Date   

Mars Perseverance Rover - An Update from Andrew B

Edwin Rod
 

Hi Everyone

Andrew has put together a range of images and links from the Perseverance Rover, as always he finds the best images and links. I always do enjoy his updates.

I personally was luck enough to watch live around 10am NZT last Friday morning.

Anyway I'll let you enjoy the images and links from Andrew Below

Cheers Edwin



Hi everyone,

Need not say much about this, other than WOW.

Descent highlights.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4czjS9h4Fpg


Mars Perseverance Rover up looking camera sees parachute deployment about 12,000 metres above Mars.


Parachute opened in about 0.7 of a second with the speed of descent at about 2,000 KPH / 1,242 MPH.
High resolution images.

12,000 metres / 39,370 feet above the surface of Mars over Jezero Crater, Syrtis Major Quadrangle.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

First 360 degree panorama in vastly better resolution. A four times higher resolution view will be made available in due course.
Mars Perseverance Rover. Jezero Crater, Syrtis Major Quadrangle.

NavCam / Navigation Camera.


NASA / JPL-Caltech. Mars Perseverance Rover.

Andrew.



Ian Griffin – Chasing the Auroura

Edwin Rod
 

Ian Griffin – Chasing the Auroura

 

This sure was a packed talk from Ian here in Wellington! I was lucky enough to have met Ian once before in Cooks Beach for the transit of Mercury in November 2019.

 

Ian covered his flights on SOPHIA and the flight to see the lights, how he became interesting in Astronomy and Aurora’s, no one in the audience was disappointed. Bonus points for spotting me in the Audience.  

 

Space Place Wellington

SamsungA8+

03_02_2020

(Some photos from WAS



January 2021 News, research and starcharts

Edwin Rod
 

Hi everyone

Please find this month’s newsletters and Starcharts attached.

There is no shortage of interesting papers this month. The highlights are the planets around Trappist-1 and TOI 178 two interesting systems with resonances. There are a range of interesting news items too.

It’s been a busy few weeks so I’ll leave you to look through the links and papers

Cheers Edwin






Research papers

The Role of Ultraviolet Photons in Circumstellar Astrochemistry
https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.14715

In Situ Geochronology for the Next Decade
https://arxiv.org/abs/2101.01131

Possible Atmospheric Diversity of Low Mass Exoplanets
https://arxiv.org/abs/2101.01277

Searching for Small Circumbinary Planets
https://arxiv.org/abs/2101.03186

The Copernican Principle Rules Out BLC1 as a Technological Radio Signal from the Alpha Centauri System
https://arxiv.org/abs/2101.04118


Around which stars can TESS detect Earth-like planets
https://arxiv.org/abs/2101.07898

Probing the capability of future direct imaging missions to spectrally constrain the frequency of Earth-like planets
https://arxiv.org/abs/2101.07378

Vertically resolved magma ocean-protoatmosphere evolution
https://arxiv.org/abs/2101.10991

Constraints on Planets in Nearby Young Moving Groups Detectable by High-Contrast Imaging and Gaia Astrometry
https://arxiv.org/abs/2101.11130

Complications in the ALMA Detection of Phosphine at Venus
https://arxiv.org/abs/2101.09831

Claimed detection of PH3 in the clouds of Venus is consistent with mesospheric SO2
https://arxiv.org/abs/2101.09837


The Extended Habitable Epoch of the Universe for Liquids Other than Water
https://arxiv.org/abs/2101.10341





Refining the transit timing and photometric analysis of TRAPPIST-1
https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.01074

Characterisation of the hydrospheres of TRAPPIST-1 planets
https://arxiv.org/abs/2101.08172

Super-Earths M Dwarfs and Photosynthetic Organisms Habitability in the Lab
https://arxiv.org/abs/2101.04448

Persistence of Flare-Driven Atmospheric Chemistry on Rocky Habitable Zone Worlds
https://arxiv.org/abs/2101.04507

Characterizing Atmospheres of Transiting Earth-like Exoplanets Orbiting M Dwarfs with James Webb Space Telescope
https://arxiv.org/abs/2101.04139


Oceanic Superrotation on Tidally Locked Planets
https://arxiv.org/abs/2101.11784



----------------------------------------------------------------------
Interesting News items

FORTHCOMING STAR PARTIES -



STARDATE – SOUTH ISLAND. Waitangi weekend, Fri 5th -Mon 8th February 2021. Staveley. Keep an eye on https://cas.org.nz/

STARDATE. Fri 12 and Sat 13 February 2021, at Stonehenge. Phoenix Astronomical Society. Contact secretary@...


The Stars are Comforting
https://www.rnz.co.nz/concert/programmes/stars


Spectroscopy Can Offer New Details of Surface of Venus
http://spaceref.com/venus/six-wavelength-spectroscopy-can-offer-new-details-of-surface-of-venus.html

Some sensible points in here
https://undark.org/2021/01/18/astronomy-discoveries-fall-victim-to-hype/

Astronomers estimate Titan's largest sea is 1,000-feet deep
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2021-01/cu-aet012021.php



Starlink Satellites Are Fainter Now — But Still Visible
https://skyandtelescope.org/astronomy-news/starlink-satellites-fainter-but-still-visible/

Beyond Starlink: The Satellite Saga Continues
https://skyandtelescope.org/astronomy-news/beyond-starlink-the-satellite-saga-continues/

CHEOPS finds unique planetary system
http://nccr-planets.ch/blog/2021/01/25/cheops-finds-unique-planetary-system/
http://spaceref.com/exoplanets/cheops-finds-a-unique-planetary-system.html


