"…In this article, learn what customer-centric content is and how it 
leads to better outcomes for brands, businesses, and creative teams…" 

UX Responsibilities in Scrum Ceremonies 
By Anna Kaley. 
"As part of an Agile team, UX professionals should participate in all 
Scrum ceremonies in order to maintain open communication, influence 
product success, and productively contribute to the team." 

Sympathy vs. Empathy in UX 
By Sarah Gibbons. 
"The majority of UX professionals practice sympathy instead of empathy 
for their users." 

3 Myths About Teens and Tech (Video) 
By Alita Joyce. 
"Debunked myths about how teenagers use computers and technology, 
based on our usability research with users aged 13-17 years." 

[Section one ends.] 


+11: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site? 

Accessibility Information. 

Association Information. 

Book Listings. 

Cascading Style Sheets Information. 

Color Information. 

Drupal Information. 

Evaluation & Testing Information. 

Event Information. 

HTML Information. 

Information Architecture Information. 

JavaScript Information. 

Miscellaneous Web Information. 

Navigation Information. 

PHP Information. 

Sites & Blogs Listing. 

Standards, Guidelines & Pattern Information. 

Tool Information. 

Typography Information. 

Usability Information. 

XML Information. 

[Section two ends.] 



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Until next time, 

Laura L. Carlson 
Information Technology Systems and Services 
University of Minnesota Duluth 
Duluth, MN U.S.A. 55812-3009 

[Issue ends.] 




David Dillard



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Twitter: davidpdillard