TOURISM AND TRAVEL : HOSPITALITY : MEDICAL: EPIDEMICS : MEDICAL: DISEASES: EBOLA VIRUS, ZIKA VIRUS : STATISTICS : DATA : DEMOGRAPHY : DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS: Tourism Hospitality and Newer Communicable Disease Epidemics: The Cases of the Ebola Virus and the Zika Virus with Statistical Data Utilization Discussed in Sources Uncovered from Database Search Results: A Bibliographic Resource

David P. Dillard











Tourism Hospitality and Newer Communicable Disease Epidemics: 
The Cases of the Ebola Virus and the Zika Virus with Statistical Data Utilization 
Discussed in Sources Uncovered from Database Search Results: 
A Bibliographic Resource



The danger of epidemics coming to areas with higher and rising temperatures due to climate change will impact society and industry in a growing number of regions and areas. One such industry group is the tourism industry.  The impacts on the tourism industry due to Ebola and the Zika Virus would be one such area to explore.  This document provides links to database search results designed to find sources that discuss tourism and either Ebola or the Zika Virus

and share, utilize or cite statistical or demographic data sources.  Keep in mind that the Zika epidemic is very recent compared to the Ebola epidemic so that scholarly publications will be far more limited for Zika, especially those that utilize or share statistical data or links to that data. It should also be noted that these links are “self updating” and will run the searches at the time they are used so that newer sources will be found. Links for sources cited lead to a Google Scholar or Google Books search result for the search of the title in either of each source cited.

This growing group of health threats will combine the research areas of emerging infectious diseases and that of tropical diseases and the roles of such research will extend further and further both north and south of the equator as time passes. Furthermore weakened health and immune systems will invite subsequent diseases after one has taken hold and remission may replace cured in many cases of illness.





Google Scholar




Content Sample




Bogoch, Isaac I., Maria I. Creatore, Martin S. Cetron, John S. Brownstein,

Nicki Pesik, Jennifer Miniota, Theresa Tam et al.

"Assessment of the potential for international dissemination of Ebola virus

via commercial air travel during the 2014 west African outbreak."

The Lancet 385, no. 9962 (2015): 29-35.




Khan, Kamran, Julien Arino, Wei Hu, Paulo Raposo, Jennifer Sears,

Felipe Calderon, Christine Heidebrecht et al.

"Spread of a novel influenza A (H1N1) virus via global airline transportation."

New England journal of medicine 361, no. 2 (2009): 212-214.




Poletto, Chiara, Marcelo FC Gomes, Ana Pastore y Piontti, Luca Rossi,

Livio Bioglio, Dennis L. Chao, Ira M. Longini, M. Elizabeth Halloran,

Vittoria Colizza, and Alessandro Vespignani.

"Assessing the impact of travel restrictions on international spread

of the 2014 West African Ebola epidemic."

Euro surveillance: bulletin Europeen sur les maladies transmissibles=

European communicable disease bulletin 19, no. 42 (2014).




Halloran, M. Elizabeth, Alessandro Vespignani, Nita Bharti,

Leora R. Feldstein, K. A. Alexander, Matthew Ferrari,

Jeffrey Shaman et al.

"Ebola: mobility data."

Science 346, no. 6208 (2014): 433-433.




Kwong, Jason C., Julian D. Druce, and Karin Leder.

"Zika virus infection acquired during brief travel to Indonesia."

The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene

89, no. 3 (2013): 516-517.




Fisman, David, Edwin Khoo, and Ashleigh Tuite.

"Early epidemic dynamics of the West African 2014 Ebola outbreak:

estimates derived with a simple two-parameter model."

PLOS currents outbreaks (2014).




Wesolowski, Amy, Caroline O. Buckee, Linus Bengtsson,

Erik Wetter, Xin Lu, and Andrew J. Tatem.

"Commentary: Containing the Ebola outbreak–the potential

and challenge of mobile network data."

PLOS currents outbreaks (2014).




Schlagenhauf, Patricia, Leisa Weld, Abraham Goorhuis,

Philippe Gautret, Rainer Weber, Frank von Sonnenburg,

Rogelio Lopez-Vélez et al.

"Travel-associated infection presenting in Europe (2008–12):

an analysis of EuroTravNet longitudinal, surveillance data,

and evaluation of the effect of the pre-travel consultation."

The Lancet Infectious Diseases 15, no. 1 (2015): 55-64.