6 Things to Know About NASA’s Mars Helicopter on Its Way to Mars
https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/6-things-to-know-about-nasas-mars-helicopter-on-its-way-to-mars

Saturns Tilt
http://spaceref.com/saturn/saturns-tilt-is-caused-by-its-moons.html




The 7 Rocky TRAPPIST-1 Planets May Be Made of Similar Stuff
https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/the-7-rocky-trappist-1-planets-may-be-made-of-similar-stuff

TRAPPIST-1's 7 Rocky Planets May Be Made of Similar Stuff
https://www.unibe.ch/news/media_news/media_relations_e/media_releases/2021/media_releases_2021/trappist_1_s_7_rocky_planets_may_be_made_of_similar_stuff/index_eng.html

TRAPPIST-1: Seven Worlds of Similar Compostion
https://www.centauri-dreams.org/2021/01/26/trappist-1-seven-worlds-of-similar-compostion/


Mercury
http://spaceref.com/mercury/study-reveals-messenger-watched-a-meteoroid-strike-mercury.html






Not Yet Imagined: A Study of Hubble Space Telescope Operations

Edwin Rod
 

Not Yet Imagined: A Study of Hubble Space Telescope Operations



Hi everyone this looks like a great e-book to download and have a read of.






By Christopher Gainor

The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is the most famous astronomical instrument of its time and one of the best-known robotic vehicles ever put into space. Its launch and deployment into low-Earth orbit from the Space Shuttle Discovery in April 1990 appeared to fulfill the plans and dreams of astronomers since the beginnings of space exploration to place a telescope beyond the distorting effects of Earth’s atmosphere.

The first images from Hubble contained a stunning surprise—the space telescope’s main mirror had been precisely ground to the wrong shape. Although HST’s images were still superior to anything available from ground-based telescopes, the Hubble Telescope instantly became a byword for incompetence.

With the future of NASA on the line, scientists and engineers devised fixes for the spherical aberration afflicting Hubble, and astronauts flying on the first of five servicing missions to HST installed new instruments that restored the Space Telescope’s capabilities to those promised when it was launched. Within weeks, HST produced the breathtaking images and other data that astronomers and the public had long anticipated, and soon Hubble shed its former image as it became a symbol of American technological and scientific prowess.

Not Yet Imagined documents the history of HST from its launch through its first 30 years of operation in space. It focuses on the interactions among the general public, astronomers, engineers, government officials, and members of Congress during that time. The decision-making behind the changes in Hubble’s instrument packages on servicing missions that made HST a model of supranational cooperation amongst scientists is chronicled, along with HST’s contributions to our knowledge about our solar system, our galaxy, and our universe. This book also covers the impact of HST and the images it produces on the public’s appreciation for the universe, and how HST has changed the ways astronomy is done.





Starcharts and Keeping in Touch

Edwin Rod
 

Hi everyone

Please find this months starcharts and Keeping in touch newsletter from John D

Cheers


December 2020 research and news items

Edwin Rod
 

Merry Christmas everyone.

 

Please find the attached usual newsletters, I haven’t had this month’s star charts for this month, but if you’re in New Zealand you might not have had much use for them anyway! According to the Met service it’s the worst November ever recorded for Wellington and I’m sure not much better across NZ. Its raining again at the moment and around 12c outside just after the summer solstice here!

There is a range of interesting research out this month, the possible discovery of a signal around Proxima really caught my attention, and there are a range of links to news items on that one to follow up on. Andrew has again taken a good look at the Chinese lunar sample return this month.

Well lets hope 2021 is a brighter year for everyone.

To finish off the year I have attached my best image of Jupiter and Saturn

 

Cheers Edwin




Research papers

An approximation to determine the source of the WOW! Signal
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.06090

The effect of stellar multiplicity on protoplanetary discs. A NIR survey of the Lupus star forming region
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.12297

The First VERA Astrometry Catalog
https://arxiv.org/abs/2002.03089

Chemically tracing the water snowline in protoplanetary disks with HCO
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.12319

New insights into ice properties and their effect on ice shell convection
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.12502

Interstellar Objects Outnumber Solar System Objects in the Oort Cloud
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.14900

Natural radioactive environments as sources of local disequilibrium for the emergence of life
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.14839

Astrochemistry associated with planet formation
https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.01472

The effect of pre-impact spin on the Moon-forming collision
https://arxiv.org/abs/2007.02965

The Role of Early Giant Planet Instability in the Terrestrial Planet Formation
https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.02323

Modeling transmission windows in Titan's lower troposphere
https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.02247

A Distinct Population of Small Planets Sub-Earths
https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.02273

Gaia Early Data Release 3
https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.03380

A Statistical Estimation of the Occurrence of Extraterrestrial Intelligence in the Milky Way Galaxy
https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.07902

Bayesian analysis of Juno/JIRAM's NIR observations of Europa
https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.05240

On the Robustness of Phosphine Signatures in Venus' Clouds
https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.05844

Lava Worlds From Early Earth to Exoplanets
https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.07337

Detectability of biosignatures on LHS 1140 b
https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.11426

Magnetospheres of Terrestrial Exoplanets and Exomoons
https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.11694

Visible-wavelength Spectra of Europa's Trailing Hemisphere
https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.11737

The Fundamental Connections Between the Solar System and Exoplanetary Science
https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.11628


----------------------------------------------------------------------
Interesting News items

FORTHCOMING STAR PARTIES -


CENTRAL STAR PARTY. Thu 14th – Mon 18th January 2021. Four days/nights of tenting/bunk rooms, excellent astronomy talks and
telescope viewing! Tuki Tuki Camp site, 70 Moore Rd, Haumoana, Hawkes Bay. www.censtar.party .

