Re: Italian Hn dived for shellfish
toggle quoted messageShow quoted text
The most recent Neanderthal lithic tradition in Italy has been reassigned to EEMH based upon human fossils. In many parts of Italy the Mousterian and / or Achuelian never happened with other lithic traditions in their place. Usually there is no fossil evidence associated with lithic traditions in Italy. It is likely at least some of the “neanderthals” who were more actively diving were early modern humans or EEMH not neanderthals.
Sent from Mail for Windows
From: Marc Verhaegen
Sent: Monday, April 18, 2022 7:45 AM
Subject: [AAT] Italian Hn dived for shellfish
Neandertals on the beach:
Use of marine resources at Grotta dei Moscerini (Latium, Italy)
Paola Villa cs 2020 PLoS One 15:e0226690
Excavated in 1949, Grotta dei Moscerini (MIS-5 to early MIS-4) is 1 of 2
Italian Hn sites with a large assemblage of retouched shells (n=171)
from 21 layers.
The other occurrence is from the broadly contemporaneous layer L of
Grotta del Cavallo, S-Italy (n=126).
8 other Mousterian sites in Italy & 1in Greece also have shell tools,
but in a very small number.
The shell tools are made on valves of the smooth clam Callista chione.
The general idea that the valves of Callista chione were collected by
Hn on the beach after the death of the mollusk is incomplete.
At Moscerini, 23.9 % of the spms were gathered directly from the
sea-floor, as live animals by skin diving Hn.
Archaeological data from sites in Italy, France & Spain confirm that
shell-fishing & fresh-water fishing was a common Hn activity, as
indicated by anatomical studies recently published by E.Trinkaus.
Lithic analysis provides data to show the relation between stone tools &
Several layers contain pumices derived from volcanic eruptions in the
Ischia Island or the Campi Flegrei (prior to the Campanian Ignimbrite
Their rounded edges indicate:
they were transported by sea-currents to the beach at the base of the
Their presence in the occupation layers above the beach is discussed.
The most plausible hypothesis is that they were collected by Hn.
Incontrovertible evidence that Hn collected pumices is provided by a
cave in Liguria.
Use of pumices as abraders is well documented in the Upper Paleolithic.
the exploitation of submerged aquatic resources & the collection of
pumices common in the UP were part of Hn behavior well before Hs
arrival in W-Europe.