Shinohara, Koh, Satoshi Kutsuna, Tomohiko Takasaki,

Meng Ling Moi, Makiko Ikeda, Akira Kotaki,

Kei Yamamoto et al.

"Zika fever imported from Thailand to Japan, and diagnosed

by PCR in the urine."

Journal of travel medicine 23, no. 1 (2016): tav011.




Khan, Kamran, Julien Arino, Wei Hu, Paulo Raposo,

Jennifer Sears, Felipe Calderon, Christine Heidebrecht et al.

"Spread of a novel influenza A (H1N1) virus via global airline


New England journal of medicine 361, no. 2 (2009): 212-214.




Zavala-Castro, Jorge E., Karla R. Dzul-Rosado,

and Gaspar Peniche-Lara.

"Zika virus infection after travel to Tahiti, December 2013."

J Bacteriol 173 (1991): 1576-89.




Boggild, Andrea Kristine, Jennifer Geduld, Michael Libman,

Brian J. Ward, Anne E. McCarthy, Patrick Doyle,

Wayne Ghesquiere et al.

"Travel-acquired infections and illnesses in Canadians:

surveillance report from CanTravNet surveillance data, 2009–2011."

Open Medicine 8, no. 1 (2014): 20-32.




Rainisch, Gabriel, Manjunath Shankar, Michael Wellman,

Toby Merlin, and Martin I. Meltzer.

"Regional spread of ebola virus, west africa, 2014."

Emerging infectious diseases 21, no. 3 (2015): 444-447.




Baden, Lindsey R., Rupa Kanapathipillai, Edward W. Campion,

Stephen Morrissey, Eric J. Rubin, and Jeffrey M. Drazen.

"Ebola—an ongoing crisis."

New England Journal of Medicine 371, no. 15 (2014): 1458-1459.





Gomes, Marcelo FC, Ana Pastore y Piontti, Luca Rossi,

Dennis Chao, Ira Longini, M. Elizabeth Halloran,

and Alessandro Vespignani.

"Assessing the international spreading risk associated

with the 2014 West African Ebola outbreak."

PLOS Currents Outbreaks (2014).




Shanks, G. D., K. Biomndo, H. L. Guyatt, and R. W. Snow.

"Travel as a risk factor for uncomplicated Plasmodium

falciparum malaria in the highlands of western Kenya."

Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine

and Hygiene

99, no. 1 (2005): 71-74.




Ernst, Kacey C., Kim A. Lindblade, David Koech, Peter O. Sumba,

Dickens O. Kuwuor, Chandy C. John, and Mark L. Wilson.

"Environmental, sociodemographic and behavioural determinants

of malaria risk in the western Kenyan highlands: a case–control study."

Tropical Medicine and International Health 14, no. 10 (2009): 1258-1265.




Alqahtani, A. S., K. E. Wiley, H. W. Willaby, N. F. BinDhim, M. Tashani,

A. E. Heywood, R. Booy, and H. Rashid.

"Australian Hajj pilgrims’ knowledge, attitude and perception about Ebola,

November 2014 to February 2015." Ebola virus disease (2015): 60.




Corsica, France.

"Zika virus transmission from French Polynesia to Brazil."

Emerg Infect Dis 21, no. 10 (2015): 1887.




World Health Organization.

"WHO statement on the first meeting of the

International Health Regulations (2005)(IHR 2005)

Emergency Committee on Zika virus

and observed increase in neurological disorders

and neonatal malformations."

Saudi Medical Journal 37, no. 3 (2016): 332-333.




Kinsman, John.

“A time of fear”: local, national, and international

responses to a large Ebola outbreak in Uganda."

Globalization and health 8, no. 1 (2012): 1.






The Ebola Research Guide


Ebola Fear and Media and Political Sensationalism,

Disinformation and Tabloid Journalism






Zammarchi, Lorenzo, Giulia Stella, Antonia Mantella, Dario Bartolozzi,

Dennis Tappe, Stephan Günther, Lisa Oestereich et al.

"Zika virus infections imported to Italy: clinical, immunological and

virological findings, and public health implications."

Journal of Clinical Virology 63 (2015): 32-35.




Lucey, Daniel R., and Lawrence O. Gostin.

"The emerging Zika pandemic: enhancing preparedness."

JAMA 315, no. 9 (2016): 865-866.