STARDATE – SOUTH ISLAND. Waitangi weekend, Fri 5th -Mon 8th February 2021. Staveley. Keep an eye on https://cas.org.nz/

STARDATE. Fri 12 and Sat 13 February 2021, at Stonehenge. Phoenix Astronomical Society. Contact secretary@...


Mysterious metal monolith pops up in Christchurch
https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/123769650/aliens-or-artists-mysterious-metal-monolith-pops-up-in-christchurch-the-latest-home-to-the-global-phenomenon


Rocket plumes
http://satobs.org/seesat_ref/misc/zuma_vs_falcon9-stage2_clouds_plumes_overview.pdf

The world’s oldest story? Astronomers say global myths about ‘seven sisters’ stars may reach back 100,000 years
https://theconversation.com/the-worlds-oldest-story-astronomers-say-global-myths-about-seven-sisters-stars-may-reach-back-100-000-years-151568

Chance Played A Major Role In Keeping Earth Fit For Life
http://astrobiology.com/2020/12/chance-played-a-major-role-in-keeping-earth-fit-for-life.html


Christmas without lockdowns, despite contrary views
https://sciblogs.co.nz/lately-in-science/2020/12/24/christmas-without-lockdowns-despite-contrary-views/



A Transient at Proxima Centauri?
https://www.centauri-dreams.org/2020/12/21/a-transient-at-proxima-centauri/

A signal from Proxima? Likely intelligent, unlikely from aliens
https://www.syfy.com/syfywire/a-signal-from-proxima-likely-intelligent-unlikely-from-aliens

BLC1: A candidate signal around Proxima
https://sites.psu.edu/astrowright/2020/12/20/blc1-a-candidate-signal-around-proxima/

A Statistical Estimation of the Occurrence of Extraterrestrial Intelligence in the Milky Way Galaxy
https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.07902

Alien hunters detect mysterious radio signal from nearby star
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2020/12/alien-hunters-detect-mysterious-radio-signal-from-nearby-star/





Hi,

Currently there's a mag 7-ish comet in the morning sky (Comet Erasmus). It rises just before astro twilight. It could be a reasonable astrophotography target (albeit, we're fighting trilight down here in NZ). Here's an observation from J. J. Gonzalez Suarez (Spain) -

C/2020 S3 (Erasmus):
2020 Nov. 28.25 UT: m1=6.8, Dia.=3', DC=7/,
Tail= 0.4 deg. in PA 270 deg, 25x100B.
[ Zodiacal light. Altitude: 4 deg. Sidgwick method.
Tycho-2 comparison stars. SQM: 20.3.].  

Ephemerides from GUIDE 9.1 -
Erasmus (C/2020 S3)
Date         RA            declination     r      delta   mag Elong  Speed   PA  Con
----         --            -----------     -      -----   --- ----- ------ ----- ---
29 Nov 2020  14h07m46.36s  -22 56' 21.5"  0.5472  1.0850 11.6  30.2 330.15  96.0 Hya
30 Nov 2020  14h17m15.22s  -23 09' 00.1"  0.5304  1.0949 11.5  28.9 330.23  95.1 Hya
 1 Dec 2020  14h26m45.81s  -23 19' 25.4"  0.5140  1.1058 11.4  27.7 330.23  94.1 Lib
 2 Dec 2020  14h36m17.73s  -23 27' 37.2"  0.4983  1.1174 11.3  26.5 330.19  93.1 Lib
 3 Dec 2020  14h45m50.61s  -23 33' 35.9"  0.4833  1.1299 11.2  25.2 330.12  92.2 Lib
 4 Dec 2020  14h55m24.08s  -23 37' 22.8"  0.4691  1.1431 11.2  24..0 330.05  91.2 Lib
 5 Dec 2020  15h04m57.81s  -23 38' 59.6"  0.4558  1.1570 11.1  22.8 329.96  90..3 Lib
 6 Dec 2020  15h14m31.48s  -23 38' 29.0"  0.4436  1.1715 11.0  21.6 329.85  89.4 Lib
 7 Dec 2020  15h24m04.72s  -23 35' 53.9"  0.4326  1.1866 11.0  20.4 329.70  88.5 Lib
 8 Dec 2020  15h33m37.15s  -23 31' 18.3"  0.4230  1.2022 10.9  19.2 329.46  87.6 Lib
 9 Dec 2020  15h43m08.30s  -23 24' 46.5"  0.4148  1.2182 10.9  18.0 329.07  86.8 Lib
10 Dec 2020  15h52m37.63s  -23 16' 23.5"  0.4081  1.2345 10.8  16.8 328.47  86.0 Sco
11 Dec 2020  16h02m04.51s  -23 06' 15.0"  0.4032  1.2510 10.8  15.7 327.58  85.2 Sco
12 Dec 2020  16h11m28.21s  -22 54' 27.1"  0.4000  1.2677 10.8  14.5 326.34  84.5 Sco
13 Dec 2020  16h20m47.89s  -22 41' 06..5"  0.3987  1.2844 10.8  13.4 324.67  83.8 Sco (perihelion)
14 Dec 2020  16h30m02.66s  -22 26' 20.3"  0.3992  1.3011 10.9  12.3 322.52  83.1 Oph
15 Dec 2020  16h39m11.60s  -22 10' 15.7"  0.4016  1..3177 10.9  11.3 319.88  82.5 Oph
16 Dec 2020  16h48m13.77s  -21 53' 00.0"  0.4058  1.3343 11.0  10.3 316.72  81.9 Oph
17 Dec 2020  16h57m08.29s  -21 34' 40..5"  0.4117  1.3507 11.1   9.3 313.08  81.4 Oph
18 Dec 2020  17h05m54.35s  -21 15' 24.4"  0.4192  1.3670 11.2   8.4 308.98  80.8 Oph
19 Dec 2020  17h14m31.23s  -20 55' 18.4"  0.4282  1.3832 11.3   7.6 304.49  80.3 Oph
20 Dec 2020  17h22m58.34s  -20 34' 29.0"  0.4387  1.3993 11.4   6.9 299.65  79..8 Oph

Cheers
John D - RASNZ Comet and Meteor Section





Starfield Observatory

Edwin Rod
 

Starfield Observatory

 

Hi all

John sure has been busy since I last made it out to his observatory complex near Martinbourgh the trees have grown and the observatories too. It’s a real credit to John and his team, with the total covid lockdown in 2020 and a mess of a year it was nice to make it out for the observatory opening and catch up with everyone. Here is a selection of the scopes, equipment and observatories.

 

   Starfield opening of The Ramsey observatory

 

 

Nikon CoolPix P900

CMOS Sensor

12_12_2020

Target - Subject

Observatory opening

Location

Martinborough

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martinborough

https://www.google.co.nz/maps/@-41.3029114,175.4539261,7018m/data=!3m1!1e3

Lens

Nikkor 83X Wide Optical Zoom

File Name

Starfield_P900_12_12_2020




Hi all two interesting research papers here to read

Edwin Rod
 

The future of Earth and also a look at Proxima C




Re: Make sure to watch Jupiter and Saturn this month

wayne roberts
 

They are already very close; as you say, great views to come. My eyesight is not what it was and stars/planets present as elongated spikes (distance glasses clean it up nicely) - I doubt I'll be able to separate them at their closest (without my glasses). Telescopic views will be magic Emoji.
Regards;
Wayne.

On Wednesday, 2 December 2020, 07:26:47 am AEDT, Edwin Rod via groups.io <edwinrod_welly@...> wrote:


Going to be great to watch over the next month



Make sure to watch Jupiter and Saturn this month

Edwin Rod
 

Going to be great to watch over the next month



November 2020 News and Research

Edwin Rod
 

Hi everyone

Please find all the usual star chart’s and newsletters attached along with a few interesting bits of research.

There is a good look at the search for the proposed outer ice giant this month and some great ones looking at habitable planets too.  The Leo labs tool looking at orbiting objects is lots of fun to have a look at.

 

Cheers Edwin

 




Research papers


Hydrogen recombination line luminosities and -variability from forming planets
https://arxiv.org/abs/2002.09918

An Integrated Analysis with Predictions on the Architecture of the tau Ceti Planetary System
https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.14675

Hydrogen dominated atmospheres on terrestrial mass planets
https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.15091

A Targeted Shift-Stacking Search for Planet Nine and Distant TNOs in the Galactic Plane
https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.13791

The Occurrence of Rocky Habitable Zone Planets Around Solar-Like Stars from Kepler Data
https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.14812

Volume-Complete Sample of Mid-to-Late M dwarfs within 15 Parsecs
https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.15635

Water abundance at the surface of C-complex main-belt asteroids
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.00279

Stellar occultations enable milliarcsecond astrometry for Trans-Neptunian objects and Centaurs
https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.12708

Modelling the atmosphere of lava planet K2-141b
https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.14101

SPECULOOS Ultracool Dwarf Transit Survey
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.02069

Statistical Properties of Superflares on Solar-type Stars
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.02117

Generalized Stoichiometry and Biogeochemistry for Astrobiological Applications
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.02425

Clouds in Exoplanetary Atmospheres
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.03302

The Effect of Land Albedo on the Climate of Land-Dominated Planets in the TRAPPIST-1 System
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.03621

The Occurrence of Rocky Habitable Zone Planets Around Solar-Like Stars from Kepler Data
https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.14812

The Demographics of Exoplanets
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.04703

Re-analysis of Phosphine in Venus' Clouds
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.08176

Observability of ultraviolet N I lines in the atmosphere of transiting Earth-like planets
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.05613

Evidence for geologically recent explosive volcanism in Elysium Planitia, Mars
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.05956

Terraforming the dwarf planet Ceres
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.07487

The Ultimately Large Telescope
https://arxiv.org/abs/2007.02946

Kernel Phase and Coronagraphy with Automatic Differentiation
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.09780

Presumptuous Philosopher Proves Panspermia
https://philpapers.org/rec/TURPPP-8

A terrestrial-mass rogue planet candidate detected in the shortest-timescale microlensing event
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.12377

Hubble WFC3 Spectroscopy of the Habitable-zone Super-Earth LHS 1140 b
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.08815

Brightness modulations of our nearest terrestrial planet Venus reveal atmospheric super-rotation rather than surface features
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.09271

New Horizons Observations of the Cosmic Optical Background
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.03052

Methane as a dominant absorber in the habitable-zone sub-Neptune K2-18 b
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.10424

----------------------------------------------------------------------
Interesting News items

FORTHCOMING STAR PARTIES -


CENTRAL STAR PARTY. Thu 14th – Mon 18th January 2021. Four days/nights of tenting/bunk rooms, excellent astronomy talks and
telescope viewing! Tuki Tuki Camp site, 70 Moore Rd, Haumoana, Hawkes Bay. www.censtar.party .