Massad, Eduardo, Francisco Antonio Bezerra Coutinho,

and Annelies Wilder-Smith.

"Is Zika a substantial risk for visitors to the

Rio de Janeiro Olympic Games?."

The Lancet 388, no. 10039 (2016): 25.









Google Books




Content Sample





The Economic Impact of the 2014 Ebola Epidemic:

Short- and Medium-Term Estimates for West Africa

World Bank e-Library

Author         The World Bank

Edition        reprint, revised

Publisher    World Bank Publications, 2014

ISBN 1464804222, 9781464804229

Length        106 pages




Disease Surveillance: Technological Contributions

to Global Health Security

Editors        David L. Blazes, Sheri H. Lewis

Edition        illustrated

Publisher    CRC Press, 2016

ISBN 1482254409, 9781482254402

Length        197 pages




The Travel and Tropical Medicine Manual


Christopher A. Sanford, Elaine C. Jong, Paul S. Pottinger

Edition        5, illustrated

Publisher    Elsevier Health Sciences, 2016

ISBN 0323417426, 9780323417426

Length        682 pages




The Psychosocial Aspects of a Deadly Epidemic:

What Ebola Has Taught Us about Holistic Healing:

Editor          Judy Kuriansky

Publisher    ABC-CLIO, 2016

ISBN 1440842310, 9781440842313

Length        428 pages




Big Data Technologies and Applications

Authors       Borko Furht, Flavio Villanustre

Publisher    Springer, 2016

ISBN 3319445502, 9783319445502

Length        400 pages




Mathematical and Statistical Modeling

for Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases

Editors        Gerardo Chowell, James M. Hyman

Edition        illustrated

Publisher    Springer, 2016

ISBN 331940413X, 9783319404134

Length        356 pages





Authors       George Ealy, Carolyn A. Dehlinger

Edition        illustrated

Publisher    Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2015

ISBN 1284087786, 9781284087789

Length        148 pages




African Economic Outlook 2015

Regional Development and Spatial Inclusion:

African Economic Outlook


African Development Bank, OECD,

United Nations Development Programme

Publisher    OECD Publishing, 2015

ISBN 926423330X, 9789264233300

Length        352 pages





Ebola, Culture and Politics: The Anthropology of an Emerging Disease

Case studies on contemporary social issues

Authors       Barry S. Hewlett, Bonnie L. Hewlett

Edition        illustrated

Publisher    Cengage Learning, 2007

ISBN 0495009180, 9780495009184

Length        192 pages




Neoliberal Ebola: Modeling Disease Emergence

from Finance to Forest and Farm

Editors        Robert G. Wallace, Rodrick Wallace

Edition        illustrated

Publisher    Springer, 2016

ISBN 3319409409, 9783319409405

Length        96 pages




Zika: The Emerging Epidemic

Author         Donald G. McNeil

Publisher    W. W. Norton & Company, 2016

ISBN 0393609170, 9780393609172

Length        160 pages




Global Management of Infectious Disease After Ebola

Editors        Sam F. Halabi, Jeffrey S. Crowley

Publisher    Oxford University Press, 2016

ISBN 0190604883, 9780190604882

Length        312 pages




CDC Health Information for International Travel 2016


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Contributor Gary W Brunette MD MS

Publisher    Oxford University Press, 2015

ISBN 0199379173, 9780199379170

Length        720 pages









Google News


Includes headlines like these


Zika disrupting Miami Beach tourism industry


Miami hotel bookings slow, airfares fall since Zika outbreak


Zika in the Blood Supply


U.S. Issues Travel Advisory for Singapore Due to Zika


No Zika Cases Reported During Rio Olympics, W.H.O. Says


Mosquitoes test positive for Zika in South Beach as local cases rise


How mobile data visualization helped reduce malaria cases by 93% —

Zika could be next


Majority of US Zika cases tied to Caribbean travel


Miami Business Owners Miss Tourists, Want Zika Warnings to End


Non-travel Zika cases in Florida Could approach 400 by summer's end


Singapore's Zika outbreak jumps to 242 cases, as potential new cluster emerges









Google Videos









Google Images



Please bear in mind, Clicking on an image of interest leads to not only to a larger image, but also to link to “Visit Page”.  On that page there is usually far more information related to the image.

Furthermore, this search produces images that are charts tables and graphs and those who have gotten this far in the post would not likely be here if data and statistics is not part of their

interest in tourism and epidemics.








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