STARDATE – SOUTH ISLAND. Waitangi weekend, Fri 5th -Mon 8th February 2021. Staveley. Keep an eye on https://cas.org.nz/

STARDATE. Fri 12 and Sat 13 February 2021, at Stonehenge. Phoenix Astronomical Society. Contact secretary@...



Astronomers find 139 new minor planets in the outer solar system
https://astronomy.com/news/2020/03/astronomers-find-139-new-minor-planets-in-the-outer-solar-system

NASA's Webb To Examine Objects in the Graveyard of the Solar System
http://spaceref.com/asteroids/nasas-webb-to-examine-objects-in-the-graveyard-of-the-solar-system.html

Why sleep experts say it’s time to ditch daylight saving time
https://theconversation.com/why-sleep-experts-say-its-time-to-ditch-daylight-saving-time-146956

How giant planets turn gas to metal
http://nccr-planets.ch/blog/2020/10/30/how-giant-planets-turn-gas-to-metal


Americans searching 'how to move to NZ' skyrockets during a tight election race
https://www.nzherald.co.nz/world/americans-searching-how-to-move-to-nz-skyrockets-during-a-tight-election-race/5OOOWEGQFBOMMBP3ZZPKXO3XJU/

Why is Australia chock-full of poisonous creatures
https://www.kickassfacts.com/askus-why-is-australia-full-of-poisonous-creatures-but-not-new-zealand/

On 300 Million Habitable Zone Planets
https://www.centauri-dreams.org/2020/11/10/on-300-million-habitable-zone-planets/

One of my favorite area's
https://getpocket.com/explore/item/searching-for-the-key-to-life-s-beginnings

Radioactive Elements May Be Crucial To The Habitability Of Rocky Planets
http://astrobiology.com/2020/11/radioactive-elements-may-be-crucial-to-the-habitability-of-rocky-planets.html

NSF begins planning for decommissioning of Arecibo Observatory’s 305-meter telescope due to safety concerns
https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=301674

Low Earth Orbit Visualization
https://platform.leolabs.space/visualization



A collection of nice scopes here

Edwin Rod
 

Hi all

It was a great weekend away in Foxton at the NZ Astrophotography weekend. There was no shortage of telescopes to check out and admire.
It was a nice clear night Saturday night and I managed to do some observing and also take some photos. You always ed up leaving with a big shopping list of things to buy :)

Cheers Edwin



New Zealand Astrophotography Weekend 2020
http://www.horoastronomy.org.nz/upcoming-events/astrophotography-weekend

Nikon CoolPix P900
CMOS Sensor
14_11_2020
Target - Subject
Telescopes, Sunset, and the event.
Location
Foxton Beach
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foxton_Beach
https://www.google.co.nz/maps/@-40.4668783,175.2473649,941m/data=!3m1!1e3
Lens
Nikkor 83X Wide Optical Zoom
File Name
Foxton_Astrocamp_P900_14_11_2020




The Southern Cross and pointers

Edwin Rod
 

The Southern Cross and pointers

One here for people to enjoy from the northern hemisphere, there were some street lights in this direction, and the cabin I was in for the night can be seen too.

 

New Zealand Astrophotography Weekend 2020

http://www.horoastronomy.org.nz/upcoming-events/astrophotography-weekend

 

Nikon CoolPix P900

CMOS Sensor

14_11_2020

Target - Subject

Telescopes, Sunset, and the event.

Location

Foxton Beach

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foxton_Beach

https://www.google.co.nz/maps/@-40.4668783,175.2473649,941m/data=!3m1!1e3

Lens

Nikkor 83X Wide Optical Zoom

File Name

Foxton_Astrocamp_P900_14_11_2020




A night under the stars

Edwin Rod
 

A night under the stars

It was good to give the 650D a workout and snap this one of everyone with their gear and hard at work under the stars, my DSLR is now over 8 years old too!

 

New Zealand Astrophotography Weekend 2020

http://www.horoastronomy.org.nz/upcoming-events/astrophotography-weekend

 

Nikon CoolPix P900

CMOS Sensor

14_11_2020

Target - Subject

Telescopes, Sunset, and the event.

Location

Foxton Beach

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foxton_Beach

https://www.google.co.nz/maps/@-40.4668783,175.2473649,941m/data=!3m1!1e3

Lens

Nikkor 83X Wide Optical Zoom

File Name

Foxton_Astrocamp_P900_14_11_2020




Water on Sunlit Surface of Moon

Edwin Rod
 

Hi Everyone

Important news requires an important update. Attached are two interesting papers about the Moon and water on the surface to have a look at. The observations were made from SOFIA which often operates from Christchurch.

The NASA news item is also linked below, now when we will make it back?

Super interesting so I will let you all read on.

Cheers Edwin






Cheers Edwin



Ch



October 2020 News research and Star Charts

Edwin Rod
 

Hi everyone

Please find this month’s news, starcharts and as always a few of this month’s best research items.

 

You will be pleased to know the satellite Collison didn’t happen it sure was a nice day so I went out and took a few photos, and I have attached one taken around 2pm at the predicted time of re entery over wellington. There are two really interesting articles to read on the subject. The story behind Donald J. Kessler was very interesting and something I had never read about before.

Again Andrew has a range of interesting updates for us too including looking at Bennu and the sample collection a mission I know he’s been following closely.

If your looking for a full update on the Venus news I have managed over the last month to collect up all the bits of research on the phosphine discovery but top of the list are suggestions that the measurement was an error. Either way a new mission back to Venus is needed to study the clouds and map the surface in detail.

Remember it’s the Astrophotography camp in November and I’m hoping to make it along for one night.

Thanks Edwin




Research papers


Which Stars can see Earth as a Transiting Exoplanet
https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.09766

Coupled Day-Night Models of Exoplanetary Atmospheres
https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.07303

In Search for a Planet Better than Earth superhabitable worlds
https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/ast.2019.2161

Solid tidal friction in multi-layer planets
https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.04587

Hot Exoplanet Atmospheres WASP-121 b
https://arxiv.org/abs/2006.11308

a targeted SETI strategy that avoids the SETI Paradox
https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.04089

Temperature Evolution and Habitability Impacts of Dozens of Superflares Observed Simultaneously by Evryscope and TESS
https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.00604

Status of the SPARC Physics Basis
https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-plasma-physics/collections/status-of-the-sparc-physics-basis

Moderate-Resolution K-Band Spectroscopy of Substellar Companion ? Andromedae b
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.08959

Earth as an Exoplanet
https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.02589

Gravitational wave lensing beyond general relativity
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.12187

Refining the transit timing and photometric analysis of TRAPPIST-1
https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.01074

Multiple subglacial water bodies below the south pole of Mars unveiled by new MARSIS data
https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.00870

The CARMENES search for exoplanets around M dwarfs.
https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.00474

A terrestrial-mass rogue planet candidate detected in the shortest-timescale microlensing event
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.12377

Effects of the Planar Galactic Tides and Stellar Mass on Comet Cloud Dynamics
https://arxiv.org/abs/0911.5533

Lunar Opportunities for SETI
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.12689

Primordial Black Holes as Dark Matter
https://arxiv.org/abs/2006.02838

Electrostatic lofting of dust grains from the surfaces of Thebe and Amalthea
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.11114

Rapidly Spinning Compact Stars with Deconfinement Phase Transition
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.10731




Venus

Venus No statistically significant detection of phosphine
https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.09761

A stringent upper limit of the PH3 abundance at the cloud top of Venus
https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.07817

Phosphine on Venus Cannot be Explained by Conventional Processes
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.06499

A Precursor Balloon Mission for Venusian Astrobiology
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.11826

Might active volcanisms today contribute to the presence of phosphine in Venus's atmosphere?
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.11904

On The Biomass Required To Produce Phosphine Detected In The Cloud Decks Of Venus

Authors: Manasvi Lingam, Abraham Loeb
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.07835

Feasibility Analysis and Preliminary Design of ChipSat Entry for In-situ Investigation of the Atmosphere of Venus
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.08396

Transfer of Life Between Earth and Venus with Planet-Grazing Asteroids
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.09512

Phosphine as a Biosignature Gas in Exoplanet Atmospheres
https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/ast.2018.1954

Looking for pieces of Venus? Try the moon
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-10/yu-lfp100720.php

Detection of simplest amino acid glycine in the atmosphere of the Venus
https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.06211


----------------------------------------------------------------------
Interesting News items

FORTHCOMING STAR PARTIES -
STARDATE MARS. Fri 16 to Sun 18 October 2020. Phoenix Astronomical Society. Talks and telescope viewing at Stonehenge Aotearoa
(near Carterton) – with a focus on Mars! Contact The Phoenix Astronomical Society secretary - secretary@... .

NZ ASTROPHOTOGRAPHY WEEKEND. Fri 13th – Sun 15th November 2020. Shed new light on your astrophotography with some
of New Zealand’s top astrophotographers! Foxton Beach Camp, Foxton Beach, Horowhenua. www.nzapw.org.nz .

CENTRAL STAR PARTY. Thu 14th – Mon 18th January 2021. Four days/nights of tenting/bunk rooms, excellent astronomy talks and
telescope viewing! Tuki Tuki Camp site, 70 Moore Rd, Haumoana, Hawkes Bay. www.censtar.party .

STARDATE – SOUTH ISLAND. Waitangi weekend, Fri 5th -Mon 8th February 2021. Staveley. Keep an eye on https://cas.org.nz/

STARDATE. Fri 12 and Sat 13 February 2021, at Stonehenge. Phoenix Astronomical Society. Contact secretary@...




Earth-like Planets often come with a bodyguard
http://www.mpia.de/news/science/2020-16-superearth


The current state of space debris
https://www.esa.int/Safety_Security/Space_Debris/The_current_state_of_space_debris

The Elusive Peril of Space Junk
https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2020/09/28/the-elusive-peril-of-space-junk


Tasmanian devils return to mainland Australia for first time in 3,000 years
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2020/10/tasmanian-devils-return-to-mainland-australia/

How America Lost 200,000 Lives to Covid-19
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/29/opinion/covid-pandemic-us-response.html

2020 New Zealand Astrophotography Competition Entry movie
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h_8PNrPiqpM

Where in the world will the next epidemic start?
https://sciblogs.co.nz/guestwork/2020/09/27/where-in-the-world-will-the-next-epidemic-start/


Meet the bright people behind the Wairarapa dark sky reserve bid
https://www.stuff.co.nz/dominion-post/news/wairarapa/300109429/meet-the-bright-people-behind-the-wairarapa-dark-sky-reserve-bid

Daylight savings
https://www.rnz.co.nz/news/national/426993/spring-forward-five-facts-about-daylight-saving





Possible inter-satellite collision on Friday (2PM NZ Time)

Edwin Rod
 

Hi Folks

Twitter seems to be down, but to the best of my knowledge this is going to be 2pm today!

Links and info below

Cheers Edwin







We likely won't know anything about the possible satellite collision tonight until the Chinese CZ-4C booster passes over New Zealand. That's 5000 km or roughly 11 minutes after the (possible) impact, say 9:07 PM EDT. Maybe we'll hear something by 9:10 or so.





Inline image





Beauty in the Stars – Steve C

Edwin Rod
 

Beauty in the Stars – Steve C

I have known Steve for many years and he sure is one amazing photographer of deep sky objects. In fact the images looking amazing on the projector in the darkened room, I feel people will be looking forward to exploring the Magellanic clouds with his images in the near future.

Post Covid Lockdown it was nice to see Steve in person too.

WAS Meeting, Space Place – Carter Observatory

Samsung A8+

07_10_2020




September 2020 News and research items

Edwin Rod
 

 
Hi everyone

Please find all the usual, starcharts and newsletters attached along with some research papers too. With the news about Phosphine in the clouds of Venus I have added in some good ones on Venus for you to have a look at and read. Again Andrew has provide us with some great updates and there are lots of links to have a look at. Due to not feeling to well over the weekend I haven’t been able to do much of a write up on Venus myself this month but Paul Gilsters article provides a great overview and detail as always.

Anyway enjoy

Thanks Edwin


Research papers


On The Biomass Required To Produce Phosphine Detected In The Cloud Decks Of Venus

Authors: Manasvi Lingam, Abraham Loeb
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.07835

Feasibility Analysis and Preliminary Design of ChipSat Entry for In-situ Investigation of the Atmosphere of Venus
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.08396

Transfer of Life Between Earth and Venus with Planet-Grazing Asteroids
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.09512



Seeing above the Clouds with High Resolution Spectroscopy
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.11464

Estimating the Ultraviolet Emission of M dwarfs with Exoplanets from Ca II and Ha
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.07869

Water Vapor and Clouds on the Habitable-Zone Sub-Neptune Exoplanet K2-18b
https://arxiv.org/abs/1909.04642

Callisto
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.05002

Accretion disk's magnetic field controlled the composition of the terrestrial planets
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.04311

Stellar Flares versus Luminosity XUV-induced Atmospheric Escape and Planetary Habitability
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.04310

A kilometer-scale asteroid inside Venus's orbit
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.04125

Direct characterization of young giant exoplanets at high spectral resolution by coupling SPHERE and CRIRES
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.01841


How massive can a black hole be? This study asked that question and takes a look at how many there could be.

Black holes – Do they grow stupendously large?
https://astrobites.org/2020/09/05/stupendously-large-black-holes/

Constraints on Stupendously Large Black Holes
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.08077


Direct Imaging Discovery of a Young Brown Dwarf Companion to an A2V Star
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.08537

The High-Energy Radiation Environment Around a 10 Gyr M Dwarf
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.01259

Utilizing a Database of Simulated Geometric Albedo Spectra for Photometric Characterization of Rocky Exoplanet Atmospheres
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.01330

Cryogenic Cometary Sample Return
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.00101

Habitable Zones in Binary Star Systems
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.00144

The Equatorial Jet Speed on Tidally Locked Planets
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.00358

A Recipe for Geophysical Exploration of Enceladus
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.02887

The effects of granulation and supergranulation on Earth-mass planet detectability
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.11952

Lithologic Controls on Silicate Weathering Regimes of Temperate Planets
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.11620

Evolution of the Earth's Polar Outflow From Mid-Archean to Present
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.10337

The impact of the planetesimal surface density in the terrestrial planet zone
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.10432


Alien skies
https://www.drewexmachina.com/2020/08/28/alien-skies-the-view-from-alpha-centauri/


----------------------------------------------------------------------
Interesting News items


The British Astronomical Association (BAA) did a webinar about Comet NEOWISE a few days ago. It can be seen on YouTube at -

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G6xlpvxJTYQ



Camera retailer who swindled more than $100,000 from customers jailed
https://www.stuff.co.nz/timaru-herald/news/122804586/camera-retailer-who-swindled-more-than-100000-from-customers-jailed


Gobekli Tepe: The world’s first astronomical observatory?
https://astronomy.com/news/2020/09/gobekli-tepe-the-worlds-first-astronomical-observatory


Dark sky reserve moving forward
https://times-age.co.nz/dark-sky-reserve-moving-forward

Dark Sky Maps
https://blue-marble.de/nightlights/2019

New Zealand Tasmanian tiger pelt provides DNA of extinct marsupial
https://www.rnz.co.nz/news/national/424807/new-zealand-tasmanian-tiger-pelt-provides-dna-of-extinct-marsupial


A Supercomputer Analyzed Covid-19 — and an Interesting New Theory Has Emerged
https://elemental.medium.com/a-supercomputer-analyzed-covid-19-and-an-interesting-new-theory-has-emerged-31cb8eba9d63

A mechanistic model and therapeutic interventions for COVID-19 involving a RAS-mediated bradykinin storm
https://elifesciences.org/articles/59177

Intensive Care Unit Admission and Mortality Among Patients Hospitalized for COVID-19
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960076020302764



August 2020 News skycharts and research papers

Edwin Rod
 

Hi everyone

 

Please find all the usual newsletters, starcharts and papers attached.

Its Covid level level 2 for us in Wellington and NZ until Sunday night (29th Aug) and its level 3 for the Auckland region, I have one or two links on Covid for those who might be interesting, in the attached notepad file.

There sure is no shortage of interesting articles this month and a lot to get through. Did the Sun form with another star? A binary companion? Interesting research suggests it might have, with intriguing implications for the proposed outer ice giant Planet. Ganymede has always been a Moon of interest for me and this month there is a look at a big impact basin on the moon and the tidal heating of Jupiter’s Moons.  There is also an interesting look at a Star that is just big enough to be on the main sequence. How many habitable planets can you fit around a Star? Its an interesting question that is answered this month. There is a look at a very high density Neptune planet and a look at the Trappist planets too.

 

Andrew from the UK has also summed up nicely some top stories from the month too.

 

Cheers Edwin

 

 

Research papers


Surface and oceanic habitability of Trappist-1 planets under the impact of flares
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.09147

Magma ocean evolution of the TRAPPIST-1 planets
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.09599

Potential For Liquid Water Biochemistry Deep Under The Surfaces Of The Moon, Mars And Beyond
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.08709

Isotopically distinct terrestrial planets via local accretion
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.08850

High-resolution survey for planetary companions to young stars in the Taurus Molecular Cloud
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.06065

Quantifying the information impact of future searches for exoplanetary biosignatures
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.07586

Detection of ten new planets
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.07998

Missions to and Sample Returns from Nearby Interstellar Objects
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.07647

An eclipsing M-dwarf close to the hydrogen burning limit from NGTS
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.07354

Powering the Galilean Satellites with Moon-Moon Tides
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.02825

The Science Case for a Titan Flagship-class Orbiter with Probes
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.05680

Optical Transmission Spectroscopy of the Terrestrial Exoplanet LHS 3844b
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.05444

Effects of Flux Variation on the Surface Temperatures of Earth-like Circumbinary Planets
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.04992

Could the Migration of Jupiter have Accelerated the Atmospheric Evolution of Venus
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.04927

Differing Enceladean ocean circulation and ice shell geometries driven by tidal heating
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.03764

Non-detection of O2/O3 informs frequency of Earth-like planets with LUVOIR but not HabEx
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.03952

Water worlds in N-body simulations with fragmentation in systems without gaseous giants
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.03594

Monte Carlo estimation of the probability of causal contacts between communicating civilisations
https://arxiv.org/abs/2007.03597

A Long-Lived Sharp Disruption on the Lower Clouds of Venus
https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2020GL087221

The Habitable-zone Planet Finder Reveals A High Mass and a Low Obliquity for the Young Neptune K2-25b
https://arxiv.org/abs/2007.12766

https://www.centauri-dreams.org/2020/08/07/a-dense-sub-neptune-challenges-formation-theories/

An astrometric planetary companion candidate to the M9 Dwarf TVLM 513-46546
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.01595

https://www.centauri-dreams.org/2020/08/05/saturn-class-exoplanet-is-a-win-for-astrometry/
http://spaceref.com/extrasolar-planets/radio-telescopes-find-extrasolar-planet-around-main-sequence-star.html


The Habitability of the Galactic Bulge
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.01419

Stellar Pulsation and the Production of Dust and Molecules in Galactic Carbon Stars
https://arxiv.org/abs/1910.11401

Prebiotic precursors of the primordial RNA world in space
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.00228

Exoplanets Sciences with Nulling Interferometers and a Single-Mode Fiber-Fed Spectrograph
https://arxiv.org/abs/2007.15529

Asteroid impact, Schumann resonances and the end of dinosaurs
https://arxiv.org/abs/2007.15463

Observing Earth from the Moon to prepare for detecting life on Earth-like exoplanets
https://arxiv.org/abs/2007.16078

Dynamical Packing in the Habitable Zone
https://arxiv.org/abs/2006.13962

The stability of tightly-packed, evenly-spaced systems of Earth-mass planets orbiting a Sun-like star
https://arxiv.org/abs/1703.08426

https://www.centauri-dreams.org/2020/08/04/a-tight-fit-planets-in-the-habitable-zone/

Oceanic and atmospheric methane cycling in the cGENIE Earth system model
https://arxiv.org/abs/2007.15053

Colors of an Earth-like exoplanet
https://arxiv.org/abs/2007.15624

investigating the biological potential of galactic cosmic ray-induced radiation-driven chemical disequilibrium in the Martian subsurface
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-68715-7

Near-parabolic comets observed in 2006-2010
https://arxiv.org/abs/1308.0563

No evidence for interstellar planetesimals trapped in the Solar System
https://arxiv.org/abs/2006.04534

The Science Case for Spacecraft Exploration of the Uranian Satellites
https://arxiv.org/abs/2007.07284

Can Volcanism Build Hydrogen-Rich Early Atmospheres
https://arxiv.org/abs/2007.12037



Using a real-world network to model localized COVID-19 control strategies
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-020-1036-8


Deforestation and world population sustainability: a quantitative analysis
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-63657-6

https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/akzn5a/theoretical-physicists-say-90-chance-of-societal-collapse-within-several-decades


----------------------------------------------------------------------
Interesting News items


New Zealand Astrophotography Weekend 2020
http://www.horoastronomy.org.nz/upcoming-events/astrophotography-weekend


'Shallow Lightning' and 'Mushballs' Reveal Ammonia to NASA's Juno Scientists
https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=7721


Vincent Van Gogh’s art comes alive and larger than life on Wellington waterfront
https://www.stuff.co.nz/entertainment/122282691/vincent-van-goghs-art-comes-alive-and-larger-than-life-on-wellington-waterfront

The People’s Space Odyssey: 2010: The Year We Make Contact
https://www.centauri-dreams.org/2020/07/31/the-peoples-space-odyssey-2010-the-year-we-make-contact/


The scramble for space at Earth’s outer limits
https://www.rnz.co.nz/news/world/423083/the-scramble-for-space-at-earth-s-outer-limits

The Unraveling of America   
https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/political-commentary/covid-19-end-of-american-era-wade-davis-1038206





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